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Nov 17, 2017 Suspense techniques,
Five Steps to Writing a Good For and techniques, Against Essay. Anime Stances! An essay is a formal piece of writing which describes, analyses or discusses a particular issue. The most common types are: Opinion essays. Suspense! They present the writer’s personal opinion of the Essay topic, supported with examples and reasons. For and against essays. They present both sides of an issue in a balanced way. Suspense! In the concluding paragraph you can say why you find one side more convincing than the other. In this post, I#8217;ll guide you step by Teaching, step to help you write a good for and against suspense, essay. Step 1. Tips and Guidelines +sample essay (pdf) Step 2. Presentation + sample essay (reinforcing) Step 3. Using connectors of harvard generator tool contrast Step 4. Suspense Techniques! Using connectors of anime stances purpose Step 5. Write: 53 topics to write about. (pdf) Step 1. Tips and suspense, guidelines+sample essay. 1. Essay On Artificial Reef! The first stage in suspense techniques, writing is Essay Reef producing ideas. It’s important to dedicate two or three minutes to carefully planning what you are going to say.
Make a list of the suspense points for and against. Remember that the key to writing a good balanced essay is to include as many arguments you disagree with as those you agree with. They should be noted impartially although in your conclusion you can say why you find one side more convincing than the department hialeah other. 2. Producing and organising ideas is suspense one thing. Shaping ideas and the organisation of your writing is on Artificial another. Suspense! But often the most difficult part is human resources job description starting a first draft. Suspense! Once you have your first draft pay attention to how you have organised the anime stances information into paragraphs and grouped ideas. Once this is done you can focus on expression. This means looking at sentence structure, tense usage and vocabulary.
It’s important to write clearly and techniques, economically. For Kids! This can mean either rephrasing ideas in two sentences instead of suspense one, or rewriting two longer sentences as one shorter sentence. Teaching Essay! So, go over your first draft, looking for suspense techniques, ways of globalization improving sentence structure, tense usage and suspense techniques, vocabulary. 3. Organise your essay into department hialeah, three parts: Introduction- Paragraph 1- Introduce the suspense techniques topic. The opening should engage the reader’s interest and on Artificial Reef, give a hint of what is to follow. Main Body- Normally you have two paragraphs. Techniques! In Paragraph 2, you state your arguments for and in human, Paragraph 3, your arguments against. Conclusion– In paragraph 4 you refer back to the topic and techniques, summarize. Here you can say why you find one side more convincing than the anime stances other. 4. Suspense Techniques! It’s important that you begin each paragraph with a main idea and Essay on Artificial Reef, then develop this idea.
For a new idea, begin a new paragraph. Techniques! 5. This is academic writing, so don’t use informal style ( no contractions, colloquial words, or emotional language). 6. Globalization! Remember to techniques, use a variety of structures and harvard generator tool, vocabulary adequate to suspense, your level. Essay! Step 2. Presentation + sample essay (reinforcing ). Step 3. Techniques! Using connectors of contrast. Job Description! Using connectors is important to techniques, express different relationships between ideas. Here, you#8217;ll learn how to anime stances, use connectors of contrast. Read the flyer below to learn how to suspense, use: despite/in spite of, nevertheless, however, on Teaching, the other hand, although, even though, though, yet, still, but and while/whereas.
At the suspense end of the flyer there are some interactive exercises to Essay, test your knowledge. Step 3. Using connectors of purpose. Now we learn how to express purpose with the following words: to, in order to, so as to, for, so that and in case. Test your knowledge. Suspense Techniques! Step 5. Write: 53 topics to tool, write about. Techniques! Pdf here. Globalization! Are you ready to write now? Here#8217;s a compilation of 53 for and against topics to write about from different sites and course books. Take your pick, follow all the suspense techniques tips and anime stances, guidelines and good luck! Should schools start later in suspense techniques, the morning? Benefits of teaching children second languages early on.
The pros and cons of single gender classrooms. Generator! Is sex education the job of parents or of the school? The pros and cons of reduction of physical education hours in techniques, our current school system. The pros and Essay on Artificial, cons of security cameras in schools. Suspense! Pros and cons of a 4-day school week. Should parents pay students for Teaching, good grades?
The pros and cons of bilingual or dual language education. Suspense! The pros and anime stances, cons of wearing a uniform. The pros and cons of banning junk food in schools. Should sexual education be taught in high schools? The education a child receives at home from having parents who are positive role models is more important than the suspense techniques academic education a child receives at school. Anime Stances! To what extent do you agree or disagree? Plastic surgery- vanity or need? Is vegetarianism a healthy diet? One of the largest parts of suspense government expenditure is health.
Some people argue that this money would be better spent on anime stances, health education on the principle that prevention is better than cure. Techniques! To what extent do you agree or disagree? Should parents be allowed to kaffir boy, choose their child#8217;s gender? Pros and cons of having exotic animals as home pets? Should advertising for suspense, plastic surgery be illegal? Should priests be celibate? What does everyone think about zoo animals? Is it a good or a bad thing? Does legal prostitution reduce crime? To what extent is the use of animals in harvard tool, scientific research acceptable?
Discuss the pros and cons. Suspense! Some people argue that the amount of violence shown in anime stances, films and on techniques, television has led to for kids, an increase in violent crimes in society. Do you agree with this argument? Should the government control what is shown on television and in the cinema? Should rich countries forgive all debts for poor countries? The pros and cons of suspense techniques children under the age of of public 10 playing video games. Techniques! The pros and cons of film, television, and music piracy. Should kids under the age of of transmission 13 have a phone? Advantages and disadvantages of techniques digital spying on kids and teens. Anime Stances! The pros and cons of owning an techniques, electric car.
Have we become too dependent on technology? Discuss the pros and department hialeah, cons. Techniques! Should students be allowed to have cell phones in elementary and resources job description, high schools? Should we ban the suspense techniques sale of anime stances violent video games? Some people say that the suspense Internet is making the world smaller by bringing people together. To what extent do you agree that the Internet is making it easier for anime stances, people to communicate with one another? Should pro wrestling be considered a sport?
Should sport hunting be banned? Many people want their country to techniques, hold the Olympics. Teaching! Others believe that international sporting events bring more problems than benefits. Discuss both views and state your opinion. In the future, we will have more and suspense, more leisure time as machines replace many of the Essay tasks we do at home and work. Discuss the techniques benefits this will bring and chain of transmission, also the problem it will cause.
It is suspense said that travel broadens the mind. What can we learn by travelling to on Artificial, other countries? Should we first explore our own countries? Discuss. In many countries tourism is a major part of the economy, but it also causes environmental damage and ruins the places it exploits. It is suspense techniques argued that tourists should pay an additional tax to compensate for this damage. Do you agree? Should museums and art galleries be free of charge for human resources job description, the general public, or should a charge, even a voluntary charge, be levied for suspense, admittance?
Discuss this issue, and give your opinion. Unemployment is one of the most serious problems facing developed nations today. What are the advantages and/or disadvantages of reducing the Teaching working week to thirty five hours? Most high level jobs are done by men. Suspense! Should the government encourage a certain percentage of Teaching the New-Learner these jobs to be reserved for suspense techniques, women? Should retirement be compulsory at 65 years of age?
Differences between countries become less evident each year. Nowadays, all over the world people share the chain of transmission same fashions, advertising, brands, eating habits and suspense, TV channels. Human Resources! What are the advantages and suspense, disadvantages of this? Television has had a significant influence on the culture of many societies. To what extent would you say that television has positively or negatively affected the cultural development of harvard your society?
Some people like living in a house, while others prefer an suspense, apartment. Are there more advantages than disadvantages to living in a house rather than in Essay Reef, an apartment? FAMILY AND RELATIONSHIPS. Suspense Techniques! The pros and cons of gay marriage. Human Job Description! Some parents choose not to suspense techniques, have a television at human job description home because of the techniques influence on works hialeah, their children.
Is this a good or a bad thing? Some people believe in the traditional idea that the woman’s place is in the home, while others say that idea is outdated and that women should play an techniques, increasingly important role in the workplace of the future. What is department your opinion? People are now living longer than ever before and suspense techniques, many old people are unable to look after themselves. On Artificial! Some people believe that it is the suspense responsibility of on Artificial families to look after the elderly, while others say governments should provide retirement homes for them where they can be looked after properly. Discuss. Are women better parents than men? If children behave badly, should their parents accept responsibility and suspense techniques, also be punished? 13 thoughts on “ Five Steps to Writing a Good For and chain of transmission, Against Essay ” The powerpoint like document is not working properly. Suspense Techniques! Some words overlap others and it makes it difficult to read sometimes.
Anyway, thanks for sharing, it#8217;s very useful, Which powerpoint do you refer to? I#8217;ve tested everything visual on the post and it seems to be working fine. Department Works Hialeah! Thanks a lot for sharing us this material. I really appreciate it. You#8217;re welcome! I am glad you find it useful!
Just to let you know that we’ve shortlisted this blog post for suspense, this month’s TeachingEnglish blog award and I’ll be putting up a post about it on anime stances, tomorrow’s TeachingEnglish Facebook page http://www.facebook.com/TeachingEnglish.BritishCouncil, if you’d like to check there for techniques, likes and comments. Thanks a lot, Ann! This is quite interesting topic and Essay, students can have variety of suspense techniques words to Essay, write on. Writing an essay just needs clear instruction and valuable content. Suspense! This is Teaching the New-Learner basic requirement of essay because without clear concept we can#8217;t write well. Suspense Techniques! Also i want to say that writing will describe your thinking as well so always try to remain positive and globalization for kids, determined to suspense, your task. Your rules of globalization for kids hypenation seem to not be for suspense, English words and spellings. I think that your current rules are perhaps for Spanish. That makes this kind of hypenation: Since #8220;th#8221; is a digraph, you have to hyphenate: Where is chain #8220;although#8221; hyphenated exactly?
I can#8217;t see it anywhere! This is all very useful. Thanks a lot.. Suspense Techniques! Thanks for of transmission, your comment! Thanks very much for sharing your For and Against Presentation but it does not work quite well. Words overlap, some of them are not separated#8230; it is difficult to stop the presentation.. Techniques! Which presentation are you referring to? There are three.
I#8217;ve just checked all of them and kaffir boy, they seem to techniques, be working fine.
Do My Homework Fast - ELEMENTS OF SUSPENSE IN LITERATURE by Lori Jordan on Prezi
Buy Finance Essay - Techniques for Creating and Sustaining Suspense and Tension
Nov 17, 2017 Suspense techniques,
office resume wizard Wizard's Corner #68 8 June 2013. Yes, we're all too aware of the large gap in our reporting here at Wizard's Corner ! A close reading of a major ancient Greek writer (=Plato) lets us know that the world-order only came about techniques, after a craftsmanlike struggle, some of the ornery (or as he calls it, the necessity) down here being things like fear, spite and Essay on Artificial Reef and such all-too-human weaknesses. Plato doesn't mention Sloth, there at Timaeus 53 b, but he could have. In Timaeus 53 he says The Divine Craftsman needs help from us humans, overcoming some of our weakneses. One other telling point to be made here, about newly released glimpses of a medieval manuscript, bringing us Plato's actual words. Plato also shows definite signs of believing that the total count of the suspense techniques Grand Cosmologist's worlds = 2. We have a newly released item in evidence.
The Marciana library in Venice calls their book Gr. IV, 1. Quite possibly it was Plato himself -- o himself [pace the Oxford editors and kaffir boy just about all other editors) we now have newly released evidence, from that very ms., -- its folium 260r -- to confirm this belief of Plato's own : There are TWO worlds calling on the cosmogonist writer to count them, perhaps up to FIVE primal factors (p. 55c) . Plato wants to refer to them with the suspense techniques pointer-word το?τω (dual-number !) Back to the down-here part, where our windmills operate. Between the the New-Learner Essay two machines, they have logged in 6,773 days, somewhat over 20machine-years of time period counting all the days for both.
An impressive sum. Suspense. If you so-to-speak 'poured together' all of kaffir boy their output energy, you'd have (roughly) 42,800,000 KWhs. Suspense Techniques. Try out chain of transmission, this simple 'monetising' move now: take ten cents as the average value to the town (6 and a half for suspense the raw wholesale energy value and 3 and a half for the 'GreenTags' revenue, some 3 years of this still under contract between ourselves and Harvard, pending our deliveries the coming 3 years). Globalization For Kids. This means the town has already, with the machines only half as old as their full life-expectancy -- are on suspense techniques, the plus-side of the money accounting, $1 million paying in full for the installation of kaffir boy HW1 and $3.2 million paying for HW2. Look back to the Wizards Corner entries from 2006 and earlier. This will look like good results so far, not so ? Possibly Harvard will want to re-enlist for more of our GreenTags around this time in 2016 ? Their library's electronic collection of ancient authors has already shown some interest in our Wizards's copy of Gr. IV, 1 (44 GB in all).
Admittedly, Widener's interet has so far been less than that of suspense David J. Kaffir Boy. Murphy from suspense techniques, Nightingale-Bamford and Stefano Martinelli Tempesta of anime stances Milano Universita -- but still some true interest. Time will tell. Meantime, what is the precise meaning of the words [sorry about the halting Greek letters; it was a choice between this present and some still worse-looking Greek: More on this later. Wizards Corner #67, 20 December 2012. We picked up an error in one of our count-of-days figures. Since commissioning, our two machines have a total day-count as follows: HW 1 11 years less 7 days (three of suspense them leap-years) 4,011 days. HW 2 6 years plus 230 days (two of chain of transmission them leap-years) 2,422 days. These figures have been corrected on the Homepage, and on the blogsite www.hullwind.com. The corrected values result in techniques an improvement in the CF's of both machines, a fracn of a percentage point for HW1.
For HW2 no correction was needed. Do have a look at www.hullwind.com site, which includes some blogs from a wind-opponent. He appears to agree with the opinion that ISO and the grid do NOT need any new generation in the coming 10 years. And some of his colleagues play on words by putting WIND into the middle of the word sWINDle (i.e. why windpower does not work). Resources. This North Shore man also has said that he has changed from being a wind-advocate in Massachusetts. He comes forward now as a wind-opponent here, after (he says) studying the facts and figures of windpower, for example in Maine. If you agree with him, you might want to post something there, your arguments included. Just today I noticed in the Town of Hull's annual report for 2010 (its p. 148) their muni light department reported $207,512.
This does not take into account the approximately $415,000 of wholesale electricity at techniques, 7 cents -- electric energy and capacity that Hull's light company avoided buying because it was produced locally. Maybe a KWh grown locally doesn't taste that much better than one you import [contrast a homegrown tomato], but it sure has that special tang of local-pride. You may get a flavor or local controversy from this Op-Ed piece by anime stances the Chairman of Hull's Light Board. Suspense. He notes that the Town Manager, by charging his Light Dept a startlingly high rent for its small plot at the town lanfill (i.e. $200,000/yr for resources each of 3 successive years) -- has harvested something like 7 times the going-rate for rentals of this type. A negotiated settlement was reached after months of frank expressions of views, Town Manager vs.
Light Board. You, O Reacer, may well be able to write further chapters of this story all by yourself. Will this or the next Manager make another raid on his favorite enterprise department in the coming few years ? Of course your narrative will conscientiously abstain from thinking of any of Hull's citizens as unfair or greedy, or protective of our windpower profits, enterprisingly and fairly won, -- right ? Here's a snippet from the Board's Op-Ed of 17 Feb 2012 : Wizard's Corner #66, 8 Nov 2012. The election is over, and the man pushing for the ProductionTaxCredits to techniques, expire (for windpower)has been decisively defeated. American Wind Energy Association has put out a post-election press release expressing cautious optimism that the kaffir boy upcoming 'Lame Duck' congress will likely support an suspense, extension of these credits. One of their arguments -- and it is backed by some careful fact-checkers -- is that Bloomberg Energy News documents this following point about comparitive publlic-support mechanisms (i.e. public incentives). The point: fossil fuel interests out-score renewables by a ratio of anime stances 12:1 in this matter of public support and suspense incentives to provide energy. Hurricane 'Sandy' arrived in globalization for kids Hull, Scituate, Falmouth and Fairhaven at approximately the same hour of the same day. That was noon of 29 October, 2012. We are in suspense techniques process of creating graphs of the output of the various megawatt-scale windturbines in those towns.
Meantime have a look at Essay on Artificial Reef, the graph for Scituate -- which sent the output from peak high in the forenoon directly to Zero as the excessive windspeeds shut the turbine down. Just as promptly at 8 PM, when the suspense speeds of wind at hubheight moderated to less than 50 mph, the anime stances machine jumped from Zero right back up to peak power. We are informed that the 10-turbine array near Hancock Mass. operated by MMWEC was ready to resume production as early as 6 PM that same storm day (the 29th), but that substation outages prevented the grid from accepting their output power. So they had to remain shut down some 24 hrs., while voltage was restored to the substations. Hull and Scituate were more fortunate, in maintaining their local voltage and suspense techniques grid power.
More fortunate both in the direction of the end-users (like ourselves at Teaching the New-Learner Essay, WizCrnr here in Hull and like the suspense families of our colleages J.S. and J. H. of Scituate), -- and in the direction of our megawatt-rated wind turbines, which lost only a few hours of production. Similarly for kaffir boy Falmouth's Notus 1 and its Wastewater machine. If we can get reports from techniques, Princeton Muni Light Dept, or from anime stances, Ipswich -- or from other wind projects in the Commonwealth, and if we get permission to put these up on the web -- we surely will do this. Wizard's Corner #65, 19 May 2012. 1. Suspense Techniques. Flash! This week's edition of Hull's weekly newspaper ('The Hull Times', Thurs, May 17, 2012) reported some remarks by a candidate for Hull Light Board. The election will happen 48 hours from chain of transmission, now. Election Day is Monday, May 21st. This candidate is reported (p.
5) as saying this about Hull Wind II: [it] is down most of the time. If our local electorate prefers truth to error, -- and if they vote against candidates who fail to do fact-checking before making such false assertions -- that remark will likely lose him votes. The same candidate is also reported to be promising the public more transparency about the techniques windmills, adding that he thinks that the public deserves regular reports, on Teaching the New-Learner Essay, a monthly basis. Such a candidate ! In recent years those familiar with the homepage of techniques hullwind.org have become accustomed to reports much more frequent than that. And we're more free from factual errors too. But who knows, this candidate may get elected. If he does, this victory will get publicised in the Hull Times. Not here, however.
Well, that's democracy for you. As a prominent Soviet statesman once said about democracy: the globalization trouble with it is that you don't know who is going to win a given election until Election Day is passed. Ask us someday what is meant here a WizCrnr by our home-made akronym SIPx . Hint: the second letter stands for Ignorance. 2. Suspense Techniques. On a sweeter, more positive note now, the recently developing story of windpower in Scituate, Mass. [it's 20 May now] Scituate did a full-scale dedication ceremony of their new windmill, at the town's landfill site. This dedication was deliberately scheduled to coincide with this year's Earth Day -- on Sunday Apr. 22nd. Their superb planning earned high praises at the dedication. Praises from anime stances, Rick Sullivan, Governor Patrick's Energy Czar and from the chief of the State's DOER, from Senator Robert Hedlund and from others. This Scituate turbine is exactly like the one commissioned October 14, 2011 in suspense Charlestown for human job description the MWRA. These in turn are identical in both make and model to what are now planned for commissioning in techniques Fairhaven Mass. later this year.
Including the MWRA unit in Charlestown, there are to be a total of four (4) Sinovel 1.5MW units in operation by Essay the end of 2012 in suspense Massachusetts. We were able to globalization for kids, take a reading at Town of Scituate's (admirably 'transparent') output meter. It is there in plain view at suspense, their landfill. Our crew took readings both days -- i.e. 22 April (noon) and today 20 May (also noon). Human Resources Job Description. A 28 day total, therefore. Here are ourtwo readings: Apr 22 198,872 KWh. May 20 436,771 KWh diff.=237,899 KWh. This production can reasonably be put into the formula 237,899/28/24/1500 to yield their CF.
It calculates to 23.6 %, somewhat better than we did here at HW2 in that same period. Later this summer the work on reinforcing the MWRA machine's foundation is to suspense techniques, be completed, and we can run parallel calculations for anime stances them. During that same 28 days Notus1 in suspense techniques Falmouth maintained its admirably high CF. In this past 28 days Notus1 showed a CF slightly over 31 %. Ask Dan Webb of NotusCleanEnergy if we've miscalculated his numbers. We're pretty sure his past four weeks scored 30% or better.
Bravo Falmouth ! Bravo Dan Webb ! As in all such work, where you are measuring and anime stances calculating, you are better off double-checking, cross-checking and techniques reviewing your comparisons. Here at WizCrnr we have come across cases of meter-A not agreeing precisely with meter-B, but both claiming to measure the same thing. Chain. That has meant some serious re-calibrations and re-calculations were required. One such case involved a hydro plant in the Catskill Mountain region in suspense New York many years back. We had direct access to chain, the critical information there. In that case the utility company had to re-calculate. Somehow the techniques utility-calibrated meter had resulted in their (the utility's) under-paying its bill to an independent producer of renewable energy.
Wizard's Corner #64, 16 May 2012. 1. Job Description. Just last week we got fuller info on what's behind our major flow of techniques 'visitors' from Poland. Have a look at this newly published reporting SALZBERGEN, GERMANYMay 8, 2012GE (NYSE: GE) will supply 38 wind turbines for four wind projects in on Artificial Reef construction in Northern Poland. When operational, these projects, referred to collectively as Darlowo Wind Energy CenterPhase Two (DarlowoPhase Two), will mark the first use of GE’s 2.5-megawatt class wind turbines that feature 103-meter rotors for high productivity in Poland. Invenergy Wind LLC (Invenergy) and Polish development company Enerco sp. Techniques. z o.o. (Enerco) are collaborating to develop nine wind energy generation projects in the region in and around Darlowo, near the Baltic Sea. GE provided 32 wind turbines for DarlowoPhase One, which was fully commissioned in chain March 2011 and today produces 80 megawatts of suspense techniques power. DarlowoPhase One is comprised of the Weikowice, Jezyce and Dobieslaw projects.
DarlowoPhase Two, comprised of the Essay Reef Boryszewo, Krupy, Stary Jaroslaw and Nowy Jaroslaw facilities, will bring the total installed capacity of wind energy in the Darlowo area to 175 megawatts. DarlowoPhase Three will consist of two additional projectsGorzyca and techniques Pekaninowhich currently are under contract. These sites will boost the aggregate output of the nine Darlowo projects to 250 megawatts. Name of Invenergy's President ? Michael Polsky. Anime Stances. We're betting that, if he looks at Wizards Corner #53, of 10 Dec 2010, Mr. Polsky will see why we have a special warmth for our friends in Poland -- before, during and after their new collaboration with our U.S.A. company General Electric. He is even likely to be able to read the suspense Polish in that letter of 1945. Perhaps he will even know of one or more of the anime stances highly honored military men who signed that letter in 1945 ? Do let us know, Mr. Polsky, if you read these messages. . . 2. Happy 6th birthday to Hull Wind 2, which turned 6 years old on 4 May 2012 -- having harvested 22,602,890 KWh's in those 6 years.
3. Please notice that Poland remains one of suspense techniques our top-10 sources of visitors, by nation. Interesting that Vietnam and Cambodia are now rising in the ranks, in Essay this same list: Wizard's Corner #63, 02 Mar 2012. There is an Energy Club, it seems, at Tufts. Bravo Tufts.
Let's see how much of a bump-in-voltage this can give us here at WizCrnr -- perhaps allowing us to suspense techniques, do some mirroring/echoing of this and Essay that specimen of powerdash.com realtime output info. Which this ? Which that ? Well for starters, how about Notus 1 ? How about Bread Roses solar ? Perhaps MWRA's Sinovel 1.5 too ? We'll see. Our Commonwealth should be so wealthy, and so willing to make the info-wealth common property. Suspense. So say Wiz1 and chain of transmission Wiz2. It is suspense affirmatively a sadness to us here at human, WizCrnr, but yet in all it deserves to be reported: HW2 has been idled for suspense techniques over 14 days now -- a period during which HW2 has scored Zero, whilst HW1 had put out more than 70,000 KWh's. (In August, this discrepancy would not likely be so great, of course.) The trouble is with HW2's generator. Globalization For Kids. The precise nature of the suspense techniques trouble is still under the careful monitoring of the anime stances Vestas warranty--maintenance people. Techniques. They have so far narrowed the problem down to (a) something local to the output terminals or (b) something alas, deeper within the Essay generator itself. Either way, more work will be needed in the coming week to suspense, complete the diagnosis and chain move ahead on remedies. Those of suspense you who are like us her in Hull in being able to see HW2's blades, and observe their idleness, may find it a relief to have an expected time-of-renewed-operation. Our prognosis, based on a report from late in chain the morning on 2 March -- is as follows. HW2 is expected to return to techniques, service sometime shortly before St.
Patrick's day, March 17th. Not a bad day for celebrating, St. Pat's Day (a.k.a Evacuation Day). One Hull family is even growing some shamrocks, purchased at on Artificial, a local market in Hull. After all it's only a short distance across the Atlantic, from Hull's shores -- either to Kilrush or Doonbeg in County Clare, -- or to Arklow on Ireland's far coast Arklow is where the world is learning ever more new things about windpower. Learning the sweeter on account of the many shamrocks looking on, feeling the beneficent breezes alongside.
Wizard's Corner #62, 18 Feb 2012. Please exercise your wizardry (the exegetic side of this) on the following pair of texts, Dear E-Reader: (1) e-published in techniques late 2011 and Teaching the New-Learner Essay echoed in Wizcrnr #61: [businesses and cities have dutifully reported to] Carbon Disclosure Project in 2011, perhaps swayed by CDP's 551 investor members, who use the information in techniques deciding where to place more than $71 trillion in investment capital. (2) e-published 17 Feb 2012 : [Jeff Zelkowitz] Chief financial officers and Reef investor relations officers. Techniques. . .[need to learn about] tracking and communicating [their company's] sustainability, so that it can be effectively digested by financial constituencies and for kids reflected in the market’s opinion of the stock. This particular analyst clearly holds that 'ESG factors' (Environmental, Social and Governance) will repay the CFO's time and effort to move towards sustainability. Even if this particular CFO's time and effort may command a high price. [please see the WizCrnr # 67, for 20 Dec 2012 -- with a flashback to Feb 17, 2012 and the famous raid on Hull Light's treasury. How much money was lifted ? Answer: in one way of looking at it, $600,000. In another way (an impecunious uncle robbing a rich nephew), $0.] Wizard's Corner #61, 19 Jan 2012.
Today's posting of new data lets us look back on the full 10-years of production at HW1, 15,571,884 KWh's net of electricity consumed at the turbine site itself. Suspense. Yearly average of 1,572,000, approximately, less than half a percentage point away from the globalization for kids 1,565,000 predicted by Roger Bacon and Mike Lynch of MMWEC 11 years ago now. Roger and Mike aren't about to techniques, cry over that very minor difference being on the favorable-to-MMWEC side, either. Anime Stances. They always like to estimate on the conservative side. Suspense. Here they turned out to be just one-household on the conservative side in their estimates. Chain. Nor are we about to cry here in Hull. We overproduced by enough energy to light the streetlights along Nantasket Avenue (at no cost to the town), for 10 years -- that's just the overage. Our production numbers didn't show that much year-on-year variation either. Nice, stable flow, in other words, of a commodity (emissionfree energy) that is compound marketable. Compound in this sense: under prevailing laws in our Commonwealth this past 10 years, we in Hull have been able to market both the suspense techniques 'underlying commodity', i.e. the anime stances electrical energy measured in suspense MWh's, and also something else. Kaffir Boy. We can market (a sheer addition to our revenues) the 'attribute' or quality of its mode of production.
What is now fashionable to call its 'greenness'. In a metaphorical sense, we are able to suspense, sell both the 'colorless' energy [ask soon about on Artificial, marketing that other colorless commodity, 'capacity-credits', OK?], -- and also compound our revenue flow by techniques selling its 'greenness'. Color coding like this is now widely recognised. Much more widely than back in 2000 when Roger and Mike and Hull were doing our early estimating. Often the specialist term 'sustainability' is substituted for chain this idea of greenness. That term 'sustainability' is one launched by suspense techniques Lester Brown's 1970's book Building a Sustainable Society.
Try this experiment. Try to find a college program with 'sustainable' in its title in the late 1970s. Like the Teaching the New-Learner Essay 'Sustainability' Masters degree at Harvard today. Or try to find publications with that specialist word in their titles, back then, 30 years ago (when Earthday was still new). Then do a Google search for titles from year-2011.
You'll probably a 100-fold increase since Lester B's day, in suspense the use of Lester's term of art 'sustainable'. This attribute has become far more widely recognised just in these past ten years. Do you doubt there are truly forces out there working in anime stances favor of this kind of sustainability ? Consider this: A published report in December of suspense 2011 Four Sustainability Trends that will shape 2012, this strong point came out. A group set up to monitor (The Carbon Disclosure Project) reported that over 80% of Global 500 firms, voluntarily reported on their climate change policies. The article used the anime stances famous 'understatement' device when it wrote perhaps these decisions were swayed by the CDP's 551 investor members, who use the info in deciding where to place more than $71 trillion in investment capital. Further, this same CDP asked 58 cities worldwide to report on their sustainability progress. [yes, hullwind thinks worldwide, or why do we keep getting hits from Ukraine, or Netherlands, or Romania or Spain or the Czech Republic?] How many cities responded ? 42 of them did, and suspense techniques 38 of these 42 made their responses public. We know what that means, don't we, dear E-Reader ? Transparency is our middle name here at globalization for kids, WizardsCorner. We preach it here. We practice it too. Imagine yourself in the position of Mr. CDP or Mr.
WXY, and you have $71 trillion in your pocket. Suspense. Will you get the attention of corporations ? Will they want to listen to your lectures on sustainability ? Enough said. At the chain same time that Hull Muni Light sold each MWh of the colorless commodity (electric energy) it got further credit for suspense an additional colorless item, (electric capacity). This latter is an item often left out of account in Essay the analyses of these matters. Call this commodity colorless2, where the Energy was colorless1. It is helpful to suspense techniques, the transmission grid (even if it is a grid your Municipality itself owns) to avoid the costs of putting up new or fatter wires, to accommodate the kaffir boy 'traffic flow' of the Amps and Watts demanded by us end-users. Suspense Techniques. As we put our energy up onto this grid at the near end of it, we are being helpful to the grid, and human resources job description measurably so. We're letting the system benefit from something negative, something avoided. A form of suspense Nega-watts (capacity or demand). This is the the New-Learner Essay same as the room needed by the grid's wires, -- for distributing the power in the more standard ways of distribution.
That is, running it for medium to large distances along high-voltage lines ('transmission' voltage, it's called), then stepping it down in voltage when it gets nearer to our local town. You're a distributed generator from the point of techniques view of those CentralUnits, the big generating plants twenty to Essay on Artificial, fifty to a hundred miles away. Your being out near the end of their lines allows these big guys to shed load, or avoid the need to generate and distribute for distant customers. We can hold back from details about 'locational marginal pricing', but you can lilkely imagine what is involved there. That's the system, giving $$ compensation to those in favorable locations, by favoring them in turn in the regulated pricing schemes. Make sense ? There is a multi-megawatt powerplant just 40 miles or so from Hull, to our south.
It's in Plymouth, Mass., where the famous Rock also is. It's called Pilgrim, and runs on nuclear power. Just recently there has been a citizen group, Pilgrim Alliance, calling on the Entergy Company of New Orleans (they own the suspense techniques Pilgrim plant) about taking care of chain of transmission some safety issues. It's a classic central-generating unit, megawatts by suspense the thousand, all 'radiating' (so to globalization for kids, speak) out along transmission and distribution lines from the center point near Plymouth, Mass. It has come up for re-licensing. Can it keep doing business as usual for another 20 years ? No, say some residents in the nearby town, or not without some safety conditions needing to be imposed. So here comes a set of concerned, -- even at times irate, -- citizens. Call us DistributedEnergy people, call us 99% people, call us Occupy people, call us anything you want, but don't call us slackers when it comes to helping our fellow-citizens make our grids more responsible, transparent, and safe. Bay State here, Bayou State there, Hull, Hingham and suspense techniques Scituate love* you one and all. It's amazing, by the way how much fits inside our little Plymouth County over anime stances, and beyond Plymouth Rock: Kingston Mass., Scituate Mass.
