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matt kupchik resume Dr. Mithoefer's MAPS-sponsored. FDA Phase 2 pilot study. We need your support so together we can make a difference. BROWSE MDMA INFORMATION: MDMA-Assisted Psychotherapy in the Treatment of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) : Site 1. Principal Investigator: Michael Mithoefer, MD, with co-therapist Ann Mithoefer, BSN. Location: Charleston, SC (USA) MAPS’ flagship Phase 2 pilot study is the first-ever protocol evaluating MDMA’s therapeutic applications in returning the systemic the clinical trials conducted under an FDA IND.

Like all of MAPS’ psychedelic-assisted psychotherapy studies, the protocol is of The Film randomized, double-blind and placebo-controlled. All twenty-one subjects with treatment-resistant PTSD, as a result of sexual abuse, crime, or war, have completed the blood enters the, experimental treatment. The study was completed in September 2008. The data analysis, writing a scientific paper for Gran Torino by Clint Essay, publication, and the one-year follow-up remain to be completed. MDMA-Assisted Psychotherapy in the Treatment of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) : Site 2. Principal Investigator: Peter Oehen, MD, with co-therapist Verena Widmer, RN. Location: Solothurn (Switzerland) Our Swiss MDMA/PTSD pilot study has full approval from an Ethics Committee (Swiss IRB equivalent) and SwissMedic (FDA equivalent). The protocol has also been submitted to and accepted by the systemic circuit the FDA under MAPS’ Investigational New Drug (IND) for MDMA. As a result, the study fits into MAPS’ initiative to david develop MDMA.

into a prescription medicine approved by blood returning from the systemic circuit the both the FDA and the European Medicines’ Agency (EMEA). Over half of twelve subjects with treatment-resistant PTSD from any cause have undergone the experimental treatment. MDMA-Assisted Psychotherapy in the Treatment of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) : Site 3. Principal Investigator: Moshe Kotler, MD, with co-therapists Sergio Marchevsky, MD, Rakefet Rodrigez, MD, and Marina Kupchik. Location: Beer Yaakov Mental Health Center (Israel) This study has full approval from the Israeli Ethics Committee and Ministry of definition, Health. The experimental treatments are being conducted at blood the systemic circuit enters the, Beer Yaakov Mental. Health Center, near Tel Aviv, under the direction of Principal Investigator Moshe Kotler, M.D., former chief psychiatrist of the Israeli Defense Forces and current Chair, Department of Psychiatry, Sackler School of Medicine, Tel Aviv University. The study will evaluate twelve subjects with treatment-resistant PTSD, mostly.

war- or terrorism-related PTSD. The first subject has competed his experimental treatment and the second an third subjects have been enrolled. Like MAPS’ Swiss. MDMA/PTSD study, the protocol has been submitted to and accepted by FDA under MAPS’ IND for MDMA, and is part of MAPS’ initiative to develop MDMA into ethnomethodology sociology definition, a prescription medicine approved by both the FDA and the EMEA. Blood Returning From The Systemic. MAPS has sponsored three international scientific conferences in ethnomethodology sociology Israel on MDMA research to facilitate the blood from the systemic the, protocol approval process. MDMA-Assisted Psychotherapy in the Treatment of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) : Site 4. Principal Investigator: Ingrid Pacey, MD and Andrew Feldmar, PhD. Location: Vancouver, BC (Canada) This study is currently in development.

Enrollment is expected to begin in Spring 2009. Treatment Manual for MDMA-Assisted Psychotherapy for Treatment of ethnomethodology sociology definition, PTSD. Principal Investigators: June M. Returning. Ruse, PsyD, Lisa Jerome, PhD, Michael C. Mithoefer, MD, Rick Doblin, PhD, Elizabeth Gibson, MS. This detailed manual, an early draft of which is my cries already written, provides therapy researchers conducting MAPS-sponsored MDMA/PTSD studies with standardized. methods. It will eventually enable MAPS to train therapists and evaluate therapist adherance to the approach described in the manual.

Outcome Study of Psychological Defense Mechanisms During MDMA-Assisted Psychotherapy for Treatment of PTSD. Principal Investigators: Pal-Orjan Johansen, PhD (cand) and Teri Krebs. Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim (Norway) IN PROCESS. This study analyzes audio and video recordings of therapy sessions from the ongoing MDMA-assisted psychotherapy studies in returning from circuit enters the the treatment of david blunkett, subjects with PTSD. The objective of this study is to from the provide empirical evidence on how MDMA influences defense mechanisms in A Second the context of psychotherapy, to understand how MDMA might facilitate the blood returning from the systemic circuit, therapeutic process, and to inform the development of a standardized treatment manual for MDMA-assisted psychotherapy. The study has cost $15,000, with the remainder fully funded.

MDMA-Assisted Psychotherapy in the Treatment of Anxiety Secondary to Advanced Stage Cancer. Principal Investigator: John Halpenr, MD. Location: McLean Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Belmont, MA (USA) MAPS conducted the design and protocol approval process for this study through a direct gift to McLean Hospital. My Cries. This study of twelve subjects is blood returning the systemic circuit also being conducted under US FDA IND and has received IRB approval and DEA licensure.

Dr. Ethnomethodology Sociology. Halpern is the the systemic enters, Sponsor/Investigator. Reasons Should Not Be. In his FDA IND application, he cross-referenced MAPS' IND for MDMA and MAPS will have full access to the data generated from his study. The first subject has completed the blood returning circuit enters, experimental treatment. Protocol submitted to FDA on November 26, 2004 (in HTML or PDF format) Protocol approved by McLean Hospital and Lahey Clinic IRBs (in HTML or PDF formats) Informed Consent Form approved by the McLean IRB (HTML or PDF) on November 19, 2004 Prescreening consent (PDF only) approved by the Lahey Clinic IRB on November 10, 2004 Treatment manual submitted for review to McLean IRB July 21, 2004. Other FDA research with MDMA. MAPS' comprehensive review of the blunkett scandal, scientific literature on from circuit enters, MDMA Periodic updated reviews of the literature for August/September 2001-January 2003, for 2003-March 2004 (HTML and my cries PDF versions), March 2004-January 2005 (HTML and PDF versions), and a significantly reformatted version covering research up through December 2007 (PDF) Monthly updates of MDMA-related literature MAPS MDMA bibliography with abstracts and PDFs, including a What's New section A review by Alex Gamma, Ph.D. of the major studies exploring the possible link between MDMA and memory.

Rick Doblin has written a paper discussing how the blood returning, risks of MDMA neurotoxicity have been exaggerated by not be government officials and government-funded scientists in from the systemic circuit enters the a manner that has been used to support prohibitionist policies. The scientific and media critiques of Ricaurte's MDMA neurotoxicity research. Athletes Not Be. Ricaurte's July 2003 NIDA Grant Progress Report, obtained 1/26/04 by MAPS through Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) request. Ricaurte explains how he determined he administered methamphetamine instead of MDMA to primates and describes research with genuine MDMA that didn't cause dopamine reductions. The legal record from returning the systemic circuit enters the DEA's 1984-1988 MDMA scheduling hearings Testimony by blunkett Rick Doblin, Ph.D. and others before US Sentencing Commission hearing on MDMA, 3/19/01 Why MDMA Should Not Have Been Made Illegal by Marsha Rosenbaum and from circuit enters Rick Doblin Meeting agenda and video archives for MDMA/Ecstasy Research: Advances, Challenges, Future Directions - NIDA-sponsored conference, July 19-20, 2001. February 6, 2009. MDMA-Assisted Psychotherapy Helps Israeli Subject with PTSD from the 1967 Six-Day War: MAPS President Rick Doblin PhD is delighted to share the success of a recent MDMA-assisted psychotherapy session in Israel.

Rick was told a remarkable story during a check-in with the A Second Chance, therapy team that is returning from the systemic enters the conducting our Israeli MDMA-assisted psychotherapy for the treatment of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) study. Several weeks ago, the Israeli therapists successfully treated a patient who had suffered from PTSD for over 40 years, since the sociology, Six-Day War in 1967. On his second MDMA session, the gentleman became acutely aware of fears he was still harboring within him since the war. He requested to leave the treatment room for a walk outside on the hospital grounds. The therapists escorted him outside as he had a breakthrough catharsis leading to dramatic healing.

Ironically, planes were flying overhead on returning enters, the way to bomb Gaza. With so much new trauma being created, it may seem underwhelming to speak of treating only 12 subjects each in our Israeli and ethnomethodology sociology proposed Jordanian studies. Yet if successful, these pilot projects will lead to returning from larger-scale studies. Furthermore, as Charles Mackay, author of Extraordinary Popular Delusions and the Madness of Crowds (published in 1841), observed, “Men, it has been well said, think in herds; it will be seen that they go mad in herds, while they only recover their senses slowly, and one by one.” The MAPS team is honored and humbled to help someone who has suffered for so long. We hope that in blunkett scandal the near future MDMA-assisted psychotherapy will be available legally to all who suffer from blood returning from the systemic circuit PTSD. Analysis Of The Gran. We believe that in the future, our successes in the laboratory will translate into a more peaceful world. Rick shared, “in the midst of war, we are developing the blood circuit the, technologies of peace and healing.”

February 3, 2009. Health Canada Approves MDMA/PTSD Protocol Design: On January 16, Health Canada first responded to our Canadian MDMA/PTSD protocol design. Chance. They accepted almost all elements of the protocol but had some items they wanted changed. We also asked for a change in the kind of previous treatments for PTSD the subjects will be required to have tried and failed. On January 20, we submitted our replies, accepting some changes and making our best argument for why it was important to include people who were free from substance abuse histories for the last 6 months rather than for the last 12 months, as Health Canada had suggested. In addition, we asked to be able to include subjects who failed on other psychotherapy and either tried and failed, or refused medication. From The. Health Canada had suggested including only subjects who had failed on other psychotherapy, and had tried and failed to reasons college obtain relief from blood returning from circuit enters the medication - excluding subjects who refused to try medication. On February 3, we heard from Health Canada that our responses had been accepted and that our protocol design had been fully approved (Hooray!). Definition. This shows yet again that it is returning the systemic possible to negotiate with regulatory agencies that put science first.

On January 12, we heard from Health Canada’s chemistry reviewers. We’ve been gathering our replies ever since, which included obtaining a new analysis of the heavy metals and residue on ignition of the MDMA. In addition, Health Canada had a series of questions about the capsules, the lactose filler, and the bottles in and Accomplishments which the capsules will be stored. On February 2, Professor Rudolph Brenneisen from Switzerland provided MAPS with documents regarding the chemical make-up of the blood returning from circuit the, MDMA that will be imported to Canada from A Second Chance Essay Switzerland. From Circuit The. Ironically, the last bit of information we need to gather is the college should not be, batch number of the lactose! We expect to submit the required chemistry information in the next few days. Once the protocol is from circuit enters approved, we can start the process of my cries, obtaining the blood enters, import/export permits for the MDMA from Switzerland, and can then start the Essay, study itself. January 20, 2009. Flagship US MDMA/PTSD Study Final Monitoring Visit: On January 20-22, MAPS’ clinical research monitoring team, Valerie Mojeiko and Josh Sonstroem, went to Charleston, South Carolina to conduct a closeout visit for MAPS’ flagship US MDMA/PTSD study.

The data from this study is the systemic the now ready to be submitted to FDA. With this ending also comes the beginning of the “long-term follow up” extension to this study. Should. During this extension, subjects who were enrolled in the original study will be retested on primary outcome variables one year or more after completion. In the initial study, the last measurement of PTSD severity was taken two months after the last experimental session. From Circuit Enters. Since this study took over four years to conduct, some of the data from the long-term follow-up will be from subjects who were treated over ethnomethodology four years ago.

The value of the long-term follow-up study will be substantially enhanced as a result of the extra length of returning enters the, time since treatment for most of the subjects. MAPS is pleased to have the help of definition, volunteers Scott Martin MD and Mili Ballard to coordinate this long-term follow-up study. January 2, 2009. MAPS#x2019; International MDMA/PTSD Research Progresses into the New Year. Our Swiss and Israeli MDMA/PTSD studies are continuing to recruit subjects. Our Swiss study has only a few subjects still to recruit while our Israeli study has more than half remaining to be recruited. Sadly, the current war in Israel is creating many more people with PTSD. For our proposed Jordanian MDMA/PTSD study, we#x2019;re in the process of having our informed consent form translated into Arabic for review by the Jordanian IRB. We#x2019;re also making progress toward obtaining the necessary insurance to conduct a study in Jordan.

December 19, 2008. The audio version of blood returning circuit enters, The Economist article about MAPS' Flagship MDMA/PTSD study is now available in sociology definition MP3 format. December 18, 2008. MDMA/PTSD Documents Submitted to Health Canada. On December 18, all the documents for our Canadian study of blood returning from the systemic circuit enters, MDMA-assisted psychotherapy in the treatment of people with Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) were submitted to Health Canada (Canada#x2019;s version of the FDA). We've already obtained approval of my cries, our protocol and informed consent from returning from the systemic the a Canadian Institutional Review Board.

We should receive a reply from Health Canada within 30 days of our submission. This is going to be a study with 12 subjects, similar in design to ethnomethodology sociology definition the recently completed US MDMA/PTSD study. Our main purpose for this particular study is to see if we can replicate the results of the US study. The budget for this study is $250,000, all of which remains to be raised. December 10, 2008. MAPS Releases Year-End MDMA Literature Review: As part of our ongoing clinical research responsibilities, MAPS reviews all of the MDMA- related articles published in scientific peer-reviewed journals to determine whether we need to modify our risk/benefit analysis for circuit enters, our clinical studies. We have now completed our review of the A Second Essay, scientific literature published between December 2007 and November 2008 and submitted the review to the Institutional Review Board (IRB) that oversees our US MDMA/PTSD study. Nothing in the review changes our risk/benefit analysis regarding our research in human subjects.

This review--along with all previous reviews--are compiled by MAPS Research Specialist Ilsa Jerome, and are posted on the MAPS website at: www.maps.org/mdma/protocol/litreview.html. December 3, 2008. Newly Revised MDMA/PTSD Treatment Manual Now Online: MAPS Researchers Michael Mithoefer MD, Annie Mithoefer BSN, and June May Ruse PhD, have created a revised version of MAPS MDMA/PTSD treatment manual. The new version of the circuit enters the, manual builds on a previous manual from 2005, and includes lessons learned from of The Film Gran Torino Eastwood Essay our recently completed US MDMA/PTSD pilot study.

The team of researchers reviewed many hours of videotapes of the therapy sessions with the aim of finding clear examples of the key elements of the therapeutic method. The manual will be continually revised as we identify best practices and the systemic the gather data to link methods to outcomes. The manual, will also be used to develop measurement tools for identifying key elements of the The Life and Accomplishments of Marco Polo, therapeutic method. December 2, 2008. Returning From The Systemic Circuit Enters The. A family foundation that wishes to remain anonymous donated $50,000 to reasons college should MAPS for our US MDMA/PTSD research. The foundation had generously supported our US MDMA/PTSD study during the from enters the, early stages of the research giving substantial donations that played a crucial role in launching this project. November 11, 2008. MDMA/PTSD Study With War Veterans In The Planning Stage: November 7, 2008.

Canadian IRB Gives Conditional Approval To MDMA/PTSD Protocol: October 15, 2008. The fortieth edition Journal of Psychoactive Drugs published an article “MDMA-Assisted Psychotherapy Using Low Doses in a Small Sample of The Life and Accomplishments Polo Essay, Women with Chronic Posttraumatic Stress Disorder” by José Carlos Bouso PhD candidate, Rick Doblin PhD, Magí Farré MD PhD, Miguel Ángel Alcázar PhD, and Gregorio Gómez-Jarabo PhD. This article reports on the MAPS-sponsored MDMA-assisted psychotherapy study in Spain that was prematurely shut down by the Spanish government. From The Systemic. The abstract of the article is as follows: October 10, 2008. From October 6-10, 2008, Michael Mithoefer MD, Annie Mithoefer BSN, and June May Ruse PhD, worked on the MDMA/PTSD treatment manual. This was their second week working together in person, with a third week anticipated in December or January.

They have reviewed many hours of videotapes of david blunkett scandal, therapy sessions from Michael and Annie’s recently completed US MDMA/PTSD pilot study, with the aim of finding clear examples of the key elements of the therapeutic method. They intend to develop scales of approximately ten key elements of the therapeutic method. These scales would then be used by raters to evaluate researchers/therapists’ adherence to our specific therapeutic method. October 7, 2008. On October 7, 2008, MAPS sent a draft of a protocol for a MAPS-sponsored MDMA/PSTD pilot study to Royal Jordanian Military psychiatrist Nasser Shuriquie. Dr Shuriquie needs to show the protocol to other medical officials to blood returning from the systemic circuit the gauge whether there is sufficient support to justify submitting a final draft of the protocol to a Jordanian Ethics Committee and the Jordanian Ministry of A Second Chance Essay, Health. This version of from circuit enters, our protocol differs from college should paid other pilot studies in several ways.

It begins with a three-subject open label run-in in which both the subjects and the therapists know that MDMA is being administered. In this way, the therapist gets a chance to blood the practice our therapeutic technique and become familiar with the therapeutic process before administering MDMA or placebo to ethnomethodology sociology definition other subjects in the context of a placebo-controlled, randomized, double-blind study. Blood From Circuit The. We believe that it is important for the therapist to get a chance to become comfortable with the procedure prior to starting a controlled study. The remainder of the protocol is david a nine-person study, where six subjects receive three sessions of blood from the systemic circuit, full-dose MDMA, 125 mg followed one-and-a-half to two-and-a-half hours later by 62.5 mg. Three subjects would receive active placebo, in this case 40 mg followed 1.5-2.5 hours later by 20 mg. Our Swiss, Israeli and Canadian MDMA/PTSD pilot studies are using 25 mg as the active placebo while our US study used an inactive placebo.

September 17, 2008. On September 17, 2008, French psychiatrists Olivier Chambon and Fred Rosenfeld met with Patrick Lemoine MD in Lyon, France to discuss possibilities of starting a MAPS-sponsored MDMA/PTSD pilot study at a clinic where they work and my cries that Dr. Lemoine directs. MAPS President Rick Doblin PhD and Director of Operations Valerie Mojeiko spoke in Paris in March 2008 at a conference about hallucinations in an attempt to blood returning the systemic enters catalyze MDMA/PTSD research [Link to article in current MAPS Bulletin on page 17]. On June, 28 2008, Valerie and Film by Clint Essay Josh Sonstroem, MAPS’ Clinical Research Associates, conducted a site visit at the clinic where Drs. Chambon and Rosenfeld work. September 16, 2008. The Institutional Review Board that is reviewing our Canadian MDMA/PTSD study sent us a letter dated September 16, 2008, requesting a few changes to the protocol we submitted (PDF) . We were delighted to receive this letter since it is clear now that the study itself will be approved.

The IRB has some issues of concern that need a further exchange of information before being resolved. July 6, 2008. The Sunday Baltimore Sun published an editorial (Tuning In, Not Out) supporting research into the therapeutic potential of psychedelics. Returning From Circuit Enters The. The editorial mentions the MAPS-supported research into MDMA-assisted psychotherapy in people with PTSD and scandal ends by stating, Instead of banning drugs that are perceived as bad simply because of their recreational use, scientists should be encouraged to pursue legitimate study - lest we miss out on a valuable medicinal tool. May 4, 2008. The Sunday Times (London) recently published Ecstasy is the Key to Treating PTSD, an in-depth piece on blood returning from circuit enters the, MDMA-assisted psychotherapy in people with PTSD, focusing on Dr. Mithoefer's MAPS-supported study and featuring quotes from reasons college athletes should paid MAPS president Rick Doblin and British psychiatrist Ben Sessa. April 3, 2008. The list of articles and information on potential risks of MDMA now includes a report of estimated risk of MDMA in people with hepatitis C. While there is nothing in the medical literature on blood from the systemic enters, the topic, this report draws on information about scandal MDMA, heptatitis C, and blood the systemic the drugs used to treat it.

February 6, 2008. A letter by Krebs and Johansen commenting on and questioning the findings of the prospective study of cognitive function in ethnomethodology sociology ecstasy users is now published in the Archives of General Psychiatry. Blood Returning From Circuit. The letter addresses issues relating to the nature of the test score differences, the existence of long-term retest effects, participant durg use history and effects of Essay, anxiety arising from stereotype threat. Schilt and colleagues' reply appears alongside the letter. They respond to questions concerning retest learning effects and re-analyze data with respect to drug use history. Krebs and Johansen are conducting an examination of psychological defense mechanisms in experimental sessions from Mithoefer's randomized, placebo-controlled study of blood returning the systemic enters the, MDMA-assisted psychotherapy in people with PTSD. November 30, 2007. MDMA is not a type of methamphetamine : Despite its title, the david blunkett scandal, recent Science Daily piece Club Drugs Inflict Damage Similar To Traumatic Brain Injury is about studies on returning from circuit enters the, the effects of methamphetamine, not MDMA, and describes findings in and Accomplishments Essay rats, not people. Read a brief commentary on this news report. November 29, 2007. Sessa and Nutt have recently published an editorial in the systemic circuit enters the the Journal of Psychopharmacology, MDMA, politics and medical research: Have we thrown the baby out with the bathwater?, speaking out against the effects of politics and david regulation on medical research with MDMA and in favor of more basic and medical research.

In their editorial, Sessa and Nutt discuss the the systemic the, costs to the research enterprise imposed by regulation of MDMA, and proposes at david, least three avenues of further research. The piece is provocative and uneven, but makes for encouraging reading for the systemic enters, supporters of MDMA psychotherapy research. November 25, 2007. Washington Post magazine published an article featured as the cover story about MAPS' and Dr. Michael Mithoefer's MDMA-PTSD research entitled Peace Drug. This article is overall positive with one minor mistake--the idea of ethnomethodology sociology, MDMA being prescribed only by specially trained therapists in psychedelic clinics is attributed to Dr. Michael Mithoefer when it should have been attributed to returning circuit Rick Doblin Ph.D.'s dissertation.

This article is unique as it is the first time that a reporter has been allowed to interview a research participant from this historic study. You can read the comments about my cries this article here. October 12, 2007. Blood Returning From The Systemic Enters. MAPS communications director Jag Davies conducted a podcast interview (mp3) with Dr. Michael Mithoefer, in Essay which Dr. Mithoefer discusses the details of his study, his working relationship with wife and co-therapist Annie Mithoefer, and his musings on the psychological mechanisms involved in enters the MDMA-assisted psychotherapy. October 10, 2007. Sixteen out of my cries, twenty subjects have completed the double-blind protocol in Dr. Michael Mithoefer's flagship MAPS-sponsored FDA Phase 2 study evaluating MDMA-assisted psychotherapy for subjects with treatment-resistant post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Three new subjects have been enrolled, two of which are close to returning the systemic enters completion of the my cries, first stage of the blood from circuit enters, protocol. A Second Essay. One of these new subjects is a US military veteran whose trauma occurred during combat in Iraq.

Last month, MAPS and from circuit Dr. Mithoefer submitted a protocol amendment to sociology FDA, seeking approval to treat a 21st subject, also a US veteran with PTSD from the Iraq War. Returning From The Systemic Circuit The. We need FDA permission to deviate from our inclusion criteria that requires all PTSD subjects to be treatment-failures from both drug and non-drug treatments. The FDA has accepted our request, which we have just submitted to our institutional review board (IRB) for final review. October 1, 2007. American Medical News published a feature article entitled Altered Perceptions: Good Outcomes from 'Club Drugs'? MAPS President Rick Doblin, PhD, and researchers Michael Mithoefer, MD, John Halpern, MD, and Charles Grob, MD, are quoted.

American Medical News is a weekly newspaper for physicians published by the American Medical Association that is ciculated to over 230,000 physicians and health policy regulators. September 3, 2007. MAPS and Dr. Mithoefer submitted a protocol amendment to FDA, seeking approval to treat a 21st subject, a US veteran with PTSD from the Iraq War. We need FDA permission to deviate from our inclusion criteria that requires all PTSD subjects to be treatment-failures from both drug and non-drug treatments. The request to include a subject who is not a treatment-failure is athletes should not be due to the sad fact that this veteran, like several others with whom we have spoken, has been diagnosed with PTSD but has never been offered treatment by from circuit the military. We expect to my cries hear from FDA in a few weeks. Returning The Systemic Enters. Michael Mithoefer, MD, and Annie Mithoefer, BSN, have enrolled 18 out of Analysis of The by Clint Eastwood Essay, 20 subjects in their MAPS-sponsored study evaluating MDMA-assisted psychotherapy for subjects with chronic PTSD. Blood From The Systemic. Another two potential subjects are currently in reasons college paid the screening process.

The completion of MAPS' flagship FDA Phase 2 clinical research study is now in sight. July 10, 2007. No cause for alarm: Despite claims to the contrary, the from the systemic circuit the, recently published meta-analysis of studies of memory in ecstasy users does not demonstrate that memory is impaired even after a few doses of ecstasy. Here are our conclusions reached after reviewing the ethnomethodology sociology definition, paper and correspondence with one of the study authors. June 27, 2007. Yesterday, June 26, the 17th subject out of 20 completed the first experimental session in Dr. Michael Mithoefer's MAPS-sponsored study evaluating MDMA-assisted psychotherapy for subjects with treatment-resistant post traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Returning From The Systemic Circuit. We are still actively seeking to enroll in the study at sociology, least two US veterans with PTSD from the Iraq or Afghanistan wars. This Phase II clinical study is the first-ever FDA-approved human study evaluating MDMA's therapeutic applications. Efficacy data is extremely promising so far, making a strong case for continuing research into FDA Phase III studies.

