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c unix resume Durham, NC 27713. Wilfred Owen Cases! Seeking a challenging position as a software development engineer in a competitive environment. What Curves! Over 7 years of extensive experience in Oracle Pl/Sql, Pro*C, C, Oracle Database Administration, Unix Shell Scripting (Korn/C/Bourne), C++, XML, ESQL and wilfred owen mental cases, solid relational database skills in is a criticism humanistic perspectives of personality? implementing Client/Server applications. Masters degree in wilfred owen mental cases Engineering with proven backgrounds in importance analysis, design, development and maintenance of wilfred mental cases, computer applications in the areas of Commercial, Financial, Government, Manufacturing and Telecommunications under Unix (HP, Sun Solaris), Linux, Windows NT/2000/98/95 and MS-DOS environments. Essay! Excellent data modeling, data mining, EDI, ETL, data warehousing, analytical and problem solving skills. Highly motivated professional, very good team player with excellent communication skills. Wilfred Cases! Certified Oracle8 DBA Certified Pl/Sql Developer Certified Unix Programmer F ields of Interest. Oracle Development/DBA, C, Pro*C, Unix Shell Scripting, C++, Perl, Object Oriented Analysis and Design. The New World! Project : PRISM ( Pricing Requirements Information System for Marketing ) Designed and owen mental, build an interface that extracts pricing data from Nortel networks web based repository and dynamically generate reports for analysis by max weber e karl marx Marketing division of wilfred, Nortel Networks. The abilities for ad-hoc query and importance of maintenance, keeping track of owen, changes in database are also built into the PRISM datawarehouse. The New World Essay! Played key role in locating and resolving production system battle necks that reduced one of the most critical processes run time by wilfred owen 500%.

Automated the theme, PRISM support system to make it easy for the users to run queries. Worked with business analysts to mental cases, develop and the author theme, implement appropriate business solutions. Involved in wilfred Database administration of the PRISM database including database authentication, database sizing, performance tuning, logical backup recovery, creating segments/tablespaces etc. Of Maintenance! Designed and implemented pre and post processing Pro*C programs for owen cases, the PRISM ETL process. Importance! Designed and developed different Database Objects (Stored Packages, Procedures, Functions, Triggers) using Pl/Sql for PRISM on wilfred owen mental cases various schemas. Created multiple Korn Shell wrappers to The Work of Leonardo, automate PRISM benchmarking batch processes to run on wilfred owen cases cron. Fat Tax Essay! Trained end users on PRISM architecture and Interface. Environment : Oracle 7.3/8.1.6, OEM, Pro*C, Unix Shell Scripts, Pl/Sql 2.2, Sql*Loader, Pvcs, Sql*analyzer, Toad, Clips, C, Sql*Report Writer 2.5, Sql*Forms 4.5, Web objects, XML, SQR, Sql Export/Import, Remedium, Perl, SAS, XML to C parser, HTML, Web Objects, Brio Queries, JAM, MS Excel. 07/1999 - 06/2000: TMA Inc., McLean, Virginia.

Project : TMA Integrated Member Services Solution(TIMSS) Designed, developed and owen mental, supported the membership system which was the Essay, backbone for wilfred owen mental cases, the 24x7 enterprise TIMSS software. Fat Tax Essay! Installed various Oracle tools (like OEM, Sql* Analyser, Sql*Loader, DBA studio, Toad, Sql*Net etc) on windows-NT. Created Pl/Sql scripts that permit speedy troubleshooting of TIMSS problems. Wilfred Owen! Developed and supported the Professional Subscription Easy Access System, a specialized association RDBMS for The New World Essay, TIMSS software. Administered the wilfred, database by Essay resizing the mental, rollback/temporary segments and tablespaces to handle the high volume of incoming data.

Designed and book theme, Implemented solutions to major infrastructure and system performance issues. Wilfred Owen Mental! Performed user requirements analysis and developed data models. Fat Tax Essay! Developed numerous forms, reports and utilities using Oracle forms 4.5, Pro*C, C, Awk, Sed. Wrote several Korn Shell Scripts for wilfred mental, auditing TIMSS database. Designed and implemented a query builder, which allows a DBA/developer to create, test and save queries through the browser using Cold Fusion. Designed and what curves for, build different stored database packages, procedures, functions and triggers for TIMSS, using pl/sql code. Worked as a QA/QC for the TIMSS software. Modified various existing Pro*C reports and wilfred owen mental, Pl/Sql code. Invloved in fat tax essay the data validation of owen mental, data loaded into marx TIMSS tables using Sql*Loader. Wilfred Owen Mental! Designed and developed various SQR reports.

Environment : Oracle, Pro*C, Unix Shell Scripts, Pl/Sql, Sql*Loader, Pvcs, Developer 2000, ColdFusion, Sql*Analyzer, SQR, MS Excel, MS Access, MS Sql Server, Sql Export/Import, Toad, Awk, Sed. Fat Tax Essay! 03/1999 - 06/1999: Deloitte Touche, Trenton, New Jersey. Mental Cases! Project : Tax Redesign System (TRS) for the Department of Labor, NJ. Designed and are solubility curves used, developed different reports for owen, TRS using Pro*C and SQR. Build several Unix Shell wrappers for Pro*C programs to schedule them on of the is a criticism Cron. Wilfred Owen! Wrote different C programs for what, general C library of taxation module. Extensively used Pvcs for version control and analyzed the wilfred owen mental cases, work requests from DOL. Extensive interaction with the team members and marx, users. Cases! Fine-tuned different programs written by other development team members with Sql*analyser, EXPLAIN PLAN, TKPROF etc.

Wrote different C programs to importance, replace the existing Pl/Sql code for owen mental, some applications to make the which is a criticism humanistic perspectives of personality?, jobs run faster. Environment : Oracle, Unix Shell Scripts, Pro*C, C, Pl/Sql, Pvcs, Sql*Analyzer, Sql*Report Writer, Developer 2000, Sql*Menu, Sql*Loader, MS Excel, Sql Export/Import, Awk, Sed, SQR. 05/1998 - 02/1999: Cap-Gemini America, St. Louis, Missouri. Project : Electronic Data Interchange (EDI). Designed and wilfred owen cases, created a database for EDI audit. Designed and coded a number of Shell Scripts to handle the EDI Gentran translator for of Leonardo Essays, different EDI transactions. Wrote number of Shell Scripts (Korn Shell) to handshake E-Commerce tools like Gentran translator, ESS order management system etc.

Designed and wilfred owen, coded different Scripts to load EDI audit database from the The Work da Vinci, ESS database using Sql*Loader . Mental! Worked as a backup Unix system administrator for EDI project for The Merchant of Venice Essay, three months. Designed and created different database objects (Packages, Procedures, Functions) for different EDI transactions at Advantis, Gentran and owen, ESS. Max Weber! Extensively interacted with the wilfred owen, team members and users. Trained end users on systems and applications. Involved in the Unix standards committee for importance of maintenance, code walk thru of other developers programs. Wrote technical documentation and help system for EDI auditing. Environment :Unix Shell Scripts, Pro*C, C, Oracle, Pl/Sql, Sql*Loader, Awk, Sed, Sql*Analyzer, Oracle CASE tools like Generator and cases, Designer, Gentran, Advantis, ESS. Max Weber E Karl! 11/1997 - 05/1998 : Citibank N.A.

Project : Computer Aided Tracking System (CATS). Involved as a core member in cases the design of the author to her theme, CATS, a mission critical OLTP and mental cases, DSS system for Citibank orbital services, during which interacted with most of the users of The New World, security services division of wilfred mental, Citibank, N.A. The Work Of Leonardo Essays! Designed and developed number of wilfred cases, database objects using Pl/Sql 2.2. Designed and what are solubility for, developed CATS order entry follow up system using the mental, GUI tools VB and e karl, FoxPro. Developed batch programs in Pro*C and wrote Scripts to run them on Unix Cron Scheduler. Owen! Designed and of Venice Essay, developed number of screens using Sql*Forms 3.0. Extensively used Sql*Loader for wilfred owen, loading data into the author tables. Worked as a Unix system administrator for wilfred mental, CATS. Environment : Unix Shell Scripts, Pro*C, C, Oracle, Pl/Sql, VB, Foxpro, Sql*Loader, Sql*Analyzer, Pvcs, Sql*Forms, Export/Import, Unix tools like AWK, SED. 02/1997 - 10/1997: Citibank N.A.

Project : Orbital Custodial Services(OCS) . World Essay! Designed and developed programs to wilfred, interact with OASIS and BASIS databases of fat tax essay, Citibank, Singapore using C, Pro*C, Unix Shell Scripts. Owen! Wrote different database objects for OCS. Which Of The Criticism Humanistic Perspectives Of Personality?! Designed and wilfred owen mental, performed Oracle benchmarks for achieving optimal database performance for the OLTP system of which following is a perspectives of personality?, Citibank. Cases! Developed batch programs for DSS in max weber Pro*C and Scripts to run them using Cron scheduler. Designed and wilfred mental, developed number of Essay, screens using Sql*Forms.

Created/Altered the existing custodial VB programs to wilfred owen mental cases, accommodate the new/additional functionality. Wrote different reports and batch programs in Pro*C. Extensively used Sql*Loader for The Work, loading data into tables. Wrote custom support modules for upgrade implementation using Pl/Sql, Unix Shell Scripts and Pro*C. Assisted in writing business requirements, technical documentation etc. for adds on support module and trained end users on custody system application. Wilfred Owen Cases! Trained staff on to her book theme Custody business operations of Citibank. Played a crucial role in cases the OCS support cycle. Extensively interacted with end users and team members. Worked for the Corporate Action and book, objection modules. Wilfred Owen Mental! Environment :Unix Shell Scripts, Pro*C, C, Oracle, Pl/Sql, VB, Sql*Loader, Sql*Forms, Sql*Analyzer, Export/Import.

05/1996 - 01/1997: Citibank N.A. Project : Financial Management System (FMS). The Author To Her Theme! Involved in the design of owen mental, Proofing module, a core module of FMS. Of Leonardo Da Vinci! Involved in wilfred mental cases the ETL process to to her book, map data from multiple operating systems including IBM/DB2, DEC/Oracle, NT/SQL Server and flat files into FMS database. Involved in owen mental the coding of the The Work of Leonardo Essays, mailing functions for Magma, a mail generating system of Citibank, used for their internal purpose. Wilfred! Coordinated with the Essay, users and team members. Involved in the supporting team of wilfred cases, FMS. Fat Tax Essay! Worked for the testing and mental, QA of The Work da Vinci, FMS. Wilfred Owen Cases! Environment : Unix Shell Scripts, Pro*C, C, Oracle, Pl/Sql, Sql*Loader, Sql*Forms, Sql*Analyzer, Export/Import, Unix tools like Awk, Sed, SQR, VB. 06/1992 - 06/1994: Hyderabad Stock Exchange (HSE) Project : Back Office System (BOS).

Designed and developed applications for Information Management module of BOS using Sql*Forms 3.0. Used import/export utilities and Sql*Loader extensively. Developed several stored procedures and functions for BOS backup module. Used to interact with share brokers to do the max weber marx, changes in wilfred owen mental the code according to their requirements. Fat Tax Essay! Wrote some key mapping functions for BOS profile using Unix mapping methods. Coded several on-line applications using Sql*Forms and owen cases, Pl/Sql. Performed unit and max weber e karl marx, system testing for different modules.

Extensively used Korn Shell Scripts for doing manipulations of the owen mental, flat files, given by the share brokers. Wrote Pro*C programs to The New Essay, handshake data with other projects. Developed few reports using Sql*Report Writer. Played a crucial role in the BOS support team. Environment : Unix Shell Scripts, Pro*C, Pl/Sql, Sql*Loader, Oracle, Sql*Plus, Sql*Forms 3.0, VB 4.0, MS Excel, C.

Write My Paper Co - Mental Cases - Wikipedia

Wilfred owen mental cases

Write My Paper Me - Mental Cases - Literature Arts Medicine Database - NYU

Nov 17, 2017 Wilfred owen mental cases,

Write My Paper Please - Mental Cases by Wilfred Owen - Literature and Mental Health - The

resume sur caligula L'historien latin Suétone, généralement assez peu objectif, s'est littéralement déchaîné sur les empereurs de la dynastie Julio-Claudienne. Mental! À cause de lui, de ses biographies à l'emporte-pièce et de ses analyses psychologiques aussi bienveillantes que le bistouri de feu Herr Doktor Mengele, les six Césars Julio-Claudiens, sans exception, pâtissent d'une désastreuse réputation. Cependant, parmi tous ces punching-balls voués à la verve cancanière de Suétone, c'est sans doute le jeune Caligula qui porte la plus lourde croix. Of Maintenance! Le texte que l'écrivain latin lui consacre, ce n'est plus une biographie, mais un recueil de crimes, une compilation d'horreurs ! En fait, personne de sensé n'accorderait le moindre crédit à ce tissu d'invraisemblances que constitue le pamphlet de Suétone s'il n'était, malheureusement, quasiment la seule source dont nous disposions encore pour tenter d'appréhender la personnalité, la vie et le règne de ce pauvre fou de Caligula, cet empereur qui demeure, finalement, l'un des personnages les moins bien connus de toute l'histoire romaine. Deux beaux livres de Cristina Rodriguez : Caligula, de son vrai nom Caius César (ou Gaius Cæsar ) naquit le 31 août de l'an 12 ap. Wilfred Mental! J.-C, sans doute à Antium. Which Following Is A Of The Perspectives Of Personality?! Il était le troisième fils de Germanicus, neveu et fils adoptif du futur empereur Tibère, et d'Agrippine l'Ancienne, petite-fille de l'empereur Auguste. Détail qui n'est pas sans importance, le petit Caius, descendant direct d'Auguste, se trouvait également être, par sa grand-mère Antonia, l'arrière-petit-fils du vaincu d'Actium, le lunatique Antoine. Wilfred Owen! (Voir Tableau généalogique).

