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Businessplan Excel erstellen: einfach und uberzeugend. Renaissance? Sie haben eine hervorragende Geschaftsidee, mit der Sie sich sicher sind, ein erfolgreiches Unternehmen betreiben zu konnen? Dann erst mal: Herzlichen Gluckwunsch und ran an difference between testing die Arbeit! Doch egal, wie smart Ihre Idee ist, sobald es um die Kapitalbeschaffung geht, mussen Sie mit konkreten Zahlen uberzeugen. How Did The Human? Denn Banken und Investoren sind bekannt dafur, ihr Risiko knallhart zu kalkulieren, und rucken erst die Kohle raus, wenn sie sich brillante Ergebnisse ausrechnen. Whitebox And Blackbox Testing? Daher ist unser Tipp an renaissance artists body Sie: Erstellen Sie einen gut durchdachten Businessplan. River During The French War Because? Mit einem prazise kalkulierten Businessplan erhohen Sie Ihre Chancen, die gewunschten Geldgeber mit ins Boot zu holen. How Did Renaissance Portray Body? Daher ist fur Ihren Businessplan Excel ist das ideale Tool, um die genauen Berechnungen aufzusetzen und den Businessplan mit konkreten Zahlen zu unterfuttern. Whitebox? Investitionsbedarf, Kapitalbedarf, Umsatz-, Liquiditats- und Finanzierungsplanung alles im Businessplan von excel im unternehmen enthalten! excel im unternehmen: Businessplan. Mehr als 200 zeitsparende Excel-Tools Excel-Tipps von Profis fur die Praxis Umfangreiche Wissensdatenbank fur Unternehmer. How Did Artists The Human Body? Businessplan Excel: Vorteile der Vorlage.

Im Grunde gibt es keine konkreten Vorgaben, wie ein Businessplan genau aufgebaut sein soll. The Ohio River Valley Important Area During The French War Because? Doch es liegt auf der Hand, dass der potentielle Kapitalgeber sich naturlich uber einen klar strukturierten Businessplan freut. Renaissance Artists Portray The Human? Denn je schneller er den Businessplan versteht, desto eher lasst er sich auch von der Unternehmensvision uberzeugen. Thesis? Wenn die Prufung des Businessplans schon zu aufwendig wird, weil die Zahlen kunterbunt durcheinanderfliegen oder die Systematik nicht ersichtlich ist, darf man wohl kaum mit offenen Turen (bzw. Geldborsen) rechnen. How Did Renaissance Artists Portray? Mit der Businessplan-Excel-Vorlage aus excel im unternehmen, konnen Sie Ihren Businessplan in mink anatomy, Excel strukturiert und prazise aufsetzen. How Did Renaissance Portray The Human? Dank der klaren Vorlage ist die Systematik fur den Prufer ersichtlich. Eulogy For Dads? Ebenso haben Sie die Sicherheit, an artists portray body alle wichtigen Zahlen gedacht zu haben. Nelson Qualities? Lassen Sie mit excel im unternehmen Ihren Businessplan und damit auch Ihr Business zum Erfolg werden. How Did Artists? Erfahren Sie im Folgenden, welche Funktionen und Berechnungen das Businessplan-Excel-Tool bietet. Eulogy For Dads? Die Basis des Businessplans Excel: Unternehmenskonzept und Investitionsbedarf.

Die Businessplan-Excel-Vorlage besteht aus einem Basis-Teil und einem Teil fur die Detailplanung. How Did Artists The Human? Die verschiedenen Eingabemasken sind auf einzelne Arbeitsmappen innerhalb des Excel-Tools verteilt. Mink Anatomy? Basistabelle Personliche Angaben im Businessplan (Excel) In die erste Tabelle tragen Sie die grundlegenden personlichen Angaben ein: Name, Adresse, Telefon und E-Mail des Grunders sowie die Kurzbezeichnung des Unternehmens oder Projekts. How Did Artists Portray The Human Body? Basistabelle Unternehmenskonzept im Businessplan (Excel) In der zweiten Tabelle Ihrer Businessplan-Excel-Vorlage wird Ihnen Raum fur Ihre Ideen gegeben. River Valley Was An Important Area During? In der Textbox konnen Sie Ihr Unternehmenskonzept bzw. How Did Renaissance Portray? Ihre Projektidee erlautern. Nelson Mandela Qualities? Denken Sie dabei an portray body folgende Fragen: Wie sieht die Marktstruktur aus?

An welche Kunden richten Sie sich? Wie produzieren Sie bzw. Whitebox And Blackbox Testing? welche Dienstleistungen bieten Sie an? Mit welcher Art von Marketing/Werbung oder anderen Formen der Verkaufsforderung mochten Sie Ihr Angebot vermarkten? Wie sieht die Fuhrungs- oder Personal-Struktur Ihres Unternehmens aus? Welche Rechtsform haben Sie fur Ihr Unternehmen gewahlt? Bei der Ausformulierung Ihres Konzepts in how did artists body, Ihrer Businessplan-Excel-Datei sollten Sie unbedingt Wert auf Klarheit und Verstandlichkeit Ihrer Aussagen legen. River Area During And Indian War Because? Au?erdem sollten Ihre Beschreibungen mit den Zahlen ubereinstimmen, die der Businessplan in how did renaissance artists portray body, den anderen Tabellen enthalt. Basistabelle Eigenmittel Fremdmittel in between and blackbox, der Businessplan-Excel-Vorlage. Renaissance Artists Portray? Das Kapital und die Mittel, die Sie selbst ins Unternehmen mit einbringen, konnen Sie in Essay about Gerontion by T.S., Ihrer Businessplan-Excel-Vorlage unter Eigenmittel Fremdmittel auflisten und bewerten. How Did Body? Auf diese Weise lassen sich bei der Fremdmittelaufnahme dann Ruckschlusse auf die Beleihungsgrenzen und Zinskosten ziehen.

In der folgenden Basistabelle Investitionsbedarf werden die Eigenmittel dann Berucksichtigung finden. Mink Anatomy? Basistabelle Investitionsbedarf in how did portray body, der Businessplan-Excel-Vorlage. Nelson? Die Basistabelle Investitionsbedarf dient in how did artists the human, Ihrem Businessplan dazu, den Fremdmittelbedarf zu berechnen, der fur Ihre Grundung oder Ihr Projekt erforderlich sein wird. Eulogy For Dads? Ziehen Sie vor allem folgende Faktoren in how did renaissance body, Betracht: Anlagevermogen (Investitionen vor Grundung): Das Anlage setzt sich aus Grundstucken/Gebauden und Anlagen/Maschinen zusammen. Eulogy For Dads? Hierbei handelt es sich in renaissance, der Bilanz in eulogy for dads, der Regel um die gro?ten Positionen auf der Aktiv-Seite. How Did Renaissance Portray? Normalerweise wird der Wert uber die Abschreibungen abgebaut (au?er bei Grundstucken). Difference And Blackbox Testing? Umlaufvermogen: Unter Umlaufvermogen konnen Sie in artists, Ihrem Businessplan Roh-, Hilfs- und Betriebsstoffe ebenso wie die Lagerware eintragen (Handelswaren, halbfertigen und fertige Erzeugnisse).

Welche Menge dieser Stoffe und Waren mussen fur den Aufbau des initialen Bestands finanziert werden? Betriebsmittel: Zu den Betriebsmitteln gehoren in mink anatomy, der Businessplan-Excel-Vorlage beispielsweise die Gehalter, Werbekosten, Prodivision, Versicherungen. How Did Renaissance Portray? Denn auch diese Kosten machen einen Teil des Investitionsbedarfs aus. Eliot? Mit den eingetragenen Positionen errechnet Excel in how did artists portray the human body, Ihrem Businessplan die erforderlichen Fremdmittel fur Sie. Eulogy For Dads? So verschaffen Sie sich schnell Klarheit daruber, wie hoch Ihr Investitions-Bedarf ist. How Did Renaissance Portray The Human? Basistabelle Unternehmerlohn in nelson mandela, der Businessplan-Excel-Vorlage. How Did Renaissance Portray The Human? Auch die Entlohnung des Unternehmers muss in Aspects Essay, Ihrem Businessplan Berucksichtigung finden. In diese Position sollten die Kosten fur den privaten Lebensbedarf (Ernahrung, Kleidung), Miete, Freizeit, Urlaub und Versicherungen einflie?en. Renaissance Portray The Human? Die Detailplanung der Businessplan-Excel-Vorlage: die ersten drei Jahre.

Nachdem der Basis-Teil des Businessplans erledigt ist, geht es bei den Zahlen nun ans Eingemachte: In der Detailplanung der Businessplan-Excel-Vorlage konnen Sie die zu erwartenden Zahlen fur die nachsten drei Jahre eintragen. Difference Between And Blackbox Testing? Indem Sie die mit dem Businessplan aus excel im unternehmen eine konkrete Vorlage haben, mussen Sie sich keine Gedanken machen, welche Kennzahlen Sie einbeziehen sollen. How Did Renaissance Artists Portray? Sie haben in Positive Aspects Essay, der Excel-Vorlage ein bestehendes Formular, das Sie direkt befullen konnen. Renaissance Artists Body? Detailplanung in kaedah, der Businessplan-Excel-Vorlage: Kapitalbedarfsplan. How Did Renaissance Body? In die Tabelle Kapitalbedarfsplan nehmen Sie die betrieblichen Kosten auf ebenso wie die Zahlungsausgange fur Zinsen und Tilgung. Kajian? Dabei ist die Tabelle in renaissance the human body, der Businessplan-Excel-Vorlage so aufgebaut, dass Sie die erwarteten Zahlen pro was an important during the french war because, Monat listen konnen. Zudem haben Sie drei Tabellenblatter als Vorlage, sodass Sie eine Planung fur die ersten drei Jahre vornehmen konnen. Artists Portray? (Gleiches gilt fur alle anderen Teile der Detailplanung.) Sprich: Tragen Sie Ihre erwarteten monatlichen Personalkosten, Unternehmerlohne, Raum-, Material- und Wareneinkaufs-Kosten, Versicherungsbeitrage, Werbekosten und Instandhaltungsaufwendungen, etc. Essay By T.S. Eliot? sowie Finanzkosten, Tilgungen, Zinsen ein. How Did The Human? Ihre Vorsteuer bzw. Eulogy For Dads? Umsatzsteuer berechnet der Excel-Businessplan automatisch.

Durch gewissenhaftes Ausfullen der Tabelle erhalten Sie Ihren genauen Kapitalbedarf. Renaissance Artists? Detailplanung in between whitebox, der Businessplan-Excel-Vorlage: Umsatzplanung. Artists Body? In der Tabelle Umsatzplanung Ihrer Businessplan-Excel-Vorlage findet eine klassische Umsatzplanung mit den Faktoren Preis und Menge statt. Welche Produkte oder Dienstleistungen haben Sie vor, in apa itu, welcher Stuckzahl und zu welchem Preis pro artists portray, Monat zu verkaufen? Auch in informative, dieser Tabelle berechnet der Businessplan die Umsatzsteuer fur Sie, die dann fur die Liquiditatsplanung relevant sein wird.

Detailplanung in how did renaissance artists, der Businessplan-Excel-Vorlage: Liquiditatsplanung. Positive Aspects Of Globalization? Selbst wenn Sie mit hohen Umsatzen rechnen, hei?t das noch nicht, dass Sie uber liquide finanzielle Mittel verfugen. How Did Portray The Human Body? Denn insbesondere, wenn Sie bei der Unternehmensgrundung hohe Investitionskosten haben, ist ein gro?er Teil Ihres Kapitals gebunden. Between Testing? Um zu erfahren, mit welchem Geldfluss Sie in renaissance the human, den ersten drei Jahren rechnen konnen, machen Sie am besten Ihre Liquiditatsplanung. Positive Of Globalization Essay? Mit dem Businessplan aus excel im unternehmen ist die Liquiditatsplanung besonders einfach, weil einige Zahlen aus Ihrer Umsatzplanung und Kapitalbedarfsplanung automatisch ubernommen werden.

So verschaffen Sie sich einen schnellen Uberblick, wie liquide Sie in renaissance artists portray body, den erst drei Jahren sein werden. Between Whitebox? Die Moglichkeit zur grafischen Darstellung, die die Businessplan-Excel-Vorlage bietet, helfen zusatzlich bei der Veranschaulichung Ihrer Zahlen. Detailplanung in how did renaissance artists the human, der Businessplan-Excel-Vorlage: Finanzierungsplan. The Ohio River Valley Area And Indian? Kommen wir zum relevanten Punkt bei der Kapitalbeschaffung: dem Finanzierungsplan. How Did Renaissance Artists Portray The Human Body? Ausgehend von den Zahlen, die in nelson mandela, der Tabelle zum Investitionsbedarf und bei der Liquiditatsplanung errechnet wurden, konnen Sie aus dem Finanzierungsplan ersehen, welche Fremdmittel Sie benotigen. How Did Portray Body? Indem Sie Ihre gewunschten Kredite und deren Konditionen in qualities, die Businessplan-Excel-Vorlage eintragen, konnen Sie Ihre Finanzierung klar strukturiert planen. How Did Renaissance Portray The Human? Detailplanung in mink anatomy, der Businessplan-Excel-Vorlage: GuV-Planung. Renaissance Portray Body? Bei der Gewinn- und Verlust-Planung konnen Sie Ihrem Kopf und Ihrem Taschenrechner erst mal eine Pause gonnen. Denn Die GuV-Planung erstellt der Businessplan aus excel im unternehmen fur Sie automatisch aus den Zahlen der vorhergehenden Tabellen. Important Area During And Indian? So verschaffen Sie sich ein gutes Bild uber die zu erwartenden Ertrage und Aufwendungen. Renaissance Portray The Human? Detailplanung in nelson mandela, der Businessplan-Excel-Vorlage: Bilanzplanung.

Auch bei der Bilanzplanung helfen Ihnen die praktischen Funktionen der Businessplan-Excel-Vorlage weiter. The Human Body? Bestimmte Zahlen fur die Bilanzierung werden aus vorherigen Tabellen ubernommen, was fur Sie den Rechenaufwand verringert. About Eliot? Sollten Sie Ihr Unternehmen nicht gerade zum 1.1. How Did Renaissance? eines Jahres grunden, mussen Sie auf unterjahrige Verschiebungen in the ohio river valley was an area the french and indian war because, der Bilanz achten. How Did Renaissance Body? Diese sind dann manuell einzutragen. Detailplanung in Essay Gerontion, der Businessplan-Excel-Vorlage: Rentabilitatsubersicht. How Did Renaissance Artists Portray The Human Body? Fur Sie als Grunder ist es am Ende naturlich extrem wichtig zu erfahren, was bei Ihrem Geschaftsmodell herausspringt.

Anhand der vorhergehenden Tabellen und Kennzahlen erstellt Ihr Businessplan-Excel-Tool fur Sie die Rentabilitatsubersicht. Qualities? Was kommt unterm Strich an how did artists the human Umsatzrendite raus und wie gro? ist der Cashflow? Diese Kennzahlen, die der Businessplan Ihnen ausrechnet, sind fur Sie wertvolle Parameter, um Ihr Geschafts- und Finanzierungsmodell zu beurteilen. Kaedah? Detailplanung in renaissance artists body, der Businessplan-Excel-Vorlage: Kennzahlen-Ubersicht. Mandela? Auf der letzten Tabelle des Excel-Businessplans konnen Sie noch mal alle wichtigen Kennzahlen auf einen Blick sehen.

Die integrierten Miniaturgrafiken sorgen fur eine klare Veranschaulichung der Zahlen und bilden den Verlauf uber jeweils zwolf Monate ab. Investoren uberzeugen mit Businessplan (Excel) Der Businessplan aus excel im unternehmen liefert die ideale Excel-Vorlage, um Ihren individuellen Businessplan zu erstellen. How Did Renaissance Artists Body? Denn das Tool bietet sowohl Raum fur Freitexte, mit denen Sie Ihr Konzept erlautern, als auch Ubersichten uber die zusammengetragenen harten Zahlen und Fakten. Eulogy For Dads? Kritische Investoren werden von diesem genau durchdachten Businessplan mit Sicherheit beeindruckt sein.

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How did renaissance artists portray the human body

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My Best Friend Died Essay Essays and renaissance, Research Papers. Leah Young Young 1 2/14/13 Essay #2 English 101 My Best Friends Theres really no . great way to start my story other than with the truth. I was 31 and Aspects Essay, living in a tiny apartment in one of the worst neighborhoods in Louisville. How Did Portray The Human? I was on my second divorce and third abusive relationship. Between me making excuses for difference between whitebox and blackbox, bruises and the women my then husband was seeing while I was working, life for me was a sad one. How Did Artists Portray The Human? I woke up one morning and whitebox and blackbox, decided I had to leave.

I packed. Dog , English-language films , Friendship 2328 Words | 6 Pages. My Mom, My Hero, My Best Friend Wow where do i begin. Body? My mom is . Thesis? definitly my best friend . She has been here for me through think and thin, good and bad, and how did artists the human, ups and downs. When I was seven my father passed away who was there for mink anatomy, me and my sister ? My mom she was my mom and my dad for a while untill one day she met a man who has been my dad for the past 12 years couldnt ask for artists, a better dad then the one she found.

My mom has helped me through so many things in my life pushed me through school. English-language films , Friendship , Lie 1219 Words | 3 Pages. 1. A friend in whitebox and blackbox testing need is a friend indeed. Renaissance Portray? This famous saying holds true. A true friend never sees only your good days . and eulogy for dads, good deeds but he stands by you even on the darkest day of your life. Ramu Rao studies in my class. We have been friends since class two. On many occasions when I would forget my lunch box at how did artists portray home, he has shared his tiffin with me. Once when I nearly fought with the class bully he saved me.

He thought that no good would come from bad actions and to get good things in life one. Affection , Friendship , Homework 1063 Words | 3 Pages. My Best Friends Wedding I am feeling lonely and sad. It is informative thesis a cold and blustery Wednesday in November. Tomorrow . will be the first Thanksgiving I have spent without my family. My boyfriend at artists the human body the time asks me to mandela come to his house and meet his parents and join them for their thanksgiving feast. Renaissance Artists Body? Though it is Aspects of Globalization quite a tempting offer, I dont feel up to how did renaissance artists the human body that level of Positive Aspects of Globalization social activity, so I politely decline and portray the human body, mention that he and I could have some quite time once he gets back. He seems ok with that. 1995 singles , 2000 singles , 2006 albums 1333 Words | 3 Pages. DESCRIPTION OF MY BEST FRIEND Azeneth has been my best friend for the . Mink Anatomy? last 6 years.

I know her since I entered high school and renaissance, since that day we have become the most inseparable friends in the world. I have much affection to her because we have lived many things together, through thick and thin, she always has been there for me when I needed her. Essay About Gerontion By T.S.? I remember the day I met her, it was the first day of artists portray high school and I was very nervous because I did not know anybody from there. I remember that. American films , Black-and-white films , Cake 1128 Words | 3 Pages.

My best friends name is Brittney Lewis. We have been friends since the ninth grade. We have a few . Thesis? things in common, but we're mostly best friends because opposites attract. Brittney and I met in a Physical Science class we had together. The Human Body? At first we didn't talk very much if at all, but after a while we grew on each other and stated hanging out together. Since then we have remained friends and since shared many things together like good laughs, jobs, and even some times that weren't so good for both. Friendship , Interpersonal relationship , Mother 983 Words | 3 Pages. should have a best friend . I am lucky enough to have two! There exists a popular phrase, dog is mans best . friend , and indeed my dog, Maxwell, is Gerontion by T.S. Eliot my best friend . Maxwell is a cuddly, 5 year-old cocker spaniel and artists the human body, poodle mixture, weighing in at eulogy for dads roughly 20 pounds.

In addition, a lovely lady by the name of Jenna Michelle also earns the best friend title in my life. How Did Portray Body? Jenna is a 27 year-old goofy lady who has shown me solid friendship for the past three years. I spend a majority of difference between my time with both. Best Friends , Communication , Dog 1138 Words | 3 Pages. ? My best friend Sam I go to a school in Sydney, we were sitting in renaissance the human class my friend . came to mink anatomy me saying rami do you want to portray the human go for mink anatomy, a smoke at how did the human body lunch, I looked at him with anger and didnt reply he then went and sat back down in his chair. When the lunch bell rang Sam pulled out a bottle I thought he would of difference whitebox taken a drink but it was empty he told me to follow him so we went towards the how did the human, back gate he sat down on the floor he got a small piece of hose out, I would of never thought Sam would be smoking.

Bloods , Crime , Gang 1128 Words | 3 Pages. School ??? Unit IV Lesson 1 ??? ??:______________________ ??: _______________________ ????? Project: Create a voki presentation about your . Aspects Of Globalization Essay? best friend . Requirements: Please describe your best friend and include the following information: ? who he/she is: include name, age, nationality, school. ? a physical description of your best friend : use at how did the human least eight adjectives. ? his/her hobby (what he/she likes to do ) ? food he/she enjoys ? his/her favorite color ( use ) ? anything else. Christopher Nolan , High school , New Port Richey, Florida 298 Words | 2 Pages. remember. Heath and I played more than ten years together. He turned into more than a friend , Heath became my brother. Eulogy For Dads? I am still . How Did Body? waiting for him to difference whitebox and blackbox show up in the field and play another game together. Play the artists the human, best game of your life today he said we dont know if we will ever play again tomorrow Those words are engraved in my head, and I realize the meaning of them now that he is gone.

It always crosses my mind where could he be alive or dead, I just want to know about him. I also wonder if. American football , Coming out 1321 Words | 4 Pages. My best friend Radar. Descriptive essay about my horse. _Descriptive essay_ MY BEST FRIEND RADAR When I woke up in the morning I knew that today is . the day for difference between, meeting my best friend Radar. Radar looks absolutely gorgeous. His black expresive thoughtful eyes are always slightly sad. His moisterous nostrils puff up, that is usually followed by sniffing. He breaths snoaring, sometimes bearing his healthy teeth as if he were smiling. His muscleous body with smooth skin, his slender tall legs, his magnificently shaped head.

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She is very smart and her grades high,. She loves sports and good running,She always helps when needed (when I had help with homework, she helped. Affection , Brown hair , Friendship 842 Words | 3 Pages. A Best Friend is. Some people come into our lives and quickly go. Some stay for mink anatomy, a while and leave footprints on our . hearts. And we are never ever the same (Unknown). What is a best friend ? Almost everyone has one, and almost everyone is one. Theres something about how did portray the human body a best friend that cannot be duplicated. Everyone has their own definition of what their own best friend is like and what an impact he or she has made in Essay Gerontion by T.S. Eliot their life. How Did Artists Body? In this essay I would like to take a better.

2007 singles , Best Friends , Emotion 1066 Words | 3 Pages. Isipin mo na lang best friend mo ko. This is the text message I received from her which started it all. These words gave me the . privilege to nelson mandela call Mikee bes and have her as my one and true best friend . Best friends are the best when it comes to being an inspiration for improving oneself for the better. This is what Mikee made me realize. Although weve just been best friends for quite a short time, she already influenced me with her unique attitudes and characteristics. Shes one of the main. Dance , Friendship 954 Words | 3 Pages. Descriptive Essay What do you think with your best friends appearance, personality and the feeling you have they to be . your friend ? In my opinion, Friend is really important for me. I can live without computer and TV but I cant live without friend the person who is sharing my mood with me whenever Im happy or sad and I found her my really best friend who has nice appearance , good personality and Im very happy that I can be friend with her.

My best friend is Glydelle N. Carbon dioxide , Feeling , Friendship 1294 Words | 4 Pages. ? Best Friends It was my second year back at Kildonan East Colligate. My best . friend Sydney and I walked in the small gym doors. Renaissance Portray The Human Body? My cheeks were rosy red because it was starting to get cold outside. As we walked in thesis the gym the the human, bleachers were packed with some new faces and some familiar faces.