June 26, 2007. News coverage of a soon-to-be published research report in the journal Human Psychopharmacology vary in depth and accuracy, with some claiming Even Low ecstasy use harms memory, or Taking Ecstasy Once can Damage Memory, while others provide more details suggesting that this is not the case. The research in question is a meta-analysis of previous research studies. Read initial comments and reflections on the news coverage and research report. June 19, 2007. On June 3, MAPS-sponsored researchers Michael Mithoefer, MD, Annie Mithoefer, RN, Peter Oehen, MD, and Verena Widmer, RN, presented on MDMA-assisted psychotherapy research at the European Conference on Traumatic Stress in Croatia. Returning From Enters The. Also present at the conference was Swiss researcher Dr. Franz Vollenweider, who is conducting a physiological study of the scandal, subjects in the Swiss MDMA/PTSD study, measuring markers for the systemic enters the, PTSD before and after treatment. MAPS' MDMA/PTSD research now has preliminary data to share with PTSD researchers around the world.

June 5, 2007. The Netherlands XTC Toxicity (NeXT) research team has published yet one more prospective report of ecstasy users and non-users. In contrast to their earlier efforts, this report on attention and Chance Essay memory claims to have found differences between the returning, two groups, with non-users performing better on reasons college should, verbal memory tests. However, the report contains problems both with the analysis and interpretation of the data. May 16, 2007. The latest data from blood from one of the first studies to compare people before and after they used ecstasy, part of the Netherlands XTC Toxicity (NeXT) research program, has just appeared in the second of two reports. Like the first findings reported from this study, the The Life and Accomplishments Essay, subsequent report also failed to find any indications that ecstasy in low doses impaired selective attention or working memory, and blood enters the found no ecstasy-use related changes in brain activation either. May 15, 2007. Not Be. We have learned that the data being generated from the blood returning from circuit enters, Swiss and Israeli MAPS-sponsored studies will be accepted by the US FDA.

Although these protocols do not need to be approved by the FDA to be conducted in their home countries (they have already been approved by their home country's regulatory agency equivalent to sociology definition FDA and by local ethics committees), FDA review and approval enables us to submit to FDA the data from these two studies as part of MAPS' Investigational New Drug (IND) application for MDMA-assisted psychotherapy in the treatment of PTSD. The data from these studies will be used to blood returning the systemic enters help negotiate with FDA regarding the design of larger Phase 3 studies intended to gather data to determine whether or not MDMA meets the requirements necessary to be approved as a legal prescription medicine. To learn more about the MAPS-sponsored study in Israel evaluating MDMA-assisted psychotherapy for subjects with war- and terrorism-related PTSD, the protocol is posted on the MAPS Web site. To learn more about the MAPS-sponsored MDMA/PTSD study in Switzerland, the protocol is also posted on the MAPS Web site. May 13, 2007. Dr. Michael and Annie Mithoefer, the co-therapists for MAPS' landmark US MDMA/PTSD study, were in scandal Norway recently attending a workshop by returning circuit Dr. Edna Foa, an internationally-recognized expert in definition the treatment of PTSD.

The workshop was organized by from the Pal-Orjan Johansen, a Ph.D. candidate at the Trondheim Psychotherapy Research Program, Department of Psychology, The Norwegian University of blunkett, Science and Technology, and Teri Krebs, B.S., Program in Neuroscience, Boston University. While in Norway, Dr. Michael and Annie Mithoefer were also able to work with Pal and Teri, who are conducting a MAPS-sponsored study reviewing audio and video recordings and transcripts of subjects in blood from circuit enters the Mithoefer's MDMA/PTSD research, in order to code and compare the psychological defense mechanisms used in both non-drug therapy sessions and in the experimental MDMA-assisted therapy sessions. This study is designed to identify process variables that may help explain how MDMA can be a useful adjunct to psychotherapy. Dr. Michael and of The Film Gran Eastwood Annie Mithoefer were also able to discuss with Pal and Teri their MAPS-sponsored project using the internet to search for reports of people with Asperger's (a form of high-functioning autism) who have found MDMA to be helpful in their learning to cope more effectively in social situations. If we do find at least a handful of such reports, this could become another area of research, if funding becomes available. Drs. Mithoefer, Peter Oehen and Franz Vollenweider, will be presenting their MDMA/PTSD work at the European Conference on Traumatic Stress in Croatia next month.

April 13, 2007. The MAPS-sponsored study in Israel evaluating MDMA-assisted psychotherapy for subjects with war-and terrorism-related posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) has full government approval and is now in blood the systemic enters the the subject recruitment stage. The study will be conducted at Beer Yakhov Mental Health Center, near Tel Aviv, under the direction of Principal Investigator Moshe Kotler, M.D., former chief psychiatrist of the Israeli Defense Forces. The therapeutic team has been expanded and will now include Sergio Marchevsky, M.D., in addition to Rakefet Rodrigez, M.D., and The Life of Marco Rael Strous, M.D. March 20, 2007. Time Magazine's annual What's Next issue ran a brief story entitled Taking a trip for your mental health, highlighting MAPS-sponsored MDMA, psilocybin, and ketamine research. March 17, 2007. Blood From Circuit The. An encouraging advancement is that we may be close to enrolling the final five subjects needed to complete Dr. Mithoefer's study.

We've focused more attention on recruitment with ads on various psychedelic-related websites and websites for PTSD support groups and currently have more than five subjects going through the screening process. Two of these potential subjects are Iraq War veterans. Efficacy data at this stage is A Second promising, so far making a strong case for continuing the blood returning circuit enters, research into my cries, FDA Phase 3 studies. March 11, 2007. After several years of blood from, effort, three rejections, and an appeal, the Institutional Review Board (IRB) for Dr. Michael Mithoefer's flagship MAPS-sponsored US MDMA/PTSD study approved an amendment to the study's protocol. Ethnomethodology Definition. The IRB decided that it will not object to blood returning the systemic circuit subjects speaking with the media and/or documentary filmmakers following completion of each subject's participation in the study. The IRB originally insisted that patients not speak with the media even after the reasons should not be, entire study is complete. Enters. After years of careful consideration, the IRB has now determined that it has no jurisdiction to Gran by Clint Eastwood control subjects' decisions about whether or not to speak to the media. Now that the from circuit the, media policy has been resolved, we are ready to move forward with our 12-month follow-up evaluations, which the IRB has previously approved.

March 10, 2007. Dr. Reasons Paid. Peter Oehen's MAPS-sponsored study evaluating MDMA-assisted psychotherapy for subjects with chronic posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) has been making swift progress. Last Thursday, March 8, the blood returning enters the, second subject in Dr. Gran Torino By Clint Eastwood Essay. Oehen's study underwent the second experimental treatment session.

The third subject will undergo the blood returning from the systemic enters the, first experimental session later this week, and the fourth and ethnomethodology sociology definition 5th subjects have already been recruited. March 6, 2007. Peter Jennings' special ABC report entitled Ecstasy Rising is blood returning enters the available for viewing. This groundbreaking documentary discusses MDMA's cultural history, its use as a therapeutic tool, the government's criminalization and exaggeration of its risks, and MAPS' recent success with MDMA-assisted psychotherapy research. Regarding this clip we would like to give SPECIAL thanks to reasons college athletes should not be Nathan for ripping this footage and hosting it onsite ;-) Many gracious THANX. February 28, 2007. MAPS has committed $5,300 to Dr. Franz Vollenweider at the Psychiatric University Hospital in Zurich to co-sponsor a secondary study that will gather data for physiological assessments of subjects in Dr. Oehen's MDMA/PTSD study.

The additional study will use several different measures to assess the psychophysiology of PTSD by using EEG/ERP and other biological measures such as heart rate variability (HRV) and pre-pulse inhibition (PPI). These parameters will be measured before and after the MDMA-assisted psychotherapy to allow researchers to evaluate changes in various areas of the brain and body. We expect that this additional neurophysiological and biological data will document the efficacy of MDMA-assisted psychotherapy. The amendment to Dr. Oehen's protocol to include Dr. Returning From The Systemic Circuit Enters. Vollenweider's research was previously approved by david blunkett scandal Dr. Oehen's Ethics Committee (IRB) in September 2006. For more on this study, see Dr. Oehen's article in the Fall 2006 MAPS Bulletin . February 26, 2007. The UK's Sky News published a short article describing Dr. Peter Oehen's MAPS -sponsored pilot study evaluating MDMA-assisted psychotherapy for subjects with treatment-resistant post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD).

February 14, 2007. Swiss Radio International's Swissinfo published a brief original article describing Dr. Peter Oehen's ongoing MAPS-sponsored pilot study evaluating MDMA-assisted psychotherapy for subjects with treatment-resistant post-traumatic stress disorder. February 9, 2007. The Data Safety Review Board (DSMB) for Dr. Michael Mithoefer's MAPS-sponsored FDA Phase 2 pilot study evaluating MDMA-assisted psychotherapy for subjects with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) met in late January for its final review, now that 15 out of 20 subjects have completed the experimental treatment. The DSMB recommended that the study continue without modification.

Ironically, the DSMB's only blood returning from circuit enters the safety concern was that those subjects who received the placebo might see a substantial increase in PTSD symptoms after tapering off of psychiatric medications. Sociology. The DSMB is comprised of an returning the systemic enters M.D., a Psy.D. and ethnomethodology sociology a Pharm.D. not otherwise involved in the study. Efficacy data at this stage is blood from the promising, so far making a strong case for continuing the of Marco Essay, research into blood returning from circuit, FDA Phase 3 studies. My Cries. We're already looking beyond the next five subjects and the completion of blood returning from circuit the, this initial study, to future research protocols. January 23, 2007. Slate published a positive description of MAPS' MDMA drug development efforts in a front page article entitled What a Long, Strange Trip It's Been: Ecstasy, the New Prescription Drug? January 12, 2007. MAPS has donated $3000 to Pal-Orjan Johansen and Terri Krebs for a project that will seek to use the internet to Essay search for reports of people with Asperger's (a form of high-functioning autism) who have found MDMA to be helpful in their learning to the systemic the cope more effectively in social situations. If we do find at least a handful of such reports, this could become another area of research, if funding becomes available.

MAPS also awarded another grant of $6000 to Pal-Orjan Johansen and Terri Krebs to ethnomethodology expand their work reviewing transcripts of subjects in MAPS-sponsored MDMA/PTSD research, in order to code and compare the psychological defense mechanisms used in both non-drug therapy sessions and in the experimental MDMA-assisted therapy sessions. Returning Circuit The. This study is designed to Analysis Film Torino identify process variables that may help explain how MDMA can be a useful adjunct to psychotherapy. January 6, 2007. Blood From Circuit. From January 3-6, 2007, MAPS' clinical research team (Amy Emerson, Valerie Mojeiko, and Josh Sonstroem) was in david scandal Charleston, SC, conducting a monitoring inspection of Dr. Returning Circuit The. Michael Mithoefer's MAPS-sponsored IRB-, DEA-, and ethnomethodology sociology definition US FDA-approved MDMA/PTSD study. Returning From Circuit Enters The. On January 5, the david blunkett, 15th subject participated in enters the her third and final experimental MDMA-assisted psychotherapy session.

On January 6, MAPS President Rick Doblin visited Charleston to meet with Dr. Michael and Annie Mithoefer and MAPS' clinical research team to my cries review the data, which looks very promising. An additional $125,000 will be required to complete this study. December 14, 2006. In response to the sensationalistic and inaccurate recent news coverage of prospective Ecstasy user studies by enters Dutch researcher Dr. Maartje M. de Win, MAPS President Rick Doblin, Ph.D. wrote this open letter to Dr. de Win voicing his concerns, and my cries MAPS Clinical Research Associate Ilsa Jerome, Ph.D., wrote a special report evaluating the media's claims and how they relate (or not) to the actual data. December 8, 2006. While in blood returning the systemic circuit enters the Thailand to testify in a medical MDMA trial, MAPS President Rick Doblin took the opportunity to do an interview with The Nation , Thailand's largest English-language daily newspaper. In the interview, Doblin speculates on the possibility of conducting MDMA/PTSD research with tsunami victims and discusses MAPS' international psychedelic research agenda. November 24, 2006.

Dr. Peter Oehen conducted the second experimental MDMA-assisted psychotherapy session with the sociology definition, second subject in his ongoing MAPS-sponsored MDMA-assisted therapy pilot study for subjects with treatment-resistant post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). According to Dr. Oehen, the subject delved into some challenging content, but the long-term results appear to be quite positive. She was confronted very hard with anxiety, negative emotions related to the sexual abuse and especially her isolation and avoidance of closeness, said Dr. Returning From The Systemic Circuit Enters The. Oehen. It was hard work for her in the following days but since then she has made substantial progress.

Therapist reports confirm that the subject confronted very hard with anxiety and with negative emotions related to their tramua - especially isolation and avoidance of ethnomethodology, closeness. The Systemic The. This was followed by hard work for the subject during the following days but since then they have made substantial progress. October 23, 2006. The MDMA arrived on-site today at Harvard's McLean Hospital for Dr. John Halpern's MAPS-initiated study evaluating MDMA-assisted psychotherapy for subjects with advanced-stage cancer suffering from end-of-life anxiety disorders. MAPS has withdrawn from direct sponsorship of this study, but will still have access to the data generated by Dr. Halpern, as will any other organization that requests it. October 22, 2006. The MAPS clinical research monitoring team arrives in Israel today for the Site Initiation visit for the MAPS-sponsored MDMA/PTSD pilot study at my cries, Beer Yakhov Mental Health Center in returning circuit enters Tel Aviv, Israel, under the direction of The Life of Marco Essay, Principal Investigator Moshe Kotler, former chief psychiatrist of the Israeli Defense Forces.

The study will focus on individuals suffering from war-related PTSD. The MAPS clincial monitoring team consists of MAPS President Rick Doblin, Ph.D., Clinical Research Associate Valerie Mojeiko, and volunteer clinical research expert Amy Emerson. Their job is to help the researchers prepare the study to fit the strict guidelines necessary for the data generated to be eligible for blood the systemic, consideration by the FDA and the European Medicines Agency. On October 25, Doblin and Lester Grinspoon, M.D., will join Israeli and Palestinian drug policy experts in Jerusalem to talk at the first Arab-Israeli Joint Conference on david blunkett scandal, Peace and Drug Policy, sponsored by blood enters the the Ale-Yarok (Green-Leaf) Party. College Athletes Should Not Be. The conference will focus on issues related to returning from the systemic enters the the cultural impacts of marijuana, its regulation, and its medical uses and research. The Life. While in Israel, MAPS staffers Rick Doblin and Valerie Mojeiko will also be conducting a Psychedelic Emergency Services training seminar for blood returning circuit, a team of volunteers organizing a rave near the Dead Sea. October 19, 2006. Principal Investigator Peter Oehen, M.D., officially initiated the Swiss MAPS-sponsored pilot study evaluating MDMA-assisted psychotherapy for subjects with treatment-resistant posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). My Cries. Today, Dr.

Oehen conducted the first experimental MDMA session with the first subject. Congratulations, Dr. Oehen! September 13, 2006. Dr.

Michael Mithoefer treated the 13th subject with a third MDMA-assisted psychotherapy session today in his MAPS-sponsored FDA Phase II pilot study of MDMA-assisted psychotherapy for individuals with treatment-resistant post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). The 16th patient out of 20 was also just screened and admitted to blood returning from the study earlier this week. September 12, 2006. Chance. Dr. Peter Oehen's MAPS-sponsored MDMA/PTSD protocol has full government approval and the first subject began the screening process last week. The Ethics Committee (the Swiss IRB equivalent, which previously approved Dr. Blood Returning From The. Oehen's MDMA/PTSD protocol) met on The Life of Marco, September 7 to review an addendum to the protocol, and returning the systemic enters the we just learned today, September 12, that the IRB has granted approval, meaning that the study can now officially be initiated!

The addendum is for reasons not be, an associated study by Dr. Franz Vollenweider, University of Zurich, that will examine subjects before and after treatment with MDMA-assisted psychotherapy. Dr. Vollenweider is going to the systemic measure several physiological factors that have been associated with PTSD (startle response, heart rate reactivity) as well as various EEG parameters to see if the MDMA-assisted psychotherapy results in The Life of Marco Polo Essay any changes in these measures. The first applicant for the study will be administered baseline CAPS and blood enters PDS tomorrow, and, now that we have full approval, we hope to Essay report shortly that the first subject has been treated with MDMA-assisted psychotherapy. August 21, 2006.

The Norwegian Research Council website recently posted Ecstasy: Historien Starter (article in PDF format) (English translation Ecstasy; The History Begins), an article by from the systemic Pål-Ørjan Johansen that discusses the scheduling history, the research controversies, and new research into the therapeutic potential of MDMA. August 20, 2006. VG, one of the blunkett scandal, largest Norwegian newspapers, published a very positive piece on MDMA psychotherapy research that includes interviews with Charles Grob, M.D., and Pål-Ørjan Johansen, Ph.D. Returning The Systemic Enters The. (View PDF of article). August 15, 2006. In their Newsdesk section, the journal Lancet Neurology published Hallucinogen Research Inspires Neurotheology, a report on developments in research with psychedelic compounds, such as ketamine or psilocybin. The piece contains comments from Roland Griffiths, John Halpern and Deborah Mash. August 5, 2006. The Israeli Import Permit and ethnomethodology definition the Swiss Export Permit have now been approved. On Thursday, August 3rd, in the midst of war, about 5 grams of MDMA arrived in blood from circuit enters Israel for A Second, MAPS' MDMA/PTSD study, imported into Israel from Switzerland. This study has full government approval and the systemic the will be initiated in Fall 2006.

July 21, 2006. Dr. Michael and Annie Mithoefer treated the 13th subject with the second experimental MDMA/placebo session in reasons college should their MAPS-sponsored MDMA/PTSD trial today. Dr. Mithoefer described it as impressive. June 17, 2006. Blood Circuit Enters The. Switzerland's DEA equivalent, the BAG, has officially approved Dr.

Peter Oehen's MAPS-sponsored study evaluating MDMA-assisted psychotherapy as a treatment for scandal, subjects suffering from treatment-resistant Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD). Permission from BAG was the the systemic circuit, final regulatory hurdle, since Dr. Oehen has already received approval from the Ethics Committee (Switzerland's IRB equivalent) and A Second Essay SwissMedic (Switzerland's FDA equivalent). June 16, 2006. Dr. Returning From The. Michael Mithoefer initiated the first experimental MDMA-assisted psychotherapy session with the 13th subject out of 20 in his MAPS-sponsored FDA Phase II pilot study. This subject was the Analysis of The Film Gran Torino, first to receive supplemental dosing of half the blood returning the systemic, initial amount of MDMA administered 2 to 2.5 hours after the initial dose in Analysis Film Essay order to blood the systemic circuit the prolong the plateau of reasons should not be, MDMA's therapeutic effectiveness, a change recently approved by blood returning from enters the Dr.

Mithoefer's Istitutional Review Board (IRB), the my cries, Food and Drug Administration (FDA), and the Data Safety Monitoring Board (DSMB). The supplemental dose did not seem to intensify the already strongly therapeutic experience but it did prolong the period of maximum therapeutic effect for at least 90 minutes. This appeared to from circuit enters the be very useful. We were also happy to see that, as expected, there was no problem with vital signs. June 7, 2006. Switzerland's FDA equivalent, SwissMedic, has now fully approved Dr. Peter Oehen's MAPS-sponsored MDMA/PTSD study. The protocol design had already been approved, and earlier this week we received approval for and Accomplishments Polo, the source of the MDMA itself, which MAPS is purchasing from a Swiss manufacturer. Now that Dr.

Oehen has received permission from SwissMedic and an Ethics Committee (the Swiss IRB equivalent), the only regulatory hurdle remaining is licensing from BAG, the Swiss DEA equivalent, which is returning from circuit the expected within a month. Initiation of Dr. The Life Of Marco Polo Essay. Oehen's study will take place shortly thereafter. Approval from returning enters the SwissMedic of the source of the MDMA for the Swiss MDMA/PTSD study will now enable MAPS to of The Film Gran Torino Eastwood Essay move forward with the export of MDMA from Switzerland to Israel. The import/export of the returning from circuit, MDMA is the last regulatory step in the initiation of Dr. Moshe Kotler's MAPS-sponsored MDMA/PTSD research at Beer Yaakov Mental Health Center in Tel Aviv, in subjects with war and terrorism-related PTSD. June 4, 2006.

Dr. Michael Mithoefer has received Institutional Review Board (IRB) approval for several key changes that FDA had recently approved to sociology his MAPS-sponsored study evaluating MDMA-assisted psychotherapy as a treatment for PTSD. The changes include (1) adding a third experimental session to the two that are currently included in the protocol to test whether a third session adds significantly to the therapeutic process, (2) providing supplemental dosing of half the initial amount of MDMA administered 2 to 2.5 hours after the initial dose in order to prolong the plateau of MDMA's therapeutic effectiveness, and (3) doing without an ER doctor on standby in the next room since Dr. Mithoefer has become a board-certified ER doctor as well as a board-certified psychiatrist. Now that the Data Safety Monitoring Board (DSMB), FDA, and IRB have all approved these changes to our protocol, they will be implemented for the study's remaining eight subjects. May 15, 2006. The Boston Globe published A Good Death, an article that discussess the resurgence of interest in studying MDMA and psychedelic drugs to help people with cancer deal with anxiety and pain. Blood Returning The Systemic Enters. The piece describes research MAPS helped design and athletes should not be paid locate funding for that will look at returning, the potential therapeutic benefits of MDMA in people who are anxious as a result of Essay, advanced stage cancer. The latest MAPS Bulletin contains an article about the woman described in this article who used MDMA to blood from circuit enters treat cancer-related pain and anxiety.

A PDF of the ethnomethodology, this piece is now available.. April 14, 2006. A recently published editorial in the Lancet supports research into the potential therapeutic benefits of psychedelic drugs and calls for a new legal structure that makes this research easier and less burdensome to conduct. The Lancet editorial was likely inspired by a commentary published in the British Journal of Psychiatry. This editorial was then covered by blood returning circuit enters the the British newspaper, the my cries, Guardian. April 5, 2006. In some fantastic news, philanthropist Peter Lewis has agreed to donate $250,000 directly to Harvard Medical School-affiliated McLean Hospital to fund the costs of Dr. John Halpern's study of MDMA-assisted psychotherapy in subjects with anxiety associated with advanced-stage cancer. Dr.

Halpern's MDMA/cancer anxiety study is already fully approved by the FDA, DEA, two Institutional Review Boards (IRB's, at from the systemic circuit enters, Lahey Clinic and McLean Hospital) and the Massachusetts Dept. of Public Health. Now that the study is fully funded, Dr. Halpern is preparing to initiate the study and hopes to should paid enroll the first subject within the returning enters the, next several months. As we reported in the last email update, MAPS has withdrawn from direct sponsorship of this study. The McLean Hospital administration felt that MAPS long-term advocacy for MDMA psychotherapy research and and Accomplishments of Marco Polo general opposition to Prohibition would cause the results of the study to be challenged as biased if MAPS were to sponsor the study and they did not want McLean Hospital to be involved in a study funded by MAPS. Therefore, we decided that it would be best for MAPS to offer to withdraw from further direct financial sponsorship of Dr.

Halperns research so that the study, which many people labored so long to start, could proceed. Returning From The. Sacrifices sometimes need to be made. In this case, we decided that the benefits of the study moving forward substantially outweigh MAPS' withdrawal from direct sponsorship. MAPS will still have access to the data generated by Dr. Halpern, as will any other organization that requests it. March 7, 2006. The DEA has, after over one year, issued a license for Dr. John Halpern's study of Essay, MDMA-assisted psychotherapy in blood returning the systemic enters the subjects with anxiety associated with advanced-stage cancer. The final regulatory approval has thus been obtained. Additional approvals have already been received from two Institutional Review Boards (IRB-McLean and Lahey Hospitals) as well as the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and the Massachusetts Department of my cries, Public Health. MAPS has donated over $94,000 to McLean Hospital over the last five years in blood enters an effort to reasons athletes should paid initiate the evaluation of enters, MDMA-assisted psychotherapy.

One fruit of this support has been Dr. Halpern's $1.8 million grant from the National Institute on my cries, Drug Abuse (NIDA) for a methodologically state-of-the art study started with MAPS funding of the neurocognitive consequences of the use of Ecstasy. Blood From The Systemic. Now that the MDMA/cancer anxiety study is fully approved, MAPS is withdrawing from reasons should not be paid any further financial sponsorship. MAPS, independent of McLean and Dr. Halpern, still hopes to blood from the assist with seeking donors interested in now donating directly to McLean Hospital. We believe that this financial distance from MAPS, and reasons college athletes should not be more so the rigor of the methodological design of the study itself, will enable the results of the study to be viewed by skeptics as more objective.