Duxbury Mass., Marshfield, Mass., Hull Mass. -- all places where windpower is suspense making progress. This group of citizen activists calls itself Pilgrim Alliance, and chain it has begun to press a further question, alongside those about safety. Why not install a sizeable array (or 'flock') of wind-turbines on suspense techniques, the outskirts of that nuclear plant itself ? Naturally, such an kaffir boy, array would be able to techniques, take advantage of Entergy's switchgear, or substation capacity, likely not saturated even as much as 10% of the time. There's lots of secrecy about Pilgrim's total capacity and production history. But satellite imagery lets us know that there are certainly a hundred acres or so that could be dedicated to a wind-and-solar project. The local winds are not at all bad, on a par with those in Marshfield, Duxbury and Kingston. Don't quote us, but WizCrnr will shoot-from-the-hip and say at kaffir boy, hub-height of 80 m, Pilgrim's windspeeds won't be more than 1 m/s below Hull's speeds, or Dan Webb's slightly higher speeds.
Dan is at Technology Park in Falmouth. This citizen initiative is suspense asking that the owner's company, Entergy, have its renewed license DELAYED, until certain safety issues linked to the Fukushima reactor's meltdown have been dealt with in more than a superficial and iffy manner. Iffy and whenny, one might say this. Imagine a little encampment there in Plymouth, promising to de-camp if-and-when the Nuclear Regulatory Commission encodes some safety conditions. Enforceable conditions, that is. 'Enforceable' matters, does it not ? We have kindly asked Jon Corzine and the MF Global company he led to limit his stealing (within any given 5-year period at least) to sums less than $1 billion dollars. Essay Reef. Our Obama Administration's Justice Dept. seems to think imposing such laws on a kindly man like Jon Corzine excessive government interference. Techniques. Too rule-of-law. So their current stance appears to be: unless political pressures force us to take notice, we will treat petty thefts like a billion $$ or so over a 5 year period as not worth criminalising or penalising.
Bro. Holder's attorneys may soon wake up and think they have a stake in this matter. Even a sworn duty to do something about it. Stay tuned. Coming back to kaffir boy, our topic, the techniques 'colorless2 factor' : to get another view of this and its market value, try this. Work backwards from what appears on your bill, or anyhow on the bill of the supermarket you shop at, or at some other large commercial user, such as a hockey rink. Work backwards from the item called Demand Charges.
What service is the bill-paying consumer being charged for, under the name of 'Demand' ? Well this is nothing other than Capacity-when-thought-of-backwards. For Kids. The grid's capacity has to be upgraded or increased if your hockey rink's Demand increases. So the managers of the grid charge the suspense techniques rink managers money for this. Anime Stances. [we know somebody like this; she calls herself Michelle, or 'rinkrat' for techniques short. she's a demanding rat, and likely wouldn't mind our saying so]. Helping the chain of transmission grid system to Not-Need to do these upgrades, or even helping them delay making such upgrades is managing things smart, from their point of suspense view. Demand Side Management it's sometimes called. Smart-and-valuable in chain that the whole system is Managing its Demand smarter, thus limiting its need for Capacity upgrades.
Those of us out here near the end of their lines, -- call us distributed producers -- deserve a credit (in $$). Not just not just praise and other forms of intangible benefits (rinkrat likes us, which is gratifying). Market prices of such capacity credits vary widely, of course. But one figure we've come across recently is $4/KW-month, or $48/KW-year. If HW1 continues with its established Watt-Bar performance, 175 KW, this 'room on the wires' colorless commodity would be worth $8,400 per year. More of this colorless commodity is available from Younger Brother. Call HW1 'Apollo' and call the younger brother 'Hermes'. This very youngster got quite the techniques abusive treatment in the early chapters of job description Plato's Laws , Bk XII. Call Plato 'son of Apollo'; call Younger Socrates 'Philip, or son of techniques Hermes'. Kaffir Boy. Hermes is the suspense Mercurial younger brother of Apollo; he's the merchandiser and messenger.
He's also god of under-the-radar revenue production. The god of crooks. The Telecoms immunity god. (Glenn Greenwald might be writing about Teaching the New-Learner Essay, Him in his 2011 book With Liberty and justice for SOME , especially the chapter on under-the-radar politics, Immunity for sale, Telecoms buying, pp. 82-93.) In any case, between the two of suspense techniques these extra credits, often kept on Essay on Artificial Reef, the outside of financial analyses, from colorless commodity #2, one can pay maintenance on the Apollo machine, as the market now sets these costs. That's apart from any sales of the techniques big underlying commodity, the globalization colorless MWh's themselves. Which are way up there in monetary value. More than double the value of those bonuses.
What about techniques, those other marketable commodities, which make us at on Artificial, Hull Light compound marketers ? Well let's simplify by leaving aside the suspense techniques Federal credits (just now expiring for HW1, but still due to us for another 5 years for HW2). What about the resources 'green-certificates', or 'RenewableEnergyCertificates' ? This is the so-called 'voluntary' REC market. Well here too you have market variability. Suspense. In its first 10 years HW1 was able to market, on top of the pair of human underlying commodities, this 'greenness', at a market rate at or above $30/MWh. HW1 therefore harvested 'green' or 'sustainability' revenues of approximately 15 thousand (MWh's) times $30, or $450,000. This 'bonus' money [if you feel that these bonuses are fragile, don't forget, our friend Mr. CDP is out there proving that yes, Hull deserves the bonuses that we multi-trillionaires believe in, they really do !] will have roughly paid us back something near the initial purchase price of the machine. And do recall, the bonus we're talking about here costs the taxpayer nothing. It's the techniques 'voluntary' market. It's good guys rewarding us for being nice guys -- not bad guys like Government and the TaxMan [we're for the sake of argument assuming the really odd idea, the Anti-Occupy idea, that Government is necessarily a Bad Guy. untrue, but many people, even out here among us 99%, believe it].
Naturally, one doesn't do right to crow unreasonably or unseasonably about Teaching the New-Learner Essay, one's bonuses. It is unseemly. But recall well what Bloomberg Business News reported about a year ago: if you want a direct, no-nonsense answer to your question so who gets more government subsidies, renewables or fossil fuel companies?, take our word for it,-- us here at suspense techniques, Bloomberg Business News -- you renewable good-guys are out-competed for Essay on Artificial Reef public subsidies by your fossil fuel brethren by a ratio of about 12:1. Occupy Fossil Fuel lobbyist offices ! Level the techniques playing field ! OK, so how has HW1 done during the first half of its expected 20-yr lifespan ? Well it has not only paid for itself (initial costs plus maintenance), but it's had leftover revenue to pay down the on Artificial costs of its younger brother HW2. And as the older brother enters his 11th year, it still has a signed contract for 4 years into the future of suspense 'green bonus' credits. Globalization For Kids. We get a reduced rate, yes; but this is still a far cry from 10 years ago, when we lacked any contract at all. No predictability at suspense techniques, all. And no Mr. Human Resources. CDP the multi-trillionaire on suspense, our side either. We've heard the anime stances suggestion recently: why not put up a Third Turbine in Hull ? It might take Apollo and Hermes working together. But brothers sometimes do that.
They aren't always quarreling with each other. [Speaking of Love: ask Sage Radachowsky what's Love got to do with it?. Tell him Wizard has been talking about him. Wizard says: Sage knows the deeper relations among these items: Love, Boston's Homeless people, Evolutionary Biology, Plymouth County's 'No Nuclear Fuel, LLC' 6MW windfarm, re-licensing of a nuclear power plant, Watt-Bar's of power, WJFF radio, OccupyBoston, www.OBR.FM, and JS Bach arranged for homemade guitar and Dewey Square]. Try clicking on 'OccupyBostonRadio', the link just one line up from here. Suspense Techniques. And ask more about Sage R. He's an Occupier . Still more visits from The Ukraine and The Czech Republic in recent weeks. Look how China has sunk lower -- except in bandwidth ! Wizard's Corner #60, 07 Dec 2011. Try out globalization, this calculation -- with just 20 days left till HW1's TENTH ANNIVERSARY: to reach ten times our predicted annual-average production, our total 20 days from suspense techniques, today should be 15,650,000.
So the anime stances target we must hit is 15,650,000 - 15478,006, that is: 171,994 KWh's . It is unlikely we'll do quite that well in the coming 20 days, but remember two things: (1) even if we only produce half that number (I mean 86,000 KWh's), our 10-year expectation will be not a tenth of a percentage point away what we predicted (with Roger Bacon's help) 11 years ago now. Techniques. That's what's called Roger and Hull hit it right on the money. (2) some mid-Decembers in anime stances Hull are really quite windy. We might do better than that modest goal of 86,000 KWh's. Right now OccupyBoston is talking about the 'American Spring' of 2012. Good winds in Hull now, good winds of change between now and techniques 20 days from now. The Tar Sands pipeline may be in retreat by then, Jon Corzine may be headed for Reef his indictment, and the various Occupy's should be advancing, thinking ahead to Spring. Like OWS and like AdBusters, these insurgents don't think small, and they don't think short-term only. In any case, be sure that China, the Netherlands, Russia and the Ukraine are watching us. They all think ahead. Suspense. And they march too.
Wizard's Corner #59, 10 Nov 2011. Soon we will be reaching the Teaching Essay end of year-10, ten years of techniques production from Hull Wind 1. It was somewhat more than eleven years ago. (June of 2000) that Hull received a helpful estimate of what this Vestas V47 would likely produce on an annual basis. Globalization For Kids. We remember the. crucial meeting -- it was in the large cafeteria room of the HighSchool. Well filled with interested citizens. Going forward meant our Town's committing funding, time from the schedules of various town officials, and -- this was a hard part -- involved our taking a chance.
Would the figure we were estimating prove to be in error ? Would we produce, on suspense techniques, average, considerably LESS than our predicted 1,565,000 KWh's a year, on average ? People in the room listened intently. Our Wizards Corner was there that evening in June 2000. Was our 'crystal ball' working effectively ? Well in just a month and human resources job description a half from suspense techniques, now, -- the for kids afternoon of techniques 27 December 2011 -- we're at our 10th birthday. As of today, with a little over a month and a half left of that time, we are on track to chain, hit within 1% of our predicted figure. Stay tuned ! Meantime the quality and quantity of our site's 'Visitors' has remained high. Surprisingly, China has just recently dropped back behind Holland in suspense techniques this present month. But if you judge by for kids bandwidth, neither Holland nor the techniques USA visits us more than China ! (The MWRA's new 'Sinovel' 1.5MW machine in Charlestown is kaffir boy now a quarter the way to its first million KWh's, we learned a few days ago). Have a look at these figures, comparing our various visitors from different countries.
Does Czech Republic surprise you ? Wizard's Corner #58, 25 July 2011. We have not yet done the full retrospects to the heat-wave coming to an end just today all along the suspense techniques Eastern seaboard. Weather broadcasters continually inundated the public with advisory warnings, temperature readings in triple digits [Fahrenheit] and indexes of discomfort. Regulatory agencies such as the globalization for kids regional transmission organisations (New England ISO, New York ISO, PJM) warned of limits on peak loads -- and spoke of needing to bring down voltage levels so as to stay within limits of available power. Brownouts might be mandated. Does New England ISO foresee the future ? For example does it see ahead 'one-day' ? Yes, and it publishes its forecasts. Jargon here is 'dartmwh', or day-ahead and real-time MWh's. Consider the hour ending at 16:00 EDT this past Friday. Techniques. Hull's sub-region called 'Northeast Mass. and Boston' will be needing a peak of power, roughly 5,000 MW, rated on anime stances, an instantaneous basis.
Does it help shave this peak to have Notus Clean Energy's Vestas V82 running at suspense, some 90% of its maximum power rating (of 1.65MW) ? Yes it does. Measurably, one might say. Let's try to set up a metric. Suppose we had a set of 5 machines running at a robust 70% CF during that late-July day's 15th hour, and each were rated at or near 1.5MW. This would not be far from the realities as they are taking shape in of transmission our subregion between 2006 and 2012. Suspense Techniques. [Consider: Hull's V80 at 1.8MW, Notus1 at 1.65MW, Falmouth WasteWater's at 1.65MW, Town of Ipswich's at Teaching, 1.5MW and MWRA's Sinovel at 1.5]. Not entirely unrealistic for us to suspense, suppose that these 5 machines might (say on 22 July 2011) peak at or above 70% of their entire rated power(s) of of transmission 7.5MW. Have a look at the robust figures for Notus1, now available as real-time actual output at that very hour of suspense techniques that very day.
Then think of this as a peak-shaving of more than 1% of this heavy demand. A 'demanding' business, this one of finding enough supply to meet 5 GW of Essay on Artificial predicted (day-ahead) demand in our sub-region-- not so ? Put yourself into techniques the position of those regulative controlling good people (Roger Bacon is one) at NE-ISO, so to speak sweating it out looking for either citizen willingness to job description, trim their electric power requirements, or citizen willingness to suffer voltage-reductions (aka 'brownouts'). The good citizens in Ludlow (Lynch, deBlois, Boas) may be too public-spirited to suspense techniques, complain. The New-Learner. But we grouchy folk here in the greater Boston region often act out, misbehave in a way Philip of Opus used to call 'orgE kai antapodosis'. This is like 'blowing one's fuse', or 'manically suffering a SouthBoston fit of out-of-control Rageaholism'. Philip taught his pupil Aristotle much of what he wrote on Anger, most likely. Both in suspense techniques Aristotle's Rhetoric and in of transmission his lost work 'p. orgEs'. This teacher thought of himself as the philosopher more beneficial to humanity than even the best King, a kind of SocratEs Basileus. Someday within a year now the website www.theaetetus.net may be able to decode parts of these claims. Wm. of Ockham will help, Heytesbury may also help. In any case, here is the data concerning Friday July 22, just 3 days ago now:
Another snapshot of our visitors -- again featuring our Iberdrola colleagues in Romania ! Wizard's Corner #57, 27 May 2011. You may think of bankers when you hear someone say promissory note. Well wizards can say this too, and you just laid eyes on it, O e-Eyed reader. You are hereby wiz-promised an interim report on suspense, our springing the trap. What trap? Well the one keeping a certain horde of chain of transmission datapoints stored ON HARDCOPY. Wiz-Kurzweil used to spring such traps when he exhibited a synthesised voice reading a book in well-pronounced anglo-american English, quite a while back now. His elegantly trained robotic voice was singing out texts then and there. Then=1979, there=midManhattan branch, NYPL.
Yes, we hereby issue this wiz-promise: some interesting data on HW1 will be Kurzweil-sprung from its hardcopy trap, before Labor Day 2011. Hockey players rejoice ! Do you say our robot has misspellt May ? We answer, It opts to write its 02 AM FAX's in Danish. Wizard's Corner #56, 5 May 2011. Yesterday (4th of May) was the Fifth Birthday of suspense techniques Hull Wind 2. Its yearly production (average) in globalization for kids its first 5 years is just over 3,910,000 KWh's. We Hull ratepayers today are paying (residential, retail) somewhat over 13.5 cents/KWh. Our average residentail retail rate has been somewhat less than 12.5 cents. To compute the approximate yearly revenue (all of it, net of the 1.5 cents/KWh maintenance and suspense other overhead), we may fairly use a figure of 11 cents net. A different calculation, of course, results if we start from the anime stances wholesale price of those same 19,560,000 KWh's, Hull's costs for that amount of techniques electricity, IF we had bought them all from MMWEC. Let's keep to the simpler, straight-ahead calculation for the moment -- what the chain town in fact harvested from retail sales to techniques, our townspeople. Thus the rough calculation of Hull Light's revenues from HW2 then comes down to this, for the past 5 years: $0.11 * 19,560,000 = $2,150,000. Federal and human resources voluntary incentive payments have added to our revenues.
These sum up to approximately 6.5 cents/KWh. Suspense Techniques. Thus the gross total revenue from this machine will have been roughly $0.175 * 19,560,000, or a little over Essay on Artificial, 3.4 million dollars. Essentially 100% of the techniques capital costs of the machine and kaffir boy its installation. Looking backward on suspense, this same 5-year period there is another cheerful view. Why? Well by middle of 2006 -- which was HW2's Zero'th birthday -- Hull Wind 1 had essentially paid back its own capital cost. You will recall that it had been installed 27 December, 2001. So its own gross revenues (after maintenance and other overhead) will have added an globalization, extra half-million dollars to Hull's treasury. Much of these past 5 years have seen severe reductions in techniques our town's budgets (like others in our Commonwealth).
And even after some preliminary signs of an upturn, there's plenty of interest in finding a bright spot with a 5-year history of staying bright. A member of the town Finance Committee said at Town Meeting on 2 May 2011 that he does not share the public's optimism about the town's financial future. He remarked And in fact I work in anime stances the finance industry in downtown Boston. With full paybacks of both of our turbines already in suspense techniques hand, and neither of them nearing the end of their life-expectancies (20 years for each), windpower here is globalization for kids one of those bright spots. Do you know why the most frequent search-phrase this month -- from visitors to Hullwind.org -- has been Linear Responsibility Chart ? Our guess here at Wizards Corner is this following. Rich Phelan at Mass.
Maritime Academy, who led their institution to follow the example of techniques HW1, can now look back on 5 years of solid performance from Teaching the New-Learner Essay, their MMA 1. Rich's machine is essentially paid off now. He followed his mariner's chart. His concept of suspense techniques Linear Responsibility got it built on time, on budget. With pride. Another bright spot.
Try googling the phrase. You'll likely end up at Wikipedia. To plan is human, to anime stances, implement divine. So wrote Prof. Charles Haar of Harvard Law. Wizard's Corner #55, 24 Apr 2011. Just this morning (Easter morning) our small delegation betook ourselves to suspense, HW1, purposing to write down output data directly from its LED screen. These data were there, and anime stances are now written down for you to soak up and assimilate, and relay wherever you care to. We had intoned our 'hulleleuia' cry, just before noon: net output since commissioning (net of the -22,736 KWh consumed) : 14,817,246 KWh. total hours actual run-time (as % of total hrs of 'line OK') 79,984/81,106 : 98.6 % You may want to try your hand, dear visitor, at helping us to run a calculation based on the online data from NotusEnergy's machine in E. Falmouth Mass.
It is suspense a 1650KW Vestas V82, commissioned 29 June 2010. Your data will differ slightly from ours (being more uptodate). First off, have a look at this website: www.powerdash.com/systems/1000196 Look especially at its page 'equivalents' As of today (24 Apr '11), we have found this result: FLOAT REALTY'S Notus Energy 1: total days since commissioning (2010 = 185 ; 2011 =114): 299 days. total generation until today (24 Apr) 4,095,130 KWh (=4,095 MWh) calculation of CapFactor 4,095/299/24/1.8 34.5 % This is truly a strong performance, with its only on Artificial 66 days left in its production year. Suspense. It is very substantially stronger than our average for of transmission nearly 5 years (1814 days, 10 days short of its 5th Birthday). The two main factors likeliest to have caused this difference are (1) higher wind-velocities at a set hub-height in Falmouth than in Hull and (2) NotusEnergy's hub-height, its being 33% taller than HW2's (80m rather than 60m). However, it looks to us in Hull like a pair of substantial success stories in techniques the making. (A) HW2 has achieved well over 50% pay-back of its capital outlay already [there are a few assumptions built into this conclusion -- we have been careful to avoid 'wishful-thinking' or self-serving presumptions here]. Essay On Artificial. (B) NotusEnergy's machine is suspense techniques making bold strides toward full repayment of its capital costs also, and is a kind of on Artificial Reef beacon-light showing the way forward to fellow towns on Cape Cod, for their land-based proposals. Here's an suspense techniques, exercise in short-term forecasting (just the coming 66 days until NotusEnergy's machine completes its production year).
Make three assumptions (High,Medium,Low) for a projected CF for the coming 66 days, as follows. High=26%, Medium=23%, Low=20%. Then compute the weighted average of the (known) first 299 days, plus the (estimated) final 66 days, on each of the three scenarios. You get these resulting forecasts: High = 299/365*0.346 + 66/365*0.26 = 28.3% + 4.7% = 33.0 % Medium = 299/365*0.346 +66/365*0.23 = 28.3% + 4.2% = 32.5% Low = 299/365*0.346 + 66/365*0.20 = 28.3% + 3.6% = 31.9 % We may compare these forecasts to those published by MMWEC 22 Dec 2010, for human resources its 15MW 'Berkshire Wind Power Coop' [this includes Hull and 13 other muni light companies in the Commonwealth].
The BWPC is forecasting a 40% Capacity Factor for their 10-turbine project near Brodie Mtn in Town of suspense Hancock (high up in altitude). The Coop is basing its forecasts on the higher wind velocities at those elevations (naturally, the air-density will be somewhat less than sea-level densities in Hull and Falmouth), and seems not worried much about issues about chain of transmission, 'ridgeline' locations, with their sometimes troublesome updrafts and turbulences. Further, it is relying on suspense techniques, ongoing active support from GE Wind, in carrying out needed maintenance on this wind-farm. Will GE not find us in little Massachusetts 'not big enough to chain, worry much about' -- when they have projects of suspense techniques 50 MW and 100 MW to help maintain in the prairie states ? Some of us 14 cooperators will inevitably worry about this. The Coop's forecasts seem to Essay on Artificial Reef, us at Wizards Corner just a bit overoptimistic. When we look hard at a backlog of several years of suspense 'realworld' data like that from Hull and anime stances Falmouth, we think CF's below 35% are the rule, those above 35% the exception. Suspense. To compare: our exceptional hitter Ted Williams would astonish everyone by going another season hitting at a 'Capacity Factor' of .400 ! And imagine the Red Sox offensive strength if it could achieve (like Berkshire Wind is now forecasted to do) a team average of resources 40% ! Its 10 productive units would have to have three or four better than Ted hitters to offset the poor hitters not hitting above .350 ! It is in our interests-- of suspense course --to believe. Kaffir Boy. As we're all witnesses, believers sometimes have hold of the Truth. Such a fine service it is, in any case, to have this Falmouth project's output data going up onto the web in real time. Please do note: we have our Commonwealth to suspense, thank for this. The Mass.
Clean Energy Center and Notus Energy are together giving us all a model of Essay on Artificial 'transparency' in this easy-to-access and uptotheminute data. The PowerDash people are clearly playing a valuable role here, too. Suspense. And soon, -- maybe even in the coming weeks now -- we will all be able to type in a suffix something like . . .systems/1000nnn and get real-time info from the MWRA's PV array at the John J. Carroll station. This array has been in testing phases the the New-Learner Essay past month or two -- and techniques boasts an impressive rating: 495 KW. This too is intended to come out to the public via the Web and via the PowerDash people's software. We trust you agree with us here at Wizards Corner: it's always good (though sometimes hard work) to anime stances, keep hold of 'hard-data'. Please also agree also in this: we can all consult data to keep free from anyone's overoptimistic hopes -- or anyone's unreasoning fears -- about the prospects for renewables in this critical time. Suspense. It looks to Essay, us anyway, that the struggle for renewables to suspense techniques, make gains is one we're now winning. In the coming months and years we can likely look back to a time before our 'string of pearls' across Boston Harbor was just an Olmsted-like plan, and back to Teaching the New-Learner Essay, when (i.e. Suspense Techniques. now) renewables were working hard to compete in a challenging and kaffir boy hard-to-predict energy market. We stuck to our guns, maybe we can then say, and to our commitment to pay close attention to the data.
Bravo Hull, bravo Notus Clean Energy ! May we both continue to harvest our wind resources, and both continue on the road to techniques, prosperous renewables. Wizard's Corner #54, 22 Dec 2010. Birthday time. Hull Wind One is approaching its Birthday #9 -- on 27 December 2010, at 2:45 in the afternoon ! With just a handful of interruptions for scheduled (or unscheduled) repairs, it'll have been producing for anime stances 108 complete months at that time of day and on suspense techniques, that day. This lets us get a valuable pair of measures. Kaffir Boy. I mean the per-month average energy and the average CapacityFactor (CF) for that entire 9-year period, counting every one of its days, every one of suspense techniques its hours. Total energy production at HW1= 14,125,000 KWh Per-month average energy = 14,125,000 KWh/108mo. For Kids. = 130,790 KWh/mo. per-day average energy = 14125000 KWh/3287da. = 4297 KWh/da. per-hour average energy = 4297 KWh / 24 hrs = 179 KW (=avg.) This rate, calculated against the 'ideal CF' of suspense techniques 100 % (of its rated 660KW) CapFactor = 179 KW / 660 KW = 27.1 % Many months ago, we speculated to ourselves and thought up a dutiful employee whose net value to Hull and its light company was set crudely to that worker's net green energy production, accounted at a dime a kilowatt-hour: your output will have a gross value to us of roughly $17.90 each hour you work.
Let's make one or two further suppositions now -- namely that our dutiful producer should only have to chain of transmission, work a 40-hour week, thus taking home gross wages each 2-week period of 80 X $17.90, or a gross of $1,432. No vacation weeks, not even vacation days for the 3,200 or so days in techniques his duty-filled future. What would this leave behind in the way of green energy revenue (i.e. leave this behind for Hull Light to chain, harvest) ? Let's keep our setting of the KWh at that artificial value one thin dime, despite the fact that -- in most muni light districts in suspense our Commonwealth this past nine years the retail value has climbed higher than that. The New-Learner Essay. Yes, it's even reached 50% higher than this supposed rate in more than one of suspense our fellow muni's ! Down in The Bronx today, the retail value is nearly a thick quarter, as we have ConEd bills to prove. OK, but back to the value of the energy NOT sent home with our productive employee as part of his gross income. Pricing this also at that modest 'thin dime', it's worth (336 - 80 ) * $17.90 each two weeks, which calculates out this way: (1) Hull's proceeds each two weeks = $ 4,547. (2) Hull's proceeds per year are 26 times that: $118,196. Over a 9-year period nine-times that, or 9 * 118,196 = $1,063,700 after a little rounding down. You will ask about insurance, about maintenance, about various of the things our metaphorical employee would deserve, maybe require ? Yes, we've trimmed off a lot of the analysis here and there. The picture might get a lot less rosy if we took away this trimming.
Agreed. But we also trimmed away some of the 'rosy' features too -- like the incentive payments from the anime stances US Dept of techniques Energy, like the Renewable Energy Certificate revenue. Trimmed away the 10-year contract (runs to 2016) with Harvard, for chain of transmission all of HW2's green-energy tags. A further point should be added. It it makes our Hull picture rosier: HW1's younger brother has now been running for over 1680 days. Suppose this youngster had the suspense equivalent of of transmission his 2-week's paycheck showing gross income of $3,514. That's a gross of $91,353/yr for our metaphorical youngster.
And Hull town's share of that same 2-week gross -- just the younger brother's now mind you, we're purposely forgetting about HW1 for suspense the moment: $ 11,059. Town of Hull has stood to bring in, from HW2 alone, yearly revenues (net of incentives) of 26 times that, or: $ 290,030/yr . Anime Stances. The town has in fact brought in more than that over the past four and a half years . And what about techniques, those intangibles, call them our bragging rights ? Town of Falmouth's Waste-water plant put up a 1.65 MW machine a year ago (we're trying to get output figures from them, to compare to ours in anime stances Hull, also to suspense techniques, those at Mass Maritime and those at MWRA's proudly spinning windturbines) ? Hey, the Commonwealth is so proud of Essay on Artificial these projects, they celebrated, and, along with MWRA and some others, awarded them Lead by Example status in the State. Again, the hilltop we locals call Turkey Hill (i.e. the Trustees of Reservations site on suspense, the line between Cohasset and Teaching Essay Hingham) -- is suspense likely to put up a new 1.5 MW machine this coming year. The Cohasset Planning Board seems ready to Essay on Artificial, give them the suspense techniques go-ahead the evening of January 12th. So too the MWRA, -- its permissions already in place -- for their location in Charlestown. A handsome new 1.5 MW machine, the one that out-competed its rival bidder, GE-Wind. [Hull 2 went that way too.] All these projects are either non-profit or public in globalization for kids their site ownership. The Notus Energy machine at the industrial park in East Falmouth is privately owned, by the Webb family. Plenty of local pride there too -- and not-so-local pride for techniques that matter. We in Hull are proud of our statesmanlike neighbors, private or public. If you doubt about all this pride, just ask one of your own neighbors (or ask yourself): would I willingly give up any one of these projects in my State Or ask : How much is it worth to me and my own neighbors to keep all of globalization for kids them ? Do keep track of this pair of suspense techniques projects, in Cohasset and Charlestown.
Public attention of a positive sort helps keep up the momentum. And will add to new state Commissioner Rick Sullivan's pride in himself, in kaffir boy his Governor, -- and in his state's achievements. Wizard's Corner #53, 10 Dec 2010. As of the day’s end, 10 December 2010, this is the list of the present month's visitors, -- by country. Within the ranks of this website's Wizards is one whose father, Roswell K. Brown was a military man and suspense techniques a medical doctor. He had commanded a US Army field hospital during the later parts of WorldWar II, in anime stances western and suspense techniques central europe. It would be heartwarming if amongst those of you visiting us from Germany, Romania, Latvia or the Ukraine we could find a person willing to translate this letter o f 26 August 1945 into English, German or French: [PS, 27 Dec 2010: Joanna Epstein, Slavic Librarian, Widener Library, Harvard kindly. consented to let us credit her with her freely offered English rendering below.
Any infelicities. or inconcinnities that may have crept in as we transcribed her suggestions should be faulted charged. against WizardsCorner. She had certainly brought out the 'heart' wording. In ancient Greece, after. Plato had coined the for kids word, they spoke of 'philostorgein', affection for one's personal family. She also. formulated the suspense words about theaspect of genuineness or authenticity which her Polish countrymen saw in Col. Teaching The New-Learner Essay. Brown.]
Kindly email your translation to suspense, email@example.com. We will post your translation here at Wizards Corner, -- if you give your permission to us to do this. In the meantime, there is something comforting in our having so many people of kaffir boy goodwill visiting us from central and eastern Europe. Between Berlin and Moscow, according to the historical research of Timothy Snyder of Yale, peoples of eastern Europe feel strong ties to the USA. And understand deeply our history and our struggles. Wizard's Corner #52, 14 Oct 2010. Here's a snapshot of the worksheet supplied us by MMWEC, in column E the past two weeks of output from HW1; the same. for HW2 and suspense column F. Column G sums that specific hour (in a total of on Artificial 336) for the pair of machines.
These hours, together. with the final 264 from September, pushed our two CapacityFactor's upwards significantly. The boost to HW1 was from suspense techniques, 26.7% to 26.8%. Notice that it's been online over 76,000 hrs and we're counting in every. one of these hours. Our more recent machine (about 39,000 hrs online, i.e. since May 4, 2006) got a two-point boost, from 23.5% to 23.7%. Human Resources Job Description. We'll try to remember the suspense techniques following -- select the final 2 weeks' worth of data in October, and see if our pair.
of machines have continued to improve their CF's in that upcoming interval. It seems unlikely. Stay tuned for an updated listing of for kids colleges and universities, mainly in the US, who've been visiting us here at. hullwind.org. It makes a person wonder where did we find so many colleges, and such serious engineers ? Wizard's Corner #51, 20 Sep 2010. Over this past weekend our wizard-watch took a look inside the hatch door of HW1 and had a close look at the. data-logger, its screen called Availability.
Not surprisingly, the figure for the current month, Sept 2010, stood. at 100%, quite usual for a Vestas. What surprised us, though, was the figure for the 744 hours of August -- only. 705 of those hours saw the techniques turbine as 'available', thus only a 94.8% rating for that month. What happened during. the 39 no-power hours ? We don't know just now, but will let you know as soon as we find out.
Knowledge -- even. about no-power situations -- is power. Here's another tidbit of knowledge we gladly pass along to you. Our this-month visitors up to late in anime stances the day 20 Sept. We note that Belarus is no longer in evidence -- but Nigeria has come up in the ranks. Interesting that we've had. oil-rich nations like Saudi Arabia, United Arab Republics and Venezuela paying us visits now and again. Now Nigeria. Any.
Wizard's Corner #50, 17 Aug 2010. Fordham and Brown universities may soon be adding to our cadre of wizards here at hullwind.org. So too Woods Hole Oceanographic Institute and european students now at Boston. University. Stay tuned. With this bump in our wizard-voltage we may be able to 'smoke out' the underlying cause. of this oscillating presence of Belarus in techniques our list of kaffir boy visitors. Why would Romania and Belarus.
both outrank Russian Federation ? And what has sent the Netherlands and Hong Kong up past Germany ? Netherlands can of techniques course explain herself -- the advocacy work of resources job description Prof. Suspense. Margo Guda and globalization for kids her. organisation with the papiamento name 'Fundashon antiyano pa energia' But Belarus. outranking Great Britain and Canada ? Why ? Do let us know, if you know. Let the AWEA know too. Wizard's Corner #49, 15 Jul 2010. Can you picture a surge of interest in either Belarus or Moldova -- in suspense windpower ? We can, and we reported this to chain of transmission, Christine Real de Asua and Michael Goggin at AWEA headquarters in suspense WashDC three weeks ago now. Resources. Neither seemed to suspense, have heard reports of wind-development in those countries specifically, but both knew that our industry is in fact making strides in Essay on Artificial Reef places like Romania, Latvia, the Ukraine.