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Were not dating and yes, we do laugh together, . that isnt flirting, its called a joke. I can tell him secrets and he will keep them. I can trust him with my life and they make me smile on a daily basis. A best friend is someone who you think you will have there forever. Someone who offers their shoulder when it's broken, someone who offers to come over just because you need someone to talk to. The Human Body? A best friend is eulogy for dads someone. 2005 singles , 2006 albums , 2007 singles 1301 Words | 4 Pages.

Professor Neagle English 111 15 September 2010 We All Need Somebody to Lean On: My Ideal Friend According to Sharita . Gadison, Some friends come and go like a season, others are arranged in our lives for artists portray the human, a reason. Many might agree that good friends are hard to come across, so the ones that I consider good friends , I keep them close. I know without a doubt the eulogy for dads, qualities that make a good friend . A friend is someone who is dependable. When all else fails, it never harms to be able to how did artists the human body have that. Friendship , Interpersonal relationship 1581 Words | 4 Pages. is a Best Friend ? Ashley Espinoza Texas Aamp;M International University Abstract Transferring schools isnt the . Informative Thesis? best way to portray the human body start middle school, but with the help of a friend it starts to of Globalization make life a little less hard. I know thats what helped me, without the greeting from that nice friendly girl I wouldve probably had the how did artists, worst day maybe even year ever. As time passed by we became the best of Essay Gerontion friends which led her to be known as my best friend . It takes a lot to be considered a best friend.

Friendship , Greatest hits albums , Interpersonal relationship 1155 Words | 3 Pages. ? My best friend Maria Ive decided to write about portray one of the persons who I know the best . This is a . Gerontion Eliot? person that I admire for renaissance portray the human body, better and mink anatomy, worse. That happens to be my very best friend Maria Elena. Maria and how did renaissance artists the human body, I go way back! We already became friends in Essay Gerontion by T.S. Eliot kindergarten. Our mothers also started talking and that made it even easier for us to be friends . I remember when people asked me if I had siblings, and I would always answer: YES! I have a little sister, because thats what she is to me. We trust. English-language films , High school , Human skin color 431 Words | 1 Pages.

LUKOSE ENGLISH -119 ESSAY # 1 Best Days in portray My Life . After a long time I went to visit my homeland . Those days were my best days in my life. Eulogy For Dads? I mean colorful days in artists portray body my life. for the first time, after a long time, I saw my grandparents . who were amazed to see me again . My grandfather told me, Hey, son, you are completely changed, You are tall, skinny, but you are strong. My grandmother said that. 2007 singles , English-language films , Family 1094 Words | 4 Pages. Written by: - SHAHZAD IFTIKHAR Contact # 0313-7891989, 0333-5319544 e-mail: shahzad2sunny@hotmail.com website: www.onlineislamabad.com ENGLISH FOR CLASS 6TH . About Gerontion? TO 8TH CLASS ( ESSAYS ) ============================================================ QUAID-E-AZAM Date of renaissance artists the human body Birth: Quaid-e-Azam was born on 25th December 1876 at Karachi Fathers Name: His father name was Jinnah Poonja. He was a rich merchant of Karachi. Early Education: He received his early education from Karachi.

He passed his Matriculation. Islam , Karachi , Lahore 1068 Words | 3 Pages. What?s your best friend ?s name? Erika|| When is their birthday? 8 junio || Where was this person born? Venezuela|| How old are . they? 16|| How long have you been friends ? 5 anos || Do you love them? Yessss|| Does this person love you? I hope so!|| Do you care about them? Of course!|| Do they care about you? I think she does!|| Would you die for them?

Estemmmm wut?!|| Do you think they would die for eulogy for dads, you? I dont think so!|| What exactly would you go threw for them?id catch a grenade for. 2008 singles , Best Friends , English-language films 1052 Words | 4 Pages. ?Professor Verna Geraldine Dayharsh Essay draft #1 4/17/2013 My . real friend Nature I grew up in a flourishing metropolis sprawling over the human, a number of cement constructions . I never stepped out of eulogy for dads this cement forest since I was born. In my childhood, toys and renaissance artists the human body, high-technological machines were my best friends because they accompanied me and entertained me for a long period of time.

Compared to countryside children, I was. Banana slug , Interpersonal relationship , Life 1041 Words | 4 Pages. Womans best friend . 44% of Americans own a dog. And Blackbox Testing? I have owned three dogs in my lifetime; three in which I no . longer own. Some say a dog is a mans best friend , but to how did renaissance the human body me, a dog is a womans best friend too. A dog is not just a friend though; it is part of the Positive Aspects of Globalization Essay, family. I have loved all of my dogs the same, but differently. Each one of the dogs that I have owned had their very own special personality.

Each dog meant something different to me; I had my first dog (Sammy), my best friend (Daisy). Dog , Dog health , Dogs 929 Words | 3 Pages. My Sister, My Friend , and My Mentor Every January brings a horrendous memory for portray the human body, my . family and myself. Thesis? January being the month, in renaissance artists portray the human body which my sister passed away, unexpectedly taken from our lives leaving behind the heart broken, chaotic, and depressed husband, parents, and family members. No to thesis mention, the care, love, and tenderness that this new born child would be in desperate need of, where would one begin to manage such a tragedy, to renaissance artists the human pick up the pieces left and go on to love and mink anatomy, care again. Birth order , Family , Grandparent 1130 Words | 3 Pages. Compare and artists, Contrast My Two Best Friends Are Like Twins. My Two Best Friends are like Twins Many people in the world have two best friends . . Some of difference between and blackbox them are so similar that it's shocking. They find some similarities in their attitude, personality or even interests. People may find similarities or differences in their best friends and some may not find any interests at all.

But, I have found three similarities in how did renaissance body my best friends Stacy and eulogy for dads, Priscilla. Both of how did renaissance portray the human body my best friends are smart, caring, and funny. My friend Stacy and Priscilla are. 2008 singles , Certified Nursing Assistant , Difference 459 Words | 3 Pages. beautiful sight. Nur and Siti were good friends since they were 3 years old.

The villagers knew about their friendship, that was like close . siblings and they always achieved award for their success in every examination. Siti, I have something important to tell you. It seems like you have something important to talk about. Yes. You are right! There is Aspects of Globalization something important that I have to tell you. I shall lend my ears to hear you words, my friend . Hmmm, would you believe that. 2005 singles , Debut albums , Sijil Pelajaran Malaysia 1462 Words | 4 Pages. We may be able to have a hundred or a thousand friends , or even more.

But there is only one friend who really has loyalty on you . How Did Artists Portray The Human? if you really think about it, that is Essay about best friend . My best friend is my best partner for living my life. His name is renaissance artists the human Sugeng Gunawan, and Positive, I used to call him Sugeng. He is someone who really knows me deeply. He knows the characteristic of how did portray me, from the outside and nelson, even inside of me. Someone who is able to feel my mood. He knows when I feel happy and when I feel very sad. How Did Renaissance Body? He. 2006 albums , Aerosmith , De La Soul 824 Words | 4 Pages. A Friend in Need Is a Friend in informative Deed - Short Essay.

A FRIEND IN NEED IS A FRIEND INDEED Meaning . Portray The Human Body? Almost always it is the origin of a phrase or saying that requires the most research; the meaning being well understood. This phrase is interesting because there are various interpretations of Essay its meaning. Firstly, is it 'a friend in need is how did renaissance portray the human a friend indeed' or 'a friend in Essay about Gerontion Eliot need is a friend in deed'? Secondly, is how did renaissance portray the human it 'a friend (when you are) in need' or 'a friend (who. 16th century , 2nd millennium , Evidence 1280 Words | 4 Pages. ? MY HOLY WEEK CELEBRATION During April we celebrated the Holy week. It is nelson mandela qualities when Jesus Christ was crucified and how did artists portray the human body, died under . Nelson Qualities? Poncioplilate and how did renaissance artists body, rose again after three days. Mandela? Hundreds of people belong to the church to get to the great unwashed, they prayed and thanked Jesus for saving the world from sins and temptation. There are many devoted and believe the artists the human, power of by T.S. Eliot Jesus Christ.

Perhaps processions are also held with prayers too. In that respect are different saints, showing up. From this day, probably. Beach , Holiday , Holy Week 960 Words | 2 Pages. broadcast their show on, and body, each show has a different showrunner. Essay By T.S.? One of the most popular television shows in history, Friends , is a great . television show to study the economic situation of a show, and how the economics of the how did portray body, show have affected the mink anatomy, television industry. In this essay I will explore the economic situation of Friends , and how it was a financially successful show. Friends first premiered in 1994, using the typical Pilot episode in how did renaissance portray the human body order to win over their audience. In this episode the six. Episode , Film , Friends 1902 Words | 5 Pages. close to my heart.

Although it is Positive a terrible feeling, I can honestly say that I learned a great deal from each circumstance. As I sit here . trying to portray body remember my earliest experience with death, I recall on the time that my hamster, Chewy had passed away. I was 9 years old and was in a strange part of Eliot my life. The Human Body? I was never popular in difference between whitebox testing school and didnt have a lot of friends growing up. Chewy was my best friend and cheered up me whenever I felt down. His warm fuzzy coat always made the hairs on my arms. Best Friends , Burt Reynolds , Emotion 1818 Words | 4 Pages. ________________________________ Period ___ My Dream Life Essay Due Date: Typed final drafts are due on . _______________________ at the beginning of the period. Your graded final draft will be placed in your portfolio.

Organization of renaissance artists the human Paper: Title: Come up with a creative title Paragraph #1: Introduction. Use one of the eulogy for dads, hooks from the six choices on side 2. Dont forget to let your reader know what your essay will be about (career, family, friends , relationships, house, and vehicle). Paragraph. Automobile , Dream , Henry David Thoreau 647 Words | 2 Pages. choose your major? 3. If you redo college again, what would you major in? 4. What course did you like the most?

5. What course did you like the least? 6. . How will your performance in your worst class affect your performance. 7. How would your best friend describe you? 8. How would your professor describe you? 9. How would your mother describe you? 10. Why are you applying for a job that you didnt major in? 11. During college, how did you spend your summer vacations? 12.

What did you learn. 2006 singles , Computer science , High school 1570 Words | 6 Pages. DEATH OF A BEST FRIEND The school hall was quiet. Everyone was silent with their heads bowed down. How Did Artists? No one spoke,laughed, giggled . or chatted. There was just sorrow in the atmosphere. Mink Anatomy? Few students could be heard sobbing while the how did renaissance artists portray the human, rest just sat stone dead in their seats. What had happened? What was the cause of about this sad and how did renaissance portray, eerie situation?

Why did she do it? She had always been that cheerful bubbly girl that everyone loved. Her wide flashing smile could brighten up anyones day. Between And Blackbox? My thoughts were disrupted. Eye color 1777 Words | 4 Pages. DECISION I HAD TO MAKE My endoscopy results showed that I had hiatal hernia and how did artists portray body, a stomach ulcer, the culprits behind the eulogy for dads, awful pain I had been . experiencing after taking in solid or liquid food. At the hospital, my doctor shared his similar experience and recovery, which forced him out of how did artists body school for two years. My mother's expression confirmed her support for my recovery at home. Although I found the situation complex, I decided to stay home and not risk academic failure during my recovery. Looking at.

2006 albums , 2007 singles , As Time Goes By 1237 Words | 3 Pages. English COMP 100-97 10-23-2012 Compare and Contrast Essay Walter Winchell once said, A friend us one who walks in when the . Whitebox And Blackbox Testing? rest of the world walks out. In my life I have three different best friends , and renaissance portray, the three of them walk into my life whenever there needed when the about Eliot, world walks out. How Did Renaissance Artists Portray The Human? My three different friends help me achieve any goal I set my mind too, and I know I can always run to them for support. The first friend that I have is the friend that Ive known since I was in first grade. Her name. Music video 820 Words | 3 Pages. of Dong Khanh Highschool on their way back home.

That image has been the endless inspirations for writers and informative, poets since then. Young girlstudents may like . the the human, youngness and the modernity of the eulogy for dads, new fashionable uniforms, but the Ao Dai is always the best choice for the dress that represents the dynamic and modern aspects of how did renaissance artists portray the human body present-time girlstudents, but still keeps the non-mistakable of the Vietnamese women. 3. Eulogy For Dads? Finally, the renaissance artists portray, Ao Dai honors not only the eulogy for dads, external beauty but also the internal beauty. Vietnam , Vietnamese culture , Vietnamese people 1557 Words | 4 Pages. Best friend becomes enemy. It was first day of summer. School almost finished. It was sunny and how did artists portray, windy day. I was happy . that school almost finished. My friend and I were sitting at the park.

We were planning how to spend this long summer. Aspects Of Globalization Essay? George, my friend , gave me many plans for how did renaissance the human, this summer but I didnt agree with him. He was a lazy gay. His plan was: sleep till 11 a.m., and informative thesis, then play video games till 5 p.m. and how did portray the human body, then go to eulogy for dads sleep. He says that this must continue every day. Portray? . I Quit match , Father , Mother 1119 Words | 3 Pages. ? Friends Essay by Mitchell Scott Topic: What friendship means to me Friendship is mink anatomy a relationship that is needed in a society of . Renaissance Artists The Human? ours. With a demanding society where if you have no friends , it can be a tough time for you. Friendship is qualities much more than just hanging around with your mates; it allows living to be much more comfortable. Friendship is extremely underrated in a society of how did renaissance artists portray the human body ours; we rely on our friends to have good times. Sometimes you cant imagine life without those who care for you.

Comfort, Texas , Friendship , Interpersonal relationship 1072 Words | 3 Pages. ?Types of Positive Essay Essay And Examples Descriptive Essay : Someone Someone is a word you can use for anyone. Renaissance? Someone, Someone special, . someone you care, and Positive of Globalization Essay, someone you dont know. Someone, thats how I define him but not just that common someone, hes someone who I treasure the artists portray the human body, most. He is a guy who loves dancing.

I can conclude dancing complete his life. Eulogy For Dads? Hes taller and older than me. He is so beauty conscious, especially when it comes to his skins color and his precious face. The Human? He has a cute little. 2008 singles , Debut albums , Family 842 Words | 4 Pages. This entry is dedicated to my dad and he will never read it. Sad thing.* When I was 16 I had to mink anatomy write an essay in how did renaissance artists body school about . the person I admire the most. So I wrote about my dad. My dad is not famous, nor is nelson he rich or talented. He is not a scientist or a professor.

But he is the best man in my personal world even if he doesnt know. We never talk about how did artists portray emotional stuff, he never gives me good advice, actually we hardly talk. Positive Essay? When my dad was young he was a biker. Motorbikes were his lifestyle. 2006 singles , Mother 940 Words | 3 Pages. Essay #2 What makes your best friend your best friend ? Describe the . characteristics that make your friend such a good friend . What examples can you describe which prove these descriptions are true? Over the portray the human, years Ive had many good friends that I have become close to.

I care about Aspects of Globalization each of them and they care about renaissance body me. Between And Blackbox Testing? There is one friend in particular that I have become the renaissance the human body, closest to. Informative Thesis? Ive only known her for a couple of years, but she truly is a good friend . She has the. Friendship , Interpersonal relationship , Love 486 Words | 2 Pages. MY IDEAL FRIEND I was walking home from school. Renaissance Portray Body? I was carrying my books and between, tonnes of homework home. I walked . How Did Artists? with a heavy stride with my head hanging down, unaware of the chatter and socialising going on around me.

Spirits were low and nelson, I took my usual route home which usually takes me about 20 minutes. Renaissance Portray The Human Body? What next? I have no idea what to do, I told myself. Abruptly, I knocked into something and all my books and papers fell to Essay about by T.S. the sidewalk. I lost my footing and went down on my knees. 2005 albums , 2008 singles , Debut albums 988 Words | 3 Pages. MAN'S BEST FRIEND - DOGS Why are we say that a dog is a man's best friend ? Before talking about . How Did Artists Portray The Human Body? how important of dogs to our lives, we have to know where they come from. Dogs are domestic animals that humans first domesticated 15,000 years ago in the last Ice Age. The ancestors are the wolf dogs. Mink Anatomy? These animals are used to keep as a pet or for how did renaissance artists portray, entertaining reasons. Dog is a well-known animal.

It has four legs, and a sharp sense of hearing and smelling. A dog's brain is mandela very developing. Dogs can.

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University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC. Bachelor of Science in Essay Gerontion by T.S. Marketing, May 2005. 4 Steps to Writing the renaissance, Ultimate Server Resume. Food service encompasses many different roles within a restaurant, cafeteria, or other food service establishment, such as waiters and servers, line cooks, bartenders, hosts and Aspects Essay, hostesses, and busboys. A waiter takes orders from a happy couple. These roles fall into what are called the renaissance artists, front end (customer service) and the back end (food preparation) of the establishments. This resume is relevant to those of you with front end server experience.

We will teach you why this is an mandela qualities excellent resume, and how you can write your own in a similar fashion. As a professional food service worker, you may currently be writing your resume in order to: Find a new working environment Earn more money Attain a managerial role. Read this resume writing guide to renaissance artists the human body ensure you achieve your goals. By the way be sure to read our Resume Writing 10 Commandments to informative thesis understand the major rules that all resumes need to follow, including server resumes. Renaissance Artists? If this seems difficult, you can always create a food service resume in minutes with our widely praised resume maker. 1. Include These Key Server, Waitress, and Waiter Skills.

For some quick help, here are the key aspects you need to include on a server resume. Restaurant hiring managers will be looking for these specific traits to decide if youre a worthwhile candidate. Be sure to include these key server skills on between whitebox, your resume. Keep in how did artists portray mind that if you have any food service certifications, such as a Certification in about Gerontion by T.S. Food Handling and how did renaissance portray, Safety, you should place it at the top of your resume. If you dont have any, you can land more interviews and potentially increase your salary by earning one. The National Restaurant Association offers certifications here. 2. Mink Anatomy? Write a Convincing Career Objective. The first major section of renaissance portray body your resume is called the Career Objective.

This applicants Career Objective IMMEDIATELY puts her on the short list for an interview because she included relevant information throughout the mink anatomy, objective. There are four reasons this example has a strong Career Objective. Pay particular attention to the bolded parts: 1st: It immediately states years of experience: 7+ years of experience in food preparation and body, service 2nd: It indicates earned titles or certificates: Certificate in Food Handling and Safety.

3rd: It emphasizes deep knowledge of the business: Keen knowledge of wines, entrees , and the responsibilities of a successful restauranteur. 4th: It states the position she wants to informative thesis fill: Aiming toeffectively perform a management position at your restaurant. Renaissance? In the eyes of a hiring manager, this applicants Career Objective IMMEDIATELY puts her on the short list for an interview because she included great resume builders throughout the objective. Eulogy For Dads? It is also well written, and targeted at the managerial role she wants to fill. Good news! Food service manager roles are projected to increase by 11% through 2022. Its very important to remember that the how did renaissance artists portray, Career Objective does not relate to what YOU want from the job, but rather what you can do for the company . In this way, the applicant makes a convincing argument that shed be an asset to the company in a managerial role.

Our step by step Career Objective writing guide can give you concrete ideas about how to write your own. 3. Describe your Server Experience with Numbers. Adding numbers to eulogy for dads your job description bullet points will help the hiring manager grasp the size and scope of your responsibilities, and give them a clearer mental picture of how did renaissance artists portray the human body your experience. By quantifying your resume, it will immediately become better than the vast majority of your competition. The easiest way to eulogy for dads do this is to simply write how big your food establishment is, and how many seats it has. The applicant does this twice for the two establishments she worked in, as you can see from the how did renaissance portray body, bolded text below:

Write patrons food orders on slips, memorize orders, or enter orders into computers for transmittal to kitchen staff in a 150+ seat restaurant Present menus to patrons and answer questions about menu items, making recommendations upon eulogy for dads, request in renaissance portray the human a 70+ seat restaurant. Even by making this simple addition, your resume will immediately be better than the vast majority of your competition. If you really want to blow away the eulogy for dads, hiring manager, youll need to how did artists body do more complex research, like this example: Memorized restaurants wine stock and the meals they should accompany, leading to daily wine sales averaging $150, fully 20% higher than company average. Do you know how much you make in sales daily or monthly? You can expect to make an eulogy for dads average of $47,960 per years as a Food Service Manager. Most restaurants especially big chains will track their servers sales statistics for the purposes of budgeting (and, of course, to cajole low performers). Renaissance Artists Portray Body? You can ask your manager to see these statistics, and between and blackbox testing, include them on your resume. Even if you didnt perform spectacularly (like the how did renaissance artists, applicant), simply including this information in your resume will indicate to nelson mandela qualities the hiring manager that you are self-motivated and hard working. This is called writing an how did artists achievement oriented resume and these tend to land the Gerontion, most interviews.

Bonus: Action Verbs for Your Server Resume. 4. Renaissance Artists The Human? Include Relevant Additional Skills. Your Additional Skills section should not list your hobbies and mink anatomy, interests, unless they are relevant to the job. Being bilingual in how did portray Spanish and English is a valuable asset to have, especially for a managerial position. (For instance, a wine connoisseur would be a valuable asset to a restaurant that sells wine.) Since you are a professional food service worker, regardless if you are crafting a server resume or one seeking a more supervisory role, you should definitely include these bullet points in your Additional Skills section to build a stronger resume: Familiarity with Point of Sale terminals Problem solving and communication skills. If you also happen to be bilingual in Essay about Gerontion Eliot Spanish and English, that also tends to be a valuable asset to have in a US based restaurant especially for how did renaissance artists the human body a managerial position. Candidate emphasizes having a Certification in Food Handling and Safety Candidate places Education Section first due to having recent school experience Candidate mentions her high customer satisfaction rating.

Getting the Education Section Right. All entry-level candidate resume must begin with the of Globalization, education section. Although this candidate has had prior work experience, it was as a trainee, or as a part-time worker. How Did Renaissance Artists? The most important reason the applicant is considered entry-level is Aspects Essay because she just recently graduated from community college . This applicant has educational experience related to how did artists body food service (Certificate in Food Handling and nelson qualities, Safety, BA in renaissance artists Food Science). Understandably, you may not and thats fine.

If you have no experience whatsoever, youll need to write a very convincing cover letter that the employer should take a chance on you. The education section on an entry-level resume can be more detailed and whimsical than a professional resume , because its likely that you dont have prior work experience. The hiring manager will be interested to know if you are generally an active person or not. Therefore, you can include information about: Clubs youve joined Greek life you participate in Gerontion Eliot Relevant coursework GPA (if above 3.5/4.0) Other Good Food Service Industry Samples. Waiter Newjobs.com (Note: One of the few decent resume samples in portray body this industry on eulogy for dads, the net. The Professional Experience section introductory paragraphs are a bit overdone, and could instead use more bullet points. Otherwise, this is a great sample.) Waiter- career-development-help.com (Note: A simple, but effective resume. Has a well done Professional Profile.) Cook CC.edu (Note: Overall an excellent resume, although the Work Experience section is not formatted very well.)

Share Food Service (Waitress #038; Waiter) Resume Samples Our code geeks and HR experts are proud to introduce our new Free Resume Builder software to help you land more interviews in todays competitive job market. We provide HR-approved resume templates, built-in job description bullet point phrases to choose from, and easy export to MS Word and PDF. Get awesome job opportunities sent directly to your inbox. By clicking Send Me Job Alerts, I agree to artists the human the Resume Genius Terms of informative thesis Use and Privacy Policy. Play the how did renaissance artists the human body, One-Minute Game Thatll Show You How to Improve Your Resume. Think you can judge the quality of difference between whitebox and blackbox a resume within 6 seconds? The answer may surprise you. Put your skills to the test, and learn how to make your resume 6 second worthy! 3 Reasons Why I Wouldn't Hire Tom Brady. Tom Bradys resume is a couple yards short of a touchdown.

There are tons of errors throughout. See why. How to Modify and Maximize your Resume Template. Need a resume template? Feel free to download one, but be sure to how did renaissance portray make small modifications to nelson qualities unlock your. Would You Rather Work for a Man or a Woman? Do people still care whether they work for how did renaissance portray the human body a man or woman, or do most people simply look for a nice job. 5 Ridiculous Excuses To Calling Out Of Work That Were Surprisingly Successful. Every office is bound to have that one person that abuses the nelson mandela, call-out policy.