Alors que son troisième descendant mâle poussait ses premiers cris (ce ne furent pas les derniers !), Germanicus , l'un des meilleurs soldats de son temps, se trouvait sur les bords du Rhin, fort occupé à guerroyer contre les Germains. Of Venice Essay! Il avait fort à faire : il s'agissait alors de modérer l'ardeur combattive des Barbares qui, sous la conduite de leur chef Arminius, avaient infligé, quelques années plus tôt (9 ap. Mental! J.-C.) une raclée historique au général romain Varus et anéanti ses légions. Of Leonardo Da Vinci! Comme l'heureux nouveau papa ne pouvait en aucun cas quitter son poste, Agrippine, accompagnée de toute sa marmaille (y compris bébé Caius), rejoignit son époux. Wilfred Mental! C'est là, sur la frontière du Rhin, qu'ils apprirent que le vieil empereur Auguste était mort et que Tibère avait accédé au pouvoir suprême. Importance! (14 ap. Wilfred Mental Cases! J.-C).

Ce décès ne changeait pas grand-chose aux espérances politiques et dynastiques du père de Caligula. Fat Tax Essay! En effet, le vieil Auguste avait pris toutes les dispositions utiles pour lui assurer l'avenir le plus radieux. Owen! C'était du tout cuit ! En définitive, ce serait lui, Germanicus, fils adoptif et d'ors et déjà successeur désigné de Tibère, qui hériterait de l'Empire si son père venait à mourir ou renonçait au trône. Importance Of Maintenance! Or, le nouvel empereur n'était plus tout jeune (il avait 56 ans), il était usé par des années de vie militaire et, qui plus est, sujet à de fréquentes crises de déprime. Wilfred Cases! Il suffisait donc que Germanicus attende quelques années, voire quelques mois, pour que, sans pleurs ni grincements de dents, le pouvoir tombe, tout chaud tout rôti, dans son assiette ! (Voir : Succession d'Auguste) Mais les soldats, eux, ne l'entendaient pas de cette oreille ! Pour eux, la désignation de Tibère n'était qu'une farce ! On essayait de les lanterner ! Les Sénateurs de Rome avaient désigné un Princeps ? Soit ! grand bien leur fasse ! Mais eux, ils avaient le droit imprescriptible de choisir un Imperator ! Selon la logique du Principat, cette prétention pouvait paraître légitime : dans le système politique conçu par Auguste (voir ici), le chef politique de Rome, celui que, par facilité, nous nommons empereur , cumulait (au moins) deux fonctions : il était tout autant le chef du Sénat et du Peuple ( Princeps ) que le commandant en chef ( Imperator ) des armées romaines. Fat Tax Essay! Pour les soldats, la question de leur bon droit constitutionnel ne se posait donc pas. Wilfred Owen Cases! Il s'agissait plutôt d'un problème de ressources humaines (comme on which of the is a criticism of the humanistic of personality?, dit - fort mal - de nos jours) : ils voulaient que Germanicus ceigne immédiatement le bandeau impérial plutôt que cette vieille ganache blanchie sous le harnais de Tibère.

De murmures en récriminations, la situation se dégrada très sérieusement. Owen Mental Cases! Plusieurs légions entrèrent en rébellion ouverte. Max Weber E Karl Marx! Les plus excités des soldats offrirent même la pourpre à Germanicus, lui proposant de le mener à Rome afin de l'introniser à la place de son vieux tonton, cet empereur gâteux désigné par des Sénateurs serviles. Germanicus refusa catégoriquement. Cela ne refroidit pas les enthousiasmes ! Comme les légionnaires, de plus en plus insistants, de plus en plus nerveux, devenaient menaçants, Germanicus songea à mettre sa petite famille à l'abri en l'éloignant du camp. Wilfred! Les soldats comprirent alors qu'ils avaient été trop loin. Curves For! Honteux de leur conduite, ils arrêtèrent la voiture qui emmenait Agrippine et ses enfants dans une ville voisine, et, mouillant leurs rudes cuirasses de larmes de repentir, demandèrent à leur commandant en chef qu'il leur épargnât une telle marque de défiance . C'est sans doute à l'occasion de cette réconciliation entre le général et ses légions que, pour flatter l'armée encore échauffée, le petit Caius fut présenté sur le front des troupes, revêtu d'un habit militaire miniature, avec des godillots réglementaires ( caligae ) à sa taille.

D'où son surnom : Caligula (= petits godillots) Après avoir aussi résolument repoussé les offres tentatrices de ses soldats que les assauts des Germains, qui avaient tablé sur une vacance du pouvoir à la mort d'Auguste pour éprouver la résistance de l'Empire, Germanicus fut rappelé à Rome où Tibère lui accorda les honneurs du triomphe (26 mai 17) - le dernier qui honora une autre personne que le souverain régnant. Ses lauriers n'eurent guère le temps de sécher ! À peine Germanicus se fut-il débarrassé des derniers confettis de la fête que l'empereur lui confia le commandement général de l'Orient romain. Owen Cases! Les Parthes, prenant prétexte d'une querelle dynastique venaient d'occuper l'Arménie, un protectorat romain. Germanicus se contenta d'une démonstration de la puissance romaine.

Déployant des forces considérables, mais avec la ferme intention de n'en user qu'en cas d'extrême nécessité, il réoccupa l'Arménie presque sans coup férir et y fit couronner un souverain ami de Rome (18 ap. The Merchant Of Venice! J.-C.). Ce succès facile en amena un autre : la démonstration des légions de Germanicus avait tant effrayé le roi des Parthes qu'il s'empressa d'envoyer des émissaires au jeune prince romain pour négocier la prolongation des traités d'amitié entre son royaume et Rome. Wilfred Owen! En Orient, la paix romaine était assurée pour quinze ans. Pour se reposer de ses fatigues, Germanicus s'accorda un petit voyage d'agrément en Égypte. What Are Solubility Curves For! Il y séjourna quelques mois en compagnie de son épouse Agrippine et de toute sa petite famille, Ensuite, tout ce petit mode revint à Antioche. Mental! C'est là que le père de Caligula tomba gravement malade et mourut (10 octobre 19).

Bien qu'il soit impossible de se prononcer avec certitude, il semble bien que la mort de Germanicus fut naturelle. What Are Solubility! Mais ce ne fut pas l'avis de sa veuve, la fameuse Agrippine (l'Ancienne) . Cases! Pour elle, pas de doute ! Feu son mari avait été empoisonné et c'était le gouverneur de Syrie PIson, aidé de son épouse Plautilla, qui avait versé le poison dans la coupe de son pauvre mari. Importance! Toujours selon Agrippine, ce couple sans aveu avait accompli son forfait sur ordre de Livie, la mère de l'empereur, et, peut-être aussi, qui sait, sur celui de Tibère lui-même ! Évidemment, Agrippine n'avançait pas l'ombre du commencement d'une preuve. Owen Mental! Le corps de Germanicus avait été exposé nu sur le forum d'Antioche et nul n'avait décelé sur lui la moindre trace suspecte. The Merchant Of Venice Essay! En outre, ni Livie ni Tibère n'avaient le moindre intérêt à la disparition de ce brillant jeune homme : l'empereur n'avait jamais eu la moindre divergence de vue avec ce neveu qu'il aimait autant - si pas plus - que son fils Drusus ! En revanche, cette hystérique d'Agrippine, elle, avait tout intérêt à faire de son époux un martyr : plus Tibère était discrédité, plus ses fils (le jeune Caligula était à ce moment le troisième dans l'ordre de succession) avaient de chance de monter un jour sur le trône ! Agrippine ramena à Rome les cendres de son époux Germanicus. Wilfred Cases! À cette occasion, l'émotion populaire fut si vive que l'empereur Tibère fut contraint de promulguer un édit pour ramener le chagrin des Romains dans les limites de la décence. Of Leonardo Da Vinci! Un grand nombre de Romains sont morts pour leur patrie, mais pas un n'a été aussi ardemment regretté.

Il faut cependant savoir se modérer. Wilfred Mental! Ce qui convient peut-être à une famille modeste, à un État quelconque, ne sied pas de même à des hommes de haute condition et à un peuple qui règne sur le monde. Which Of The Following Of The Humanistic Of Personality?! (#133;). Owen! Les princes sont mortels ; seule la République est éternelle. Of The Following Is A Humanistic Of Personality?! Revenez à vos pratiques ordinaires et faites à nouveau place à la joie ! (Tacite, Annales, III, 6 - Cité par E. Wilfred Owen Mental! Kornemann, Tibère , Payot, Paris). Ces sages paroles furent d'autant plus perdues qu'Agrippine s'entêtait à proclamer partout que son mari était l'innocente victime du tyran cruel et sanguinaire qui, au mépris de tout droit, avait succédé à Auguste. What Are Solubility Used! Ses calomnies à l'encontre de Tibère et de sa mère Livie redoublèrent et donnèrent bien vite un sens politique à la tristesse populaire. Owen Mental! Bientôt, le peuple et le Sénat ne se contentèrent plus de pleurer la disparition de Germanicus, mais vouèrent sotto voce l'empereur Tibère aux gémonies.

Foutons ce Tibère de malheur dans le Tibre, ( Tiberius ad Tiberim ) et offrons le trône aux fils du grand Germanicus sur le trône ! commençait-on à murmurer. La mère de Caligula faisait pourtant un très mauvais calcul. Tibère, privé de Germanicus, son meilleur collaborateur, éprouvait de plus en plus de répugnance à gouverner seul. Which Of The! Il cherchait désespérément quelqu'un avec qui partager l'écrasant fardeau de l'État. Owen Mental Cases! Croyant saper l'autorité du vieil empereur pour porter sa propre progéniture sur le trône, Agrippine jeta donc littéralement l'empereur dans les bras d'un homme à poigne, mais dévoré d'ambition et dénué de scrupules : le préfet du Prétoire Séjan . Le démoniaque préfet feignit un moment d'épouser la cause d'Agrippine. Of Leonardo Da Vinci! Leurs intérêts ne convergeaient-ils pas ? Drusus, fils unique de Tibère, etait devenu, à la mort de Germanicus, l'héritier présomptif et trône et un rival potentiel pour les fils d'Agrippine. Owen Mental! Or, justement, Séjan était entré en conflit avec ce Drusus qui, mieux que son impérial papa, avait percé à jour les noirs desseins de l'ambitieux préfet. Celui-ci ne perdit pas de temps. Of The Is A Criticism Of The Humanistic Perspectives! Chaudement recommandé par Agrippine, il séduisit la femme de Drusus, belle-s#156;ur de ladite Agrippine (le monde est petit !) et la poussa à empoisonner son époux.

Le fils unique de Tibère mourut en 23 ap. Wilfred Mental! J.-C. De ce côté, le chemin du trône se dégageait pour les fils de Germanicus#133; Mais aussi pour Séjan ! C'est qu'il avait revu ses ambitions à la hausse, le Préfet ! Maintenant, il jouait cavalier seul et songeait à s'asseoir lui-même sur le trône impérial. Il commença par persuader Tibère de goûter sans crainte aux charmes d'un repos bien mérité dans une retraite paradisiaque tandis que lui-même liquiderait les affaires courantes. What Are Solubility! En 27 ap. Wilfred Cases! J.-C., Tibère se retirait quasi définitivement dans l'île de Capri. Ensuite, il fallait que Séjan se débarrasse des héritiers légitimes de l'empereur. Fat Tax Essay! Cela signifiait qu'il devait discréditer d'abord, puis éliminer toute la famille de Germanicus, sa veuve Agrippine et surtout ses trois fils Nero Cæsar, Drusus III et notre Caius-Caligula. L'empereur étant loin de Rome, Séjan n'eut aucun mal à lui faire accroire que sa vie était très sérieusement menacée par d'innombrables complots qui, tous, émanaient de la veuve de Germanicus et de ses rejetons. Wilfred Owen! C'était prêcher à un converti ! Depuis une bonne dizaine d'année, Tibère exécrait cette hystérique d'Agrippine, elle qui, plus que tout autre, avait sapé sa popularité. Ce n'est pourtant qu'au bout de trois années d'insistance que l'infâme Préfet du Prétoire obtint de Tibère la condamnation de la veuve de Germanicus et de ses fils aînés.

Tous furent déclarés ennemis publics et traités comme tels. Fat Tax Essay! Agrippine l'Ancienne fut exilée à Pandateria et y mourut en 33. Owen Mental! Son fils Nero Cæsar, d'abord exilé au même endroit que sa mère, fut transféré ensuite à Pontia et s'y suicida en 31. Essays! Quant à son cadet Drusus III, il fut emprisonné à Rome et mourut vers 33 seulement, dans des circonstances restées obscures. De l'illustre famille de Germanicus, celle qu'Auguste avait choisie pour hériter de son trône, il ne restait que le jeune Caius - Caligula et deux filles (Agrippine la Jeune, mère de Néron, et Drusilla). Si Caligula avait échappé à la répression, c'est sans doute parce que, depuis un certain temps déjà, il vivait éloigné de sa mère. Cases! En effet, Tibère, soucieux de conserver un héritier de son sang, avait soustrait son plus jeune petit-neveu à l'influence néfaste d'Agrippine et l'avait confié à sa propre mère, la vieille Augusta Livie. À la mort de Livie (27 ap. Fat Tax Essay! J.-C.) Caligula alla habiter chez sa grand-mère Antonia (fille du Triumvir Antoine et mère de Germanicus).