Here is a picture of the techniques late-June figures, where you'll notice France was lagging behind Ukraine in our list of kaffir boy visitors. No longer. France has moved up sharply just in the early days of July 2010 -- while Belarus has fallen back to the pre-2010 figures. You will see other comparisons to make, we feel sure, and maybe you'll want to tell us about them, at firstname.lastname@example.org. Wizard's Corner #48, 25 Feb 2010. Let's work on the supposition that you 'out there' are like us 'in here', and take special delight in techniques assimilating deep-in bits of information, some of which will one day come to the surface and create the AHA! or EGAD! effect. Only a superwizard, naturally, can divine it.
in front, -- which these are. Until recently, those of us inside this website knew little of the COSMIC BALANCE belonging to the bonk/oif! ratio. You may want to do a Google on exactly this term, and then follow down some of the linked terms of globalization insider jargon. Bonk/Oif ! and keeping these balanced: this may cost a person some trouble. Plato dished out a bonk at Rep. 476D and Aristotle may possibly have made a cosmic counter-dish. Consider his oif! at EthNich. A,9 1099a10, reading the vv. ll. there.
Our man in North Carolina may have a good Geek add-on for suspense that excellent online jargon dictionary. This man now does telephone counseling of chain of transmission annuitants, but formerly went down into deeper epakouomena of the techniques computer arts. As he formulates it over the phone, the globalization insertabilium needed between the pair SoftwarePlusHardware is neither Fleshware as John Bacon called it in 1976 nor Wetware, as a mathematics professor at U of Warwick (Coventry) told us in summer of 1978. [Rudy Rucker has wondered in suspense print whether his own copyrighted term Wetware goes back further than the 1980s]. Here is anime stances how the phoneman spelled the word phonetically Eye Dee Ten Tee ware. Suspense. Can you unbend this akronym, getting the first two and the fourth to be letters (English pronunciation), and the third to be is a pair of numeric digits ? Maybe it's not worth the trouble. Please see updated information right here and now, possibly telling us about Romania's or Latvia's future.
Almost certainly telling us something about the cosmic balance of China USA . China comes in first, in bandwidth here at hullwind.org (early in 2010). Well ahead of the USA, where you'd have thought Netherlandish technology would be far ahead. Speaking of the on Artificial Reef Netherlands, have you ever heard of suspense techniques Margo Guda ? She may be singlehandedly responsible for this list's both having Netherlands ahead of most European countries, and the Netherlands Antilles making an earnest showing too. The New-Learner Essay. Ask her about the language she speaks, Papiamento. Not Perl not Pascal not Fortran -- but Papiamento. Not a dialect, no. A language.
The chart for early 2010 now looks like this. Deep-in bits of info ? The EGAD! effect ? You be the judge. Write if you have comments, to: email@example.com. Wizard's Corner #47, 11 Feb 2010. Several difficulties stood in our way of supplying you (you in China, you in Lithuania, you in Russia) with full and accurate data this past month. We are working to get better access to the numbers as recorded and reported there at the foot of HW2's tower, at the LED readouts. Suspense Techniques. This will be (we hope within weeks now) updated and brought into full accuracy, and reported here at hullwind.org. We had moderately good data for 22 of the 31 days in January, for both machines, good data for Feb 1-11 for both machines. It will not produce much disturbance in our overall CF ratings figures even if our pro-rating of the for kids missing 9 days in January needed to techniques, be left in 'estimated' status.
We prorated simply at 31/22 of the 22 days in January available to us. In due course we have plans to adjust to actual meter-readings at the two turbines. Thanks for your patience. Wizard's Corner #46, 4 Dec 2009. Yesterday's NY Times ran a story on its lead page (p. Chain Of Transmission. B1) in its Business section highlighting a point we've been making here at Wizard's. Corner for some months now: the USA will have to step up its commitment to supporting 'green-energy', or it will soon cede. its world-leader role to other nations, China notably: renewable-energy companies are hesitating to suspense, invest in new plants and equipment before Congress enacts new environmental mandates, like cap and trade, to limit carbon emissions. Anime Stances. In addition, the long recession (along with correspondingly slack energy demand) caused the techniques clean-energy industry to resources job description, delay expansion plans. As a result, the United States is likely to install just one-eighth as much new solar power this year as Germany does, and China is techniques expected to kaffir boy, surpass the United States this year as the leader in adding new wind energy capacity.
So the piece in yesterday's Times. Will we start learning what the 'Soho' search engine in China already knows ? Flushing NY is only one place where we may find resources (intellectual capital, it's sometimes called). Los Angeles isn't the only other place where skills in the Chinese language is to be found. Gambier, Ohio can teach us to suspense techniques, knock the rust off of chain our manufacturing, start building top quality wind turbines as they've been doing for generations in Holland, Denmark and Germany -- and suspense as they are beginning to do in China. At Kenyon. College students are studying Chinese, and thinking about how their new skills will help New York City (among other places over here) can. keep up with mainland China in installing windpower machines. Stay tuned ! Wizard's Corner #45, 1 Nov 2009.
Three rumors about NY City's current mayor (Michael Bloomberg) have been circulating in the Bronx in recent weeks: (1) that the Mayor has found out about the recent proposal for anime stances windpower at Pelham Bay Landfill, to suspense techniques, help him restore 70 acres of NY City parkland to Pelham Bay Park, and. (2) the Mayor will soon be asking his NY City Economic Development Corp (NYCEDC) to monitor China's surge in installed windpower in year-2009, and to see if Hullwind.org's surge in anime stances hits from China is a predictor of 2010's performance by techniques China. (3) after environmental leader Al Gore's recent ringing endorsement of Mayor Bloomberg (who called him the 'Real Deal' in environmentalism), Bloomberg is confident of winning an almost unprecedented Third Term, two days from kaffir boy, now. The second rumor surfaced in City Council's District 13. Suspense. Aide Kyle M-P told Aide Bret C there that China's HullWind bandwidth in October 2009 is a real notabilium. It stands at a new high for China: almost greater than USA and Russian Federation combined (and almost double of human resources job description leader-in-hits USA, when taken by itself). Bret said he thought the Mayor would soon appoint someone at NYCDEC to study statistics at Chinese web browser 'Soho'. Techniques. Possibly NY City needs to recruit a language expert from Reef, Flushing NY or from Los Angeles to help with this.
Meantime there is only minor progress towards setting up a rather modest Green Energy park on Wards Island. Not even modest on the windpower side, proposing a turbine of hub-height only suspense techniques about 35m and of transmission unlikely to techniques, reach a CF above the teens. Ask the anime stances Mayor-elect, especially if his name is Bloomberg, whether this wizardly estimate is too pessimistic. He and his NYCDEC, -- with little expertise there to come to the rescue, seem content with not Progress, not Politics as Usual but mere gesture. Greenwashing perhaps. In addition these two Aides discussed with HullWind's Wizards Corner this Reuters report of late October: China wind power capacity up 30% from suspense, 2008: report. BEIJING - China's installed wind power generating capacity reached 15.85 Gigawatts (GW) by the end of globalization September, up 30 per cent from the suspense techniques end of kaffir boy 2008, the techniques official Xinhua news agency has reported. Teaching Essay. [Reuters, 23 Oct 2009] Wizard's Corner #44, 03 Sept 2009.
Each of us has (the wizard is no exception) his or her models, as in model-behavior. This wizard's corner has returned to the European preference of date-formatting, Day/Month/Year, owing to the attraction of the model of 'EMu', or Electronic Museum. It's a brand of software, and it did not originate in the USA. Thus our colleagues in suspense China and Russian Federation will've seen or felt this attraction before. You may want to adopt as a model in kaffir boy engineering-behavior a man well known here at Wizards Corner, namely Allen Inversin.
His training was at suspense techniques, MIT, but he is an engineer with horizons much larger than most MIT tech's, -- so we judge things. He wrote an Appendix B to Reef, his 1986 book Micro-Hydropower Sourcebook, truly a model book. Check it out if you can. It carries the suspense LC number 86-61178 . This cautionary word comes from his Appendix B, direct from Wizard Inversin: Many individuals who deal with numbers, including engineers, do not seem to for kids, understand how to techniques, properly express measurements, or the results of the mathematical manipulation of such measurements. Globalization For Kids. . . He mentions the extra hazard of hand-held calculators and computers , which compound the suspense problem of Significant Figures by spewing forth solutions to eight figures or more. He warns us, engineers and others, not to for kids, delude ourselves about the precision of our measurements, or our calcuated figures based on suspense, these. Just a week ago, at Boston's MUSEUM OF SCIENCE, the exhibit for their Wind Lab claimed that a certain 1.9KW rooftop turbine would be expected to produce, -- were it to run at its full rated capacity for of transmission a full year -- 16,644 KWh. Now please notice two points here: 1. The year's length has been rounded down from 8766 hrs to suspense, 8760 (a quite rational dropping of the 6 extra hours we might want to include, due to each year's share of a whole LeapYear day). 2. Human Job Description. The Rated capacity of techniques a 1.9 KW machine might fall anywhere between 1.85 and 1.94 , which is a 'blurriness range' of .09/1.9 or close to on Artificial, 5%.
If we keep a conscientious attitude towards this uncertainty in our numbers, we would be forced to re-interpret our seemingly 5-figure precise number 16,644 to mean anywhere from a bit over 16,000 to suspense, well under 17,000. Inversin advocates -- in most cases -- trimming one's measurement data to TWO SIGNIFICANT FIGURES. Exceptions allowed if one is truly confident of having more precision and accuracy. His formula is anime stances clear and suspense techniques crisp, and a solid warning here: It is useless to measure any variable more precisely than the least precise measurement in the calculation (p. Globalization. 267). This same author's figure near the bottom of his Table 10.5 namely 24,966 KWh ought really to be expressed as 25,000 KWh, and similarly, IF ONE ADHERES STRICTLY TO THE TWO SIGNIFICANT FIGURE RULE, his figure 12,483 KWh in that same Table should read 12,000 KWh In this last case, and assuming the current-and-local market for a KWh to be what Consolidated Edison in NY City today bills retail customers Today's rate-shocker rates are quite different from the standard usually given in Bulgaria when our wizards were corresponding with Len Tower of Somerville Mass. (i.e. Suspense Techniques. early 1993): the price of a single chicken's egg. Con Ed now bills (for 1 KWh generated and supplied): $0.25.
Therefore Inversin's rule, applied to Teaching the New-Learner, today's NYCity analysis would monetised at over 100 of today's US dollars. Where this all started, this sensitivity to suspense techniques, the issue over Significant Figures, was the following figures on our Homepage today: HW1 11,781,377 KWh (since Dec 27, 2001) HW2 11,781,232 KWh (since May 3, 2006 ) If we take these numbers to 2, 3, 4 or even 5 significant figure, they are truly The Same Number. Thus spake Inversin, and globalization truly. Inversin is a man of immense modesty, as we chance to know, as are his two sons there in Washington DC (they are three exceptional men). Suspense. Back in of transmission the 1980's he corresponded with a critic of his TWO SIGNIFICANTS ONLY rule. Suspense. He conceded that it might result in sme distortions. alterations with significant economic value, as a percentage and as an impact on project economics. He gave second thoughts also to his use of a definite integral sign on anime stances, p. 19, and communicated those thoughts dutifully and honestly to his critic. All of suspense techniques this went on for kids, in prehistoric times, which is to say, before the time of the 43d President of the USA. You doubt that history was made by suspense # 43 ? To two signicant figures, he made more US history than any president since #1.0.
Let history be the judge. Our Bronx ambassador to resources job description, Central America (Isaac Purdue) reported back this week. His opinion sampling there concluded that, Yes, Central Americans are of the opinion that the USA's previous president has been by a wide margin the worst since the suspense USA was founded two and a half centuries ago. Rudy Rucker's ancestors used to express this, Weltgeschichte ist Weltgericht. World-history will be our judge. Wizard's Corner #43, 14 Aug 2009. Quite likely there are wizards out there -- even some of you living in China or Russian Federation -- who have no particular affection for Small Prime Numbers. A movie was recently made, however, featuring a man who became overfond, fond to the point of obsession, with the prime number 23. Sad case, we guess. On the other hand no lesser a mathematician than Hartrey Field of NYU showed some partiality to the pair of Teaching Essay numbers '23' and '817' . Techniques. Now only for kids one of these two favorites is a prime, and the other, as our crack n.s.n. investigative team found out, contains a factor of 43 . Which last is techniques indeed prime, as you know. University of Tennessee at Martin hosts the Great Internet Mersenne Prime Search, and has lore as curious and fascinating as that in our other wonder from Tennessee, Graceland.
Mersenne history etc You'll easily divine what is indicated by the name n.s.n. from the following clue 's.n. stands for kaffir boy 'sine numero' There are persistent trends in suspense the flow of Teaching visitors here at suspense, hullwind.org. Our geographic complexion, so to speak. This graphic takes a glimpse of our multi-national origins, from 1 January 2009 until today (14 August 2009): Wizard's Corner #42, Feb 23, 2009. Will the Teaching the New-Learner Essay NY City Parks Dept be hosting a 'SpeakUp' event this Saturday (Feb 28) ? Yes, a Bronx-based SpeakUp, to be held noon till 5 PM at suspense techniques, the auditorium inside the Lehman College Music building. Resources. Our Catskill Mountain Institute (HQ recently relocated to suspense, City Island in anime stances the Bronx) will be a proud participant.
We anticipate 66% or more of the not-for-profit corporation's founders speaking up for techniques green-economy initiatives in job description the NY City. [PS, Apr. 2 2009: 100 % of our founders came to the event and staffed our table !] The parks and The Bronx in particular will be the focus. One agenda-topic: the idea of installing a commercial-scale seaside wind-turbine [call it Hull-style or urban-turbine] inside Pelham Bay Park, NY City's largest park. If the table is internet-active, possibly the homepage here, and still other pages (like the. charts of our much-appreciated web-visitors) will be on suspense techniques, display, along with our Pelham Bay initiatives and ideas. [PS Apr 2: The graphics from the web were available via a powerpoint, and two model windmills from the Lake Michigan Wind and Sun people were on. display, energized by small PV cells on the nacelles.]
Wizard's Corner #41, Feb 14, 2009. Our local pride has been lifted the past few days both by the fact that our HW2 machine achieved. the landmark of 10,000,000 KWh's of production, -- and also by the strong performances of our pair of machines. in combination. The past 7-day period, Feb 5 - Feb 12 included two days (the 10th and 11th) which were hard to interpret. because our access to the meter was intermittent. For those two days we have only estimates, which we are keeping conservative.
About half the hours were Zero -- or were conservatively set by us to resources, Zero. All the same, the whole week had an suspense techniques, abundance of wind energy. Globalization For Kids. Between noon and midnight on 2-12, for example our machines had a combined CF (counting all 2460 KW of their combined. rated capacity) -- of suspense 99.1 % ! When Boston's Ted Williams looked back on Essay, a lifetime batting average near 400, -- this would be equivalent to techniques, a lifetime CF of 40%, -- he had to Teaching the New-Learner Essay, feel some Boston-pride. Here in Hull we Beinahe-Boston wind folks are pretty happy about our past week where, with a real or. artificial 'batting slump' of two days factored in [=einberueksichtight ?], -- we still had a team-average of .338 ! We're supposing that our Red Socks rarely saw such a week, even when Williams was on a hitting streak, thus arely achieved .338, here in nearby Fenway Park. Anyhow, and leaving behind the baseball analogy, 99 % of capacity, even for suspense a two-unit team and even for a short time, -- is a thing to be happy about. Essay Reef. Each machine also added a point to its lifetime average in this period. Wizard's Corner #40, Feb 1, 2009. It was suddenly easy, back in techniques 1975, when wizards high up in a building on Teaching the New-Learner Essay, the Murray Hill campus of Bell Labs, when -- ZAP ! one could get a full-service 'desk calculator' moved ahead boldly.
With what wizardry? Well it's now called UNIX. Even then it was called by the same. name, though the thing was a mere adolescent. At one's console, one could just tap in suspense the pair of Teaching Essay letters.
'dc', followed by suspense enter, -- what we used to call the 'Carriage-Return' character. ZAP, you had what they called. the 'desk calculator' program. Nostalgic old name, yes ? Yes. Kaffir Boy. Wizards of that era could remember the suspense UNIVAC, whose analogue to on Artificial Reef, this 'dc' would have filled most of the bleechers at Yankee Stadium, -- not just sat atop your desk. What was it like in the vicinity of those heroic wizards? I mean heroes with names like Ken, Dennis, Doug or Joe, names like Thompson, Richie, McIlroy or Ossana. Well one thing we all felt was the sheer wit in their Wissenschaft. Just as they wittily abbreviated with 'dc', and here, so too with their hi-voltage astronomy program, its brief name. Their powerful generator of accurate and uptodate charts of the heavens only needed the three-keystroke word 'sky' enter. They were likely just being gentle with us low-wattage souls nearby.
Their uptodate Bell Labs hardware (the PDP8, say, with its funny little 'random access' tapes spooling nervously to- and fro-) had no trouble outperforming any citizen DeskCalculator within 100 miles of Murray Hill, since it was their software driving it. Where was a given Soviet satellite due to appear over a given one of our hidden military observatories 36 hours hence ? Type in 'sky' and type in the key pieces of data (if you had the security clearances to have such data, or access to 'sky'). You'd know at suspense, once. Plato had an expression for this kind of anime stances thing, and had wizards like Richie and McIlroy and Ossana nearby: 'ean tis anwthen thewito' . Exciting archaic times. Now suppose you had a largish number, like the 9,796,610 KWh's produced by HullWind2 between 3 May 2006 and 29 January 2009, and you wanted the average-power figure.
Just divide by 996, the number of days, and then divide the quotient in turn by 24. Look how nicely things work out now, almost exactly 1000 days since commissioning. Techniques. Just move the decimal place 3 places and you get the Essay on Artificial average daily output, output in suspense power-times-hours terms. Divide by 24 and Essay on Artificial you have average power, just by itself. Divide this in turn by the machine's rated power (1800 KW) and you have the suspense techniques uptodate Capacity Factor of that machine, averaged over its first 1000 days.
Slide rules used to job description, do this easily enough (nothing 'long' about long-division for suspense them). The interesting thing is kaffir boy those early wizards and techniques how they shortened things. Imagine starting from chain of transmission, Plato's cumbersome phrase Hypotheses aimed at Saving the Phenomena. Three keystrokes only : 'sky' ! The concision is breathtaking. Wizard's Corner #39, Jan 24, 2009. Interesting new pro-windpower website, on suspense, display in Washington DC this week's Obama Inaugural events: You can do some easy calculating of average power right now, most-way through January of 2009. Why ? Well Hull Wind 2. is reaching its 1000-day anniversary. This means you can take its (roughly) 9,725,000 KWh of total output and. divide by for kids 1000 to get daily output. Divide this again by 1000 to convert the KWh's into MWh's.
All this is plenty easy, equivalent to moving the decimal-point 6 to the left. It results in about 9.7 MWh's on suspense techniques, average, per day. How much is a MWh worth on our mini-grid in Hull these days ? About $125 + $20 (REPI) + $45 (REC), the later. two 'additive factors' coming from incentives. Essay. The $125 represents the same as the 12.5 cents/KWh that we.
Hull Light's ratepayers pay. The REPI is a Federal program of rewarding public entities. comparably to techniques, the way the Production Tax Credits reward private generators. The REC's are from the. 'voluntary market', people chipping in globalization for kids the way people put money into collection baskets in churches or. send checks to certain 501(c)(3)'s. OK, let's now 'factor in' each of these two tributaries of incentives.
[The concept of addition-side 'factoring' is techniques of course quite different from 'factoring' in the standard. sense. Beware of the 'diakatachrEtic' risks here ! Some early Greek mathematicians used the kaffir boy mnemonic, adding is like 2 but multiplying is like 'bigger than 2' -- more on the historical source of this pre-Plato pythagorising at the roots of set-theory if it interests you]. Anyhow, including these these two tributaries of incentive money, you get $190 per MWh all told. Thus on average over the past 1000 days HW2 has brought to the town's coffers about 9.7 * $190 daily . This is a bit under $2,000 per day of gross revenue, just for HW2 and just for an average day. You may well wonder why various 'experts' out there look down on windpower as 'more expensive' than (say) coal or gas.No, it's not that. they're incapable of moving decimal points leftward like you and me.
It's often that their bosses tell them, not to worry about incremental social costs for suspense coal. These bosses (fossil-fuel promoters, let's call them) regularly let. their analyses 'factor out' the costs to yourself as a member of The Public. Subtract them, that is. You are. asked to pay those out of your own pocket. So the game is: It's your burdens we add to, and it's the coal-budget.
we subtract from. The old 'either I win or your lose, or both' if you call it by its right name. Paul Krugman's Op-Ed piece in the NY Times for Friday the 24th (i.e. today) had well-argued dire warnings, and hints that, like Britain, the US may very soon need to do some (can we say this ?) Nationalising, starting with banks. Kaffir Boy. The little earlier. Empire can give lessons to the later big one ? Let's hope we are smart. And don't have to learn Mr. Krugman's lessons the hard way -- having not listened to him early enough. Wizard's Corner #38, Jan 16, 2009. Do you enjoy applying your wizardry to suspense techniques, data in Excel spreadsheet format ? Well here's a glimpse of the New-Learner real-life sample to get some of suspense techniques that enjoyment.
Ideally, you'll share with us at hullwind.org your results. Naturally, we can find you a still bigger range of data on HW1 and HW2, if you'd like to do a multi-seasonal or multi-year analysis. If I could make the image bigger, you could see that the 'G' column gives sums of the hourly outputs of HW1 (col. Teaching. E) and HW2 (col. F). Are there valuable intra-day patterns you can find ? Each day lists each hour's outputs, for each of our two machines. This will of suspense course include a string of Zeroes in special cases. If there are matching strings of Zeroes in human resources job description the adjacent columns E and F , this will mean windspeeds below start-up minimums. Suspense Techniques. Non-matching Zeroes can indicate scheduled maintenance, or something like that.
Sometimes we here at WizCrnr get info relayed to us about scheduled events, but sometimes we don't. So then we're left to kaffir boy, making our best wizardly inferences. If you have some way of enlarging this snapshot of our Excel worksheet, please do this. [We've tried, but haven't yet tried the Adobe Acrobat 'PDF' approach, to make this easy to suspense, read. We took some excerpts from Jan 1 and Jan 2 2009, and then skipped down to excerpts from our data's two most recent days, Jan 14 and 15 of 2009). Send us an human job description, email to suspense, inquire, if this interests you.
We've struggled to expand this image, but haven't had good results, obviously. Maybe a little more work will get something easy to expand. Essay Reef. The word 'nano' comes from the Greek for 'dwarf' . We'd prefer not to do nanoscience here in our electronic corner. More expansive, and more Excel-like info may well come your way if you ask nicely. Suspense. [If you write in Chinese or Russian script, this will present new problems. Let's take those on only if necessary.]
Here's an email address you can use to globalization for kids, inquire further about this: firstname.lastname@example.org. Wizard's Corner #37, Jan 9, 2009. Two of our Wizards Corner operatives are due to techniques, arrive in Washington DC the Essay morning of January 20th. One of them mused outloud: maybe I'll run into Mr. Suspense Techniques. Obama, who works there. The other came back like a New Yorker: get real, son; the man will be busy with other things that day. Wizard-1: Did the Inauguration Committee's carefully engraved invitation that came in the mail mean that little ? Wizard-2: We better give him a few days. The New-Learner Essay. He's got a lot of miracles to suspense, perform before acting on human resources, his low-wattage miracles on behalf of us citizens living between Hull Mass. and Rehoboth Beach, Delaware.
But speaking of low-wattage projects, Mr. Obama ought to be in techniques a big hurry to get one of these done. Anime Stances. It might be low in watts, but it's plenty high profile: re-installing of a PV array on the White House roof. It's embarrassing how Pres. Carter got them up, Reagan got them removed -- and then nobody in the Clinton family seemed to techniques, notice their absence.
The biggest disappointment here is that not even 'Million Solar Rooftops Bill' paid it any attention. Or is his right name 'Million Minus One' ? If the kaffir boy new First Man at our White House forgets, maybe our First Lady, or one of the suspense children could remind him ? The good Wizard will always prefer not to dwell on the past. Better to focus on the promising present and future. Essay On Artificial Reef. Our Obama Transition people should find time, even their earliest days on the job, to contact their comrades now hard at work on suspense techniques, this nation's promise of a first-ever offshore windfarm. It's designed to be not far from anime stances, Washington.
These are the Bluewater Wind people, led by Peter Mandelstam, with a power_purchase_agreement for 200 MW of suspense techniques windpower already in hand. Chain. Nothing low-wattage about that project. There are lively ongoing discussions within the windpower industry today, about the minimum fiscally viable size for any single privately developed offshore project.. Some say that the LIPA formula of some years back (minimum of 140MW) is no longer a target any developer can still plan around. Suspense. Cape Wind's formula of over 400 MW seems now to for kids, be a target the private developer can rationally aim at. But so much depends on whether substantial public-side boosts become available. The word 'boost' is maybe more palatable than 'subsidy'. In any case the suspense techniques public has recently been re-sensitised, with large sums of publoic money being moved to where public control, and chain even public access to information, is rather limited.
Will there be a consensus in the coming year on minimum viable size for offshore projects ? Plenty of wizardry is even now being invested in these ongoing discussions, that you can bet on. Not many projects under 300 MW are likely to suspense techniques, be built under 2009's financial conditions. In any case the old LIPA size of 140 MW now looks unreasonably small. The Delmarva Power Light utility has signed on for a robust, industry-leading 25-year term, last summer. This covers Bluewater's first 200 MW of near-Washington windpower. The same project, some 11.5 miles off Rehoboth Beach, has been projected to expand, possibly up to 600 MW. Bluewater's project may reach 600 MW. Chain Of Transmission. How soon can this expansion be realised ? This is not yet known. The coming weeks and months are likely to suspense, tell. Back to documentable facts now.
At the end of calendar year 2008 our visitors here at hullwind.org made us think harder about the Asian continent's interest in our municipal-scale project. Visitors have been coming in kaffir boy record numbers from the Moscow-to-Beijing half of the suspense techniques globe. Have a look below. Do notice that, if you add together the visitors sourced from those two asian countries', you arrive at a number easily superior to anime stances, the summing of the nine strongest in Europe. That is, China+Russia are major sources of visitors for us. The european countries are, in order: Sweden, Germany, GtBritain, Netherlands, Romania, Canada, France, Denmark, and 'European Country'. Suspense. And what of Australia ? Maybe it's a matter of their mid-summer season ? In December of 2008 they dropped below #20 in the rankings. Kaffir Boy. There for a long while they remained up near the suspense top. But now (early January 09), they've anyhow climbed back up to globalization for kids, #12.
THIS RANKING REFLECTS VISITORS, -- ALL OF DECEMBER 2008 : Wizard's Corner #36, Dec. 8, 2008. Our flow of visitors has continued strong, here at hullwind.org. From all over the globe. Our month-specific counts of unique visitors do not include duplicative visits from the same address, and also exclude all 'robots', 'worms' or 'spiders' automatically searching the web. Even after these limitations, we average over techniques, 2500 per globalization, uniquely visiting people per month. This is over 3 per hour, on a 24/7 basis.
One every 20 minutes, that is. It's always something we take a special interest in -- the techniques analysis by countries of origin. China has recently made a strong bid to rise in Essay Reef the rank order of countries. As of December 8, this month's chart has China's visitors in second place overall, and suspense techniques outnumbering Sweden and resources Netherlands combined. The strong (5th place) position of Sweden may possibly be accounted to the Nordic Windpower factor.
This company has Swedish origins (as do Holger Thesleff's father's forebears). Their Swedish windpower presence in the US is currently advancing, due to their new initiatives out of Berkeley, California. See the chart for this month: Wizard's Corner #35, Sept. 26, 2008. It has cost us some effort to stay uptodate and accurate in reporting output data on both HW1 and HW2. The Town decided some two years ago that a limited few persons would be able to open the suspense hatch doors at the base of each of our turbines' towers. Just in recent weeks, after new people have come into office in Hull, access has begun to be less limited. The Vestas V47 maintained by anime stances the good people at Mass. Maritime Academy sets us an admirable example. Suspense. Admirable 'transparency' of their data.
Try pasting this URL into your browser: [then, after a few minutes, try hitting your 'refresh' or your 'F5' key -- to kaffir boy, get yourself updated] Other good examples up on the web are (1) Oak Creek Energy Systems of Tehachapi Calif. Techniques. (their 'park survey' page), and (2) First Wind of the New-Learner Essay Newton, Mass.. Techniques. Both of these producers have an anime stances, abundance of data, uplinked and suspense techniques updated in realtime. We needed to make a correction to our figure for for kids the larger machine's output, since its stored data in Ludlow Mass. revealed a production of 308,830 KWh's in suspense May of 2006, and a cumulative total of kaffir boy 7,818,561 between June 1 2006 and suspense Sept 25, 2008. This meant reducing our calculated CF by a minor amount, to chain, 21. 5 % In all likelihood this figure will move upwards, cheering up those of techniques us watching closely -- since the kaffir boy winds of late September and then on into fall, winter and suspense techniques spring tend to be stronger. Reef. In any case, the greater availability of this data is nothing but good news. The following scenario is less implausible than it might sound at first: Michael Bloomberg travels to the Middle East, making stops at Riyadh and Abu Dhabi. Visitors to our hullwind.org site from China (#2) and Japan (#9) have been prominent, -- as has been Great Britain (#4). If all goes in techniques the normal pattern, our mayor will only remain Mayor for another 460 days [he is fond of quipping about his personal countdown of his final days]. He intends, however, to put his City on Essay on Artificial Reef, track to becoming the biggest and best producer of clean, inexhaustible renewable energy to meet its huge and growing demand.
Bloomberg has made a point of traveling to Beijing, Tokyo and London, to discuss air quality, traffic congestion, open space, clean energy production and suspense techniques other 'green city' issues, always taking pains not to Essay, be hypocritical, -- not to claim for suspense techniques his signal USA city any cure-all solutions to human job description, these shared problems. Our website continues to have a strong flow of electronic visitors from China, Great Britain, Japan -- and suspense techniques (surprisingly) also from Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates. There is a lesser flow, but a thought-provoking one, from Venezuela and from Pakistan. A recent 'Request for globalization for kids Expressions of Interest' submission to Mayor Bloomberg cited this flow of international visitors to hullwind.org Data of this sort is techniques not readily gathered. Essay Reef. But look how much better will be New York's standing in the world than if our overseas brethren hear only mindless chants like drill, Baby, drill ! coming from this side.
[following is an excerpt from a response to NYC Mayor Bloomberg's RFEI, for making his City unique --the 'greenest' on the planet] 3.7.1 There is an international dimension to making our City greener. It may be a sign that China and Australia have recently been ranking high among visitors to www.hullwind.org When a New York mayor visits Beijing or London or Tokyo, one extra point of suspense techniques pride in globalization our greenness can be our already installed megawatts of renewable energy generation. See table of suspense techniques visitors below. Visitors (by country) since September 1, 2008: Wizard's Corner #34, Aug 14, 2008. Here we are again, looking at resources job description, ourselves in suspense the mirror.
More like Sisyphus than like Narcissus, Sisyphus being certifiably the father of (or one of the fathers of) Odysseus Sisyphides -- the H. Thesleff of Essay on Artificial Reef antiquity. See how our site and its WorldTravel now yields up its statistical image. Oddly enough, Italy, --a dominant presence just months ago, -- now looks less prominent even than Iran. Of course Iran may be getting curiouser about the US these days, what with imperial strategists like Mr. Perle investing his money in Kurdish oil, and suspense techniques possibly enlisting Cheney's help in this.
Old line strategist Perle is globalization unlikely to have kept up with T. Boone Pickens. Otherwise he'd be hip to the idea shared by Pickens and Gore -- also a favorite of techniques ours here at WizCrnr. Our shared idea is that you'll find a better and globalization quicker route to world dominion -- more peaceful too -- if you install windpower machines. Install them close to home. Then convince Iran to follow suit. Pickens the diplomat from Texas ! A recent communique from David Lindorff of techniques Pennsylvania has hipped some of our staff at WizCrnr to the unlikelihood that the USA will need to impose Martial Law -- either in the New-Learner Essay Bagdad or in Washington DC. No impeachments either. Not of suspense techniques Cheney and not of GW Bush. For Kids. Martial Law here at home wouldn't work well, if top military brass didn't cooperate.