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1321 words short essay on the culture. Culture is one of the most important and basic concepts of sociology. In sociology culture has a specific meaning. The anthropologists believe that the behaviour which is meant is how did artists, called culture. In other words the behavior which is transmitted to us by some one is called culture.

The way of living, eating, wearing, singing, dancing and talking are all parts of a culture. In common parlance, the nelson qualities, word culture, is understood to mean beautiful, refined or interesting. In sociology we use the renaissance, word culture to denote acquired behavior which are shared by mandela, and transmitted among the members of the society. In other words, culture is a system of learned behaviour shared by and transmitted among the members of a group. Culture has been defined in various ways by sociologists and anthropologists. Following are the important definitions of culture. E.B. How Did Renaissance Artists The Human Body? Tylor defines Culture is that complex whole which includes knowledge, belief, art, morals, Jaw, customs and any other capabilities and habits acquired by man as a member of society. Edward Sapir says that Culture is any socially inherited element of the Positive Aspects Essay, life of man, material and spiritual. Malinowski defines Culture the handwork of man and conventional understanding manifest in artists portray body, art and artifact which persisting through which he achieves his ends. Redfield remarks that Culture is an organised body of difference whitebox and blackbox testing, conventional understanding manifest in art and artifact which persisting through, characterizes a human group.

Mac Iver is of the view that Culture is the expression of our nature in how did artists portray the human, our modes of living, and our thinking, intercourses in our literature, in eulogy for dads, religion, in recreation and enjoyment. According to E.S. Bogardus Culture is all the ways of doing and thinking of renaissance portray the human, a group. For a clear understanding of the testing, concept of culture it is necessary for how did renaissance portray us to know its main characteristics. Culture has several characteristics. Following are the main characteristics of mink anatomy, culture. How Did Renaissance Artists The Human? Culture is not inherited biologically, but learnt socially by man. It is not an inborn tendency. There is mandela, no culture instinct as such culture is often called learned ways of behaviour. Unlearned behaviour such as closing the eyes while sleeping, the eye blinking reflex and so on are purely physiological and culture sharing hands or saying namaskar or thanks and shaving and dressing on the other hand are culture.

Similarly wearing clothes, combing the hair, wearing ornaments, cooking the food, drinking from a glass, eating from a plate or leaf, reading a newspaper, driving a car, enacting a role in drama, singing, worship etc. are always of behaviour learnt by man culturally. Culture does not exist in isolation. Neither it is an individual phenomenon. It is a product of society. It originates and develops through social interaction.

It is shared by the members of how did body, society. No man can acquire culture without association with other human beings. Man becomes man only among men. It is the culture which helps man to by T.S. Eliot develop human qualities in a human environment. Deprivation is nothing but deprivation of human qualities.

Culture in the sociological sense, is something shared. It is not something that an individual alone can possess. For example customs, tradition, beliefs, ideas, values, morals, etc. are shared by people of a group or society. The invention of Arya Bhatta or Albert Einstein, Charaka or Charles Darwin, the literary, works of Kalidas or Keats, Dandi or Dante, the philosophical works of Confucius or Lao Tse, Shankaracharya or Swami Vivekananda, the artistic work of Kavi Verma or Raphael etc. are all shared by a large number of people. How Did Portray Body? Culture is something adopted, used, believed practised or possessed by more than one person.

It depends upon group life for its existence. (Robert Brerstedt) Culture is capable of being transmitted from one generation to the next. Parents pass on culture traits to their children and they in turn to their children and so on. Culture is transmitted not through genes but by means of language. Language is the eulogy for dads, main vehicle of culture. Language in its different forms like reading, writing and speaking makes it possible for the present generation to understand the achievements of earlier generations. But language itself is a part of culture. Once language is acquired it unfolds to the individual in renaissance portray body, wide field. Transmission of Essay about, culture may take place by intuition as well as by interaction. 5. Culture is continuous and renaissance artists the human body cumulative. Culture exists, as a continuous process.

In its historical growth it tends to become cumulative. Culture is growing whole which includes in eulogy for dads, itself, the achievements of the how did artists portray body, past and present and makes provision for the future achievements of mankind. Culture may thus be conceived of as a kind of stream flowing down through the centuries from one generation to another. Hence some sociologists like Lotion called culture the social heritage of man. By T.S. Eliot? As Robert Bierstadt writes culture or the money of human race. It becomes difficult for us to imagine what society would be like without this accumulation of how did artists the human, culture what lives would be without it.

6. Culture is consistent and mink anatomy interconnected. Culture, in how did renaissance artists portray body, its development has revealed tendency to be consistent. At the same time different parts of culture are interconnected. For example the value system of a society, a society is closely connected with its other aspects such as morality, religion, customs, traditions, beliefs and so on. 7. Culture is dynamic and adaptive. Though culture is Essay about Gerontion Eliot, relatively stable it is not altogether static. It is subject to slow but constant change. Change and growth are latent in culture. We find amazing growth in the present Indian culture when we compare it with the culture of the Vedic time.

Hence culture is dynamic. How Did Renaissance Portray The Human? Culture is responsive to the changing conditions of the physical world. It is Aspects of Globalization, adaptive. It also intervenes in the natural environment and helps man in his process of adjustment. Just as our house shelters us from the storm, so also does our culture help us from natural dangers and assist us to renaissance artists the human body survive. Few of us indeed could survive without culture. Culture provides proper opportunities and prescribes means for the satisfaction of our needs and desires. These needs may be biological or social in nature. Our need for food, shelter and clothing and our desire for status, name, fame and money etc. are all, for example, fulfilled according to the cultural ways. Culture determines and guides the Positive of Globalization, varied activities of man.

In fact culture is defined as the process through which human beings satisfy their wants. 9. Culture varies from society to society. Every society has a culture of its own. It differs from society to society. Culture of every society in unique to itself. Cultures are not uniform. How Did Artists Portray Body? Cultural elements such as customs, traditions, morals, ideals, values, ideologies, beliefs in practices, philosophies institutions, etc. are not uniform everywhere. Ways of eating, speaking, greeting, dressing, entertaining, living etc. of different sects differ significantly. Eulogy For Dads? Culture varies from time to time also. No culture ever remains constant or changeless.

If Manu were to come back to see the Indian society today he would be bewildered to witness the vast changes that have taken place in our culture. 10. How Did Renaissance Portray Body? Culture is super organic and nelson mandela ideational. Culture is sometimes called the super organic. By super organic Herbert Spencer meant that culture is neither organic nor inorganic in nature but above these two. The term implies the social meaning of physical objectives and physiological acts. The social meaning may be independent of physiological and physical, properties and characteristics. For example, the how did portray the human, social meaning of a national flag is not just a piece of coloured cloth. The flag represents a nation. Similarly, priests and prisoners, professors and eulogy for dads profanation, players, engineers and doctors, farmers and soldiers and others are not just biological beings. They are viewed in their society differently.Their social status and role can be understood only through culture.

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cognos cover letter Glossary of Book Publishing Terms. AP Advertising and promotion, part of the how did renaissance artists body work of the between and blackbox sales and marketing department. A3, A4, A5 etc Standard size cut paper sheets used throughout Europe and the Far East. ISO A0 paper is 1189 ? 841mm in portray size ( ie one square metre, with an aspect ratio of 1:v2), A1 is half that size, A2 is eulogy for dads, a quarter of A0, A3 an renaissance the human, eighth, so A4 is one sixteenth of a square metre, 297 ? 210mm. B-size sheets are used for posters etc, and C-sizes for envelopes. RA and SRA paper sizes are for untrimmed paper sheets, and are about 5% or 10% larger in area than the corresponding A size, so SRA4 is 320 ? 225mm (remember, A4 is whitebox and blackbox testing, 297 ? 210). These ISO 216 paper sizes are not used in North America, where Letter paper shorter and slightly wider than A4 is more common. A-format Standard book format (TPS = 178 ? 111mm), typically used for renaissance portray the human body most mass market paperbacks; (US: equivalent typical mass market size is informative thesis, called rack size). AAC Advanced Audio Compression.

Improved system for compressing audio files to renaissance artists portray the human, save storage or reduce download time. Used for files in Essay by T.S. Eliot the iTunes store. Sacrifices a little less quality than MP3 compression. AAs (Authors Alterations) Also known as ACs, Authors Corrections. Changes in copy or artwork after it has been typeset. Additional costs incurred for AAs are in general charged to the client, not the supplier, though most typesetting quotations have a certain level of allowable AAs built in. ABA American Booksellers Association; UK equivalent is the BA. Accessible editions General term for portray large print, Braille editions, e-books and mink anatomy, audiobooks that can be used by the blind and partially-sighted, by dyslexics or others who cannot use a conventional physical book. Acid-free paper Higher quality paper treated so it doesnt yellow as quickly as normal paper. Acquisition Beginning of the renaissance artists the human publishing process agreeing the contract and purchasing the rights to publish a work. Acrobat Computer application for viewing PDF files.

Some versions of Positive Aspects of Globalization Essay Acrobat allow (very) limited editing of how did artists portray the human PDFs. This can include the mink anatomy annotation of the PDF with virtual sticky notes, the combination of how did portray multiple PDFs into a single file (called 'consolidation') or deletion of Essay pages from the PDF. Most edits are at page level the content of individual pages can usually not be edited. Acrobat Distiller Computer application for distilling or translating Postscript files into how did renaissance portray the human, PDF files. The PDFs can then be viewed with Acrobat.

Addendum Extra agreements or clauses added to the end of an existing contract. Adobe RGB An improvement on eulogy for dads the sRGB colourspace. It allows for a wider gamut, and particularly extends the range of greens that can be described, but at how did renaissance the expense of Aspects a little precision. However, monitors that support the renaissance body full Adobe RGB gamut are rare and very expensive in about by T.S. Eliot comparison to renaissance the human body, normal (sRGB) monitors. Adshel Poster placed on bus shelter, often illuminated.

Advance Money paid to nelson qualities, an author once the authors book is how did renaissance, acquired but before it is published. The advance is normally paid in mink anatomy several instalments: on signing of the contract, on delivery of the final typescript, on renaissance artists portray the human body hardback publication and/or on paperback publication. Advances are paid against future earnings (royalties), which means the author doesnt receive further royalty payments until the Gerontion advance has been earned out. Advance copies (Advances) Early finished copies of a book, arriving before the main print run and often used for publicity purposes, reviews etc . AI The native file format of Adobe Illustrator. Preserves all features of Illustrator files, and usually saves faster and is smaller than an equivalent EPS file, but cannot be imported into Quark layouts. AIFF Common type of how did renaissance artists portray the human body audio file. Mandela Qualities! Uncompressed, so the files are large, but like WAV, they retain the how did renaissance full quality of the audio. Informative! cf mp3 and how did artists portray the human, AAC. AIR 1) See OPI; 2) Adobe Integrated Runtime a sort of super-Flash for building highly functional websites.

Airside An edition of eulogy for dads a book only for sale in bookshops in the duty-free area of an airport. This effectively counts as an open market territory. Occasionally. special editions (particularly TPBs) are produced specifically for airside retailers. AIS Advance Information Sheet. Gives outline information about future publication of a book, including details of the title, author, ISBN, pub date, format, price, a description of the contents and marketing information; (US: title sheet). ALA American Library Association. The largest library association in the United States; UK equivalent is CILIP.

ALCS Authors Licensing and Collecting Society. How Did Renaissance Portray The Human Body! The company that collects and eulogy for dads, distributes fees to authors whose works have been borrowed ( eg from libraries), copied, broadcast etc . APA American Publishers Association. US equivalent of the UKs PA. Application file Computer data stored in a format used only by a specific application rather than a standard, interchangeable format. Examples include Quark, Word, Excel files. Application files are often more editable and reusable, and store features that cannot be retained in more portable or generic formats for example a PDF file will not retain the flow of text as a Quark file will, and a TIFF image will not retain the layering stored in a native Photoshop PSD file.

Artwork Any illustration or typeset material suitable for how did renaissance the human body reproduction. Often abbreviated to a/w. Generally applies to physical material rather than computer files. Ascender Part of a lower case letter that goes up to the general height of upper case letters b, d, f, h, k etc have ascenders. cf descender. ASCII American Standard Code for Information Interchange.

Simple computer character set (alphabet) comprising 09, AZ and az, plus a few basic symbols and punctuation characters. An Ascii text file is one that contains plain English text only (words and spaces). Theres no fonts, no formatting, and no accented characters, specialised symbols or fancy punctuation Ascii does not even allow for proper quotation marks and . cf Latin-1, Unicode, RTF and eulogy for dads, other rich text. Assets 1) In finance, items the company owns. This can be stock (books in the warehouse are assets), or fixed assets ( eg computers, furniture). How Did Artists! Each asset has a value, recorded in the general ledger, and the value decreases as they get older (this reduction in value is depreciation); 2) See digital asset management. Asterisk The * character, occasionally also called star. About Gerontion By T.S.! Used to indicate a footnote, or (esp. in computing) mathematical multiplication. Asterism Character looking like three asterisks, often arranged in a triangle like this: ? (your browser may not show this character properly). How Did Portray! Usually used to indicate the presence of a text break.

More generally, may refer to any ornamental character used to Positive Essay, indicate a text break. Assignment (of copyright). Where a publisher buys out renaissance portray, all the mink anatomy authors rights in their copyright, so the publisher owns the how did renaissance the human work outright for the full term of the eulogy for dads copyright. This gives the publisher the freedom to use the material in how did renaissance artists portray body any way it chooses. Buy outs can be based on a one-off fee or a royalty contract. cf Licensing. At, Commercial At The @ symbol, most commonly used in e-mail addresses and occasionally used to Positive Aspects, indicate unit prices (4 bananas @ 41p = ?1.64). ATM Adobe Type Manager. Software installed on old OS 9 Macs (and more rarely on old Windows PCs) that allows them to use high-quality Postscript fonts on screen. There is no ATM for OS X on newer Macs, as compatibility with Postscript fonts is how did renaissance artists portray the human, built in to the system. Attachment File sent enclosed inside an e-mail.

Attachments are limited to only 1 or 2MB in size, so are quite poor as a method of file transfer. cf FTP. Audible Dominant online retailer of difference between whitebox and blackbox testing downloadable audiobooks, now owned by Amazon. Also refers to how did renaissance artists portray body, the proprietary DRM software used to control copying of these audiobooks. Audible has an arrangement with Apple to be the sole supplier of audiobook material through the iTunes store. Audiobook Spoken word on tape or CD, often abridged to difference whitebox, fit on a reasonable number of cassettes or discs. Some audiobooks are also available as downloadable e-audio files to play on an mp3 player or iPod. Author Person or corporate body responsible for the intellectual or artistic content of a book. Is often specific to the writer of the textual content a looser and more inclusive term is contributor.

Authors copies Free copies given to the human body, the author on difference whitebox publication. Normally, the contract specifies six free copies. Renaissance Portray The Human Body! Further copies can be purchased at a special authors discount. B-format Standard book format (TPS = 197 ? 130mm), slightly larger than A-format, typically used for mandela qualities more upmarket or literary paperbacks. BA The Booksellers Association. Renaissance Artists The Human Body! The Book Tokens company and Batch are subsidiaries of the BA; (US: equivalent is the ABA). Backad Promotional page added at the end of informative thesis a book (usually a mass market paperback), advertising books by the same author or other similar titles. Backads use up any spare pages left when the te ? t of the book doesnt exactly fill the extent (because the portray extent has to be a multiple of 16).

Backlist Books published in previous years that are still in print. Especially in childrens publishing, a book can remain on the publishers backlist for many years. Childrens backlist books often outsell new titles and for that reason, many bookshops carry more backlist than frontlist titles. Thorsons is Positive Aspects of Globalization, another good example of strong backlist performance. In HCs financial analysis, products become backlist titles 912 months after publication.

Backmatter Material printed after the main copy of the book notes, supplementary material, index etc , and backads. More usually termed endmatter. Barcode 1) A conventional Bookland barcode on a book has the ISBN printed above the stripes, with the how did portray the human body EAN at the bottom. Eulogy For Dads! The barcode stripes actually represent the EAN, not the ISBN, and how did artists, the barcode symbology is EAN-13. And Blackbox Testing! See also UPC barcode, a different symbology that sometimes appears on renaissance portray book products for the US market. About By T.S.! Why Bookland? EANs typically have short prefixes that indicate the renaissance artists portray the human body country of issue of the informative thesis EAN ( eg a 50 prefix indicates a British EAN though it doesnt mean the item was manufactured in how did renaissance the human the UK). All ISBNs are by nature international, so a 978 prefix is used in mink anatomy the EAN to indicate a fictitious country called Bookland; 2) Other types of barcode (different symbologies) can appear on cartons containing multiple products, and on pallets, shipping labels etc , for example ITF-14 and EAN-128 barcodes. Barcoder Intranet-based system to create Bookland barcodes (as EPS graphics files), for incorporation on cover layouts. Baseline Imaginary line along the bottom of how did artists body all characters in a line of typeset text. Eulogy For Dads! Characters with descenders g, j, p, q and so on extend below the baseline.

Batch Online service company that provides an aggregated invoice and payment system, with the how did renaissance portray the human aim of allowing small book retailers to deal with publishers more efficiently. Batch aggregates invoices and payments, allowing the bookshop to view a single invoice and whitebox testing, make a single payment: Batch then pays all the individual publishers. Renaissance Artists The Human Body! Batch is owned by the Booksellers Association. BDS Bibliographic Data Services, a company that provides bibliographic cataloguing data and services to the library community. Responsible for maintaining CIP data on behalf of the Positive Aspects of Globalization British Library. cf Nielsen BookData. BEA BookExpo America, Chicago-based book fair held in how did renaissance artists portray late spring by about Gerontion by T.S. the ABA. Best endeavours Legal term indicating a very thorough effort to accomplish something, irrespective of any commercial or logistical considerations. cf Reasonable endeavours, which allow for other considerations ( eg the overall cost or difficulty of the effort) to be taken into account.

Bibliographic data Information about our products including title, author, ISBN, pub date, price, which is used in renaissance portray body brochures, catalogues, stocklists and order forms, and is supplied to Bookdata and passed on to the rest of the trade. Without this metadata, no one would know what we have available to sell. BIC Book Industry Communication, an industry-wide standards setting body, funded jointly by the PA, BA, and CILIP (formerly the LA). BIC is best known for BIC Subject categories, the UKs standard system of book subject classification, but acts as an umbrella organisation setting and maintaining technical standards for Positive EDI, for how did renaissance portray the human bibliographic data including ONIX and for other e-commerce-related data exchanges within the UK book trade, and Positive Aspects Essay, acts as an evangelist and renaissance portray body, facilitator for other industry-wide initiatives; (US: equivalent is BISG, the Book Industry Study Group). BIC subject categories Hierarchy of classifications used to describle what a book is about. Aspects Of Globalization! In principle, similar to the the Dewey system used in many academic libaries. BIC subject categories are standard across the UK book trade, and portray the human, are used in Plan G, and in ONIX; (US: equivalent is the BISAC subject classification). BIDS Business Information Decision Support system. On-screen database providing sales information, stock holding and other product and customer-related data.

The original BIDS has now beensuperseded by BIDS II; (US: equivalent is ISIS). BIDS II Current Intranet-based replacement for the original BIDS, which was retired in early 2007. Binding 1) Action of folding a printed sheet (a signature), then sewing, stapling or gluing several folded signatures into a book block, trimming the mink anatomy pages and attaching the cover. 2) Material and method used to bind a book ( eg hardback or paperback). BISAC Book Industry Standards and Communications, the standards setting forum within BISG, best known for BISAC subject classification, equivalent of UK's BIC subject categories. Blackberry PDA-like handheld computer providing mobile e-mail and the human body, mobile phone functions. Blad A booklet produced by binding sample pages of a book in the intended cover, used for publicity and promotional purposes, most often for nelson illustrated books. Blanket Rubber-coated roller in a litho printing press, see offset litho. Bleed Off-page area printed to allow for minor inaccuracies in renaissance artists the human body trimming.

Generally anything intended to print right up to the edge of the page is extended, and bleeds about 3mm beyond the intended edge of the mink anatomy trimmed page area. Blurb A short quote or text used to how did artists portray, promote a book, often meaning the cover copy, or AIS text. Board Stiff cardboard rather than paper, generally more than 200gsm. Board book Short book where each page is stout cardboard rather than paper, for informative infants and toddlers. See also rag book. Body copy The main text portion of a page, excluding the running head or footer. BOGOF Buy One Get One Free. Renaissance Portray The Human Body! A common sales promotion.

Book block Semi-bound book without cover attached. Book packager Book packagers create new titles from concept to bound book for publishers, as opposed to publishers using in-house staff and existing authors to do the same. Packagers do not have their own manufacturing and distribution they rely on publishers for that part of the process. Book proof/Bound proof Page proofs bound together with a thick paper cover, usually for promotion/publicity purposes. Book proofs are generally uncorrected. If largely corrected, they are advance copies. BookData (Nielsen BookData) Bibliographic services company, now a part of Nielsen Entertainment, which is itself ultimately owned by Dutch media and market info company VNU.

Formed through the merger of the two major UK-based bibliographic companies (the formerly independent BookData company plus Whitaker) in 2003. Nielsen BookData takes bibliographic information from publishers and supplies it to the rest of the trade wholesalers, retailers etc . BookData is the primary data supplier to Amazon, Waterstones, Play and virtually all other book trade companies. Bookdatas database of mink anatomy bibliographic information for our titles and portray the human body, those of other publishers can be checked directly via its BookData-Online service. Nelson Mandela! The most direct US equivalent is Bowker, though US wholesalers Baker and Taylor and artists portray the human, Ingram also collect and disseminate bibliographic data. Nielsen Entertainment also includes Nielsen BookScan and Gerontion by T.S. Eliot, Neilsen BookNet (operator or TeleOrdering). BookScan (Nielsen BookScan) Service that monitors book sales at point of sale throughout the UK, providing valuable market information, including bestseller lists. Represents best estimate of sell-out (or sell-through) ( cf sell-in). Originally a part of Whitaker and previously called BookTrack, BookScan is now owned by Nielsen Entertainment. It relies on the BookData bibliographic database, and aggregates data collected from EPOS systems in a wide sample of artists the human retailers.

BOSS Computer-based warehouse management system, responsible for tracking physical stock in the warehouse. Bowker Leading US-based supplier of bibliographic services, roughly the eulogy for dads equivalent of Bookdata. Bowker also owns and operates Pubeasy. BPIF British Printing Industries Federation. Brackets Correct term for square brackets [ and ], esp. in renaissance portray the human US, though also loosely refers to round brackets ( and mink anatomy, ) in UK. Often used to surround a section of quoted text that is not in fact verbatim. cf braces and parentheses. Bradbury Phillips Rights and royalties management software, formerly used in how did renaissance artists portray body the UK for rights and nelson qualities, subrights sales, and still in use in how did renaissance artists HarperCollins US. British Library Main UK copyright library, in St.

Pancras, London. A copy of each book published must be lodged with the BL (legal deposit); US equivalent is the Library of Essay about Congress. Broadband Connection (usually from your home computer) to the internet. Much faster than a conventional dial-up modem, always on, and allows you to use the phone at the same time. Its usually connected up through an ADSL modem or ADSL router fitted between your PC or Mac and your old phone line, but sometimes available via a cable modem as an addition to your cable TV service. Brochure Monthly illustrated catalogue of future publications, produced around 5 months ahead of pub. Created by Home Sales dept, as part of subscription process and sell-in, but not that widely used these days. See also Sales CD. Browse Inside HarperCollins name for an internet application that allows you to see and read the pages of artists the human body a book online.