On peut supposer que ce jeune homme qui, plus tard, prétendrait transformer le principat en monarchie de droit divin, fut vivement impressionné par l'atmosphère orientalisante de cette maison, avec son armée de serviteurs égyptiens obséquieux et adulateurs. Après l'exil et/ou la mort de tous les autres membres de sa famille, Caligula fut sommé de rejoindre Tibère à Capri. Owen Cases! Il devait y rester jusqu'à la mort du vieil empereur. Ce séjour insulaire en résidence surveillée lui sauva probablement la vie car, se trouvant sous la protection de son impérial grand-oncle, il échappa à la succession de purges politico-judiciaires dignes de l'ère stalinienne qui ensanglantèrent Rome à cette époque. Tibère, qui avait enfin compris la perfidie de son ami Séjan, mobilisa ses dernières ressources morales et physiques pour abattre le démoniaque préfet (31 ap. The Merchant Of Venice! J.-C.). Cases! Ce combat inexpiable contre celui que le vieux souverain considérait comme son alter ego sonna le glas de ses dernières illusions sur la nature humaine. The Work Da Vinci Essays! Désespéré, l'empereur abandonna les hommes à leur perversité et le pouvoir à l'infâme Macron . Owen! Celui-ci, promu préfet du prétoire en remplacement de ce Séjan qu'il avait contribué à abattre, put sans encombre établir une tyrannie digne de son prédécesseur, aussi sanglante et aussi arbitraire. Of Leonardo Da Vinci Essays! Rome mourrait de peur et de délation.

Les procès pour lèse-majesté se multipliaient. Wilfred Cases! Ceux qui ne périssaient pas craignaient pour leur vie ! L'aristocratie sénatoriale romaine était décimée ou s'inclinait devant le nouveau tout-puissant Préfet du Prétoire. Il est donc fort peu probable que le jeune Caligula, dont toute la famille avait été condamnée pour crime de haute trahison, eût pu sortir indemne de ce nid de frelons qu'était la Rome de Macron. Max Weber E Karl Marx! Dans un tel contexte de suspicion généralisée et de dénonciation universelle, mieux valait pour lui languir d'ennui sous l'aile protectrice (et sans doute fort suspicieuse) de son grand-oncle Tibère que de s'exposer à l'atmosphère miasmatique de la capitale. Cela dit, si l'on accorde foi aux assertions de Suétone quant au règne scandaleux de Caligula, on wilfred mental, peut aussi se poser la question de savoir si la survie de ce prince à toutes ces épreuves fut réellement un bienfait pour l'humanité#133;

Puisque l'on nage en pleine histoire-fiction, une autre question, bien plus intéressante, mérite d'être posée : Le vieux Tibère avait-il décelé les défauts, voire la folie de son petit-neveu ? Et si oui, pourquoi ne remit-il jamais en cause les droits de Caius-Caligula à sa succession (à égalité avec ceux de Tiberius Gemellus, son petit-fils) ? Trois éventualités peuvent se présenter : Tibère était parfaitement conscient de toutes les tares de son successeur, mais, souverain cruel et misanthrope à l'extrême, il lui aurait quand même confié les rênes du gouvernement, en parfaite connaissance de cause : Ah ! ces satanés Romains m'en ont fait voir des vertes et des pas mûres ! Et bien, je leur réserve un chien de cette chienne d'Agrippine ! Après moi, le déluge !. C'est, naturellement, ce que Suétone laisse entendre - sans avoir l'air d'y toucher - quand il écrit ( Vie de Caligula , XI) : Ce vieillard très perspicace (Tibère) l'avait si parfaitement percé à jour que bien souvent il prédisait que Caius vivait pour sa perte et que lui-même nourrissait en son sein un serpent qui dévorerait le peuple romain ! . Importance! Dame ! Suétone n'allait pas rater une si belle occasion de noircir d'un seul coup la réputation de deux Julio-claudiens à la fois ! Tibère trompé sur la marchandise . Tibère n'était pas précisément ce que l'on appelle un fin connaisseur de l'âme humaine. Mental Cases! Pendant son règne, il accorda toute sa confiance à (au moins) deux individus qui ne la méritaient absolument pas : ce Pison qui, sans avoir empoisonné Germanicus, adopta néanmoins à son égard une attitude proche de la haute trahison, et, naturellement, l'infâme préfet Séjan. En ce qui concerne Caligula, le vieil empereur, sans doute un peu gaga, se serait, à nouveau, lourdement trompé sur le caractère d'un de ses proches. Da Vinci! Certes, se serait-il dit, Caius assiste avec une joie non dissimulée aux plus cruels supplices ! Certes il fréquente les bordels, séduit les dignes matrones et aime les danses et les chants lascifs ! Mais n'est-ce pas là le lot de toute cette jeunesse dorée romaine ? Et puis, le temps adoucira ses m#156;urs ! Ça lui passera avant que ça ne me reprenne ! (Voir Suétone, Vie de Caligula , XI ). En outre, toujours aux dires de Suétone, ce bougre de Caligula aurait été doué pour la dissimulation, ce qui, naturellement, n'était pas de nature à favoriser la perspicacité du vieux Tibère ! Jamais, par exemple, il ne manifesta la moindre plainte quant au sort des autres membres de sa famille : Il témoignait d'une telle patience, aussi bien à l'égard de Tibère que de son entourage, que l'on peut dire de lui, non sans bonnes raisons, que jamais il n'y eût meilleur esclave ni plus mauvais maître (Suétone, Vie de Caligula , X ) Caligula, sain d'esprit à Capri. C'est sans doute l'hypothèse la plus vraisemblable : avant de monter sur le trône, le jeune Caius ne montra aucun signe de démence.

C'est d'ailleurs - aussi - ce que semble dire Suétone, quand, après avoir relaté les premiers mois du règne de Caligula, une période, ma foi, assez heureuse pour Rome, il annonce emphatiquement : Jusqu'ici, nous racontions l'histoire d'un prince. Wilfred Mental Cases! Le reste, ce sera celle d'un monstre . Da Vinci! (Caligula, Vie de Caligula , XXII) Quant à cette dissimulation que le même Suétone lui reproche si véhémentement, elle ne fut, naturellement, que la plus élémentaire des règles de survie d'un jeune garçon isolé dans un milieu hostile à l'extrême. Dans les derniers mois du règne de Tibère, Caius Caligula, quoique le plus souvent retiré à Capri au chevet de son grand-oncle, parvint néanmoins à sortir de son isolement pour préparer son avenir en nouant quelques relations fort précieuses. Le prince iduméen Hérode Agrippa , petit-fils d'Hérode le Grand, était venu à Rome pour dénoncer son oncle Hérode le Tétrarque (celui qui fit décapiter Jean-Baptiste) devant le tribunal impérial. Owen! N'obtenant pas satisfaction auprès du vieux Tibère, il fit sa cour à son héritier Caligula et devint son ami.

Un soir, lors d'un banquet bien arrosé, il formula à haute voix un souhait : Je prie chaque jour, dit-il en substance, pour que l'éclatant soleil de Caligula éclaire enfin le monde et que l'on porte à six pieds sous terre le vieux débris qui n'en finit pas de pourrir à Capri !. On le devine, ces propos imagés ne furent pas du goût dudit vieux débris : Hérode Agrippa s'en alla épouser les geôles impériales. Importance! Régime strict, eau d'amertume et pain de tribulations ! Il demeura six mois en prison. Owen! Le temps que son v#156;u se réalise, que Tibère meure et que son vieux pote Caligula, devenu empereur, le tire de son cul-de-basse-fosse. Following Is A Criticism Of The Of Personality?! Nous verrons plus loin que la reconnaissance du nouveau César envers celui qui avait prophétisé son avènement ne se limita pas à cet élargissement (voir : Caligula et les Juifs) Avec une intelligence confondante pour un jeune homme qui n'avait, jusque-là, occupé aucune fonction politique (on y avait veillé !), Caligula parvint aussi, dans les derniers mois du règne de Tibère, à entrer dans les bonnes grâces du deuxième personnage de l'État, le tout-puissant Préfet du Prétoire Macron. Cela dit, je ne sais trop s'il faut accorder foi au récit de Suétone qui prétend que, pour s'assurer des faveurs du Préfet, Caius séduisit sa femme, lui promettant même de l'épouser s'il parvenait au trône ! Personnellement, j'ai beaucoup de peine à imaginer Macron, personnage réputé féroce - plus encore que le démoniaque Séjan ! - dans ce rôle de cocu magnifique et complaisant. Mental! À mon avis, planter des cornes au frontal brutal de ce forcené ne constituait probablement pas le meilleur moyen de s'attirer ses bonnes grâces ! Quoi qu'il en soit, et quelles que fussent les méthodes employées, quand Tibère expira enfin (16 mars 37), Caligula accéda au pouvoir suprême sans que les cohortes prétoriennes de Macron ne mouftent. Signalons également que le récit des historiens latins (Suétone et Tacite) d'un prétendu assassinat de Tibère est peu crédible. Max Weber! À les en croire, Caius et Macron, réunis au chevet d'un empereur qui ne décidait pas à mourir, auraient vainement tenté d'ôter l'anneau impérial de l'auguste doigt.

Constatant alors que le moribond Tibère respirait encore et résistait, les deux acolytes l'auraient étranglé après l'avoir étouffé sous un coussin. Tout cela semble peu vraisemblable. Wilfred Owen! Pourquoi, alors qu'ils avaient d'ors et déjà définitivement gagné la partie, Macron et Caligula auraient-ils tout compromis par un geste inconsidéré ? Pourquoi auraient-ils risqué de tout perdre, vie et bandeau impérial, alors que les jeux étaient faits, l'affaire dans le sac, le match plié ? En l'absence de toute source historique fiable, il est assez difficile de comprendre ce que fut réellement le Principat de Caius. Certes, les historiens antiques (Suétone en particulier) relatent, parfois même par le menu, nombre d'actes du jeune empereur#133; Mais comme le Caligula qu'ils nous décrivent est réputé fou, toutes ses initiatives nous paraissent automatiquement marquées du sceau de la démence ! D'autant plus que les écrivains antiques ne mentionnent jamais les motivations du quatrième césar. Une seule chose paraît certaine chez Caligula, c'est sa volonté de rompre définitivement avec le passé, de jeter aux oubliettes le triste règne de Tibère et d'établir le Principat sur de nouvelles bases.

Or, le Principat, ce régime politique qu'Auguste avait substitué à la République sénatoriale, n'était rien d'autre que la réunion de pouvoirs de natures variées entre les mains d'un seul homme : pouvoirs militaires, populaires, sénatoriaux et sacerdotaux. Fat Tax Essay! En fonction des préférences politiques et de la personnalité de l'individu qui l'exerçait, ce véritable fourre-tout institutionnel pouvait donc accoucher d'une monarchie parlementaire ou de droit divin, d'une dictature militaire ou prolétarienne. Auguste, grâce à son sens politique et son affabilité, avait pu concilier harmonieusement les divers éléments de ce pouvoir composite. Wilfred Owen Mental! Son successeur Tibère, lui, n'y était pas parvenu et avait tenté de gouverner l'Empire avec l'aide du Sénat de Rome. Curves! Cela avait été un échec : les Sénateurs étaient bien trop serviles, et le Prince bien trop hautain ! Tombée sous la coupe de ministres tels que Séjan et Macron, minée par la délation, la monarchie constitutionnelle oligarchique dont rêvait le successeur d'Auguste s'était bien vite transformée en une dictature militaire arbitraire et sanglante. Caligula, lui, tira la leçon de l'échec de Tibère. Puisque, malgré sa toute bonne volonté et sa modestie, son grand-oncle et prédécesseur n'avait pu se faire aimer ni se faire obéir, il prendrait, lui, le contre-pied de sa politique ! Tibère, arguant de son statut de simple mortel, avait repoussé dédaigneusement toute velléité de déification ; son petit-neveu Caius, lui, serait l'objet d'un culte divin ! Descendant du dieu Jules et du dieu Auguste, n'était-il pas, lui aussi, dieu vivant ? Le seul dieu vivant ? C'est bien cette prétention à la royauté divine qui constitue l'une des caractéristiques majeures du règne de Caligula. Wilfred Owen Mental Cases! D'ailleurs, quand Suétone relate les folies du jeune césar, ne commence-t-il par celle-là qui est, selon lui, à l'origine de toutes les autres : Après un souper qu'il avait donné à des rois venus à Rome pour lui rendre leurs devoirs, il les entendit se disputer entre eux sur la noblesse de leur origine, et s'écria : N'ayons qu'un roi, qu'un chef auquel tout soit soumis.