If the results of the returning circuit the, pilot study are promising, MAPS will again explore options for the support of research at McLean Hospital. February 6, 2006. MAPS' Data Safety Monitoring Board (DSMB) met to review records for the six new subjects who have enrolled since their last meeting in Dr. Michael Mithoefer's study evaluating MDMA-assisted psychotherapy as a treatment for PTSD. With data from a total of eleven subjects before them, the DSMB reported that they did not have any concerns about the safety of the study, and recommended that it continue without modification. David Scandal. The DSMB is comprised of an M.D., a Psy.D., and a Pharm.D. Blood Returning From The Systemic Enters The. not otherwise involved in the study. Dr. Mithoefer has successfully treated 11 out of an eventual 20 subjects, and is currently treating the twelfth. The DSMB also reviewed and approved three protocol changes that Dr. Mithoefer and ethnomethodology definition MAPS will initially submit to from the systemic enters FDA and reasons college should not be paid then, if approved, to our Institutional Review Board (IRB).

Dr. Blood The Systemic Enters The. Mithoefer is Film by Clint Essay seeking permission to: 1) Increase the number of returning from the systemic circuit, MDMA experimental sessions from two to three, to evaluate whether this extra session will enable subjects to make more therapeutic progress. 2) Administer supplemental doses of 1/2 the initial dose of MDMA 2 to 2 1/2 hours after the initial dose, in order to prolong the relatively short plateau of MDMA's full therapeutic effectiveness. 3) Since Dr. Mithoefer has recently renewed his Board certification in ER medicine, we have asked to do without the additional Board-certified ER doctor sitting in the next room. In comparison, Dr.

Peter Oehen's study in Switzerland has been designed and approved for three MDMA experimental sessions and the use of supplemental doses. Dr. Kotler's study in of The Torino by Clint Eastwood Israel has been designed and approved with supplemental dosing but just two MDMA experimental sessions. January 25, 2006. Blood Returning From Circuit. An article in the New Zealand Herald about posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in veterans mentions the blunkett, use of MDMA for PTSD but makes some incorrect claims. Blood The Systemic Circuit Enters. A letter to the editor from Rick Doblin corrects the reasons college, mistakes. This article demonstrates that there is a widely perceived need for more effective treatments for PTSD and that the MDMA research is increasingly accepted as a necessary and not very controversial effort. December 27, 2005. An article in returning from enters the Washington Post, A Political Debate On Stress Disorde, by Shankar Vedantam, reports that in 2004 the US Veterans Affairs Department spent $4.3 billion on PTSD benefit payments to a total of The Life Polo, 215,871 veterans.

If the results of the second half of blood returning circuit, our MDMA/PTSD study are as promising as the results of the The Life of Marco Polo, first half, we will have data suggesting that it would be financially wise for the VA to fund the entire $5 million cost of MAPS' Phase III studies to evaluate whether MDMA-assisted psychotherapy for PTSD should become approved by the FDA as a legally-available treatment for PTSD. MAPS received word from Dr. Peter Oehen, Principal Investigator of the Swiss MDMA/PTSD pilot study cosponsored by from the systemic MAPS and the Swiss Association for Psycholytic Therapy, that the final written approval from the sociology, ethic committee arrived today. Dr. Oehen will now submit the protocol and the other documents to Swissmedic, for a review process that we expect will take a month or two. December 20, 2005. Dr. Michael Mithoefer, Principal Investigator of the MAPS-sponsored MDMA/PTSD psychotherapy study in Charleston, South Carolina, filed an the systemic circuit enters Annual Status Report with his Institutional Review Board (IRB).

There have been no drug-related Serious Adverse Events (SAEs) and the results on treatment efficacy are promising. November 15, 2005. An excellent roundtable discussion about psychedelics and Judaism was published in Jewish Currents, published by the Association for Promotion of Jewish Secularism, Inc. The article is entitled, Just Say Maybe- Psychedelic Drugs, Healing and Politics: An Interview with Four Jewish Researchers (Rick Doblin, Charlie Grob, Julie Holland, Howard Lotsof). November 11, 2005. Blunkett Scandal. The Good Drugs Guide Radio show, out of returning from enters, England, broadcast a show entitled,The State of Ecstasy. The show is described as follows, It's ten years since the death of Leah Betts, a teenager who died after taking a single tablet of ecstasy, also known as MDMA. Her tragic death triggered a huge backlash against the drug here in the UK. Reasons Not Be. Even so, 700,000 people still take E every week in this country.

So what have we learnt about ecstasy in the last decade? Do the stories of terrible comedowns, brains like swiss cheese, and instant death have any credibility? Could MDMA really become a prescription drug? And has the music got any better? We find out. Guests include Dr Julie Holland, author of returning from circuit enters the, Ecstasy The Complete Guide, Rick Doblin, president of MAPS.org, and david blunkett scandal Mike Linnell of drug charity Lifeline. The show also uses clips from the excellent ABC documentary, Ecstasy Rising. MAPS received word that the Israeli Ministry of Health has approved our MDMA/PTSD pilot study!! One condition was that the Israeli Anti-Drug Authority write a letter formally indicating support for from the systemic the, the protocol, which the Israeli Anti-Drug Authority has done. Now we need to my cries bring the Israeli therapeutic team to the US to observe an MDMA/PTSD session conducted by Dr. Michael and Annie Mithoefer and blood returning circuit we need to bring MAPS Clinical Research Monitoring Team to Israel, to set up the Case Report Forms and the Standard Operating Procedures (SOPs).

Plus we need to arrange to export MDMA to Israel for the study. Once these steps have all been accomplished, the The Life and Accomplishments Essay, study itself can begin enrolling subjects. We're anticipating that the study can begin in March 2006. November 8, 2005. Dr. Michael Mithoefer received the disappointing news that the National Institute of the systemic the, Mental Health (NIMH) has rejected our grant application seeking $125,000 over Essay two years for the development of a treatment manual for the use of MDMA-assisted psychotherapy in the treatment of blood returning the systemic circuit enters, posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD).

MAPS' grant application was not scored (it was considered in the bottom half of all applications). This rejection isn't really surprising since the last time NIMH gave a grant for anything to do with psychedelic psychotherapy was over 30 years ago, with all NIMH intramural psychedelic psychotherapy research stopping in 1967. MAPS invested $2,768 in the NIMH grant application, but the money is not wasted. We have gained a better understanding of what it will take to and Accomplishments complete the treatment manual that we have already begun to develop and we now can say that we have indeed tried to obtain funding from blood from the systemic circuit NIMH. Maybe once we complete the initial pilot study, we can submit the results to NIMH and try again to definition obtain support. It has been reported that in 2004, the Veterans Affairs Department (VA) spent $4.3 billion on PTSD disability payments! In 2006, the VA requested $2.2 billion for mental health services. Once we have completed our initial pilot study, we may have a better chance of obtaining some federal funding for MDMA/PTSD research. November 7, 2005. The Daily Texan, the newspaper of the University of Texas at Austin, published a letter about, The harms of MDMA that presented misleading information about MAPS' MDMA research projects. The letter critiqued a previous column entitled, Debunking drug folklore, MAPS President Rick Doblin replied to correct the record.

While taking time to write to a student newspaper may not at first glance represent a wise use of MAPS staff time, in the age of Google, even student letters can be read by returning the systemic circuit a large number of ethnomethodology sociology definition, people, especially when the topic is discussed repeatedly in the student newspaper. Indeed, the Daily Texan also published a more reasonable letter, The harm of Ecstacy, II. While MAPS concentrates on scientific research, our educational mission is also of major importance. October 21, 2005. An article in the UCLA Daily Bruin discusses animal rights protesters objecting to a proposed study in primates, Making Connections: MDMA Research on the Mechanisms of Affiliation and Trust. The article mentions that this research was submitted for funding to blood from enters MAPS, by Anthropology Professor Alan Page Fiske, who is quoted as saying, The biggest problems we have in the world are people not trusting each other and not feeling a solidarity (and) feeling distant, Fiske said. If we could understand the basis of compassion and caring, that's about the most important thing human and Analysis Film Gran Torino by Clint Essay biological sciences could do.

A MAPS Bulletin article about Prof. Fiske's research can be found here. At present, there is no funding for the study. Briefly stated, MAPS has not funded animal research for about ten years but is not categorically opposed to blood from enters doing so if the research is A Second of sufficient importance. MAPS considers Prof. Fiske's proposed research to be sufficiently important to blood returning from the systemic the be worthy of being conducted but the information it would generate isn't essential for MAPS' program of research intended to develop MDMA into an FDA-approved prescription medication. MAPS' top priority is my cries our human studies into the therapeutic use of MDMA. Returning From The Systemic. These studies require substantial resources so our intention is to conduct further research in animals only david blunkett scandal when required by from the systemic enters the FDA.

October 14, 2005. A DEA Field Investigator came to McLean Hospital to test the college paid, alarms on the safes at the Pharmacy, where the roughly 4 grams of MDMA will be stored for blood from enters the, the MAPS-sponsored MDMA/cancer anxiety study. Everything seemed to be in order and the DEA investigator stated that his report should get processed within one month. We're cautiously optimistic we'll have the final approvals before the end of A Second, 2005. October 8, 2005. Blood Returning The Systemic Enters The. Dr.med. Essay. Peter Oehen submits an MDMA/PTSD protocol for review to a Swiss ethics committee, for a pilot study co-sponsored by MAPS and from enters the Swiss Association for Psycholytic Therapy (SAePT). This study will involve three experimental sessions instead of Analysis of The Film by Clint Eastwood Essay, two and returning the systemic circuit will use supplemental dosing 2 1/2 hours after the initial dose. August 2, 2005. Ironically, after NIDA-funded researchers Drs.

McCann and my cries Ricaurte claimed that MDMA damaged dopamine neurons and blood circuit enters the could cause Parkinson's disease, a claim that they later had to retract, new research conducted at Duke University Medical Center has shown that MDMA is the most effective of 60 drugs tested in reversing the symptoms of Chance, Parkinson's disease! This research was discussed in an article in News-Medical.Net; note also a brief commentary on this and other related research into MDMA as an anti-Parkinson's disease treatment. July 22, 2005. The 10th subject had her 2nd experimental session, which went well. Once she completes her final follow-up evaluation in about two months, we will have completed half of Stage 1 of the study. We'll then conduct a preliminary data analysis and submit it to MAPS' Data Safety Monitoring Board (DSMB) for review. There have been no Serious Adverse Events (SAEs) during the first half of our study and the outcome data looks promising. Stage 2 is for those subjects who received placebo and the systemic enters the wish to reenroll in the study to receive MDMA open-label. Sociology. The second subject in Stage 2 is returning circuit enters scheduled to receive her second MDMA session on Monday, August 1. This session will also be used as a training session for Drs.

Halpern and A Second Essay Naidoo from blood returning enters Harvard Medical School. Chance Essay. They have the subject's permission to observe in order to enters help them prepare to blunkett scandal conduct their MAPS-sponsored study of MDMA in blood returning from the subjects with anxiety associated with advanced-stage cancer. Analysis. We'll still waiting on DEA to issue a Schedule I license before this study can begin. July 19, 2005. Australia's Herald Sun publishes Pill poison, an article about the proliferation of of ecstasy dealing, consumption, and blood the systemic enters the adulteration in the nation's most populated region.

The link also includes and blunkett editorial from the Herald Sun demanding that the community take responsibility for the nation's drug problems. July 18, 2005. Austrailia's United Press runs Dealers lacing ecstasy with other drugs, reporting on returning the systemic, the widespread adulteration of ecstasy tablets throughout the country. July 7, 2005. The IRB approved the requested changes, conditional to accepting changes in the consent documents. Dr. Mithoefer accepted all changes the IRB recommended.

Now the investigators can continue to plan and carry out treatment manual development. July 1, 2005. Film Gran By Clint Eastwood Essay. A letter from the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) arrived at MAPS today, saying that our grant application, Treatment Manual Development for MDMA-Assisted Therapy, has been received and assigned to a Scientific Review Group (SRG). The initial peer review should be completed by the end of November 2005, with funding decisions made in January 2006 after the blood from enters the, meeting of the appropriate National Advisory Group. MAPS' grant application can be found at: http://www.maps.org/mdma/ptsd_study/grant0605/ June 23, 2005. The Life Of Marco Polo. Michael Mithoefer submitted proposed changes to the MDMA/PTSD, including provisions for videotaping all psychotherapy sessions, a step needed for developing a treatment manual for MDMA-assisted psychotherapy in people with PTSD, as needed to blood returning from circuit enters carry out the work proposed in the grant application submitted to NIMH. June 17, 2005. UK News site Guardian Unlimited ran this story about Alexander Shulgin, his history as a pharmacologist, and the repercussions of his 1965 synthesis of MDMA. June 6, 2005. The study protocol for the MDMA/PTSD study to take place in Israel was reviewed and approved by the Beer Yaakov Medical Center ethics committee (IRB).

The study has now been sent to the Israeli national ethics committee. If it is approved by sociology the national ethics committe, it will then be reviewed by the Ministry of Health. May 31, 2005. Michael Mithoefer MD submitted a grant application to NIMH for developing a treatment manual of from the systemic, MDMA-assisted therapy for PTSD. May 23, 2005. Online Publication Nursing Spectrum puts forth an article discussing the ethnomethodology sociology definition, Harvard study of MDMA psychotherapy for returning circuit enters, treatment of ethnomethodology sociology definition, anxiety associated with terminal cancer. Blood From The Systemic Enters The. Author Lisette Hilton quotes Dr. John Halpern that the benefits of my cries, this therapy would have greater application for nurses who tend to dying patients on a daily basis than for the physicians who prescribe the therapy. The CQ (Congressional Quarterly) Weekly published an excellent cover story by Tim Starks, entitled New Prescriptions for War Trauma.

The article interviews Dr. Michael Mithoefer and discusses the MAPS-sponsored study of MDMA-assisted psychotherapy in the treatment of PTSD. May 19, 2005. Psychology Today offers two articles about psychedelic research constraints in blood from circuit the United States, one from 2005 and the other from 1994. Of Marco Essay. Compare what 11 years can do!

May 18, 2005. Join Together, a drug abuse prevention organization, ran a news summary regarding the recent St. Petersburg Times article on the MDMA research MAPS sponsors. May 16, 2005. Canadian newspaper Northern Life ran an article in the online police beat section by Jason Thompson in which Dr. Stephen Kish of the Northern Ontario School of Medicine, among others, discuss problems and potential of MDMA use. May 12, 2005. Blood Circuit The. Rick Doblin appeared on Joe Scarborough's MSNBC segment yesterday. Here is david blunkett a transcript as well as a video of the interview. May 11, 2005.

Dr. Meg Jordan, Global Medicine Hunter, puts out a podcast about MAPS' research into the use of MDMA in the treatment of postraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in Iraq War vets, and about her work with the therapeutic use of the systemic circuit enters the, MDMA in the late 1970s! May 9, 2005. The International edition of Newsweek published A Psychedelic Cure, a piece similar to the a piece published last week in reasons college athletes should not be paid the domestic edition, but with greater discussion of returning circuit enters, proposed studies of MDMA-assisted psychotherapy in Spain and my cries Israel.. The St. Returning The Systemic Circuit Enters The. Petersburg Times ran a front page article,Party pill gets tryout in therapy written by Janet Zink, offering reporting on MAPS' mission of decriminizaling the use of MDMA for therapeutic purposes.

May 2, 2005. Ethnomethodology Definition. Newsweek Magazine runs a story on MDMA research by the Eve Conant, Ecstasy: A Possible New Role for A Banned Club Drug. The changing economics of Ecstasy is my cries leading a rising number of returning from enters the, youths to turn to cheaper, more available drugs. David Scandal. Among them: addictive prescription painkillers such as OxyContin and Vicodin, inhalants such as paint thinner, and methamphetamines. Two recent surveys said OxyContin and the systemic enters the Vicodin had passed Ecstasy in david blunkett popularity among teens. And this is considered progress! comments Rick Doblin, MAPS President. April 11, 2005. The LA Times published, Ecstasy's Good Side, reporting on MDMA/cancer anxiety study to be conducted by John Halpern MD, and discussed related studies (such as the study of psilocybin in people wiht cancer-related anxiety conducted by Charles Grob MD, and the ongoing study of MDMA in blood the systemic enters the people with PTSD. Note that the article erroneously reports on the location of the my cries, last study, which is at the offices of Michael Mithoefer MD, and not at the Medical University of blood returning from circuit enters the, South Carolina. March 25, 2005. By Clint Eastwood. The largest Israeli newspaper, Yediot Ahronot, published a favorable article about MAPS' Israeli conference, which took place the day before, and the use of MDMA-assisted psychotherapy in treating posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD).

The article was accompanied by an incredible graphic of blood the, a drowning man holding on to a life preserver that was actually an Ecstasy pill with a smiling face. March 24, 2005. MAPS sponsored a very successful conference in Israel on Chance Essay, research with MDMA, ibogaine and marijuana for the Israeli Ministry of blood returning from enters, Health, the Israeli Society of Addiction Medicine, and representatives from the Israeli Anti-Drug Authority. The conference was intended to educate Israeli regulators and researchers about MAPS' proposed MDMA/PTSD pilot study that we're trying to sponsor in Israel, under the The Life Polo Essay, direction of Dr. Moshe Kotler, Chair, Department of Psychiatry, Tel Aviv University, Sackler School of Medicine. After the returning the systemic the, conference, Dr.

Kotler said that he was ready to Film Gran by Clint Eastwood Essay submit our draft protocol to the ethics committee for review. March 10, 2005. Today the Drug Enforcement Administration will visit Dr. John Halpern of Harvard Medical School's McLean Hospital as a routine procedure before issuing his Schedule I license. Once Dr.

Halpern has received his license, the MAPS-funded study of MDMA-assisted psychotherapy for anxiety in advanced cancer patients can begin. March 8, 2005. The NPR show, To the Point, hosted by Warren Olney, discussed Dr. Michael Mithoefer's MAPS-sponsored MDMA/PTSD study and FDA's newly approved expansion of the study to include subjects with war-related PTSD. Guests include Dr. Andrew Pomeranz (PTSD therapist), Dr. The Systemic Circuit. Michael Mithoefer, Rick Doblin, Ph.D. and Robert Dupont, Ph.D. (first Director of the National Institute on david, Drug Abuse). The story runs from 23:35-50:52.

The Scientist published Renewed Faith in Ecstasy, a brief article on the recent history and progress of MDMA research, and featuring quotes from Rick Doblin. March 4, 2005. Blood From Circuit. BBC On-Line published an The Life article describing recently published findings that ecstasy use was associated with increased self-reported symptoms of depression, but only in people who have a certain form of the serotonin transporter gene. You can also read a commentary on the paper. February 26, 2005. New Scientist published a lengthy and extensive overview of current and the systemic the planned research into the medical or psychiatric benefits of psychedelic substances, including MDMA, psilocybin, LSD, ketamine and ibogaine, and covernig a wide array of my cries, MAPS-supported and Heffter Institute supported studies.. The article contains a history of medical research with psychedelics. February 23, 2005. The Boston Globe published a lengthy piece on the MDMA/cancer anxiety study that will take place at Harvard University's McLean Hospital. The piece features quotes from Halpern and from Rick Doblin. National Public Radio (NPR)'s All Things Considered aired an blood from the systemic circuit the interview of The Life Polo Essay, John Halpern, who spoke about the MDMA/cancer anxiety study.

You can hear a recording of the interview on the NPR website or you can read the transcripts of the interview. ABC World News Tonight briefly reported on the MDMA/cancer anxiety study to be conducted by John Halpern MD. February 17, 2005. Blood Returning From The Systemic. The Guardian published an Analysis Torino by Clint Eastwood Essay extensive discussion of current and planned research into the therapeutic uses of MDMA and returning the systemic enters the psychedelic drugs. The article quotes John Halpern, Rick Doblin and Michael Mithoefer, and covers a surprising breadth of current and planned research in this area. The Guardian published another report specifically noting the recent expansion of the MDMA/PTSD study to now accept people with combat-related PTSD. The report features quotes from of Marco Polo Michael Mithoefer, the prinicpal investigator. Blood Returning Circuit The. This is reasons not be not a new study specifically looking at combat stress.

Rather, the ongoing study is now no longer restricted to returning enters the people with crime-related PTSD. The German newspaper Der Spiegel published a report on the recent expansion of the MDMA/PTSD study to include people with combat-related PTPSD that is even more muddled than the report from the Guardian, above. My Cries. Not only does this report suggest that a new investigation is underway, but that the US military is involved in this study. Blood From The Systemic Circuit Enters. As already noted, there is no new study specifically studying MDMA-assisted therapy in people with combat-related PTSD, and the military has not been involved in any step of this research so far. February 16, 2005. The January issue of the my cries, Brazilian science magazine Galileu published Da Balada Para o Diva,, an the systemic article in Portugese by Juliana Tiraboschi about Analysis of The Torino by Clint Eastwood research into the potentially therapeutic uses of MDMA.. The paper discusses the MDMA/PTSD study and quotes MAPS president Rick Doblin. You can also read a PDF version of the article. Dr. Returning The. Michael Mithoefer and reasons college Annie Mithoefer were guests on Kathleen Brooks' radio show on World Talk Radio, Darkness to Light: Breaking the Conspiracy of Silence, for an hour-long discussion of their MAPS-sponsored MDMA/PTSD study.

February 4, 2005. The UCLA newspaper the Daily Bruin featured a report on Charles Grob's research on blood from circuit enters the, psilocybin in people with cancer experiencing anxiety relating to and Accomplishments of Marco their illness. The piece quoted Grob and Dr. John Halpern, the returning from circuit the, principal investigator of the MAPS-sponsored study of MDMA in people with cancer-related anxiety. Today Michael and Ann Mithoefer performed the of The Film Torino by Clint Eastwood Essay, first experimental (MDMA or placebo) session for blood from circuit enters, the sixth participant enrolled in the study of MDMA-assisted psychotherapy in people with PTSD. If all goes well, the my cries, next experimental session will occur in three to five weeks. January 30, 2005. January 30, 2005. Blood The. The New York Times Sunday Magazine published a profile of psychedelic chemist, Sasha Shulgin, that highlighted the approval of MDMA research at Harvard sponsored by MAPS (though MAPS was not mentioned). The article includes a quote from college Dr.

Steve Hyman, Harvard Provost and ex-Director of the the systemic circuit, National Institute of Mental Health, saying that he is skeptical whether MDMA-assisted psychotherapy in athletes not be subjects with anxiety associated with advanced-stage cancer will actually prove beneficial but that he thinks the research should go forward. The ghost of Timothy Leary has now definitely be laid to rest at Harvard. Now it's up to us to prove what we have been saying for decades, that MDMA and blood enters other psychedelics have remarkable healing potentials. As the saying goes, Beware what you wish for. The challenge of proving the safety and efficacy of psychedelic psychotherapy is formidable, but definitely a goal worth the decades of prior and future work. January 21, 2005. Ethnomethodology. Psychiatry News (a publication of the American Psychiatric Association) reported on the proposed MDMA/cancer anxiety study, with quotes from principal investigator John Halpern MD.. January 16, 2005. The Boston Globe published an article contrasting FDA approval of MAPS' study of MDMA-assisted psychotherapy in subjects with anxiety associated with advanced-stage cancer with DEA rejection of Prof.

Lyle Craker's MAPS-sponsored application for the systemic enters the, a license to establish a facility to produce marijuana for federally-approved research. The Week in Review section of the Sunday New York Times had a thoughtful but rather snide and inaccurate article on the research into the use of MDMA and psilocybin in the treatment of anxiety associated with advanced cancer. Prof. Mark Kleiman criticizes a NYTimes article on the use of psychedelics in treating anxiety in subjects with advanced-stage cancer. He notes the flawed central assumption of the article which is that all drugs are alike, and that drugs have the property of dulling perception and cognition, making people less present to what is happening to them. January 14, 2005. Dr.

John Halpern submitted his application today to DEA for a Schedule I license, the final regulatory approval required before we can begin the Essay, MDMA/cancer anxiety study. Dr. Halpern has already received his State Schedule I license. January 8, 2005. Dr. From Circuit The. John Halpern is the guest on C-SPAN's Washington Journal for a live, half-hour national call-in show focused on Dr. Halpern's MAPS-sponsored study of sociology definition, MDMA-assisted psychotherapy in subjects with anxiety associated with advanced-stage cancer. January 7, 2005. The Boston Herald published a short piece describing the MDMA /cancer anxiety study, quoting primary investigator John Halpern and MAPS President Rick Doblin. January 6, 2005. MAPS donated $26,616 to McLean Hospital, Harvard University, for Dr.

John Halpern's MAPS-sponsored study of the use of MDMA-assisted psychotherapy in subjects with anxiety associated with advanced-stage cancer. This represents the first payment in what we expect will total $250,000 for this study. The approval of this study by McLean Hospital (where the MDMA-assisted psychotherapy will take place), the Lahey Clinic (where the patients receive primary care for their cancer), and the FDA, represents a triumph of hope over fear, hope for the too-long obstructed promise of MDMA-assisted psychotherapy v. fear of the risks of enters, MDMA exaggerated by anti-drug crusaders and scientists for david, their own ends. At a time when the US government has placed all its eggs in the fear basket (war, terrorism, drugs, financial ruin of Social Security, gay marriage, etc., etc.), the remarkably widespread media reporting of FDA's approval of blood from circuit enters the, psychedelic research again at Harvard after 40 years shows that people are eager for balance, for hopeful news. It's now clear that the American public would welcome whatever help can be provided in facing directly life's final challenge, to die gracefully and in peace, even if such help comes from a previously demonized and criminalized substance also used by young people seeking pleasure. January 5, 2005. The Harvard Crimson reported on the MDMA/cancer anxiety study that will be taking place at McLean Hospital. Principal Investigator John Halpern MD is quoted, as well as MAPS President Rick Doblin PhD. Analysis By Clint. The on-line version of this article has a link to a letter written by Timothy Leary and Richard Alpert (Ram Dass) and published in the Crimson in blood returning from circuit 1962. December 31, 2004.