The first Browse Inside application was Flash-based, and launched in August 2006. Informative Thesis! As well as appearing on how did renaissance portray HarperCollins own website, Browse Inside application can be embedded in retailers websites and even on consumers blogs or MySpace pages. The current version is much improved, JavaScript-based, and offers full text search as well as page-by-page browsing. There is even a version of Browse Inside for the Apple iPhone. Essay About Gerontion! Browse Inside is the how did artists body major application based on HarperCollins digital repository at informative thesis NewsStand.

Other publishers have similar applications for example, Random House have InSight, and generically, they are often called book widgets. Bulk 1) The book bulk is the thickness of a book, excluding the binding. cf Spine width; 2) Bulk can also be used to describe the thickness of renaissance the human a single paper sheet, generally measured in nelson qualities microns ( 1 / 1000 ths of a millimetre); (US: caliper, measured in mils [ 1 / 1000 ths of an inch]). See also GSM. Bullet A large dot ( ) used for ornamentation, lists etc . A mid-dot is much smaller, like a full stop raised off the baseline. Business Objects Software tool to extract and analyse data and create structured data reports from the BIDS database and the data warehouse. Buy-in Where finished copies are imported ( eg from the US) for HC to sell/distribute in renaissance portray the UK. C-format Generally a large-format paperback, though theres no universal agreement on exact size (commonly its Royal-sized, though in Thorsons, it often means TPS = 216 ? 159mm).

Camera-ready copy (CRC) . Material text or illustrations ready to be photographed as part of the printing process. Nelson Mandela Qualities! With the increasing use of computer-to-plate setting (CTP), this is now not so commonly used. Cap height Height of the upper case letters in typeset text, most easily measured from the baseline to the top of the cap H. Caret In copy-editing, a mark-up symbol ? looking like a reversed Greek lamda or upside down y, indicating place to insert new text or correction. Cash flow The balance of actual cash received and paid out during a month or year. Cast-off An estimate of the number of lines of a column or printed pages that the text will occupy when set in how did renaissance artists portray the human a given typeface and thesis, measure. Catalogue Annual/six-monthly illustrated catalogue of future publications, produced 612 months ahead of pub. How Did Renaissance Artists Portray Body! Used primarily by Publicity and International Sales depts. CE 1) In fonts, indicative that the font contains characters and diacritics necessary for Central European languages; 2) The CE logo on a product is a declaration by the manufacturer that the product meets all the appropriate provisions of the mink anatomy relevant legislation implementing certain European Directives; 3) In dates, Common Era (secular equivalent of AD). Chapbook Also Chapter book.

Short booklet, often a childrens book. Originally a small book or pamphlet of popular, sensational, juvenile, moral or educational content sold by how did artists the human street merchants, known as chapmen. Check digit Final digit of an ISBN or EAN. Informative Thesis! The check digit is how did renaissance portray the human body, based mathematically on a combination of the other digits, so it can be used to verify the number if the check digit isnt what its supposed to be, you know theres an between and blackbox testing, error in the number somewhere. Childrens Book Marketing Code (CBMC) Five-character classification attached to children's titles, developed by how did artists the human BIC and the PA to enable industry-wide market analysis. The code includes elements that indicate the format of the book, the target age and subject matter, whether its illustrated, and whether it is character-led or tied to difference between and blackbox, TV or a film. Chromaticity Colour, without any relation to brightness. Slightly bizarrely, black and white have the same chromaticity, because they differ only in how did renaissance artists the human body that black has zero brightness.

CIE Commission Internationale de lEclairage. Essay About Gerontion Eliot! International organization founded in 1932 that developed a set of universal colour standards and how did, colourimetry techniques. Nelson Mandela! Best known for developing the how did renaissance the human standard CIE chromaticity diagram on which the gamuts of various colourspaces can be plotted. See also ICC. CIP3 In printing, specific instructions about how to Positive, print a job, embedded into the Postscript or PDF file, a type of artists portray electronic job ticket. It specifies the amount of ink needed on the press, for example, and the folding sequence needed to match the Positive Essay imposition, and in principle with the portray the human body most modern robotic presses allows the qualities automation of renaissance artists the human make ready and binding setup. Citrix Software used to provide thin client services to computers in the office and via Nfuse on the internet.

CJK Chinese, Japanese, Korean. Shorthand term for mink anatomy those languages and how did renaissance artists the human body, scripts, and loosely of other east Asian languages and scripts. CMYK Cyan, Magenta, Yellow and Black (or key, hence the K). Cyan is a turquoise blue, magenta a deep pink/fuchsia colour. By T.S. Eliot! The four process colours used in how did portray the human four-colour printing to thesis, simulate all other colours, by halftoning them together. In fact there are many colours that cannot be properly matched by combining CMYK, eg metallics and many strong oranges, greens and blues (the gamut of the CMYK colourspace is quite small) hence the how did portray need for special spot colour inks. Co-edition Usually a highly illustrated book, for which the production costs are shared with other publishers in different markets, most often with foreign language publishers. Co-op US: Co-operative advertising, when a bookseller and informative, a publisher share the cost of advertising and promotion.

The publisher usually pays the larger percentage. Coated paper Paper treated to improve its whiteness, opacity and/or smoothness. Codec Compressor/decompressor. Software for artists portray the human compressing or decompressing and Aspects of Globalization Essay, reproducing compressed files. JPEG for renaissance body images, mp3 and AAC for audio and H.264 (which is difference between whitebox testing, part of MPEG4) for portray video are all varieties of codec. Cognos Business intelligence software for analysis of qualities sales and how did portray, customer data held in the data warehouse. Cognos PowerPlay is the main analysis/reporting part of the Cognos suite. Collate 1) In editing, to transfer corrections from two or more sets of page proofs eg the proofreaders set and authors set on to one set; 2) In binding, arranging the mink anatomy printed signatures in order to make the book block. Colophon 1) Logo of publisher or imprint; 2) A statement, often on the copyright/imprint page or occasionally at the end of a book, giving information about the how did artists body publisher, printer, typography and design, and production materials and mink anatomy, methods used. Colour Management System Software which takes account of the colour profiles embedded in images and the colour profile of the display or printing device, modifying the colours in the image before display to compensate for the characteristics of the output device and ensure the renaissance the human body final displayed or printed image is as faithful as possible to the original.

Colour Profile ICC colour profiles attached to eulogy for dads, images in renaissance portray the human TIFF or EPS files define how the numerical data in the image file should be interpreted effectively, they define the colourspace for the image. Profiles attached to output devices indicate how that device will interpret data sent to it. See also colour management. Colourspace The scale on which colour data (such as that in eulogy for dads TIFF or EPS files) should be interpreted. The colourspace defines how red is red, how bright is white, what gamma to use and so on, and so defines the gamut of the colourspace and the precision with which colours within the gamut can be described. The colourspace a particular image is defined in how did renaissance artists the human can be described with an ICC colour profile.

The most commonly used standard colourspaces include sRGB, Adobe RGB, and Euroscale. Commissioned work Editors commission or acquire work from authors, often on the basis of an abstract or sample chapter. The author signs a contract and receives an advance, then writes and delivers the manuscript later. Difference Between Whitebox And Blackbox! cf slush pile. Commonwealth In territorial rights, the list of artists portray the human body countries included in the Commonwealth varies wildly check the mink anatomy contract! Typically covers Canada, Australia and New Zealand, India, South Africa and much of the Caribbean. But Canada is a frequent exclusion, Mozambique an unexpected inclusion. Composite 1) In Postscript or PDF files, where the C, M, Y and K data for a page (and possibly also data for how did renaissance portray body other plates on that page) is held together in a single page image. Nelson Mandela! cf preseparated; 2) In graphic design, overlaying two images so one can be seen through the other. The images are usually composited together in Photoshop. Compositing 1) Action of typesetting text; 2) In graphics, overlaying multiple images into a single design.

The use of how did portray body semi-transparent images or soft edges and transitions between images distinguish it from simple overlaid cutout images (which have hard edges). Computron In-house purchase ordering and financials system. Content management Software that allows you to manage the text and graphical content of websites in a highly structured way, usually witin a database. Contract The contract between author (and/or agent) and the publisher gives the publisher the rights to nelson qualities, publish a work, perhaps in a limited set of territories, and specifies the royalties due. Rights licensed or assigned to the publisher can be exclusive ( ie the author cannot license the same rights to how did renaissance artists portray body, anyone else), or non-exclusive. Contributor Person or corporate body responsible for nelson mandela qualities part of the intellectual or artistic content of a book. Renaissance Artists Portray Body! A looser and Positive of Globalization Essay, more inclusive term than author, contributors can include photographers or illustrators, compilers, translators, abridgers, indexers and writers of introductions or forewords. Copy-editing Checking a typescript for spelling, grammar and content errors, and how did renaissance portray the human body, marking up corrections to be made when typesetting.

Can be done on-screen or on mink anatomy paper. cf Proof-reading. Copyright The right to perform, reproduce, display, sell, transform into how did the human, anoter medium or otherwise use original work or other intellectual property that is expressed in text, images, sound a right enshrined in eulogy for dads the Universal Copyright Convention (the Berne Convention, originally agreed in 1886 and subsequently revised by the United Nations in Berlin in 1952 and in Paris in 1971). The copyright in a work is held by the author or creator, and can subsequently be passed on portray the human ( eg to the authors estate), or licensed or assigned to thesis, publishers (and others) in a contract. Unlike a patent or a trademark, copyright is automatic you dont need to register it to how did body, gain protection. Copyright in a work persists for up to eulogy for dads, 70 years after the death of the original creator, and prevents exploitation of the how did renaissance portray the human body work by those other than the copyright holder or a licensee. Certain groups, eg VIPs, hold a copyright exception and can make copies for their own use without obtaining permission. Copyright notice Every book should contain a copyright notice, usually on the title verso, consisting of the copyright symbol , the date of publication and the copyright owner.

However, as copyright is nelson, automatic, this isn't a necessity for how did portray body any legal reason its largely convention, and a courtesy to those seeking permissions. Copyright page Also called the imprint page, generally the title verso, often page 4. Core stock List of titles that a retailer tries to keep in stock at mink anatomy all times. Cover 1, 2, 3, 4 US: Cover 1 is the front cover, cover 4 the back cover. Covers 2 and 3 form the cover reverse (the IFC and IBC). Cover boards Cardboard forming the covers of a hardback book, usually hidden by renaissance artists portray covering them with Wibalin or decorative paper (and on the inside, with the endpapers). Cover copy The text that is to appear on difference between whitebox the cover of a book, usually written by renaissance artists portray the human the editor and/or marketing copywriter. Varieties include flap copy and jacket copy. Cover proof/jacket proof An early printing of the cover or jacket of a book, produced for sales and publicity purposes. Cover reverse The inside covers of a paperback book, esp. Eulogy For Dads! when illustrated in how did artists portray body some way, eg with author photo, backlist covers.

See also IFC/IBC; (US: covers 2 and 3). Coverage Total amount of mink anatomy ink on renaissance artists the human body the paper, generally as a total percentage of each of the coloured inks. Particularly dark coloured areas may have more than about 250% coverage, and make the paper dry too slowly, causing offset. CPM Cost per mille. Cost of advertising/promotion per 1000 viewers, copies, impressions, page views etc (depending on medium). Creep In binding, where the middle pages of a folded signature extend slightly beyond the outside pages. When trimmed, the text is too close to the foredge. The cure is eulogy for dads, shingling, where the inner pages in how did artists the human body the section are deliberately printed offset slightly toward the spine fold, so that as the signature is folded they will creep back to their correct position.

Critical path The series of nelson mandela qualities processes and how did renaissance artists the human body, tasks leading up to publication of a book, and the idealised timetable for completion of those tasks. Plan G and PM present this as a series of milestone events (ms received, ms to typesetter, page proofs to editor etc ), together with target and deadline dates for each milestone. Also called that titles schedule. Mink Anatomy! (Strictly, the critical path is the series of how did renaissance portray body latest possible milestone dates that can lead to on-time publication, but schedules are constructed to ensure each stage is completed in good time, with some allowance for eulogy for dads contingencies.) CRM Customer Relationship Management, software that provides Customer Services staff with an integrated view of customer information, order, dispatch, delivery and renaissance portray body, payment history, contact history and mink anatomy, other details allowing enquiries and orders can be dealt with effectively, and enabling proactive one-to-one marketing. Cromalin A brand name for a system producing a one-off colour proof of a jacket or illustration from artists body separated film using coloured powders, as opposed to a full litho print run of cover proofs. Used to check colour only, not content. Because it is made from separated film, a Cromalin proof duplicates the halftone dot structure that will in the final job, so it can be used to test for moire. Thesis! Though it shares a brand name, Digital Cromalin is renaissance artists portray, quite different a digital ink-jet proof that does not require film or powders, similar to an Iris proof.

See also CTP. cf Wet proof. Crop Select part of an Essay by T.S., image for reproduction, rather than the whole of the original. CRR Contracts, Rights and Royalties. HarperCollins is currently implementing a comprehensive new CRR database system built around an application called PPM from German software company Klopotek. It handles all aspects of contract creation, royalty payments, ISBN issuing and subrights sales. Cryptography Branch of mathematical relating to codes and codebreaking. Cryptographic codes lie behind the security of artists portray the human body computer systems like VPN and DRM. CTP Computer-to-plate, ie platemaking without film, using a laser to draw directly onto the metal printing plate. Requires publisher or repro house to supply material to the printer as Postscript or PDF instead of film. No cromalin or ozalid proofing stage, because there is no film, but digital colour proofs of cromalin-equivalent quality are available ( eg Iris).

Custos rotulorum In latin, keeper of the scrolls archiving working application files and eulogy for dads, finished PDFs is an important job. Cutout An image isolated from its background. The line cut around the image is called a clipping path. Dagger The symbol sometimes used to indicate footnotes in text. Also comes in (double dagger) flavour. DAM Digital Asset Management. A networked database system for storing, managing, retrieving and distributing digital content files individual digital components or assets like scans, logos, text files, through to complete layouts, documents and finished, ready-to-print PDFs. Most DAM systems integrate to some extent with content creation applications like Quark, Illustrator, Photoshop and simplify workflow while the work is in progress, as well as managing storage and easing the location and reuse of assets after they are finalised and archived. HarperCollins DAM system is called Telescope. See also DDR, which is closely linked to DAM.

Note that DAM is how did renaissance artists the human, a purely internal system, whereas DDR is a purely external system. DAM contains final files for about Gerontion by T.S. Eliot all types of product plus the how did artists the human components that were used to create them, whereas DDR contains only final PDFs. Data warehouse Database that consolidates business information from several sources including Vista, Plan G, and enables analysis with tools such as Business Objects, BIDS II and by T.S., Cognos. Day and date Film industry term for simultaneous release of a media property in different forms, as when releasing a film to DVD at the same time as the how did renaissance artists portray body theatrical release (in a normal tiered release the DVD would be released several months later). In books, it suggests a film tie-in book should be carefully timed to publish on thesis the same day as the film opens in cinemas (and possibly be embargoed to prevent early sales from bookshops).

DCS Desktop Colour Separations. A version of the standard EPS format, developed by Quark, used for preseparated colour images, particularly those including spot colours. DDR Digital Distribution Repository. Developing system to build a global database of HarperCollins products, so that you could search for renaissance the human body and view the actual pages of HarperCollins books via the internet. Intended to be a promotional tool, accessible via Amazon, Google etc , though with access restrictions to prevent searchers seeing so much that purchasing the book becomes unnecessary.

HarperCollins has teamed with NewsStand, a Texas-based company to develop the repository. See also DAM, which is eulogy for dads, closely linked to how did renaissance artists portray body, DDR. Deckle edge Foredge of a book block left rough and untrimmed, or more likely, carefully trimmed to make it look rough and untrimmed. Defamation Any statement, written or spoken, which tends to lower a persons reputation or expose them to dislike or ridicule. If untrue and intentional, defamation can be either libelous or slanderous. Demy (occasionally Demi) A standard book format (TPS = 216 ? 135mm), usually hardback, often used for library edition hardbacks and more literary hardback fiction ( cf trade paperback). Slightly smaller than the more common Royal format. Pronounced as in eulogy for dads deny. Die Metal stamp with a raised pattern, used to emboss eg a cover, apply metallic foil, or to how did artists, cut out an irregular shape in paper or board.

Dingbat A non-alphabetic character such as a bullet, star, tick, arrow or flower, usually relatively simple rather than highly stylised or ornamented. Difference Between Whitebox Testing! Dingbats is the name of a particular pi font consisting entirely of useful dingbat characters. cf ornament. Discount (retailer discount) Books generally do not have a wholesale price, but are sold to how did renaissance artists the human, retailers based on a discount from the final recommended retail price. Positive Aspects Of Globalization Essay! The discount varies from retailer to retailer (bigger retailers get more discount) and from list to how did renaissance artists body, list (theres a bigger discount on Gerontion mass market fiction than on high-value non-fiction). Renaissance Portray The Human! See also PPG. Discretionary hyphen (soft hyphen) Hyphen inserted into mink anatomy, a word to improve the word spacing on a fully justified line of text.

Distributor Company that holds the primary stock of books, to which the how did renaissance printer delivers manufactured books, and from which wholesalers and Essay, retailers are supplied. Some publishers (including HCP) act as distributors too. Artists The Human! Generally, distributors are exclusive distributors, at least within one territory, whereas wholesalers are not exclusive. DocBook An XML DTD used for structuring book texts. The text of the book contains XML markup that divides it up into parts, chapters, paragraphs, tables, lists, footnotes and so on. The markup is structural and semantic, rather than having anything to do with how the text content should be presented, and difference whitebox, the docbook can be processed automatically to create e-books, large print, conventional print, synthetic audio versions of the book. Similar to artists portray the human, OEB format.

DOI Digital Object Identifier. About Gerontion! System of alphanumeric identifers for intellectual property, combining identification (like an ISBN) and renaissance, resolution (like a URL). Unlike ISBNs, they can be applied at any scale whole works, chapters, paragraphs, illustrations, photos and provide an electronic way of searching for about Gerontion by T.S. Eliot that asset. Dot gain Printing defect, where the dots in a halftone print larger than they should because the ink spreads a little on the paper, creating darker greys or colours than intended. How Did Renaissance Artists The Human Body! Printers compensate for dot gain in platemaking: if you want a 50% tint of between black, they make a plate with eg 45%, and the dot gain on the press brings it back up to 50% ink coverage. DPI Dots per Inch. The resolution the renaissance the human body amount of detail in a TIFF or JPEG file. Measured in dots (or pixels) per inch. Note that the eulogy for dads dpi of a scan should be at least twice the halftone screen, so 300 dpi for reproduction as a 150 LPI halftone. DPS Double-page spread.

A layout or proof showing a pair of facing pages. DRM Digital Rights Management, software which uses some form of portray body encryption to protect intellectual property from copyright infringement, and seeks to prevent material being exchanged freely over the internet (as music or film files are with LimeWire or BitTorrent, and Aspects Essay, once were with Napster). The basic idea is that important files are encrypted so that only one computer can decrypt the file, and it can never be saved in its unencrypted form so you can freely copy the how did renaissance portray encrypted data around, but it will only difference whitebox testing be of any use to the one original purchaser. Drop cap (capital) Large decorative capital letter at the beginning of an opening paragraph. Drop ship Dispatching a book direct from the printer (or perhaps from the distributor) direct to the consumer, without physically passing through the retailer. DTD A Document Type Definition specifies the range of mark-up tags allowed in an XML document.

Dues 1. Renaissance Portray Body! Unfulfilled orders books ordered by wholesaler or retailer but not yet supplied by difference between whitebox and blackbox testing publisher. Most often this arises before publication, where subscription orders are held as dues and are also known as forward orders but it also happens when a title is how did renaissance artists body, out of stock and awaiting reprint (RUC); 2. Can also refer to stocks of mink anatomy books in the warehouse that are set aside to supply these unfulfilled orders. Dummy Handmade mock-up of a book, usually folded together or bound from how did portray body unprinted pages. Dumpbin Temporary, free-standing decorative box, usually cardboard, produced by the publisher to display face-out copies of books in eulogy for dads a retail environment. See POS.

Duotone A two-colour halftone reproduction from a black-and-white photograph. Generally used to improve contrast or bring out detail in portray the human the shadows and highlights. Tritones also exist, but are rare. E-audio Downloadable version of an audiobook. Eulogy For Dads! Generally an mp3 file (or similar) with the same audio content as the physical CD or tape audiobook. The file is encrypted with DRM software to prevent casual copying of the file. The dominant retailer is Audible. E-book A book that is available in electronic format for renaissance artists distribution over the internet and for between whitebox and blackbox reading on screen (of a laptop, desktop computer, PDA, or a dedicated e-book reading device). These books are usually available as data files in Adobe Acrobat, Palm format or Microsoft Reader format, but there are many other formats.

All include DRM encryption to stop them from being copied and pirated. E-book reader Handheld electronic device suitable for or solely dedicated to renaissance portray, viewing e-books. Aspects! Examples of dedicated devices include the unsuccessful 2001-vintage Rocketbook and the slightly more successful 2006 Sony Librie e-book reader. Most PDAs, PCs and Macs can also be used as e-book readers, with appropriate software. For example Microsoft Reader software runs on Windows Mobile PocketPC PDAs and some Windows Mobile phones. Epub One particular standard format of e-book file. Has no wide support as yet (2007) but is how did renaissance artists the human, likely to become the single standard format, superseding more proprietary formats such as Palm reader or Microsoft Reader format. The standard was developed by the IDPF (replacing its original Open E-book [OEB] format), and Aspects of Globalization Essay, Epub files can be read by Adobe Digital Editions software. ERRP Recommended retail price for a downloadable electronic product such as an e-book or e-audio. Portray The Human! Generally set at around 70% of the price of an equivalent traditional or physical product on paper, tape or CD.

EAN European Article Number. Now officially called the EAN.UCC. The 13-digit number at the bottom of the barcode, which is mink anatomy, related to the ISBN. All EANs linked to ISBNs (ISBN-10s) start 978 the 978 prefix identifies a so-called Bookland EAN. Why? Because many other EAN prefixes identify countries. Renaissance Artists The Human Body! ISMNs and future ISBN-13s start with 979, and ISSNs link to 977 prefixed EANs. Earn out A book earns out when enough copies have been sold for about Gerontion Eliot the royalties to cover the advance.

No actual per-sale royalties are paid until a book earns out (or rather, they have already been paid in advance). EDI Electronic Data Interchange. Method for exchanging business-to-business messages such as orders, invoices, dispatch notes, receipt notes through a computer network. Also used for updating BookData, wholesalers and major retailer customers with the latest PA (price and how did body, availability) information on our products. EDItEUR International umbrella group coordinating development of technical standards for electronic commerce in the book and serials industries. BIC and BISG are affiliates of EDItEUR. Edition A group of books printed without changes to testing, the content (originally from a single set of printing plates). A second edition would incorporate significant revisions (and so would need new plates) and should get a new ISBN. Originally one edition meant a single print run, but these days an edition may consist of several separate printings, or impressions. EEA European Economic Area, a free-trade area made up of the 25 EU countries plus a few extra (specifically, three of the four EFTA countries, Norway, Iceland and how did the human, Lichtenstein). Essay About Gerontion Eliot! The EEA agreement provides a uniform internal market across these 28 countries the internal market provides for freedom of movement of people, goods, services, capital, and great uniformity in regulations relating to trade, including social policy, consumer protection, the environment and company law).

In territorial rights, the EEA is often whats meant by Europe at other times Europe implies the continent, which would additionally include Switzerland, the Balkans, EU candidate countries like Romania and Turkey, plus Russia, Ukraine, Belarus and renaissance artists portray, (possibly) the trans-Caucasus (Georgia etc ). EFTA European Free Trade Association Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway and eulogy for dads, Switzerland (though several other countries were previously members and are now members of the European Union). Renaissance Artists The Human Body! EFTA countries are not EU members, but all except Switzerland have signed the EEA agreement. ELC Electronic Learning Credit. Earmarked money given to between whitebox testing, schools specifically to fund purchases of educational software. How Did Artists Portray Body! To be eligible for purchase with ELCs, products must be registered on the Curriculum On-Line (COL) website. Nelson Mandela! The ELC scheme ends in mid-2008. Ellipsis Three dots ( ) used to indicate an omission or elision. Em 1) Traditional measurement equivalent to 12 points ( ie approximately one sixth of an inch, or a bit more than 4mm). Properly called a pica em, and occasionally termed a mutt; 2) Less often, a distance equal to the point size of the type an em space in 9pt type is 9 points of space. Of course, these two meanings are the same, because 12-point type used to be called pica type.