Et il s'en fallut de peu qu'il ne prît aussitôt le diadème et ne convertit l'appareil du pouvoir souverain en insignes de la royauté. Is A Of The Humanistic! Mais, comme on owen, l'avertit qu'il avait surpassé la grandeur des princes et des rois, il commença à s'attribuer la majesté divine . What Are Solubility Curves! (Suétone, Vie de Caligula , XXII). C'est sans doute aussi à cette volonté de transformer le Principat augustéen en une monarchie absolue et divine qu'il faut relier ces amours incestueuses de Caligula avec sa s#156;ur Drusilla , que rapporte avec tant de jubilation ce bon Suétone. Peut-être Caligula voulut-il imiter les mariages consanguins des pharaons égyptiens. Owen Cases! C'est possible#133; Ou bien alors, plus simplement, c'est l'historien latin Suétone qui, une fois de plus, en remet une couche . Fat Tax Essay! Lui et sa plume malveillante transforment la déification posthume de Drusilla en amours incestueuses, alors qu'il ne s'agissait peut-être que de l'expression - excessive - du chagrin - légitime - de l'empereur. Wilfred Mental! Peut-être aussi, en rendant le plus éclatant des hommages à sa petite s#156;ur tendrement aimée et trop tôt disparue, Caligula voulait-il glorifier la famille de Germanicus, cette dynastie impériale que les dernières années du règne de Tibère avaient tant éprouvée et que les manigances de sa mère Agrippine avaient tant desservie. Durant les huit premiers mois de son règne, Caligula gouverna sagement. Fat Tax Essay! Quittant Capri où le vieux Tibère venait de rendre l'âme (16 mars 37), il se rendit d'abord dans les îles de Pandateria et de Pontia où il recueillit les cendres de sa mère et de son frère. Wilfred Owen Cases! Ensuite, il gagna Rome où il prononça l'éloge funèbre de l'empereur défunt, promit de gouverner avec le Sénat, brûla publiquement toutes les lettres de délateurs, et ordonna de grandes fêtes, histoire de ragaillardir le peuple et d'asseoir sa popularité. Importance Of Maintenance! Après la terreur des dernières années de Tibère, l'Empire respirait à nouveau#133; Ça ne dura pas ! Caligula tomba gravement malade en automne 37 et l'année suivante, il était complètement siphonné.

Toute la suite de son irracontable règne ne fut que déraison, débauche, perversion, fureur, crimes et orgies sanglantes. Ce n'est qu'au bout de quatre ans de folie furieuse qu'un quarteron de militaires, lassés des extravagances de ce barjot hystérique et malfaisant, l'assassinèrent, lui et sa petite famille. Cela, c'est la version officielle du règne de Caligula, celle que nous livre son biographe Suétone. Mental! Mais, le moins que l'on puisse dire, c'est que de nombreuses zones d'ombre subsistent !Nous ne disposons d'aucun renseignement sur les causes de la folie de l'empereur. Which Following Is A Of The Perspectives Of Personality?! Fut-elle provoquée par la mystérieuse maladie de l'automne 37, ou résultait-elle d'une tare génétique ? Mystère et boules de gomme#133; On parla aussi d'empoisonnement. L'historien Suétone évoque ( Vie de Caligula, L) un philtre que lui donna Cæsonia (son épouse) et qui n'eut d'autre effet que de le rendre furieux . Wilfred Owen Cases! sans que l'on ne puisse exactement déterminer si ce philtre était un remède ou un poison ni si le geste malheureux de Cæsonia ressortissait d'une erreur médicale ou d'une tentative de meurtre. Certains auteurs modernes, comme Robert Ambelain, ont pourtant tranché - non sans une louable prudence, il est vrai - en faveur de la thèse de l'empoisonnement : À cette époque à Rome, règne une célèbre empoisonneuse, Locuste.

Elle sera mise à mort à Rome en 68, sous le règne de Galba. Marx! Elle avouera, sous la torture, avoir fourni le poison qui fit périr Britannicus. Owen Mental Cases! Comme on The Merchant of Venice Essay, ne lui demanda pas de détails sur ses relations avec Cæsonia, il n'y a donc qu'une présomption pour qu'elle ait également fourni celui qui rendit fou Caligula. Owen! Observons toutefois que les solanées entraient pour une part importante dans la composition des philtres de mort, car elles entraînaient des troubles préalables qui pouvaient faire croire à une maladie cérébrale. Of Leonardo Essays! Mais si le philtre était insuffisant, si le sujet, traité à temps, pouvait échapper à la mort, il y avait malgré tout des séquelles graves, et des troubles cérébraux en résultaient immanquablement. Wilfred Cases! Il en était de même en cas d'ingestion de poisons à base mercurielle, lésant lentement, mais irrémédiablement le cerveau. What Curves Used! (R. Mental! Ambelain, la Vie secrète de saint Paul , chap. The Merchant! 21).

Alors je sais bien que cette Cæsonia n'a généralement pas fort bonne presse, elle qui, depuis la parution des écrits de Suétone, traîne une fâcheuse réputation de vieille peau lubrique. Wilfred Owen! Mais ce n'est quand même pas une raison pour l'accuser sans preuve d'un attentat où elle n'avait rien à gagner ! L'attachement de Cæsonia à son époux était d'ailleurs si bien de de notoriété publique qu'après l'assassinat de Caligula, ses meurtriers ne prirent pas le risque d'encourir la vengeance de sa (toute fraîche) veuve : ils la trucidèrent quelques instants seulement après que son impérial époux eut rendu l'âme. À mon avis - mais il n'existe pas de preuve - si poison il y eût, il faut plutôt chercher du côté de la s#156;ur de Caligula, l'ambitieuse Agrippine, mère du futur empereur Néron. Fat Tax Essay! Elle n'était certes pas femme à reculer devant un fratricide, cette mégère qui, à ce que l'on prétend, empoisonna son mari, l'empereur Claude, et viola son propre fils pour garder prise sur lui. Cases! En outre, en octobre 39, deux ans après la fameuse maladie de Caligula, Agrippine fut impliquée dans une dangereuse conspiration contre son frère l'empereur et condamnée à l'exil.

Cela dit, et même s'il n'entre naturellement pas dans mes intentions de réhabiliter la mémoire de Caligula, je ne suis pas sûr du tout que Caligula fut aussi fou que Suétone le prétend. Which Following Is A Criticism Of The Humanistic Of Personality?! Cet écrivain à la solde du parti sénatorial est trop violemment et systématiquement hostile au quatrième césar pour que nous puissions prendre toutes ses assertions pour argent comptant ! Cependant, déséquilibré, Caligula le fut donc sans doute. Wilfred Cases! C'est d'ailleurs le contraire qui eût été étonnant ! Comment Caligula, jeune homme qui manquait si cruellement d'expérience politique n'aurait-il pas été grisé par les fastes du pouvoir, par l'omnipotence qui lui était subitement conférée ? En outre, comment n'aurait-il pas été éprouvé psychologiquement, ce Caius qui, depuis sa plus tendre enfance, avait vécu dans la peur et la suspicion ; lui qui, dans son plus jeune âge, avait vu mourir son père et avait été arraché à l'affection de sa mère, puis qui avait été contraint d'assister, sans mot dire, à l'élimination de la quasi-totalité de sa famille ? Mais était-il fou pour autant ? Le portrait physique que Suétone dresse de Caligula est terriblement accusateur : Caius avait la taille haute, le teint très pâle, le corps mal fait, le cou et les jambes extrêmement grêles, les yeux enfoncés, les tempes creuses, le front large et menaçant, les cheveux rares, le sommet de la tête dégarni, le reste du corps velu. E Karl! Aussi était-ce un crime capital de regarder d'en haut quand il passait, ou de prononcer le mot chèvre pour quelque raison que ce fût. Mental Cases! Son visage était naturellement affreux et repoussant, et il le rendait plus horrible encore en s'étudiant devant son miroir à imprimer à sa physionomie tout ce qui pouvait inspirer la terreur et l'effroi. The Merchant Of Venice Essay! Il n'était sain ni de corps ni d'esprit. Wilfred Owen! Épileptique dès son enfance, dans l'âge adulte il était quelquefois sujet à des défaillances subites au milieu de ses travaux ; et alors il ne pouvait ni marcher, ni se tenir debout, ni revenir à lui, ni se soutenir. E Karl Marx! (#133;) Il était surtout en proie à l'insomnie ; car il ne dormait pas plus de trois heures par nuit ; encore ne jouissait-il pas d'un repos complet. Wilfred Owen Mental Cases! Son sommeil était troublé par de bizarres fantômes. Importance! Une fois entre autres, il rêva qu'il avait un entretien avec la mer. Wilfred Owen Cases! Aussi, la plus grande partie de la nuit, las de veiller ou d'être couché, tantôt il restait assis sur son lit, tantôt il parcourait de longs portiques, attendant et invoquant plusieurs fois le jour. Fat Tax Essay! (Suétone, Vie de Caligula , L). Que voilà un portrait qui concorde parfaitement avec l'idée qu'on se fait couramment d'un dément#133;Un joli cocktail de tares génétiques, physiques et psychiques ! Même si l'on admet que le portrait de Suétone, évidemment poussé au noir, recèle quelques traits véridiques, il y a encore quelque chose qui cloche. Wilfred Owen Cases! Si l'on parcourt une chronologie objective, épurée de tout sensationnel, du Principat de Caligula (voir par exemple celle du site Tiberius13), on which of the following criticism humanistic perspectives of personality?, constatera que l'activité de l'empereur Caius n'apparaît pas foncièrement désordonnée, même en tenant compte de l'inexpérience de ce jeune souverain ainsi que de la brièveté de son règne qui l'empêcha probablement de mener à leur terme la plupart de ses projets.

Comme bien d'autres dirigeants de Rome, il gouverna les provinces d'une main de fer, il se débarrassa d'un rival encombrant (Ti. Owen Cases! Gemellus, le petit-fils de Tibère que celui-ci lui avait donné comme collègue), il réprima des complots (celui de Lepidus et Gaetulicus, dans lequel sa s#156;ur Agrippine était aussi impliquée) et entreprit des expéditions militaires. Which Of The Of The Humanistic Of Personality?! Rien de fondamentalement inhabituel ! En revanche, les détails fantaisistes que fournit à l'envi la biographie de Suétone fourmillent d'invraisemblances. Un exemple parmi d'autres : En septembre 39, Caligula entreprend une expédition militaire en Germanie et en Bretagne. Malgré les effectifs considérables qui avaient été engagés, cette campagne n'aboutit à aucun succès probant.

Bon, d'accord ! Mais les campagnes militaires du divin Auguste dans cette région n'avaient pas toutes été couronnées de succès non plus. Wilfred Mental Cases! En fait, on are solubility for, pense plutôt aujourd'hui que si l'empereur Caius avait réuni tant de troupes au Nord de l'Empire, ce fut moins pour donner une leçon aux Barbares que pour réprimer cette très dangereuse conspiration de Lepidus et de Gaetulicus que je viens d'évoquer. Or, sur le canevas - authentique - de cette expédition militaire aux objectifs stratégico-politiques obscurs, Suétone ( Vie de Caligula , XLIV) brode une foule de détails des plus incongrus. Wilfred! Selon lui, Caligula, aurait cassé ignominieusement des officiers qui n'étaient pas parvenus à suivre ses mouvements de troupes désordonnés. Fat Tax Essay! Pour d'autres motifs futiles, il aurait dégradé de vieux centurions primipiles alors que ceux-ci n'étaient plus qu'à quelques jours de la quille. Owen! L'empereur Caius aurait même ordonné aux soldats de ramasser les coquillages sur la plage pour les exhiber lors de son triomphe comme dépouilles de l'océan ! Vous les imaginez, vous, ces redoutables légionnaires romains, en train aller à la pêche aux moules, moules sur la plage ? Avec des barboteuses, des petites pelles et des petits seaux en plastique rouge, sans doute ? Vous pouvez m'en croire : ces féroces soldats de l'armée de Germanie, qui, quelques années plus tôt, avaient voulu renverser l'empereur Tibère rien que parce sa tête ne leur revenait pas, n'auraient pas supporté le dixième de ces avanies ! Un empereur qui aurait fait preuve d'injustice envers les vétérans ou qui leur aurait ordonné les jeux de plages décrits par Suétone n'aurait pas survécu trente secondes à ces ordres insanes ! Faut-il réellement parler de l'épisode du cheval Incitatus ? Voici ce que rapporte Suétone ( Vie de Caligula , LV) : La veille des jeux du cirque, il ordonnait à des soldats d'imposer silence à tout le voisinage pour que rien ne troublât le repos de son cheval Incitatus. What! Il lui fit faire une écurie de marbre, une crèche d'ivoire, des housses de pourpre et des licous garnis de pierres précieuses. Owen Mental Cases! Il lui donna un palais, des esclaves et un mobilier, afin que les personnes invitées en son nom fussent reçues plus magnifiquement. Essays! On dit même qu'il voulait le faire consul #133; Pourquoi pas ? Tout se laisse écrire !#133;

Alors je sais bien que Jean-Charles Pichon, dans son provocateur (mais souvent très ingénieux) Saint Néron , considère cette promotion inouïe de la race chevaline comme une démarche d'ordre mystique. Owen Mental Cases! Caligula aurait abusivement interprété le symbolisme du changement d'ère astrologique, les signes qui devaient manifester le passage de l'ère du Bélier à celle du Poisson. Fat Tax Essay! Par ses folies (ou prétendues telles), Caligula aurait donc poursuivi un objectif précis. Mental! Il voulait annoncer l'avènement d'un nouveau dieu, d'un Dieu poisson, à la fois Dieu d'eau, Dieu du Bien et Dieu messager. Fat Tax Essay! Mais Caligula - quinze ans avant l'avènement de Néron - a pris au pied de la lettre les leçons des astrologues. Wilfred! Du plus vieux symbole sagittaire, le Cheval, il a fait son meilleur ami, Incitatus, celui qui incite, qui envoie. Fat Tax Essay! Aux Dioscures, la tête tranchée, il a prêté sa propre tête. Cases! Amant d'Isis, il attendait de la Vierge qu'elle lui donne l'enfant-dieu. Which Is A Criticism Humanistic! Maître de la mer, enfin, il a multiplié les ports, les digues, les phares.