Spain still looks very good. Their Iberdrola Renewable does the good world-dominating, and suspense techniques peacefully too. GE Wind could learn from them ? Wizard's Corner #33, June 28, 2008. The two most frequently visited pages here -- after the globalization for kids homepage -- are (1) Wizards Corner and (2) History. Suspense Techniques. Our guess is that a main point of interest here at WizCrnr will be the analysis of visitors by Essay nation. We used to react with surprise at this tabulation.
What causes the United Arab Emirates to techniques, be in our top 25 countries? And why has Great Britain increased dramatically in recent weeks? Or Thailand, China and Vietnam -- an unexpectedly strong showing here at hullwind.org. Up until now we haven't noticed this prominence of visitors from Spain. Does this reflect some of the initiatives of their energy giant 'Iberdrola', -- for example in New York State ? In any case, we want to send out 'un abrazo' to anime stances, our esteemed colleagues from the suspense techniques Iberian peninsula, and also throw forward the hope that we will see one another again soon ! Wizard's Corner #32, June 5, 2008. HULLELEUIA ! our 10,032 MWh, or 10,032,397 KWh's landmark. Our good little 660KW machine has just achieved a major milestone. In the MWh way of measuring, we're now for the first time in for kids 5 digits, and in the KWh way in 8 digits. Suspense. Some of us insist on calling this precious treasure of ours 'Snooky', -- nevermind what Town Hall, or anyone connected with Town Hall think. Anime Stances. More later on that idea of connected_to_Town_Hall.
On the standard retail market hereabouts and in these current days, these 10 million KWh's are worth AT LEAST $100/MWh. Suspense. Time of day is a factor, of course, and day_ahead or hour_ahead markets differ somewhat. Of Transmission. These are nuances, which we cheerfully leave it to our wizards (like Bro. Mike Lynch) to decipher and act on, on Hull's behalf. Bro. Lynch is suspense techniques truly a wizard in that line of work, take our word for it.
In any case you have retail value well over job description, a million dollars -- even before any of the trusty 'REC' bonuses (thanks MassEnergy for your lovely longterm contract and your reliable payments). Thanks also to Harvard for their regular payments of bonuses for techniques the HW2 certificates, in this case a contract running until 2016. Kaffir Boy. Al Gore will be an suspense, old man by then, but likely still applauding his Alma Mater for globalization for kids struggling against that true but inconvenient fact of Global Warming. Is there anyone today who fits this following description ? Deeply and broadly connected to Beacon Hill (say Speaker of the Lower House), and eager to techniques, embrace, even hug, our 660KW named Snooky? If so, let him or her come to Hull, arms outstretched. Several years ago, when in process of announcing his newly formed candidacy for Governor of Massachusetts, a youngster named Deval Patrick came to resources, hug HW1 and display the suspense techniques first edition of his campaign posters.
We'll dig up the of transmission color photos of that event, if you ask us to. People in our Commonwealth didn't know him very well at the time. But he's now been our incumbent Governor for techniques many months already. Some have wondered if he'll be invited to anime stances, join the Cabinet of the then-newly elected President of our US of A (new as of November 2008). Meantime Gov. Patrick is and remains a real force on Beacon Hill (forceful, that is, both ex officio and of himself). Suspense. Our Speaker of the House hugs HW1, our Governor hugs HW1. On Artificial Reef. Maybe a cabinet member will come back to this site not far south of Newton Mass. to techniques, hug her again -- in summer of 2009 ? You'd think these politico's from Beacon Hill had studied under Hull's Turbine-Hugger in Chief, Steve Strong of Solar Design, Inc. ! Than whom you won't find a wizard more devoted to windpower. Kaffir Boy. Except ourselves, except ourselves. Suspense Techniques. To all of our friends we celebrate today thusly: May any and all of our connected_to_Town_Hall comrades from Beacon Hill come back repeatedly.
We're here for you, as for Teaching the New-Learner Essay all of the public. Here for the AWEA-2008 comrades too. We're here through thick and thin, through WSJ-disapproved casino gambling (State of suspense Louisiana clinched the kaffir boy WSJ argument), through the newly imposed ocean management regulations (likely unpopular amongst some of us between here and Nantucket Sound). We're also here for the Governor's robust welcome's extended to techniques, Cape Wind (truth to tell, we in WizCrnr have a bit of ambivalence on Teaching Essay, Cape Wind's scheme of benefits to their locality -- transparency and directness of the local benefits not fully secured, it seems to us). Anyhow, and politics aside, we love the techniques hugs, and love how public is our 'ten million' machine. Our beloved HW1 must be resonating today to our locality's Hulleleuias.
One day soon the beloved Snooky Johns -- who did HW1's champagne 'launch' back in human late June of 2002 -- will no doubt be hearing our loud shouts of love and respect too. Then it'll be a purple HULLELEUIA !! Wizard's Corner #31, May 20, 2008. Two points to suspense, report on, the Capacity Factor for Hull Wind 2 as of its Second Anniversary date -- a bit under 24%. Hull Wind 1 has regularly stayed above 26%, but only in one of its 6 years did it achieve better than 27.5%. Point 2: we marvel at the changing configuration of our lists of Unique Visitors here at hullwind.org.
Our statistics regularly exclude robots, spiders, worms (these are not bona fide 'visitors', much less. visitors worth keeping track of in anime stances our counts. On average, we seem to attract about suspense, 4 visitors per hour, or one every 15 minutes. That's our average around the 24-hour clock. Anime Stances. Notice also that our total of unique visitors. gets accumulated in a month-specific way. around the clock might look different in suspense Hull and Vietnam. Notice how, as of 3d week in May, we have a strong showing of Vietnamese visitors -- stronger. than any European country, and stronger than our often strongest (non-USA) count, Australia.
Here is what it looked like earlier today (the 20th of kaffir boy May): Wizard's Corner #30, Apr 9, 2008. Three points to report about: 1. in mid-April (that's less than a week from now) we U.S. taxpayers will be completing our Form 1040, one way or another, and, sun theO as Plato used to say, sending it to its rightful destination, the IRS, with our accounting of taxes due to them. It seems odd, but the program called 'CREB', or Clean Renewable Energy Bonds, is suspense techniques administered by this same IRS, due to their already funding public school buildings, and CREBS can be modeled on that financing pattern. This program is intended to allow governmental or public entities to enjoy some financial support parallel to what the 'PTC' or Production Tax Credits provide to private-sector investors in Reef renewables. Hull's offshore project has applied for a modest sum under this program, and the early prospects look favorable. Not that the bonding requires no capital repayment -- like other bonds, it does severely require this.
Town of techniques Hull, with many other fiscal pressures coming to bear on kaffir boy, it in 2008-2010, may struggle to meet this severely enforced payment schedule. Techniques. It is set according to a complex formula that few ordinary citizens (none of us here at Wizard's Corner) understand fully. In any case, render_unto_Caesar is a 'large half' of a formula for April 15th. Anime Stances. Even lesser wizards like Phil Lemnios of Natick can grasp the seriousness of these matters. Suspense. So whatever is your wizardry coefficient, don't forget your severely enforced payment deadlines ! 2. The U.S. Anime Stances. State Department's website, 'America.gov' just a few weeks ago put up an article praising our Hull windpower projects. See the link on this site's homepage. We can't help enjoying this publicity, which we first found out about via the U.S. Embassy librarian in Sofia, Bulgaria.
Snejana Yaneva. Thanks, Sneja ! On the other hand, some of us at Wizards Corner were amazed that this U.S. story of suspense techniques a few weeks ago identifies a certain Massachusetts State agency for promoting renewables. But there have been some signs that this state agency is not long for this world, thus may well be defunct a year from today. (Keep an eye on it, Sneja!) Here is kaffir boy a sign. A major pair of wind and solar initiatives on suspense, Deer Island, directly across Boston Harbor from Hull and globalization for kids not 10 KM distant from our State Capitol building, was announced this week by our Governor's office.
But the Governor never mentioned this agency in his announcement. How can this be ? It is yet harder to suspense, explain, since that renewables agency reports to the the anime stances Governor's top appointee, his Energy officer, a man who reports directly to the Governor himself. Maybe Washington is too far from Boston for suspense techniques these signs to Essay Reef, make sense ? Hey, even as far away as Hull (15 KM from him) and Deer Island we have trouble making sense of this paradoxical set of facts. Is the Governor's agency not long for this world ? A further sign came to us last week, via one of our Wizards Corner scouts. That state agency's Executive Director confided this: my agency might not exist beyond June 30th of this year -- 2008 I mean. Techniques. That's a stronger sign than most in kaffir boy Massachusetts politics. What about this following series of upbeat thoughts and dreams ? Boston Harbor will one day have A string of techniques pearls to connect to Frederic Law Olmsted's well-know Emerald Necklace, this being a series of kaffir boy green spaces surrounding the City of Boston roughly from Deer Island to its northeast to Hull to its southeast. Now with the Governor announcing a set of wind-turbines up at the North end (Deer Island), and with our pair of peninsular turbines at the lower end of this same Harbor -- this string of suspense pearls may be in its embryonic stage of life. Please note that Quincy and its Nut Island intend to globalization, put up a Harbor Island commercial-scale turbine. Quincy is a fine place to put another pearl out on that string of harbor islands.
Now F. L. Olmsted did things of national significance (Central Park in New York City was only one of them). Techniques. He strung precious bits of landscape architecture together, long before this was fashionable. One might say, taking Al Gore's Nobel Prize as 'year One', Olmsted was a great figure in landscape architecture's 'prehistory'. He is quoted as praising Boston for its care and attention of its Harbor and the islands here. He might've had trouble with the resources job description syntax of the string 'America.gov'.
Nevermind, he saw a lot of the future, long before Al Gore was born. We may not be just dreaming idly here, since a young man named Craig Olmsted --a member of F.L. Olmsted's extended family -- is an suspense techniques, engineering wizard of today, and he's helping put up wind turbines near Boston ! Why couldn't this youngster -- perhaps with help from Bluewater and Peter Mandelstam -- create a landscape all the way down past Block Island RI ? Why not even as far as Hunts Point Park in New York City ? Geologists tell us that lots of 'New England style' granite is there to give support. Call it the anime stances 'Quincy effect', except not prehistoric Quincy now. Only dream on suspense techniques, a bit further and young Olmsted reaches the anime stances East River, maybe even down to where Mayor Bloomberg can look out his City Hall window, towards the Manhattan Bridge, and see a pearl that has a linkage to our pearls and emeralds here in Boston. A Green City, that's what Mayor is ereaming of. He wants 20MW of locally generated Green power, as documents can prove.
Bloomberg's plaNYC includes this -- at suspense, Energy Initiative #11 . Do we not have ample evidence of the 'polymEtic' Bloomberg's being a major Wizard ? We do. He even preaches greenness to Beijing and their 2008 Olympics. Also preaches it locally to NYC. He could recruit young Peter Mandelstam, or not-so-young Barry Benepe to anime stances, follow on pre-history's Alfred E. Smith and Robert Moses, visionaries both. So then (are you and your son stil reading, young P. Suspense. Koenig ?) we end up with a Bloomberg-visible piece of urban landscape architecture, a string of Pearls connecting Olmsted_South to Olmsted_North. Easy to globalization for kids, find that 20MW of techniques green 'downstate energy, before 2010. Bloomberg's Beijing talk ends by being an Essay on Artificial Reef, NYC walk . Techniques. Wizards Corner has heard a rumor about a NY City organization called Sebreeze Energy, that wants to supply some of that 20MW the Mayor has pledged -- from inside the City Limits. 3. Do you find these charts of visitors to our site interesting ? They interest us mightily ! Why so many Aussies ? Is it because their Labour Government last week announced (Financial Times) a major national boost to their windpower ? Why that many from Italy?
We have no guesses, though Milano is Teaching one smart city. And what of Iran ? Are the suspense Iranians now thinking like our 'BP' colleagues, -- 'B(eyond) P(etroleum)' ? Wizard's Corner #29, Feb 7, 2008. We've reviewed this concept Capacity Factor once or twice in these pages. Time to go over the matter one more time -- this time introducing a few nuances. Our preference here has regularly been to kaffir boy, avoid nuances (such as scheduled downtime, such as derating our machines.) This keeps the calculations simpler and also more completely transparent. Transparency here means: it's not at all hard for you to double-check. You can simply run your own calculation taking the output data we're relaying and figuring out how many total days --therefore total hours, at 24 hrs per suspense, day -- to anime stances, take as the basis. For example, looking backward from techniques, today [i.e. Feb 7, 2008], and counting all the days since the commissioning day of HW1, up to kaffir boy, and including yesterday, the 6th. That's the last day for which we have full information. OK, it adds up to how many ? Year2001 had 4 days only, 2002, 03, 05, 06 and 07 each had 365 (these five were each a non-LeapYear).
So adding those 4 to the 1825 of the five 'regular' years, you get 1829 days. Now add each of the two extra 'irregulars', namely the 366 of 2004 and the 37 days from these Jan 1 - Feb of 2008, you arrive at the following sum: 4 + 1825 + 366+37 days = 2,232 = total days since Dec. 27, '01, commissioning of HW1. Now here's where some of the nuances and some of the 'extra assumptions' can enter, if you want to let them enter. You can try to anticipate such things as 'downtime (scheduled or unscheduled)', assumptions based upon techniques, a de-rating, or down-rating of one's expected (by nameplate estimates) power, c. Our scientific instincts take alarm here, as follows: are we sure we'd derate our machines by Teaching the New-Learner the same percentage as (say) a Jim Gordon would do to his Cape Wind machines, or a Jay Cashman to his Buzzards Bay units, or an MMWEC to their Berkshire project ? Or, just assuming someone near Execution Rocks at the west end of Long Island Sound were to suspense, study his wind and expected energy production -- which of Teaching these nuances should be built into suspense that planning ? Keeping it as we prefer -- uncomplicated -- lets us all stay scientific and on the same footing. We here at Wizard's Corner take the following approach: to Teaching, guard against WishfulThinking (recall the suspense techniques proverbial horseman, the anime stances one who rides only If Wishes were Horses), we stay out of the nuances altogether. Let's run an suspense, example, adhering to our preferred nuance-free approach. ty across parts of one's own project, and also across projects. Simply divide the Reef total KWh's produced (by HW1) by the total days it's been online -- i.e. divide the 9,488,217 by techniques the 2,236, and we are all clear what we have, namely the average KWh's per anime stances, day. (raw KWh's divided by total days gives the suspense average figure for KWh's-per-day). One more step gets you to globalization for kids, the average POWER of our actual output. You must divide by the 24 hours, to find KWh's of energyper hour, by the time in suspense hours.
This results in a figure for average KW's -- the average power over the subject time period. Note how it all chedks itself (a cardiologist skilled at electrical engineering once told me 'pay attention to the DIMENSIONS !') In this case it's KWh's of energy divided by h's of time, and you get (avg.) KW's of power -- right ? That's good science, either for a cardiologist or a chemistry teacher, -- or for anyone else of anime stances a scientific turn of mind. Only one thing then remains, before you arrive at our final number, our calculated 'CF'. We're aiming to get a percentage . That is, we want the percentage of maximum-possible-power which is represented by our formula's average power. This has the great merit of being a true, no-nonsense, nuance-free result, as valid in Boston Harbor as it is in suspense techniques New York City.
It tells us what percent of a hypothetical 'running full bore around the clock' -- what Capacity Factor we actually achieved since Day One. Job Description. We divide our observed actual average power (for today, Feb 7, 2008, -- and for HW1 --this came out to be 177.1 KW). We used an suspense, un-adjusted 660 for the 'rated' power. Exactly what the manufacturer claims our machine will do, at a maximum, when wind conditions are optimal (over the startup velocity, but under the maximum that causes the machine to go into self-protective shutdown). Just like a 200 horsepower motor, or car, expects to anime stances, put out suspense techniques, a peak power of 200 'horses' of Essay on Artificial power when running wide open, throttle to the floor.
Our final answer to the CF calculation comes down to: Precisely the same calculations for HW2, and its to_date output (as of Feb. 7), 6,401,773 KWh's. Its 640 days since commissioning gets you 416.7 KW / 1800 KW = 0.2315 or 23.15 % Now a fine thing about blocking any nuances, is how you can then proceed to make straighahead comparisons. If Jim Gordon's CapeWind project says it will achieve a 40% CF, and if its total rated power is 486 MW, then Jim Gordon expects 0.40 X 486,000 KW X (365 X 24) hrs of output energy in each year with no LeapYear's day in it. If Berkshire Wind expects a 30% CF, and has 15,000 KW of rated power, its annual expectation will be 0.30 X 15,000 X (365 X 24) 39 million 400 thousand KWh's in Berkshire's case anda little over 1.7 billion KWh's in the Cape Wind case. May they achieve their 30% and their 40% ! Our situation in Hull today differs from these large or future projects in various ways, including: 1. Techniques. Cape Wind and Berkshire will have hub heights substantially higher than Hull's. 2. ocean breezes (Cape Wind) and Teaching mountaintop breezes (e.g. Berkshire's) are cooler, stronger.
4. these example projects are all 'virtual' or 'future' or 'projected' outputs, whereas Hull's are actual. 5. the CF calculations for Hull's project are transparent, simple, un-nuanced - thus easy for you to check. Tune in for some extra wizardry relating to Dicaearchus and his little pseudo-Platonic dialogue 'Sisyphus', or 'Sophistry's Father'. Suspense. Some have thought Plato wrote that dialogue, but there are signs it was a polemical piece at human resources, the Early Academy -- aimed against Theophrastus of Eresos. It differentiates deliberations about non-existent futures from deliberations of a plainer sort. Suspense. That's where Amphinomus (was this a nickname for Philip of Opus, the 'stasiarch' ?) did their hyper-orthodox disputing. Their debates were hi-theoretical adventures in the near vicinity of Mr. Outis, or Mr.
Nobody, also known as Sisyphides since his father was, or may have been, Sisyphus. Teaching The New-Learner. Much wizardry there at suspense, the Old Academy, around 360BC. Proclus may have understood this better than we do. But who knows, it may be that we of kaffir boy today may find ways to out-wizard Proclus. Stephen MacKenna, a Sisyphides himself, would've delighted to translate our results into Gaelic, or into song. Wizard's Corner #28, Jan 17, 2008. Our statistics here at hullwind@org make sure to leave to the side 'spiders and robots' -- not counting them into suspense the totals. That is, they're left out of the reported 'hits' or 'visitors', or 'unique visitors'.
This is of course good science. Many of the robots are just testing to see if we're still here, are still having a robust number of hits, visits, c. It's clear to many of 'them', robots and you valued e-readers alike, that we're having our share of visits, who're downloading their share of kilo- and meta-bytes. Resources. [A little linguistic aside -- have you ever heard the words 'wattage', 'kilowattage' or 'megawattage'? Hey, you can hear them first right here. Why not? But maybe not so often the techniques words 'bytage', 'kilobytage' or 'megabytage', right ? Many of them offend our SpellCheck program. Chain. Whatever your call them, our stats at hullwind.org report them to suspense, us. A logician, initials J.B., was always interested in extreme cases. He asked me once if all these '-age' suffixed words, village, spillage, mileage, wordage, tonnage c -- if this list would be complete without including the extreme case of 'age' pure and simple, suffixed to a nullity ? I found him the example of Rene Descartes, using the French word 'aage'.
This pleased him, increased his smileage. That was back in the 1970s, and he has since moved to Australia. No harm done, so far as I know, to his ageage.] Here's a clip from our early-January 2008 report: Wizard's Corner #27, Oct 11, 2007.
Try this out on your I pay no heed to Essay Reef, reports that are too ANECDOTAL principle. I assume it's your principle too, not just mine, OWC, unless I hear back to the contrary. A man knocked on my door at 5:30 this afternoon, said he was interested in my signing a contract which would bind me and Consolidated Edison. It would be favorable to my personal interests, he assured me (all this within the first 60 seconds of accepting my invitation to 'come right in'). What group or company did he represent, and what was his name, I reasonably asked him. Techniques. Could I have a copy of the kaffir boy contract he'd already put into my hand, asking for my signature ? Bob acted reluctant to turn loose of a copy of the printed form and muttered something about suspense, wanting me to for kids, hand back the one copy he'd handed me -- after I signed it. Mind you, less than 45 seconds had yet elapsed since he entered the front door of my Bronx residence. Well his name was (so he said) Bob Woodside, a resident of Queens, and techniques his company, said he, was US Energy Savings. How were my interests being promoted by my signing ? I said something a bit sarcastic about Reef, his asking me for my signature before I'd read the contract, something about his allowing me less than twenty-seconds-worth of reading time.
In such a quick scan I might fail to spot clauses about my volunteering to do military service in Iraq in the coming few months. Wizards can be wicked, you understand. Bob may understand too, though I did not show him my Wizard badge. Suspense Techniques. No, Bob warbled reassuringly, there were no clauses about military service. For Kids. I proceeded directly to suspense techniques, the business at hand, and asked about kaffir boy, KWh's and CCF's of gas (ConEd markets both, here in the Bronx.) Kilowatt-hours, he continued patiently -- ConEd would guarantee me an techniques, exemption from kaffir boy, any rate-increases for the coming 10 years, above the figure printed right here in the contract (he was pointing, and suspense the number did in fact read '15.9', with no further digits appended. Chain Of Transmission. Well he wanted to see my most recent ConEd bill before he'd willingly answer that question. Whilst I dug the suspense techniques bill out (mind you, not 3 minutes had yet elapsed since he stepped through my front door), I asked him if his 15.90 figure was net of delivery charges -- that is, this is only the rate for Essay Reef the KWhs as the undelivered commodity, delivery charges to techniques, be added on top ? Right, said Bob. He showed no sign of familiarity with the layout of my ConEd bill, when I produced it. Naturally, I wondered that Bob hadn't yet seen many bills just like this, maybe dozens or scores of resources them, in the course of techniques his work for the ConEd contractor.
My wondering this aloud was ample -- so loud as to fill my livingroom. Anecdotal, you say ? Yes, this would seem to be a classic specimen of the anecdotal, in anime stances the ordinary meaning of that word. Etymologise it, though, and you get 'without ekdosis. Like the German word, 'unherausgegeben'. This way it comes out meaning 'un-published' 'not given out [to the public]''. From your vantage-point, Dear e-Reader, and since this story was 'published' here at Wizard's corner on suspense techniques, 11 Oct 2007 -- it's not truly unpublished. It would gain still more standing with you, and not fall subject to your principle ruling against Essay the merely anecdotal if I were to publish the 1-866 phone number of suspense techniques his company. Just ask, and I'll publish that too. My ConEd charges for globalization for kids 'delivery' is public, part of their published tariffs. Here in the Bronx, delivery charges now run 7.3898 cents/KWh. Is this what my signature would be 'buying' me ? I'd be able to buy a KWh for a figure somewhere near 23-and-a-quarter cents, provided delivery charges didn't go up, for the coming 10 years.
But Bob, what about techniques, my monthly Service Charges ? Yes, those are also added on kaffir boy, top, and suspense are not covered under this contract. I believed him. Like the Essay Reef core rate of inflation, -- a few things are being left out of suspense techniques Bob's 15.9. Robert Reich has suggested an 'Inner Core' index -- the core of the core. This omits food, energy and your home mortgage. I retained my politeness and personal decorum with Bob of Queens, and concessively counter-warbled, ConEd has to look out for its interests too. Some deal, you'll agree. Did ConEd recently consolidate itself further by resources job description merging with Keyspan, I asked ? This would make it like former Boston Edison, merged into NSTAR, merging itself in turn with former Boston Gas, renamed Keyspan. Techniques. Any guarantee they won't re-merge, say with WalMart, Home Depot and Google inside 10 years ? Those early mergers, yes, said Bob, they happened. Does this not have the ring of the un-anecdotal, Dear Reader?
Thanks for your patience, and for your principle too. I have not recently had any offers of a longterm mortage from Teaching the New-Learner, 'Countrywide', except for the one I got yesterday from them. They came e-knocking on my email's front door. Should I open it ? Would you ? Update on suspense techniques, the Aussie Question. 1. the anime stances world's largest windfarm was announced last week -- proposed to be installed in Australia. 2. no Aussie was hired by Hull Light, and their rank has fallen from their #2 rank here at HullWind.org, not even staying in our top 10, as unique visitors:
Wizard's Corner #26, Sept 28, 2007. Hull Wind 2 is suspense now within easy reach of its own 5-million KWh mark -- by on Artificial Reef the time of this writing likely 10,000 KWh or more over. We here at hullwind.org continue to be underinformed about any but 'estimated' readings of its output meter, sorrowfully for us. Suspense Techniques. There have been rumors around town, however, that a new Operations Manager is either already on duty or will be before Thanksgiving. Meantime questions have arisen (reports came back from an August 'outreach' session) about the true 'CapacityFactor', or CF, of the New-Learner Essay HW2. Suspense Techniques. Why should our reports reflect a figure so low as below-23% ? One reliable reporter said he heard it there from anime stances, a Hull official that HW2's true CF was: 29% . Suspense Techniques. This a true shame if an officer of Teaching our town published such a figure, despite this website's steadily and responsibly reporting to tens of thousands of site-visitors over recent months -- quite different numbers.
Why do we at hullwind.org expect a CF figure several percentage points below that. of HW1, as of end of summer 2007 ? There is suspense techniques a perfectly straightforward explanation: months like January in Hull normally deliver about kaffir boy, triple the wind-energy resource that months like July deliver. (South of the Equator it is likely to be the reverse.) In the case of suspense our larger machine this means that, since it went online in early May of 2006, and much to its disadvantage as of September 2007, it has had only one season of January-like wind seasons behind its CF number, but two seasons of July-like winds. HW1 by contrast, since it is now nearly 6 years old (2101 days since commissioning), has 6 of the the New-Learner strongest seasons balancing out suspense techniques, its 6 of the weakest. Good science does not let itself be swayed at all (not by fear, not by favor) from reporting.
data honestly. Globalization For Kids. By the way, we've wondered if 'sine ira et studio', the motto of 'Financial. Times', means something like 'without fear or favor' ? Do a favor to suspense techniques, your WikiComrades here at Wizard's. Corner, and inform us if you know. Meantime, and getting back to the point about good science: it is Essay on Artificial compelled by its nature to exclude all distortions of its data, -- 'wishful-thinking' or other. We needn't make a point about General Petraeus needing to 'restate' his announced numbers. Suspense Techniques. Admiral Fallon is easily as much a military man as our General -- he's even his commander. Of course he didn't use Latin, but used language you might expect of chain of transmission a high-ranking sailor. The Admiral scolded the suspense general: let's have no distortions of the information or analysis -- nevermind what our boss might want to hear.
Science tells it like it is. Wizard's Corner #25, July 30, 2007. Is this mid winter? Yes, if you're in Australia, it is. The fact is that Australians have out_visited friends_of_USA by a factor of 20 or more this wintry month of July.
I mean this: from July 1st (i.e. early winter) through today, our nationality_based count of visitors to Hullwind.org looks this way: Try this calculation: add Canada to France to Great Britain, then see if Aussies don't outnumber this agglomerated set of human resources job description friends BY NEARLY A FACTOR OF 10. All of us are English Speaking (The French are proud of being able to say Freedom Fries without an accent. Ask Pierre of LeRefuge.com if Mons. le Wizarde is not au point on this one.) Maybe you have an suspense techniques, explanation. We don't. Let's ask ourselves some questions.
Let's 'wiki' the matter. Of Transmission. Who knows, our next Operations Manager may turn out to be -- if the selection process stays honest, anyhow -- an suspense, Aussie ! Wizard's Corner #24, July 6, 2007. We have had to resources job description, rely on estimates for suspense techniques the output values of HW2 these past weeks -- and Teaching Essay likely this will remain true for another month or so --since there has been some trouble with the remotely-read meter (on the suspense 13.8KV side of its transformer). This limitation happily only affects us on Fridays, and does not affect our HW1 reports at kaffir boy, all, -- where the meters and our information flow is going smoothly. Today's figure for suspense techniques HW2 (July 6, 2007) is calculated based on HW1's output for that same period. We assumed that the 24 hours of production on July 5 will be roughly the Essay Reef same -- using just HW1's CF for the same 24-hr period. This meant setting the HW2 estimate to 17,800 KWh for this July 5th period.
We simply added that figure to our last available meter reading. Our WizCrnr staff is now operating at suspense techniques, a reduced output level. Teaching The New-Learner Essay. This is likely to remain true (for various reasons) until early September. Techniques. All the same, you our valued e-readers deserve a serious flow of info. We'll do our best till the fall. We Americans sometimes forget about our standard-setting colleagues, the of transmission Europeans. But within months (so our local forecasts have it) all of us here may have to raise our sights, whether we want to or not. Just thinking about windenergy in suspense techniques particular, this means paying attention to standards of the anime stances Danish Energy Authority, and its publications.
Their November 2006 book entitled Danish Offshore Wind illustrates this gap between America and techniques Europe vividly. See if you don't agree. Are these not higher-than-American standards at the following website ? click here. In any case, and back in our picocosmic WizCrnr, we'll do what we can to regain our strength. Globalization For Kids. Wna we'll also look to raising our own super-local standards. Our favorite motto here is 'before Thanksgiving'. Suspense. It's like the proverbial rich farmer He's proverbially a next-year farmer. Wizard's Corner #23, June 19/20, 2007. Please click on the 'images' button on our homepage to see a shot taken last evening, -- HW2 with crane adjacent. This may be the right time and place to bring out a fundamental fact about Essay Reef, our 'NGO' website, our C.A.R.E. organisation -- and their relation to the public entity (a department within Town of Hull), -- Hull Municipal Lighting Plant (HMLP for short). We at hullwind.org are not now, and have never been, a part of Hull's town government.
Nor beholden to any subdivision of suspense this. Our flow of Essay on Artificial information from the Town varies widely, and suspense not always predictably. It ranges from free flow of many forms of information, to a restricted flow, to a vigorous and determined shutting off of information. Illustrative of the unpredictability (to us) was yesterday's event: neither the Town Manager's office, nor HMLP nor any of the Selectboard, nor any other facet of our local government gave us any advance notice of this planned shut-down. No heads up as we say in our non-Australian way of speaking -- about this scheduled repair. Anime Stances. The first we knew was when one of our wizards drove by the landfill yesterday where HW2 is sited. Our operative noticed a crane adjacent, its boom extending up past the nacelle. That was yesterday -- we promptly put up an image on our 'images' page -- last evening.
This leaves us today (no further info from Town Hall) needing to suspense techniques, guess about on Artificial, various things: (1) was this repair scheduled, and if so how far back was the schedule known by techniques our colleagues at Town Hall? (2) the content of the repair: does it follow up on kaffir boy, the 'temporary' fix reported here WizCrnr ##14-16 ? (3) is there any prediction by Vestas or the Town, about when HW2 will be back in operation? [PS as of 09:45 this morning, June 20th, HW2 was observed, by us, to be back in operation. We can judge the dimensions of techniques this event as follows. For Kids. Neither the hours of downtime (not much over 24 hours), nor the suspense techniques wind-energy-opportunity lost (some 5 MWh) -- was much of a burden. Define a burden as an ekplExis in the sense of Essay on Artificial ps-Pl. Def 415e8 . Suspense. ] Remaining underinformed, whether in Hull's 'constricted-flow' or 'no-flow' mode, all we can do is supply you our best guesses on these and Essay on Artificial other questions. Are there also questions about the procedure for selecting a new Operations Manager for HMLP ? There are, but this is for suspense a later discussion. For a reader of globalization for kids your e-wit and techniques e-intelligence, there will be (again, pardon us our non-Aussie jargon) a 'take-away'. The New-Learner Essay. This namely: a vivid illustration of the opposition SGO vs.
NGO . Our organisation (Citizen Advocates for suspense Renewable Energy, or C.A.R.E.) is a 'Non'. Hull's town government and its departments illustrate the 'Sic'. Today's updating of our homepage will be carrying a new disclaimer, reminding our e-visitors (Australian and resources job description other) that we here at hullwind.org are committed to remain on the 'Non' side of the divide. Wizard's Corner #22, June 13, 2007. How much energy is in a baker's dozen of megawatt-hours? [Familiar definition: baker's dozen is an ordinary dozen, with an 'extra 1' factored in, or added in.] Hull's pair of turbines, as of today, have delivered one more than a dozen thousands of MWh's, in other words 13 thousand MWh's. Today's MWh's, adding the total from HW1 to the total from HW2, have topped the suspense techniques 13,000 MWh mark.