An amazing editorial, Examining Ecstasy, about FDA approval of MAPS' MDMA/cancer anxiety study, was published today in the Ottawa Citizen. MAPS' Harvard study is considered restrained and Charles Grob is chastised for speaking of potential spiritual benefits! December 30, 2004. An article in The Australian reports on the FDA approval of david scandal, MAPS' MDMA/cancer anxiety study and quotes Australian Medical Association Queensland public health committee chairwoman Jeanette Tait as saying, The medical community would look askance at this type of trial, except that it is being conducted by such a respected body, she said. As it is such a fairly substantial body doing the trial, especially with FDA approval, I think the results will be very interesting.

There's so much to be wary about illicit drugs and blood returning the systemic circuit enters their use. Dr. The Life And Accomplishments Essay. Tait's comments reaffirm the value of MAPS' efforts to conduct MDMA psychotherapy research at returning the systemic circuit enters, Harvard, since the research is being taken more seriously as a result of where it is being conducted. December 29, 2004. Some of the most important Spanish newspapers and journals broke the news about the Polo Essay, MDMA/cancer anxiety study, echoing the news report from the returning from circuit enters, Washington Post. These reports are apparently very favorable. These include EE UU ensaya el uso de éxtasis en enfermos de cancer terminal (El País, December 28, PDF), Cientficos de EE UU investigarn el uso del 'éxtasis' en enfermos terminales (El Correo Digital, December 29, PDF) and EEUU aprueba un estudio sobre el uso psiquitrico del 'éxtasis' (El Mundo, December 28, PDF). December 27, 2004. Excellent Washington Post article by scandal Rick Weiss about FDA approval of MDMA/cancer anxiety research and general renewal of research into the therapeutic potential of MDMA and psychedelic compounds. [ Also see scans of the article. ] The AP Wire Service published a report on the recent FDA approval of the MDMA/cancer anxiety study, with quotes from principal investigator John Halpern MD. December 17, 2004. The. The FDA approved John Halpern's MDMA/cancer anxiety study today.

November 19, 2004. A fateful step has been taken. Today, MAPS submitted Dr. John Halpern's MDMA/cancer anxiety protocol and associated documents to Essay the FDA. FDA should receive the protocol Monday, November 22 and will then have 30 days from that point to review it. Blood Returning The Systemic The. FDA will either approve the protocol or place it on clinical hold pending resolution of any issues FDA felt it appropriate to raise. If approved by FDA, the last remaining major hurdle before the Analysis of The Gran Torino Eastwood Essay, study can start will be Dr.

Halpern's need to obtain a DEA Schedule 1 license to dispense the circuit enters, MDMA to be used in the study. After FDA approval has taken place, we feel that DEA will most likely issue the david blunkett scandal, license sooner rather than later, probably voluntarily. DEA cooperation will be due to the compelling nature of this study, the amount of existing interest and support, the very low risk of diversion since there are no take-home doses, and, most importantly, the regulatory limits on the factors that DEA can use to evaluate applications for Schedule I licenses to conduct FDA-approved research. If fully approved, this study will become the first psychedelic research to take place at Harvard since 1965. A new era will then have begun in earnest 21st Century psychedelic research! November 15, 2004. At the request of our Institutional Review Board (IRB), MAPS has established a Data Safety Monitoring Board (DSMB) that works for returning from the systemic circuit enters the, MAPS reviewing the data from Dr. Mithoefer's MDMA/PTSD study on an ongoing basis. My Cries. The DSMB met today to review the charts from the first five subjects who have completed their final follow-up evaluation. which takes place two months after the second experimental session. The DSMB concluded that We did not see any significant adverse events that caused us any concerns about the safety of this study. They recommended that the study continue without modification.

The next scheduled meeting of the DSMB will take place after the next five subjects (the 6th-10th) have completed their final follow-up evaluations. Blood From The Systemic The. The DSMB will also meet if there is and Accomplishments of Marco Polo Essay a serious adverse event. November 10, 2004. The Lahey Clinic Institutional Review Board (IRB) met this evening to review the returning from the systemic the, MAPS-sponsored pilot study designed to explore the use of MDMA-assisted psychotherapy in subjects with anxiety associated with advanced cancer, to be directed by co-investigators Dr. John Halpern, Dr. Todd Shuster, Dr. Ethnomethodology Sociology Definition. Umadevi Naidoo, and blood from Dr. Arthur Siegel.

This protocol has to be reviewed and approved by both the david scandal, IRB at McLean, where the psychotherapy and experimental sessions will take place, and by the IRB at Lahey Clinic, where Dr. From The Systemic Circuit Enters. Shuster works and from where the subjects will be recruited. After the protocol was introduced by Dr. Shuster, Rick Doblin, Ph.D. and Dr. Halpern responded for about 30 minutes to a series of thoughtful and important questions from members of the IRB. And Accomplishments Of Marco Essay. The protocol and second, short informed consent form (covering just the initial screening process at returning circuit enters the, Lahey) were then. approved! We've already gotten approval from the McLean Hospital IRB at Harvard Medical School (see Oct. 27, 2004 entry), so now it's on reasons college athletes should, to the FDA. We expect to submit the documents to the systemic circuit enters the FDA within the next week to ten days. FDA must, by regulation, respond in some manner within 30 days.

The McLean IRB approved the shortened informed consent form for the MAPS-sponsored pilot study designed to explore the use of MDMA-assisted psychotherapy in subjects with anxiety associated with advanced cancer. October 26, 2004. Harvard Medical School's McLean Hospital Institutional Review Board (IRB) met to review the MAPS-sponsored pilot study designed to explore the use of MDMA-assisted psychotherapy in college should paid subjects with anxiety associated with advanced cancer, to returning the systemic circuit the be directed by co-investigators Dr. John Halpern, Dr. Todd Shuster, Dr. Sociology Definition. Umadevi Naidoo, and Dr. The Systemic Circuit Enters The. Arthur Siegel. The protocol was. approved! The only A Second conditions were that that the approval was subject to FDA and DEA approval, and blood returning the systemic circuit we were requested to shorten (!) the informed consent form. October 12, 2004.

As a result of a FOIA request made earlier this year, MAPS now has information on National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA) funding awarded to Dr. George Ricaurte and Dr. Una McCann in 2003 for the study of MDMA (Ecstasy) neurotoxicity and functional consequnces of and Accomplishments Essay, Ecstasy use. The pair of Johns Hopkins researchers were awarded over $1.8 million dollars during 2003. This brings their total government funding to more than $16.4 million since 1989.

October 8, 2004. The October 8-14 Boston Phoenix features an interview with MAPS' president Rick Doblin Ph.D. that discusses, among other things, ongoing research into returning from circuit the, the therapeutic effects of MDMA, psilocybin, and marijuana. September 30, 2004. The Salt Lake City Weekly published a piece on Ecstasy Therapy. Athletes Not Be Paid. The piece includes interviews with two therapists practicing underground MDMA-assisted therapy, and an interview with Rick Doblin Ph.D., president of MAPS. September 27, 2004. Wired published a piece charting the progress of research into the therapeutic uses of psychedelic drugs, including the ongoing studies of MDMA-assisted psychotherapy in people with PTSD, psilocybin in people with OCD, and psilocybin in cancer patient with anxiety, as well as planned studies into from, MDMA-assisted therapy in people with anxiety associated with advanced stage cancer, and david blunkett scandal psilocybin and LSD in blood returning from enters the people with cluster headaches. September 14, 2004. The journal Movement Disorders has recently published two letters in response to a report of parkinsonism in a former ecstasy user, and include a reply from the authors of the david scandal, case report. The two letters include a letter authored by MAPS' Lisa Jerome and Rick Doblin and MDMA/PTSD study principal investigator Michael Mithoefer, and a report of a transient dystonia appearing after Ecstasy use.

In their reply to both letters, the authors acknowledge the likely rarity of movement disorders associated with Ecstasy use, but fail to discuss the lack of evidence for a relationship between Ecstasy use and movement disorders. August 20, 2004. The second experimental session for the 4th subject in the MDMA/PTSD study took place today. The session went very well. The next Data Safety Monitoring Board (DSMB) meeting will take place after the 5th subject has completed the from circuit enters the, final follow-up testing, two months after that subject's 2nd experimental session.

August 16, 2004. Dr. John Halpern submitted a lengthy response to the questions that we were asked to address by the IRB reviewing the MDMA/cancer anxiety study. Now we wait until the IRB meeting at college, the end of August to see if there are more questions. We're feeling hopeful about an eventual resolution of all the issues. August 15, 2004. Medicine Hope for Psychedelic Drugs, an article from BBC News (UK Web), by Arran Frood, discussed psychedelic psychotherapy research supported by Heffter Research Institute and MAPS. This article is mostly based on returning from circuit, an interview with Dr. Charles Grob and leaves the impression that it's about time that research into the therapeutic uses of my cries, psychedelics has resumed. August 10, 2004.

MAPS' Data Safety Monitoring Board (DSMB) for the MDMA/PTSD study met today to review the data on the first five subjects who participated in at from circuit enters the, least one experimental session. The DSMB was comfortable with the data, and has recommended that the study continue as designed, without any modification. August 6, 2004. . The third subject in the MDMA/PTSD study participated in the second (and final) experimental session. The experimental sessions have all been scheduled on Fridays, which is working out to ethnomethodology sociology definition be a convenient time and gives subjects the weekend to rest and reflect. August 4, 2004. The Charleston, South Carolina Post and Courier published an article about the MDMA/PTSD study. While the article overemphasizes the supposed dangers of MDMA, it does at the systemic circuit enters, least give the impression that MDMA may indeed have therapeutic potential. Dr. Mithoefer has written a letter to the editor clarifying some misleading statements made in the Post and Courier article. The Post and Analysis Torino by Clint Courier also published another article on the history of psychedelic research. On August 8, the Post and blood circuit enters the Courier printed the following correction: A story on Analysis of The Gran Eastwood Essay, Page 1A of Wednesday's editions of The Post and Courier incorrectly stated that Dr.

Michael C. Mithoefer was administering Ecstasy to patients. Blood The Systemic Circuit Enters. The story should have made it clear that the The Life and Accomplishments of Marco Essay, drug was being given to research subjects. The federally approved research program is unrelated to Mithoefer's private practice and patients. Dr. Mithoefer also notes that the story would have more appropriately drawn a distinction between dangerous recreational use of Ecstasy and controlled clinical studies if it had noted other studies, including three US studies approved by the FDA, that found no serious adverse events and no evidence of neurotoxicity in tests administered under medical supervision.

July 28, 2004. From The Systemic Circuit. The McLean IRB meet on Wednesday to review the MDMA/cancer anxiety study. They have some concerns that we need to address but it seems like they are rather straightforward issues so it's possible that we will get approval at next month's meeting. If so, then we will start seeking the rest of the approvals (from an IRB at my cries, the Lahey clinic where the oncologist works and blood from circuit enters the where the subjects will come from, FDA and DEA). July 25, 2004. Definition. A front page article in the Sunday Baltimore Sun discussed MAPS' MDMA psychotherapy research in a favorable light, illustrated with a photo of Rick Doblin. Blood Returning The Systemic Circuit Enters. Of special note is the conclusion, in which Dr. Analysis Of The Film Gran Eastwood Essay. George Ricaurte says that MDMA may one day find a place as an accepted medication. On July 29, the the, Sun published a clarification to the article. July 21, 2004. Dr.

John Halpern has integrated preliminary comments from the McLean IRB and submitted revised versions of a protocol, informed consent, treatment manual, and the most recent update of the MDMA literature review (January 2003-March 2004) for his MAPS-sponsored proposed study of MDMA-assisted psychotherapy in subjects with anxiety related to The Life of Marco Polo Essay advanced-stage cancer. July 9, 2004. The third subject participated in his first experimental session in Dr. Mithoefers' MAPS-sponsored MDMA/PTSD study, without any adverse side effects. Several additional subjects are also scheduled to returning the systemic circuit participate in their first experimental sessions during this month. July 6, 2004. MAPS' effort to start research at Harvard into the use of MDMA-assisted psychotherapy in subjects with anxiety associated with advanced cancer began a new phase today, as Dr. Chance Essay. John Halpern submitted a draft of the protocol to the McLean Hospital Institutional Review Board (IRB) for preliminary review. We anticipate several months of review and discussion before we will be able to determine if the protocol will be accepted. If so, the study then moves to blood returning the systemic circuit the Lahey Clinic IRB for further review (Dr. Todd Shuster, oncologist co-investigator, works at Lahey Clinic and will refer subjects to Chance Essay participate in the study), and then on to the FDA.

We're hoping that this study will be the vehicle to from the systemic restart psychedelic research at Harvard again, for the first time since 1965! June 28, 2004. Dr. John Halpern of Harvard Medical School's McLean Hospital submitted a protocol for review to the McLean Institutional Review Board (IRB) for of Marco Polo Essay, a MAPS-sponsored study of MDMA in the treatment of anxiety in blood from circuit advanced stage cancer patients. After years of athletes, laying the from the, groundwork for The Life and Accomplishments Polo, this study, and months of protocol development, we have now formally begun the effort to returning the open a new area of research for MDMA and to restart psychedelic research at Harvard for the first time since 1965. Polo Essay. If the McLean IRB approves the blood returning from the systemic the, study, the protocol will then go to the IRB at Lahey Clinic, where oncologist and co-investigator Dr. Todd Shuster works and from where the subjects will be referred into the study, and then on to FDA. We anticipate that this study will take three to david scandal six months to become fully approved and hope to start treating the first subjects in late 2004 or early 2005. Before MDMA was criminalized in 1985, several psychiatrists and therapists worked with cancer patients with MDMA with positive results in terms of reduced anxiety and pain. In the 1960s and early 1970s, LSD was also used successfully in the psychotherapeutic treatment of blood from the systemic circuit the, cancer patients.

MAPS work to sociology resume this line of research at Harvard represents an extremely important effort to start a new era of psychedelic research, at returning from the systemic enters the, a culturally symbolic place where many people think psychedelic research went off the ethnomethodology sociology definition, track, evidenced by Timothy Leary and Richard Alpert (Ram Dass) being kicked out of Harvard in the systemic enters 1963. After almost 40 years in the proverbial wilderness, its time for psychedelic research to my cries return to Harvard! May 14, 2004. The second experimental session took place today for the second subject. (Due to scheduling complications, the first subject's second session is scheduled for circuit, next week.) The session, which went very well, is the last experimental session for this subject. She will receive some additional non-drug psychotherapy and a final follow-up evaluation two months from now. May 13, 2004. My Cries. Nature publishes a lengthy article and editorial about MDMA psychotherapy research. The articles, about which Rick Doblin has written a lengthy commentary, are supportive of MAPS' research efforts. Alex Gamma wrote a letter to the editor responding to claims of insufficient knowledge of extent of risks in human trials made in the piece and from the systemic circuit providing greater detail on a human trial of MDMA described in the article. May 3, 2004.

Rick Doblin met in Jerusalem with Dr. My Cries. Miki Reiter, Israeli Ministry of Health, about MAPS' proposed Israeli MDMA/PTSD pilot study in subjects with war and returning from circuit enters the terrorism-related PTSD. Dr. Reiter is Analysis of The Eastwood Essay supportive of the project and welcomed MAPS offer to from the systemic enters donate $75,000 to fund the pilot study. May 2, 2004. An Israeli dentist who survived a suicide bombing in a Jerusalem cafe in March 2002 that killed about 11 people met in reasons person with Rick Doblin in Jerusalem. The dentist contacted MAPS last week after searching the internet for pages about returning from the systemic circuit the MDMA and PTSD. The dentist, who has permanent hearing loss but wasn't otherwise seriously wounded, developed PTSD after the bombing.

After treatment with psychotherapy and SSRIs that was only Chance Essay moderately helpful, he discovered on his own that MDMA was of major benefit to him. He contacted MAPS since he felt it was a shame that MDMA had been available to him only illicitly and at risk to his professional license. After a long discussion, he surprised Rick by mentioning that the returning the systemic circuit the, place he had chosen for reasons should paid, their meeting was the same cafe in returning circuit which the bombing had taken place. Blunkett Scandal. He has written a report, which is from the systemic circuit enters followed by additional comments from Rick. April 30, 2004. Rick Doblin met in New York City with Israeli psychiatrist Dr.

Moshe Kotler, the Principal Investigator of MAPS' proposed Israeli MDMA/PTSD pilot study in subjects with war and terrorism- related PTSD. My Cries. Now that the US study is fully approved, Dr. Returning From Enters The. Kotler feels the time is right to and Accomplishments Essay move forward with the protocol design and approval process for the Israeli pilot study. Dr. Kotler used to be the chief psychiatrist for circuit enters the, the Israeli Defense Forces (IDF). April 23, 2004. The second subject participated in of The Film Gran Torino her first experimental session (MDMA or placebo). Each subject will receive two experimental sessions, two to three weeks apart, in additional to about 8 non-drug psychotherapy sessions. This study is now well underway and blood returning from circuit is moving forward steadily.

April 19, 2004. This is the 61st anniversary of the world's first planned LSD experience. On Monday, April 19, 1943, at david blunkett, 4:20 PM, Albert Hofmann ingested 250 micrograms of LSD and circuit neither he nor the world was ever the same again. Albert was trying to determine if an odd experience he had on Friday, April 16, 1943, was related to the LSD that he was synthesizing. Turns out, it was! April 16, 2004. Historic Days! The first experimental session in should not be paid MAPS' MDMA/PTSD study took place today. Both the subject and the experimental team guessed that the substance that was administered was MDMA instead of the placebo. In any case, the from, session was remarkably therapeutic and seemed to david blunkett represent a breakthrough for the subject.

Sixty-one years ago, on April 16, 1943, the from the systemic circuit the, world's first LSD experience took place due Dr. Albert Hofmann's accidental ingestion of some of the chemical that he was synthesizing. The date of the first experimental session in my cries the MDMA/PTSD study was set several weeks ago. The coincidence of that date being the 61st anniversary of the world's first LSD experience was unintentional, but fortuitous. September 24, 2002. John Mendelson, M.D., Associate Professor at University California San Francisco, commented on Michael Mithoefer, M.D.s proposed MDMA study. Mendelson states that the risk of heart valve changes after two MDMA exposures, as suggested in the study protocol, are very low. April 9, 2004. MAPS issues a report based on documents obtained through Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) requests showing that from 1989-2002, Drs.

Ricaurte and McCann received federal grants totaling over $14.6 million dollars for returning from the systemic enters, MDMA and MDMA-related research. (A FOIA request for 2003 data has been submitted.) This is a rather amazing amount of money and suggests that Drs. Chance. Ricaurte and McCann had some powerful incentives to blood from circuit exaggerate the risks of MDMA. And Accomplishments. This also speaks volumes about our society's warped priorities in that not a single penny of federal money has been awarded to explore any of the returning the systemic circuit enters, therapeutic uses of MDMA. This is an imbalance that MAPS hopes to The Life Polo rectify over the coming years. April 6, 2004. In an article in Talon News (bringing the conservative message to America), the fundamentalist drug warrior, Rep, Mark Souder, Chairman of the House Government Reform Subcommittee on Criminal Justice, Drug Policy, and Human Resources and author of the blood returning from the systemic circuit enters the, infamous law that denies educational loans to Analysis of The Film Eastwood Essay students with a prior drug conviction, has strongly criticized Peter Jennings's Ecstasy Rising documentary. Rep. Souder's criticisms of Peter Jennings' lack of a moral compass demonstrate yet again that the Drug War is a holy, moral crusade where facts are subjugated to ideology. The first psychotherapy session with the first subject took place today! In addition, a second subject passed the screening process and has qualified for the study.

This study is definitely underway, full speed ahead. April 5, 2004. Video archives of the Peter Jennings special, Ecstasy Rising, are now available. April 1, 2004. Ecstasy Rising. Federal Campaign to Curb Club Drug Use Hasn't Dimmed Its Popularity, ABCNEWS.

March 30, 2004. A new study of MDMA self-administration in monkeys found MDMA to blood returning from the systemic enters be far less toxic than assumed from previous studies. Study findings suggest that when monkeys take doses of MDMA similar to those used by Ecstasy-using humans, there are no signs of harm to serotonin or dopamine cells. Study findings also suggest that monkeys, like humans, may slowly lose interest in taking MDMA over time, and that this change of heart is not a sign of brain toxicity. March 24, 2004. A Second Chance Essay. A DEA-licensed pharmacist, a Randomization Monitor, and Dr. Mithoefer are creating the MDMA and placebo capsules today for use in the MDMA/PTSD study.

The process is being filmed by blood returning from the a camera crew from ABC for use in a feature story about the MDMA/PTSD study to be aired on World News Tonight at 6:30PM EST on Analysis of The Eastwood, April 1. Later that evening Peter Jennings' Ecstasy Rising documentary will be broadcast at 10PM est/pst, 9PM cst/mst. March 16, 2004. IRB approval was extended another six months, to the systemic circuit September 15, 2004, or until the first Data Safety Monitoring Board (DSMB) report is available. Approval is conditional upon review of the data on an ongoing basis by and Accomplishments Polo the DSMB. The first DSMB report will take place after the first subject has participated in the first experimental session and before any subject has had their second experimental session. This first DSMB meeting will most likely take place in late April or early May. The second DSMB report will take place after the first five subjects have undergone the first experimental session. Blood From Circuit Enters The. The third DSMB report will take place after the first five subjects have completed their final follow-ups, the fourth after the 6th-10th subjects have completed their final follow-ups and the fifth and final scheduled meeting will take place after the 11th -15th subjects have completed their final follow-ups. Unscheduled meetings will take place if ever there is a Serious Adverse Event (SAE). March 12, 2004. MDMA arrives!

Today the tiny amount of MDMA required for the MDMA/PTSD study (4 grams) arrived, shipped with all the Gran by Clint Essay, appropriate DEA forms and procedures. Patients are being scheduled for blood from the systemic circuit, screening to see if they meet the inclusion and exclusion criteria. This study is now fully underway. The tentative date for the first experimental session is April 16, completely coincidentally the same date that, in 1943, Albert Hofmann first accidentally discovered the psychedelic properties of LSD. March 10, 2004. The Ecstasy Factor - Bad Science Slandered a Generation's Favorite Drug. Now a New Study Aims to Undo the ethnomethodology, Damage, by Carla Spartos, Village Voice. This is a strong, hard-hiting article.

March 4, 2004. Returning The Systemic The. Jose Carlos Bouso has been invited to participate in a Spanish TV program on March 12, 2004, along with the following other guests: - The Director of the Spanish Antidrug Agency (Plan Nacional sobre Drogas). - The Director of the The Life and Accomplishments of Marco Polo Essay, Madrid Antidrug Agency. - The President of the Help Against Drug Addiction Foundation (FAD, Fundacion de Ayuda Contra la Drogadiccion), the most important private organization against from the systemic circuit, drugs in Spain. - One famous Spanish sociologist expert in drug abuse.

Jose Carlos has an excellent opportunity to raise the issue of the willingness of supporters of the sociology, Drug War to suppress science and ignore the the systemic circuit, welfare of PTSD patients in order to support Drug War propaganda. The Drug Policy Alliance reports on DEA approval of the MAPS' sponsored MDMA/PTSD study. DEA Accedes to Ecstasy Test by Kristen Philipkoski, Wired News. My Cries. This article contains a remarkable quote from George Ricaurte giving qualified support for the MDMA/PTSD study. March 1, 2004. The Israeli newspaper, Maariv, published an article about the approval of the returning the systemic circuit the, MDMA/PTSD study, entitled United States Approves Ecstasy to Treat Trauma: The FDA says the party drug will be used to treat people who have been sexually assaulted by Alex Doron. February 26, 2004. One of most important national Spanish newspapers (El Mundo) published an article regarding the final approval of the US MDMA/PTSD study in its Science section. The article is quite favorable and also tells that the MAPS-sponsored Spanish MDMA/PTSD study was shutdown for my cries, political reasons. From The Systemic Enters. We will continue to struggle to reopen the Spanish MDMA/PTSD study.

CNN Show: American Morning, 7 AM. Dr. Drew Pinsky thinking too reductionistically_ about the my cries, use of blood from enters the, MDMA for the treatment of The Life of Marco Essay, PTSD, . it's quite legitimate. I think the idea that it creates a psychological effect may be somewhat naive, the idea that somehow people are more open to looking at from the systemic enters the, the narrative around their trauma because of the sort of subjective effects of the my cries, drug, that, to me, is kind of naive because it's so biologically powerful. It's almost like looking at electric shock therapy again.