Il a même suspendu, dans l'île de Bretagne, l'ardeur de ses légions pour contraindre les soldats à lui cueillir de fabuleux trophées marins : les coquillages nacrés où s'anime l'arc-en-ciel . Owen Mental Cases! (Jean-Charles Pichon, Saint Néron , e/dite histoire). Moi, je crois quand même qu'il est plus simple de considérer l'épisode du consulat putatif d'Incitatus comme une invention de plus du bon Suétone#133; Un Suétone qui, par ailleurs, ne semble pas plus sûr que cela de ce qu'il avance. On dit qu'il voulait le faire consul, écrit-il. Caligula ne fut probablement ni un mystique abusé ni un fou sanguinaire. What Curves Used For! Ce fut plutôt un jeune homme qui manquait d'expérience politique et que le pouvoir absolu grisa, un garçon que les aléas de sa jeunesse avaient fragilisé psychologiquement mais pas au point d'être incapable de régner. Cases! Tout le reste, ses caprices, ses débauches, ses orgies, ses crimes, bref toutes les folies qu'on lui attribue, ne sont vraisemblablement que des exagérations ou des inventions d'historiens partiaux et hostiles. Pour complaire aux bons empereurs de la dynastie antonine, qui avaient si heureusement succédé aux Julio-claudiens et aux Flaviens, et qui rémunéraient si grassement les plumes mercenaires, il fallait inventer un genre littéraire nouveau, le portrait irrévérencieux d'un mauvais empereur du temps jadis avec anecdotes salaces. Suétone s'en chargea admirablement et sa biographie de Caligula fut exemplaire à cet égard ! À peine monté sur le trône, Caligula s'empressa de récompenser Hérode Agrippa , ce prince iduméen qui avait, d'une certaine façon, prophétisé son avènement. Curves! Il le tira du cachot où Tibère l'avait fait jeter, puis lui octroya une flopée de provinces situées au Nord-Est du Jourdain (tétrarchies de Philippe et de Lysanias, c'est-à-dire Gaulanitide, Batanée, Trachonitide et Auranitide). Wilfred Owen Cases! Plus tard (39 ap.

J.-C.), Hérode Agrippa recevra aussi de son ami l'empereur Caius la tétrarchie de Galilée, confisquée à son beau-frère Hérode Antipas. Used For! Et ce n'est pas tout, après la mort de Caligula (41 ap. Wilfred! J.-C.), l'empereur Claude lui octroya le titre royal et agrandit encore ses domaines en y adjoignant la province romaine de Judée, ce qui revenait presque à reconstituer à son profit le vaste royaume juif d'Hérode le Grand. Mais n'anticipons pas ! Lors de sa sortie de prison, Hérode Agrippa, avec sa réputation douteuse de courtisan ambitieux, n'était pas encore doté d'un prestige susceptible d'émouvoir les foules ! C'est pourquoi, quand le prince juif fit une courte escale à Alexandrie d'Égypte en rejoignant ses nouveaux domaines, les Grecs de la ville, antisémites de longue date, le brocardèrent impitoyablement. Importance! C'est vraiment trop drôle ! s'exclamaient-ils.

Quel beau roi en vérité que cet homme coupé qu'un incompréhensible caprice du Prince a fait passer, en un seul jour, des chaînes de fer (du cachot) à la chaîne d'or (de la royauté) . Pour les Juifs alexandrins, ces plaisanteries racistes furent comme la goutte de vinaigre qui fait déborder un calice d'amertume. Cases! Ils représentaient un bon quart de la population de la ville, ils y étaient installés depuis de nombreuses générations, et pourtant, ils ne bénéficiaient toujours pas des mêmes droits municipaux que les Grecs. The Merchant Essay! Ajoutez à cela que le Préfet romain Flaccus était un homme autoritaire et borné, aussi rétif aux arguments théologiques des rabbins qu'aux injonctions impériales de respecter la différence religieuse du peuple juif. Wilfred Mental! Le bougre s'était même fendu d'un discours antisémite pour contester à ses administrés hébraïques leur droit légitime au repos du shabbat : Si une invasion soudaine de l'ennemi, un débordement du Nil, un incendie, la foudre, la faim, la peste, un tremblement de terre ou tout autre malheur se produisait le samedi, resteriez-vous encore tranquillement chez vous ? Ou selon votre habitude vous promèneriez-vous dans les rues les mains cachées dans vos habits pour ne pas être tentés d'aider ceux qui feront le sauvetage ? Ou resteriez-vous dans vos synagogues en réunion solennelle à lire vos livres sacrés, à expliquer les passages obscurs et faire des sermons prolixes sur votre philosophie ? Non, mais sans perdre un moment vous chercheriez à mettre à l'abri vos parents, vos enfants, la fortune et ce qui vous est cher. The Work Of Leonardo! Or, voilà, moi, je suis tout cela à la fois : tempête, guerre, inondation, foudre, famine, tremblement et fatalité, et cela non en abstrait mais en force présente et agissante (Philon d'Alexandrie, cité par Léon Poliakov, Histoire de l'Antisémitisme , vol I). D'injures en invectives, le ton monta entre les deux populations rivales d'Alexandrie. Owen Mental Cases! Bientôt ce fut l'émeute, le pogrom puis une guerre civile interethnique. L'éviction du préfet Flaccus (en 38) calma un peu les esprits. The Work Of Leonardo Da Vinci Essays! Les Juifs profitèrent de ce court répit pour envoyer à Rome une délégation conduite par Philon, un docteur de la Loi réputé, afin de dénoncer à l'empereur les exactions des Grecs.

Ceux-ci ne demeurèrent pas en reste. Wilfred Cases! Ils expédièrent eux aussi une ambassade à Caligula pour se justifier. Of Venice! Il est vrai qu'ils s'étaient mis dans de sales draps : en insultant Hérode Agrippa, ami de l'empereur, n'insultaient-ils pas l'empereur lui-même ? Caligula reçut les deux délégations rivales, mais fut assassiné avant d'avoir pris position sur le problème. Wilfred! Il reviendra à son successeur Claude de trancher, ce qu'il fera plutôt en faveur de la communauté juive d'Alexandrie (voir ici). Curves! On peut cependant penser que l'arbitrage de Caligula eut été sensiblement différent.

En effet, à la fin de son court règne, le jeune empereur avait eu certaines raisons de douter de la bonne volonté des Juifs - et son pote Hérode Agrippa - à son égard. Il faut dire aussi qu'il avait poussé le bouchon un peu loin, le César Caius ! Avec le plus grand sérieux du monde, il avait ordonné qu'on plaçât une statue à son effigie dans la Saint des Saints du Temple de Jérusalem ! Dix ans plus tôt, le préfet Ponce Pilate avait déclenché une émeute religieuse sanglante rien qu'en introduisant dans la Viille Sainte les emblèmes des légions ornées d'un petit médaillon représentant l'empereur ! Alors, avec une statue blasphématoire dans le lieu le plus sacré du saint sanctuaire, ce n'est plus quelques extrémistes barbus et frisottés que l'armée devrait mâter mais tout un peuple révolté, comme au bon vieux temps des Macchabées ! Excédé par le niet catégorique du peuple juif, Caligula ordonna à Petronius, le préfet de Syrie, de marcher sur la Judée à la tête de ses légions, de briser toute résistance, fût-ce au prix du massacre de toute la population et d'installer enfin sa statue dans le Temple. Wilfred Owen Mental! Petronius, homme intelligent, comprit tout l'intérêt de temporisation : il fit semblant de partir en guerre contre les Juifs, puis, arrivé en Galilée avec son armée, feignit d'être sensible aux arguments des Juifs. Importance Of Maintenance! Il revint alors à Antioche et écrivit à l'empereur pour lui faire part des objections des Juifs. Owen Cases! Avec les aléas de la navigation entre la Syrie et Rome, c'était toujours quelques semaines - voire quelques mois - de paix gagnées#133; Hérode Agrippa tenta lui aussi de détourner Caligula de son dangereux projet. Which Of The Is A Of The Humanistic Perspectives! Comme l'empereur voulait lui faire un cadeau, il répondit (grosso modo) : Tu m'as déjà tant donné, ô César, que je craindrais d'abuser de tes bontés. Owen Mental Cases! Je ne te demande donc aucun bien matériel, mais simplement une faveur qui te vaudrait, à toi, la gloire d'être pieux, et à moi m'attirerait la reconnaissance éternelle de mon peuple. Importance Of Maintenance! Je te demande donc rien, d'autre que de ne plus songer à faire ériger ta statue dans le Temple des Juifs ! (Voir Flavius Josèphe, Antiquités Judaïques , XVIII, 296-298)

Ces interventions ne fléchirent nullement la volonté de Caligula ! Sa déification, c'était la pierre angulaire de son règne, la cerise sur le gâteau de son principat ! Hérode Agrippa n'avait donc qu'à se coller ses scrupules religieux où il pensait, et Petronius n'avait qu'à obtempérer sous peine de mort ! Ces ordres - les derniers de Caligula - ne furent jamais exécutés ; entre-temps, l'empereur avait été assassiné.

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A daughter's college essay about something painful in her life. Someone once told me that hate is a strong word. Wilfred Mental Cases? I completely agree. There are not many people in this world that I can honestly say that I truly hate. It takes a great deal of hurt, anger, and deceit to hate someone.

But when you think about it, in many ways hate and love come hand in hand. People go through hard times and everyone has problems of their own. Fat Tax Essay? But does that give you a reason to “hate” someone? When I hear the word hate, only a few things come to mind and one of those things is my Dad. There are two sides to my Dad, one that I love to death, and one that I hate from the wilfred cases, bottom of fat tax essay my heart. As a kid, my Dad lived a pretty average life. He lived with his Mother and Father and his two brothers. Cases? He grew up with money, went to school, had friends, a lob… a rather average life. The only thing that was not average about his life was that he had an alcoholic in the family. The Merchant? His father.

Growing up with an alcoholic in the family increases the cases, chances of becoming an e karl, alcoholic by 50 percent. When my parents got married, they promised each other that they would not let alcohol get in the way of anything because they knew from experience how terrible that “disease” could be. Being an owen, alcoholic is considered a disease and it is something that many people simply do not understand. They don’t know how awful it can be and e karl, how many people it can effect outside of owen mental themselves. Max Weber Marx? Unlike them, I know exactly how awful it can be. My Dad is an owen cases, alcoholic. Both of importance of maintenance my Dad’s brothers were alcoholics when they grew up, just as their own father was. Their lives changed because of this and as of wilfred owen mental today, they are both recovering alcoholics. They know what it’s like, they know about the struggles that come from it, and they know it because they experienced it. The Merchant Of Venice? Like my father, I lived a more than average life. I lived with my two parents, brother and sister.

I played sports ever since I was four years old, I did almost every extra curricular activity I could and wilfred owen cases, I successfully made it through twelve years of what used schooling. We always had money, never a ton, but always enough to get by without worrying. My parents were very supportive to my siblings and I and were always there for us. Owen Cases? My parents were never drinkers, except for the few beers my Dad would drink on of Venice Essay, the occasional Sunday. Wilfred Owen Mental? It’s hard to say when my average life turned upside down, but my last memories started sometime during my high school career. My Dad and I always got along so well. We never argued and he was such a kind person. He was always willing to be there for me and always encouraged me to The Merchant of Venice Essay, try harder. Once he started drinking was when our relationship changed completely. I don’t fully recall how old I was when he began drinking more heavily because he was exceptionally discreet about it.

I was also very nave. My Dad must have been very secretive about this because he got it past my brother, my sister and I for years, not so much my mother. My most distant memory of his drinking is from my junior year in wilfred owen mental, high school. He worked everyday and is a of the of personality?, as the time progressed, he began never making it home for dinner. He began coming home later and later, each day stumbling a little more than usual. He was nasty.

He was mean. He was cruel. He was not my Dad. Mental Cases? Although he was never a violent drunk, he displayed his wickedness through his words. He was constantly angered by the fact that my family and I were always in his face about his drinking. He began avoiding us at all costs. He was never around and when he was, he was always doing his own thing. By my senior year in are solubility curves for, high school, our relationship had completely fallen apart.

I refused to acknowledge him when we was drunk and wilfred mental, I couldn’t even bare to be around him. It wasn’t until one average night of my senior year that the hate that I feel for him today began to kick in. It was probably eight or nine o’clock at night when he came home. E Karl Marx? He claimed he was “working late” but we all knew that wasn’t true. He was at the bar. I was in my room doing homework while the rest of mental my family was downstairs watching TV before bed. The Merchant Of Venice Essay? I heard screaming and yelling back and forth between everyone, so I went to see what was the matter. My Dad’s eyes looked as though they had a layer of water over them. I have never seen them so glossy and bloodshot before. I started to yell at him and owen mental cases, he began getting angry with me and was screaming at the top of his lungs as his face turned bright red.

This was the first time in of maintenance, all my life where I can remember him actually screaming at me and cases, getting in my face. E Karl? He was not my Dad. I was filled with rage and hate. It was that night that I lost all respect for him. I was tired of wilfred owen his stumbling through the door every night and not being there for his family anymore. I was tired of not having my Dad. I wanted everything to importance, go back to the way they used to be. It was that night that I slapped my father in the face.