Em-dash/Em-rule Long dash character ( ) about renaissance body, 1 em long, mainly used in the UK for eulogy for dads interrupted sentences (a construction called an anacoluthon). Where was thatAha, here it is! See also en-dash. Embargo Instruction to retailers indicating a book must not be sold before the nominal publication date. Usually an embargo aims to protect the value of a serialization deal. See also Release date, Publication date. En Half an how did renaissance artists, em, traditionally 6 points, or these days, half the point size. Occasionally called a nut. En-dash/En-rule Dash character ( ) mainly used for mink anatomy a punctuation dash like this normally with a space either side. Usually indicates a parenthetical phrase within a sentence. Also used without spaces, to indicate ranges of numbers, eg 7785.

En-dashes are longer than normal hyphens, but shorter than em-dashes (see -, and ); (US: parenthetical phrases are usually typeset using an em-dash without spaces, where UK typographical usage would be an en-dash with spaces). Endmatter Printed material found in the back of portray body a book after the main text, eg notes, appendix, bibliography, index; (US: backmatter). Endnotes Notes that come after the main text of the mink anatomy book or at the end of each chapter. cf footnotes. Endpapers In a hardback book, a folded sheet, one half of which is pasted to renaissance body, the front or back of the cover boards. The other half, the flyleaf, is pasted along the folded edge to the first or last page of the Positive of Globalization book block. How Did Portray Body! Endpapers can be plain, coloured or illustrated.

Epigraph A quotation in the prelim pages or at Positive of Globalization Essay the beginning of a part or chapter. EPOS Electronic Point Of Sale. How Did Portray The Human! Point-of-sale computer systems used in bookshops essentially cash tills linked to a computer. Testing! Can also cover retail systems that keep track of how did renaissance the human body whats in stock in the shop and what has to be ordered/reordered from the mandela distributor or wholesaler. EPS Encapsulated Postscript file. Renaissance! Computer image data consisting of a set of lines, shapes and text described in eulogy for dads Postscript. EPS files come in several different flavours, depending on the version of Postscript, whether or not they also contain a preview for on-screen viewing and so on.

EPS files are often used when saving data from Illustrator as they can be imported directly into Quark layouts, in contrast to AI files. Epson 1) Brand of ink-jet printer, generally quite cheap and cheerful; 2) See ink-jet proof. ERP Enterprise Resource Planning. Computer system covering all commercial applications financials, stock control, sales order processing, warehouse management etc . During 200709, HarperCollins will be installing J D Edwards ERP software to replace its various Vista sales order processing applications in Canada, USA, UK and Australia. Errata A loose sheet in how did artists which the errors found in a printed book are listed. EU The 27 countries of the European Union: UK, Ireland, Belgium, Netherlands, Luxembourg, France, Germany, Denmark, Sweden, Finland, Latvia, Lithuania, Estonia, Poland, Czech Republic, Slovakia, Slovenia, Austria, Hungary, Italy, Greece, Spain, Portugal, Malta, Cyprus plus from whitebox and blackbox 2007, new members Romania and Bulgaria. Croatia and Turkey are candidates for accession in the future. Euro The symbol represents the currency used across many of the countries of the renaissance portray body EU. Eulogy For Dads! Unfortunately, not every typeface contains a proper symbol, so it doesnt always print properly (you may not even be able to see it on screen).

Euroscale 1) Set of portray body industry-standard specifications for inks, separations, proofing, and process colour printing in about Gerontion general use in Europe. How Did Artists Portray Body! Derived from standards set by FOGRA (the Graphic Technology Research Associations of Germany). cf SWOP; 2) A CMYK Colour profile that describes the colour gamut and characteristics of a press conforming to Euroscale standards. Excel Microsoft Excel is the de facto standard application for creating spreadsheets. There are versions for both Mac and between, Windows PCs. Exchange The e-mail/diary/contacts system HarperCollins uses. How Did Renaissance Artists Body! You read your e-mails, calendar etc with Outlook, but the central server is difference and blackbox testing, Microsoft Exchange. Expert set Supplemental font software containing extra, more rarely used characters ( eg lining figures or small caps), variations of shape for normal characters ( eg swashed capitals) and extra ligatures. Extent The length of a book in terms of number of pages.

Usually a multiple of 16, because the book block is made up of several 16-, 32- or 48-page sections or signatures bound together. Extranet Range of HarperCollins computer services provided to external customers or suppliers via the artists portray body internet. Examples include Plan G and Pubeasy. cf Intranet. Fair use Limited exception to mink anatomy, copyright, allowing others to use short excerpts or quotations from a copyrighted work without formal permission or payment. FIBF Frankfurt International Book Fair, held in the autumn. How Did The Human! cf LIBF. Filemaker Software application to manage simple databases. Generally used to access Plan G. Film Stage in qualities making a plate where individual pages of a/w are photographed (or these days, more likely to be drawn by laser in an imagesetter) onto how did renaissance portray the human transparent film. Can be single pages or imposed signatures. Film is used to make a cromalin or ozalid proof, and/or a printing plate. Firewall Barrier protecting the connection between the companys internal computer network and the global internet.

The firewall controls messages crossing the border, preventing unwanted outsiders getting into the system. A home broadband connection should also be protected with a firewall, with either a hardware firewall built into the ADSL modem/router or firewall software running on your PC or Mac (or both). Flash Graphic file format developed by Macromedia for the web. Macromedia is mandela, now owned by how did portray Adobe. Uses vector graphics, and is capable of simple animation and (generally low quality) video too. cf SVG. Flattening The process of reducing a layered, composited document or image (typically a PSD) down to a single layer (which could be a TIFF, for example). This gets rid of any transparency in the image. About Eliot! Flattening should be left as late as possible in any workflow.

Flyleaf The half of the endpaper not glued to the cover board. The flyleaf forms the first (but generally unnumbered) leaf of the book. Foil Coloured and/or metallic foil used (esp. to highlight lettering) on covers and jackets. Foil blocking Process for stamping a design on a book cover or jacket, or simple lettering on a hardback spine, using coloured foil with pressure from a heated metal block known as a blocking die. Folio 1) the printed page number on portray body a books page; 2) a sheet of typescript. Font 1) See typeface; 2) Computer file(s) which must be licensed and installed on your system to use a particular typeface on screen or in printouts. Macs and Windows PCs can use both Truetype and Postscript fonts, though most Windows PCs stick to difference and blackbox, just Truetype as they dont have the necessary ATM software to use Postscript fonts. How Did Renaissance Artists Portray Body! Postscript printers despite the Essay name always support both flavours of font software. OpenType is a new font file format that is not as yet widely used. The range of characters or glyphs available in how did renaissance a font may be limited to just plain Ascii characters, or even just upper case letters, but more usually it will cover the whole Latin-1 character set or more.

A related Expert set (which is a separate font, but not a separate typeface) may extend this range. The most modern fonts especially OpenType fonts may use Unicode and contain a wide range of expert and multi-language glyphs in Essay about Gerontion Eliot a single font file. Font library The complete set of fonts available or licensed for use on a Mac or PC. HarperCollins licenses the Linotype font library, and supplements this with fonts licensed from other suppliers. Font Reserve Font management application for how did Mac OS, allows individual fonts to be activated or de-activated at will, so that HarperCollins full library of several thousand fonts does not need to be active at the same time.

Home Macs may use the Suitcase application, which is eulogy for dads, similar. Footer (Running footer) . Text running across the bottom of every page. Renaissance The Human Body! Usually just a folio number. Footnotes Notes that appear at the foot of a page, as opposed to Endnotes. Force Majeure Legal term, French for greater force, used in nelson mandela qualities contracts to define a circumstance when something is portray the human, out of the control of either party to Essay by T.S. Eliot, the contract and how did the human, may prevent them from delivering some part of their contractual obligations things like flood, fire, war etc . In general, force majeure relieves the party (at least temporarily) of the duty to carry out that obligation. Foredge The outer vertical edge of the Essay by T.S. page or book, away from the spine. Format 1) Loosely, the portray the human body trimmed page size of a book, but can sometimes instead mean the physical form hardback, paperback etc . See A-format, B-format; 2) Used to indicate the readability of computer discs or data PC-format discs, Mac-format discs, that file is in Word format, Epub e-book format. Four-colour Almost the full range of colours can be simulated by mixing the four CMYK process colours using halftoning.

Some Pantone colours cannot be adequately matched using four-colour process. FPO For Position Only. A low-quality placeholder image, often used in a Quark layout where using the full quality, high-resolution image potentially a very large file would slow your computer down too much. See also OPI. Free software Computer software that can be used by anyone, modified and redistributed to others (generally without restriction, or with certain well-defined restrictions that must pass down to derivative software). Free as in freedom, not necessarily as in free of charge. Also called open source software as the programming code is available to anyone, or GPL software after the General Public Licence that is used to place some restrictions on derivative works.

Free stock Stocks of books held in eulogy for dads the warehouse that is available to supply customer orders. Portray! cf reserved stock and frozen stock. Frontispiece An illustration facing the title page, or more generally anywhere before the first page of the main text. Frontlist Books published or due to whitebox testing, be published in the current year. cf Backlist. Frozen stock Stocks of books in the warehouse that are not to be dispatched or used at all. Generally, they are being reserved for a particular customer or deal in negotiation. FSC Forest Stewardship Council, international organization promoting responsible management of the worlds forests. It provides accreditation and how did artists portray the human, certification standards for informative thesis forest management and forest products such as pulp and paper. FTP File transfer protocol, a good method for transferring large computer files across the internet, without the size limitations of how did renaissance body e-mail attachments. See Porter. Full-colour Colour throughout a book, not just in a small section. G3, G4, G5 Types of Apple Mac produced from 19992006, G5 being the nelson mandela most recent and fastest, though now eclipsed by the latest Intel-based Mac Pros.

Galleys/Galley proofs Typeset text proofs that have not yet been divided into how did portray the human, pages; (US: galleys is often used for what we would call page proofs which are divided into pages). Gamma Loosely, how bright is a 50% grey? Adjusting the informative gamma of a display or printer brightens or darkens the midtones of the image without affecting the shadows and highlights. See also colour profile. Gamut The whole range of renaissance artists portray the human colours that can be produced by a device or a process.

RGB monitors can only difference whitebox and blackbox testing produce a part of the gamut that can be perceived by artists body the human eye, and mink anatomy, CMYK printing can reproduce an renaissance, even smaller gamut. Positive Aspects Of Globalization Essay! Gamuts are described using the portray the human body CIE chromaticity diagram. Gem Collins range of small reference books. Also used to mean the size of Gems (not all that useful, since this has varied over the years). General ledger Combines the purchase ledger (money the company owes to suppliers), the sales ledger (money the thesis company is owed by customers), plus a record of the company assets (stuff we have bought and paid for, or made, and still own, plus cash or bank deposits) and liabilities ( eg loans, or other future commitments we have already been paid for). Taking the purchase ledger and liabilities as negative numbers, and the sales ledger and artists portray, assets as positive, the total of the four amounts is the nelson qualities net book value of the company. GIF Graphic Image File. Pronounced as in gift. Low-quality raster image file, suitable only for use on the web. See TIFF and JPEG for higher quality image file formats.

Glyph Loosely, a letter or other character in renaissance portray a particular font. Technically, a single glyph may represent more than one letter: a ligature is one glyph but two or more characters. GRN Goods Received Note. Essay Gerontion By T.S. Eliot! Process within Computron purchasing system that authorises payment for goods ordered and received. GSM Grams per how did artists body square metre, a measure of the weight of qualities paper or cardboard; (US: paper weight is how did portray body, measured differently, in informative thesis pounds per ream but the size (basic size or basis size) of the sheets in how did the human the ream varies according to mandela qualities, the type of paper.

60gsm paper for the text pages of a book is approx 40lbs per ream, and 230gsm cover board is approx 85lbs). See also bulk. How Did! Nothing to informative thesis, do with GSM mobile phones Gutter Blank space between two columns of type or, more often, the blank margins in how did the human body the fold between left and right pages. HJ Hyphenation and difference testing, Justification. Renaissance Portray The Human! HJ rules control how text is typeset into lines of Positive type, how words are broken at line ends and whether the column edges are ragged or straight (justified). Half-title Normally in a hardback book, the first printed page, containing only the title of the book.

Can also be used for a similar page appearing later in renaissance portray the prelims. Can also mean a page separating major parts of a book (generally each part would comprise several chapters). Half-title verso The page following the difference whitebox testing half-title. It often contains a list of other books by the same author. Halftone 1) An illustration in which the originals continuous variations of renaissance the human body tones are reproduced by patterns of varying sizes of dots. Eulogy For Dads! Black ink can be used to simulate a range of grey shades, or CMYK to simulate almost the full range of colours.

The (usually photographic) original is termed a contone. Renaissance Artists! A halftoned illustration is also called a screened illustration. The dots are generally around 1 / 150 th inch apart (150 lpi or 150 screen) though this depends on the quality of the paper, and informative thesis, they vary in size. Big dots give dark grey, small dots give pale grey. cf Line drawing; 2) The pattern of dots can also be used to print a pale colour with a dark ink ( eg a grey area printed with black ink). Hard copy Material that is on paper rather than on disk. Hard return A permanent return that is artists portray body, typed at the end of a line of text and marks the end of a paragraph ( cf soft return, which starts a new line but not a new paragraph). The method of Gerontion by T.S. typing a soft return varies. Hash The # character, occasionally called gate, often an abbreviation for number; (US: # is often called the how did the human body pound sign. Thats pound avoirdupois , not ? Sterling it really doesnt help that # and ? often share a key on the keyboard). Head/tail band A narrow decorative strip of plain or striped material stuck to whitebox and blackbox, the top and/or bottom of the spine of a hardback book block. Header (Running header) The heading set at the top of each page of some books, often the title of the book or chapter, and the authors name. How Did Renaissance Artists The Human Body! cf footer.

Hi-fi colour A printing process using more than the four basic CMYK process colours. Aspects Of Globalization Essay! For example Hexachrome, which uses two additional process inks, a bright orange and how did portray, a bright green, to create a wider and richer range (or gamut) of printed colour. Hi-fi colour systems require FM screening, because using conventional AM screening with more than four colours would produce unacceptable moire patterns. Hi-fi colour is used mostly in fine-art printing its expensive and rare in book work. Hi-res (High resolution) Full-quality scanned image, usually a TIFF, required for any image manipulation ( eg retouching, compositing, colour correction). Nelson! If no image manipulation is required, a lo-res FPO can be used in place of the hi-res, relying on OPI to put the hi-res in place later. Holding fee Fee paid (usually to a picture library) for keeping loaned material beyond the agreed date. Holographic laminate Thin transparent matt or gloss film incorporating a hologram pattern, to give a sparkly 3D or metallic effect to a cover or jacket.

Home market Home market rights generally comprise the United Kingdom (England, Northern Ireland, Scotland, Wales) plus the how did renaissance artists portray the human Republic of Ireland. House style 1) A guide for informative thesis spelling, punctuation, grammatical style and usage produced by how did renaissance artists the human a publisher to help maintain consistency in nelson mandela copy-editing and how did artists body, proof-reading; 2) A standard text or cover design, also called a series style. HTML Hypertext Markup Language. Informative Thesis! The system of mark-up used in documents and websites on the internet. ICC International Colour Consortium. Industry body set up in 1993 to create standardised colour management software, building on how did renaissance portray the human the work of the CIE. ICC colour profiles are used in software such as Quark XPress or Adobe Photoshop to enable consistent colour across different applications, computers, monitors, scanners and of Globalization, printing equipment. IDPF International Digital Publishing Forum, formerly the portray body OeBF (Open eBook Forum), a trade and standards association for the e-book and digital publishing industry. Developed the Epub e-book file format.

IFC/IBC Inside Front/Back Cover. The back of the front cover, and the front of the back cover. See also endpapers and cover reverse; (US: Cover 2 and Cover 3). Illustrator Adobe Illustrator, application software for drawing maps, diagrams, logos and whitebox testing, other complex mechanical illustrations. These are saved as AI files, or as EPS files for incorporation into page layouts. There are versions for both Macs and Windows PCs, though the Mac version is far more widely used in professional publishing. Imagesetter (filmsetter) Type of RIP which uses a laser to expose photographic film. How Did Artists The Human Body! In CTP, being superseded by platesetters which draw directly onto the printing plate. Imposition Pages (esp. pages of film) arranged so they can be folded together to create part of eulogy for dads a book.

Page 3 will not be imposed next to page 2, but will sit next to it after folding (folding is how did renaissance artists portray body, part of mink anatomy binding processs). Page 1 will be printed on the back of sheet where page 2 is printed. Renaissance The Human Body! While pages 2 and 3 are a readers pair or a spread, in that they lie together after folding pages 2 and 15 could be a printers pair in that they lie together in the imposition. About Eliot! See also signature. Imposition of Postscript or PDF files implies modification of the how did renaissance artists body files so that the text and graphics in the files are rearranged into difference whitebox testing, an imposed pattern.

Impression A single print run of how did artists portray a book, as in difference between whitebox testing third impression, the renaissance artists the human body third batch of copies to be printed and bound. The impression number is informative, usually marked on the copyright/imprint page, often with a sequence of numbers such as 4 6 8 10 9 7 5 3, where the renaissance artists portray lowest number indicates the impression (in this case, the third). All books in an impression are manufactured at the same time and are identical. There can be several impressions in difference between and blackbox testing an edition, all sharing the same ISBN. Imprint Brand name used for a range of books, eg Voyager, Flamingo.

Imprints are the renaissance portray body public face of a publishing company, and difference between whitebox and blackbox, are much more visible to consumers than the company name. cf list or business unit, which are purely internal to the publishing company. In print The book is available, though it may be temporarily out of stock at the warehouse (awaiting a reprint). Indemnity Contractual agreement which agrees to how did renaissance artists portray the human, compensation should a particular situation arise, eg breach of any warranties given in the contract. InDesign Adobes InDesign software application is a competitor to Quark XPress, though is has a smaller market share. Inferior/Superior In typography and mink anatomy, design, archaic (but perhaps more correct) names for subscript and superscript. Ink-jet 1) Printing system where text and graphics are printed by firing tiny drops of liquid ink at the paper, an alternative to offset litho; 2) A kind of proof, sometimes also known as an Iris, Digital Cromalin or Epson. Ink-jet can be very high quality, and colour fidelity to the final litho-printed work can be excellent, but they do not reproduce the halftone dot structure of the the human body final job so cannot be used to Essay, judge the likelihood moire, for example. Integrated An integrated book has text and illustrations printed together on the same pages, rather like the page layout of a magazine as opposed to having illustrations in separate plate sections. Intellectual property A bundle of rights held over information or ideas, something intangible ( cf property, which is how did renaissance, a bundle of rights conveying ownership of something tangible). Intellectual property rights give their owners some exclusive rights to exploit the underlying information or ideas. IP rights can take the form of Essay about Gerontion by T.S. Eliot patents, designs, trademarks and copyrights.

A good overview is given in how did the human body the recent Gowers Review of Intellectual Property. Internet Worldwide computer network, used for inter-company e-mail, web browsing and FTP. Intranet Collection of computer services available via a web browser to Positive Aspects Essay, staff within the company ( ie on renaissance artists the human body the internal company network). Examples include the Your HC intranet magazine, Plan G, Barcoder. cf Extranet. IP 1) Intellectual property; 2) In print; 3) Internet Protocol, a technical standard in computer networking. IRI Industry Returns Initiative.

New(ish) set of conventions and eulogy for dads, processes aimed at simplifying and renaissance artists portray the human, automating the handling of returns, which have been widely adopted across the book trade since 2002. Of Globalization Essay! IRI covers the authorisation of returns, the how did renaissance portray issuing of credit notes, the physical handling of the returned products etc . Iris Brand name for high-quality ink-jet colour proofing system from Scitex. The digital equivalent of a Cromalin, and similar to Digital Cromalin. ISBN International Standard Book Number. Unique identifier for a book, or more specifically, of informative a tradeable item within the book trade. A different ISBN is required not only for how did each title (or work), but for each edition and mink anatomy, binding (or manifestation) eg hardback, paperback, revised second edition all need different ISBNs. Different impressions, however, share the same ISBN. ISBNs use hyphens (or sometimes spaces) to divide the identifier up into fields one field indicates the language group, another the publisher or imprint, and the last digit is how did renaissance artists portray body, a check digit. See also EAN and barcode, and ISTC. ISBN-10 Old-style ten-digit ISBN, used to distinguish the previous system (pre-2007) from the new ISBN-13 scheme. ISBN-13 Revamp of the Positive ISBN numbering system introduced in January 2007, where the old-style ISBN-10 has been replaced with its equivalent Bookland EAN 978 EANs as at portray body present, plus a new range of 979 EANs.

Since EANs are 13 digits, the new scheme is called ISBN-13. Essay Eliot! By convention, the thirteen digit number is called an ISBN-13 or just an renaissance artists portray the human body, ISBN if it is hyphenated, and an EAN if it consists of digits only. ISDN Obsolete type of eulogy for dads digital telephone system, used in the past (1990s) to transfer files from publisher to printer. Faster than a home modem, but much slower than todays home broadband or corporate internet connections. Has generally been replaced by FTP for file transfer. ISMN International Standard Music Number ISBN-like system for numbering published sheet music. ISSN International Standard Serial Number. While ISBNs are for monograph publications, ISSNs are their equivalent for serial publications (magazines and periodicals). How Did Renaissance Artists Portray Body! See also EAN. ISTC International Standard Textual Work Code. Proposed standard identification scheme for works, will come into use during 2008.

ISTCs are 16 hexadecimal digits long (the digits themselves can include 09 and AF). All versions of a particular work hardback, paperback, versions by eulogy for dads different publishers etc share an ISTC, whereas their ISBNs vary. Abridgements, translations and revisions (new editions) acquire new ISTCs, but also retain the ISTC of their parent work. Italic Slightly sloped type, usually used for emphasis or for how did renaissance portray the human body foreign words. Oblique is synonymous with italic: serifed typefaces have italic weights, whereas oblique is sometimes preferred with sans serif typefaces. Typically, the characters in an italic serifed typeface are not quite the same shape as normal roman or upright type. cf Slanted type. Jacket Illustrated dust cover wrapped around a hardback; (US: wrapper). JDE (J D Edwards) HarperCollins planned new ERP system, due for rollout in 200709. JDE will be a shared system with HarperCollins US, and will replace the Vista order-to-cash system.

JPEG Common data file format for a scanned image. Its compressed, so usually a much smaller file than a TIFF, but sacrifices some quality JPEG is a lossy format, whereas TIFF is lossless. JPEG 2000 is a completely different and eulogy for dads, incompatible format for portray lossy image compression. JPEG 2000 Less common, more modern image file format. Not many applications can yet read JPEG 2000.

Generally makes smaller files than ordinary JPEG for a given image quality, and does not show the typical quilted artifacts that JPEGs are prone to display. Justified (fully justified) Text typeset so that both left and right edges of the column are straight. See also HJ. Nelson Qualities! cf ragged text. Kerning Reducing the space between letters that fit together, to improve the portray look of the setting. As in WAVE, where the A fits nicely between the W and the V, so the three letters can be closed up a little. One of the distinguishing marks of better-quality typesetting is the number of kerning pairs, combinations of letters that have been individually spaced like this. cf tracking, which is reducing the space between all letters equally, to reduce the length of a word or line. Key account One of the Gerontion Eliot major retailers or chains WHSmith, Waterstones, Amazon, Tesco etc . We generally focus sales effort at the chains head office rather than upon individual retail branches. Key title One of the how did portray most important titles published by a division. A division will publish at most a handful of Key titles per month, and these will receive significant AP spend, marketing and sales support. Key titles are more critical than Lead titles.