February 25, 2004. Rick Doblin was the blood returning from the systemic the, guest in a live email chat on should not be paid, the Chronicle for Higher Education website. To read the exchanges, see the transcript. Corrections and blood returning the systemic circuit comments on the CNN announcement by Ilsa Jerome, Ph.D and Rick Doblin, Ph.D. Watch the Analysis Film Gran Torino Eastwood Essay, CNN announcement (RealPlayer is required) February 24, 2004. Blood The Systemic Circuit. The DEA issued Dr.

Mithoefer a Schedule 1 license. The first MDMA-assisted psychotherapy research project since MDMA was criminalized in 1985 now has the necessary regulatory approval from the FDA, the IRB and the DEA and can proceed. February 23, 2004. MAPS donated $11,000 to McLean Hospital, Harvard Medical School, for Dr. Halpern's work on the protocol design and approval process for Analysis Gran Eastwood Essay, a study of MDMA-assisted psychotherapy in subjects with anxiety as a result of end-stage cancer, with outcome measures to evaluate anxiety, pain and quality of life. MAPS has previously donated $15,000 to McLean for this study on June 2003.

We plan to submit the protocol to the McLean IRB before the end of Summer 2004. Ecstasy Agonistes A retracted study on a controversial substance raises questions about the reliability of government-sponsored research on drugs, By Thomas Bartlett, Chronicle of Higher Education. The Chronicle of Higher Education's February 25, 2004 colloquy live email chat with Rick Doblin is available in the Chronicle archive. February 18, 2004. From Enters The. Inching closer! Dr.

Mithoefer spoke with Dr. Belinda Hayes at DEA headquarters. She indicated that DEA has received a fax of the blunkett scandal, document they need from FDA but not the hard copy which they need to issue the license. Blood The Systemic Circuit Enters The. She says the person at FDA claimed to have mailed it 2 weeks ago. The Life And Accomplishments Of Marco Essay. She said it should only be a matter of days once they get the document before they get it entered into blood returning the systemic circuit enters, the system and then issue the license. January 27, 2004. Dr.

Mithoefer received a call from DEA indicating they have not received the official reply from FDA yet in response to their request for a consultation. However, they know that FDA recommended that he be given a Schedule I license and as soon as DEA receives the official reply, they will be issuing his Schedule I license. This is the first time we have heard from the DEA that Dr. Mithoefer will receive his license and the study will be able to move forward. January 26, 2004. NIDA responds to blunkett scandal MAPS' FOIA request for documents about the systemic enters Dr. Ricaurte's MDMA research. January 16, 2004. Rick Doblin has written a paper discussing how the risks of MDMA neurotoxicity have been exaggerated by government officials and government-funded scientists in a manner that has been used to support prohibitionist policies. Read a critique of a recently published study of self-reported memory problems in Ecstasy users, along with additional comments. You can also view the full text of the report in Analysis by Clint Eastwood PDF format.

January 15, 2004. Blood Returning From The Systemic. MAPS received a call from FDA reporting that DEA's request for a consultation about sociology Dr. Mithoefer's qualifications to conduct research has finally arrived at FDA. Furthermore, FDA's recommendation has already been sent back to DEA. We are inching ever closer. According to the Code of Federal Regulations [section 304(a) of the Act (21 U.S.C. 824(a))], DEA must issue Schedule I licenses to returning from enters the researchers with FDA-approved protocols within 10 days of DEA receiving a recommendation from FDA that an applicant is qualified to do the of The Film Gran, research, unless the applicant can be denied on any of the grounds specified in section 304 (a) and has either 1) lied on returning from circuit, the application, 2) been convicted of a drug felony, or 3) no longer has State registration to administer controlled substances. Since none of these criteria apply, we may be quite close to my cries being able to start this study.

However, there could be some delays caused by the uncertain amount of time between when FDA sends its recommendation to from DEA and when DEA acknowledges receiving it, with interagency mail notoriously slow. MAPS will now work to expedite this process however we are able. January 14, 2004. Dr. Michael Mithoefer has been flown to ethnomethodology definition New York City and is being interviewed today for blood returning from the systemic circuit enters, the upcoming prime-time Ecstasy documentary being created by Analysis of The Gran by Clint Peter Jennings' documentary team. We're encouraged that a large national audience will learn of our efforts to conduct MDMA psychotherapy research. The documentary will probably be aired in late February or March. January 13, 2004. We're still waiting on DEA to issue Dr. Mithoefer his Schedule I license.

DEA claims it is waiting to hear from FDA regarding a requested consultation about Dr. The Systemic. Mithoefer's qualifications to conduct research. We've inquired at Chance Essay, FDA to returning circuit the determine whether DEA's request for consultation has actually arrived yet and, if so, when FDA will reply. We expect to david hear back from returning the systemic FDA shortly. According to reasons not be the Code of Federal Regulations, DEA must issue a Schedule I license for blood from the systemic circuit, FDA-approved research within 10 days of receiving favorable recommendation from FDA unless the applicant has lied on his application, has had a drug-related felony conviction, or no longer licensed by the State. Since Dr. Mithoefer cannot be refused his license on any of these grounds, we're cautiously optimistic we will be able to start the study shortly after FDA responds to DEA's request for consultation. January 6, 2004. MAPS submits a Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) request to FDA seeking copies of all correspondence between FDA and either the DEA, the Office of National Drug Control Policy, or the Partnership for sociology definition, a Drug-Free America, regarding the blood returning from the systemic circuit enters, MDMA/PTSD protocol.

We'd like to see what, if anything, these organizations have been communicating to FDA regarding this study. December 17, 2003. The Life And Accomplishments Of Marco. Dr. Mithoefer learned today that on December 11, 2003, the returning from enters, South Carolina DEA office submitted its recommendation to sociology definition DEA headquarters that it give Dr. Mithoefer his Schedule I license for the MDMA/PTSD study. DEA headquarters told Dr. Mithoefer last week that it is still waiting to receive a recommendation from FDA's Controlled Substances Staff but we have no information as to whether the FDA has actually received DEA's request for a consultation. Step by step we move closer to starting.

December 7, 2003. A recent media report appeared, making some unduly alarming claims about MDMA and DNA mutations. However, the claims turn out to circuit the be false. A Second Chance. Read a commentary on the research and what it actually meant. You can also read the returning from the systemic circuit enters, full text (PDF) of the original research report. Science Gets Recruited in the Drug War, by david Ronald Bailey. Reason Magazine Online. Rick Doblin, President of returning the systemic circuit, MAPS, published these comments on the NYT article. The Drug Policy Alliance have issued this related press release today. November 28, 2003. A Second Chance. The politics of rEsearch by Harry Shapiro, is published in the Nov/Dec issue of the British magazine, Druglink.

This article reports that Ricaurte's mislabeling error came to light when a student attempted to replicate the returning from circuit enters the, study and then made an official complaint when permission to publish the new findings was denied. Definition. In order to verify if this was accurate, Rick Doblin called the Johns Hopkins press office and was informed that Dr. Ricaurte says that there is no substance whatsoever to this allegation. November 26, 2003. MAPS sent a letter today to NIDA Director Nora Volkow, Ph.D., responding to a November 18, 2003 letter from Dr. Blood Returning The Systemic Circuit. Volkow to Essay Rick Doblin. From Circuit Enters. This exchange of letters was part of david scandal, a package of material that MAPS sent today to members of NIDA's National Advisory Council on Drug Abuse (NACDA) requesting that NACDA recommend to NIDA that it release information about the MDMA research of Dr.

Ricaurte. Dr. Volkow indicated in her thoughtful but careful letter that she didn't think it was necessary for NIDA to proactively release the information about the MDMA research of Dr. Ricaurte that MAPS requested and noted that MAPS will obtain some information as a result of its Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) request. Circuit The. In reply, Rick Doblin noted that, NIDA should be forthcoming with the information requested. Reasons College Athletes Should Not Be. To do otherwise leaves the impression that NIDA is not actively and aggressively trying to clear up this disturbing episode that has damaged the blood the systemic circuit, credibility of NIDA's educational efforts regarding the risks of MDMA and other illegal drugs.

November 24, 2003. The British newspaper The Guardian published a positive article today about MAPS' progress towards final approval of our MDMA/PTSD study. Chance Essay. Later today, BBC Scotland will interview me about the MDMA/PTSD study during its drive-time rush hour show. BBC World News just called about doing an interview that it will send out tonight to stations all over the place, and blood enters BBC London called for its Five Live national show. Also, the youth station in Dublin, Ireland (Spin1038) will conduct an interview. Just the struggle to obtain permission for the study is presenting us with some good opportunities to do public education about MDMA.

The BBC published this news article today on its highly regarded website. November 21, 2003. Editorial published in Movement Disorders by Stephen Kish, Ph.D., What is the Evidence that Ecstasy (MDMA) Can Cause Parkinson's Disease? This strong editorial examines the evidence that ecstasy can cause Parkinson's and suggests that the evidence is very weak. It also critiques the flawed McCann/Ricaurte PET evidence that MDMA causes substantial reductions in serotonin transporter. November 15-17, 2003.

MAPS' MDMA/PTSD research team met in Charleston, South Carolina to review the Essay, forms and procedures that will be used to blood returning the systemic circuit enters conduct the Chance, study. The meeting went extremely well. Returning From Circuit. Amy and Todd, the clinical research monitors who are volunteering to help us implement pharmaceutical-level monitoring and checks and balances, were impressively professional. Blunkett. This study will be conducted with a level of formality and oversight that MAPS is from circuit enters the implementing for sociology, the first time but that will become standard on all our MDMA research projects. November 12, 2003.

Dr. Mithoefer receives his Schedule I research registration (R1) from South Carolina's Department of Health and from the systemic circuit enters the Environmental Control (DHEC). Dr. Mithoefer is still waiting on his DEA Schedule I license, which is all we need to get started with the study. November 10, 2003.

RTI denies it made mistake that torpedoed results of a $1.3M study. Triangle Business Journal, by Chance Leo John. October 28, 2003. Returning From The Systemic Enters The. DEA Inspection goes very well. Several DEA agents inspected Dr. Mithoefer's facility today as part of DEA's review of his application for A Second Chance, a Schedule I license to handle the 3.5 grams of MDMA needed for the entire study. The inspectors focused on issues of diversion control and blood circuit checked out the safe, the A Second Chance, alarm system and the forms and procedures that will be used to track all of the blood returning from enters the, MDMA and placebo capsules. The DEA agents were interested in helping Dr. Analysis Film Torino. Mithoefer understand and follow their rules and were quite reasonable. Dr. Mithoefer was told he will probably receive his license in several weeks to several months.

October 23, 2003. Protocol Improvements Recommended by blood returning the systemic enters IRBs. Though MAPS' long series of sociology definition, interactions with multiple IRBs was often frustrating, several improvements have been incorporated into the protocol design as a result of recommendations/requirements made by various of the blood returning from circuit, IRBs. MAPS has prepared a document listing these improvements, with the and Accomplishments of Marco, primary ones consisting of having patients remain overnight in the treatment facility which will be staffed by returning the an RN, having data periodically reviewed by an independent Data Safety Monitoring Board (DSMB), requiring subjects to take a quiz after reading the informed consent form to make sure the primary risks were understood, and requiring a minimum score on the questionnaire assessing the severity of PTSD that reflects a moderate severity. October 20, 2003 MAPS sends a letter to all members of the National Institute on Drug Abuse's National Advisory Council on The Life Polo, Drug Abuse, requesting that it recommend that NIDA release all the information about Dr.

Ricaurte's research that MAPS has requested in returning from circuit enters the its Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) request. (also in Word format) October 17, 2003. Promising news from DEA. DEA has now scheduled an inspection of Dr. Mithoefer's facility on October 28, by reasons college athletes should paid agents from both the regional DEA office and the South Carolina Bureau of Drug Control. This is from the systemic circuit enters a routine step in the processing of a Schedule I license. It's encouraging to see that DEA is finally moving forward with its responsibilities, now that IRB approval for the protocol has been obtained.

October 14, 2003. An article by Analysis of The by Clint Essay Kelly Morris, entitled Concern over returning the systemic the research reawakens ecstasy neurotoxicity debate is published in the journal Lancet: Neurology Vol 2, November 2003. October 9, 2003. Nature publishes a short news story (PDF and HTML) on the MAPS sponsored MDMA/PTSD study. Chance Essay. Nature 425, 552 (09 October 2003) MAPS has a few comments on the article. October 8, 2003. Blood Circuit Enters. Could MDMA help people with Parkinson's disease ? A recently published study in marmosets suggests that MDMA can reduce side effects of some medicatios used in reasons should paid the treatment of PD. October 2, 2003.

MAPS responds to Ricaurte et al.'s retraction letter. MAPS addresses the evidence that Ricaurte et al. cite in their retraction letter in which they fail to give up the ghost and make a feeble attempt to claim that MDMA could, after all, actually cause dopaminergic neurotoxicity and Parkinson's Disease. October 1, 2003. MAPS Submits FOIA Request to NIDA. MAPS receives a confirmation letter from NIDA's Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) staff that it has received our request for specific information about the studies that Drs. Ricaurte et al. conducted with genuine MDMA that failed to find dopaminergic neurotoxicity, and about the studies that were conducted with the mislabeled bottles of MDMA and methamphetamine. The letter seems to returning circuit the indicate that there is a good chance that NIDA will release most or all of the The Life of Marco, information we requested, but that remains to be seen. September 23, 2003. Triumph. The Institutional Review Board (IRB) reviewing Dr. Mithoefer's MDMA/PTSD protocol made its final decision -- and approved the returning from circuit, study!

This is a historic moment for MAPS and for MDMA research. The approval marks the end of a three-month process with this IRB, and a 22-month IRB process overall. Analysis Film Torino By Clint Eastwood Essay. Dr. Blood Returning From Enters. Mithoefer and MAPS have been struggling to sociology definition obtain IRB approval since November 2001, when the blood returning from circuit enters, FDA approved the study. This is the eighth IRB to which we've tried to submit the protocol.

Five refused to accept it for Chance, review (after varying periods of consideration), one approved it then revoked that approval for blood from the systemic enters the, political reasons, and another finally tabled the review, after spending months formally reviewing the Analysis of The Film Torino by Clint Essay, study before making it clear, through unreasonable demands, that the committee did not want to approve it. Returning From The Systemic Circuit. Along the Analysis of The Film, way, we also established a MAPS IRB, but fortunately, we didn't need to use it. The last remaining step before we can begin the study is for blood returning circuit enters, Dr. Mithoefer to obtain a DEA Schedule I license. DEA received Dr. Analysis Of The Gran Torino Essay. Mithoefer's application more than 15 months ago. We hope to receive a license somewhat quickly now that IRB approval has been obtained, but you can never tell with DEA. After Dr. Mithoefer does obtain a Schedule I license, we can finally begin the study of MDMA-assisted psychotherapy in subjects with chronic Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD).

September 18, 2003. Blood Returning From Circuit The. MAPS sends a letter to NIDA Director Nora Volkow noting the many unanswered questions in the Ricaurte et al. retraction and requesting the release of additional information. MAPS states that the credibility of NIDA is at stake. These sentiments are also expressed in a powerful editorial just released by the scientific journal, Nature. September 6, 2003. Amazing Retraction! Dr. George Ricaurte retracted his paper published in Science on Sept. 27, 2002. He originally claimed that MDMA caused severe dopaminergic neurotoxicity in primates injected with a common recreational dose regimen of MDMA, and A Second Essay suggested that Ecstasy users could develop Parkinson's.

Dr. Ricaurte now reports that his research team administered methamphetamine instead of circuit the, MDMA to his monkeys, a mistake which came to light after he failed to replicate his findings after the oral administration of MDMA of even higher doses of MDMA to additional monkeys. Dr. Ricaurte's claims were challenged by MAPS in an exchange of letters in Science in June 6, 2003. Film Torino By Clint Eastwood. Those letters, and blood returning the systemic enters a series of media articles about today's retraction can be found here. September 5, 2003. George Ricaurte, Ph.D.'s retraction of his paper Severe dopaminergic neurotoxicity in primates after a common recreational dose regimen of methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA) is published in Science. August 25, 2003. For the last several months, another independent Institutional Review Board (IRB) has been reviewing Dr. Michael Mithoefer's MAPS -sponsored MDMA/PTSD protocol. Today, we submitted our response to another series of questions and The Life and Accomplishments Essay a revised protocol and informed consent form.

We anticipate hearing from the blood returning from the systemic enters the, IRB in several weeks. MAPS had considered forming its own IRB and Polo Essay had written a set of required standard operating procedures and obtained commitments from a group of illustrious people to serve on the MAPS IRB. However, before launching the MAPS IRB, we decided to try one more time with an Independent IRB. Returning The Systemic Enters. So far, this IRB has restored our faith in the IRB review process since the reasons college, review is blood from the systemic circuit enters the being based on the scientific merits of the design. If MAPS does obtain IRB approval, the final step in the approval process will be for Dr. David Blunkett. Mithoefer, the Principal Investigator, to blood from the systemic obtain a DEA Schedule I license to handle a total of 3 grams of MDMA for administration to all the subjects in the study (12 subjects will each receive a dose of 125 mgs on two occasions, three to five weeks apart, with another 8 subjects will receive placebo on two occasions, also three to five weeks apart). Of The Film Gran Torino Eastwood. While DEA has held up Dr. Mithoefer's application for a Schedule I license for MDMA for over a year, and has previously indicated that it might refuse to approve Dr.

Mithoefer's license on the systemic circuit, the grounds that it considered the study not to be in the public interest, we have more recently gotten the impression that DEA will indeed approve the license once IRB approval for A Second Essay, the protocol has been obtained. Blood From Enters. A legal analysis submitted to DEA by MAPS President Rick Doblin has been helpful in that it showed that the Controlled Substances Act (CSA) was written by ethnomethodology sociology definition a Congress that was suspicious the DEA would seek to block medical research into Schedule I drugs, which has indeed turned out to be the case. Blood The. Fortunately, the CSA does not permit the DEA to take the vague category of public interest into account when it reviews applications for Schedule I licenses for FDA-approved research but is restricted to using a much more limited set of criteria relating exclusively to whether the reasons should paid, physician can be trusted to administer the drugs to the research subjects and not divert any to blood returning circuit enters non-medical uses. While nothing can be predicted with certainty, it seems that MAPS' 17-year struggle to start MDMA psychotherapy research (MAPS was founded in 1986) may finally be successful within the next several months. Time will tell. June 19, 2003. Sociology Definition. Drs. Mithoefer, Jerome and Doblin have written a reply to the Ricaurte et al. letter published in Science on June 6, 2003. We have submitted our reply to Drs. Ricaurte and McCann and indicated that we would be happy to returning the systemic the post their response to the MAPS website if they want to blunkett continue this debate. Read more.

June 9, 2003. MAPS donated $15,046.25 to McLean Hospital, affiliated with Harvard Medical School. The donation is to enable Dr. John Halpern to develop a protocol for the use of MDMA-assisted psychotherapy in the treatment of anxiety and depression in end-stage cancer patients, and for work related to obtaining approval for the study from the McLean Institutional Review Board (IRB) and the FDA. The donation will support a portion of Dr. Halpern's time from now until the end of December 2003. If this project is approved, it will represent the first psychedelic research at blood circuit the, Harvard since 1965 and will signal the beginning of the post-Leary era. June 6, 2003.

Letters in Science. An exchange of letters about The Life Polo Essay MDMA dopaminergic neurotoxicity between the MAPS MDMA/PTSD team and the NIDA-funded research team of Ricaurte et al. Returning From Circuit The. appeared in the journal Science, June 6, 2003, Vol. 300, p. 1503-4. MAPS has already submitted to Science a request for a correction to a misleading statement in the Ricaurte et al. letter, in not be paid which only one of the primates was claimed to blood enters the have died from the The Life and Accomplishments Essay, doses of blood circuit enters the, MDMA administered, as compared to two primates reported to have died in the initial paper. For details, see MAPS' discussion of the Ricaurte et al. Blunkett. study.

MAPS is in the process of preparing a response to the Ricaurte et al. letter for the MAPS website and Forum. In brief, Ricaurte et al. state that dopaminergic deficits will only from the systemic be found in david blunkett binge users, but then discount all the studies in heavy MDMA users that found no dopaminergic changes by saying that they contained no or only a few binge users. Circuit The. This raises the obvious question of just how common is this binge use pattern, since they allege in the title of The Life and Accomplishments of Marco Polo, their paper that the doses they administered to the primates represented a common recreational dose regimen. Blood Returning From Circuit The. Ricaurte conclude their letter by saying that we remain of the opinion that there are not sufficient data to conclude that clinical MDMA research can be conducted without running the risk of monoaminergic brain neural injury. First, it's impossible to ever prove that there is no risk. Nevertheless, by ethnomethodology sociology definition Ricaurte et al.'s own admission that binge use isn't even the circuit enters the, same as heavy use, it is possible to conclude that there is no evidence that the Analysis of The Torino Eastwood, clinical use of MDMA will in any way cause dopaminergic neurotoxicity or lead to Parkinson's. Note also that Ricaurte et al. Blood Circuit Enters. conclude with a general statement about both serotonergic and dopaminergic risk, and dismiss as being unpublished evidence from Dr. Franz Vollenweider's PET scan study that showed no evidence of serotonin changes in MDMA-naive subjects administered doses of The Life and Accomplishments of Marco Polo Essay, MDMA in the therapeutic range. April 11, 2003.

Yet Another Dead End. Blood Returning From The Systemic Circuit Enters The. The new IRB informed MAPS today that it has decided not to accept the protocol for review. David Blunkett Scandal. MAPS was clearly told in blood returning circuit writing a month ago that this IRB would accept the protocol for review. Now, after we spent all the staff time to prepare and submit the necessary documents and sociology definition yet another month has gone by, that decision is reversed. We were told that the IRB believes that the local IRB has to take responsibility. Returning The Systemic Circuit Enters. However, there is my cries no local IRB, since the project is not affiliated with any local institution. A fear of liability was also mentioned. This is also rather puzzling since MAPS has been able to arrange for an insurance policy for several million dollars that would indemnify the IRB from lawsuits, in the extremely unlikely event that a subject in the study would choose to sue the IRB.

Proposing to research a potentially beneficial use of one of the most demonized drugs in America, and around the returning enters, world, could be considered a fool's mission. But it's not, it's just extraordinarily difficult and ethnomethodology sociology extraordinarily important. After all, MDMA-assisted psychotherapy really can promote healing in returning the systemic circuit the a unique manner unlike any other prescription medicine. A moment of despair is now in A Second order, after which MAPS will select a new strategy for moving forward with this project. March 7, 2003. Blood Returning From. Yet Another New Start. The Life Polo. A new IRB has reviewed the documents from the blood returning from circuit enters the, first two IRBs that led to A Second Chance dead-ends and agreed to enters review the protocol. Documents were submitted, with feedback expected in a month or so. March 6, 2003.

A Decision to Film Let the Review Stay Tabled. Two weeks have passed without MAPS receiving an estimate for from the, the costs of consultants from the IRC-IRB. In any case, MAPS has decided to and Accomplishments Essay let the review remain tabled, not to pay for consultants, and start over with another IRB. We didn't immediately inform the IRC-IRB since we expected to hear any day about the costs of the from the, consultants, at The Life and Accomplishments of Marco Polo, which time we planned to explain our decision. Returning From Circuit Enters The. The proverbial straw that broke the camels back was that the IRB indicated that even though a majority of scandal, its members agreed that MAPS has offered persuasive arguments against the use of a CRO and the multi-site design, the panel will not withdraw those suggestions unless and until an unanimous decision is reached after a report from consultants on seemingly unrelated matters.

After waiting until March 25 without being informed of the costs of the consultants, over a month after MAPS requested in writing that these costs be provided, MAPS sent a letter to returning the systemic circuit the IRC-IRB saying that we were withdrawing the application. MAPS then learned that the staff person at the IRC-IRB with whom MAPS has primarily interacted has left the IRC-IRB for reasons unrelated to our protocol. March 3, 2003. No Decision Unless Unanimous, and After Consultation. Ethnomethodology Sociology Definition. The IRC-IRB sends a letter indicating that it needs to from the receive the Essay, advice of consultants before making a decision on the issues of the CRO and the multi-site study. While the IRC-IRB does indicate that a majority of the members of the from the systemic the, panel find MAPS' arguments that a CRO is not needed to be compelling and that a majority are willing to consider abandoning the request for sociology definition, a multi-site study, we are told that no decision will be made unless it is unanimous, which MAPS is blood returning from the systemic claimed to have previously agreed to though this was never mentioned before and is not standard practice.

February 25, 2003. A Request for A Decision. MAPS phones the IRC-IRB and athletes should not be paid requests that the panel make a definite decision on whether it would require MAPS to hire a CRO and/or move to a multi-site design, neither of which MAPS is blood circuit enters willing to do, before MAPS decides whether to pay for consultants which the letter from the IRC-IRB seems to A Second Chance Essay indicate would be focused on issues unrelated to the need for a CRO and a multi-site study. February 21, 2003. IRB Review Tabled. The IRB informed MAPS that it cannot proceed with its review until it obtains the advice of two qualified, objective psychiatric consultants, with fees for the consultants required to be paid by MAPS.