Not in a million years would I ever think that I could be brave enough to slap my father in the face, but I did. The way I look at it is that I didn’t hit my father in the face; I hit the man that I didn’t know in the face. I hated that man with all of my heart. Wilfred Owen Mental? Today, 43% of Americans have been exposed to alcoholism in their families. 43% is max weber e karl just a number to the 57% percent of people who haven’t experienced it. Owen Cases? Alcohol is a depressant and The Work, should be drunken cautiously. Studies have been proven that alcoholism is a disease. I believe it to wilfred owen mental cases, be true but I also feel as though diseases are not something that you can “choose” not to have. Being an alcoholic is something that you can choose not to be. Scott Russell Sanders stated in his essay “Under the Influence”, that “He drank because he chose to, pure and simple.” Like my Dad, his was also an alcoholic.

If one chooses to drink, then they will drink. Bottom line. My Dad chooses to drink. The night I hit my father, my outlook on max weber, everything changed. Watching him speak disrespectfully to my Mom, as well as my brother and sister truly hurt me. Wilfred? I was in shock. I continued to finish my senior year, while I watched my family feel the The Work of Leonardo da Vinci, pain from my Dad.

Of course I felt it too, but I always stayed away. I avoided seeing my Dad in that state of mind. I did everything I could to stay out of the house. Mental Cases? Today, I somewhat regret not getting involved as much as I should have. Even now, being away at college, I again am away from it all. Which Following Is A Humanistic Perspectives Of Personality?? I despised seeing my own father like that and wilfred owen mental, I loathed the smell that flowed out off of his mouth.

I didn’t like one thing about him. I’m not a person that always expresses their feelings to of Venice, other people and this subject is cases one that I rarely ever talk about. My fathers drinking has broken me down many times to the point where I have cried myself to sleep. It has broken my heart. It has taken away my kind, loving father that I once had. The Work Of Leonardo? I believe that from every situation, leaves a place for someone to grow. Dwelling over something should not be how people live their lives.

More so than me, this has affected my brother, sister and mostly my Mom. Seeing the hurt and anguish on mental cases, my mothers face on Essays, a daily basis absolutely kills me. I feel for her more than I do myself and I would do anything to make things better for her. Wilfred Mental? My Dad, being an fat tax essay, alcoholic is one of the wilfred mental cases, most stubborn people I know and he refuses to quit drinking. Knowing he is ruining my family a little more each day, he still continues to drink. As of today, February 19, 2010 my Dad still drinks. He is choosing to tear our family apart. Until he stops drinking, I will not forgive him for what he has done.

Everyone deserves a second chance; all he needs to do is criticism prove that he wants one. In my eyes, he is mental cases a drunk and I do not consider him my father. He has not been here for me for the last two years, if not longer and I am choosing not to be here for him as long as he is The Work of Leonardo da Vinci going to drink. Wilfred Owen Mental Cases? The day I hit him will live with me forever. The fact that I don’t talk to da Vinci, him and don’t give him the respect that a daughter should give to wilfred owen, her father, must deep down bother him greatly. I know that my father misses me as well as everyone in The Merchant of Venice, my family, but right now alcohol is his first priority. If he ever realizes what is important to him, he will hopefully get help and go back to wilfred mental, being the da Vinci, father that I once knew, loved and respected.

Until then, my feelings of hate, are too far overpowering. I lost my father to alcohol. Have you suggested your daughter check out ACOA? What did your husband say when you shared the. Very sad, the pain we inflict on others with our desire to drink. © 2017 Sober Recovery.

All rights reserved. Use of wilfred mental cases this site constitutes acceptance of Sober Recovery's Terms of Use, Privacy Policy, Cookie Policy, and Health Disclaimer. The material on this site is for informational purposes only, and is not a substitute for The Merchant of Venice, medical advice, diagnosis or treatment provided by owen mental cases, a qualified health care provider.

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Example Of Opinion Essay Essays and Research Papers. Opinion essay Opinion essay is a formal piece of owen mental essay writing which presents the . author’s point of view on a particular subject supported by fat tax essay, reasons and examples . The opposing viewpoint is also suggested, it goes with arguments that show that it is unconvincing. A Successful Opinion Essay Consists of: An introduction where the topic and the author’s opinion are stated clearly. Wilfred Cases! A main body where viewpoints supported by reasons are presented in several paragraphs. This section has also the. Education , Essay , Mobile phone 792 Words | 3 Pages.

? Opinion Essay Some people use marijuana for Essay, health purposes, some just use it to get really high. Smoking marijuana . isn’t as bad as it seems to others. Wilfred Owen Cases! Obviously lighting something on fire and importance, inhaling it wouldn’t seem as if it’s good or healthy for you. Mental Cases! That’s why people get the The Work Essays wrong impression. I believe marijuana should be legalized because there are more positives to owen mental it than negatives. Marijuana can help people medically and help the economy. Ironically other substances that are. Bipolar disorder , Cancer , Disease 898 Words | 4 Pages. Name Demeshov Yerkebulan ID 20121754 Opinion Essay Music is the best type of . Art What is art?

Everyone knows about it, but could you say a lot about music? May be yes, may be no. The Work Of Leonardo Da Vinci! Music is the best type of art. Before proving it , let’s talk about what music means. Music is an art form which medium is sound and silence. In many cultures music is an owen, important part of people.

Music contains all their history. Max Weber E Karl Marx! May be for someone music is just. Aesthetics , Art , Medicine 929 Words | 3 Pages. Name Date Opinion Essay An opinion essay tells what the writer thinks or feels about a topic. Wilfred Owen! . People have different opinions about which humanistic perspectives things. In an opinion essay , you write your opinion about owen cases a topic. When you write an opinion essay , you choose a topic about which you have strong feelings.

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Cryptid , Ghost , Loch Ness Monster 1320 Words | 5 Pages. ?John Doe Professor Mansito ENC 1101 12:00-1:50 21 October 2013 Essay 1 Sexuality: The 1950’s to Today Sexuality, like many other . things in our world, is an ever changing thing. The ideas and connotations surrounding it change from generation to generation. Because of this, the wilfred owen idea of sex in of Venice Essay, the 1950’s is owen mental cases completely different from the fat tax essay idea of sex today. Today, sexuality can be expressed in owen, almost anything we do.

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over the use of Stem Cell Research. Stem Cell Research? I don’t even know what that means! All I do know is that those stinking Democrats support it, which . Fat Tax Essay! means I automatically have to owen mental cases be against fat tax essay it. You can’t possibly expect me to actually have an opinion on something as complicated as this! The basis for the things I oppose is simply spite. Spite for the Democrats. If a Democrat supports it, I oppose it!

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BBI20 Assignment#5 Opinion Essay on wilfred owen mental Inventions 1st March 2011 In my opinion , the most important invention of . all time in the history of human civilization and enterprise is the internet. Why the internet? Simply because I believe this invention has made the world a better place. In almost everything we do, we need the Internet. Whether it is to look for a job, research for what are solubility curves for, a project or even find love.

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Duncan I of Scotland , James I of England , KILL 849 Words | 3 Pages. Example of a Well Structured Essay. Example of a well structured essay . The content isn’t that exiting and the conclusion is quite weak, but there are many good . points to wilfred cases make on the way the essay is structured and max weber e karl, the way the information is put across. Wilfred Owen Cases! All my comments are highlighted thus. A good introduction. • Does the fat tax essay job of clearly defining the topic covered in the essay and owen, the specific aspects which will be discussed. See in particular last sentence of introduction. ( We will be looking at the structure of introductions. Causality , Environmentalism , Essay 1501 Words | 5 Pages. Definition Of Friendship Example Essay. of friendship. Consider the purpose, audience, and context of of maintenance your article. Organize your ideas and details effectively.

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Firstly, you have Holden; a teenager who is not always the brightest bulb in the cabinet, but he has a clear understanding. Adolescence , Novel , Question 1140 Words | 3 Pages. ?In this essay , it is about the journal article that I had presented in the Journal Club. In the wilfred mental following, I am going to summarize the . concerned clinical issue / practice presented in max weber e karl marx, the journal article. Wilfred Owen Cases! In the second part of the essay , I will analyze the concerned clinical issue / practice and relate to which of the humanistic my prior learning and/or experience. Next, I will discuss on what I have learned from the concerned clinical issue / practice. Lastly, I am going to recommend strategies to facilitate my learning.

Health care provider , Illness , Implantable cardioverter-defibrillator 839 Words | 3 Pages. ? Opinion Essay Options Karisa Horsch Professor R. Owen Cases! Sorrell HIST 136; Opinion 2, 3, 6 March . E Karl Marx! 7th 2013 Industrialists Vs. Mental! Workers Opinion Option #2 Today, the which United States is known for being a big, beautiful powerhouse of complex industrial systems and with these industrial systems, bridges have been built, factories have been produced, inventions and workers have been put to work and owen mental cases, thus, a new age industry arise. It’s hard to exactly pin-point. 19th century , Immigration , Immigration to the United States 1048 Words | 4 Pages. Descriptive Essay 1) Definition: Descriptive essay is one of the many types of what are solubility used for writing styles that provides a detailed . description for a particular person, place, memory, experience or object. Descriptive essay is purposely created so readers can readily imagine its particular subject matter. Wilfred Cases! It focuses on the five senses which are sight, smell, touch, sound and taste.

2) Example : Spring Everyone has a comfortable place to escape to for relaxation. They go there when they need to be. Hearing , Odor , Olfaction 1017 Words | 4 Pages. Opinion Essay: Is Television Good or Bad for American Society? Assignment taught by Dr. Sally Lozada. PART I Throughout the next four modules, you will plan and develop an argumentative essay . Your . Essay! homework assignments will consist of: Module 1: Taking a Stance Module 2: Developing an Outline Module 3: Providing Body Paragraphs Module 4: Submitting the Completed Essay Taking a Stance Below is the mental topic for Essay 1. Max Weber! Essay 1 Topic Television is an interesting form of entertainment. With a proper cable subscription, one’s television can display.

Logic , Obesity , Rhetoric 1160 Words | 6 Pages. ELEMENTS OF AN ESSAY Preliminary Remarks Following are some suggestions to help you write an acceptable academic- level essay . . Owen Mental! This is not the which of the following criticism of the only way to organize and develop an essay . It is, however, a tried and true system and will likely be what your TCC instructors require of you. Audience and owen mental, Purpose Before beginning, you should consider both your audience and purpose. For, before you can know how to importance approach the subject, you must determine whom you will be addressing, how much they already. 2005 albums , Essay , Five paragraph essay 1430 Words | 5 Pages. statement in this argument? 3. What’s the topic sentence of the writer’s personal view?

4. Note down some of the transitions used in this argument: 5. What . is the wrap-up in this essay ? Rhetorical Devices Find the following devices in this argumentative essay . Wilfred Mental! There might be more than one example of each. Annotate the essay to da Vinci show these features. Owen! Use of personal pronouns Exclamations Hyperbole Imperatives Juxtaposition Modern idioms and trendy phrases Non-sentences Repetition Rhetorical questions. Arc de Triomphe , Food , Hamburger 683 Words | 3 Pages. Steven Vanous Opinion essay 131-17 One of the most debated topics of max weber e karl marx today in America is wilfred owen Health Care.

How can we make it . better? How can we fix the major flaws? How can we, as a country, provide every American citizen with proper adequate health care? These are very good questions. I’m just your average citizen and which of the is a criticism humanistic, I figured it out. The answer to all these questions, and owen cases, many more asked by The Merchant Essay, Americans, is very simple.

Adopt a “Socialized Health Care” system just like the one that’s been used. Health care , Health care in the United States , Health economics 1156 Words | 3 Pages. Example Literary Essay : The Giver by Lois Lowry Example Introduction Paragraph: “The real voyage of wilfred owen mental cases discovery . consists not in e karl marx, seeking new landscapes, but in having new eyes.” This quote by Marcel Proust speaks of discovering what?s right in front of wilfred cases you by of Venice, seeing it differently, with “new eyes.” The main character, Jonas, in owen mental, Lois Lowry?s The Giver goes through a similar experience when he discovers his “Capacity to See Beyond.” Jonas begins to see his Community differently, with an fat tax essay, awareness or. Lois Lowry , Newbery Medal , The Giver 856 Words | 3 Pages. childhood can become set principles we live by in later life or can influence the decisions we make to give us our 'world view' aswe can not find other . examples due to wilfred cases age. Things such as age, gender and commuity will also play a part in shaping the The Merchant Essay effects of your world view.

A World view is described by wilfred cases, many different people in various ways for example Samovar and Porter (2003) (citing Rapport and Overing 2000) will describe a world view as 'the common English translation of the e karl marx German word “Weltanschauung”. I Shall Be Released , Learning , Life 1025 Words | 3 Pages. that a person should only set fairly easy and wilfred mental, attainable goals for importance of maintenance, themselves. Now my attitude is that you should pursue what makes you happy, and you . shouldn’t let struggles stop you. When I read examples about following a passion, overcoming a fear, and being persistent in your efforts, my prior opinion began to change. Owen Cases! In the book Blake first describes his journey with creating and growing TOMS.

Blake was on a vacation trip in The Work da Vinci, Argentina when he realized the locals tremendous need for cases, shoes. 1083 Words | 3 Pages. create flashcards for free at Sign In | Sign Up StudyMode - Premium and Free Essays , Term Papers Book Notes Essays . Book Notes AP Notes Citation Generator More Code Napoleon and are solubility used for, “Declaration of the Rights of Man” Comparison By wis2cool, april. 2013 | 5 Pages (1064 Words) | 1 Views | 4.5 12345 (1) | Report | This is a Premium essay for upgraded members Sign Up to owen access full essay DID YOU LIKE THIS? TELL YOUR FRIENDS. Send Code Napoleon and fat tax essay, “Declaration.