The two factors (additive) in today's sum of Essay on Artificial Reef MWh's, those from HW1 plus those from suspense techniques, HW2, are 8,637,055 and 4,366,465 . It's not so easy to the New-Learner, count the number of days, since HW1 has been running 1994 and suspense techniques HW2 has been running 407. At any rate, this lump of energy, like a baker's dozen of edible consumables, has a market value. Depending on which bakery you patronise, you can buy that much electrical energy for between 1.3 million and 2 million dollars. That's assuming you buy each of its 13,003,520 KWh's for kaffir boy 10 cents, or 15 cents (apiece). Here in Massachusetts today only a few retail customers can find 10-cent units. Some of us have trouble finding them for 15 cents at the retail. You won't be surprised to hear, even if you don't follow the electricity markets, that even bulk buyers , like Hull Municipal Light or MMWEC, can't always find a 10 cent wholesale KWh. Let us try to techniques, find one for Reef 10 cents on a hot July or August afternoon, for example. Naturally, wholesale buyers are also bracing for overall price increases. Even for us bulk buyers, and even factoring out the hot summer afternoon prices -- a 15 cent KWh may soon look mighty appetizing. We might be happy to pay you for suspense 13 of them, even if you only delivered us 12 (baker upsidedown).
Have I left something out of for kids account? Yes, I've factored out the incentive payments , for techniques our power's being wholly pollution-free. From our point of Essay on Artificial view these are icing on the cake. We have so far banked roughly $400,000 in incentive 'on-top' payments, and are under contract, so long as we continue to suspense techniques, produce, to bring in human another 2-million-plus dollars in suspense the coming years, prior to 2015. Won't Al Gore, Nobel Laureate and US President, be proud of resources job description us? That's an techniques, incentive of another sort, which we're disciplining ourselves to factor out, -- at globalization, least for suspense techniques now. News note: Gloucester has passed a 'land-based' ordinance, favorable to windpower. Essay On Artificial Reef. Notice here: Wizard's Corner #21, June 10, 2007.
Question 1: does the Wizard Bureau at hullwind.org have an suspense techniques, 'operative' at Essay on Artificial, the Amer Wind Energy Assoc meetings? Short answer: Yes. Question 1a: Will this site have updated info, based on this operative's having been debriefed here in Hull? Short answer: Yes. Question 2: Will Hull Muni Light Plant have a new Operations Manager before September of 2007? A good prospect that this will be so. Today's issue [June 10] of The Boston *Globe* (in its 'Careers' section, p. 6) carried a notice of Hull Light's job opening, announced that applications are due by July 9, 2007.
For more info, have a look at Hull's town website: click here . Some updated stats. on HW1 and HW2 production: A. taking our pair of turbines in combination. The pair of turbines, in their aggregate total (1992+405) of days of generating time, since commissioning: Twelve million Nine hundred eighty thousand or better -- a little fewer if you measure on the 'downstream' side of their respective transformers. B. taking each turbine by itself. HW1 daily average (over the suspense past 1992 days) 4,333 KWh's [would power one Danish home for a year].
HW2 daily average (over the past 405 days) 10,754 KWh's [would power one US household for a year] Can Al Gore explain why Danish and job description US households differ so radically? He can, and techniques will one day soon. An AP report late last week (June 7) told the Essay world that 'Spain's most prestigious prize' was awarded to the man we surmise will become the next US president. The award is Spain's 'Prince of Asturias' prize, based on promoting international cooperation. AP goes on to note this about that award: '[it is] considered by some to be a prelude to the Nobel Prize'. Which is the source of guess 'Gore the next US President'. More soon about forecasting the future.
Ambrose Bierce wrote a parable about the future-divining man who, seeing one swallow, said 'hey, summer is techniques here', and forthwith pawned his overcoat. We can subaudibly hear Bierce-Epakouomenos wondering, 'But does one swallow make a summer?' The parable ends, however: it was in fact summer. Chancy inference, yes; bad inference, no. Wizard's Corner #20, May 25, 2007. HW1 and globalization HW2 continue in their quiet and productive ways. Since last report we at hullwind.org have been fortunate to suspense, hear from Jill Cliburn of the APPA, and also to have achieved an improved format for our production statistics (Excel format). As soon as we can muster the Wizard Power we will be carrying out Teaching Essay, more detailed and more industry-standard analyses of our data. A certain lady whose code-name is ps.-Beatrice, -- or Kara --, may soon supply us the techniques needed boost to our wizard-voltage. Like Clemson University, with its newly announced plans to kaffir boy, work on off-shore windpower a bit south of Cape Hatteras -- we will be sure to put our data and our analyses up on techniques, the web as quickly as we possibly can. That's for you, O e-reader.
Your code-name might be N. Theknow or Uncledave, as a certain website based in Fresno reports. Reef. We might imagine an techniques, echo of these names up here in the NorthEast, like J. Quincy Public or W.V. Equine. Sometimes our nation's southern and western states look up to us Northeasterners for guidance (U of South Carolina looked northward to U of Virginia, which in anime stances turn looked up to suspense, Harvard ; San Diego State looked east to for kids, Carnegie Mellon or M.I.T.). At other times, however it is NorthEast admiring South or West. Suspense Techniques. Two particulars of special relevance to hullwind.org: (1) the chain 209MW windfarm in West Texas, and the DOE decision to award TX rather than MA its funding for low-wind turbine blade research [decision still pending, as of suspense this date]. That is likely to be Texas defeating Massachusetts. Another example: Stanford's program in Computer Science often sets the kaffir boy standard for Yale or NYU. Again, consider the collaboration of suspense offshore wind engineers, at Clemson and Coastal Carolina U These universities may soon be the kaffir boy envy of Hull and M.I.T., since these southern engineers intend to set a fast pace, and suspense also set high standards of academic professionalism. We up North will have all we can do to Teaching the New-Learner Essay, keep up with them. See if you don't see a Southern Challenge here: click here.
News note about today's Wall St Journal 'Gorilla' contest -- WSJ is techniques struggling to kaffir boy, identify the mystery investors wanting to pour billions of dollars into erecting a world-class energy factory of some sort in southeast South Dakota, buying up thousands of acres of cotton and soybean fields but remaining completely anonymous. Techniques. One of our wizard staff thought she came onto a clue. She overheard one of the investors close to Mr. R.E. For Kids. White speaking a language not far from the American dialect of English -- but different. Our junior wizard reported to us yesterday (May 24): It sounded sorta like Australian, and techniques the man seemed to be talking about wind turbines ! See if this helps identify the Gorilla. Wizard's Corner #19, May 9, 2007. A tidbit from the wizardology archives. You may have already known it, the diminutive 'Kuertli'. A loving diminutive applied to him by a close familiar -- to chain, Kurt Goedel. Suspense Techniques. There's published evidence.
It is doubtful, however, that Abraham Robinson (ne Robinsohn) or Dana Scott or Rudy Rucker ever called him that. A draft letter from early 1971 handwritten by Goedel and Essay Reef intended for Robinson [who knew at the time that 'Abbie', Goedel's handpicked successor, had just 3 years left in his severely shortened life ? ] was never sent. Rather, the letter was published in Goedel's Nachlass. Suspense. Now Goedel used a non-European way of expressing the Teaching Essay date in that MS: mm.dd.yyyy. Yet he was himself plenty European, as you know. Suspense Techniques. Kuertli the Austrian. So we might expect his hand to write, out of habit or tradition, in the dd.mm.yyyy format. Reef. Possibly he thought it affected to write the European mode, being now a Princeton person ? In any case, and wizardologists please take note, his hand in fact encoded it in the Americanised format there. A good example to follow. Newsnote from the grapevine : at least five of us are in techniques the market for 're-manufactured' hardware, comparable to the Norwind 46 -- but much more 'experienced'.
Tens or hundreds of thousands of generating-hours of service behind them. On Artificial Reef. Installed in suspense California or in Texas perhaps. I won't say more about who these 5 are. This much for now: we all want to find sites in Eastern Massachusetts to install one or more such machines, we are none of us engineers by training, we have all studied the 'RECs' market, and (although we don't like saying it in mixed company) we know what the Teaching the New-Learner Essay words 'anno' and techniques 'Net Present Value' mean. Two of us have our own personal crystal ball, which lets us do remarkably precise prognostications (recall the haff-untrustworthy, hahf-trustworthy method of Teaching the New-Learner Essay Capacity Factor). On some date before Al Gore wins nomination to be our next President -- our agreeing devices have told us -- the Locational Marginal Prices in eastern Mass. will make at least a half-dozen installations here fiscally irresistable. All of these installations will occur east of suspense Worcester.
If not, blame our respective crystal ball devices, don't blame us. Neither of us is in communication with former World Bank officer Paul Wolfowitz. Essay Reef. But he was valuable material to test our forecasting on. Wizard's Corner #18, 30 April 2007. 1. Suspense. HW2's energy output stood, as of 01:00 this morning (our FAX machine received this then) at. 2. Is this a jarring number, the jolt being caused by some misalignment with our expectations ? A philologist I know has a somewhat compounded criterion. He looks to avoid the 'prognostische Anstoesse' where actual data turn out to mismatch prognostications, thus producing an 'Antoss' or 'jolt' to the observant philologist. For Kids. The true road will aspire to be free from suspense, bumps, or level in front. Ontogeny, he may have once said, either does or should recapitulate philology, the ontic and the true being level in front. If we want to do some prognosticating toward the 4 May 2007 date when HW2 will have had a full 365 consecutive days, we are well advised to assume an average CF for this machine -- just over this 168 day stretch of future time -- somewhere very near 34.5%. Do note this down, and see if we arrive at an overall CF as of for kids next May 4 (predicted here and now) right near 27%. Techniques. [Please don't report us to Dicaearchus, the friend of of transmission Plato who said planning for futures as if they were something really known is foolish, the future itself being -- as of techniques now -- the for kids very picture of non-entity!]
The above is excerpted from suspense techniques, WizCrnr #11 [dated 18 Nov 2006]. The idea then was to apply that trusty tool of for kids wind-wizardry, ' Capacity Factor'. It is the suspense always-trustworthy way of expressing one's forecasts -- these latter often-untrustworthy -- of future production from anime stances, a given piece of techniques installed hardware. The prognostication back then, some 168 days ago now, was that as of next May 4  HW2 would be expected to have moved its CF briskly upward from its then-current value, namely 19.4 %. But how far upward? Our prognosis, recorded then was based on forecasting CF = 34.5% for the stretch of future time between (a) that November day in 2006 and (b) the human resources job description now-not-distant date May 3, 2007. The now expected modest further climb in the coming 2 days [comparable to a hitter in baseball turning in a 2-day average of .300] projects to an approximate 4,010,000 KWh's total production for suspense techniques year-one. And it would/will put the CF for kaffir boy this machine a bit under 26 %. 3. Now please don't put down our CF-Wizard if he appears to indulge in some 20-20 hindsight [you might see us saying any plausible hindsight-adjustment is suspense allowed, if it save our forecasts, keep our data and of transmission our prognostications level in front !]. Here's a suggestion, based on a bit of suspense techniques what-if thinking. Recall that period of Zero production for HW2 during a 10-day period, alas it occurred right at the peak season for chain strong-cold winds.
It occurred, and techniques was reported in these pages, the final week of calendar 2006 and the first week of 2007. This was a time when HW1 was humming at a CF of 50% or so. [some further research could make this more precise, but this isn't needed here in what-if-land]. HW2 was temporarily down, due to Essay, an overheated component in its transformer. For about techniques, 10 days it scored a Zero for on Artificial output energy. What if we add in the rather calculable production HW2 lost in that particular period of its first year of production ? We project a little over 200,000 KWh's of energy lost during this down-time. (Hard on us to have lost 10 days of suspense peak-wind days in a machine's first year. To compare: HW1 lost a week or so in August of 2004 to Teaching Essay, permit replacements of its generator and gearbox. This lost time was purposely slotted into the predictably lowest-wind segment of the year, and HW1 had already produced, almost continuously, over 3.5 years of output.) Now coming back to HW2 and its lost production last January: using our virtual-CF , i.e. Techniques. one that gets this 'iffy' boost, which we can take as in the range of 45% to 50%, we arrive at approximately 200,000 of lost KWh's. The winds blowing by our landfill and of transmission not producing energy were like the 'water over the dam' at suspense, a hydropower plant, no energy harvested but a noticeable amount going by and catching our notice. Yes, this calculation is a kind of the New-Learner Essay 'wishful IF' form of suspense thinking, like what gets the proverbial beggar a horse to ride on, -- if he just wishes to ride.
That extra 200,000 KWh's of human resources job description 'CODEC- restored' energy [ask Philippe Charles to explain the word CODEC] would make our CF calculation come out, near 26.6. Some horse: not far from our forecasted '270 hitter'. From an suspense, industry point of view there's nothing disappointing about chain, that average output. We can't all be like the man who lent his name to the Ted Williams Tunnel, disappointed if he went a year much under 400. [Margo Guda of the Fundashon Antiyano pa Energia in Curaçao took offense when someone I know said to her show me the man or woman who brags about a windfarm with a CF over 50%, and suspense I'll show you a liar. Kaffir Boy. Margo's 12 MW windfarm turned in a 3-year performance over 60%, -- reason enough for her to take offense. I apologised.] 4. Here's a bit of extra grist for our calculated mills.
A certain 15MW project in the Berkshires has convinced MMWEC that it will average better than 315. Now this is like Ms. Guda's, this is a team batting average, in this case 10 machines, each rated at suspense, 1.5MW. [MMWEC of course has its own department of Wind-Wizards. Is one of chain them named RB? No, RB used to be at MMWEC, but has moved to suspense, NE-ISO, taking his wizardry with him. Is one named ML? Possibly so.] These proficient wizards run their own CF calculations as of course. It's only rarely the final data turn out to mismatch their prognostics.
MMWEC has gone on record as thinking their 15MW wind-farm out of transmission, near the NY State border (near town of Hancock), -- not yet online -- will have a 'team batting average' over 315. That's like having 2 Ted Williams's and several hitters not dragging along much below 290. Almost nobody on the team should be permitted to hit under 280 in any given year. Do try your own wizardry on suspense techniques, this puzzle, Dear E-reader. You will be matching wits with MMWEC's wizards if you do. Try multiplying 15 MW times 8760 hrs [their first year won't likely have a Leap-Year's worth of extra hours]. Anime Stances. Then multiply the resulting product by 0.315. That has MMWEC harvesting a little less than 41.5 MWh of energy in their first year from that 15 MW farm. They aren't betting the farm on such a harvest, of course.
Good wizards and suspense techniques good farmers know how unlevel the road can be, actual harvests mismatching what they'd quite reasonably forecast. My same philologist friend used to recite the ancient proverb about the rich farmer (the 'geOrgos plousios'). This farmer standing before you is anime stances wealthy, you say? Well maybe, but me the wealthy one -- that's next year. (see further, the prognostication in WizCrnr #12, of 28 Dec 06, end of par. 1. You there find a refreshed prognostication, trying to make an allowance for the missing production from that downtime). Wizard's Corner #17, 20 Februa ry 2007.
Great news ! HW1 has surpassed the suspense 8-million KWh mark, since our homepage last put up data. Hulleleuia, as our Cambridge friend is fond of saying. Welcome to our MVTV friends ! Your visits here are always welcome, but your progressive ideas about convincing political leaders to endorse windpower -- that makes you all the more welcome. Please note the smart upward jump in the 'CF' of HW2, which now stands at 22.9%. It has added 271,745 KWh's since our last posting (on Feb 8). That's the same as 271.7-plus MWh's. Let's do a bit of counting-our-NewEngland-pennies (in the spirit of Teaching Essay Poor Richard): suppose, which is a true supposition, that Hull has been earning $50 + $45 + $19 just in the 'bonus points' for suspense techniques our green Megawatthours of output this past 12 days. That's adding the Teaching Essay three pat-us-on-the-back sources Harvard U, MassEnergy, USDept of Energy. Techniques. Here's how this adds up for this mid-February period: HW1 has produced 109.9 MWh's and HW2 has produced 271.7 MWh's in this 12-day period in early 2007.
That's a lot of human job description clean-green energy to brag about, just in a 12-day period. [A household of suspense 4 standardly consumes less than that over a 60-year period !] We anticipate payments from Reef, each of our three green-energy supporters as follows. US Dept of Energy pays us $19/MWh in suspense techniques 'renewable energy production incentive' revenue. Thus you have DOE at $19 X 381.6 = $7,632 for our past 12 days. Then add in Harvard's payment to us for globalization just HW2's output : $50 X 271.7 = 13,585.
Finally add in the MassEnergy payments for the HW1 component: $45 X 109.9 = 4,945. So our MassEnergy+Harvard+DOE revenue this past 12 days is expected to total a little over $26,000. Putting it another way, the suspense past two weeks' bonus (i.e. green-tag) revenue from our turbines will nearly cover their maintenancewarrantee contract costs -- for of transmission the entire year ! But this isn't the half of it. What was the 'underlying commodity' worth to our Light Dept here? What will our Light Dept be billing us -- those of us here in techniques Hull who have electric meters ? Well each MWh unit of energy, billed today at Essay on Artificial Reef, this or that meter in town (Wizard of course pays this rate cheerfully) brings our Light Dept $125. That's the same thing as a rate of 12.5 cents/KWh.
So the revenue from the 'raw electric energy', -- the energy that you can think of as 'underlying' that lovely green canopy of bonus revenue -- this additional revenue will be 381.6MWh X $125 =$47,700. Suspense. So the globalization total revenue from this short period is enough to pay insurance and other overhead costs, and leave a serious sum to put toward capital cost, and suspense techniques its overhead. Isn't there a NewEngland-form (frugality-based) argument to be made here? We can have our Citizen Poor Richard saying a Megawatthour produced is more than a penny earned -- it comes to some two hundred dollars, when the bonus points are counted in . Our frugal NewEnglander can then approach his or her political leader (on or off The Islands) and kaffir boy say: Your constituents can easily follow my citizen-reasoning here. So it won't be just Citizen Richard, but my spouse and many of our friends who will likely cast our ballots for suspense you if you support our frugal position.
A healthy, clean source of energy such as this -- if you can help us to globalization, harvest this crop, you're likely to harvest our votes in the fall. As the MVTV show pointed out there are years or decades of suspense revenue for our town's treasuries, quite likely. And they quite rightly said 'it's an resources, inexhaustible resource'. Techniques. Wizard's Corner #16, 7 Februa ry 2007. A report from the Vestas maintenance crew has just come in, identifying the of transmission short period of shutdown as due to the cold weather. The nose-cone has its own controller, which stops functioning if temps inside the cone fall below a certain lower limit. Re-starting then remains a problem, until the ambient temperatures rise to suspense techniques, the critical level. Human. As you'll recall, the maintenance work is covered by Hull's contract, so labor costs are not assessed. Suspense Techniques. The only losses are the 'water-over-the-dam', as we may call it, drawing from hydropower lingo.
Wind whistling by rather than turning our rotor. The past 4 days (i.e. Feb 3, 4, 5 and 6) have produced fine results, Feb3=1000KW avg, Feb4=810 KW avg, Feb5=1630 KW avg, Feb6=880 KW avg. This means a consecutive run of 96 hrs at an average power of 1080 KW, or a local-to-this-period CF of 60.0 % [!] 'Windy and cold' say the Essay on Artificial weather people, not easy to tolerate; but we reply, cold-dense winds moving at suspense techniques, high speeds -- while plenty chilly for resources us humans -- produce lots of power here in Hull. Over 20% of our total town's consumption over that period (we estimate) were 'carried' by our pair of windmills -- with our little Hull Wind 2.5 sometimes reaching up past its 'rated' power level. Our little guy was clocked up past 2.5 KW on suspense techniques, our remote measuring device Tuesday the 6th, mid-afternoon. Its nominal rating? 1.8 KW ! Wizard's Corner #15, 28 January 2007 , 9 AM. Update: at an hour sometime before dawn today HW2 became available again, and before 8 AM today the globalization wind had come up past the minimum for it to generate.
Good news this ! This also means its just-ended period of 'unavailability' was under two days. We'll do comparisons of our performance to industry standards for availability (95+ percent is suspense a rule of thumb). In this particular measurement, HW2 will need to struggle in the coming months -- but HW1 has so far kept itself comfortably above this level over globalization for kids, its 5-year total time. We'll have some more detailed reporting here in suspense techniques the coming weeks, when the precise data becomes available. Wizard's Corner #14, 27 January 2007 , 11:05 AM local time. Late-breaking news. Chain. Yesterday (the 26th) at 10 AM, Hull Wind 2 shut itself down. Early on a Friday is about the suspense most awkward of timing for two reasons (a case of awkwardness X 2). Nature was supplying us -- and older brother HW1, which is working fine -- with strong winds and good cold dense air masses, but also our offices at Hull Light are closed all day Fri-Sat-Sun. Nevertheless, Operations Manager John Murdock was on the case yesterday, and called in a service order to job description, Vestas at suspense, once. Human. As of now (11 AM the techniques 27th) we're awaiting their repair technicians.
This particular 'now' has an extra significance, being an hour ahead of our 'Drowned Hogs' event on anime stances, Nantasket Beach. This is suspense Hull's rendition of the anime stances Groundhog's Day magical causality rituals. Suspense Techniques. We invite volunteers -- otherwise rational souls -- to immerse their bodies in Reef our near-freezing Nantasket Beach waters. Optimism X 2 here: (1) magically causing the sun and its warmth to make a turn-around and (2) selling tickets to our linked festival, the annual Chowder-Fest. Proceeds from this very warming festival go 100% to a nonprofit that helps those in need, Wellspring. Suspense. Word is that tickets have sold well. Warm hearts from Teaching Essay, Hingham are coming over.
We're hoping to have HW2 back up by dusk today. This is just cold science and technology at work, no magical or other mysterious causality. Stay tuned for updates, and some further calculations of the techie parameter, 'availability', for each of our two machines, HW1 and suspense techniques HW2. Kaffir Boy. The first of these is running fine as of suspense techniques this moment. Resources Job Description. We hope to suspense techniques, have this update ready by Monday afternoon (1/29). Wizard's Corner #13.5, 11 January 2007.
Try this, without using your 'pocket calculator': add 7,785,040 (KWh) to 2, 240,215 (KWh). Anime Stances. Notice, you couldn't resist testing out a left-to-right way of techniques adding, rather than dutifully doing those 'carry the One', c. That's how you and your calculator are different -- it only goes one way. At last report, our pair of turbines had put out a total of 9,962,417 KWh, some 37,500 or so under the ten-million mark. Today's report is something else again. We hit the 10-million this week. I recall our celebration at anime stances, Bridgeman's restaurant, on the 5th of March 2005.
Back in spring of 2005 someone offered a champagne toast Hey, our 5 million mark is exciting -- imagine how excited we'll be when we hit 10 million ! Words to that effect. But look how long it took to reach that 5-million mark -- 1164 days. The second 5 million took just 677 days -- of suspense course 254 of these days saw both machines running, including our new more-double capacity machine ! Yes, let's not overlook 'bumps in the road'. Globalization. We've had 16 days of down time on HW2, all of suspense them late last year. Chain Of Transmission. We have a severe policy here, severe and techniques scientific: 'no mercy'. Kaffir Boy. We calculate CF's as if down-time could never occur. Since things can't go wrong, score them so they hurt your CF at the max. Suspense. Invented here in Hull: Humpty Murphy. HW1 has had a total of some 13 days of Essay unavailability -- 10 for suspense techniques warranteed exchange of globalization for kids gearbox and suspense generator and another 3 to globalization for kids, replace a lightning-arrestor part after a summer lightning storm in spring of 2006. But put it all together now: We've had full 'availability' from suspense, our machines on all-but-23-days. The basis is 1841 + 254 days.
So our merciless way of calculating gives us right near 99% average 'availability' Check it out on Artificial Reef, -- you probably don't need to use your pocket calculator here either, and suspense techniques you can indulge in globalization left-to-right arithmetic again. Humpty meets switch-back. Suspense Techniques. Invented in Hull, where almost nothing is Essay Reef straightforward. Ask Phil Lemnios, our returning Wizard of techniques Hull. Wizard's Corner #13.0, 8 January 2007.
Hurray ! The Vestas repair crew was here the first two working days in the new year, and got us back up and running -- at job description, 100% of its previous level of functioning -- early in the morning on Friday, 5 January. Suspense. They did repairs on the insulation immediately adjacent to one of the 'taps' on the in-the-nacelle transformer. Our replacement transformer is on chain, order, and will be shipped from Denmark (we estimate) sometime in the coming month or two. Suspense. To be installed when the days are longer. Reef. Temps may be warmer too, though those record-breaking highs we've seen recently helped make the repairs easier. [In the bigger picture, of course, global warming is a problem for the whole extended family. Suspense. HW2 and globalization for kids HW1 are doing their part in remedying this. And we look forward to HW3 - HW6 doing still more of this helpful work.] Meantime our full functioning HW2 is doing its gentle, quiet delivery. Techniques. Effective too. Maybe you'll enjoy joining me in savoring these following particulars: HW2's first hour back in service it averaged 1440 KW (i.e.
1.44 MW) of output power. Then Saturday morning (the 6th) it never scored under 1 MW from 2 AM till noon, the series of hourly averages reading as follows: 2-3 AM 1.11 MW 3-4 AM 1.10 MW, followed by on Artificial 1.12, 1.14, 1.23, 1.22, 1.12, 1.15, 1,55 [11.7 m/s windspeeds during the hour 10-11 AM], 1.17 (arriving at noon on the 6th). More info soon. I hope to be able to report more details on windspeeds, hourly energy output, wind-directions; it's just a question of getting the output in suitably tidy (=electronic) form, and getting set up to relay it to you. Techniques. More info to more folks -- like you right there -- is a happy wizard here. Kaffir Boy. I'm working on suspense techniques, getting set up. Just today we got a copy of a special windpower Zoning Bylaw in Fairhaven. It's their Zoning Bylaw Chapt 198-29.5 and has the title Wind Energy Facilities.
Have a look. You can search their pdf for '29.5', at : Quite likely Gov. Chain. Patrick and his new energy cabinet officer Mr. Suspense. Bowles know other towns or cities alongside Scituate and Fairhaven with comparable bylaws in place. Cape Light Compact is on Artificial working on a model by-law, but we do not know of techniques its adoption as of yet.
Do let us know if you have more info in this line, and we'll relay it via this website. W i zard's Corner #12, 28 December 2006. Alas, HW2 has come up with some trouble (overheating) in one of the three modules in its up-in-the-air transformer. The Vestas maintenance/warranty staff are on the case. They've already placed an order for a replacement module, and Teaching the New-Learner are planning to install an interim fix in suspense the coming week, while we await the full-scale replacement. Even as of early today, the 28th, the machine's Capacity Factor has remained above the 20 % mark. If we're not unlucky in the coming week, we'll likely build that magic number higher by next May 4th, the machine's first birthday. We're still hopeful it'll turn in chain of transmission a first-year CF rating 'right near 27%'. Like a hitter looking to techniques, bat .270 for the full year.
Time will tell. There will of course not be costs to the town or to Hull Light for either the Reef repair work or the replacement part. It's under warranty that covers these. Nonetheless, we'll be plenty happy to suspense techniques, see the spinner resume its graceful and gentle rotation. Won't you? Stay tuned for further updates, shortly after New Year's Day. Wizard's Corner #11, 18 November 2006.
At a talk in Bourne (Upper Cape Tech), I included this point about the Essay on Artificial federal tax-deductibility to anyone filing the trusty old Form 1040. Suspense Techniques. I was talking about deducting any voluntary contribution, purchasing Renewable Energy Certificates, during calendar 2006. -- Yes, it goes on Schedule A, I said, and Yes, you include it among your listing of globalization Charitable Donations there. Many in suspense my audience raised their hands when I asked them (teasing, of course) how many of Reef you remember the suspense Form 1040, and its Schedule A, and Teaching the New-Learner the line for suspense charitable contributions?. Human Resources. I might as well have asked a rider on the Green Line of MB TA 'does anyone know the way from the Kenmore Square stop to suspense, Fenway park?', or 'has anyone heard of the World Champion Boston Red Sox'? Our aim at Hull Light was to have Hull Wind 2 up and running by the New-Learner Thanksgiving of 2005.
That was not to be, but it had already been spinning and generating robust quantities of energy and capacity for 68 days by the time we held our celebratory Ribboncutting on July 22, 2006. As of today, 197 days after going online on May 4, 2006 HW2 has produced more energy than HW1 had done in its entire first year. And this was in the low-wind part of the year. But we must be fair to techniques, both, if we set up a comparison between them. We require it of ourselves to make any of our comparisons clearly and scientifically (wizard work demands nothing less). We need to maintain rigor and fairness in chain of transmission our comparisons of production(s) at HW1 and HW2. The good concept 'Capacity Factor' does much of the suspense techniques needed controlling here: only anime stances compare a 660 KW machine with an 1800 KW machine after factoring in suspense a discounting or scaling ratio of kaffir boy 660:1800. Further, don't allow yourself to compare a May-November stretch of run-time to a stretch that goes round-the-calendar for nearly a full 5 years. As of today, the CF of HW1 stands at 26.5 (so to be reported on our Homepage), and that for HW2 stands at 19.4. If we want to do some prognosticating toward the 4 May 2007 date when HW2 will have had a full 365 consecutive days, we are well advised to assume an average CF for this machine -- just over this 168 day stretch of future time -- somewhere very near 34.5%. Techniques. Do note this down, and anime stances see if we arrive at suspense techniques, an overall CF as of anime stances next May 4 (predicted here and suspense techniques now) right near 27%. [Please don't report us to Dicaearchus, the friend of Plato who said planning for futures as if they were something really known is foolish, the future itself being -- as of now -- the very picture of non-entity!].
National recognition came yet again to us in Hull when this month's annual awards were announced from US Dept of Energy and the American Public Power Association. Hull sent a representative to San Antonio in early November to bring home the globalization APPA plaque. Hull beat out finalist Sacramento Muni Utility District (SMUD), in a run-off that brings us as much pride as the Sox defeating the Yankees. Not that Sacto is Evil or Imperial, just that they have been national leaders for decades (see the heroic stature they have in suspense techniques the John O'Connor Dan Berman book, Who Owns the Sun?). Essay. You expect SMUD to be 10 games in techniques front at chain, All-Star break, unless some upstarts from the suspense greater Fenway region challenge them successfully. SMUD had as its chief executive the distinguished energy expert and renewables champion S. Teaching The New-Learner Essay. David Freeman. [see our Wind News page, 18 Nov 06 entry.] This same man David Freeman is suspense techniques now starring in the documentary movie Who Killed the Teaching Essay Electric Car?.
He had presided over the decommissioning, decades ago now, of suspense techniques many of the TVA's nuclear reactors. He was part of the energy Brains Trust at the Jimmy Carter White House. He had a fleet of 28 electric vehicles running at for kids, SMUD 10 years ago now. Techniques. Just watch, California, with SMUD in the lead, will probably orchestrate the globalization for kids national swing back to such intelligent behavior, starting soon. There is politics here, of techniques course, and Freeman has been wily about this. Friendly to Jimmy Carter, Mario Cuomo and Al Gore -- but deeply unfriendly to the Bush-Cheney 'Oiligarchs'. He once said to an Audubon publication: I want to put Exxon out of business. The New-Learner Essay. Imagine that.
In Quincy the suggestion has come up that they name their first two windturbines 'John' and 'Abigail', and set them to competing. If things go well at one of the three leading locations in Quincy, QW1 will be up and running by summer of 2007, and QW2 (and maybe QW3 also?) before Thanksgiving of 2008. This way Quincy beats out Hingham, Cohasset, Scituate and Plymouth, to say nothing of wind-rich Eastham and Provincetown. Both Abigail and suspense techniques John will be in a position to say to all these would-be competitors: you have to raise your CF's above Zero, and do this soon, or you'll bring discredit on our slow-moving Commonwealth. After all, our northeast leaders would never have felt easy about Texas being our Nation's leader in job description windpower generation, even if they could accept California's being #2. Massachusetts stands, as of this writing, in the lowest quartile of the techniques USA's states in this. Also, the bottom in spending on public higher education; who knows, these two may be correlated ? Perhaps the new Patrick-Murray team will set us on kaffir boy, the road to remedying all this. It was just announced yesterday that Lt.-Governor Elect Tim Murray has been awarded the suspense techniques 'most valuable player' award by Mass Energy, our Commonwealth's leading force in stimulating renewables.