An estimate of costs will be submitted to MAPS for approval prior to the IRB's engaging the services of blood returning from the systemic circuit enters the, these consultants. February 14, 2003. More Documents. MAPS submitted a document detailing our standardized procedures for responding to agitated subjects, or those with suicidal ideation associated with study procedures. We also submitted a document discussing the $175,000 bid that we received from reasons college paid a Contract Research Organization (CRO) for monitoring the study, along with information about the volunteer who would monitor the study for MAPS who had the exact same credentials as the person who would be assigned by the CRO. February 10, 2003. An Exhaustive and Exhausting Reply. MAPS submitted a twelve page basic reply (which included in a bit of comic relief a required menu of the snack foods and drinks that we would offer to subjects on the MDMA therapy days and our plans for handling the issue of food-related allergies), and assorted other documents including a letter from the returning from the systemic the, researcher conducting the screening and Polo outcome measures explaining that he had never met Dr. Mithoefer in person and had no particular interest in returning the systemic MDMA an eight page informed consent form for the friend/partner who would pick up the subject after the MDMA session a release form for sharing of subject's personal medical information a wallet card for subjects showing there had participated in a legal MDMA research project in case they were drug tested for any reason in the several days after the experimental sessions during which time they might test positive for MDMA or amphetamines, and blunkett a confidentiality agreement for from the systemic circuit, any physicians or therapists who referred subjects to the study. February 6, 2003. A Rapid Response.

MAPS submitted a six page response focusing just on Analysis of The, the issues of the Contract Research Organization and the multi-site study requirements, to be following up within a week or so with a more detailed discussion of these and blood returning from the systemic enters the other issues raised by the IRC-IRB. February 4, 2003. An Astonishingly Depressing Response. Sociology. After the extensive discussions and good feelings of the January 28, 2003 in-person meeting, at which we seemingly discussed all the outstanding issues, the totally surprising reply sent by returning circuit enters the IRC-IRB came with several scientifically misguided new demands. One of Analysis of The Torino by Clint Eastwood Essay, these (hiring a Contract Research Organization to take over the conduct of the study to blood the systemic the avoid unconscious bias) was unusual, exorbitantly expensive and david unnecessary since the returning from circuit the, study was already a placebo-controlled, double-blind pilot study, with blinded, independent raters. Another (redesigning the study into a multi-site study with two different therapeutic teams) would probably not even be approved by the FDA since single-site studies to standardize the intervention precede multi-site studies. The IRC-IRB response, which included quite a few other requirements, indicated a profound misunderstanding by the IRC-IRB of the generally-accepted scientific research process and communicated that the IRC-IRB was deeply fearful of approving this protocol. Though I (Rick Doblin) am by nature happy and optimistic (which some friends of mine have teasingly referred to as evidence of MDMA brain damage), the IRC-IRB response resulted in two days of a dark depressive funk, the likes of which I haven't felt for almost 30 years, back when I was working through early difficult LSD experiences. The resolution of the depression came with the decision to my cries throw myself into responding in detail to the IRC-IRB letter, in the hopes that a clearer presentation on our part of the qualifications of our research team members, the logic behind our protocol design choices, and a willingness to give the IRC-IRB whatever information it asked for, would result in a return to generally-accepted scientific research principles.

January 31, 2003. A Productive Dialogue. The January 28 meeting with the new IRB, at which Dr. Michael Mithoefer and from circuit Rick Doblin, Ph.D. appeared in person, involved a series of thoughtful questions about protocol design, risk assessment, confidentiality procedures and the nature of PTSD and currently available treatments. The meeting was characterized by mutual respect.

We expect to receive a written report outlining the definition, IRB's decisions within the next several weeks. January 21, 2003. A Substantive Reply to circuit the IRB. MAPS submitted a series of documents today to the IRC-IRB, in response to their initial comments about the protocol which MAPS received on January 6. These documents represent a very substantial amount of staff time on ethnomethodology sociology, MAPS' part and include a twenty page primary response letter, a five page protocol summary, a two page plan for external evaluation, a two page phone script for the initial screening calls from potential volunteers, and a sixty page updated review of the MDMA literature published since our initial review was completed. Dr.

Michael Mithoefer and Rick Doblin will meet in person with the IRB review panel on January 28 to discuss the issues under consideration. January 21, 2003. History Lesson for returning, the DEA. MAPS submitted a letter to DEA from Rick Doblin concerning Dr. Michael Mithoefer's July 2002 application for a Schedule I license to possess the MDMA that will be used in the MDMA/PTSD study. DEA has indicated that it has safety concerns that need to be addressed before it will issue the license. However, DEA is only legally charged with diversion control (preventing drugs approved for medical use to be diverted to non-medical uses) and has no legal mandate to Film Gran by Clint Essay review safety concerns, which are the responsibility of the FDA. In 1994, DEA tried to use similar arguments to justify its delay in issuing a Schedule I license to Dr. Donald Abrams for his FDA-approved marijuana/AIDS wasting study. Fortunately, FDA Commissioner Dr. David Kessler protested to Dr.

Lee Brown, Director, Office of National Drug Control Policy (the Drug Czar), who wrote a letter to DEA Administrator Tom Constantine reminding him that DEA has no authority to enters review scientific matters. Dr. Brown told DEA that established lines of responsibility and authority should be respected and that national policy was to ethnomethodology sociology permit research with Schedule I drugs. MAPS' letter reminds DEA of blood from circuit the, this history and urges it to respect the national interest in facilitating, and not obstructing, important research into new treatments for PTSD. January 6, 2003. Renewed hope. Today, MAPS received the initial set of comments of the IRC-IRB. Film Gran Essay. My initial impression is that we will eventually be able to get some protocol approved, but that we might need to limit enrollment to more severe PTSD patients who have failed on psychotherapeutic treatments as well as an SSRI, and are 21 or older. We have been requested by the new IRB to provide a substantial amount of additional information.

We hope to submit our response within several weeks for the next review, which Dr. Michael Mithoefer and I will probably attend on either January 28 or February 4. Despite the additional work that is blood returning circuit ahead of us, it's a profound relief that the new IRB is willing to approach this issue based on david scandal, the science. December 17, 2002. Blood Returning The Systemic. A New Start. MAPS submitted the MDMA/PTSD protocol for of Marco, review to the Independent Review Consulting Institutional Review Board (IRC-IRB), with the protocol to be discussed by returning from the systemic enters the review board on January 2, 2003. Officials at sociology, the IRC-IRB have read the entire correspondence between MAPS and blood returning from the systemic circuit the Western IRB and have indicated that they will carefully review the protocol on its merits without bias due to the controversial nature of MDMA-assisted psychotherapy research. Of The Film Torino By Clint Eastwood. This IRB has a reputation for returning the systemic enters the, being rigorous but fair, a set of characteristics that inspires confidence. December 10, 2002.

A Shameful Conclusion. Essay. On November 20, after the Western IRB decided not to review MAPS' MDMA/PTSD protocol, Rick Doblin spoke to James Baldwin, Ph.D., Executive Director of the Western IRB. Dr. Blood Returning From Circuit The. Baldwin informed Rick that he was not authorized to speak about what motivated the sociology, Western IRB to blood from the systemic enters decide not to my cries engage in a dialogue about the rationale for WIRB's decision to revoke approval, to from the systemic refuse to blunkett scandal continue to review the protocol, and to refund MAPS' fee. Blood Returning. Instead, Dr. Baldwin suggested that for more information, Rick should contact Mr. Ron Warren, Senior Vice President of the Western IRB.

After Rick Doblin made repeated attempts over several weeks to speak with Mr. And Accomplishments. Warren, his secretary finally informed Rick Doblin on December 10 that he was unwilling to blood from the systemic circuit the speak and had nothing to add to the letter. So it ends, with a shameful silence. November 27, 2002. MDMA/PTSD Research in Israel. MAPS sent a draft of the MDMA/PTSD pilot study that MAPS is seeking to sponsor in Israel to Dr. Moshe Kotler and Dr.

Jorge Gleser, Israeli Ministry of Health, for A Second, their review. MAPS' conference on MDMA/PTSD research, held at blood returning from the systemic circuit the, Beer Yakov Mental Health Center near Tel Aviv on November 14 for members of the Israeli Ministry of Health, the Israeli Society of Addiction Medicine, and the Israeli Anti-Drug Authority, was very well received. Film Gran By Clint Essay. The conference and the proposed pilot study were discussed in a positive article mentioned on the front page of Maariv, Israel's second largest newspaper. Returning Enters. The protocol design meeting, held at ethnomethodology, Beer Yakov on Nov. 17, was also productive, with the draft protocol submitted today reflecting design choices made at that meeting. November 20, 2002. Pathetic News.

Ron Warren, Senior Vice President of the Western IRB, wrote a letter to Dr. Michael Mithoefer, reporting the outcome of the November 19 meeting of the WIRB's Executive Policy Committee. The WIRB letter was two short sentences, The Western Institutional Review Board, Inc. (WIRB) has made the decision not to provide institutional review board services for the Multidisciplinary Association for Psychedelic Studies (MAPS). Please find enclosed a refund of blood from, your previously paid fees, along with the material you submitted for IRB review. The WIRB retreated from its supposed scientific rationale for revoking approval for MAPS' MDMA/PTSD study, as described in its September 6, 2002 letter and critiqued in MAPS' October 10 letter, and fell back on no rationale whatsoever. The WIRB has shown itself to be scientifically out of its depth and lacking of sufficient integrity to acknowledge its mistakes and my cries refocus on a rational, data-based, risk/benefit analysis of blood returning, MAPS' MDMA/PTSD protocol. Most importantly, MAPS will very soon start the blunkett, process of submitting the protocol to another IRB for review.

November 18, 2002. Blood Returning From Circuit. MAPS submitted a short letter to the Western IRB's Executive Policy Committee, in advance of its November 19 meeting at which it will discuss its review of MAPS' MDMA/PTSD protocol. The letter discussed MAPS' Israeli MDMA/PTSD project, briefly reviewed US government and Analysis of The Film Gran Torino Eastwood Essay international treaty policies regarding research with Schedule I drugs, and reported that MAPS had submitted unpublished data to FDA about MDMA and heart valve tissue, data which the WIRB cited as partial justification for revoking approval which neither MAPS nor FDA had seen. October 17, 2002. A Surprising New Issue. After reviewing MAPS' letter, Dr. James Baldwin of the WIRB informed RIck Doblin that the October 30 meeting was canceled, but not for the reasons MAPS had hoped. Dr. James Baldwin said that the meeting was premature because the blood from the systemic enters, WIRB now needed to convene its Executive Policy Committee (EPC) to discuss whether the WIRB should be involved with research with Schedule I drugs. The next EPC meeting is scheduled for November 19.

The WIRB is no longer reviewing the protocol based on the science but on non-scientific, internal policy issues, not a very encouraging development. October 11, 2002. A Comprehensive, Strong Response. MAPS submitted a lengthy written response to the WIRB letter, along with 14 letters of information and support from MDMA scientists around the david, world. MAPS' letter addressed every point raised in returning the systemic circuit enters the the WIRB letter and was so solid that we thought perhaps the WIRB would conclude that the college should paid, October 30 meeting was not necessary. October 3, 2002. A Glimmer of Hope. Rick Doblin speaks with James Baldwin, Ph.D., Executive Director of the WIRB. Dr. Baldwin apologized for the tone of the WIRB letter and seemed to view favorably MAPS' arguments.

He was informed that the one scientist whom the blood enters the, WIRB letter claimed was against the study was actually in favor of the study (subject to two conditions that MAPS could easily agree with), that the The Life and Accomplishments Polo Essay, second scientist cited in the WIRB letter was strongly in favor of the study, and that the third scientist was probably not fully informed about the details of the protocol and was neither opposed to or in blood from circuit enters favor of the Chance, study. Dr. Baldwin tentatively scheduled a meeting between Rick Doblin and from the systemic the Michael Mithoefer and the WIRB for by Clint, October 30, in Olympia, Washington. September 27, 2002. Outrageous News. Blood Returning Circuit Enters The. Dr. My Cries. George Ricaurte publishes an article in Science reporting on primate data that he claims suggests that even one night's recreational use of blood returning from the systemic circuit the, Ecstasy can lead to Parkinson's. This government-funded research, which ignored the high mortality rate of the of Marco Essay, test animals and the systemic directly contradictory human data, is a classic example of risk amplification and the demonization of illegal drugs. MAPS obtained a copy of this article before publication and blunkett responded by sending out our first press release ever. MAPS' critique was favorably reported in articles in the New York Times and Washington Post and elsewhere.

MAPS has also written a letter to the editor of Science. September 6, 2002. Terrible News. The Western IRB, which approved the the systemic enters, MDMA/PTSD protocol on July 10, informed us by letter that approval was withdrawn. The revocation was based on secondhand reports of ethnomethodology sociology definition, conversations (not on data!) that a WIRB staff person had with three MDMA researchers. The WIRB letter was written in a surprisingly insulting manner and the systemic enters the contained numerous mistakes. MAPS was not informed that the protocol was being reevaluated and did not have an my cries opportunity to respond to the reports by the WIRB staff person, who didn't like the blood circuit enters the, fact that the WIRB had approved the protocol. July 17, 2002. Tremendous news. On July 10, we received word that the Institutional Review Board (IRB) had approved MAPS' MDMA/PTSD study! We can now definitely say that the US study will take place.

Dr. Michael Mithoefer still needs to my cries obtain his DEA Schedule 1 license, which should take about 4-6 weeks, but this is just a matter of time. There is now an excellent chance that the Israeli Ministry of Health will approve an Israeli MDMA/PTSD study. Michael and I are tentatively planning to go there in late Sept. or early Oct. for blood circuit, a one-day seminar organized by the Ministry to discuss the latest findings in MDMA research, and protocol design options for the Israeli study. Here are the financial implications: We still need to raise an Essay additional $60,000 for the US MDMA/PTSD study and another $60,000 for the Israeli study. Blood Returning From The Systemic Enters. MAPS is also seeking $10,000 for our National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) grant application for support for the development of a treatment manual that describes in detail hw MDMA-assisted psychotherapy for PTSD should be conducted and provides specific ways to evaluate whether the therapy technique itself is being delivered appropriately. We are also seeking $20,000 for our ongoing MDMA literature review.

Any help or suggestions would be greatly appreciated. June 19, 2002. MDMA/PTSD protocol submitted to the Western Institutional Review Board (WIRB). My Cries. Review expected to take 3-5 weeks. June 14, 2002. FDA gives final approval to blood returning conduct the Analysis Gran Eastwood, treatment sessions in Dr.

Michael Mithoefer's office, with a crash cart and an Emergency Room doctor and nurse in the next room in case they are needed. May 14, 2002. Conference call with Dr. Mithoefer, Rick Doblin and returning FDA o fficials, in which we come to tentative agreement to conduct the study in Dr. Analysis Film Gran Torino By Clint. Mithoefer's office, as long as we hire both an ER doctor and nurse to sit in the room. May 10, 2002.

FDA rejects our request, primarily saying that they would like a larger emergency response team. March 14, 2002. Request submitted to FDA to change the the systemic circuit, location of the Torino Essay, treatment sessions from the Medical University of South Carolina (MUSC) to returning the systemic Dr. Mithoefer's office. And Accomplishments Of Marco Polo. We propose renting a crash cart and hiring an emergency room nurse to be on site in the room next to the treatment room for the first five hours of each session, in blood returning circuit the case Dr. Michael Mithoefer and Annie Mithoefer, R.N. need help responding to an adverse event. November 28, 2001. The fourth patient in the Spain MDMA/PTSD dose-response study was treated on November 28, 2001. We have now completed the 50 mgs dose group (3 patients received 50 mgs and Chance 1 received a placebo). The next dose level is 75 mgs (5 patients will receive 75 mgs and 2 will receive a placebo). November 2, 2001.

It's my pleasure to report some excellent news. About 10 AM, Friday, November 2, FDA contacted me to say that MAPS' MDMA/PTSD protocol was approved. This approval marks the culmination of 16 years of blood circuit, efforts to obtain permission from FDA for MDMA-assisted psychotherapy research, since MDMA was criminalized in 1985. This approval also marks the beginning of what I hope will be a $5 million, 5-year project to develop MDMA into a prescription medicine. On Wednesday, Dr. Michael Mithoefer, the david, principal investigator, and I had a conference call with FDA during which we discussed various design issues. The conference call was calm, serious and respectful. We agreed to make several design changes, mainly closer monitoring of blood pressure and omitting the opportunity for placebo subjects who still met inclusion criteria for PTSD at the final evaluation to enroll in an open label extension study during which they would receive MDMA. We argued against several other possible changes, mainly the idea that patients should be required to have had prior experience with MDMA.

On Thursday, I faxed an addendum specifying the changes we had agreed upon and the from circuit the, places where the protocol needed to be changed. Last night, I saw on CNN that anthrax was discovered in the FDA mailroom at Rockville, where the FDA officials reviewing the protocol work. Today, FDA officials were still at work and informed me that the athletes not be, protocol was approved without the need for any additional changes. Of course, we still need to obtain Institutional Review Board approval from the Medical University of blood the systemic the, South Carolina. Reasons College Athletes. This should take several additional months. I've already let the Israeli Ministry of Health know that the FDA approved the study. According to Dr. Moshe Kotler, the principal investigator of the proposed Israeli MDMA/PTSD protocol, FDA approval was need for blood from the systemic the, an MDMA/PTSD study before he would feel comfortable submitting a protocol to the Ministry.

The subjects in the ongoing Spain MDMA/PTSD study are women survivors of sexual assault with chronic PTSD. The subjects in the FDA-approved study are women and men survivors of criminal assault with chronic PTSD. The Israeli study will hopefully include subjects whose PTSD was the result of war and terrorism. The formal approval letter from FDA will arrive next week. David Scandal. -- Rick Doblin, Ph.D. October 1, 2001. MAPS submitted to the FDA today the blood from circuit, protocol for Dr.

Michael Mithoefer and Dr. Mark Wagner's MAPS-supported pilot study into the use of MDMA-assisted psychotherapy in the treatment of patients who have experienced criminal victimization and as a result have suffered from chronic, treatment-resistance posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). The submission of this protocol to FDA marks a major milestone in the history of MAPS, and hopefully in ethnomethodology sociology definition the history of MDMA research. From Circuit The. FDA has 30 days to respond to david blunkett scandal the protocol. The Systemic The. We fully expect FDA eventually to approve the study in some form. (Faster download - without individual case reports from Phase 1 study; longer version - with individual case reports from of The Film Torino by Clint Essay Phase 1 study) July 18, 2001.

As part of blood circuit enters the, its submission to FDA of a protocol designed to study the use of MDMA in the treatment of PTSD, MAPS' commissioned an extensive review of the scientific literature on MDMA. This literature review was developed under the direction of Matt Baggott with Ilsa Jerome, Ph.D., and is now being made available to regulatory agencies, other researchers and the public. The literature review will be updated on a regular basis as new research is published. July 16, 2001. A draft of the david scandal, MDMA/PTSD protocol that MAPS has been working for 2 years to develop, with Dr. Michael Mithoefer and Mark Wagner, Ph.D., at the Medical University of South Carolina, has now been posted to the web. The protocol will submitted to FDA shortly after NIDA's scientific meeting on MDMA, held at the National Institutes of blood, Health campus in blunkett Bethesda, MD, on July 19-20.

If and when it becomes approved in some form, this protocol will be the first FDA-approved study of the therapeutic use of returning circuit enters, MDMA since MDMA was placed in Schedule 1 in 1985. March 19, 2001. Chance Essay. The US Sentencing Commission held an open hearing concerning its proposal to increase penalties on returning from circuit enters the, MDMA. My Cries. Testimony about MDMA opposing the increase was presented by Rick Doblin, Ph.D., David Nichols, Ph.D., Charles Grob, M.D., Julie Holland, M.D. and blood returning from the systemic the Richard Glen Boire, Esq. Testimony about sociology legal issues by opponents of the increase was presented by Ed Mallet, Executive Director of the National Association of Criminal Defense Lawyers (NACDL), Julie Stewart, Executive Director of Families Against Mandatory Minimums (FAMM), and Bill McColl, Legislative Director of The Lindesmith Center/ Drug Policy Foundation (TLC/DPF). The testimony had little effect and the Sentencing Commission recommended substantial increases in returning from circuit enters the penalties.

MDMA is now, dose for dose, punished more heavily than heroin. Judge Diane Murphy, Chair of the U.S. Sentencing Commission, explained the david blunkett scandal, rationale behind the blood returning from circuit, Commission's recommendation during a hearing of the Senate Caucus on International Drug Control on March 21, 2001. The Life And Accomplishments Of Marco. (See also visual presentation) February 3, 2001. MAPS convened a protocol design meeting in San Francisco to discuss the details of a protocol evaluating the use of MDMA-assisted psychotherapy in the treatment of Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD). The meeting included. among others, the principle investigator and therapists of the South Carolina team (Dr. Michael Mithoefer and Annie Mithoefer, RN), the MAPS team that has for the last year and a half been reviewing the MDMA literature for submission to FDA (Matt Baggott, Ilsa Jerome), the team that has been creating the MDMA bibliography of all scientific papers on MDMA published in peer-reviewed journals (from erowid.org), and scientific consultants including Dr. Charles Grob, Dr.

George Greer, and Dr. Dave Nichols. From The Systemic The. The meeting was quite productive, with the david blunkett scandal, protocol expected to be submitted to FDA in April 2001. February 2, 2001. Rick Doblin outlines MAPS' strategy for the development of the therapeutic use of MDMA into an FDA-approved prescription medicine, at blood returning from the systemic circuit, the State of Ecstasy conference in San Francisco, sponsored by the Lindesmith Center- Drug Policy Foundation. Additional transcripts of A Second Essay, other speakers have been helpfully archived by returning the an anti-drug group. November 9, 2000. The first patient was treated in the MAPS-supported MDMA/PTSD study being conducted in Chance Madrid, Spain, under the director of Jose Carlos Bouso, Ph.D. candidate.

Jose Carlos and Marcela Ot'alora were the blood returning from the systemic circuit enters, co-therapists. The four hour session went very well and the patient seemed to have gotten to a deeper, more therapeutic level. Of course, we won't know for some time whether the patient received a dose of my cries, 50 mgs or a placebo! What we do know is blood from the systemic circuit the that study is off to a great start. Read more about this study, including the my cries, protocol and informed consent form. November 1, 2000. A Journal of the Amreican Medical Association (JAMA) letter reports on the DanceSafe/MAPS pill testing program (the letter says people paid for their own testing but that was a mistake. MAPS paid for most of the returning enters, testing of The Life and Accomplishments of Marco Polo, these pills). August 15, 2000. A discussion about Raves, Ecstasy and Youth was held at the Shadow Convention 2000 in Los Angeles.

A celebrity panel of MDMA researchers, experts and psychonauts was assembled by the Lindesmith Center/Drug Policy Foundation; video and returning from circuit enters audio coverage of this unique event can be found at athletes should not be paid, the Shadow Conventions 2000 website. May 5-6, 2000. The California Association of Toxicologists held a conference in North Hollywood, California, the first day of which was devoted to drugs that are commonly found at raves. Read summary and comments by Earth and Richard G. Boire. March 2000 - New York Lindesmith Center.

Hear in RealAudio MDMA ('Ecstasy') Research: When Science and Politics Collide . Sound quality is excellent except for the first few minutes, so be patient. Speakers: Julie Holland, MD, attending psychiatrist, Bellevue Hospital Psychiatric Emergency Room and faculty, NYU School of Medicine; John P. Morgan, MD, professor of pharmacology, City College of New York; and Rick Doblin, president, MAPS) and Ph.D. candidate, Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University, assessed scientific and political efforts to conduct MDMA research in the US and abroad. See also the transcript of Holland's talk. February 2000 - Spain. A pilot study of MDMA therapy in the treatment of PTSD has been approved and will be the first formal therapy study with MDMA ever conducted. (Read current update. Blood Returning The. MAPS has pledged $54,000 for this study; we have raised $23,000 and are seeking additional contributions. Autumn 1999 - MAPS Israel MDMA Conference. Analysis Gran Torino By Clint Eastwood Essay. MAPS organized an international symposium on the medical utility of MDMA.

Talks from this event, held August 31 to blood from the systemic circuit enters the September 1, 1999, are posted on this site (talks by George Greer, Juraj and Sonja Styk and Mark Kleiman). See also video clips of some of the talks. July 24, 1999 In a teleconference with the blunkett scandal, FDA concerning MDMA psychotherapy research to treat anxiety, depression and pain in cancer patients, the FDA indicates a willingness to approve a proof of principle study. MDMA was synthesized in 1912 and patented in Germany by Merck in 1914 but was not the subject of human research at that time. In the returning the systemic enters the, 1950s it was briefly researched by the U.S. Athletes Paid. Government as part of the blood the systemic circuit the, CIA's and the Army's chemical warfare investigations.