Age of Enlightenment , Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen , French Revolution 632 Words | 4 Pages. small, cute animals are “slowly crushed or impaled by women wearing heels,” reports David Michael (2010). These videos were banned in 1999 by the Supreme . Court, until the federal law had overreached, and the law was overturned. These acts are clear examples of cruelty towards animals, and can never be truly justified. If we take the rights steps, in owen cases, a warranted and honest manner, then we can stop animal abuse, and save future species from an unruly and unjustified future as slaves to man-kind. . Animal cruelty , Animal Liberation Front , Animal rights 1055 Words | 3 Pages. Jun.

17, 2013 ESSAY WRITING ESSAY . – A short literary composition of an what, analytical, interpretive, or reflective kind, dealing with its subject in mental, a non-technical, limited, often unsystematic way and, usually expressive of the author’s outlook and of maintenance, personality. - An attempt. TYPES OF ESSAYS – Personal – Describes how you feel about someone or something. YOU are at the center . . Article , Essay , Essays 622 Words | 3 Pages. Example MBA admission essay The world of finance and business is a complicated and ubiquitous arena, and the axis around which . Wilfred! most of of the following humanistic of personality? our society’s most important issues move. Mental Cases! Having worked for a number of years in a multitude of administrative positions, I feel in many ways as though I have merely skimmed the surface of a field that is brimming with professional opportunities. The pursuit of a Master’s in Business Administration will enable me access tap previously unused resources in max weber marx, my own. Administration , Business , Business school 873 Words | 3 Pages.

? Essay 1 The methods of political control used by the Han and Imperial Roman Empires were different, as in the degree of citizen participation . in government because of how each empire utilized it to control the people. Wilfred Owen Mental! However, the use of theologies to justify rule was a similar method used by the two empires because it allowed leaders to win over the people in more ways than one. In addition, the of the following is a criticism humanistic perspectives use of militaries to control the mental cases population and outlying territories was a similar method because. Ancient Rome , Byzantine Empire , Constantine I 2376 Words | 6 Pages. ART-O-METER scale essay Music is a form of expression; it is art, and what makes it of highest or lowest value can often be a matter of . personal choice. There are, however, universal ways of looking at a song’s value. First, one can analyze a song based on the message the writer wants to reveal. Words construct meaning, which ultimately reveals a theme, and of maintenance, the power of the theme helps listeners decide a song’s worth and universal impact.

Closely linked to a song’s theme is the song’s literary. Aspect of music , Broken heart , Fiction 1377 Words | 4 Pages. How to write an argumentative essay. Give your opinion . Argumentative Essay How to write an owen, Argumentative Essay : Outline, Structure, Format, . Fat Tax Essay! Examples , Topics How to write an argumentative essay ? The leading tone in an argumentative essay is the mental position of proving that the presented point of view is the correct one and possesses more truthful arguments than any other opinions . The author through proper reasoning, inducting and making conclusions, must prove the assertions or the theories of the fat tax essay argumentative essay . If the author. Essay , Essays , Five paragraph essay 569 Words | 3 Pages.

! Analyzing Essay Psychologist Martin E. P. Seligman’s article “On Learned Helplessness” talks about what happens when people go through . Owen Mental Cases! traumatic events and how the handle the situations. Seligman ` studied the conditions that can lead to feelings of fear, helplessness, depression, and competence. The Merchant Of Venice Essay! By applying his theories and ideas I will analyze the mental cases article “Gunman Kills Himself After Hostage Drama” by Charles P. Wallace and Tim Waters. In the article by Wallace and Waters, a twenty-six. Depression , Emotion , Harry Dean Stanton 990 Words | 4 Pages.

Definition Essay How to write a Definition Essay : Outline, Format, Structure, Examples , Topics Writing a . definition essay A definition essay is an of maintenance, essay concentrated on the explanation of the meaning of wilfred mental cases a definite term. The term may be analyzed from the position of one and only meaning and max weber marx, also from the position of subjectivity of the person defining the term. This classification divides the words into two groups: •material terms – a table, a door, a printer. Wilfred Owen! •spiritual terms – friendship. Causality , Cosmological argument , Definition 2125 Words | 7 Pages. ? ESSAY IS A WRITTEN EXPRESSION OF WRITER'S DIRECT OPINION . THAT OPINION IS BASED ON OUR BELIEFS. now belief is of . further two types: 1. changeable (where there is fat tax essay tendency to change the opinion ) 2. non-changeable ( opinion is in just yes or no; agree or disagree) basically the changeable opinion is our thesis statement. * every thesis statement is opinion but every opinion is not thesis statement. types of cases essays ' topics: 1. open topics on which writer's own tendency to max weber e karl prove his opinion. Belief , Creative writing , Critical thinking 474 Words | 2 Pages. Name: Andrew Gordon Subject: Exp201, Professor Morales Summary Assignment Forerunners Sei Shonagon: Hateful Things Essay question: . Consider Sei Shonagon’s definition of the word ‘hate’ in the Heian era. Is an opinion considered hostile if it focuses on honesty and transparency of wilfred owen cases a situation? “Hateful Things” is an which of the following is a criticism of the perspectives, opinionated extract from the book “Pillow Talk” written by Sei Shonagon. Pillow Talk is a collection of the lists, desires, poetry and judgmental conversations by mental, Shonagon. Sei. Essay , Heian period , Japan 1371 Words | 4 Pages.

Example of an Ethnolect Based Essay. travelled, can appreciate humour, and what are solubility, that he would like to be perceived as an educated person with further academic goals. Wilfred Owen Cases! The phonological features of a . person’s speech are the The Work most obvious signposts to his or her origins or mother tongue. For example , Bill pronounces the ‘not’ in ‘not really’, ‘correct’, ‘just’ and ‘want’ by ending with a glottal stop (/?/), rather than the wilfred mental voiceless consonant (/t/). This occurs as final consonants are much less frequent in Mandarin than in English and thus they. Australian English , British English , Dialect 953 Words | 3 Pages. 1 AN OPINION COMPOSITION When you are writing an essay that asks you to marx discuss a topic or give your opinion on a . question, it is important to owen organize your thoughts and present your arguments clearly and to work out the fat tax essay structure of wilfred cases your essay before you start to write. 1. Plan four or five paragraphs: 2. 3. Fat Tax Essay! 4. 5. Wilfred Owen Mental Cases! - an introduction (saying why it is important, what the situation is. ) - two or three paragraphs in max weber marx, support of the argument/ giving a contrasting or different view (with reasons). Developmental psychology , Essay , Learning 1697 Words | 5 Pages.

Wind” essay by Verlyn Klinkenborg and then answer the following questions: . opinion /18fri4.html?_r=1 1. Explain how the author describes the wind in owen mental, three sentences? Provide one quote from the essay . 2. Copy down at least three descriptions that connect to which of the is a criticism at least three of the wilfred mental following senses: a. visual b. taste c. hearing d. touch e. Max Weber E Karl Marx! smell 3. Wilfred Owen! Write down the author’s main point. Actually copy his main point from the essay so I. Essay , Following , Plutarch 1249 Words | 4 Pages. every reader's question: So what? Supportable - A thesis must be a claim that you can prove with the evidence at hand (e.g., evidence from your texts . or from your research). Your claim should not be outlandish, nor should it be mere personal opinion or preference (e.g., Frederick Douglass is what are solubility used my favorite historical figure.) Precise - An effective thesis statement has been narrowed down from a very broad subject. Your claim should not be something on wilfred owen mental which whole books could be written. . Argument , Frederick Douglass , Logic 1094 Words | 5 Pages. Essay Development Learning Team B COM/172 September 10, 2010 The ultimate success or failure of a paper may often be traced back to . the planning stages. What might you do to provide yourself with the best opportunity to criticism perspectives succeed when writing our college papers? Planning is the most important tool we can use to create an effective essay . Owen Mental! When we plan accordingly, we are setting the max weber e karl marx right expectation for completing our assignment.

We take the time to create an effective outline and use. Begin , Essay , Pop music 1304 Words | 4 Pages. watching. Mary Chastain writes for and as a concerned parent, she mostly covers semi-controversial subjects of the news that focus on wilfred cases mental . health issues of children. The Merchant Essay! She inserts herself into wilfred owen cases her articles with compassion and marx, lets her opinions flow.

Any mother or father would certainly feel the compassion in owen mental cases, her words and which of the following criticism humanistic of personality?, might trust her judgment just by knowing that she is wilfred a mother herself. Not knowing this information could skew your view of her articles. If I did not know she was. Parent , Psychology , SpongeBob SquarePants 1056 Words | 3 Pages. of a highly successful career is the amount of fat tax essay respect we receive from our peers. Cases! We are respected because of our expertise and e karl marx, our knowledge.

We stand out . Mental Cases! above the fat tax essay average person. Owen Mental! We are noticed, loved and admired by many. Our opinion is valued. Other people's opinions are high of us. In our local community, we are thought of of Venice as being a vivacious and charismatic leader. Everyone wants to be around us because we make him or her feel good about themselves, and wilfred mental cases, we help boost his or her self-esteem. Happiness , Need , Poverty 846 Words | 3 Pages. anyone believe that they were a witch. This is what curves used also seen as injustice because it is definitely not fair or moral. In The Crucible, Miller uses character to . show that just because someone is different could possibly mean that they were witches.

An example of character in wilfred cases, the film was when Giles Corey had just asked how someone’s day was and a fire had made flames. This made him convicted to being a witch just because how creepy people had seen him as. Justice cannot be seen here because justice is. Arthur Miller , Daniel Day-Lewis , John Proctor 899 Words | 3 Pages. Essay Structure: The Secret To A Good Essay. Essay Structure: The Secret To A Good Essay Essays are like the people that write them; each one is unique . and da Vinci Essays, individual. A good essay topic seems the owen cases most important aspect for a paper; but if the writer can’t effectively convey their argument or idea in a fluid procession the paper’s topic will not matter. A writer needs to capture their audience in the most successful way and structural elements are a contributor to that. In the The Work of Leonardo da Vinci Essays essay , Graffiti: Art or Vandalism, the author effectively.

Art , Banksy , Eyesore 943 Words | 3 Pages. Descriptive Essay Example We all know college is hard; if it were easy, everyone would have . a degree and no one would ever ask for help. But here at Crafton Hills College, tutors are available to help out students in any way, so that those who struggle can do well and be successful. These mentors don’t just lecture, they take the time to wilfred make sure students understand and comprehend what is being taught. Tutors are at hand for used, a variety of subjects, some have. Learning , Teaching assistant , Tutor 1006 Words | 3 Pages. spaces to people who don’t live in Ann Arbor who commute from all over owen mental cases the surrounding areas. Of Maintenance! For example , my MTH 169 teacher, Mr.

King, would . commute from Farmington to Ann Arbor every day. When in the class, he was always on time because he had another class before us so he had the opportunity to find a parking space, but if he arrived later than that he wouldn’t have found one. Another example was in winter 2012, my boyfriend’s mother had exited the Bailey Library, and immediately a person asked. Ann Arbor, Michigan , Bus , Bus stop 1050 Words | 4 Pages. CORE Arguments, Opinions and suggestions. ? Appendix 2: Guidelines for Essays Each group must select ONE of the Topics below: Research the Topic and Write an . Cases! essay . In preparing their assignments, students are expected to do a thorough research on the chosen topic and also provide case examples to illustrate/defend their arguments. Importance Of Maintenance! Where possible, students are encouraged to use UAE/GULF OR Middle-East organizations as an example . In agreement with the mental lecturer, they may also change the topic slightly to suit a. Critical thinking , Human resource management , Management 497 Words | 2 Pages. boot-camp not as a military training program, but rather as a group of The Work of Leonardo individuals who are driven by a common goal? If we can do this then we can begin . making comparisons with other groups of owen mental cases individuals and notice a great deal of importance similarities. For example , universities offer a wide variety of clubs such as the Philosophy Club or the Student Veterans Organization, and these clubs are formed because like-minded individuals driven by a common goal congregated and bonded to birth their club.

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Extract: #039;How the BBC leans to the right#039; The Independent Online. The BBC in Media City in wilfred cases, Salford, Manchester Getty Images. Social scientists like myself like to see claims and assertions enlightened by a solid body of evidence. I have, as a consequence, found some of the more public discussions of BBC impartiality dismal to behold. Accusations of BBC bias are now part of a political game in which forms of self-interest are played out against a backdrop of anecdotal evidence and half-truths.

Leading the used, charge are conservative media owners and their press outlets. Their motivations are partly economic (a dismantled BBC would allow then to increase their market share) and partly ideological (they are highly sceptical about regulated public services). Allied in this effort are those Conservative politicians who share the ideological suspicion of public service broadcasting. Their interests are also strategic, since political pressure – they hope – obliges the BBC to bend over backwards to avoid accusations of a leftist tilt. The BBC receives criticism from wilfred owen, other quarters – in an open society there are many sensibilities to offend – but it is these accusations they most fear. Which Criticism? The press can (and do) make a crisis out of the smallest drama, while there is justifiable anxiety about the wilfred cases, way a Conservative government might behave whenever the license fee is due for perspectives of personality?, renewal. While this point is generally ignored, it is the BBC’s cyclical dependence upon whoever happens to be in government during the licence renewal period that is the greatest threat to its impartiality.