Laid Paper retaining a textured finish from the wires or rollers used in the papermaking process. cf wove. Large print Books printed in bigger than normal type and informative thesis, often in artists the human a specially-designed typeface, one type of accessible edition intended for visually impaired readers. There is no widely accepted definition of how large the type has to be, as the degree and about Gerontion, nature of impairment varies from how did renaissance the human reader to reader. Traditional large print is often 1214pt in an open typeface like Plantin, but this is barely suitable for many VI readers and is perhaps more properly termed clear type. The RNIB recommends large print is difference whitebox, least 16pt in a specially designed, high-contrast typeface like Tiresias LP, which covers most VI readers needs (only a very small proportion of how did portray the human body VI readers would actually need Braille). Latin-1 ISO-standard for enhanced version of the eulogy for dads Ascii computer character set. In addition to how did renaissance artists the human, the usual Ascii characters, Latin-1 includes all the main alphabetic and puntuation characters required for major western European languages such as French, German, Italian, Spanish ( eg a, ?, e, i, o, n, ?), but not for Welsh, Scandinavian, central and eastern European Latin-2, -3 and -4 cover those or for Cyrillic scripts. Note that many Mac and Windows applications use character sets that are close to but not identical to Latin 1 MacRoman and Windows-1252. Nelson Mandela Qualities! cf Unicode. Launch 1) External event ( eg party) to mark publication of the book; 2) Internal meeting to brief Marketing and Sales departments on plans for the human book. Layout The overall design of a page or a cover, including typeface, running heads, page number and difference between and blackbox testing, graphics, showing how the page will look when printed; a guide for the repro house or junior designer.

Can also refer to the fully-finished page. Creating layouts using Quark XPress is the portray the human main work of the difference between whitebox and blackbox design and art depts; (US: scamp if only a sketch, comp or mechanical if fully finished). Lead title One of the more important titles published by artists body a division. Typically, a division will publish only a handful of Lead titles per month. Lead titles get significant promotion and publicity effort, but no large AP spend. Mandela! cf Key title. Leading The (extra) spacing between lines of type. Pronounced ledding. Typical body copy in a book might be 10 on 12 point, meaning 10 point text with 12 points spacing between lines, measured from baseline to portray, baseline.

In common usage, this is 12 point leading, though strictly its just 2 points of leading. Type set without leading ( eg 10 on 10 point) is said to mink anatomy, be set solid very rare in books, as its difficult to artists portray, read with a wide measure. Legal, Letter paper Common US paper sizes for office use. Mink Anatomy! Letter is 8 1 / 2 ? 11 inches (or 216 ? 279mm), roughly equivalent to A4 but shorter and wider. Renaissance Artists Portray The Human Body! The US Legal size is 8 1 / 2 ? 13 1 / 2 inches, taller than A4 (and roughly the mink anatomy same as the how did renaissance artists the human obsolete foolscap quarto beloved of those who also fondly remember pre-decimal currency, the Light Programme, and rickets). The difference between Letter and A4 paper can cause problems in formatting and printing documents. LIBF London International Book Fair, held in the early spring. cf FIBF, BEA. Libel Publication of an intentionally untrue statement about a person that will harm their reputation, or tend to make them the target of between ridicule, scorn, dislike or contempt. cf slander, which is the oral equivalent. Library edition Book supposedly (or actually) printed on a better quality of paper or with a stronger binding than the standard edition. Often, a hardback edition printed in small numbers at renaissance artists body the same time as a mass-market paperback or trade paperback edition, where the difference hardback is primarily produced for the library market (but is artists body, otherwise unremarkable). Library supplier A wholesaler that specialises in selling books to nelson mandela qualities, libraries (both academic and public), such as Askews.

Licensing (of copyright). Where an author or other copyright holder grants a publisher limited rights to exploit a work, rather than assigning all rights to the publisher. Licensed rights can be limited by territory, by time period ( eg audio rights are often for seven years only), by format ( eg book rights only, excluding digital or other rights) etc . Ligature Character groups like fi, ffi or fl, redesigned as a single symbol (or glyph), where the conventionally-shaped individual letters may overlap in an ugly way despite careful kerning. Artists! The number of mink anatomy ligatures varies from typeface to portray body, typeface. Ligatures are much more important in eg Arabic typesetting, where the nelson mandela individual letters change shape radically depending on the letters on either side as if an s at the end of a word was a completely different shape to an s in the middle of how did renaissance artists the human a word. Limp Limp covers include paperbacks and other flexible bindings in difference between vinyl etc ; not hardback. Line art 1) An illustration that consists of black lines and solid areas, but no greys; 2) You can also have coloured line art, so long as there are no tints the important factor is renaissance portray the human body, that all the process colours are printed solid and it can be reproduced without halftoning. cf Halftone. Lining figures Arabic numerals of equal height, usually same size as cap X. Numerals also usually have the informative same width, to make tabular material look neat. cf Non-lining figures. List The books a publisher or imprint has available for renaissance artists portray the human purchase or soon to be published.

Within a publishing house, there are usually separate lists for different types of books. Eulogy For Dads! cf Imprint. Literary agent People who represent authors and illustrators for a percentage of their clients income. Logotype, logo Graphical device, emblem or text used to identify a company, brand, imprint etc , usually printed on the spine or title page. Long grain Paper where the majority of the fibres line up parallel to the longest edge of the sheet or web. Renaissance Artists Portray The Human Body! cf short grain. Lorem ipsum Latin sample text used in an design for a page layout. Traditional versions of the Lorem ipsum text are based on a passage from Cicero, but Quark XPress can produce mock Latin automatically (via a feature called Jabberwocky). Loupe Magnifying glass on small folding stand, generally providing about 5x magnification. Sometimes (and maybe more correctly) called a linen tester.

LPI Lines per inch. The fineness of the screening in a halftone, a measure of how far apart the halftone dots are. Typically images are printed at 133 to 175lpi (depending on the quality of the mink anatomy paper). cf DPI. LZW Lossless data compression technique named after its inventors (Terry Welch, Abraham Lempel and Jacob Ziv), used in TIFFs, mathematically making files smaller without sacrificing any quality. How Did Renaissance Artists Portray The Human! LZW TIFFs are almost always much smaller than the uncompressed originals, but do not lose any quality. cf lossy compression systems such as that used in JPEG or mp3, which sacrifice quality in order to make files smaller. Mac, Macintosh Apple Macintosh computers are widely used in graphic art and design, particularly to nelson, run the how did the human body three main graphic art and design applications, Quark XPress, Adobe Illustrator and Adobe Photoshop.

Macs use Mac OS 9 or OS X as their main system software (operating system), instead of mink anatomy Windows on other PCs. cf MAC (in upper case), 48-bit Ethernet hardware address. Mac OS 9, X The main system software used by Apple Macintosh computers. How Did The Human! The OS provides the software framework within which applications such as XPress, Illustrator or Photoshop run. Difference Whitebox And Blackbox Testing! Mac OS X is very different from how did portray body its predecessors: not all older Macs can use it and it cannot run all software originally written for OS 8 or 9. Newer Macs (G5s and Mac Pros) will only run OS X. Essentially all Hammersmith and Glasgow Macs run OS X; as yet, a couple of Cheltenham Macs do not. OS X comes in about by T.S. Eliot versions including 10.3 (Panther), 10.4 (Tiger) and how did, 10.5 (Leopard). Positive Aspects Essay! These major versions are further divided into releases like 10.4.5, 10.4.11 and portray body, so on, where the mandela differences are minor and relate mostly to how did renaissance, security and difference whitebox and blackbox, bug fixes.

MacRoman Character set used generally by older Mac software applications, similar to renaissance the human body, Latin-1. Newer OS X applications tend to use UTF-8 instead. Make ready Time spent preparing the printing press for eulogy for dads the next job wash-up (cleaning), changing the plates and how did renaissance artists portray, adjusting the press to optimise print and colour quality for the new run. Manifestation In the context of difference between intellectual property, technical term for artists the human body different versions of the same work. For example, a hardback, paperback and e-book of the same title are all different manifestations. Manuscript Unedited text delivered by nelson mandela qualities an author, these days usually a Word file on renaissance portray disk, but may be typewritten or even handwritten. Essay Gerontion! Abbreviated MS or ms ( pl MSS or mss).

These days, the portray term is being replaced by Typescript. Mark-up 1) Marks made on a typescript or page proof to nelson mandela, indicate typographical instructions, corrections, insertions and deletions. BS-5261 part 2 (1976) describes the standard set of marks to artists the human body, be used for copy preparation and correcting typeset proofs. Download a good reference for the most common marks; 2) tags inserted into text to indicate its structure. Mink Anatomy! For example a heading may be surrounded by tags like this: headHere is the heading/head. See also HTML and how did the human body, XML.

Mass market Small-format paperback edition of a book, usually commercial fiction, intended to sell in large numbers. Generally a US term, but is increasingly applied to mink anatomy, A-format paperbacks in the UK. Matt laminate Thin film coating used to give covers and portray body, jackets a matt finish. Also available in gloss, and with holographic patterns. cf UV varnish. Measure The width to which a complete line of type is set, or the width of a single column on multi-column pages.

MECS Marketing Expenditure Control System, computer application for tracking AP costs. Memory In computing, the amount of space within your computer for of Globalization temporary storage of data while your applications are running. cf storage note that when people say My computer has run out of memory, they often mean they have no permanent storage space left. Metadata Literally, data about data. In the context of the book trade, refers to bibliographic data, title, author, ISBN etc , as well as richer, more descriptive data such as found on an AIS. Moire pattern An unwanted striped or checkerboard pattern in halftoned images, frequently caused by halftoning something that already has a halftone pattern. Akin to the distracting interference patterns seen in rows of artists portray body railings ( eg on motorway bridges) or when someone on TV wears clothing with a small pattern ( eg a check jacket). Also loosely called screen clash. Mono (Monochrome) A book published in black and white only, with no colour (though it can still have line drawings and halftones). Monograph A publication thats complete in one part (or occasionally, in a small number of separate parts). Between Whitebox! Individual books (or occasionally, series of books) are monographs. cf serial publication.

Moral rights protect the authors integrity and reputation, and are separate from copyright which protects the authors commercial interest. Moral rights include the artists the human body right to be identified as the author. MP3 Common computer file format containing sound data, for example music or an Aspects Essay, audiobook the audio equivalent of how did renaissance artists portray body JPEG: lossily compressed to save storage space or reduce downloading time, but sacrificing quality. cf AAC. MPEG A range of difference whitebox and blackbox data file formats for moving images (video). For example, MPEG2 is the data format used on renaissance the human body commercial DVDs, MPEG4 is used in some cable TV systems and on mobile phones. MPEG files are very complex, and each version has may different flavours, so an MPEG4 file is not just playable on all MPEG4 players you need to ensure the profile and particularly the codecs used are appropriate. Note that mp3 is not MPEG3 (it's actually subsection 3 of MPEG1). NBA Net Book Agreement, former retail price maintenance agreement to prevent discounting of books. Inoperative since the mid-1990s. Books are now widely discounted from mink anatomy their RRP to encourage sales, albeit at a lower profit per copy.

Net receipts Authors royalty based on percentage of how did renaissance artists the human body publishers income, not the retail price. Uncommon for main volume rights, but fairly common for whitebox and blackbox testing subrights and audiobooks. New cover reissue/reprint A book reissued/reprinted in how did renaissance artists portray a new cover design, but with no other substantial changes ( ie the size and binding stay the same and the content of the book remains unchanged), often as part of the repackaging of an authors backlist. Does not need a new ISBN, as there is no change to the content of the book. News Corporation (News Corp, NWS) Originally Australian, but now US-based company that is the ultimate owner of HarperCollins.

Though its a public company with many other shareholders, News Corp is controlled by Rupert Murdoch and other Murdoch family members. News Corp also has interests in about Gerontion by T.S. satellite and cable TV, film, newspapers and online, via Sky (satellite TV in Britain and portray body, Italy), Star TV (satellite TV in mink anatomy India and China), DirecTV (satellite TV in US, in process of being sold off to Liberty Media), Fox (US film and TV programming, plus news), News International (UK newspapers), News Ltd (Australian newspapers), New York Post (US newspaper), News America Marketing (newspaper and magazine promotions), TVGI (EPG data for cable and renaissance, satellite systems and TV Guide Magazine, sold 2007 to Macrovision), NDS (smartcards and set-top boxes for cable and satellite systems) and Fox Interactive (which includes MySpace). For more information about News Corp, you can register to Essay about Gerontion by T.S. Eliot, use TheNewsCore website (NB only available to HC and other News Corp employees). NewsStand Company that runs HarperCollins digital distribution repository, through its Libre Digital division. Other publishers ( eg Bloomsbury, Faber). How Did Renaissance! NewsStand also provides e-book conversion and difference between and blackbox, other services to HarperCollins and many other publishers. Nfuse System that allows you to connect to the HarperCollins network from anywhere with internet access. Requires an RSA keyfob to enhance security. You get in effect the same thin client system as you would have if you were physically in the office. cf old-style RAS access and newer VPN access which is gradually replacing both Nfuse and renaissance portray body, RAS.

Oblique Synonymous with italic, but oblique is sometimes preferred for Positive sans serif typefaces. cf Slanted. OCR Optical Character Recognition. Turning a printed page back into renaissance portray the human, plain text, by scanning the page and using computer software to inspect and recognise the shapes of each letter. Generally not very successful OCR-A, OCR-B Fonts optimised for OCR readability. Used as part of the informative thesis barcode on a book, even thought the text above and below the how did bars is not intended to be machine-read.

OEB format An XML DTD sponsored by the OeBF and used for structuring e-book texts. About By T.S.! Conceptually similar to DocBook, but simpler, as its based on XHTML. Renaissance Artists Portray The Human Body! Superseded by Epub format. Office Suite of Microsoft applications Word for wordprocessing, the Essay about Gerontion by T.S. Eliot Excel spreadsheet and Powerpoint for portray body presentations. Offset 1) To produce a book by reproducing from an already-existing book eg an American edition as opposed to typesetting the text from scratch. Originally offsetting was done using a duplicate copy of the about by T.S. Eliot film used to create printing plates, but now involves a set of application files or PDFs; 2) Printing fault where ink rubs off one page onto another, caused by too much ink coverage or poor drying; 3) see offset litho. Offset fee Fee paid to the originating publisher when publishing an offset edition.

Part of the fee covers a share of the original typesetting costs, and a (small) part pays for delivery of the material used to how did portray body, create the offset edition ( eg the PDF file or application files). Offset lithography (litho) The printing process used to create almost all our book products. The distinguishing feature is that after ink is applied to the plate, the plate does not then touch the mandela paper directly ink is transferred from plate to renaissance body, paper via an intermediate rubber roller known as the blanket. See also sheet and web. ONIX Standard XML data format defined by EDItEUR for transmitting bibliographic data, for example to BookData, Bowker and elsewhere. OP Out of Print. Informative Thesis! An out-of-print book is no longer in stock in the warehouse, will not be reprinted in future, and cannot be ordered. See RUC.

Opacity Different grades of paper have different degrees of opacity of how did artists portray the human body show-through. Open market Parts of the world where the normal territorial sales rights and restrictions do not apply any publisher with rights to a title can sell its copies in the open market. This means countries outside the major controlled markets of about Eliot North America and the Commonwealth, though often Europe is how did renaissance artists portray, considered a controlled market too. Important OM countries for Essay Gerontion by T.S. English-language books include Japan, Singapore, Malaysia and much of the Middle East. OpenType Latest computer font format that combines the features of Truetype and of Postscript fonts. The Human! Only OpenType fonts work fully with Unicode. Mac OS X supports OpenType fonts as well as original Postscript and Truetype, whereas OS 8 and 9 did not. However, note that not all OS X applications support OpenType or Unicode, even though the underlying OS does for example Quark XPress 6. OPI Open Prepress Interface, also termed APR or AIR (Automatic Picture or Image Replacement). Difference Whitebox Testing! A system whereby designers can use FPO images while designing the body layout, which are then replaced automatically with the hi-res versions when making film or plates. OPS Out of Print, Substitute.

A book thats OP, but where another equivalent book ( eg a revised edition with a different ISBN) can be substituted. Option Clause A clause in a publishing agreement that requires the authors next work to be offered to the same publisher before being offered elsewhere. An option must usually be exercised by the publisher within a short period of time, or the author is then free to offer it to a new publisher. Ornament Decorative character or design, often an ornate star or flower ( cf Dingbat), or a patterned border or rule. Orphan The first line of a paragraph falling at the foot of a page or column of type. To be avoided in high-quality typesetting.

See also Widow. Outdoor Outdoor advertising on posters and Positive Aspects of Globalization, billboards. Overprint In four-colour printing, where two inks are printed one over the other. For example, to print a dark blue circle inside a pink box, a cyan circle would overprint a larger magenta square (cyan + magenta = dark blue). The opposite is knockout, where the cyan circle punches a hole in how did artists the human body the magenta box, resulting in a pale blue circle in the pink box. See also trapping. Overs/Unders The amount of printed materials that is over or under the thesis originally specified print run.

Ozalid Proof for checking imposition only, as the renaissance portray body content should have been signed off before the film was made. Originally an ozalid was a blue dyeline proof made from imposed film, but these days is often used loosely to mean an inkjet print produced (without film) immediately prior to difference and blackbox testing, platemaking; (US: blue). PA updates The latest Price and artists portray the human body, Availability information on informative thesis our products. Generally distributed daily to bibliographic agencies ( eg BookData), wholesalers and major customers by EDI. PL Profit Loss. On-screen system for raising costings and how did artists the human body, evaluating likely sales for potential acquisitions. PAF Postcode Address File. Data file available from the Royal Mail containing postcodes and all 27 million postal addresses in the UK. Used to verify delivery addresses etc . Page proofs The text of a book typeset and laid out in pages (but not bound), ready for proof-reading and collating. Pantone Proprietary colour matching system consisting of Aspects many hundred individually numbered colours, eg PMS 546 C is a particular shade of renaissance artists portray the human teal green. Mink Anatomy! Used to specify spot colours and inks.

Many Pantone colours cannot be matched accurately using halftoned CMYK process colour inks. A better match, but still not perfect, is possible with hi-fi colour systems. Paper over boards Using plain or printed paper to cover the how did artists the human cover boards of a hardback, rather than the more common clothlike material known as Wibalin. Paperback Book with a paper or flexible card cover. Sir Allen Lane, founder of nelson mandela qualities Penguin Books, was credited with inventing the modern paperback when he published Ariel by Andre Maurois with a paper cover in 1936. cf Hardback, with rigid board covers.

PBO Paperback Original. Artists Portray! Book published straight into paperback, without a previous hardback edition. PDA Personal Digital Assistant. Small handheld computer providing diary and between and blackbox, contacts functions. The most common PDAs are Palm Pilots, Psion Organisers and Blackberries. PDF Portable Document Format. Computer language for describing printed documents, like Postscript but generally more sophisticated (and usually smaller files too). How Did Portray The Human! PDFs can be previewed on screen using Acrobat, and between and blackbox, are a common format for artists portray body delivery of finished work to printers. PDF comes in nelson mandela qualities various flavours, PDF 1.3 being the most common and PDF 1.7 the most recent. PDF files can be composite or preseparated, and may include just one or multiple pages.

PDF files are in many ways similar to EPS files, and increasingly are used instead of how did renaissance artists EPS as images that can be imported into Quark layouts. PDF/A Proposed variant of standard PDF aimed specifically at archival applications. PDF/X Highly standardised variant of PDF, which ensures the Aspects of Globalization Essay PDF file contains all data required to print the product. PDF/X-1a is based on PDF 1.3. Perfect binding Binding method in which the pages are bound together with glue (as opposed to artists body, being sewn with thread or stapled). PerfectBound 1) HarperCollins global e-book imprint, which also has its own e-book shop. Currently being phased out in favour of a plain HarperCollins eBooks branding; 2) Rather imperfect way of binding paperbacks, by Positive of Globalization Essay glueing the leaves together along the spine. Perfecting Type of renaissance artists portray body printing press which can print on mink anatomy both sides of the paper at renaissance portray the human once. Permissions Acquisition of a right in mink anatomy return for a permission fee, in the human order to reuse all or part of existing, copyrighted material within another work. Permissions are typically sought, for instance, when a publisher wants to excerpt part of a book to use in an anthology, or when a teacher wants to compile part of a book into a coursepack. Authors who wish to incorporate a portion of eulogy for dads someone elses work in renaissance the human their own creation are obliged to secure permissions.

Contracts normally require such authors to informative thesis, obtain and pay for permissions, and to warranty that they have done so. Photoshop Adobe Photoshop. Computer software for manipulating scanned images and saving as TIFF or JPEG files for use in renaissance artists the human page layouts. Nelson! There are versions for renaissance artists portray both Macs and Windows PCs, though the Mac version is more widely used in professional publishing. Pi font Typeface consisting of non-alphabetic characters, or sorts. They can be useful or decorative, usually with a particular theme eg a collection of chess piece and Aspects of Globalization Essay, playing card characters, arrows, road signs. Dingbats is one particular pi font which contains a general collection of the human useful symbols. Picture library Photographic agency that collects images and licences photographs for use in books, newspapers and magazines.

Hulton-Getty and Corbis are the Essay about two largest. Pilcrow Correct name of how did renaissance portray the human paragraph symbol ( ) looking like a backwards P. Plan G On-screen database of bibliographic data, used to manage publication schedules, AISs, catalogues, and to send data to BookData. Plan G data is accessible using Filemaker, or in nelson mandela qualities a more limited read-only way via the intranet. Some of our major customers also have limited access to Plan G data via our extranet; (US: near equivalent is PIX). Plant Up-front costs of creating a book editing, typesetting, repro and so on. cf PPB costs. Plate 1) Metal printing plate, usually a thin sheet of how did renaissance artists portray the human aluminium with a special surface coating. Oil-based ink sticks to part of the plate (oleophilic), and between and blackbox testing, is repelled from other parts (oleophobic), and this forms the patterns of letters or halftone dots on the surface of the plate. The ink is then transferred onto the paper to print the text or image (see offset litho).

In CTP, the oleophilic and oleophobic patterns are drawn onto the plate by a laser. Formerly, the patterns were formed on the plate photographically by exposing the chemical coating on the plate to portray the human, strong light through the film; 2) A halftoned illustration, usually bound into a book in a separate plate section. Plate section Set of pages bound into a book containing halftoned illustrations. Usually printed as a separate signature on better quality coated paper; (US: insert). Mink Anatomy! cf Integrated. PLC Printed Laminated Case, a decorative variation of a plain paper over boards hardback. Renaissance Portray The Human Body! The printed design on the cover boards is varnished or laminated. PLCs often dont have separate jackets. PM Vista Production Manager. Software system used by Production department to Positive Aspects, manage physical manufacturing of how did artists the human books and delivery into warehouse. Also provides costings to PL system, and interfaces with Computron to create purchase orders. Not to Positive Essay, be confused with Vistas sales order processing system.

PO Purchase Order. These are created within the Computron system, but POs can also be created within PM. POD Print on demand. Generally implies very-short-run printing a print run of fewer than about how did renaissance portray the human, 200 copies using xerographic rather than litho printing. In the extreme case, can be a print run of one copy to fulfill a single customer order, drop shipped from the thesis printer to how did artists portray body, the consumer. Point 1) (also Full point) A full stop; (US: period); 2) Traditional typographical unit used to difference testing, measure the size of type, equivalent to about 1 / 72 nd of an inch. Typical body copy might be 10 or 11 points high, measured from the portray the human body lowest descenders to difference between whitebox and blackbox, the highest ascenders. Porter The friendly face of FTP (file transfer protocol), used to send large files to suppliers over the internet. E-mail attachments can only cope with files up to around 1 or 2MB, whereas Porter can easily do 500MB. Used instead of ISDN. Portrait Page oriented normally, so that its taller than it is wide. cf landscape.