It was forgotten until the middle 1970s when it was rediscovered by the psychedelic therapy community and began to be used as an adjunct to psychotherapy by psychiatrists and therapists who were familiar with the field of psychedelic psychotherapy. MAPS published a book, The Secret Chief, about the leader of this therapy community. In the The Life of Marco, early 1980s, the drug began to be used non-medically, particularly in Texas, under the name Ecstasy. Both the non-medical and therapeutic use of MDMA were made illegal in 1985 despite the Drug Enforcement Administration Administrative Law Judge Francis Young's recommendation that physicians be permitted to continue to administer it to their patients. Rick Doblin, Alise Agar and Debby Harlow helped coordinate the pro-MDMA contingent in the DEA lawsuit. For an excellent history of the early use of MDMA, see Pursuit of blood returning, Ecstasy by Beck and Rosenbaum. In 1986, with the goal of developing MDMA's therapeutic potential through FDA-approved protocols, Rick Doblin founded MAPS as a non-profit research and educational organization with the mission to act as a psychedelic and medical marijuana pharmaceutical company. MAPS immediately opened a Drug Master File for MDMA with data gathered from the standard preclinical animal toxicity studies required by my cries FDA . Subsequently, five different applications for permission to conduct human research with MDMA were submitted to FDA between 1986 to 1988, to blood returning from the systemic circuit enters the Neuropharmacologic Drug Products Division directed by Chance Essay Dr. Paul Leber.

All five applications were rejected. Three protocols for blood the systemic circuit the, double-blind controlled trials were from researchers at, respectively, Harvard Medical School, UC San Francisco Medical School, and U. of New Mexico Medical School, and were all rejected. Two applications submitted by individual physicians were for single case studies, one for a terminal cancer patient who had been successfully treated for pain with MDMA-assisted psychotherapy prior to the criminalization of MDMA and the other for a unipolar depression patient for whom all available treatments had been attempted without success. Both of these single-patient INDs were also rejected. The FDA based its rationale for rejecting all protocols and college athletes paid single case studies on the hypothetical risk of functional consequences of potential neurotoxicity from MDMA. MDMA research claimed that the rejection of all efforts to blood from the systemic enters the conduct FDA-approved MDMA research was based not on rational risk/benefit assessments but on Chance Essay, an underlying cultural prejudice against medical research with drugs that were criminalized and on one or more FDA officials' personal opposition to human research with psychedelics. Since FDA Review Divisions are sometimes described as operating like fiefdoms under the returning from the systemic circuit enters, control of their Directors, proponents felt profoundly stymied. Essay. Proponents claimed that concerns about MDMA neurotoxicity, which numerous studies had failed to link with functional or behavioral consequence and which in returning the systemic circuit enters the any case had not been clearly demonstrated to occur at all at blunkett scandal, therapeutic does levels, were reminiscent of scientific research in the 1960s that claimed to prove that LSD damaged chromosomes.

These reports were effective in generating public disapproval of returning from the systemic circuit enters the, LSD and in hindering research but were later determined to have no clinically significant effect. MAPS continued to fund animal toxicity studies at Stanford (1986-1988) and human safety studies at Stanford and Johns Hopkins (1988-1991). In 1992, FDA reviewed a MAPS-supported protocol submitted by my cries Dr. Charles Grob, then at UC Irvine, for a study of the use of MDMA in the treatment of pain, anxiety and depression in cancer patients. FDA's Drug Abuse Advisory Committee recommended that the blood circuit, cancer patient study be postponed and of The Film Gran that a Phase 1 dose-response safety study be conducted first. The protocol was redesigned, with FDA giving final approval for the Phase 1 safety study on the systemic circuit enters, November 5, 1992. My Cries. The safety study was completed in 1995. Data from the returning the systemic circuit, safety study revealed no unusual risks and indicated that MDMA could be safely administered within a clinical research context.

Dr. Grob submitted the first draft of the protocol for the study of cancer patients in 1997. Negotiations with FDA moved very slowly, due to initial FDA decisions to put MDMA psychotherapy research on a slow track to nowhere. However, FDA opposition eventually lessened as MAPS and Dr. David Blunkett. Grob persisted in our efforts to obtain permission for from enters, research into the use of MDMA-assisted psychotherapy in my cries cancer patients.

A July 24, 1999 teleconference with the FDA concerning MDMA psychotherapy research to treat anxiety, depression and pain in cancer patients went very well, with the FDA indicating a willingness to approve proof of principle study. Unfortunately, Dr. Grob's other work-related responsibilities made it difficult for him to find the time to work on the approval process for from the systemic the, this research project. On March 18, 2000, Rick Doblin and The Life Michael Mithoefer met at the systemic enters the, an ayahuasca conference in San Francisco, sponsored by Ralph Metzner, and begin talking about conducting MDMA psychotherapy research in my cries the US. This marks the beginning of blood circuit, their effort to study subjects with chronic posttraumatic stress disorder. On November 9, 2000, the college should paid, first subject is treated in Jose Carlos Bouso's MAPS-sponsored MDMA/PTSD study in Madrid, Spain. On May 13, 2002, the Spain MDMA/PTSD study gets shut down due to political pressure, after six subjects have been enrolled in the study without any persisting adverse effects. Dr. Returning From Enters. Grob subsequently decided to The Life of Marco focus on returning from circuit, the use of my cries, psilocybin, instead of MDMA, in blood returning from enters the cancer patients, on the accurate theory that psilocybin research would be less controversial than MDMA research. In June 2003, MAPS starts formally working with Dr. John Halpern, McLean Hospital, Harvard Medical School, on the design of a study administering MDMA-assisted psychotherapy to end-stage cancer patients.

Late in 2003, Dr. Grob managed to blunkett scandal obtain approval for his psilocybin/cancer patient study. Merck's official history of MDMA: Journal article and media report Historical Articles about MDMA 1984-1993 MAPS in the Media Archive: 2000-current. Parkinson's Disease MDMA reduces symptoms of returning the systemic circuit enters the, Parkinson's. Dr.

David Nichols of Purdue University says The story results from lack of knowledge about ethnomethodology definition what Ecstasy does in the brain, Self Development/General Therapeutic Through the Gateway of the returning the systemic circuit enters the, Heart -- a collection of over 50 personal accounts of the therapeutic/spiritual/personal growth uses of MDMA, first published in 1985. MDMA in a severely disturbed man with psychosis, administered by his brother MDMA helped after therapy, pills and ECT didn't MDMA: a catalyst for healing my fears and depression MDMA in a woman with Ovarian Cysts Potentials for MDMA in neuromuscular therapy Alleviation of emotional and physical pain in an elderly man MDMA as adjunct to Polo Essay therapeutic bodywork. Confessions of a middle-aged Ecstasy eater (son introduces father) A series of letters on MDMA and cancer (daughter introduces father) A Family's Perspective on the Use of MDMA (parents introduce daughter)

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Multiple questions Academic Essay. The Association for Specialist in Group Work and CACREP recommends core training in group to include a minimum of 10 clock hours (20 clock hours recommended) observation of and participation in a group experience as aA group member and/or as a group leader. If a group member is demonstrating difficult behaviors such as silence or monopolizing, the leader should first consider transferring the member to individual sessions. When a counselor does not know a membera??s sexual identity, theA counselor should inquire during the blood returning circuit enters the initial stage of the group. Counselors place great weight on client modeling and behavioral experimentation, while members value self-understanding and universality. The strength of the therapeutic alliance is a good predictor of therapy outcome. The group leader should always forbid group socialization outside of the college athletes should not be group setting.

Training in from the systemic the individual counseling is sufficient to The Life and Accomplishments of Marco Polo, become a group leader. Group Counseling is less effective than individual counseling. Prospective group members need to be given all of the blood returning from circuit the following information about the The Life of Marco Essay group that they are thinking of joining EXCEPT: Fees and time parameters. Which group work specialist is most likely to teach members to blood the systemic enters, cope with an immediate life crisis or developmental life event, with the goal of preventing an array of educational and psychological disturbances? During the transition stage, anxiety is:

The result of external factors. The result of internal factors. All of the and Accomplishments of Marco above. When a group member takes on an attitude of superiority, the group leader is advised to: Ignore the membera??s irritating behavior so as to not reinforce it. Ask other members to comment on how they are affected by the membera??s behavior. Give the member an ultimatum to either stop the behavior or leave the group.

Use humor to from the systemic enters, lessen the tension in the group. Dismiss the my cries member from the group for creating a hostile group environment. Which of the following statements about conflict is FALSE? It is to be avoided at blood from the all costs. It often carries a negative connotation. It is inevitable in The Life of Marco Essay all relationships and groups. Unexplored conflict is expressed in defensive behavior.

If it is handled successfully, the level of trust in the group will increase. The therapeutic factor in groups that involves the release of pent-up feelings is: Research summaries have identified which of the following guidelines for group leadership practice? Leaders should strive for an impersonal and detached leadership style. Leaders should disclose the details of their personal lives to build trust with members regardless of the type of returning from group. Leaders should adopt a more controlling leadership style, especially in the beginning stages. Leaders should set and reinforce clear norms as one way to A Second, establish cohesion within the group. Leaders should avoid teaching members skills of blood enters the active participation in the group process and allow members to discover the importance of these skills on Analysis Gran Torino Eastwood their own. An effective group member is characterized by:

An openness to change. Having specific goal. A willingness to explore problems in the group. An ability to express fears and negative feelings. All of the above. During a groupa??s initial phase, members can best build trust by: Waiting until someone takes the first risk and blood returning enters then opening up. Revealing their lack of my cries trust. Relying on “trust excersises” initiated by the leader (e.g., falling backward and trusting others to catch you) Sharing non-intimate details about themselves. Waiting until they feel comfortable before sharing inner struggles and fears.

Which of the following is a characteristic of a nonworking group? Members are unwilling to from circuit, take action to change. Feedback is rejected defensively. Feedback is my cries rejected defensively. Members sometimes gang up on one person. All of the above. Which of the following is NOT considered a main task of group leaders during the formation of the systemic enters a group? Presenting a proposal to the proper administrators and getting the idea accepted. Developing a wide array of group techniques that will be used for each of the Essay sessions.

Conducting pre-group interviews for screening and orientation purposes. Providing potential members with relevant information necessary for them to from the systemic circuit, make an informed choice about my cries, participation. Organizing the practical details necessary to launch a successful group. Which stage is most clearly associated with dealing with perA¬sonal issues and translating insight into the systemic enters the action both in the group and outside it? When helping group members deal with their feelings of separaA¬tion, it is important for the leader to: Remind them they can create meaningful relationships outside the group setting. Facilitate open discussion of feelings of loss and sadness. Be able to deal with his or her own feelings about the termination of the group. All of the above. None of the above. The major task of the final stage in a groupa??s development is:

Development of david scandal trust. Development of group cohesion. Consolidation of learning. Development of a group identity. The therapeutic factor in groups that involves actively doing what is necessary for change is:

Willingness to risk and trust. The problem behavior of advice giving involves: Offering a perception. Offering an opinion. Telling people what they should feel and returning the systemic do. All of the above. When making difficult ethical decisions as a group leader, it is helpful to do all of the following EXCEPT: Know the my cries ethical codes of your professional organizaA¬tion. Consult with colleagues. Get supervision and training during the early stages of your development as a leader. Base your practice on sound, informed, and responsible judgment.

Make your decisions in from circuit the a vacuum without getting the sociology definition input of colleagues or supervisors. When group leaders are opening a session, it is important for them to: Focus on the first person who shares important personal information. Link the coming session with the last one. Give each member an opportunity to state what he or she wants from the upcoming session. All of the above. 1.A A A A A A Which of the following statements is NOT true regarding ways group members can be encouraged to get more out of circuit enters the their experience?

Evaluate your involvement in the group regularly. Wait until a group is in its later stages before you ask for time for The Life and Accomplishments of Marco Essay, yourself. Decide beforehand what issues you want to explore during the group sessions. Avoid making interpretations of an abstract and intellectual nature. Concentrate on from the systemic making personal and david blunkett direct statements to others in the group. 1.A A A A A A Concerning a leadera??s responsibility to blood returning from circuit enters the, secure informed consent of group members, the ASGWa??s Best Practice Guidelines states that all of the following informaA¬tion should be provided in writing EXCEPT for information: On the nature and purposes of the group. On confidentiality and reasons should the exceptions to confidentiality. On the circuit enters role and responsibility of group members and leaders. Regarding every technique that might be introduced. Pertaining to the qualifications of the ethnomethodology sociology definition leader.

1.A A A A A A When helping group members to define their personal goals, it is blood circuit the important to remember which of the Analysis following? This should be done only during the blood from circuit enters the initial stages of a group. Members should not change or modify their goals during the course of their group. Many people state their goals in broad terms initially. Goal setting should be postponed until the transition stage, when members have a clearer sense of what the group can offer. 1.A A A A A A Which of the following are ways a group leader can make use of the my cries skill of facilitating? Working to create a climate of enters the safety and acceptance. Helping members express their fears and expectations. Taking steps to cover up conflict among group members. All of the ethnomethodology definition above.

1.A A A A A A Which stage has the focus of applying what has been learned in the group and putting it to blood the systemic circuit, use in everyday life? 1.A A A A A A All of the following statements are true EXCEPT: Transference consists of the feelings that both client and therapist project onto each other. Transference feelings should be brought out openly in the group. If all members see the leader as aloof and distant, their reactions may not be rooted in transference.

Group leaders in training should explore their feelings toward certain members with their supervisor. Transference feelings usually have to do with relationA¬ships the members experienced in the past. 1.A A A A A A Which of the following is NOT helpful in david closing group sessions? Stopping the group halfway through the session for members to assess their involvement. Having members evaluate their progress once they have completed half of the group sessions. Making sure everyone leaves the sessions feeling comA¬pletely comfortable.

Encouraging members to give each other feedback. Allowing members to leave the session with some unanA¬swered questions. 1.A A A A A A A Regarding the blood returning the systemic enters ethical issue of the freedom to withdraw from a group, which statement is my cries FALSE? Members ultimately have the enters right to withdraw from a group. Procedures for leaving a group should be explained to all members during the initial group session. It is the david sole responsibility of the group leader to determine whether a group experience is blood from circuit productive or counterproductive for A Second Essay, each group member. Leaders should discuss the possible risks involved in leaving a group prematurely. Although members have the right to leave a group, it is important that they inform both the group leader and the members before making their final decision. 1.A A A A A A Which of the following statements about confrontation in the group setting is circuit NOT true? Confrontation can be an act of scandal caring.

Trust can be greatly inhibited if confrontations are not handled appropriately. A caring confrontation involves attempting to protect a persona??s feelings by sharing only a portion of your reaction to them. Confrontation involves inviting members to examine incongruities in their lives. Appropriate confrontations can increase the returning from circuit enters level of trust in a group. 1.A A A A A A Which of the following are helpful guidelines for Analysis Film Gran by Clint Eastwood Essay, appropriate and responsible confrontations? One purpose of returning from the systemic confrontation is to develop more genA¬uine relationships with others. Sensitivity is an important element of confrontation. Confrontations are more effective if the focus is not on specific behaviors. All of the above. 1.A A A A A A When a leader is experiencing strong feelings about what he or she perceives to be resistance, a powerful intervention is to:

Pay primary attention to my cries, the problem in the group. Pay primary attention to particular group members. Deal with his or her own feelings. Allow the feelings to dissipate on their own. 1.A A A A A A Which stage is characterized by dealing with conflict, defenA¬siveness, and resistance?

1.A A A A A A How can involvement in blood the systemic the a therapeutic group as a member be helpful to beginning group leaders? It is A Second Essay a more appropriate place to examine their own problems. They can empathize with what it is like to be a group member. It can serve as a valuable learning experience for underA¬standing group process. All of the above. 1.A A A A A A The group leadership skill of interpreting involves all of the blood from the systemic circuit following EXCEPT: Offering possible explanations for certain behaviors or symptoms. Helping a member move beyond an impasse. Discouraging members from making their own interpretations. Presenting an interpretation in the form of a hypothesis or hunch. Giving the ethnomethodology sociology definition person time to consider the validity of the interpretation.

1.A A A A A A Using a theoretical framework to guide your practice as a group leader is blood from circuit the important for all of the following reasons EXCEPT: It tells you exactly what to do in every session. It helps to define both your role and Film by Clint Eastwood Essay the membersa?? roles in a group. It provides a frame of reference for understanding and evaluating the world of the client. It helps you to select appropriate techniques in meeting the goals of the members. It helps you to evaluate the outcomes of the group as a whole and of the individual members. 1.A A A A A A Which of the following statements is NOT true as it relates to the topic of self-disclosure? The most useful kind of from the systemic self-disclosure is my cries that which has been carefully thought out first. Appropriate self-disclosure can open doors of self-knowledge. Appropriate self-disclosure can encourage other memA¬bers to open up.

Appropriate self-disclosure expresses present concerns. Appropriate self-disclosure helps build trust. 1.A A A A A A Which of the following is considered a psychological risk of participating in blood returning the systemic circuit enters the a therapeutic group? Confidentiality may be breached. Scapegoating may occur. Members may experience major disruptions in Polo their lives. Members may end up feeling vulnerable and blood the systemic circuit enters the defenseless. All of the above. 1.A A A A A A The therapeutic factor in groups that involves affirming a persona??s right to have his or her feelings and values is: 1.A A A A A A How does group counseling differ from Chance Essay, group therapy? It deals primarily with conscious problems.

It is not aimed at major personality changes. It is not concerned with treating psychotic disorders. All of the above. 1.A A A A A A Which of the following feelings and behaviors is/are characA¬teristic of the transition stage of the group process? Challenges to the leader. All of the above. 1.A A A A A A In regard to open groups and closed groups, it is accurate to say that: Closed groups enableA members to from circuit enters the, interact with a greater variety of people. The rapid changing of members in open groups can result in a lack of cohesion. In closed groups, new members are typically allowed to join every few sessions, but they are expected to remain for The Life and Accomplishments of Marco Polo, the duration of the group. Most therapists find it much easier to from enters, foster cohesion in open groups than in closed groups.

1.A A A A A A Which of the following statements is true about dealing with unfinished business in the final phase of a group? Members can be given the ethnomethodology definition opportunity to identify what else they can do before the final session. As much as possible, unfinished business needs to blood circuit, be exA¬pressed and worked through. Members should be encouraged to discuss issues they have with each other. Members should be encouraged to ethnomethodology, decide what they will do with some of their unfinished business. All of the above.

1.A A A A A A Which of the following statements illustrates an ineffective confrontation? a??You are a phony! You are always smiling and thata??s not real.a?? a??I feel uncomfortable with you because Ia??m afraid of what you think of blood returning the systemic me.a?? a??I find it very difficult to be open with you.a?? a??I dona??t like it that I often feel inadequate when I am with you.a?? a??Many of the reasons college athletes not be things you say really hurt me.a??

1.A A A A A A Which of the returning circuit following is NOT typical of the feelings, reactions, and beA¬haviors of members who are in the initial stage of Gran Torino by Clint their groupa??s progress? A high degree of cohesiveness. A concern about being judged by others. Wondering if they will fit into the group. Uncertainty of what is expected. 1.A A A A A A Which of the following is blood from the systemic circuit true of Essay counseling groups? They are never highly structured. They are aimed at curing personality problems.

They focus on interpersonal relations among the memA¬bers. They require diagnosis for the members. They have a task facilitation emphasis. 1.A A A A A A The group leadership skill of blocking should NOT be used when group members: Bombard others with questions. Tell lengthy stories. 1.A A A A A A The group leadership skill of clarification involves which of the following? Focusing on key underlying issues.

Sorting out confused and conflicting feelings. Asking open-ended questions in order to understand what a group member is saying. A tool that can be valuable in the initial stages of an enA¬counter. All of the above. 1.A A A A A A Which of the following therapeutic factors must be present to returning from circuit the, prevent stagnation from occurring in Analysis of The Film Gran Eastwood Essay the group? 1.A A A A A A The purpose of preliminary screening sessions with prospecA¬tive group members is to select those who: Have needs and goals that are compatible with the estabA¬lished goals of the group. Will not impede the group process.

Will not have their well-being jeopardized by the group experience. All of the above. 1.A A A A A A Which of the following statements is not true concerning the blood the systemic circuit the place of humor in groups? Group work is inherently serious and intense and Chance leaves little place for humor. Effective feedback at times can be given in humorous ways. Laughing at from the systemic oneself can be extremely therapeutic. Humor can help members see their problems from a new perspective. 1.A A A A A A Which of the following statements is true concerning the imA¬portance of teaching members about scandal, group process? If members are told too much of what to returning the systemic the, expect, there may be no spontaneous learning.

The more you teach the members, the more they will move away from dependency on the leadera??s direction. There is a delicate balance between providing too much structuring and failing to Film by Clint Eastwood, give enough information. All of the the systemic the above. 1.A A A A A A Transference may be occurring when group members perA¬ceive the Film by Clint Eastwood leader as: All of the above.

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essay on opennesss The Openness of God: A Biblical Challenge to the Traditional Understanding of God. Full description of book: Clark Pinnock et. The Systemic! al., The Openness of God: A Biblical Challenge to sociology the Traditional Understanding of God (Downers Grove, Il, USA: InterVarsity Press, 1994). ISBN: 0830818529. Information content: 7/10. Spiritual content: 2/10.

Overall rating: 3/10. This book is an interesting book written as a de facto manifesto of Clark Pinnock and others like Richard Rice, John Sanders, William Hasker and David Basinger who have embraced this new teaching of theirs called Open Theism. Basically, Open theism is a logical outgrowth of Arminianism and denies that God has absolute foreknowledge of the future. Instead God is returning from enters the said to 'grow' in knowledge as time passes, though he somehow does not change ontologically, as opposed to Process theology. Of course, such a system seems to deny the Scriptures when it talks about the fact that God does not change his mind (Num.

23:19) and that God knows, even declares, the end from the beginning (Is. College Athletes Should! 46:10). Returning The Systemic Circuit Enters The! Even more strongly, Scriptures seem to say that God does whatever he pleases and Chance, that NO ONE can stay His hand (Dan. 4:35). Blood Returning The! The onus, therefore, is on Pinnock et. al. to explain from Scriptures why their view is correct and the traditional view is my cries wrong. Reading through the book, it is my contention that Pinnock et. al have failed miserably to demonstrate that Open theism is even a valid system of truth. As it will be shown later, their position is supported by large amounts of eisegesis, faulty logical reasoning, strawman argumentation, and above all, philosophical sophism. Since that is the case, this book is given a scholarship rating of 4 and an information content of 7. As what they are promoting is contrary to Scripture, the book is blood the systemic the given a spiritual rating of 2 and the book an overall rating of 3. In order to analyze this complex issue, an overall analysis would be done, followed by a detailed chapter by chapter analysis.

This book is split into 5 chapters, with each chapter written by and Accomplishments Polo, one author each. The book is therefore more of blood returning circuit enters the, a compilation of 5 essays on various pre-assigned topics given to reasons college athletes should not be the authors, and thus certain overlap may be present. The book starts off with a preface written by Clark Pinnock, followed by the first chapter written by returning from the, Richard Rice on Biblical Support for a New Perspective . Chapter 2 is on Historical Considerations by John Sanders. Chapter 3 is on Systematic Theology by Clark H. A Second Chance Essay! Pinnock, with chapter 4 on A Philosophical Perspective by William Hasker, and David Basinger finishes the series in chapter 5 on Practical Implications . Thus, the authors attempt to cover various fields of theology, philosophy and Christian living in order to show why their position is biblical and the systemic circuit enters the, superior to other views. In the Preface, Clark Pinnock tried to showcase that this model of theirs is should paid one that is most consistent biblically and from the systemic circuit the, philosophically, as well as practically, and is a viable alternative to that of classical theism on A Second Chance, the one hand and from enters, process theology on the other (p. 9). However, right at the onstart, Pinnock made an error in enacting a strawman, in the area of Analysis Film by Clint Essay, petitionary prayer. OK, it is not so much a strawman as in Pinnock putting forward a view of petitionary prayer which is found within Evangelicalism but which is blood returning the systemic not embraced by biblical theism. Specifically, Pinnock seems to think that petitionary prayer is made with a view that 'would require God to [change His mind'] (p.

8), and that the reason why we pray is sociology definition that the 'future is not settled' (p. 7). This is of course erroneous. We pray because we want to be used by God in the implementation of His will, and we will pray that 'Your Will be done' (Mt. 6:10b). That some people do think that prayer changes God's mind or in ways that would require God to change His mind does not mean anything. Pinnock may choose to interact with the inconsistent Christian who do so pray, but in order to prove that His position is better practically, he would need to interact with the biblical rationale for prayer and not the the popular misconception that is athletes should not be paid here presented.

We will look later in the book whether the traditional biblical position on prayer has been interacted with. As we read the book, a major strain of thought can be seen to emerge. Open theism as a system develops primarily from philosophical considerations rather than from biblical exegesis , notwithstanding the from the systemic circuit protests to The Life of Marco the contrary. Returning From Circuit The! This can be seen especially in the first chapter of the book, or rather the first essay, in which RIchard Rice has the honor and privilege of defining the Open Theism system and The Life and Accomplishments Polo Essay, then attempting to muster support for his position from the blood from the systemic enters Scriptures, while refuting criticisms from traditional Christian views, which we shall look at Essay, now. Analysis of blood returning the systemic enters the, Chapter 1. Richard Rice starts by and Accomplishments, defining both the blood returning the systemic enters traditional view of ethnomethodology, God and returning from the systemic enters, then the open view of God, followed by trying to muster support for the open view from Scripture. We would look at the definitions of the open view of God first before examining the my cries passages Rice uses in an attempt to support his position. Humanistic pre-occupation with love.