For those who value the BBC’s independence, this a gaping flaw in the system – arguably a far more serious political infringement on wilfred owen mental cases journalistic freedom in the UK than anything proposed by Lord Justice Leveson. Despite the highly partial origin of are solubility used claims about the BBC’s propensity to lean leftward, any serious accusations of this kind deserves proper examination. I have often heard it said that if the BBC is being criticised from both political flanks, it is probably getting it about right. Mental? This is, with all due respect, a lazy supposition (so, for example, a centrist bias is still a breach of are solubility used impartiality), and wilfred owen mental, if this chapter is a plea for anything, it is that impartiality is sufficiently important to e karl marx be subject to systematic, independent scrutiny. We also need to consider the owen mental cases, possibility that attacks from the right are having the desired effect.

While the BBC can, at da Vinci, times, be robust in defending its independence, it can also be risk averse. There is a real possibility that this understandable caution has led the BBC to seek shelter in more conservative enclaves. Recent evidence from the most recent BBC Trust commissioned impartiality review appears to support this view. The research, by my colleagues at Cardiff, compared BBC news when Labour were in power (in 2007) with coverage under a Conservative-led coalition (in 2012). The study found, by a series of measures, that ‘Conservative dominance in 2012’ of BBC news was ‘by a notably larger margin than Labour dominance in 2007’ (Wahl-Jorgenson et al 2013: 5). Beyond the main parties, the study suggested that the BBC is more likely than either ITV or Channel 4 to use sources from the right, such US Republicans or Ukip, and less likely to use sources from the left, such as US Democrats and the Green Party. But it is the imbalance between Conservative and Labour – by margins of wilfred mental cases three to of maintenance one for party leaders and four to one for ministers/shadow ministers – that was most striking, especially since the research indicated that this rightward shift was a strictly BBC phenomenon.

The study found no similar patterns on either ITV or Channel 4 (ibid: 83). These were not findings the mental, BBC Trust was especially keen to draw attention to, and – oddly for a review about impartiality – they were played down in of Leonardo Essays, the subsequent report. It is worth noting that these independent findings, based on solid samples, have received less attention than rather flimsier (in evidentiary terms) conservative claims. Impartiality goes beyond matters of party political representation: it encompasses the mental cases, issues a news outlet chooses to The Work cover and the way those issues are framed and reported. Making judgements about political bias is as much about the wilfred mental cases, assumptions that inform a news story than party political representation. So, for example, conservative newspapers tend to give far more coverage to issues that interest the of Venice, political right (such as immigration or abuses of welfare) than those that concern the left (such as poverty or inequality). The first problem facing any analysis of BBC impartiality is that there is no neutral centre of gravity, no golden objective mean to wilfred owen mental cases adopt as a point of departure. Locating the centre is a matter of context, and involves a series of choices. The BBC’s approach to the coverage of politics, for example, generally uses Westminster as its touchstone, with its centre of gravity somewhere near the The Merchant of Venice, Speaker’s Chair. Owen Mental? This point was made clearly by the King Report, based on the BBC Trust’s commissioned study of political coverage in a post-devolution era (Lewis et al 2009; Cushion et al 2009). The research found that despite the significant devolution of political power to Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland, political coverage remained heavily focused on Westminster.

At best, this meant ignoring the which criticism humanistic of personality?, different policies pursued outside England, at worst it meant that England (whose governance remains at mental, Westminster) became a stand-in for the UK as a whole. The BBC, to its great credit, took action to remedy some of the weaknesses identified by the King Report. Follow up research suggested that this intervention improved coverage in of Leonardo da Vinci, a number of mental areas, with greater representation of policy regimes across the four nations (Cushion et al 2010). Nonetheless, reporting remains focused around leading politicians in the House of Commons. This is a reasonable enough position to adopt in a parliamentary democracy, but it comes with distinct limitations. Most notably, it relies upon the main political parties to give voice to a range of well-informed perspectives. As a consequence there are many parts of the political terrain – such as the fat tax essay, EU, immigration or economic growth – where debate takes place within a very narrow frame of reference. So, for example, debates about Europe are invariably framed by a main party debate which sees ‘Europe as a problem for the UK, particularly in terms of national sovereignty’ (Wahl-Jorgensen et al: 51). The recent BBC Trust commissioned review found ‘very little room for sources presenting a broader range of views, and for substantive information about what the EU actually does and how much it actually costs’ (ibid: 52). What we end up with is less a discussion about the merits of the EU than who can best represent UK interests. Important, no doubt, but limited in scope.

Similarly, there is now a growing body of evidence suggesting a model of permanent economic growth is of dwindling benefit to wealthy countries such as the UK. Research now shows that GDP growth is no longer linked to improvements in health or happiness (Bok 2010; Layard 2011), is environmentally unsustainable (Jackson 2010) and stretches commodity choice far beyond the time we have available to wilfred us as consumers (Offer 2006; Lewis 2013). In short, there is a serious debate about whether wealthy consumer economies still rely on growth to are solubility generate prosperity. But it is owen mental not one to be heard in the House of Commons – or, as a consequence, on the BBC, where GDP growth is invariably assumed to be an The Merchant of Venice Essay objective good (Lewis 2013). The BBC thereby reflects a series of assumptions that inform the political mainstream.

It is both pro-democracy and pro-monarchy. It upholds liberal Western values and a series of economic assumption based on a global market economy (in which, for owen cases, example, economic growth is seen as more important than the what are solubility curves used for, climate change it helps create). The BBC, in this very Reithian sense, reflects the assumptions of some of wilfred mental our dominant institutions. This is an easy position to defend, although it sometimes risks a certain myopia, constraining wider and more critical discussion. The failure of the BBC’s economic experts to The Merchant of Venice Essay anticipate the credit crash, for owen, example, was a function of its reluctance to max weber e karl go outside a narrow range of mainstream economic debate and incorporate those more critical economists who did see it coming (Berry 2013). Similarly, the BBC’s reliance on military top brass for wilfred cases, discussions about military spending levels means that such discussions are decidedly lop-sided. Claims for under-funding from such interested parties are rarely balanced by those who feel we should spend less on fat tax essay defence. The UK is one of the world’s largest military spenders (a point rarely made) while discussions of the merits of such spending, research suggests, is becoming increasingly one-sided (Lewis and Hunt 2011). The BBC Trust’s first impartiality review, which suggested moving from wilfred owen mental cases, a ‘see saw’ (generally left vs right) to a ‘wagon wheel’ approach, did not really explore these ideological assumptions. While it contained some thoughtful discussion, the review did not take the opportunity to review the academic research on impartiality and, at max weber marx, times, relied on ad hoc and anecdotal accounts rather than more scientific bodies of evidence.

Its conclusions were based on wilfred the sense that traditional left/right divisions were breaking down, making the old ‘see saw’ balancing act a less appropriate guiding metaphor. Its advocacy of the da Vinci, ‘wagon wheel’ was an attempt to move beyond such limitations: The wheel is not exactly circular, it has a shifting centre, the owen mental, ‘spokes’ are not necessarily evenly spaced, nor do they all reach the of Venice Essay, edge of the wheel, nor does one ‘spoke’ necessarily point in a directly opposite direction to wilfred cases another. So opinion is not confined to of Venice Essay ‘left’ and ‘right’ but ranges through 360 degrees. Owen Mental Cases? One opinion is not necessarily the exact opposite of another, nor do they all reach the extremity of available argument (BBC Trust 2007). The flaw in max weber e karl, the metaphor is, perhaps, revealing. A wagon wheel’s centre does not shift – it will (like news) move forward, but it remains at a fixed point. Wilfred Owen Cases? The assumptions behind locating the centre remain an issue.

What it does make possible, in a way the see-saw does not, is e karl marx shedding light on mental perspectives that question those assumptions. Moving from a see-saw to a wagon wheel is, however, easier said than done. Which Following Is A Of The Humanistic Of Personality?? It requires a radical appraisal of the range and owen cases, type of sources typically used to inform news, and a commitment to looking beyond the of Leonardo Essays, usual suspects for a well-informed diversity of perspectives. The latest BBC Trust impartiality review, designed to mental test how far the BBC had made this metaphorical move, found the see-saw still firmly in of Venice Essay, place (Wahl-Jorgenson et al 2013), with a small number of dominant institutions – notably parliament – continuing to dominate debate. The BBC’s model of impartiality – the location of cases its centre, if you like – is inevitably limited by fat tax essay its tendency to wilfred mental cases favour some institutions over others. A 2007 study, for example, found that around half of those sources used on BBC news were from just four professions: the worlds of politics, business, law and order and the news media. By contrast, the main knowledge-based professions and civic voices (from the academy, medicine, science and importance of maintenance, technology, thinks tanks, government/public agencies and NGOs) made up, between them, only 10 per cent of all sources (Lewis and wilfred owen, Cushion 2009). This concentration was confirmed by the recent BBC Trust review of television news, which suggested that the The Merchant Essay, dominance of these four groups as news sources has increased over the last five years – with a particular rise in the use of business and wilfred, media sources (Wahl-Jorgensen et al 2013: 80, which found similar trends on the Radio 4 Today programme). This contrasts with other broadcasters, who are far less reliant on business (11.1 per cent of sources on BBC news, but only 3.8 per cent on ITV and 2.2 per cent on Channel 4) or media (8.2 per cent of sources on BBC news, 1.6 per cent on ITV and fat tax essay, 5.9 per cent on Channel 4).

Both ITV and Channel 4 make significantly more use of sources from the academy, medicine, science and technology, thinks tanks, government/public agencies and NGOs: these groups make up 16.4 per cent of sources on ITV and 22.7 per owen mental, cent on Channel 4, but only 9.7 per cent on used for the BBC. This not only wilfred owen, narrows the of Leonardo da Vinci Essays, range of expertise available on BBC news, it has implications for wilfred owen, impartiality. The increasing dependence on media and business sources is especially problematic. Essay? Our print media have a self-declared right-wing bias – some (such as the Sun , Mail or Express ) vociferously so. Mental Cases? While the BBC undoubtedly tries to max weber e karl negotiate this bias (sometimes balancing, for example, the Guardian against the Telegraph ), it is often guilty of using the press as a substitute for public opinion.

This, in turn, provides a loudspeaker for those instances when polling majorities lean to the right – on issues such as immigration, on wilfred owen cases which sections of the press campaign – than when they lean to marx the left – on issues such as the privatisation of Royal Mail, on which they do not (see Jordan 2013). The assumption that, for owen mental, example, the views of Daily Mail readers are represented by the newspaper’s editorial line is not borne out by a detailed examination of public opinion data. In short ‘Middle England’ is far more politically diverse than Mail editorials would suggest (Lewis et al 2005). Majorities may be anti-immigration, but they are also opposed to further privatisation of public services and sympathetic to nationalisation of e karl marx others (such as the railways). A reliance on the range of opinions expressed by the press will invariably push debate to the right of the broader public. In a similar way, the growth of wilfred owen mental business news (Svennevig 2007) and the widespread use of business sources raises important questions about impartiality. A business perspective will tend to lean to the right: representatives of business (for reasons of economic self interest) will, for example, favour corporate tax cuts over public spending, and opt for less rather than more regulation on employment rights or environmental protection. In the past, these perspectives were balanced against voices from the trade union movement.

The growth in business coverage has, however, taken place while trade unionists have almost disappeared from news routines (Wahl-Jorgenson et al 2013: 80). A review of of Venice UK Business Reporting for the BBC Trust (BBC Trust 2007) sidestepped the broader question of whether a focus on business creates a slant toward a particular view of the world. It focused, instead, on the narrower question of whether business was viewed from a consumer or a company perspective. Owen? The report’s desire for a more consensual approach – avoiding such antagonisms – glossed over the different interests of producers and consumers (consumers want the best product at the cheapest possible price, while businesses want to spend as little on the product as they can and which of the following criticism humanistic perspectives of personality?, sell it for as much they can). More importantly a broader and more critical view of the role of business in society has no place in this framework.

Although the BBC Trust review did not explore this point, they did acknowledge it, observing that: Around 29 million people work for a living in owen mental cases, the UK and spend a large proportion of The Merchant Essay their waking hours in wilfred mental cases, the workplace. However, little of this important part of UK life is reflected in the BBC’s business coverage … the audiences are served in what are solubility curves, their identity as consumers. But they are not that well served in their role as workers (ibid: 9). As workers, we have distinct interests – we want well-paid, secure jobs with profits shared amongst the wilfred mental, workforce, rather than passed to The Merchant of Venice owners, shareholders or consumers. For both businesses and consumers cheap labour is a good thing, for workers it is wilfred owen mental not. Overall, the available evidence on the BBC centre of gravity does not suggest a leftist tilt. Which Is A Of The Humanistic Perspectives? On the contrary, its dependence on certain dominant institutions – notably in the business world and the national print media – would appear to push it the other way.

The evidence I have drawn on here is, of wilfred course, open to max weber e karl challenge and interpretation. But our response should be to pursue the question of impartiality with greater academic rigour. We almost certainly need more – and regular – independent research on media impartiality. Owen Mental? At this point, however, the most plausible hypothesis is that the BBC has, under pressure, been pushed to the right. Professor Justin Lewis is Dean of fat tax essay Research in the Arts, Humanities and Social Sciences at Cardiff University. ‘Is the wilfred, BBC in Crisis?’ (Abramis, ?19.95), edited by John Mair, Richard Tait and Richard Lance Keeble, will be published on 1 March. We use cookies to enhance your visit to our site and to bring you advertisements that might interest you.

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