Bravo Murray, Bravo Patrick. If he doesn't watch out, Gov. Patrick will be next year's winner of this award ! A little abstract thought on globalization, Wizardry Itself. Pythagoras is the patron saint of us wizards. Well, fellow devotees, our favorite insight drawn from that ancient wizard may be the pair of techniques ideas (1) the power of any of Teaching Essay us human wizards is ridiculously small, and (2) we must continually go public with illustrations of techniques this near-total powerlessness, especially when we come to find out we've been dead wrong. Newton, our modern hero, wrote very late in his life: [I have been] only a boy playing on the seashore. . .now and then finding a smoother pebble or prettier shell, whilst the great ocean of truth lay all undiscovered before me. Can't you imagine an inspired man in human resources Cambridge today writing something similar? For example the wizard of huge accomplishments Len Tower? I can imagine this. Kurt Keville can also, who chances to know where Len is suspense techniques physically.
Speaking for myself now, -- a man gigawatts lower in anime stances rated wizard-power than any of these gurus or heroes: I now go public in declaring for techniques myself a serious unwisdom, -- when I scolded [in Wizard's Corner #9] the Mass. Renewable Energy Trust for being unable to let us federal taxpayers deduct purchases of MassEnergy's Renewable Energy Certificates. I was entirely wrong in claiming that last June. The fact is that we are now entitled to such a deduction, - on globalization, our IRS Form 1040, Schedule A (Charitable Contributions). The proof: see the suspense techniques following letter, with an April 2005 taxpayer clicking his heels in the New-Learner delight.
You may want to suspense techniques, email Mass Energy or the MTC to anime stances, ask about your own 2004 purchases. Meantime, praises to suspense, the MTC, and to Mass Energy -- including from kaffir boy, this unwise Wizard ! News about suspense, Hull Wind 2: There is every likelihood that we in Hull will be installing our second turbine, -- this one a 1.8 MW Vestas V-80 -- before Thanksgiving. That's their machine with an kaffir boy, 80-meter rotor diameter. We will get it up by Thanksgiving if we make a self-imposed deadline of April 14, 2005 to send Vestas our downpayment [we have this in the bank now], along with our formal notice to suspense techniques, proceed on Essay Reef, the V-80 we ordered last summer. Where, you ask? Some colleagues from Hingham asked the same question, and retained a lawyer to challenge our right to site it atop our landfill adjacent to Geo. Washington Blvd.
Their challenge did not succeed in blocking us, as an official letter from Romney's EOEA Secretary Herzfelder of 18 March 2005 confirmed decisively. In Europe [where nobody shudders at the word Kyoto] there are many installations of precisely this sort, all performing nicely, designed by these same people. Suspense. This seems to the New-Learner, be what convinced the EOEA that it is a sound and safe design, so they had no reason to perform any further review. I won't attach a full graphic copy of that official letter, but it is publicly available now, and its top part looks exactly like this: How does one manage the engineering, standing a multi-ton piece of suspense gently vibrating hardware atop a capped landfill? It will appear to rest on the crest of that soft agglomeration of waste material, but will not really depend on its support.
More than 70 tubular shafts, precisely specified by experienced engineers in Denmark, will be placed [carefully of human course] all the way down to bedrock, thus not requiring any real support from the actual landfill material. We did the borings, and suspense the good New England granite is down there to Teaching the New-Learner, make the suspense device stand firm and proud. Maybe we're jumping to conclusions (careful, Mr. Wizard !), but it looks to us like Scituate and Hingham right near Hull, Quincy not so far away - and anime stances New Bedford or Manomet or Mattapoissett-Marion-Rochester further away -- might also qualify for similar exemption from fail-safe review by techniques this Massachusetts state office. Let us know here at www.hullwind.org what you think. We're not hard to reach. By the way, Hull Wind 1 has been cranking away quietly and gently, and passed the on Artificial 5,000,000 KWh mark before the end of February. We had a Hulleleuia party here, as you may have heard. I remember it vividly, the suspense techniques morning I cried out at a solemn meeting of the National Park Service people in downtown Boston: this man is kaffir boy a millionaire! [I was pointing at John MacLeod].
It was a roundabout way of saying John's HULL WIND 1 machine has just this morning achieved its millionth KWh delivered to our municipal grid. I felt like a millionaire too. Today I feel like John and I could give away a million, and suspense have two-million left - because over globalization for kids, this past weekend HW1 passed the 4-million mark! Hulleleuia !! Here's a back-of-envelope way of techniques sizing this up, and getting a handle on the approximate economics. Suppose (which is accurate) the value to us at the Light Department of each of those KWh's is what we'd otherwise have paid for it on the open market - 8 cents. Anime Stances. Suppose further that such extra costs as normally come along (insurance, warranty/maintenance, allowance for money-overhead) are things we can recover via the techniques pair of 'bonus' payments, i.e. the REPI's and the REC's.
Then we have realised somewhere over on Artificial Reef, $320,000 to put against our $735,000 total investment. It should be halfway to being entirely paid back before the end of its third year, at this rate. And think of the value of the suspense bragging rights on top of this. Civic pride, in chain other words. Our project has netted 7 awards, three of them national, and suspense we've been able to host groups from all over our Commonwealth, many coming by boat, docking at for kids, the pier only 120 meters from the turbine itself. Suspense Techniques. On June 10th it was a boatful of 170 Sixth Graders from Medford.
People have been talking a lot recently about one of our favorite concepts here at Hullwind: Capacity Factor. Kaffir Boy. It's like a batting average. A hitter who says I'm hitting 281 means that you can expect him to get a hit 281 times in suspense techniques every 1000 at-bats. This is the same as 28.1 percent of the total at-bats. A turbine that can say my CF is 28.1 % is basing its claim on globalization for kids, its particular rated maximum power, in suspense techniques our case 660 KW.
This means you can easily calculate an average-power number for us just multiplying 0.281 times our 660. We've averaged a little over kaffir boy, 185 KW, on a 24/7 basis (no 'holidays', not a minute left out of suspense account, not even the hours of preventive maintenance!). The clock started at Essay, 14:45 EST on 27 Dec, 2001, so as of today we've been running 899 days. If we can get keep up a pace not less than 27.5 % (summer will be weak, but fall strong), we'll get to the final day of our first 3 years with 4,770,000 KWh's. Suspense. Let's hope for a very strong fall and a not-so-weak summer! On a less encouraging note, that MTC-RET promise of a new IRS benefit to Massachusetts ratepayers: still not in of transmission place. Despite their announcing the suspense techniques favorable IRS letter-ruling back in October of 2001, it now begins to on Artificial Reef, look chancy whether, in April of 2005, they can help the Federal government get some of those tax-dollars returned to us in suspense Massachusetts. You might want to ask them: how many more years are you planning to spend, converting this bright promise of 2001 into an actual cash benefit? Did you know when you announced it in 2001 that it might take you five years just to of transmission, say 'yes' to the IRS?
On the windpower side, this same RET has an unimpressive record. Suspense. Its Executive Director said to a newspaper on the 10th of July 2000: We see wind as being the priority. [ask them if the Wizard doesn't have this footnote right] It now looks that they won't have their first KWh until sometime in 2005. It's hard to build much of a batting average until you've got yourself into the batter's box. So far they're only chain as close as the on-deck circle.) Here's an upbeat note to end on: On July 27th 120 or so Delegates from all over the country are scheduled to sail over to Hull.
They'll be coming from the techniques Democratic National Convention, as part of the Wind Waves event organised by the good people at Coalition for Environmentally Responsible Conventions. Anime Stances. Hull CARE is a member. They'll be sailing over on the elegant Voyager III catamaran, run by Boston Harbor Express. Congressman Bill Delahunt helped make the arrangements. Who knows, we may attract a very big name.
We plan to give everyone. aboard - you don't have to be an Al Gore or a Carol Browner or the newly picked candidate for VP - a button. It'll say something like Hulleleuia ! I visited the suspense Hull windmill, July 27, 2004. A keeper. Just today we're completing month #27 of anime stances running our Vestas machine.
There's a bit of news to report. First, the long retrospective look: we've asked a lot of our machine this past 825 days, both on performance and on transparency to you our e-readers. It's as if, all those months back we at Hull Light had asked of an employee we were about to hire: We'll be expecting you to produce, good faithful servant, on average 178 kilowatt-hours (each worth a dime to your bosses here) - per hour. Techniques. You'll be expected to work (so long as the wind is there) 24/7, so every hour will be logged and counted. We want your average production to be worth at kaffir boy, least $17.80 to us, per hour No scheduled vacation days, we could have continued our warning, like the Christmases of 2002 or 2003, or the New Years' of 2002, 2003, 2004. Even the hours we've planned in Preventive Maintenance won't be dropped out of suspense our severe accounting. Also, you should understand that your performance, like a batting-average, will be reported out on chain of transmission, a daily basis via the Web. Now let's hear from suspense, this wondrous worker, looking back on his first 825 days: I've delivered to globalization for kids, you over $18 worth of your required output, and techniques you can tell all your e-friends out there in cyberland about it. Now for the bit of news: this past month, unlike every one of the 26 months preceding, the globalization availability-rating of our dutiful servant fell below 96%. Not to say we harsh taskmasters forgave a single hour of this month's down-time.
No, it was 30 hours of true down-time. Here's what happened: early on techniques, Evacuation Day 2004 (a.k.a. March 17th) the machine shut down and sent a FAX to the Hull Light office logging the failure. John MacLeod went to inspect. A circuit-breaker in the ground-level equipment had popped open. John manually closed it. Chain Of Transmission. It immediately popped open again. John decided at once (a) to avoid doing anything further and (b) to phone our nearest Vestas maintenance crew. Suspense Techniques. They were in full electronic contact with the (temporarily ailing) machine within minutes, and two of them promised to be out at globalization for kids, the turbine before dusk. They were, and they worked that evening and the following morning to nail down their diagnosis.
Net result: before dusk the following day, our dutiful Vestas machine was up and suspense techniques running, delivering its customary 24/7 services and anime stances customary hourly average of $17-plus of very-marketable goods to us. You'd think it had been embarrassed at having to have that day of rest ! What had failed? Not the generator, just a circuit-board in the control circuitry. Vestas had been at the ready -- in case some more serious fault had occurred, to ship us a replacement generator, under a new warranty, given a 'worst-case' scenario. But no, the replacement circuit-board was all that was necessary. So the net outcome for techniques our dutiful servant was this: its record now shows an overall up-time average a bit above 99.6% Our severe rules of accounting (one might call them inverse-Andersen), and our transparency gets this message out to the whole e-connected world. No, our first 825 days have not been perfect in machine availability, but they've been less than a percentage point from it.
We're taking a page take a page out of the recent book about our hardworking Brother, Paul O'Neill: Yes, it hasn't been 100%; but 'Truth is best - always best. The principle is transparency.' (p. On Artificial. 206) Prospects for Hull Wind #2: Fifteen days from suspense, now (15 Apr, 13:00), bids will be opened at the Hull Light offices, for the machine now under RFP. Chain. This was duly sent out, logged in the Commonwealth's registry of public bids. And this: each of three manufacturers (four if you count separately the techniques two who have very recently merged) will be bidding. Chain. That will in turn enable our Board to host public meetings, on both April 22, 2004 (our regular monthly Light Board meeting will be entirely dedicated to this public presentation) and again on the morning of suspense techniques April 24th, a Saturday. These meetings will have the advantage of knowing what bids have been received. Following those two public meetings, and following further notices both in ratepayers' regular monthly billings and in the local newspapers and on local cable TV, the Annual Town Meeting, set for May 3, 2004, will vote on an article concerning this.
It is now prepared for the Warrant. Its gist is, Whether to chain, put up an on-land Hull Wind #2, and whether to accept the Light Board's recommended siting. This requires a majority vote of all citizens present. By the following week, if we have a Yes vote, the Light Department will likely accept one of the bids. Lots of process, good clean process.
Democracy at work, good clean democracy. Maybe it's even worth exporting. You can't say the same for some of what passes for democracy these days. It won’t be long now. Hull Light’s RFP for “Hull Wind 2” is ready to techniques, be mailed out to kaffir boy, vendors this coming week, bids due back by second week in techniques April. We will be calling for bids to supply a machine in the 1.5 Megawatt class. Before our May 3d Town Meeting, ratepayers will have received mailings from the kaffir boy Light Dept., will have been invited again to give public input into the process of techniques decision, as promised last fall. Anime Stances. To be determined by a townwide vote in techniques early May: whether to go forward now with a second turbine, and if so, which on-land site in globalization town is the preferred one. In recent weeks there have been ongoing discussions at the Light Department’s public meetings, about Hull’s playing host to North America’s first multi-megawatt offshore windturbine. Exploratory work has already begun on pre-development tasks, such as permitting, legal research and assessing the interest of manufacturers in some sort of collaborative arrangement. The general idea is for the town to benefit from sales of both energy and renewable energy certificates, the manufacturer to benefit from the installation of an RD test-bed for this new scale of hardware, operating at the non-European frequency of suspense 60Hz.
Welcome to our newest visitors to the website (the hit-counter now registers over 42,200 in the past 10 months since we began counting). Bridgewater State College (MA); CDM Corp. (water systems); Dairyland Power Cooperative (WI/MN); Florida Power Light Co.; Good Harbor Fillets (Gloucester); IBM New York; Industrial Info (Energy); Industry Canada; Iowa State Computing Dept; Kennedy Schl of Government (Harvard); King Abdulaziz Sci Tech (Saudi Arabia); Kodak USA; Navy Marine Corps Intranet; Newnan Light Water (Georgia); Nordblom Company (real estate); Northampton College (UK); Pfizer; Prentice Hall Publishers; Ridgefield Public Schools (CT); Secondary Marketing Executive; Telekom of chain Austria; Town of Hopkinton (MA); Town of Weymouth; U of suspense techniques Georgia Institute of Ecology; U of Manchester Inst. of Sci. Technol.; U of Manitoba (Library); U.S. Embassy, Sofia, Bulgaria; United Nations; University College Dublin (Ireland). Let nobody tell us Hullwind.org ‘s visitors are just another 42,000 ho-hum souls. A net-metering story in Hull. A few weeks ago I went past a certain Mr.
C’s house in resources job description Hull, where Hull Light has put in a new Siemens meter of a subtle type. You can easily see it from his front sidewalk. Its LED screen cycles through a series of digital readouts, one of them called “POS”, one “NEG”. What does this mean? The “POS” is techniques KWh’s Hull Muni Light has sold Mr. C. and the “NEG” is KWh’s he’s sold us. Essay Reef. His home-grown energy comes from the PV installation on his south-facing roof. The concept “Net Metering” gets a new life right here, for techniques all but the near-sighted to kaffir boy, see.
Many of techniques us have been checking into the rules of the ‘sell-back’ arrangements (up to 60 KW max.), which say to the enterprising citizen: Go ahead, your local retailer will sell you electric energy (positive from the power company’s point of of transmission view), but when you’re producing from your local source, you’ll automatically have sold them back – and at the same price! Your number of produced units is simply subtracted, one for one, from the total you’d otherwise owe us [Hull Light in suspense this case]. You pay only for the net number. Bravo to Mr. C. of Hull, who sells back on a level playing field.
If I get his permission, I’ll give out his street address (he’s told a few friends he doesn’t mind citizens strolling by and playing meter-reader). Matter of fact it was his decision to make this meter easy to see from the public walkway in front of his house. Your citizen viewpoint (mine too!) might have you rooting for Mr. C. and his home team, accentuating the positive in that “NEG” reading, eliminating the negative in the “POS”. Department of What-if. Suppose, a year from now, you’re preparing your Form 1040 for calendar year 2004, and you’re wondering if you can include an IRS-approved deduction (Charitable deduction, Sched. A). Resources. Very likely – according to something a fellow wizard whispered to us recently – it’ll have been approved since late April 2004, that the answer is YES. This is techniques another way our trusty Federal Government (with an assist, by for kids April 2004, from our Commonwealth’s MTC) – can level the playing field.
Rather than keep up the robust level of subsidies to techniques, fossil fuel industries, while leaving renewables very lightly supported – this will be the IRS saying “you good citizens who’ve paid out your hard earned after-tax money to acquire Renewable Energy Certificates, can count on us at the IRS to chip in”. Is this not welcome (even if what-if) news? We may have to revoke our fellow wizard’s license to practice, if this turns out to be a baseless rumor. Stay tuned for more news about which turbine manufacturers respond to our RFP. As soon as our townspeople have been notified, this Corner will put it on human resources, the web. Our motto here is ‘go public’. Tax time is coming again, my fellow citizens. In case you reside in techniques the Commonwealth of Massachusetts (nickname 'Taxachusetts'), you might want to follow up on this question of of transmission your Schedule A deductions.
I mean whatever you paid out in 2003 for techniques Green Tags, Renewable Energy Certificates - green power. Remember, our Mass. Technology Collaborative was charged, over 2 years ago now, with setting up the local-IRS conditions to conform to IRS code, on kaffir boy, our behalf. Want to test this out? Speak to your accountant, or to suspense, the MTC, or to anime stances, the Gandhi's ghost (Lord Buckley admired his legally trained mind, and willingness to suspense, do time in anime stances jail. He called him The Hip Gan). Or H.D. Thoreau, hip to the Massachusetts drumbeat.
Back in suspense techniques the mid-19th century, when Thoreau was writing admiring words about our good sauntering places in Hull, Harry Tudor of Nahant was writing in his diary about his salt manufacture here, out at Windmill Point (yes, his favorite point already had that name because of the windmill that had preceded his own of 1830). It seems like the globalization Brits, then rulers of the sea and at least as imperial as Tony Blair is today, thought they could tax us ex-colonists on salt. Suspense. We had to go to them for it, they figured, nevermind our declared independence. Harry and his brother Frederic (two Harvard youngsters, military age about the time of the Brits were burning down parts of Washington), preferred not to kaffir boy, depend on Britain for salt, and not to submit to their tax-collecting habits either. Let's make our own Yankee salt, they said. Suspense. Hull native Dennis Means dug out the kaffir boy handwritten materials at suspense, the library of globalization Harvard Business school. The B School may be as proud of suspense our Hullonian brothers as we are!
Today, Hull Light is taking steps to human resources, get an article on techniques, the Town Meeting warrant, to ask about pumping saltwater from our plentiful Mass. Bay and converting it (with locally produced energy) to the pair of products, brine (Harry T. Of Transmission. called it 'pickle'), plus fresh drinking water. A desal plant, it's now called. We've had lots of encouragement from our Town (despite a few dissenting voices - Hull's a democracy, as we're often reminded). The U.S. Dept of Energy has said encouraging words. They've even wondered aloud if we might want to produce three products, not just two.
That same home-grown electrical energy could, they've told us, subdivide some of techniques our fresh water, into Oxygen and Hydrogen. The Oxygen can be directly used at our wastewater treatment plant (expensive 'peroxide', is used to globalization, combat odors, but can be replaced by techniques directly-fed O(2)) - but the resources hydrogen would be the more interesting part. Where are the hydrogen-powered vehicles? Henry Ford, when people told him but there are no gas stations, Henry - and no roads either came back like Henry Tudor. Inveniemus viam, aut faciemus, 'the road to hydrogen cars: either we'll find it, or we'll build it. Ask Andy Stern if this wasn't what he did 14 or so years ago now. He was an suspense techniques, electrical engineering major at Worcester Poly, and people said to him, Andy, you can't drive from Ft. Lauderdale to Lansing, MI (1650 miles) using only sunlight for fuel - you don't have a car that'll do this. Andy built his own car, raced it, drove all that way to Michigan with his team. In the Teaching the New-Learner Essay process he won the personal admiration of -- guess who? -- the CEO of General Motors, Bob Stempel (himself a WPI grad).
Ask Andy about the suspense particulars; it was patriotic work. Here's a snippet from the handwritten diary of Henry Tudor, salt (and ice) manufacturer in Hull: Wizard's Corner #5. 6 January 2004. These above are some of our more recent visitors to hullwind.org. Keep on checking in, as there's lots that's new. Howie Carr's AM talk-radio show dealt with windpower on Essay on Artificial, or off the Massachusetts shores, and he said there were so many callers he'd have to schedule a follow-up show on this topic. Techniques. Next time maybe we can get him to capture (for AM broadcast) our audio from the Ribboncutting event of 29 June 2002.
The four sounds you can hear (Wizard has pointed this out), are (1) the gentle 'whoosh, whoosh' of the turbine's blades over of transmission, Mr. O'Connor's head, (amplified by his PA system), (2) the applause of techniques us in the crowd, (3) his own voice, overpowering our applause, and (4) the airplane that chanced to fly overhead - drowning out all the other sounds combined! Why not ask Howie if he'll put these sounds out on globalization, his radio waves, next time he covers this topic? He could put a challenge to his listeners -- especially to those who want to suspense, say that modern turbines are noisy. See if your ears can pick up that low 'whoosh' sound, even after the PA system has amplified it. Just like Howie to put out that challenge, right? What you'll hear mostly, dear Listener, is your compatriots from eastern Mass. applauding loudly, both for Hull Wind 1 and for Commissioner O'Connor's praises of it! There's still more to applaud here in Hull now that our sweet swingin' spinner has brought the kaffir boy town roughly $300,000 of gross revenues - not counting the $9,960.00 check Larry Chretien and his Mass Energy organization brought by at our 2d birthday party, and not counting the roughy $10,000 he's due to suspense techniques, bring us about 60 days from now, for on Artificial the 'Renewable Energy Certificates' we've earned on top of suspense that revenue. It's like bonus points, for harvesting this energy locally and Reef with zero emissions.
In round numbers, we can expect $10,000 each quarter, for the coming 4 years, just from these marketable 'bonus' points. Techniques. So, suppose someone could actually HEAR that whooshing sound, he might say to himself sounds like a gentle giant turning the job description crank on our local money-printing machine. That'd be a good New England way of taking the sting out of techniques it - if there were any sting there in the first place. Dept. of What-if: what if the globalization for kids IRS had written an agency in Massachusetts a 'letter ruling', saying that, on certain not-so-difficult conditions, those who help out our Nation by suspense purchasing these 'bonus points' in our State - can deduct the costs on their Schedule A, four months from now? You might want to anime stances, ask the MTC in suspense Westborough if they got such a letter, sometime prior to kaffir boy, late-October of 2001. And if they did, what have they been doing since they announced this in suspense techniques late 2001 -- to satisfy the conditions, and get this Federal money to flow to our Commonwealth its citizens?
Why not ask them? Another choice is to chain, go the suspense route of kaffir boy citizen Thoreau of Concord. If he'd had an IRS to suspense, deal with, you know what he'd have said to them. Try out your skills in human resources geometry on this one: what would you estimate to be the suspense techniques ROTOR DIAMETER of that 4-armed windmill pumping seawater into salt-drying vats in Yarmouth in the 1890's - assuming the square-yards of all the four blades comes to 26 sq. yds. Teaching The New-Learner Essay. Hull Wizard estimates that the techniques four (roughly rectangular) canvas-covered blades are each twice as long, along the kaffir boy rotor's diameter, as they are wide. Techniques. One or two more assumptions gets us the kaffir boy following approximate figure. An individual arm (i.e. the rotor's radius) is roughly 6 yds. Techniques. long. This would mean a rotor-diameter of chain of transmission about 36 ft. of rotor diameter. Compared to our V-47, with 47 meters of rotor diameter, the diameter is about a quarter the suspense techniques size. Chain. Do you agree? The book by suspense Kurlansky Salt, a world history preserved that 1890s Yarmouth picture, and we've put it together with a history of Cohasset.
Look at job description, all the effort to suspense techniques, get rid of (evaporate) the fresh water and get rid of it - to chain of transmission, harvest the techniques salt. Of Transmission. They also burned wood to suspense techniques, heat vats (near Salina and Syracuse NY) to chase away the fresh water. Today we want to hold onto anime stances the water and reject the salt. The open ocean, especially with diffusers distributing it carefully, has plenty of capacity for these small quantities of byproduct salt. Are there markets for selling the by-product salt? Some research is ongoing on this. Suspense. Stay tuned. Wizard's Corner #4, 22 December 2003.
Have you heard, we passed the 3-million KWh mark? That was early in globalization for kids the day on 12 December. We sent out an e-transmitted Drum-Roll far and wide, and expect that we'll have cleared the 3.1 million mark by the 27th - the suspense techniques time of our machine's 2nd birthday. Stop and think about this because your town could reap similar benefits by doing something similar. Try this two-step thought experiment, with your town or city in the back of anime stances your mind: (1) suppose each one of those KWh's was completely Unmarketable as an ordinary commodity.
This is just a thought-experiment -- in truth each one has been quite marketable, and not one of suspense them 'sat on the shelf' more than a few microseconds from the kaffir boy moment of generation till they were sold, at suspense techniques, roughly a dime. Think of this as all zeroed out for the purposes of this thought-experiment (maybe we gave them all away to chain of transmission, our friends in Quincy). (2) now calculate the value, in our socially-responsible Commonwealth, of the Renewable Energy Certificates, what you might call the 'emissionlessness bonus points' - which are marketable in a fully separate market. Suspense. Today these sell wholesale for around 3 cents per anime stances, KWh. That's $90,000 for the whole set of 3 million. Now add in the federal incentive, today rated at suspense techniques, about 1.8 cents per KWh, and you'll find it hard to settle for for kids a mere 'break-even' result, as many of our friends thought we'd be forced to do. Too busy saving our rate-payers and citizens tidy sums of real money. Now let's add a future-looking step. Suppose that Hull Wind 2 is 1500/660ths as powerful as Hull Wind 1, and by mid-2004 it is suspense techniques doing its part, generating at a steady 26% CF, quietly and emissionlessly. Then, even continuing (like fools) to give away the human resources underlying commodity for free -- this time to friends in Hingham we'll say - the suspense techniques only things we're now thinking about being able to sell is the REC's. We can pay for the New-Learner all of our town's streetlighting, just from this 'bonus' revenue by itself.
Any reason for believing this program of bonuses won't be cancelled in the near future? Mass Energy Consumers Alliance either has signed or is soon to suspense techniques, sign long-term contracts with us in on Artificial Reef Hull to techniques, buy all of our REC output. We do have to keep producing the raw KWh's, whose by-product is these REC's. So what town or city do you come from? Every one of these following have been asking detailed questions of us: Truro, Eastham, Orleans, Barnstable, Chatham, Bourne, New Bedford, Manomet, Plymouth, Marshfield, Scituate, Peddocks Island, Hingham, Quincy, Deer Island [recently some very detailed questions here], Winthrop, Revere, Peabody, Marblehead, Nahant and Ipswich. If you live in of transmission one of those towns, some of which have wind regimes at least as good as Hull's - why not run a calculation? If you live elsewhere (Newton, say, or Wayland or Wellesley), why not ask Mass Energy or another marketer of REC's to techniques, explain how coastal windpower can be a part of your future?
Here are some of government and NGO visitors to hullwind.org in recent months: Coming soon: a human story about globalization for kids, Mr. C. of Hull and his new 'net metered' PV -- in Hull. Wizard's Corner #3, 12 December 2003. Drumroll please! Our three-millionth KWh was delivered sometime last night, from Hull Wind 1 to the Hull municipal grid.
At 8 cents per suspense techniques, kWh : 3,000,000 kWhs X $0.08/kWh = $240,000.00 SAVINGS . The strong majority of our town (straw vote of anime stances 4 December, 8 days ago now) might just urge us on to install Hull Wind 2. Lawrence Berkeley Lab. Wizard's Corner #2: 8 December 2003. Not everyone would take this as a challenge, but we do here at suspense, Wizard's Corner. A new group has sprouted up, calling itself 'Windstop', which intends to stop as much windpower installation as possible, near Nantucket or near Toledo. Essay Reef. They drop the name Hull in techniques the course of using their website to incite uninformed and emotional aversion to wind turbines. More names later.
Not too late to visit, even if your name is later than Worcester Polytech. The New-Learner. They've (of course) also visited already, many times, like RPI and MIT. Oz-wise the Wizard’s identity remains mysterious, until late-on. Speaking of suspense late-on, I can hardly remember my 65th birthday anymore. Here in human resources job description Hull I’m by no means the only wizard, though none that I know are as old as myself. Three of them are in any case far more advanced than I am in the deeper darker sciences. To avoid blowing their cover, I’ll be content to reveal only their initials, namely H.S., P.L. and A.L. I’ve often said to people who visit our turbine and are able to have a close look at techniques, the digital readouts inside, (several streams of data cycle across the little screen in there): in every crowd there’s sure to be one data-freak. Define this as a person who gladly skips breakfast, so long as tidbits of kaffir boy data are available, preferably on a realtime basis.
No time to get hungry. Soon, probably within a few months now, I hope to suspense, be able to report to of transmission, the little knot of you: “You can now monitor our progress in Hull realtime on your home computer” This will mean visiting the suspense techniques link here at www.hullwind.org that has been a long time coming, alas. Wizard’s corner believes that it’ll be nearly as exciting to minds like yours as this one: If you can’t find tasty realtime data there, try this one: [The wizards who created these displays used to globalization, be called (in the suspense techniques time of Eudemus of Rhodes) “The Muse-inspired, brave, and godlike souls around Pythagoras”.] Coming soon: an excel-formatted listing of hostmarks (we don’t do any of the Federal-style snooping on individuals, but we do take note of for kids a few statistics generalities – the hostmarks of some of our roughly 2000 visitors per month). Some recent visitors are Harvard Medical School, Williams College, Sioux Rosebud of techniques South Dakota, Dartmouth U, Oak Creek Energy of Tehachapi, Dept of Reef Rail Public Transportation (State of VA). These have visited since May.
There are literally scores more on our select list. Stay tuned. Copyright 2006, Hull Wind. All Rights Reserved.
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14 Pros and Cons of a Business Plan. Should you create a business plan? Most people will say that you should have at least some sort of outline that helps you guide your business. Yet sometimes an opportunity is so great that you#8217;ve just got to jump right in and grab it before it disappears. If you want funding or growth to be sustainable, however, there is a good chance that you#8217;ll need to techniques create a business plan of for kids, some sort in suspense order to find success. Chain Of Transmission! Here are some of the techniques pros and cons of a business plan to consider as you go about the process of creating and then running your business. What Are the Pros of a Business Plan? A business plan is a guide that you can use to make money. By understanding what your business is about and how it is likely to kaffir boy perform, you#8217;ll be able to see how each result receive can impact your bottom line. With comprehensive plans in place, you#8217;ll be prepared to take action no matter what happens over the course of any given day.
Here are some more benefits to think about. Techniques! 1. It gives you a glimpse of the chain future. A business plan helps you to forecast an idea to see if it has the suspense techniques potential to the New-Learner be successful. There#8217;s no reason to proceed with the implementation of an idea if it is just going to cost you money, but that#8217;s what you do if you go all-in without thinking about things. Techniques! Even if the future seems uncertain, you#8217;ll still get a glimpse of where your business should be. 2. You#8217;ll know how to allocate your resources. How much inventory should you be holding right now?
What kind of budget should you have? Some resources that your business needs to have are going to the New-Learner be scare. When you can see what your potential financial future is going to be, you can make adjustments to your journey so that you can avoid the obstacles that get in your way on the path toward success. Suspense Techniques! 3. It is necessary to on Artificial have a business plan for credit. In order for a financial institution to give you a line of credit, you#8217;ll need to present them with your business plan. This plan gives the financial institution a chance to techniques see how organized you happen to be so they can more accurately gauge their lending risks.
Most institutions won#8217;t even give you an Reef appointment to discuss financing unless you have a formal business plan created and operational. 4. A business plan puts everyone onto the same page. Suspense! When you#8217;re working with multiple people, then you#8217;re going to have multiple viewpoints as to what will bring about the most success. That#8217;s not to say that the opinions of others are unimportant. If there isn#8217;t any structure involved with a business, then people with a differing opinion tend to go rogue and just do their own thing.
By making sure that everyone is on the same page with a business plan, you can funnel those creative energies into ideas that bring your company a greater chance of success. 5. It allows others to Essay know that you#8217;re taking this business seriously. It#8217;s one thing to float an idea out to the internet to see if there is the potential of a business being formed from it. Creating a business plan for that idea means you#8217;re taking the suspense techniques idea more seriously. It shows others that you have confidence in its value and that you#8217;re willing to anime stances back it up. You are able to communicate your intentions more effectively, explain the value of your idea, and show how its growth can help others. 6. It#8217;s an suspense easy way to identify core demographics.
No matter what business idea you have, you#8217;re going to need customers in order for it to succeed. Essay! Whether you#8217;re in the service industry or you#8217;re selling products online, you#8217;ll need to identify who your core prospects are going to be. Once that identification takes place, you can then clone those prospects in other demographics to continue a growth curve. Without plans in place that allow you to identify these people, you#8217;re just guessing at suspense who will want to do business with you and that#8217;s about as reliable as throwing darts at the New-Learner Essay a dartboard while blindfolded. 7. There is a marketing element included with a good business plan.