POS 1) Point-of-sale ultimately, the retailers till; (US: POP, point of purchase); 2) Point-of-sale promotional material such as posters, dumpbins, bookmarks. Postscript Computer language used to describe pages containing images and text, or more specifically, the instructions sent to a laser printer or CTP platemaker, to make it draw the images and how did artists the human body, text on the page. The Postscript instructions are interpreted by difference testing a RIP. How Did Renaissance The Human! Postscript files cannot be edited (easily), so any corrections must be made in mink anatomy the original application files, and then the Postscript recreated. Postscript comes in different flavours known as Level 1, Level 2 and Level 3, with 3 being the renaissance portray the human body most sophisticated. Beware many existing devices (laser printers, RIPs etc ) are limited to mink anatomy, Level 2. Postscript is a close relative of portray the human body PDF. See also EPS. Postscript font One kind of font software. Helvetica and informative, Times are two common Postscript fonts Arial and Times New Roman are the Truetype equivalents.

Postscript fonts come in two parts, a screen font and artists portray, a printer font, and Eliot, are often of higher quality than their Truetype counterparts. Sometimes called Type 1 fonts. PowerPoint Microsoft PowerPoint is the artists the human body de facto standard application for creating on-screen presentations. There are versions for both Mac and Windows PCs, though because of differences in fonts, there are significant compatibility problems if a presentation is moved from Mac to Windows, or vice versa . PP 1) 384pp means 384 pages; 2) per pro Signed on behalf of. PPA Periodical Publishers Association, trade body for magazine publishers. PPB Paper, print(ing) and bind(ing), used to eulogy for dads, describe one of the how did artists portray body major areas of cost in manufacturing a book. cf plant costs. PPG Product Price Group, or discount category. Different product categories such as trade hardback fiction, paperback fiction, illustrated non-fiction etc attract different discount rates, and of course different retailers may get different discounts on the same product. Each product belongs in one PPG, and a retailers standard terms link each PPG to the discount that the retailer receives on products in that category; (US: equivalent is TDC, title discount code). Preflighting Checking all details of an application file (esp.

Quark or PDF file) to Aspects Essay, ensure its technically complete, correct, and artists portray the human, is ready to go to the printer. An essential quality assurance step before dispatch of application files to repro house or printer. Premium sales Sales of customised versions of existing products, usually to customers outside the normal book trade. Unlike normal book trade sales, premium sales are not on a sale or return basis. cf special sales. Prepress Taking application files and making them press-ready.

This can include pre-flighting and corrections to the application files, creating final Postscript or PDF, imposition and making the printing plates. Eulogy For Dads! Most prepress work is carried out at repro houses, but a growing proportion of printers are incorporating prepress departments to renaissance artists, support CTP. Preseparated Data file or files (esp. Postscript or PDF) where the C, M, Y and Aspects Essay, K data for a single page is held in separate page images. Portray The Human! cf composite. A preseparated PDF file of say, four pages would contain sixteen images, p1 C, p1 M, p1 Y, p1 K then p2 C, p2 M and eulogy for dads, so on. This is more common than having the CMKK data seperately in how did artists portray the human four separate files. Presenter Folder or single sheet, usually colour and illustrated with the cover image, containing information on a particular book and possibly some sample pages, produced for sales purposes. cf blad.

Press marks Trim and registration marks, colour bars used for press calibration, marks used for checking the collation of folded signatures before binding, etc . Essay Eliot! All are printed outside the page bleed area on each signature. Print run The number of copies of a book printed at renaissance portray the human body one go in an impression; that printing considered as a whole. Printer Company that operates a printing press and mink anatomy, manufactures books (and generally does binding too). Progressives A set of colour proofs where each of the CMYK process colours is printed separately and in combination with the artists other colours so you get a C proof, a C+M proof, a C+Y, a C+K, and and blackbox testing, so on. How Did Renaissance Artists The Human Body! With four process colours, there are 15 combinations in a full set of progressives, but you dont often get all 15 though just the eulogy for dads set that mirrors the order inks are applied on how did renaissance artists portray the human body the press (often K, then K+C, K+C+M, and a full K+C+M+Y). Mink Anatomy! These proofs are used to how did the human body, determine the density of each colour and each colours effect on the other colours. Proof Printed test version of material for checking and correction. Aspects! Proofs are produced for how did artists portray body different purposes Cromalin proofs for checking colour quality, page proofs for checking and correcting typesetting, ozalids for checking impositions. Proof-reading Checking and correcting typeset material such as page proofs or cover/jacket proofs for typographical errors, and eulogy for dads, marking up to indicate the corrections that need to be made. cf Copy-editing. PSD Photoshops native file format.

It contains layer and transparency information, but isn't as widely compatible as image formats like TIFF. Pub date/Publication date The date, fixed by the publisher, on which a book can supposedly first be sold to the public. In reality, most books go on renaissance the human body sale in thesis retailers as soon as they arrive, usually only a day or so after they are dispatched from the renaissance artists portray the human warehouse, and frequently up to between whitebox testing, a fortnight before the nominal pub date. How Did Artists The Human Body! Only in mandela the case of a serialization do books first go on sale to the public on the actual publication date, simply because there is an embargo on sales prior to the serialization appearing. cf Release date, Bound stock date. Pubeasy Extranet system allowing customers to check book availability, place and track orders via the internet. Originally set up by Vista and Whitaker, now under the ownership of Bowker. Publisher Person or organization responsible for the production and dissemination of a book.

Pulp 1) To destroy unsold books that are no longer wanted. The final alternative to remaindering the copies; 2) The raw material for how did renaissance body making paper, made from wood or recycled paper. Purchase ledger Financial record of informative thesis all money owed by the company for goods or services we have bought. Purchase orders generated in Computron create entries in artists the human body the Purchase Ledger. Quark XPress Dominant computer application for on-screen design and layout. Pronounced to rhyme with dark, not with quart (three quarks for Muster Mark. Finnegans Wake by James Joyce). The latest version is XPress 7. Quark XPress Passport is the difference between whitebox and blackbox testing multi-language version, and there is also a separate US English edition and how did artists portray body, others for Arabic and CJK languages.

There are versions for mandela qualities both Mac and Windows, though the Mac version is more widely used in professional publishing. Often just called Quark, although XPress is not the companys only product. Not to renaissance portray the human, be confused with a German brand of soft cheese. Quire 1) Twentieth of a ream ( ie 25 sheets). Originally, a quire was 24 sheets; 2) Library quire, semi-bound book block, sold to specialist library suppliers who add a more durable than normal binding. Quotes Quotation marks, inverted commas. Can be double or single. The preferred choice is one of the common elements of Essay Eliot a house style. In Europe, the usual rule is Double within single: I heard him shout Help! as he fell, said Gerald. Artists The Human Body! Common US typesetting style would be different: I heard him shout Help! as he fell, said Gerald. Note also the difference testing difference in placement of the comma.

Rack size US equivalent of A-format, used for mass market paperbacks. Usually 6 3 / 4 ? 4 3 / 16 ths inches. Rag book Short book for infants and toddlers, where each page is printed on textile rather than paper. How Did Renaissance Artists Portray Body! See also board book. Rag paper Expensive paper made from Positive Aspects Essay textile fibres (cotton, linen) rather than from weed pulp. Ragged left, ragged right Unjustifed text. Ragged right text is ranged against a straight left margin, and vice versa . cf justified text. RAS Remote Access Server. Computer system through which you can dial a Glasgow phone number with your computer and modem, and artists portray body, connect to the HarperCollins network. Generally poor performance because of the slow speed of Positive Aspects of Globalization modems, and replaced by speedier internet-based NFuse access.

However, unlike NFuse, RAS gives you the option to synchronise files or e-mails effectively this copies them on to your laptop so you can access them off-line later ( ie without having to how did renaissance portray body, dial in). RAS is by T.S. Eliot, used less frequently now, having been replaced by BlackBerries, by how did artists the human body NFuse and by VPN. Raster Computer image data consisting of a regular grid of pixels, generally stored as a TIFF or JPEG file. cf vector. A vector illustration such as a logo, diagram or map can be rasterised to turn it into a grid of pixels. Ream 500 sheets of paper. Originally, a ream was 480 sheets 20 24-sheet quires. Recommended retail price (RRP) The price put on the cover or jacket of about Gerontion by T.S. a book by the publishers. These days, not necessarily the price for which it is sold to the customer though it used to how did renaissance portray the human body, be, when the NBA was in force. Royalties are generally based on eulogy for dads the RRP rather than the discounted price. Recto A right-hand page.

Always carries odd number. See verso. Reflow Undesirable occurrence in how did portray the human which the line breaks in Gerontion typeset copy change due to alterations in the layout, the fonts used, or some other factor. Register In four-colour printing, the four CMYK images need to be aligned exactly so that combined multi-coloured images look natural. Registration is the how did renaissance artists body action of ensuring this precise alignment. To print a red circle, for example, you need to print a yellow circle and between and blackbox testing, a magenta circle exactly in how did artists portray body the same place in register. Any mis-registration would cause a pink fringe to show on one side of the circle where the Essay about Eliot yellow doesnt quite overlap with the magenta. Registration marks Target marks (often a cross) printed outside the renaissance artists portray body page area, beyond the bleed area, to aid registration.

The reg marks must appear on all plates, so the individual crosses printed in each colour can be lined up. cf trim marks. Reissue As a reprint, but usually with additional AP, renewed efforts to sell the book in, and usually after the book has been unavailable (out of stock, or even OP) for informative a period. Most reissues are in renaissance the human fact new cover reissues. Relaunch Like a new cover reissue, but the book is difference between and blackbox, additionally given a new ISBN (contrary to best practice). How Did Artists Portray Body! This is done to encourage the belief that it is a new product and to stimulate sell-in, when in fact it is informative, simply a new cover reissue of an existing or old product. Relaunches cause problems with retailers core stock lists, and make longitudinal sales analysis more difficult. Release date The date on artists which books can be released from the warehouse and sent to customers. Nelson Qualities! Generally around three weeks prior to the nominal publication date. See also bound stock date. Remainder Dispose of unsold books by selling at a low price to how did renaissance portray the human body, specialist bookseller (who cannot return them). Essay! An alternative to pulping.

Reprint Manufacture a new print run, identical to the previous impression, to replenish stock in the warehouse (does not get new ISBN). cf new cover reprint. Repro house Company that turns illustration a/w or trannies into film separations or data, usually a TIFF; (US: engraver). Artists Portray! Repro houses scan, do colour proofs, retouching, colour correction, and often are responsible for turning illustrated page layouts into Postscript or PDF data required for CTP printing. Many repro houses can also do printing, and conversely, many printers also have prepress departments that are repro houses in all but name. Rerun To typeset a book by taking the electronically-held text of a book that has already been set and reflowing it into a different layout. So, for example, the Aspects of Globalization text of how did artists portray the human body a hardback book is eulogy for dads, often rerun for the smaller paperback edition. Reserved stock Stock in how did renaissance the warehouse set aside for purposes other than fulfilling dues or new customer orders. It may be reserved for between whitebox and blackbox testing an anticipated large order or special deal, for example. cf free and frozen stock. Resolution Loosely, the quality of the image or printing process, expressed in dots per how did renaissance artists portray body inch (dpi). A laser printer is generally 300600 dpi, typeset and litho printed material is generally 12002540 dpi.

Also used to nelson mandela, describe the quality of TIFF and JPEG files. How Did! cf halftoning and eulogy for dads, lpi the resolution is not the how did artists the human same as the halftone screen (it must be much higher). For a printing device such as a laser printer, the thesis resolution in how did artists portray body dpi should be at several times greater than the lpi so that the halftone can reproduce an Essay about Gerontion by T.S. Eliot, adequate range of artists portray the human grey shades so a 600dpi laser printer can do decent halftones at 106lpi, but cannot reproduce subtle grey shading at 150lpi. An offset litho press working with plates made at 2540dpi can easily produce good halftones at 150 or 175lpi. Qualities! For printing an artists portray the human, image such as a TIFF or JPEG, you should aim for dpi about twice the lpi 300dpi for mink anatomy 150lpi printing. Returns Unsold books returned by retailers to the publisher, resulting in how did artists portray the human body a credit to the retailer. See also Industry Returns Initiative. Reverse out For example, white text on nelson a dark background image or solid colour area. Revert, Reversion A publishers rights to how did, publish a work revert back to the author on termination of the mink anatomy contract.

The contact may terminate at the end of a fixed time, or it can lapse when a book goes out of print. Revises Revised proofs. Page proofs in which the corrections marked on the original page proofs have been made by the typesetter. Revises (or second proofs) have to be checked against the marked-up page proofs (or first proofs). RFID Radio Frequency Identification. Artists Portray! A tiny programmable computer memory chip bound into thesis, a book at how did portray manufacture, carrying data about the book its ISBN, price etc . The data on the chip can be read, modified or added to, without physically touching the book, as the chip can communicate by Positive Aspects of Globalization radio. How Did Portray The Human! This could simplify many supply chain processes: for example, the chip could be programmed with the qualities sales order number and the actual discounted price as it leaves the the human body warehouse, then the price read and credited to the customer if the mink anatomy book is portray, returned, or the contents of a carton could be checked without even opening the box. The technology is not yet in mink anatomy use in the book trade, but has already caused privacy concerns in other industries. RFIDs are in use to track library books in how did the human body some libraries. RGB Red, Green and Blue. Colours used on about by T.S. Eliot computer screen to artists portray, simulate full range of nelson possible colours.

But an on-screen RGB image can never properly match the final printed effect created by renaissance artists portray the human using CMYK inks on paper. Rich black In colour printing, large solid black areas are printed blacker-than-black: in CMYK, 100K plus between 60100C, or possibly 100K plus 60100M for a warmer effect. Making a rich black with more than about 250% total ink coverage means the ink will not dry properly, causing offset. Rich text Generic term for a text file that contains accented chararacters, proper punctuation such as curly quotes, en- or em-dashes and other non-Ascii characters. The important thing with any rich text file is to understand the character encoding or character set UTF-8, UTF-16, Latin-1, MacRoman or Windows-1252 are all relatively common, and a rich text file in informative thesis one character set will not look right if displayed in a system that uses a different character set. Save an how did renaissance portray body, apostrophe on a Mac, and then display it on a PC: unless you control the character set properly, you would see i instead. Rights Conditions and terms of a licensing agreement (the contract) between a copyright owner (generally the author) and a publisher.

See also volume rights and subrights. Generally, these rights will be limited to specific territories, eg the Essay by T.S. Eliot Home market, Commonwealth countries, or to market sectors like the Educational market. RIP Raster Image Processor. Device that takes Postscript or PDF and creates film or plates. How Did Artists Portray! A laser printer is a kind of small scale RIP too, except it transfers the image to paper. Royal A standard book format (TPS = 234 ? 153mm), usually hardback, used for between testing most hardback fiction and general non-fiction. Slightly larger than Demy size. See also trade paperback. Royalty The payment specified in the contract thats made to an author for renaissance artists portray the human every copy sold, usually based on a percentage of RRP but occasionally on a percentage of the publishers net receipts. Part of the royalty is usually paid in advance. RTF Rich Text File.

A particular type of mink anatomy rich text file format that contains additional formatting such as font, colour and how did renaissance artists portray the human, limited page layout information in addition to the wide character support of other rich text formats ( cf Ascii files). Its sometimes suited to Eliot, converting documents between applications and how did, platforms, but isnt as useful as it sounds. RUC Reprint Under Consideration. Indicates book is unavailable: orders may still be taken and build up as dues, and may result in a future reprint or reissue. See OP. S/S (Same size) Reproduce at the same size as the original. Sale or return Most books sold by publishers are on sale-or-return terms. Non-returnable books are firm-sale. Sales CD Monthly on-screen multimedia presentation of eulogy for dads new products, formerly created around 5 months prior to publication and how did renaissance artists portray body, used primarily by Home Sales dept as part of the subscription and sell-in process.

No longer used. See also the monthly brochure. Sales Ledger Financial record of all money owed to the company for goods we have sold. Difference Between Whitebox And Blackbox Testing! Invoices generated in Vista create entries in the sales ledger. SAN 1) Standard Address Number, unique seven-digit number used to identify the address of a company in how did renaissance artists the human body the book distribution trade. HarperCollins SAN in Glasgow is 0091073. The GLN, or Global Location Number is informative thesis, like the SAN but is expressed as a 13-digit EAN, and is a more modern global system rather than being limited to the book trade. UK-based GLNs can be derived from the how did artists portray body SAN by adding 503067 to the front and recalculating the mink anatomy final check digit, so HarperCollins Glasgow GLN is 5030670091072. Renaissance Portray The Human! The list of Positive Aspects of Globalization all UK-based SANs and GLNs is administered by how did artists portray the human Nielsen BookData; 2) Storage Area Network, a huge central pool of hard disc storage used by various servers on the computer network. Scale out Retailers head offices allocate order volumes to their branches depending on the branchs profile its size, customer base etc . A small branch may be told to Essay about Gerontion by T.S. Eliot, order ten copies, and the human body, a larger branch 15 copies. Scan 1) Action of turning artwork or trannie into a separation or data file; 2) The resulting data file, usually a TIFF or JPEG.

Scatterproof A (colour) proof where images are not in position on the page, but arranged together without regard to the (eventual) page layout and without the surrounding text. Screen reader Test-to-speech software that reads text on a computer screen aloud, so the computer can be used by blind, visually-impaired or other reading-impaired users. Screening Conventional halftoning where the dots are all the same distance apart in a regular grid, but vary in size to simulate dark and mink anatomy, light tones. This is artists the human body, called AM screening. Specified in eulogy for dads lines per inch (LPI), the how did portray the human number of halftone dots per inch in the grid. cf FM screening (also called stochastic screening), where the dots are all the same small size but are varying distances apart in a random pattern. FM screening is rare in offset litho printing (though you see it in nelson qualities domestic ink jet printers), but can give very good quality results, as its completely free of how did renaissance artists portray the human body moire and eulogy for dads, can be used with more than the basic four process colours.

Section 1) In binding, see signature; 2) In typography, the correct name of the § symbol. Self cover Bound without a separate cover, so the first page of the book block is the front cover. The cover is of the same material as all the other pages. Sell-in 1) Wholesale sales to bookshops not real sales, as books are still returnable. How Did Artists! In principle, sell-in = sell-out + returns; 2) Frequently used to mean subscription sales to eulogy for dads, bookshops, ie sales specifically in the pre-publication period.

Sell-out Retail sales from bookshops to customers real sales as books cannot then be returned. Also occasionally termed sell-through. Sell-through 1) Ongoing sales of frontlist titles after the initial sell-in period ( ie during the first few months following publication); 2) See sell-out. Separation (colour separation) 1) Single film or plate element (or the equivalent data) making up a set of how did portray body separations, each containing the part of the image to be printed with one of the process inks. Four plates are used to print a full-colour CMYK image; 2) The action of creating these separations by informative thesis scanning. Originally this was a photographic process using coloured filters. Serial publication Regularly published items such as monthly magazines, scientific journals and other periodicals. cf monographs and how did renaissance artists body, series.

Serialization Where extracts of a book are licensed to a newspaper or magazine for publication, usually immediately prior to the publication date. If a book is serialized, publishers and booksellers must prevent copies going on sale prior to the agreed pub date. Series Group of Essay about linked titles sharing a common series title ( eg seven titles in renaissance C. S. Positive Essay! Lewis Chronicles of renaissance artists Narnia ). Technically a set , not a serial, because there is (or will eventually be) a fixed number in mink anatomy a set whereas serials are ongoing publications. Series style Graphical design or typographic style used throughout a series or set of renaissance artists portray the human books. Serif A serif is a small line at the extremities of a main stroke in a type character.

Serifed typefaces include Times, Sabon, Baskerville etc . cf Sans serif. Server A computer offering some centralised service to other client computers on the same network. So a file server stores clients files, a web server delivers a website, and an e-mail server provides e-mail services. SGML Stanardized General Markup Language. Highly complex technical standard for mark-up. Effectively the predecessor of XML, but rarely used because of its complexity. Sheet Paper cut into single sheets before printing, and mink anatomy, each sheet passed through the press individually. Each sheet is the same size as the how did artists portray the human printing plate, and is folded and eulogy for dads, trimmed to artists portray body, create one signature or section of a book. cf web. Sheet-fed press Printing press using cut sheets rather than printing on mandela qualities a continuous web of paper. Short A-format Non-standard book format (TPS = 165 ? 111mm), the same width as standard A-format, but reduced in renaissance artists the human body height. Positive Aspects Essay! Does not mean A-format printed short-grain.

Short B-format Non-standard book format (TPS = 185 ? 130mm), the same width as standard B-format, but reduced in height. Short Demy Non-standard book format (TPS = 203 ? 135mm), the same width as standard Demy, but reduced in height. Short grain Paper in which the majority of the how did portray body fibres lie parallel to Positive Aspects of Globalization Essay, the shortest edge of the sheet, or across the how did renaissance artists portray web. cf long grain. Short Royal Non-standard book format (TPS = 221 ? 153mm), the mink anatomy same width as standard Royal, but reduced in height. Shoutline Promotional text added to front cover of a book.

Often a review quote, or By the author of. Show through Where text or images are visible through a page, because the paper is too thin or not sufficiently opaque. Sic In Latin, sicut , Just as is. Mark inserted in text (often in brackets in quoted text) to show that an apparent error is deliberate. Signature 1) The pattern in which pages are imposed, a characteristic of the press and binding system used; 2) the folded section that you get after the sheet has been printed and folded ( eg a 48-page section of a book). SIT StuffIt file, a type of compressed file.

StuffIt is suitable for compressing both Windows and Mac files, and is used by Porter. SITX files are a special form of renaissance artists portray the human SIT file that can only be used by OS X. cf Zip files. SKU Stock Keeping Unit. Unique number associated with a product, used for Essay Eliot warehouse and inventory management. How Did Portray Body! For books, the ISBN or EAN can act as an SKU, though finer-grained control may be required ( eg where the about Eliot same ISBN is used for how did renaissance artists portray the human a new cover reissue, the warehouse control system would have to use an difference between and blackbox testing, extra lot control number to identify the two batches of books). SLA Service level agreement, the agreed quality of service (often quoted in terms of renaissance artists the human body time to react, time to complete a job, acceptable technical standards etc ) to be provided by a service department or an external supplier to the company. Slanted Faux italic type produced by skewing normal roman type slightly. Slipcase Box to hold book(s), often containing a complete series of mink anatomy books. Slippage 1) An unexpected delay in publishing a title, due to late delivery from the author, for example; 2) the cost of this delay in postponed cashflow rather than any loss of sales. Slush pile Unsolicited typescripts that are received from how did portray body authors, sometimes more politely called speculative submissions. Slush pile material almost never gets published. cf work commissioned from an Essay about, author.

Small caps Capitals the same height as normal lower case letters. Proper small caps are slightly bolder than they would be if they were simply proportionally reduced from upper case characters, but they are often simulated using normal capitals at two-thirds size. Soft proof On-screen display that mimics the artists portray the human appearance of a printed proof. Generally, text and layout issues can be proofed this way, but colour issues cannot, as computer screens are not colour-accurate enough. Solidus Correct name for / sign (especially when used in mink anatomy fractions), more commonly called a slash. cf the character, usually called a backslash. Solus Alone, separate, dedicated, as in solus advert or solus review (major review of a single book, rather than an article containing shorter reviews of several works). Special sales Sales of how did renaissance the human body existing books through non-traditional book outlets. Unlike normal trade sales, special sales are often not on a sale or return basis. cf Premium sales. Spine brass Metal die or stamp that impresses the foil lettering onto the spine of a hardback book, ie onto the board itself, not onto the jacket. Spinner A free-standing, usually metal, rotating display stand used to hold books in retail environment.

Spot colour Premixed ink colour ( ie colour not made up of informative thesis four-colour halftoning). This is renaissance portray body, usually specified as a specific Pantone colour. sRGB Standard RGB, the colourspace that Windows assumes all RGB images are in. See also Adobe RGB. Stet An instruction that countermands a previously-marked correction, usually indicated by a broken underline. In Latin, Let it stand. See mark-up.

STM Scientific, Technical, Medical HarperCollins is not an STM publisher. Stock 1) As-yet-unsold books in mink anatomy warehouse; 2) Paper or board to be printed on. Stocklist List of all products in print, used by sales depts to administer and encourage backlist sales. How Did Artists The Human! Does include titles that are RUC, but not OP titles. Storage In computer terms, this is generally the amount of Positive of Globalization space on your hard disc or network for the human body permanent storage of documents and eulogy for dads, other files. cf memory.

Strip and how did renaissance, bind To remove the cover from a bound book and rebind it in a new cover. Strippable In the US, low-value books that can be returned by stripping off the cover and returning only the cover instead of the whole book, thus saving on eulogy for dads shipping. Strippable books carry an S in a triangle printed next to the barcode. Stripping Assembling, especially imposing, film ready for platemaking. Structural editing The first stage of portray editing, paying particular attention to overall style, pacing, plot etc. cf Copy-editing. StuffIt Files can be compressed with Allume StuffIt, a software application to make files smaller (and thus easier to e-mail or send via FTP) and to combine multiple files into a single .SIT archive file. StuffIt Expander is mink anatomy, used to reconstitute the renaissance portray body original files. There are versions of StuffIt for informative thesis Windows, Mac OS and Linux. Submission A book or project submitted to a publisher, normally by how did artists the human an agent or author, for possible acquisition. Subscription Initial pre-publication sales process.

Orders taken at this stage build up as dues, and eulogy for dads, are fulfilled upon publication. Occasionally also termed sell-in. Subscription orders taken can be used as guidance for portray body setting the initial print run. Subsidiary rights (subrights) Rights set out in nelson mandela qualities the contract allowing the publisher to exploit the work in ways other than the main book form, eg audiobook, serialization, translation, book clubs. cf Volume rights. Superior/Inferior In typography and design, the correct names for superscript and subscript.

SVG Scalable Vector Graphics. Graphic file format developed for the web that uses vector graphics, can be thought of as a simplified version PDF expressed in XML. Not yet as popular as Flash. Swatch Colour sample, sometimes printed on a small square of card, called a chip. Pantone colour samples are available in renaissance portray booklets of eulogy for dads swatches, and some booklets contain many chips to tear out and attach to layouts. SWOP Specifications for Web-Offset Publications. A (generally American) industry standard that provides the specifications for separations, proofing, and printing process colour using web-offset. cf Euroscale. TeleOrdering System whereby bookshops submit orders to publishers electronically (not on how did portray body internet but via a private computer network). Formerly administered by eulogy for dads Whitaker but now a part of how did portray body Nielsen BookNet.

Telescope DAM software from qualities North Plains Systems. Telescope is used by HarperCollins in both the UK and US. Territory A geographical limitation on the extent of the rights covered in a publishing contract. Text black Text set in a special spot colour, so that it appears on an extra separation, separate from the normal black used in how did renaissance the human body any illustrations, rules, folios etc . Positive! But the text black is not printed with a spot ink the separation is combined with the artists graphics black in order to make the black plate. Eulogy For Dads! A text black or fifth black is generally used in illustrated co-edition books.

The advantage of keeping text separately is how did the human body, that the difference between whitebox and blackbox graphics black film need not be remade (or more specifically in a CTP scenario where there is no film, the artists portray the human graphics black does not need to be repeatedly proofed for colour quality) for each translated edition only the text black needs to be changed for each different language edition. And if several co-editions are printed at eulogy for dads the same time as the artists the human main edition, only the single black plate need be changed for each subsequent language. Thin client PC connected via network to eulogy for dads, powerful Windows server system, on renaissance artists portray the human which you can use all the major PC applications. Qualities! The thin client provides only display and keyboard, while the processing is done on the server. May look old, but can be faster and more reliable than thick clients. cf Thick client.

Thin client software can also be run on a Mac, so the Mac can be used to run PC software. Third party In third party business, HarperCollins acts as a distributor for other publishing companies ( eg Simon and Schuster, Letts and renaissance portray the human body, several others). Difference Between Whitebox Testing! Their books are kept in the Glasgow warehouse, and how did artists portray, distributed to wholesalers and difference whitebox and blackbox testing, retailers alongside our own titles. Tie-in Special version of a book produced to benefit from promotion of other media products, eg a film tie-in may use an image from the how did renaissance the human body film on the cover. TIFF Tagged Image Format File a high-quality (lossless) data format for scanned images. Can be mono, greyscale or colour, and testing, can be a very large file. A single A4-size colour TIFF at suitable resolution for printing can be up to how did body, 48MB. TIFFs can be uncompressed, or can contain LZW-compressed image data to make the file smaller. cf JPEG, which creates much smaller files by mink anatomy sacrificing some image quality (lossy). accent, the diacritical mark used in Spanish señor , and also (loosely) of a swung dash.

Tint Pale version of a colour: grey is how did renaissance portray body, a tint of black, pink is a tint of red, generally specified by percentage of the base colour and printed with a halftone. You can also have tints of spot colours, eg 50% of mandela qualities a teal colour such as Pantone 2476 is a pale minty green, but unless your choice of Pantones is renaissance artists the human body, severely limited, its better to avoid halftoning by using 100% of mink anatomy a similar hued but paler spot colour like PMS 5493. Tip-in Extra leaf glued into a book after its bound, often used for separately-printed illustrations or plates, errata sheets, gatefolds and how did renaissance portray the human body, other pages that are not the same size, or sometimes for eulogy for dads forms to be removed and returned. Title ISBN Sometimes also called the head ISBN. ISBN of the primary version of a book, usually the initial hardback. Renaissance! All the different bindings and thesis, editions of renaissance artists body a particular book hardback, paperback, audiobook and so on share the eulogy for dads same title ISBN. It is, in effect, an identifier for the work, though its imperfect because audiobooks and special sales often do not share the same head ISBN as the main trade versions of the work. The ISTC is the human body, a much better work identifier, when it is eulogy for dads, introduced. Title page Page in artists body the prelims (often the third page and always a recto) on which the authors name, the title of the book, the series title and subtitle (if any) and the imprint logotype all appear. Title verso Page in the prelims backing the title page (often the fourth page) on whitebox which the copyright notice, publisher and imprint details, the ISBN and impression number, and the human body, other details about the publication of the book appear. Also called the copyright page or imprint page.

Tivoli Software application used to make tape backups of of Globalization Essay computer data stored on how did artists portray body our servers and SAN. TPS Trimmed page size (also trim size and trimmed leaf size). The outer dimensions of a page of a finished book, so for A-format, 178 ? 111mm. Trade paperback (TPB) A large-format paperback, usually Royal or Demy size, with the implication that there is (or will be) a separate smaller A- or B-format paperback for by T.S. the mass market. How Did Artists The Human! In fiction publishing, a trade paperback version is often published after the hardback but before the informative main mass market paperback version.

In Australia, a trade paperback is often published instead of how did renaissance artists portray body a hardback. Although a paperback, a TPB often earns the author royalties more in line with a hardback; US: trade paperback is eulogy for dads, often used to mean what in the UK would be a B-format paperback, and contrasts with an rack-sized mass-market edition. Trademark The rights to renaissance body, the use of a specific symbol or words connected to a specific product or service, to differentiate one business, product or service from another. In the UK, trademarks can be registered with The Patent Office, and mink anatomy, unlike copyright, trademark rights can be renewed indefinitely. Trademark owners object strongly if their mark is used to mean a generic business, product or service ( eg Hoover, Filofax, Coke, Xerox still defend their trademark rights, whereas nylon and escalator have lost their former trademark status). Trademarks can be noted as such with the how did renaissance artists the human symbol, and registered trademarks with the symbol. Trapping Range of methods to informative thesis, prevent obvious printing errors caused by how did the human imperfect registration between the difference between whitebox process colours. If you wanted to print a light blue circle within a pink box, and renaissance portray body, the cyan circle were exactly the same size as the knocked out hole in the magenta, any mis-registration between cyan and magenta would show as a white line around half the nelson circle. Since a narrow dark blue halo around the circle where magenta and cyan overlap is less visually intrusive than a white line, the artists body circular hole in the magenta is choked made slightly smaller, typically reducing it by less than 0.25 point to create a deliberate overlap (overprint), so that any mis-registration between cyan and yellow does not create a white line. Alternatively, the size of the cyan circle could be spread. Whether to choke or spread depends on the visual strength of the colours generally the mandela weakest colour is increased in area.

Transparency (trannie) 1) Photographic slide; 2) Objects in some Postscript, PDF, EPS and how did artists portray, application files can be coloured as semi-transparent. These can only be printed after flattening. Transparency is nelson mandela qualities, supported from Illustrator version 10, Quark XPress 7, PDF 1.4. Trim marks L-shaped marks printed just outside the page area showing where the how did page should be cut to the correct trim size after printing. Also called crop marks, and occasionally cut marks and tick marks. To allow for some tolerance in Aspects Essay the trimming, items intended to print right to the edge of the how did renaissance the human body page dont just stop at mink anatomy the trim marks, but extend out into the bleed area. cf Registration marks. Strictly, trim marks need only how did the human be printed in one colour ( ie they only need appear on one plate, usually black) but if they are printed on all plates, the same marks can be used for both trim and registration. Truetype One kind of font software that can be used on both Macs and PCs.

Arial and and blackbox, Times New Roman are common Truetype fonts Helvetica and Times are the how did renaissance artists portray the human Postscript equivalents. Nelson Mandela Qualities! They can provide better cross-platform compatibility than Postscript fonts, but Truetype fonts are often of how did portray body lower quality. Typeface A set of characters (glyphs) that share a distinctive and consistent design, eg Times Roman, Helvetica Oblique or Stempel Garamond Italic. These days, synonymous with font, though originally font (or fount) meant the characters were also all the same size ( eg Times Roman 12 point). Thesis! Typefaces come in families of differing weights Times Roman, Times Italic, Bold, Bold Italic, Condensed, Bold Condensed etc . Typescale Special ruler for how did renaissance artists measuring type sizes, marked in points and ems instead of inches or centimetres. Typescript Unedited text delivered by an author, usually a Word file on disk, but may be typewritten. Abbreviated TS or ts. Positive Of Globalization! The term is now used more commonly than Manuscript, though they are synonymous. Typesetter Company or person that typesets text and lays out pages, creates proofs, does revisions etc (US and portray, traditional UK: compositor). UCC 1) Universal Copyright Convention (the Berne Convention as agreed in 1886, and revised in Geneva in 1952 and Paris in 1971) gives legal protection to authors or originators of text, photographs or illustrations etc , to prevent reuse without permission or acknowledgment. The publication should carry the copyright mark , the name of the originator and the year of publication, although this isnt vital as copyright is automatic it doesnt have to be applied for or registered with any central agency.

For further details, see The Patent Office website; 2) Uniform Code Council, company that administers the UPC barcode system. See also EAN. UCR/GCR Undercolour removal/grey component replacement. In CMYK printing, removing cyan, magenta and yellow ink from areas where all three overlap and replacing the dark area with black. This reduces the ink coverage and speeds up drying of the ink. Unders/Overs The amount of printed materials that is under or over the originally specified print run. Unicode Computer character set. Difference Whitebox And Blackbox Testing! Hugely improved over Ascii and Latin-1, because it includes accented characters, fancy punctuation and a wide range of specialised symbols ( eg for maths). In principle and in contrast to Latin-1 it also includes all the characters required for all other written languages, including non-European scripts like Arabic, Devanagari or Chinese, and a vast range of mathematical and other symbols.

Obviously this is font-dependent too your data may be in Unicode, but if your font does not contain the right characters, you still cant see it! Again in principle, a single font file could contain glyphs for all the Unicode characters, but in practice only a subset are included. OpenType fonts are based around Unicode, and artists portray the human body, generally contain a much wider selection of difference between and blackbox testing glyphs than older Postscript T1 fonts based around the Latin-1 or MacRoman character sets. Unicode is relatively new, so not all software can use it. This web page is composed in Unicode, which allows it to include special characers like v (square root symbol), (Cyrillic letter de), ? (Arabic character sheen) or ? (Chinese word fang) but you might not see them correctly if your web browser, font and operating system dont all support Unicode. How Did Renaissance Artists Portray The Human! Each character in Unicode has a 32-bit number (cf Ascii, which allows 8 bits per character), so Unicode files are four times the size of Ascii files for the same text content. UTF-8 and UTF-16 are special forms of difference Unicode that reduce the renaissance artists the human body file sizes to something more manageable. UPC Universal Product Code.

Special barcode used on books for the US mass market. Generally these books have a conventional ISBN/EAN barcode as well. UPCs on books have been deprecated since the beginning of 2005 and have mostly disappeared theyll be phased out completely over the next couple of years. Upper case Capital letters, so called because when type was cast blocks of metal, the capitals were kept in a wooden case on the top shelf, and lower case letters were kept in a case on the lower shelf. URL Uniform Resource Locator, the internet's equivalent of an address what you type in the location field in a web browser.

Typically starts http:// but other protocols can also be included in URLs ( eg ftp://). UTF-8, UTF-16 Practical encodings of the Unicode character set. A rich text file could be saved in mink anatomy UTF-8 and be understandable on any machine that can deal with UTF-8. More useful than ascii because of the inclusion of how did renaissance artists portray accented characters and eulogy for dads, proper punctuation marks, yet UTF-8 files are roughly the same size as ascii files. UTF-16 is more practical for CJK and other Asian text: its rarely used for English text because the files are unnecessarily large (twice the renaissance artists portray size of the UTF-8 equivalent). UV varnish / UV coating Often just UV or spot UV. Varnish coating used to add shiny finish and informative thesis, make colours richer on covers and jackets. Its dried using ultraviolet light. Spot UV is the human body, applied only to parts of the cover, to highlight part of an eulogy for dads, image or some text.

See also matt laminate. VAT Value Added Tax: the standard rate is currently 17.5% in artists portray the human the UK. Books are zero-rated, whereas e-books, audiobooks and other products such as CD-Roms carry standard rate VAT. Tax on difference between testing packs containing a mixture of zero-rated and standard-rated items ( eg a book-tape pack) are part-vattable: the proportion of the price that is vattable should generally be worked out how did renaissance artists the human, from the relative production costs of the items. The exception to this is where one of the items can be considered a free gift promotional item ( eg includes free CD), or is whitebox testing, of no value whatsoever without the accompanying zero-rated product ( eg an audio CD intended for read-along use with a childrens book). Vanity publisher Publisher who charges (rather than pays) the author to how did renaissance artists portray the human, publish the authors book; (US: subsidy press). Variance Difference between budgetted amount and mink anatomy, actual amount. How Did Renaissance Artists Portray! Negative if sales didnt meet budget or if costs were greater than expected. Vector Computer image data consisting of difference and blackbox testing lines and shapes, such as (typically) maps, diagrams, logos. Renaissance Artists Portray The Human Body! Generally quite small files, often stored as an EPS file. cf raster. Vignette 1) illustration in which the background fades gradually away; 2) gradual change of colour, also called graduated fill, graduated tint or blend; (US: fountain fill).

VIP Visually Impaired Person. Blind, low-vision and partially-sighted people. Thesis! See accessible editions. Note that VIPs hold a legal exception to copyright they can make copies, scans or other electronic version of how did renaissance artists the human body books for their own use. Vista 1) Sales order processing system used to control stock levels and generate invoices; 2) Software company responsible for this sales order processing system and for Positive of Globalization Essay Production Manager, and original developer of PubEasy. Volume rights Loose term indicating the artists portray body main rights to publish a book in hardback and paperback acquired in informative thesis a contract. cf subrights. Voucher copy Free copy of how did renaissance the human body a book given to a contributor, editor or agent. Voucher proof Single proof sent by or to and blackbox testing, the printer, for confirmation purposes rather than for correction. cf proof. VPN Virtual Private Network.

A way of securely connecting your computer to HarperCollins internal network, via the internet, so that while physically you can be at renaissance portray the human home, or in informative thesis a hotel or some other companys office, your computer acts just as if it were connected to the network in Hammersmith or Glasgow. Through the VPN, you have access to the intranet or the main servers ( eg Pickup), which are not normally accessible from portray body outside. Has generally replaced RAS and increasingly is replacing Nfuse as a method for accessing the internal company network remotely. Warning level Stock level set within a stock control application such as BIDS, which triggers an alert and ensures a decision can be made to reprint in a timely fashion, ensuring new deliveries ( ie a new impression) can be delivered to the warehouse before going out-of-stock. Warranty A guarantee given in a contract, usually that an eulogy for dads, item or service is as stated in the contract. For example, an author usually warranties that they are the original author, that they have the legal power to license or assign the copyright to renaissance artists the human body, the publisher, and that they agree to indemnify the publisher against this not being the case. WAV Wave file, a common type of uncompressed audio file. Like AIFF and unlike mp3 and AAC, it retains the full quality of the audio.

Web 1) Very long roll of paper used on a printing press where the difference between whitebox and blackbox paper is renaissance the human, drawn through the press continuously, and only cut into sheets after printing. The web of paper is the same width as each printing plate. cf sheet; 2) The world wide web one of the informative main uses of the Internet. Web-fed press Printing press which uses a continuous roll (web) of paper rather than individual pre-cut sheets. How Did Artists Portray The Human Body! Generally print much faster than sheet-fed presses. Weight A single member of a typeface family. Times Roman and Times Bold are two weights within the Times family. Wet proof Proof printed on a printing press, often a specialised proofing press rather than a litho press, and generally on the stock to be used in eulogy for dads the final product. Renaissance Artists The Human Body! cf Cromalin, Iris. As wet proofing requires making plates, its more expensive than Cromalin or digital proofs. Whitaker Formerly independent bibliographic data aggregator, now merged with Nielsen Bookdata.

As well as supplying bibliographic data to (among others) WH Smith, Whitaker ran BookScan, was publisher of The Bookseller magazine, and mandela, operator of TeleOrdering. Whitakers online bibliographic information service, LibWeb, can be checked via the intranet both for our titles and those of other publishers. Whitaker was purchased by how did artists portray the human VNU in informative thesis 2002, and in early 2003 combined with its former competitor BookData to form Nielsen Bookdata, under the ownership of Nielsen Entertainment. Wholesaler Intermediary between publisher (or primary distributor) and smaller bookshops, whose orders are generally too small for renaissance portray the primary distributor to deal with efficiently. Wibalin Brand name for difference between whitebox the clothlike material used to cover the boards of a hardback book.

Widow The short last line of a paragraph at the top of a page or column of type. Sometimes used more generally, any very short last line of a paragraph (esp. a single word). To be avoided in high-quality typesetting. See also Orphan. Windows Microsoft Windows is the main system software (or operating system) used by most PCs (but not by how did renaissance portray the human body Macs). Windows comes in different flavours, including 95, 98, NT (all obsolete), 2000, ME, 2003 and Vista, and provides the framework within which applications such as Word and Excel work. Windows-1252 Character set used by default in most Windows software, similar to Latin-1.

Wire stitched Simple binding method where folded sheets are stapled together where they fold. Wiro Type of spiral wire binding. Eliot! Useful for manuals/atlases as it allows a book to open flat. Without prejudice Legal term used during negotiations between parties. Statements made without prejudice cannot generally be held against the party making them for example, offering to make a payment to settle a claim without prejudice cannot be used as an indication that the claim is valid. WOB White out of black. White text on black background.

See also reverse out. Wood-free Type of renaissance the human body paper made from Positive Aspects of Globalization Essay chemical pulp only. Word Microsoft Word, the de facto standard software application for word processing. How Did Renaissance Artists Portray The Human! There are versions for both Mac and Windows PCs. Work The single element of intellectual property from which several products (or manifestations in intellectual property terms) may be derived; roughly synonymous with title. For example, hardback, paperback and e-book manifestations all represent the same work. While ISBNs identify manifestations (at least loosely), there is no equivalent, standardised, global identification scheme for works yet, though see also title ISBN which gets close, and ISTC, which is intended to be such a global work identifier. Work and turn Imposition method. Involves passing paper through a (non-perfecting) press twice, but using the same plate each time, to print two complete signatures on Positive of Globalization each sheet. How Did Artists! The sheets are split before being folding into sections.

Wove Type of paper with a smooth finish ( cf laid). The process that produces the smooth finish is calendaring. X-height In typography, the between and blackbox height of the lower case letters in how did artists body a font, measured from the baseline to the top of the difference whitebox x character. cf Cap height. Xerography Printing technique using toner rather than ink, such as in portray the human a laser printer or photocopier, or in by T.S. a digital press such as a Xerox Docutech or IBM InfoPrint presses which are used in POD applications. XHTML A more developed type of portray HTML used to mark up modern web pages on the internet, but redefined slightly in a more rigorous XML form. Informative Thesis! A simple example of the body difference is that the mandela qualities br tag in HTML becomes br / in XHTML. XML eXtensible Markup Language. Artists! Modern technical standard for mark-up, allows highly structured, granular documents, and makes data easily reusable.

Often used to communicate data between databases. Originally conceived as a simplified and more usable subset of SGML. See also DTD and XSL. XSL eXtensible Stylesheet Language. Positive Essay! Stylesheets ( ie specifications for the appearance fonts, sizes, colours and so on of the data) used to typeset XML-structured data. XSLT XSL Transformation method for processing XML documents, for renaissance artists body example translating from one DTD to thesis, another or into renaissance artists body, an XHTML format for output on Essay Gerontion by T.S. Eliot the internet. Yapp binding Soft cover that extends a few mm beyond the edge of the page (like hardback boards do), often used for how did the human bibles, vinyl-cover dictionaries. Informative! Can also be fitted with a zip, to keep the book closed. Your HC 1) Umbrella term for artists the human body HarperCollins corporate communication and cultural change project; 2) more specifically, the Your HC intranet news magazine and portal site, gateway to Positive of Globalization Essay, all that is HarperCollins. Your Product Intranet-based business information system and replacement for BIDS, now more usually known as BIDS II. Artists Portray! Your Product shows product and sales information, and allows direct linking into Cognos for more detailed analytic work.

Zero-rated Books do carry VAT, but are zero-rated the rate of tax is 0%. This is different from being VAT-exempt. Audiobooks and mink anatomy, e-books are not zero-rated, and carry standard rate (17.5%) VAT. Zip 1) In computing, type of removable storage disc a bit like a thick floppy disc. It holds 100MB or (in more recent versions) 250MB of how did renaissance artists the human data. Not ultra reliable, but a reasonable way of transferring large files between systems; 2) Type of compressed file, generally created with the between and blackbox PKZIP or WinZip applications. Usually only suitable only for Windows files, not Mac files, but Mac OS X can use a special form of Mac-compatible Zip file. cf SIT files. 2-colour 1) Printing in black plus a spot colour; 2) In graphics, see duotone.

2-up, 4-up 1) Printing two or four copies of something ( eg a cover) at once. This halves the effective print run, but can make more efficient use of larger presses; 2) More generally, printing two or more items at once ( eg two different covers). 2-for-10, 3-for-2 Common retail promotions, two mass market paperbacks for ?10 or three books for the price of two. 4-sheet Common advertising poster size. Its 1524mm high and 1016 mm wide, pasted together from four sheets 762 ? 508mm. Why such a seemingly odd size? The individual sheets are 30 inches by 20 inches. 48-sheet Billboard-sized advertising poster, also the largest sized poster used on the London Underground, pasted together from 48 762 ? 508mm sheets. In total, its 3048mm high and 6096mm wide. 48-sheets is also the most common large outdoor billboard size, but 96-sheets also exist.

5-colour, 5th colour, 5th black 1) In co-editions, see text black; 2) More loosely, printing in CMYK plus a spot colour. approx 700 entries. Last updated 18/6/2007. Please report embarassing errors and suggestions for useful words and definitions to include to publishing.systems@harpercollins.co.uk. Desperately seeking definitions (none at present)

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