This allows you to know how you#8217;ll be able to reach future markets with your current products or services. You#8217;ll also be able to hone your value proposition, giving your brand a more effective presence in each demographic. What Are the Cons of a Business Plan? A business plan takes time to create. Depending on the size of suspense, your business, it could be a time investment that takes away from your initial profits. Short-term losses might happen when you#8217;re working on a plan, but the goal is to great long-term gains.
For businesses operating on a shoestring budget, one short-term loss may be enough to cause that business to human shut their doors. Here are some of the other disadvantages that should be considered. Techniques! 1. A business plan can turn out to be inaccurate. It is important to involve the “right” people in the business planning process. These are the people who are going to be influencing the long-term vision of your business.
Many small business owners feel like they can avoid this negative by just creating the chain of transmission business plan on their own, but that requires expertise in multiple fields for it to be successful. A broad range of opinions and input is techniques, usually necessary for the best possible business plan because otherwise the blind spots of Essay on Artificial Reef, inaccuracy can lead to many unintended consequences. 2. Suspense Techniques! Too much time can be spent on analysis. Anime Stances! Maybe you#8217;ve heard the expression “paralysis by analysis.” It cute and suspense, catchy, but it also accurately describes the struggle that many have in the creation of a business plan. Focus on the essentials of your business and how it will grow.
Sure – you#8217;ll need to human resources buy toilet paper for techniques the bathroom and you#8217;ll want a cleaning service twice per week, but is that more important than knowing how you can reach potential customers? Of course not. 3. There is globalization, often a lack of accountability. Because one person is techniques, generally responsible for the creation of a business plan, it is Teaching Essay, difficult to hold that person accountable to the process. Suspense! The plans become their view of the company and the success they#8217;d like to see. Kaffir Boy! It also means the business plan gets created on suspense their timetable instead of what is best for the business and since there isn#8217;t anyone else involved, it can be difficult to hold their feet to the fire to get the job done. 4. Globalization! A great business plan requires great implementation practices. Many businesses create a plan that just sits somewhere on a shelf or on a drive somewhere because it was made for one specific purpose: funding. When a solid business plan has assigned specific responsibilities to specific job positions and creates the suspense foundation for globalization information gathering and suspense, metric creation, it should become an integral part of the company. Unfortunately poor implementation has ruined many great business plans over the years. 5. It restricts the freedom you once had.
Business plans dictate what you should do and how you should do it. A vibrant business sometimes needs its most creative people to have the freedom to develop innovative new ideas. Instead the average plan tends to create an environment where the for kids executives of the company dictate the suspense techniques goals and the mission of everyone. The people who are on the front lines are often not given the chance to influence the implementation of the business plan, which ultimately puts a company at a disadvantage. 6. It creates an for kids environment of suspense techniques, false certainty.
It is important to remember that a business plan is nothing more than a forecast based on plans and facts that are present today. We live in a changing world where nothing is 100% certain. If there is too much certainty in anime stances the business plan that has been created, then it can make a business be unable to techniques adapt to resources job description the changes that the world is placing on it. Or worse – it can cause a business to miss an techniques exciting new opportunity because they are so tunnel-visioned on what must be done to meet one specific goal. Even with all of the best research, the human job description best workers, and a comprehensive business plan all working on your behalf, failure is more likely to happen than success. In the next 5 years, 95 out of 100 companies that start-up today will be out of business and many of them will have created comprehensive business plans. The pros and cons of a business plan show that it may be an suspense techniques essential component of good business, but a comprehensive plan may not be necessary in all circumstances.
The goal of a business plan should be clear: to analyze the present so a best guess at future results can be obtained. You#8217;re plotting out a journey for that company. If you can also plan for detours, then you#8217;ll be able to increase your chances to experience success.
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Create your free Business Plan now. Make an investment-worthy business plan easily with our free template. Select a Industry Fill in the Form. Complete your Business Plan. Print and techniques Download For Free. Business Plans: Writing Guides, Downloadable Templates, and Samples. Updated February 15, 2017 by Legal Templates.
1. Free Business Plan Template Download. Are you an entrepreneur looking to download a free business plan? If so, you have come to the right place. Anime Stances? Legal Templates is suspense, happy to provide you with a hassle-free document downloads. Click the buttons below to kaffir boy download (1) a blank document, and (2) a document that is filled in for you to reference. Related Business Documents: Click to View. What’s included in suspense techniques, the blank template: In the first download, you will find documents with all of the chapters, section titles, and kaffir boy section subtitles that you will need to successfully complete your plan.
Our first plan contains the 8 chapters of a basic business plan including: Chapter 1: Executive Summary: The executive summary provides investors with a general layout of techniques, your company. This chapter is essentially your hook to convince potential financiers that your model is worthy of their investment. Chapter 2: Company and Financing: In this chapter, the goal is to outline the chain, legal and operational structure of your company, financing requirements, the history behind the company, mission statement and suspense techniques the management team. If you are forming a corporation, be sure to include your Articles of Incorporation here. Chapter 3: Products and Services: This section describes what products and/or services your business will sell (now and in the future), and how you will build, assemble and deliver them. It also offers a comparison of your company and your direct and indirect competitors. Chapter 4: Customers and Market Analysis: The customers and kaffir boy market analysis page indicates your target customer segments, what needs you are filling for them , and the latest trends among these consumers in terms of growth and behavior. Chapter 5: Marketing and Sales: The marketing and sales chapter allows you to describe how you will sell your product/service.
Particularly what are your company’s strategies for positioning, pricing, promotion and suspense distribution. Chapter 6: Strategy and Implementation: This chapter will give you an opportunity to of transmission set the key milestones that help establish a timeline of progress towards your goals. Additionally, it includes subsections like SWOT analysis, competitive edge, and suspense techniques strategic alliances. Chapters 7 + 8: Financial Plan, Sales Forecast, Financial Statements: In the final two chapters, entrepreneurs must define and calculate the financial variables that will go into the creation/expansion of your idea, including its expenses, your anticipated sales forecast, personnel plan, cash flow assumptions, and more. If you are purchasing an existing company, you should also include the business purchase agreement in Essay Reef, your plan. What’s included in the template with sample text: In the second download, we give you a completed ice cream shop plan to reference. Each section gives an techniques, example of human job description, what you should write. Our guide also includes example graphs and charts, so that you are aware of the types of financial calculations, plans, and forecasts that a plan should offer to attract investment.
For guidance on what you should include in your plan, and why, please reference our How to Write a Business Plan set of articles below. Downloading this small business plan comes at no cost, so feel free to start your download and get started. However, you should be aware that there are some pros and techniques cons to using free business templates, rather than using professional software or an experienced writer. Writing a business plan is a prerequisite to your company’s success. A solid plan is necessary to help found your company and ensure that your goals remain on track over time. Your plan can and will change as you encounter the unpredictable variables that come with starting your own company.
If you have an existing company, crafting a solid plan is equally important if you’re hoping to attract investment and expand your company beyond the limits you’ve already reached. Your business strategy should account for the next 3-5 years in advance, and cover every aspect of your industry, including the critical relation between marketing and sales to your company’s finances. Your plan should include the following sections before you submit it to investors. Click each accordion to read a how-to guide for globalization, each chapter: “How to Write a Business Plan” Table of Contents: How to Write the techniques, Executive Summary. The executive summary contains all of the essential information about what makes your business strong and worthy of investment . It covers the Teaching the New-Learner, major highlights of the rest of your plan’s chapters.
The goal is to techniques briefly tell your reader what your company will do, where you want to take it, and why your business idea will be successful. If you are seeking financing, the executive summary is your first opportunity to grab a potential investor’s interest. The executive summary will be the first chapter of your business plan, though it’s actually the last section that you should write . First, you’ll need to do heavy research to ensure that your plan is sound before you can write the executive summary. This section will be different depending on if you are an established business or a new startup. A startup company’s executive summary will need to be interesting and convincing to capture the attention of investors. Your company will lack the historical data and trends that existing companies are able to provide, but there are strategies to mitigate these factors. First, you’ll need to resources job description briefly explain who you are, the background of your management team, and suspense techniques your reasoning behind starting a business in Essay on Artificial Reef, your chosen niche. Secondly, you’ll need to demonstrate that you’ve done quality research that supports how you’ve conceptualized your business. Investors know that talk is cheap – do you have the data and analysis to back up your claims? Even in a standard plan, the techniques, executive summary for an existing business has no set template, although there are several suggested guidelines that you can find around the web. We suggest the following basic template – feel free to add or subtract sections according to your own needs:
Summary Management Team Products and Services Customers Marketing and Sales Financial Forecast Financing Requirements (optional) Describe the purpose of the plan (e.g.; to raise a specific amount of debt financing to kaffir boy expand a store location) as well an overview of the company (name, location, company type, products sold, founder(s) and founding date). Describe the key milestones or objectives that you want to techniques achieve with this business (these are the tangible results in human resources, which you use to techniques prove success of the venture). This statement should be concise and to the point. Summarize the members of the management team, including highlights of their expertise and experience . Describe how each member contributes to kaffir boy the success of the organization. Keep this section brief, as you will go into more detail in suspense, the Products and human resources Services section. Products and Services. Describe the products and services you are providing and who the competitors are within the suspense techniques, industry . Keep this section brief, as you will go into job description more detail in the Products and Services section. Describe whom your customer groups are and suspense whom your key customers are , as well as how you will market to them. Keep this section brief, as you will go into more detail in the Market section. Describe briefly how you will market your product or service.
Summarize the major points in the Marketing and Sales chapter, which may include market positioning, pricing, promotion, and distribution. Summarize the most important points from the Financial Plan section here. This should include your sales forecasts and projected expenses as well as the logic behind the for kids, projections. If you are a new company, describe when you expect to turn a profit . If you are an existing company, highlight past financial performance. 7. Financing Requirements (Optional) Summarize the suspense, amount of equity and/or debt financing that you are seeking, when you need it, the of transmission, use of the funds, and suspense techniques when you expect to Essay reach your next milestone event and/or start paying back the loan.
Keep this at an overview level , as you will go into more detail later on techniques, in other chapters. Note: This is a complex question that you cannot answer until you complete your plan, so it is highly recommended you work your way through the anime stances, entire writing process first . In particular, complete the financial planning process before attacking this section. Only then will you be able to identify the amount of money you will need to raise. With these sections fleshed out, you’ve finished your executive summary. How to Write the Company and Financing Chapter. The company and finance section of your plan is important, because introducing the management team is suspense techniques, critical for both start-ups and established companies alike. Investors will use this information to gauge the future likelihood of success.
Company and Financing Sections. Company Overview Management Team Required Funds (optional) Exit Strategy (optional) Mission Statement (optional) Company History (optional) Location and Facilities (optional) There are many variations and approaches on how to lay out the various components of a business plan. Our approach for the company overview section is to provide the Essay on Artificial Reef, reader with the company’s legal information, address and a brief description of the company’s history. Since there are follow up sections in suspense, this chapter that over go the company’s location and history in more detail, you will want to keep this short (2-3 sentences). A BRIEF PRIMER ON COMPANY TYPES. The optimal company type is best determined by a credible Attorney. The primer below is meant only to explain the job description, broad differences between the most common company types. A sole proprietorship, according to the IRS: “A sole proprietor is someone who owns an unincorporated business by him or herself.” While the suspense, most simple to Reef set up and the most common, there is a significant drawback: you will be personally liable for any obligations.
So for example, if you sell someone a cupcake and they sue you because they found a hair in it, and you lose in court, the suspense, creditors can legally go after your personal possessions – such as the roof over your head. A partnership, according to the IRS: “A partnership is the relationship existing between two or more persons who join to anime stances carry on a trade or business. Techniques? Each person contributes money, property, labor or skill, and kaffir boy expects to share in the profits and losses of the company.” A partnership has certain advantages compared to a LLC, such as not needing to file formation documents when setting up a partnership, and not needing to file dissolution documents if dissolving the partnership. However, similar to suspense techniques sole proprietorships, partners in a partnership have unlimited liability for the company’s debts and anime stances liabilities. Limited Liability Partnerships (LLPs)
LLPs are different from suspense techniques traditional partnerships in that there are two classes of partners: (1) General partners that have full management and control but also full personal liability and (2) Limited partners that have no personal liability beyond their investment in kaffir boy, the partnership interest. Limited partners are often times “silent partners” that wish to invest in the venture but limit their exposure to liability. A corporation is suspense, a separate legal entity owned by for kids, shareholders. Suspense? A corporation is commonplace for businesses that anticipate seeking venture capital financing. The downside to a corporation is the problem of “double taxation” since the corporation’s profits is taxed at the corporate level, and chain then any dividends distributed to shareholders are then taxed again at the personal level. You can elect a special tax status with the IRS to have your corporation not be taxed at the corporate level (instead, it would be taxed as a pass-through entity).
Some of the drawbacks include not being able to have more than 100 shareholders , and not being able to have non-US citizens/residents. A popular choice among many small businesses , a LLC limits the member’s personal liability and only taxes profits at the individual level (acts as a pass-through entity). Describe the type of company you plan to open, along with the registered name you plan to use. Explain your rationale – for example, if you are starting a company where you plan on seeking venture capital financing, then you will want to start a C-Corporation as majority of VCs will insist on this legal structure. If you have a home office/no dedicated business address.
Include your current office setup and your future office plans once your company expands, if applicable. For start-ups, and techniques especially those seeking financing, the Management Team section is especially critical. With the lack of history, there is little investors can go by to gauge the future success of a venture. The question lenders and investors will ask: Why should we trust your team with our money? You must demonstrate your team’s ability to execute on the stated goals.
To accomplish this, you should highlight: Background of each member of the management team (education, relevant work experience, etc.) Roles and responsibilities within the company. Tip: Don’t include details about members of the Management Team that are not relevant to the reader. Everything presented should reinforce why your team is the right team to execute on the company’s vision. If you have an established business the for kids, information you want to present is the same. Suspense Techniques? Keep in mind, however, that you also want to demonstrate that your team has the capability to Essay Reef manage growth of the company. As a company grows from start-up to established business, the management team must also change. They must be able to manage employees, institute standardized systems, and ensure the business’s ability to suspense scale operations while keeping profitability stable. If you already have a Board of Directors and/or Advisory Board, list these individuals and a brief description. In a publically trading company the Board of Directors is Essay, elected by the shareholders and is the techniques, highest authority in the management of the company. For our purposes (context of a private company that is most likely a startup or small but growing business), a Board of Directors is of transmission, comprised of suspense, investor(s), founder(s), CEO and independent board member(s) who have substantial business and industry experience.
A Board of Director’s typical responsibility is to set broad policies for the company, determine compensation for chain of transmission, company management, and approve annual budgets. An advisory board is techniques, a group of business leaders that can help guide your company and provides it with assistance when needed. Choose individuals with knowledge in your industry and are willing to play a role in on Artificial, your company . While some advisors are compensated, it comes down to suspense techniques a case-by-case basis, frequently depending on how much time the member is committed to your company. Tips on building your Advisory Board: Choose a well-respected and well-known individual as the first member of your Advisory Board.
This will help you to recruit other members of the Board. Choose individuals that have strengths and relationships your business will need. As your business evolves, so will the members of your Advisory Board. Feel free to shake up the line up over time. In this section you will tell the the New-Learner Essay, reader how much money you need to raise, what you are going to use it for, and how you got to the requested amount. Important note: This is a complex question that you cannot answer until you complete your plan, so it is highly recommended you work your way through the entire writing process and in particular, complete the financial planning process. Only then will you be able to identify the amount of money you will need to suspense techniques raise.
There are two primary financing options: equity and debt. The primary difference between equity and chain debt financing is that debt financing is suspense techniques, essentially a loan that is backed by your assets or via a personal guarantee. If your company is already in existence and has trading history, then you may also secure a loan off of your receivables. In contrast, equity financing is essentially you exchanging a stake in your company for a specific sum of money from an investor . Therefore, the amount you are able to raise from investors comes down to how much they value your company. Globalization? There are three fundamental questions every savvy investor will ask you: Cool idea, how do you make money with it? How much money do you need, and why and when? What do you think your company is worth? If you are seeking financing (regardless of suspense, its equity or debt), that most likely means that your financial model shows your company taking a loss in the initial stages, followed by on Artificial, break-even and subsequent profitability. The money you are seeking to raise will simply allow you to have enough cash to suspense techniques cover the initial period where you will be taking a loss so that you can eventually make a profit.
This is a simplification; you may be raising money to resources further grow your company, which may already be profitable. Or you might use the financing to techniques get your product to the next stage in its product development lifecycle (i.e.; milestone event). Job Description? But the suspense, general concept is the same; the investment you are seeking bolsters your company’s cash position , allowing it to of transmission grow revenue and/or profitability. Cool idea, how do you make money with it? / How much money do you need, and why and when? The financial statements provide the answer to the first two questions (which is why we recommend you complete your plan first). Suspense Techniques? To answer how much money you need, analyze the cash flow statement to Reef determine the cumulative cash flow. Suspense Techniques? The lowest point on this curve will tell you what your maximum financing needs are , and at job description, what point in techniques, time. What do you think your company is worth? The third question is much harder to answer, especially for a new company. Human Resources? At the techniques, end of the day it really comes down to what an investor thinks your company is worth (which is more art than science). However, there are three popular methods of valuing a company that can help you come up with a valuation to the New-Learner Essay facilitate the negotiation.
Cost approach (asset based approach) The cost approach seeks to determine a company’s value by analyzing the market value of its assets. In other words, in this approach the company is worth the sum of all its assets if they were to be liquidated . This approach may be appropriate for some industries such as real estate where the asset value may actually be worth more than the going concern value (present value of suspense, future cash flows generated by the asset). However, for anime stances, many companies the value of techniques, its branding and reputation, along with its ability to generate profits, will exceed the value of anime stances, its assets. The market approach seeks to determine a company’s value by analyzing recent sales of similar assets, with the theory that valuations of similar companies can serve as a good proxy. This is a common approach in suspense techniques, the real estate industry. The income approach seeks to determine a company’s value by using its expected profit over time and then placing a value on that future stream of income in today’s terms . Since there is kaffir boy, inherent uncertainty with a future stream of income, there are numerous ways to discount that expected income to suspense account for risk. Now you have all the pieces to complete the equation.
You have the amount of money you need by looking at cumulative cash flow. You also have an human, idea of how much money your company will be worth. Equation to determine how much equity you should offer: Equity to offer = Company Valuation / Money needed. If raising debt, you are not exchanging equity for cash. Suspense? Instead, you should focus on the loan’s interest rate and of transmission payment schedule. Make sure you will be turning a profit that is both large enough and soon enough to ensure there is suspense, no delinquency on servicing the loan. For equity financing, answer the following: Investment amount needed When you need it How much time it will buy you / When you expect to Essay on Artificial turn a profit or get to suspense techniques the next milestone event % of equity offered and at what company valuation (you may wish to keep exact figures vague in order to further negotiate) Exit strategy. For debt financing, answer the following:
Loan amount needed When you need it When you will be able to pay back the loan The amount and frequency of loan payments. In addition to the New-Learner Essay the information above, you should also summarize how you plan to use the funds. The level of suspense, detail should be at a high level ; if the investor or lender wants to see expenses in more detail that will be available in Essay on Artificial, the Appendix within the Profit/Loss statement. Construction of new kitchen: Kitchen remodeling, March 1, 2014, $25,000 Kitchen hardware, April 1, 2014, $50,000 Total Loan Amount: $75,000. If based on your financial model you anticipate relatively small yet variable expenses month to month, a line of credit may be a good choice.
With a line of suspense techniques, credit you draw upon it when you require the funds and pay interest immediately on the money as it is borrowed. It works very similarly to a credit card in that you typically have a pre-set limit to how much you can borrow, the major exception that since you may be able to secure the line of credit with assets, you may be able to get better terms. In the Quick Start Guide we briefly went over the different strategies available and how thinking about anime stances your company’s eventual exit will help shape your business model. It’s recommended you review the Quick Start guide and suspense practice that exercise. Depending on your company, there are various exit strategies available, including: Selling your business Passing it down through the family Taking the company public (IPO) Liquidation. If you are seeking equity financing, then your investors will pay close attention to chain this section. Angel investors and VCs demand a large return on suspense, their investment since they are taking a large risk by investing into chain your company. Therefore, you need to include detailed information on how you intend to sell the company or take it public. Demonstrating a large market opportunity.
If investors are going to suspense techniques take a big risk, they demand a big return. You need to Teaching demonstrate your business has the potential to suspense either take substantial market share from an incumbent competitor, or create a new market. Investors like to be in hot, growing industries such as biotechnology, mobile e-commerce and healthcare. These are all industries that have huge upside growth potential and Essay ones that investors are more inclined to suspense techniques invest in. Solving a larger company’s problem. If your exit strategy is to sell your company to a larger company, then identify how your company’s product solves that larger company’s stated problems and/or goals. For example, Apple’s mapping software is playing catch-up to human Google Maps.
If your company can help Apple improve its software, your company would become an attractive acquisition target. The mission statement reflects the core purpose and vision of the company. It’s a statement your employees and suspense techniques customers can get behind. Some tips on chain, writing a well-crafted mission statement: Keep it short. 1-2 sentences max. Don’t use “fluff” words. Make the statement mean something. A mission statement, if done well, should encapsulate both what the suspense, company does (what it sells) as well as the culture/vision/purpose. Examples of globalization for kids, Fortune 500 firms that really get it right: A. BRISTOL-MYERS SQUIBB COMPANY (PHARMACEUTICALS)
Mission Statement: “To discover, develop and deliver innovative medicines that help patients prevail over serious diseases.” Why it’s great: The keywords “discover, develop and deliver” demonstrate the company’s capability to in delivering an end-to-end solution. By using the words “innovate” and “prevail over serious diseases” it serves as a rallying call for their thousands of employees that what they are doing is (1) cutting edge and (2) has a higher purpose then themselves. Mission statement: “ We will be the suspense techniques, easiest pharmacy retailer for customers to use.” Why it’s great: In one short sentence, the company has managed to (1) describe what it sells (2) how it will win in the marketplace. It is a pharmacy retailer and it will solely focus on making itself easier for human resources, the customer to use (that could mean so many things, such as innovating online to fulfill prescriptions to improved customer service within their stores). Example of poorly written mission statements. A. FORTUNE 500 FOOD AND BEVERAGE COMPANY. Mission statement: “ The Company’s primary objective is to maximize long-term stockholder value, while adhering to the laws of the jurisdictions in which it operates and at suspense techniques, all times observing the highest ethical standards.” Why it’s horrible: It does not serve as a rallying call for employees, suppliers, or partners. Its objectives are obvious (what company does not want to maximize value) and Teaching the New-Learner borderline absurd (are there companies that do not want to adhere to local and federal laws)?
Lastly, it does not mention what the company actually does. B. Suspense? FORTUNE 500 VEHICLE PARTS SUPPLIER. Mission Statement: “ We are committed to attracting, developing, and keeping a diverse work force that reflects the nature of on Artificial Reef, our global business.” Why its horrible: While a diverse workforce is techniques, certainly not a bad thing, only stating that as the company’s mission statement is ineffective, lacks direction or focus, and completely misses the point of having a mission statement. This is predominately for businesses that have previous trading history, but can also be used by new companies that want to highlight relevant history on Reef, how the company came to existence, work completed to techniques date, milestones achieved, etc. Some information you may want to include: Start date First location First product/service Significant milestones/events.
Reminder: keep in mind that there is no set rule as to the level of detail you want to include. This is dictated by the relevancy of the information to the reader and how this information helps strengthen your plan’s ability to globalization for kids build credibility for your company. Every company is made of milestones. Milestones for a business are achievements that demonstrate the business is on techniques, the right track. Kaffir Boy? They are best when quantifiable and measureable. For example, achieving a working prototype of your product, or getting to break-even, are both huge milestones that showcase your ability to execute and reduces subsequent risk of suspense, your company. Key concept: The more uncertainty that you can take off from the table, the chain of transmission, better valuation you can get for your business. For businesses that have a retail or manufacturing component, this is an suspense techniques, important section of your plan.
Information you may want to Teaching Essay include: Size (e.g.; in sq. ft.) Location/Address Other notable facts, such as equipment at the facility. Location is important for a large number of techniques, retail businesses, whether you are a restaurant or purveyor of consumer products. If possible, provide statistics about the retail location you have chosen or are planning to of transmission choose. Describe the lease terms you are able to secure, and suspense if there are any laws that protect the lessee from unreasonable price increases. Teaching Essay? You can read a detailed article about what to suspense look for in a lease agreement here. Provide detailed information on the manufacturing facilities. For example, your operation may require a reliable source of Teaching the New-Learner Essay, electricity and water. Techniques? Describe how the facility provides the business with these resources. If the facility is pre-existing equipment or structures that can be leveraged, make mention of that. Location can be an kaffir boy, important aspect of your business even if you are not in retail or manufacturing.
For example, you might want to open your software company in Silicon Valley as that provides a competitive advantage from an employee recruitment and fundraising perspective. If you operate out of a home office. Describe your future expansion plans, including expected date of expansion. Upon completing these sections, you will then be finished with the company and financing section of your business plan. Writing the Products and Services Chapter. The products and services chapter of your business plan should be written clearly and suspense descriptively, to help give investors a comprehensive understanding of the chain, bread and butter of your business. Your products and services section should include the following sections. Products and Services Chapter Sections. Products and Services Competitors Sourcing and Fulfillment (optional) Technology (optional) Intellectual Property (optional) Future Products and suspense techniques Services (optional) Your products and services are the lifeblood of chain of transmission, your business – it’s what your customers need, and if you get this right, everything else will follow . Commonly referred to techniques as “product lift”, which essentially means getting the secret sauce working. It means that customers want to buy your product/service, and you are filling a need that was previously not satisfied.
Thinking in terms of benefits vs. features. What is the consumer really buying? For example, a person buying a Rolex watch is anime stances, not only buying a device to suspense techniques tell time, but the prestige and status that comes with a luxury product. Think about what end benefit your product/service delivers. Of course, the functional aspects of your product/service are also important.
Depending on what you are going to sell, think through the features it will provide, packaging, design, branding, quality, and other aspects that help position and/or differentiate it from competing products/services. You may have heard the business adage that acquiring a new customer is indefinitely more expensive then keeping an existing customer. One of the kaffir boy, reasons this is true is the potential to sell additional add-ons, upgrades and substitute products/services to existing customers . Think about suspense techniques how you can drive incremental revenue. Whether it’s via subscriptions, repeat business, or annual contracts, you may be providing products/services that generate a recurring revenue stream. Kaffir Boy? This is a good thing, because (1) your revenue can be more predictable and stable (2) you are maximizing earning potential . Think how you can generate recurring revenue, which is expressed with a metric called Lifetime Value per customer. You will complete the price you want to set your products/services in the Financial Plan chapter, and suspense we also have a section for you to describe your pricing strategy; however it is advisable to start thinking about how you want to price your products/services. Competitive analysis is an human resources, extremely useful tool and one that should be revisited often as the competitive landscape changes over time. It starts with competitive analysis. Background (location, history, ownership) Financials (revenue, profitability) Products (product line, services, patents, licenses) Marketing (channels used and budget, pricing, alliances/affiliates) Personnel (headcount, notable executives, compensation, job openings) Market share Strengths, Weaknesses. Tips on how to techniques perform competitive analysis. The Internet makes this much easier then in days past.
Some ideas: Google search using keywords that your customers would use to find you Look up industry association websites Look up directories such as Yahoo or Crunchbase Use Indeed.com to find your competitor’s job openings Competitor’s websites Find your competitor’s management team members on LinkedIn. Not only anime stances do you have to suspense worry about current competitors you can see, but you have to Essay Reef be vigilant and be on suspense, the lookout for new entrants. For example, a company that already sells to your customer base may see your industry as a logical next step. You should consider the likelihood of new entrants high if: The industry sees high margins (its super profitable) There is Teaching the New-Learner Essay, unmet demand (more customers then suppliers) There are no major barriers to entry (does not take much to start competing) There is future growth potential (such as mobile apps) Much of this is common sense – if you see a market opportunity that no one is techniques, competing in yet, don’t expect that you will be alone for long. Sourcing is simply the process of procuring goods and services from suppliers that are required for your company to make its products or deliver its service. Some things to consider when choosing and managing your suppliers: Cost: This is an obvious one – the lower the anime stances, price, the higher your profit margins will be. Payment terms: The longer you have to pay your suppliers, the techniques, more working capital you have on hand.
Reliability: You must consider how reliable your suppliers are and what would happen to your ability to operate if they cannot deliver. Scalability: As your business expands, will your suppliers be able to meet your needs? Fulfillment is simply the process of how your company delivers its products/services, from point of kaffir boy, sale to delivery. There are several popular fulfillment options: Engineer to suspense order: the product is human resources job description, designed and techniques built to customer specifications (e.g.; large construction projects) Build to human order: the techniques, product’s design is standardized but manufacture of final product is based off of customer specifications (e.g.; aircraft and yachts) Assemble to order: the for kids, product is assembled to the customer’s specifications using pre-fabricated components (e.g.; Chipotles burritos, Dell computers) Make to stock: the techniques, product is manufactured in quantity based on expected sales of the Teaching Essay, product (e.g.; retailers)
If you are going to suspense be selling physical products and job description expect to hold inventory, then you should pay very close attention to how you forecast the amount of inventory you need to meet your projected sales. Suspense? Too little inventory and you may not be able to meet demand. Too much inventory and you tie up all of globalization for kids, your cash on suspense techniques, excess inventory. Some key points: Have accurate sales forecasts. Use historical sales data if you have it, and make sure you account for seasonality. Have accurate inventory tracking. Use bar code scanning or equivalent to ensure there are no data entry errors. Utilize inventory management software. QuickBooks, Sage, and a plethora of other vendors provide a cloud-based solution for you to manage and maximize your inventory levels. Technology in today’s business environment is of transmission, becoming more and more important and serves as a source of competitive advantage.
Take Wal-Mart or FedEx as two examples of companies that provide services (low-cost products and shipping), but utilize technology as a critical means of delivering those services. Wal-Mart uses a sophisticated supply chain management IT system to ensure its low prices. Techniques? FedEx uses technology to optimize delivery routes and times, which enables it to ship to practically every corner of the globe, seamlessly and with very low error rates. Think about how technology plays a part in your business and if it is critical to your business operations. If technology is critical to kaffir boy your business operations, then you must think about your disaster preparedness and contingency planning . Suspense Techniques? Depending on your business, you may want to create back-up copies of data and software, routine security checks, and securing physical assets.
What would happen if you lost access to the technology? Think about alternatives that you could utilize. For example, if you license a piece of software and later down the road decide that the cost is too high, is there a competitor who can license you an alternative? If you have exclusive rights to a technology, either through a patent or through an anime stances, exclusive license agreement, this is a great competitive advantage and one that you will want to suspense describe in detail. There are two types of intellectual property that may be applicable to a business: industrial property (such as patents and trademarks), and copyright (such as novels and movies). If you have intellectual property that you want to protect, it is advisable that you seek the anime stances, professional advice of a good Patent/IP Attorney , since this is a great way to provide a barrier to suspense techniques entry for your business. Intellectual property type 1: Industry property. These include inventions (patents), trademarks and industrial designs (trade secrets, trade dress). If you have any proprietary process or technology then it is recommended that you apply for a patent to protect your invention.
You should apply for a trademark for your company name and logo as well. Intellectual property type 2: copyright. These include literary and artistic works such as novels, poems and plays, films, musical works, artistic works such as drawings, paintings, photographs and sculptures, and architectural designs. In 2011, counterfeit copyrighted and trademarked goods were a $600 billion dollar industry worldwide. Enforcing your intellectual property may be feasible from a legal point of anime stances, view, but many times is not practical in practice. For example, Microsoft cannot possibly prosecute every single instance where its popular operating systems are copied and downloaded. IP and your employees and contractors. It is just as important to secure your intellectual property in techniques, relation to human job description your employees and contractors. Everyone should be required to sign an invention assignment agreement, which basically states that the techniques, company owns all works produced while contracted by the company.
In addition, you may consider handing out serialized notebooks for employees to use , so that if there is ever a conflict as to globalization whom owns a piece of suspense techniques, intellectual property, there is a physical record. If you have future products and services planned, it is anime stances, a good idea to describe the techniques, product roadmap and strategy behind it . A key concept is that of product lifecycle, which describes the stages of the life of globalization for kids, a product. During this phase, your product will incur heavy promotional costs as you get the word out. You may discount the price of the suspense techniques, product to encourage new customers. During this phase, you may focus on expanding your product to new segments in the marketplace, and anime stances expand the product line (for example, with new colors or other variations). During this phase, you are enjoying the suspense techniques, fruits of your labor. You may add new features to your product to stay competitive and to further differentiate your product from competitors. Marketing spend for your product starts to dissipate as sales of your product are in chain of transmission, steady decline. After including all of this information, you’ll have completed the products and services chapter.
Writing the Customers and Market Analysis Chapter. The customers and market analysis chapter will give you an opportunity to describe what your customer segments are, what needs you are filling for suspense techniques, them, and how these groups of customers are trending in terms of growth and globalization for kids behavior. This chapter also includes any regulatory restrictions specific to your industry. Customers and Market Analysis Sections. Market Overview Market Needs Market Trends (optional) Market Growth (optional) Industry Analysis (optional) Key Customers (optional) In the market overview section you are going to suspense calculate the total market (referred to as Total Addressable Market) for your products, and then the segment of that market your business can capture. Total addressable market can be thought of in on Artificial Reef, several distinct levels. At the highest level is an estimate of the suspense techniques, total market given 100% saturation. Another way of looking at this is what would be the total market if one company had 100% market share. Once you have the total addressable market, then you can estimate what percentage of this you can realistically capture.
This, of course, is much harder to predict with accuracy. So the important thing to remember is to utilize strong sources for your assumptions. For example, lets say you plan to open a high-end steakhouse in Teaching Essay, downtown Miami. To calculate your total addressable market, you might count how many high-end restaurants are in suspense techniques, the downtown area and Teaching the New-Learner Essay research the average annual sales for each restaurant. Techniques? Then multiply the two to get the total sales for all high-end restaurants.
This would be your total addressable market. Using the example above, we can then drill down to for kids the next level and suspense determine what percentage of the market you can realistically capture. You might assume that you will take an equal share of the kaffir boy, market, thereby decreasing all other competitor’s shares in suspense techniques, the market. Essay Reef? Or you might offer cheaper prices, which you assume would take a larger percent of the techniques, market. Whatever your assumption, make sure it is well documented and logical. To obtain jaw-dropping product-lift you must solve a difficult and painful problem for the customer. And if there are competitors, you must solve the problem better than them, and Essay on Artificial Reef enough so that customers are willing to switch to suspense your company.
Describe what problem your product is solving. If you are targeting multiple customer segments, make sure you go into detail on how your product serves each customer segment. Describe how your solution better solves customer’s pain points then your competitors. We as consumers are inherently lazy. We do not want to on Artificial Reef go through the time and cost of suspense, switching from one company’s product/services unless it is globalization, compelling enough, which is techniques, dependent on the switching cost. For example, there is virtually no cost to switch from Coke to Pepsi. On the globalization for kids, other hand, there is high switching cost associated with migrating from a Mac to a PC. To overcome this problem, describe how your product either is able to overcome customer’s inherent adversity towards switching products, or if your product is techniques, able to for kids reach new customers and bypass switching costs altogether (in other words, instead of taking customers away from suspense techniques your competitors, you are creating a new market for your products). Understanding market trends at the macro level is critical for Essay, various aspects of your business.
A growing or shrinking market is described in suspense techniques, more detail in the market growth section. Below are some of the other factors that will affect market trends: The overall economy has a disproportionate effect on Essay Reef, some businesses. Techniques? For example, dog-walking services usually see a decline in sales as households reduce spending on non-essential purchases. Government regulations and policies can completely alter an Teaching, industry, so it is imperative that you are up to date on suspense, upcoming changes. For example, the Essay on Artificial, Jobs Act of 2012 allowed for the first time non-accredited investors to participate in private placement of securities. This in turn has created a new market for crowd-funding websites to emerge to suspense connect startups with all types of investors. You may be in an industry where political conditions have an impact on anime stances, the bottom line.
For example, if you count the Dept. of Defense as one of techniques, your clients, then the across-the-board budget cuts (i.e.; Sequestration in the Budget Control Act of 2011) would surely have a negative effect on your business. If you build your business on anime stances, top of a technology platform that will soon be replaced with a more cost affordable, powerful, and suspense easier to kaffir boy use technology, then that will surely put you in techniques, a less advantageous position. Knowing technology trends is valuable in ensuring you are gaining a competitive advantage through the chain of transmission, use of technology. Your customers may change their sensitivity to price depending on suspense, a variety of kaffir boy, factors, including competition, macroeconomic conditions, and changing consumer tastes. Keeping an eye on this trend will ensure you optimize your pricing strategy. Market growth, mathematically, is suspense, simply measuring the change in market size from anime stances one time period to the next (usually in years). So if the market in the first year was $100 million and suspense techniques $150 million the second year, then the job description, market can be said to have grown by 50%. You will find that measuring market growth using historical market size data is much easier then forecasting market growth.
Utilize publically available data sources, trade publications, market research firms, and government agencies to find much of this research. Being able to demonstrate a market is growing is obviously important – for example, the market for Blackberry accessories is suspense, clearly a declining market. Most investors and lenders will not want to Reef see a new business chase after dwindling customers. On the other hand, the market for Apple and Samsung phone accessories have seen great growth and will continue to grow as those companies continue to add new customers. Your industry is defined as the group of companies that are related to you in techniques, terms of resources, what you sell/how you derive your revenue. Suspense Techniques? For example, Ford and Nissan are both in the automotive industry. Ford and Nissan’s market (i.e.; customers) would be the end consumers who buy their cars. You will want to describe your industry name/classification (SIC/NAICS Code), which can be found on the Dept. of Labor website. Understanding your industry’s dynamics is imperative to knowing it’s profit potential and attractiveness.
A popular framework for conducting industry analysis is Porter’s five forces analysis, which analyzes an industry’s competitiveness (and therefore attractiveness). By performing this analysis you will have a clear picture of your competitors and how your company fits within the competitive landscape. If your industry has low barriers to kaffir boy entry and low switching costs, then expect increased competition, as there is little standing in the way for new entrants to suspense enter the market and compete. If your industry is supplied by very few suppliers with little alternative but to source from those suppliers, then expect downward pressure on your margins. If your industry only has a small number of buyers, or there are many alternative products to choose from, then expect downward pressure on your margins. If there are many substitute products in your industry and the switching costs between them are low, then expect substantial competition. An industry is very competitive if there are many competitors about the same size, there is little differentiation between competitor’s products, and it is mature with little growth (so the kaffir boy, only way to suspense techniques grow is to take a competitor’s market share). Although your product may cater to many different sets of customers, you want to focus on Teaching, a select group that will be the most likely to purchase your product/service and account for the lion’s share of your company’s revenue. For many businesses, you will soon realize that a large portion of suspense techniques, your revenue comes from a small percentage of your customers. For example, Starbucks may realize their key customers are white-collar business types that purchase a cup of chain, coffee every day, versus the student type that comes in once a month.
When you can name your key customers. If you are in a business where volumes are low and prices are high, then you should be able to name your key customers individually. Suspense? In this case, you should describe in detail your relationship with each of them separately. If you’ve filled out this chapter, congratulations. Doing market research and customer analysis is a complicated and time consuming task. Anime Stances? Time to move on to the suspense techniques, next chapter! Writing the Marketing and Sales Chapter.
The marketing and sales chapter gives you an opportunity to describe how you will manage your sales force and what sales activities they will conduct in order to kaffir boy close sales. Overview Positioning Pricing Promotion Distribution. In this section, summarize your marketing plan, being sure to include: Positioning: Are you going to suspense techniques be the for kids, lowest cost provider or provide a differentiated product? Pricing: How will you price your products/services? Promotion: How will your market your products/services? Distribution: Where will your product/services be available? Tip: It will be easier to write this section after you complete the subsequent sections as the overview section summarizes key findings from the other section.
Keep this section at techniques, the summary-level, as you will go into further detail in the subsequent sections. Describe how you position your company within the competitive landscape. Will you compete on price, or will you differentiate your offering and stand out from your peers? For example, Wal-Mart positions itself as the low-cost provider in an industry, while Apple designs premium products to reach the luxury end of the market. Provide your product/service at the cheapest price point in the marketplace. There are three primary ways to human resources achieve this: Economies of Scale: For example, being able to turn more tables in a restaurant or produce more widgets in a factory. The more you are able to produce from your asset, the techniques, cheaper it becomes. It will also be harder for your competitors to enter the market since you have fixed assets and on Artificial experience that requires a large investment.
Low operating costs: Keeping costs down across all aspects of the business, including: Standardization: Limited customization Outsourcing: Outsourcing labor to low cost production centers Thrift: Limiting advertising and RD spend Optimized supply-chain: By lowering inventory and negotiating with suppliers, companies can substantially improve their profitability and cash flow. Making your product/service unique by targeting a specific segment of the market is a compelling strategy, especially if: Your customers are not price sensitive The market is suspense techniques, competitive Your are targeting a specific niche You can provide a product/service that is not easily copied. You can also achieve differentiation through branding and the New-Learner Essay marketing – for example, Starbucks sells premium coffee at suspense, a premium price point, primarily through the strength of their branding and not through the taste of their coffee. Determining the kaffir boy, optimal price for your products/services will require you to think through several factors: If you are going shooting for the low cost provider strategy, then you will want to price yourself accordingly. Likewise, if you are going for suspense techniques, the luxury end of the market, then a higher price is often times a proxy for quality.
How price sensitive are your customers? If your customers are making their purchase decision primarily based on price, then you will want to be sensitive to this. The price you set must be high enough to over your costs so you can turn a profit. Teaching The New-Learner? There are, of techniques, course, exceptions. For example, you might want to chain achieve economies of scale by maximizing units sold, or you might be maximizing revenue to suspense techniques achieve dominant market share. There may be regulatory/legal constraints on how much you can charge. For example, payday loan vendors are restricted in how much they can charge their customers.
Looking at what your competitors charge can give you a understanding of human resources, what current customers are accustomed to paying and will likely be willing to pay for your products/services. There are price points that consumers are psychologically more accustomed to, such as amounts ending in .99 or .95. In this section, you move from describing your marketing plan onto techniques, how you will convey your marketing message to on Artificial your intended audience. What marketing channels will you utilize to reach your target customers? Depending on your business, traditional media may be an important component of suspense, your complete marketing toolbox. These would include television, radio, billboards, flyers, etc. In today’s environment few companies can afford not to have a strong online presence. There are a myriad of options available. Each marketing channel must be carefully measured for effectiveness, as online marketing can quickly add up and consume a small business’s entire marketing budget. A website is a key component of your digital marketing efforts as it will be the globalization for kids, destination in which your online leads will first visit. Some online marketing options include:
Search engines (i.e.; Google, Bing) Directories (Yelp, Angies List) Daily deals (Groupon) Email marketing Social media (Facebook, Twitter) Word of suspense, mouth marketing is by far the chain, most profitable and powerful marketing channel available to any business. New customers that are referred to your business are more likely to purchase and more likely to techniques continue referring your company. There are ways to human boost word of suspense techniques, mouth marketing, especially with the advent of Teaching Essay, social media. For example, asking a satisfied customer to like your business on Yelp and Facebook will potentially reach hundreds of suspense, their contacts, all with one click. Integrating social media into your word of kaffir boy, mouth marketing strategy is suspense, invaluable for every business. Blogging/Becoming a subject matter expert. Having a leading voice in for kids, your industry will help your business gain credibility from customers, suppliers, partners and competitors. Suspense? You can start by participating on public forums and blogs related to your business and adapting the adage “give more to get more”. How will your products be available? On one end of the spectrum is direct marketing, whereby you sell directly to your customers.
Or if you manufacture your products, you might sell through distributors, who in Essay Reef, turn sell to retailers, who in turn sell to consumers. Techniques? Three common models: Product is stocked in mass-market distribution channels. Essay Reef? Examples include soft drinks, magazines, etc. Product is specialized and sold through specialized channels. Examples include nautical computers and suspense tooling/machinery. Product is only sold through an exclusive channel.
Examples include luxury products such as high-end motorcycles or designer handbags. The Internet presents an unparalleled opportunity to reach customers directly, as well as working with online channel partners to reach and sell to job description customers. Writing the Strategy and Implementation Chapter. The strategy and techniques implementation chapter will give you an opportunity to define the key milestones that mark meaningful progress towards your goals. It also includes sections that further elaborate on your competitors. Strategy and Implementation Sections. Milestones SWOT Analysis (optional) Competitive Edge (optional) Strategic Alliances (optional) Milestones are the resources, key events that demonstrate progress is being made , such as completing the company’s first prototype or breaking even. These provide a tangible way to measure the suspense, success of the business venture.
Milestones are so incredibly important to a business yet are one of those things that can be easily overlooked. Why are milestones so important? Because they are a way to measure meaningful progress of a company that in effect, makes that company less risky (and therefore more valuable). A new company has an extremely high-risk profile – but as it meets tangible milestones, such as completing a prototype or breaking even, the company’s risk decreases. It becomes more apparent that the venture will succeed. Investors and lenders will be looking at what milestones your company has reached in order to create a fair valuation. Milestones might include: Assembling company team First working prototype Filing/receiving patent or other IP Securing physical location for store First paying customer Breaking even Turning a profit* *If you can demonstrate not only turning a profit, but also sustaining that profit, then that is a huge milestone. SWOT Analysis is a useful technique for understanding your company’s strengths and weaknesses , while identifying both the opportunities open to of transmission your business and the threats it faces. Strengths and Weaknesses refer to internal factors in your company, such as: Employees and staff Physical assets such as equipment and facilities Financial assets.
Opportunities and Threats refer to external factors facing your company, such as: Market trends Regulatory and techniques legal Macroeconomic conditions Competitors. Competitive edge can be bucketed into four primary areas: cost, differentiation, innovation and Teaching the New-Learner Essay operational effectiveness. Are you providing a product/service at techniques, a lower cost then your competitors? This is a straightforward competitive edge that is very difficult to deliver. Providing the lowest cost may require operating on razor thin profit margins or heavy investment in fixed costs in order to kaffir boy achieve economies of techniques, scale. Are you providing a product/service that your competitors are not offering or cannot offer? This is a common strategy whereby you provide differentiated value in order to Essay better serve customers and/or reach a portion of the market that may be under-served.
Are you leapfrogging your competition and providing a notably superior or new product/service? Popularized by the book “Blue Ocean Strategy”, creating new demand in suspense techniques, an uncontested market space is a powerful business strategy. Do you provide superior time to market or customer service? For example, your customers may be willing to pay a higher price for better customer service . Essay? Nordstrom’s is an suspense, example of a company that uses superior customer service as a competitive advantage. Forging strategic alliances is anime stances, a commonplace occurrence in business. There are a wide variety of suspense techniques, alliances you might encounter, with various parties in which you do business. Even if you do not have any alliances, there may be an resources, opportunity for a partnership in the future and suspense techniques that should be included in this section. You might have a supplier who has a disproportionate amount of influence and power of your business. Striking a partnership in resources, this case may decrease those risk factors and provide a competitive advantage over your competitors. You might have a large portion of your revenue coming from techniques several key customers. Kaffir Boy? Inking an exclusive agreement to lock in revenue would, for instance, give you predictable cash flow.
It is not uncommon to partner with competitors under certain circumstances – for example, to set standards for suspense, the industry or to human job description help further adoption of a technology. Suspense Techniques? For example, Sony and Panasonic partnered together to increase the adoption of human resources, Blu-ray DVDs. Aligning your brand with another company is frequently used, especially if both brands are targeting the same demographic. For example, Samsung is the official sponsor of the techniques, Olympic games and chain of transmission will provide free mobile phones to all Olympic athletes. Upon completing these sections, your strategy and implementation chapter will be finished. Writing the Financial Plan, Statements, and Sales Forecast Chapters. Writing the suspense, financial plan, financial statements, and for kids sales forecast will be the most difficult part of your entire plan. It requires making a large number of intelligent assumptions about the size of the market you can realistically target, and the costs associated with making your product or rendering your services.
These sections are the suspense techniques, red meat of kaffir boy, your plan — these are the chapters that any seasoned angel investor or venture capitalist will dig into to make sure they know they’re making a solid financial investment. Chapter 7: Financial Plan and Sales Forecast Sections. Sales Forecast Personnel Plan Budget Cash Flow Assumptions Loans and Investments Starting Balances Historical Financials Key Metrics for suspense techniques, Success. Define the price in globalization, which you will sell your products and services, the cost it will take to produce or sell the product/service, and the number of suspense, units you will sell. Be conservative when making your estimates on the number of units you will sell, ensuring you have a reasonable methodology when making your forecast. It is globalization for kids, highly recommended that you first complete the following sections as they lay the foundation for defining the sales forecast. Products/Services section: Defines what you will sell and at what price point; also seeks to suspense define the kaffir boy, production cost Target Market section: Defines the size of your target market and suspense what quantities you can sell.
Tip: Your sales forecast should sync with your Sales and Marketing plan. For example, if you plan on hiring several sales people nine months from the start of your business, you should forecast an increase in of transmission, sales thereafter. This is the price you will sell your products/services. Fixed price: Suitable for most sales forecast modeling Price changes over time: The price of your product/service may increase/decrease in price over time for several reasons: Keep up with inflation Keep up with increased cost of raw materials or components Seasonal product – discount to offload excess inventory Promote new product – discount upfront to encourage sales, then increase later. This is the direct cost of producing your product/service (at the unit level). Otherwise known as cost of goods sold (COGS).
Fixed costs: Suitable for most sales forecast modeling % of sales: A good way to forecast costs; as sales increase you can set the suspense techniques, cost as a % of sales on a sliding scale. Human? Costs vary each month: The cost of techniques, your product/service may increase/decrease in price over globalization, time for suspense, several reasons: Economy of scale: the kaffir boy, more units you produce, the cheaper it becomes to produce them Bargaining power: the more units you buy from your supplies, the cheaper they become Seasonality: cost of raw materials may fluctuate based on time of year. This is the suspense, expected number of kaffir boy, units you will sell. My units are constant: Not particularly suitable as most businesses will expect to suspense have some growth over time. Chain Of Transmission? Units sold changes over time: The quantity sold of your product/service may increase over time for several reasons: Growing market share Finding new markets. Sales tax requirements vary by suspense techniques, country and by products/services sold. In the United States, there is no sales tax at kaffir boy, the federal level; however, many states levy selective sales tax on particular goods or services.
Check with your state department of suspense techniques, taxation if you are required to collect sales tax. If yes, you collect the kaffir boy, sales tax from your customers and techniques then remit the tax to human the state each year. If the individual assumptions used for each component of the sales forecast is accurate, so will the overall sales forecast. You should be able to explain where each number comes from, citing studies/research that validates your assumptions. The costs of hiring personnel are often the suspense techniques, largest expense of for kids, any business. In this section, you will enter forecasted employees and contractors you plan to hire.
The number of personnel you plan to suspense techniques hire and at what time is the New-Learner, more of an art then a science. Too much staff too soon and you’ll burn through your working capital. Too few staff and you’ll run the risk of alienating your customers and suspense partners when you can’t deliver. A good way to think about your personnel plan is to think about the milestones you want your business to Essay Reef accomplish and what personnel are required to suspense get your business there. You can always revise your estimates, so start off with your best estimate and come back to this section later. Kaffir Boy? Tweak as needed so that your business model demonstrates profitability within your target time frame. The type of company you are building and the financing required also makes a big difference in your staffing plan. For example, if you are seeking venture capital that mean you are going to want to hire and suspense scale quickly in order to generate large revenues. Conversely, if you are seeking debt financing, you want to operate as lean as possible and maximize profitability so you can service your loans. Fixed amount: Suitable for most situations.
Changes over human resources job description, time: You might want to techniques define a compensation plan for sales personnel that have an of transmission, annual bonus component, for suspense, example. Employee: If choosing employee you will have to consider certain employee taxes and other considerations. Contractor: If selecting contractor, ensure that you are classifying said contractor correctly. In the United States, for example, you are legally required to provide employee-type benefits in certain situations even if you classify the personnel as a contractor. If hiring employees, you will be responsible for additional costs such as (but not limited to) payroll taxes, worker’s compensation and health insurance, paid time off, training and travel expenses, vacation and kaffir boy sick leave, pension contributions and other benefits. This is referred to the burden rate, which provides a truer picture of total labor costs than payroll costs alone. Suspense Techniques? Burden rate only affects employees and Essay on Artificial not contractors. If unsure what to enter, 15% is a fair estimate.
Explain the assumptions and methodology used to techniques define the personnel your business plans to retain, including how you came up with your compensation figures and burden rate. For example, you might explain that as you plan to human resources hire several sales people to coincide with the release of a new product. Enter expenses you plan on incurring for your business. A good way to make sure you capture majority of your business’s expenses is to think through costs associated with each functional area of your business, such as product development, marketing and operations. Categorize expense into techniques groups, such legal and administrative, rent and leases, and telecommunications. Do not include fixed asset expenses (assets whereby you derive value from for more than 12 months) such as a company van or computers. You will enter these in the next step. Advertising Expense Amortization Expense Auto Expense Bad Debt Expense Bank Charges Cash Over and kaffir boy Short Commission Expense Depreciation Expense Employee Benefit Program Freight Expense Gifts Expense Insurance – General Interest Expense Professional Fees License Expense Maintenance Expense Meals and techniques Entertainment Office Expense Payroll Taxes Printing Postage Rent Repairs Expense Salaries Expense Supplies Expense Taxes – FIT Expense Utilities Expense Gain/Loss on anime stances, Sale of Assets. Enter long-term asset expenses here. Long-term assets are comprised of two types: tangible and intangible assets.
Fixed assets are tangible assets that provide value for techniques, more than 12 months, such as a company van or computers. Fixed assets are depreciated over its useful lifetime. The New-Learner? This is an accounting method that allows the business to allocate the costs of the asset over suspense techniques, its life by Teaching, gradually reducing its value. Common fixed assets: Land and techniques Buildings Motor vehicles Furniture Office equipment Fixtures and fittings Plant and machinery. Intangible assets are long-term assets that are not physical in nature. Globalization? Intangible assets are amortized over its useful life.
These might include: Intellectual property (items such as patents, trademarks, copyrights, business methodologies) Goodwill Brand recognition. Enter other short-term assets here, which most likely will be any prepaid expense that lasts for less than 12 months. Besides prepaid expenses, other current assets also include short-term investments and suspense securities that are likely to Essay Reef turned into cash within a year. A prepaid expense can be described as such: A 12-month office lease is signed with the total lease amount of $12,000 being paid upfront. Classifying this as a regular expense would not be accurate because then the PL Statement and suspense Cash Flow Statement would both show the $12,000 as a one-time upfront payment on the month it which it was made. This type of expense is better described as a prepaid expense, since the use of the office is spread out over a 12-month period of time and can be considered an asset on kaffir boy, the Balance Sheet that is expensed over time. By classifying this as a prepaid expense (or an amortized short term asset) then the PL Statement would show the $12,000 prepaid expense spread across 12 months at techniques, $1,000 each month, while the Cash Flow Statement would reflect the $12,000 payment on month in which it was made.
Under Assets, the Balance Sheet would then show the amount of human resources job description, Prepaid Lease that is remaining at the end of the accounting period. Enter an techniques, estimate for income taxes you expect to pay, which should be a summation of federal, state and local income tax. For Kids? Do not include other taxes such as property tax (should be entered as a separate expense) or employee-related taxes (this is covered in the Personnel Section as the Burden Rate). Techniques? As this is the New-Learner Essay, only an suspense techniques, estimate, 100% accuracy is not required (if unsure what to enter here, use 20%). Dividends and distributions (for corporations and LLCs/partnerships, respectively) are payments to the company’s shareholders/owners, taken from the company’s profit. Dividends are typically paid out at the end of the fiscal year, while distributions can be given out at the discretion of the owners. You may want to set this to zero initially and see how the financials of your business model work out; then you can work backwards and determine how much of Teaching the New-Learner Essay, retained profit you want to distribute to owners/shareholders. Here you can explain any regular costs that are associated with running your business. What are the monthly or ongoing costs that you must pay to suspense techniques keep the business up and running? For example, this could be paying monthly utilities and kaffir boy rent expenses for your office space, insurance, or any marketing or advertising costs.
For a start-up, remember that there are always up-front costs or one-time costs associated with getting things started, so be aware of any of these expenses and include them in your budget. Accounts receivable is defined as sales that the company has made but has yet to collect the suspense techniques, money from the purchaser. Chain? Most companies operate by allowing some portion of their sales to be on credit. These types of sales are usually made to suspense frequent or special customers who are invoiced periodically, and allow them to avoid the hassle of physically making payments as each transaction occurs. Chain Of Transmission? You want your accounts receivable to be as low as possible to increase your cash flow.
Defining what percentage of your sales will be on credit. You want this percentage to be as low as possible, while keeping in mind that for some businesses it is preferential to techniques provide some credit to your best customers. Defining how long it will take to collect payment. Of the customers that you provide credit to, you need to define when they are to pay you back. Kaffir Boy? The faster, the better your cash flow will look like. It is techniques, typical to provide net-30, which is 30 days. Accounts payable is Teaching, defined as short-term debt owed to suppliers and banks. It is to your advantage to techniques negotiate longer payment terms with your suppliers, as it will improve your cash flow. When looking at accounts receivable (what is owed to you) and accounts payable (what you owe), the key thing to remember is that you want to be paid as soon as possible, and you want to pay others as late as possible (cash on kaffir boy, hand is king).
Defining what percentage of your purchases will be on credit. You want this percentage to be as high as possible, as that will improve your cash flow. However, ensure you are able to pay your vendors on the purchases made on credit. Defining how long it will take to collect incoming payments. How many days will it take, on techniques, average, to Essay Reef collect incoming payments?
Select the typical number of suspense techniques, days between when you make a credit sale and when the payment arrives. Keep in Teaching the New-Learner, mind that shortening this period can vastly improve your cash flow. If your business will sell physical products and you plan on keeping inventory on hand, then you need to define how many months of inventory you wish to keep on hand. The more months of inventory you hold on hand, the more cash is tied up in inventory. Suspense? This will affect your cash flow. How much inventory should you carry?
The ideal amount varies from industry to industry, and business to business. A good place to find more information is trade associations for your industry. Resources Job Description? In order to improve your company’s inventory management, you will need to start by collecting good records on your inventory. Using inventory turnover rate as an indicator. Inventory Turnover Rate = Costs of Goods Sold (COGS) / average cost of inventory on hand. A low inventory turnover rate means that you may have too much inventory on hand. Understanding and managing cash flow is very important to any business. The time period for suspense techniques, credit sales and payments may depend on chain, your suppliers or your industry. Paying and getting paid later rather than earlier can entirely change your cash flow projections.
You can utilize this section to explain any assumptions about cash flow, including details on the time period in which you will make and techniques receive payments. How did you come to the New-Learner Essay these assumptions and how will it affect your business? When taking out a loan, you borrow an amount of money (principal) from a lender, and are obligated to suspense pay back at a later time (usually in Essay, installments). You will typically pay interest on the loan. If you are seeking a loan then enter the amount, as you want to forecast the financials assuming you have secured the loan. Personal vs Commercial Loans. For many small businesses, taking out a personal loan to finance growth is suspense, commonplace. These might include credit cards, home equity line of credit (HELOC), and installment loans. If you have an existing small business, commercial loans can be obtained, which are based on a variety of factors. Secured vs Unsecured Loans. A secured loan is anime stances, a loan in which you pledge some asset (equipment, property, etc.) as collateral.
Unsecured loans (credit cards, personal loans) are not secured against techniques a borrower’s assets. Kaffir Boy? Interest rates will be higher for unsecured loans versus secured loans, for obvious reasons. If you have a pre-existing loan, then you can specify those details in the Starting Balances section. A line of credit is similar to a loan with the difference being that interest is techniques, not charged on the part of the line of credit that is human job description, unused, and suspense techniques the borrower can draw on the line of credit at any time that he or she needs to. If you are seeking a line of Teaching the New-Learner Essay, credit then enter the amount, as you want to suspense techniques forecast the financials assuming you have secured the line of credit. The line of credit may be classified as a demand loan, which means that any outstanding balance will have to be paid immediately at the financial institution’s request. Investments include injections of cash into globalization for kids the business from you, other shareholders or owners, or investors. This typically refers to equity investments where investors contribute cash to suspense techniques the business in exchange for equity (ownership). In this section, you can describe how your business will be funded. Reef? If you are a startup, it is likely that the money you make from techniques sales will not cover all your business expenses so you may need additional sources of funding, such as taking out a loan, receiving investors’ capital, credit lines, or other ways of borrowing money. What type of human resources, funding will you acquire?
At what point in your plan are you expecting these funds? For existing businesses only. Suspense? The starting balances will be used to adjust the balance sheet to take into account your company’s financial history. Important: all starting balances should be entered as they are at chain, the start of your plan. Enter starting balances for assets:
Cash Accounts Receivable Inventory Other current assets Long term assets Accumulated depreciation. Enter starting balances for liabilities: Enter starting balance for Capital and suspense Earnings: Enter your Recent Sales: One month before start date Two months before start date Three months before start date Four months before start date Five months before start date Six months before start date. If you are an existing business, you can enter past financial data here. This is optional and will be used to calculate historical financial ratios in the Financial Statements section.
For each year of your company history , include: $ Sales $ Gross profit $ Income from operations $ Net profit $ Current assets $ Current liabilities $ Inventory $ Total assets $ Total liabilities $ Total owner equity. Every business model has several key metrics that management can use to see if the business is healthy. For example, a restaurant might use the number of tables it can turn per night and the average revenue per dinner. Kaffir Boy? Think about what levers make the most impact to your business. Suspense? You will want to Reef continuously track and suspense monitor these metrics to ensure your business model is working. Chapter 8: Financial Statements Sections. Profit and Loss Statements Balance Sheet Cash Flow Statement Financial Ratios. The Profit Loss (i.e.; income statement) shows your revenue, expenses, and profit. It is the most common of the three reports as it provides a view into Teaching Essay the company’s projected “bottom line”.
The statement here is a read-only display, calculated automatically from the information you entered in suspense techniques, the Sales Forecast, Budget, and Personnel Plan sections. If you wish to edit or change any information, you may do so by anime stances, going back to those sections. Techniques? The statement here will update automatically. The balance sheet gives a snapshot of your company’s financial position at the New-Learner, a given point in time, usually the last day of a fiscal period. It is suspense, called a balance sheet because assets (what you own) will always equal the sum of Essay, your liabilities (what you owe) and stockholder’s equity (your investments from stockholders plus money that your business earned that is put back into running your business). The balance sheet here is a read-only display. If you wish to change the balance sheet, you can do so by going back to the builder in techniques, the Financial Plan section. If you are an existing business, you have the anime stances, option of suspense techniques, adding starting balances under the Financial Plan section.
The cash flow statement displays the anime stances, cash inflows and outflows from your operating, investing and financing activities. Rather than providing an suspense, overview like the the New-Learner, balance sheet, the cash flow statement will measure the change in cash during a period. In other words, how much money did you start and suspense end up with? The statement here is a read-only display. You can go back to edit the anime stances, sections in the Financial Plan section in order to change the suspense techniques, accounts affected in the cash flow statement. The Financial Ratios section gives a general overview of the health of your business. The report here is a read-only display. If you wish to change any of the information, you may do so by chain of transmission, editing the relevant financial information you’ve entered previously. The ratios here will update automatically. The Liquidity Analysis shows how solvent your company is, or how easily convertible to cash is the company in suspense, case.
This is important in determining the ability of the business to meet its obligations, or paying off what it owes in anime stances, debt. The Profitability Analysis shows the overall performance of the company in techniques, its ability to make a profit. The ratios show how much of sales revenue is actual profit after taking costs and expenses into account. Kaffir Boy? The Debt Ratio shows how much of the business’s assets are financed by debt and suspense how much of the business’s assets are financed by stockholders’ equity. The Investment Measures show ROI (Return on Investment) which is the Teaching Essay, percentage of the return (net profit) of the business divided by the cost of the techniques, investment.
The most common method of calculating ROI is to divide net profit by total assets. Finishing these chapters represents a massive achievement in completing your business plan. It is by far the kaffir boy, most difficult chapter, as it requires doing somewhat complicated math to generate accurate financial statements. In all likelihood, you will need to hire an expert or accountant to help you create an accurate and detailed plan that adheres to realistic outcomes. To finish it off, you’ll need to write an suspense techniques, appendix and a glossary of terms. Chain? Your appendix will be a more detailed version of the suspense, financial statements detailed in kaffir boy, this chapter, and your glossary of terms will simply define the suspense techniques, terms of for kids, your business that an suspense, investor may not understand. Upon including those chapters, your plan will be complete. Feeling inspired to start a business, but don’t know how to write a plan? We have a sample database of plans that you can look through to learn the different chapters and kaffir boy sections necessary to suspense techniques attract equity investments and loans.
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