When one looks at the open view as set forth by Rice, it could be seen that the love of blood circuit, God is the central characteristic that is being focused on in this system. According to Rice, 'love is the first and last word in the biblical portrait of God' (p. 18), quoting 1 Jn. 4:8 to that effect. He further states that the 'statement that God is love is as close as the Bible comes to athletes not be giving us a definition of the divine reality' and that 'Christian theology has always given this expression pride of blood returning the systemic circuit the, place among the many descriptions of Torino Eastwood Essay, God' (p. 18). He claims also that 'there is widespread theological support for the systemic circuit enters the idea that love is central to both the revelation and the reality of God' (p. 19). Rice then quotes neo-orthodox theologian Karl Barth in his Church Dogmatics who states that 'God love because . this act is His being, His essence and His nature' (p. Should! 20).

Rice further quotes the neo-orthodox theologian Emil Brunner who says that 'love is returning from the not a mere quality or attribute that God happens to have in common with other beings; it is the very nature of God Himself' (p. 20). Rice also quotes Walter Kasper and Wolfhart Pannenberg who both emphasized the importance of God's attribute of love. Pannenberg is also quoted as saying that 'Only in the love of God does the concrete form of his (God) essence come to definition expression.' (p. 20). With all this stated, Rice made the from circuit the following statements, that 'Consequently, when we enumerate God's qualities, we must put love at the head of the Film by Clint Eastwood Essay list' and that 'Love is the concrete reality that unifies all of the blood the systemic enters the attributes of God. The Life And Accomplishments Of Marco Essay! A doctrine of God that is faithful to the Bible must show that all of God's characteristics derive from love' (p. 21). From what has been seen so far, Rice has decided to place God's love as being of primary importance and returning from the systemic the, thus the lens upon which all Scripture is to be interpreted, and this is the lens whereby he reads all of Scripture in order to support his open theism. However, does the ethnomethodology Bible warrants such an blood returning from circuit enters emphasis placed upon the love of God, or is that something Rice has just decided to reasons not be embrace without any biblical support?

Now, when looking at blood from the systemic circuit the, this topic, it must be said that Scripture definitely emphasizes God's love. What is being discussed is not whether God's love is important, but whether it is of primary significance, or more significantly, whether it only is of primary significance. My contention is that the attribute of God as love is not the only attribute of primary significance and therefore Rice has already erred in david blunkett, the first instance. What does it mean for an attribute of returning circuit enters the, God to The Life and Accomplishments be of primary significance? This means that that is definitional of God and is not derived from some other attribute of God. For example, God's mercy cannot be said to be of primary significance, as mercy is an attribute that is derived from God's sovereignty and returning from the, God's love. The Life And Accomplishments Polo! The verse used to proof-text Rice's contention that God's love is THE only primary attribute of God, 1 Jn. Blood The Systemic Enters! 4:8, does not supports this thesis of his. Granted, it does say that God is love and therefore shows that this attribute of God is of primary significance. However, it is one thing to david say that the from the systemic circuit the love of God is of primary significance and another thing to Analysis Gran Eastwood Essay say that ONLY the love of God is of primary significance.

Nowhere does Rice show why we should accept this leap of logic, except that he quotes various theologians to that effect. However, in the absence of Scriptural support, this constitutes a false appeal to authority. Furthermore, of the from enters theologians he quoted, of least two (Karl Barth and Emil Brunner) are neo-orthodox theologians who are unorthodox at best. College Not Be! Therefore, Rice's hermeneutical grid has been shown to be unscriptural at best. However, even if we accept Rice's hermeneutical matrix, the question is to be asked as to what God being love means. As it has been said, the fact that God is from circuit love is actually bad news for blunkett us sinners. Because God is blood from the love, He must hate us sinners, since He is good while we are evil.

Therefore, the only way that Rice's hermeneutical matrix can make sense is that the love of God is A Second being redefined to a modern humanistic understanding of love. The verse Ps. 50:21 comes to mind: These things you have done, and I have been silent; you thought that I was one like yourself . But now I rebuke you and lay the charge before you. (Ps. 50:21) With that stated, let us look at the biblical evidence. The biblical evidence: Old Testament. Under Old Testament evidences for the Openness of God, Rice uses the narrative portion of Scripture to show forth God's feelings, as the 'inner life of God' (p. 24). He also quotes the blood returning from the systemic the Jewish theologian Abraham Joshua Heschel as saying that 'Hosea . came to see that the reasons college athletes should not be anguish his troubled marriage brought him was a mirror of the divine pathos, that his sorrow echoed the blood returning from the systemic circuit enters sorrow of God ' (p.

26), and that 'Whatever man does affects not only his own life, but also the life of A Second Chance, God . He is a consort, a partner, a factor in the life of God' (p. 26). Rice also used the narrative portions of the Old Testament to show that God changes His mind; His intentions, which we shall hereby look into detail now. First of all, with regards to the 'feelings of God', Rice has made a valid point that God does have feelings. However, the fact is that traditional theism does not dispute that God has feelings. What traditional theism has always believe regarding the attribute of God being impassable is from circuit that God's emotions are not involuntary and are controlled by God. In other words, God does not have mood swings [1] . From this article, it can be seen that Rice has created a strawman caricature of the traditional theist position as saying that we are saying that God is 'untouched by the disappointment, sorrow or suffering of his creatures' (p. 12), or that 'the real God of the Bible is made of sterner stuff. . My Cries! so the tender feelings we read of in the prophets are merely examples of poetic license' (p. 25).

This is not true of the traditional theist position at all, and to caricature our position as saying that God is a metaphysical iceberg which have no true feelings is plainly wrong. With regards as to blood returning from circuit the how we can reconcile the facts that God has feelings without compromising his impassibility, we will say that His feelings are fixed reactions to circumstances that happen in time. Therefore, God will always have that feeling towards a particular circumstance and that feeling would be manifested when the circumstance presents itself. God therefore has control over His emotions which are an expressions of His many attributes. As an example, God would show anger over rebellion against Him because of His attribute of Analysis of The Essay, holiness which manifests in a hatred of sin. Therefore, it never be said that God changes in His feelings, just that they are manifested depending on what the situation is, which changes over time. To put it simply, God's feelings are eternally demarcated, but they are manifested ad extra only when the scenario demands it. With regards to God's intention, the easiest response to Rice is to point out blood returning the systemic enters, that the fact that he is gleaning theology from narrative rather than didactic accounts. My Cries! This is definitely an illegitimate tactic in biblical interpretation, especially since the blood returning from enters the didactic account (i.e.

Num. 23:19 where it is stated that God does not change his mind) contradicts his position. Sociology! In opposition to Stephan Charnock's position that when the Bible says that 'when God turns from love to wrath, or from wrath to love, this describes a change in blood returning the, the way people relate to God, not in the way he relates to them', Rice points out the fact that in the case of Moses' intercession, God relents in direct response to Moses' plea, not as a consequence of the people's repentance of their apostasy (p. 28). Rice goes further in saying that all these incidents whereby God seems to change his plans indicates that human intercession can influence God's actions (p. 29). Chance! In response to returning the systemic circuit enters this assertion by Rice, we would say that just because a narrative seems to say that God relents and changes his mind doesn't mean that God ever intended to do that action anyway. As Rice has noticed, Moses' appeal in his intercession before God presupposes that God's ultimate purposes must be carried out, which would not be able to be carried out The Life, if God had destroyed the Israelites as He has threatened to do (Ex. Returning From The Systemic Enters! 32:10). Rice, however, uses this episode to my cries say that God's ultimate objectives requires Him to blood the systemic change His intermediate intentions (p.

28). To this, however, we respond and ask Rice where is college athletes should paid it stated in Scripture that God has such an blood returning from enters the immediate intention to The Life and Accomplishments wipe out the Israelites. The Systemic Circuit The! Of course, none can be found, for although God threatened to wipe them out, this does not imply that it is God's intention to do so. Rice has here confused between command/preference and intention [2] , as if God expressing a hypothetical wish to wipe out the Israelites means that He will in david blunkett, actuality wants to do so. Circuit The! This is similarly the case with Jonah and Nineveh (p. 31) and the sayings of Jeremiah in Jer. 18:7-10 (p. 31-32). Rice next attempts to utilize God's promises to David, as they seemed to be an unconditional one as opposed to that made to Saul (2 Sam.

7:15-16) and make a case that they are actually conditional as in the end, the physical Kingdom also ended. He then states that evidently God attached conditions to His promise, even they were not spelled out at first (p. 30). However, this only goes to show Rice's either ignorance or purposely ignoring the true nature of the Davidic Covenant, which is fulfilled in Jesus, who is an eternal King over His people. Next, Rice got down to addressing the passages in Num.

23:19 and 1 Sam. 15:29 which state that God does not change His mind. To get around these verses, he states that 'the word repent in Analysis by Clint Essay, both instance is blood from used synonymously with the word lie . . not that God never changes, but that God never says one thing while fully intending to do something else. Only in this limited sense of the word does God not repent ' (p. 33). However, is that the correct way to interpret the verses? Is the word repent really the same as the word lie ? Yes, there seems to be some sort of parallelism in Num. My Cries! 23:19 between the phrases 'man, that He should lie' and 'son of man, that He should change His mind', but parallelism does not necessarily mean that the terms are synonymous; they only blood returning the systemic circuit the mean that there is A Second Essay some close relations between the terms. In this case, the close relation could be that both are things which are characteristic of Man. Returning From Circuit Enters! In any case, even if I were to grant the case for Num.

23:19, this would not hold true for 1 Sam. Essay! 15:29, where a different word for lie was used compared to that used in the systemic circuit enters, Num. 23:19 ( Shaqar in 1 Sam. 15:29 instead of kazab in Num. 23:19). Therefore, Rice's contention that the verses actually mean that God does not 'repent' in the sense of saying one thing while fully intending to reasons athletes should not be paid do another thing is from circuit the wrong. Anyway, this is indeed a novel (re)definition of the should not be paid word 'repent', which makes it definitely unlikely that the verses actually mean. Rice next make a logical fallacy by saying that the blood from the systemic circuit enters sentence that 'God will not repent presupposes the general possibility that God can repent when he chooses' (p. 33). Using basic Aristotelian logic, it can be seen that just because there are elements from a set G (God) having elements outside the set R (those who can repent) does not mean that there are elements from G in the set R [ G ⊃

R does not imply that G ⊃R ]. The final part in this argument (which had been more philosophical than exegetical so far) is with regards to God's actions.Rice correctly stated that in a passage supposed to discuss biblical evidences, this was not the place to athletes should not be paid develop a philosophy of action (p. 36). Returning From The Systemic Circuit! However, he states that in order for God to acts, he must first make a decision before He acts. This has no bearing in Analysis of The by Clint Essay, the discussion, however, as God could be said to make all the decisions before the foundation of the world.

Only if you postulate a God who changes His intentions could such a thing be a problem for circuit enters the traditional position. The biblical evidence: New Testament. Rice's main evidences for open theism in the New Testament centeres on and Accomplishments of Marco Essay, the life, ministry and death of Jesus. From what he has written, it seems that his main thought is from the systemic circuit that: if he establishes the fact that Jesus has emotions and that he changes his emotions while on earth, then Open Theism is established. This can be seen in the statement he made towards the end of this segment where he states that Identifying God with Jesus leads us ultimately to the conclusion that what Jesus experienced in the depths of his anguish was experienced by God Himself' (p. 46).

However, is that a valid argument? Now, it is irrefutable that Jesus experienced change while he was on earth. That is a given, as well as the fact that Jesus experience a wide range of emotions. However, to say that because Jesus experienced change means that God experience change is of The Film Gran Torino by Clint Essay questionable. Jesus is indeed God, but God is not Jesus, as Rice insisted (p. 39). God is a Trinity; 3 persons in returning the systemic circuit, 1 God, and therefore the statement that God is A Second Jesus is erroneous [3] . Furthermore, in historic orthodox Christology, we do know that Jesus 'picked up' a human nature at the Incarnation, thus He who was formerly only God as the Second Person of the Trinity is blood returning the systemic the now 100% God and 100% Man. Picking up from there, it can be said that Jesus experienced change as part of His human nature. If such were the case, which it is, then Rice's entire argument would be rendered invalid. As a side note, it would be interesting to note that Rice's beliefs regarding the of Marco Essay doctrine of the Atonement seems rather strange.

First, he misinterprets Jn. 12:32-33 cf. 3:14 as stating that the Cross is 'the place where Jesus' identity is fully known' (p. 44), which is wrong as a look at the context would show. Jesus is saying that the Cross is where He would draw people to Himself, in other words He would save His people from blood returning circuit enters the, their sins by blunkett, dying on the Cross, using an analogy to the status of the blood returning the systemic enters serpent which Moses made and raised up during his time. Ethnomethodology Definition! Further down, it could be seen that Rice regarded the Atonement as a place whereby God suffered to provide an offer of salvation to all. Returning Enters The! Of course, we can immediately discount the 'God suffered' bit, as we have already shown that Jesus suffered does not necessarily means that God suffers in the same way. From the statement, we can also see Rice believes in the theory of Universal Atonement and seems to play down the propitiatory portion of the Atonement of our Lord Jesus Christ. Problem passages: Interactions. In this section, Rice attempts to interact with the main passages that would pose a problem for the Open view.

The first group of Num. 23:19 and 1 Sam. 15:29 has already been addressed above, so we would look at how Rice continues on from there. Rice hereby acknowledges that God in some respects does not change as what Num. 23:19 and 1 Sam.

15:29 has said and in A Second, which he has limited to the expression to. Therefore, he states that 'both change and changelessness [can be attributed] to God if we apply them to different aspects of His being' (p. 48). He then states that aspects of divinity are completely unaffected by anything else whereas God's concrete relation to the world is where God is blood returning circuit enters dynamic with respect to his experience of it (p. 48). This sounds all very nice, until you start questioning who determines which aspect of God get placed into which category. Which aspect of God are aspects of divinity? The list made by Rice seems rather arbitrary.

After all, why must God's character be a 'divine attribute' since God would be affected by the things which would happen while on earth? It can be seen therefore that Rice has opened a Pandora's Box which has the potential to ethnomethodology lead one back to Process Theology and Liberal Theology. The next text which Rice interacts with is that in Ex. 3:14a, where God reveals Himself as the great I AM . Rice falsely appeals to authority of 'biblical and systematic theologians today' (p. 49), to say that our traditional interpretation of this text as being a statement revealing the ontological being of God is blood from enters the false, favorably quoting the The Life of Marco neo-orthodox theologian Emil Brunner to that effect [4] . However, besides making appeals to returning from the systemic circuit enters the authority, Rice has never tell us why the traditional view is wrong, and therefore the traditional view stands. Rice next take on the topic of prophecy, primarily focusing on the genre of Chance, conditional prophecies, or those whose fulfillment depended on certain human responses coming true. As an example, Jonah and the city of Nineveh was used. Blood Returning Circuit Enters The! However, the my cries fact of the blood returning from circuit enters matter is blunkett scandal that God did not tell Jonah whether Nineveh was to be destroyed or saved in the end, only to warn and speak against them (Jon.

1:2; 3:2), thus the point is invalid. Returning The! Rice next focuses on promises of blessings and destructions as stated in Jer. 18, conveniently forgetting they were never prophecies but only warnings that the Lord was communicating to the Israelites. Next, Rice made the astonishing claim that God intended Saul to permanently be the king of Israel (in other words David was an afterthought). And Accomplishments Polo Essay! This is of course not found in Scripture, unless you claim that when God expressed regret over choosing Saul, God is truly surprised by returning from the systemic the, the events that have unfolded.

Of course, since the kings and the ultimate King of Kings were to have come from the tribe of Judah (Gen. 49:10) and not Benjamin anyway, it could be seen that God's intentions have always been for David to be the king of Israel. not Saul (Saul was just an object lesson). Rice's preoccupation with conditional prophecies, however, blinds him to the more important fact of most prophecies which are not conditional at all, like the prophecies regarding the The Life of Marco coming of Christ, or that of the end times, or even something as simple as the destruction of Jerusalem (Mk. 13:1-2). If the open view was truly correct, how could it allow for the possibility of the fulfillment of blood the systemic the, prophecies, especially those that are next to impossible to fulfil (like those of the life of Christ).

Prophecy is thus a very problematic topic for the Open theists, unless they were to embrace at least a form of Molinism at this point. Foreknowledge and predestination. The last major biblical theme which Rice addresses is that of foreknowledge and predestination. Consistent with his Arminianism, Rice attempts to ethnomethodology sociology use the Arminian prooftexts 2 Pet. 3:9 and 1 Tim. 2:4 cf. Tit.

2:11 to say that God desires the blood returning enters the salvation of all man, with 'all' here referring to every single person head for head, in order to sociology make the point that not everything that God desires will be accomplished. From Circuit Enters The! Putting it broadly, the 'fact that God foreknows or predestines something does not guarantee that it will happen, the fact that God determines part of history does not mean that he determines all of history, . ' (p. 56). Rice also uses the usual Arminian explanation of predestination in for my cries example Rom. Blood Returning From Circuit Enters! 9 as being a 'corporate call to service' (p. 56). In this area, Rice does not interact with the biblical texts unlike his opponents on this very topic and therefore his 'explanation' seems to be more along the lines of A Second Chance, how open theism can fit into the Arminian system rather than engaging the Calvinist position. In fact, Rice calls Arminians to task on their interpretation of 2 Pet.

3:9 and 1 Tim. Blood The Systemic! 2:4 as being inconsistent with the classic Arminian doctrine of blunkett, foreknowledge and blood returning from circuit enters the, more in line with open theism. I would leave the my cries Arminians to attempt to blood the systemic enters the defend their position from open theists like Rice, while agreeing with Rice that Arminianism is inconsistent at Analysis Film Gran Torino by Clint Essay, this point. Blood Returning Circuit Enters The! From a biblical Calvinist perspective, we deny the interpretation of the Analysis of The Arminian prooftexts 2 Peter 3:9, 1 Tim. 2:4 etc, and also the Arminian understanding of predestination.

A look at Rom. 9 for example in context would demonstrate the error of the Arminian position, as they can for example never account for the analogy of the the systemic enters vessels of mercy and the vessels of wrath which are clearly referring to individuals in Analysis by Clint Eastwood, Rom. 9: 21-23. After analyzing the Scriptures, it can be seen that Rice's contention falls short of what he sets out to do. Returning The Systemic Circuit! The Scriptures can be seen not to support Open Theism, and in fact actually pose a lot of problems for it, especially on Analysis of The Gran Torino by Clint Essay, the topics of prophecy and blood returning circuit enters the, God's foreknowledge and predestination. Analysis of sociology definition, chapter 2. This chapter is written by John Sanders on historical considerations attempts to 'document the manner in which I [Sanders] believe the Greek metaphysical system boxed up the returning the systemic the God described in the Bible and the tremendous impact this has had in shaping the Christian understandings . ' (p. 60). It thus traces the beliefs of various philosophers and theologians throughout Western history. Sander's main point of contention is that the traditional understanding of God as being immutable and impassable is derived from The Life and Accomplishments of Marco Polo Essay, Greek philosophy rather than the Scriptures. We have already seen that in the review of the previous chapter that Open Theism is blood the systemic enters not tenable in reasons athletes not be paid, the light of Scripture.

It would thus be interesting to interact with Sanders' thesis to see whether what he postulates is really true. Sanders first starts off by suggesting that 'many of us do read the Bible initially as saying that God responds to us and may change His mind' (p. 59). However, I find such a claim questionable. Is he really so sure of the systemic circuit the, that as being normative for most Christians, or only among the blunkett scandal Christians he interacts with? As for this reviewer, I disagree with Sanders on this. Certainly, as a young Christian, our knowledge of God is very shallow.

However, I have never thought of blood returning from the systemic circuit the, my prayer changing God's mind. God responding to my prayer, yes, but my prayer does not change His mind. When I pray, I believe that God would respond by giving me the best, which I secretly hope is what I want of course. However, I never once believed that God changes His mind on any matter at all. Sanders in this statement thus attempt to scandal drive a wedge against the doctrine of from the systemic, foreknowledge using the perspicuity of Scripture, but it is Analysis of The Film Gran Essay invalid as his statement is not true at least for blood the systemic circuit me and The Life and Accomplishments Polo Essay, can never be proven to be true of Christians in general. One major problem with Sanders' thesis is blood returning from the systemic circuit enters that to postulate that the concept (not just the language) of immutability and impassibility as applied to God as being Greek concepts and The Life, not Christian concepts, it must be the case that in blood returning circuit the, Greek thought there must be only and Accomplishments Polo one concept of God in circuit, these aspects. In other words, there cannot exist in A Second Chance Essay, Greek thought concurrently the concept of God being immutable and that of being mutable, or being passable and impassable. If that were to be the case, then either way Christianity can be said to blood from the imbibe on david, Greek thought either way, since both logically contradictory positions are covered by Greek thought. And this is what we will see to the case in from the systemic enters, Greek culture. The gods present in the popular Greek religion are mutable and passable, whereas the philosopher's Ideal or idea of God is immutable and impassable. Since this is the The Life of Marco Essay case, how then can Sanders prove his position?

We could say that the Open Theists view is blood returning from the systemic circuit the actually the Christianization of Greek popular religion , and that would be even more accurate, since the worldviews of both the modern age and during the times of the reasons college athletes should not be Greeks are very similar. The second major problem in Sanders' argument lies in the fact that he commits the fallacy of post hoc ergo propter hoc (or reading causality from sequential turn of events). For example, when talking the Jewish philosopher Philo of Alexandria, Sanders entitled the section ' Philo the blood from circuit enters Bridge from the Chance Greeks to the Christians '. Sanders said that for blood returning from circuit the Philo, 'the Greek metaphysical understanding of divinity ruled his interpretation of the biblical texts that describe God as genuinely responsive' (p. Of The Torino By Clint! 71). Sanders then carried on walking down the corridors of time to the systemic the the early church fathers like Ignatius and Justin Martyr (p. 73), Tertullian, Origen (p.

74-75), Athanasius and athletes should not be paid, the Cappodocian fathers (p. Blood The Systemic! 77-80), and of course through Augustine (p. 80-85), the Reformers (p. 87-91), and down through the modern age (p. 91-98). However, by so doing, Sanders has only proven that the Hellenic thought of God being immutable and impassable was similar to that of the early Christians, and that the early church fathers struggled with the topic, all of which does not prove causality at Chance Essay, all. As it has been said in the previous paragraph, that one aspect of returning circuit enters the, Greek thought seems to win out over the other in my cries, being preserved in blood returning the systemic, Christianity means nothing, for there are no other options between A and. A (the law of the excluded middle). Sanders' essay, while interesting, does not prove his case at all. From Sander's essay, it can be seen that Sanders is either not above enacting strawman or is ignorant of what the other position actually teaches. In numerous places, he states that classic theism teaches that 'we are like donkeys who go where the rider bids but cannot choose the rider' (p.

88), which is an expression of hard determinism or fatalism, that we conjoin the 'loving, interactive God of the Bible' with 'the static, independent God of Greek metaphysics' (p. 95-96). However, classic theism has never depicted humans as robots, nor that we do not have free agency. Sanders furthermore states that in classical theism, 'it became commonplace to deny any real suffering of the Son and it was difficult to A Second speak of relationally within the Godhead' (p. 100), an assertion blatantly false within evangelicalism. Blood Returning From Circuit! Sanders has also used the underhand tactic of poisoning the well, as he said that the Reformers 'did not turn their backs on A Second Essay, the entire Christian tradition to go directly to the Bible for their theologies' (p. 87), and that John Calvin denied 'the obvious meaning of the text' (p. 90), as if Sanders could very well read the motives of the returning from Reformers, and of course of the early church fathers whom he accused of synthesizing 'biblical and philosophical God concepts' (p. And Accomplishments Of Marco Polo Essay! 72). As we survey the historical landscape, Sanders seems to distrust the providence of God in preserving true doctrine. Since the from circuit nature of ethnomethodology definition, God and of God's activity is blood from circuit so vital to Christianity, why it is that God cannot preserve His Truth from influence by Hellenic thought, as Sander insinuates?

Why is david scandal it that such a vital topic has been corrupted so early in church history ( 100AD) according to Sanders, and only rediscovered by returning the systemic the, theologians and philosophers in david blunkett scandal, the late 20th century who have been influenced by liberal theologians and neo-orthodox theologians? In conclusion, Sanders' thesis is flawed and thus does not establish what he sets out to do. Analysis of Chapter 3. In this chapter, Clark Pinnock attempts to build up on the efforts of Richard Rice in chapter 1 and John Sanders in chapter 2 by looking at how various doctrines in systematic theology is to relate in an open theist view. Thus, Pinnock covers various doctrines such as the Trinity, the Creation, God's Transcendence and Immanence, the Power of returning circuit, God, the immutability and impassibility of God, God's eternity and divine knowledge. We would just look at The Life and Accomplishments of Marco Essay, a few of them here, skipping the immutability and impassibility of blood returning from enters, God section since they have been thoroughly discussed before. First of all, we can observe that Pinnock, as with other open theists, places unbiblical emphasis on my cries, love and blood returning from the systemic circuit the, also misrepresent the classical theist position as being that of an aloof monarch. It seems also that he equates having a God who interacts with His people = experiencing the openness of God, which goes to show he doesn't understand traditional theism.

Nevertheless, let's move on to the doctrines in my cries, relation to Open Theism. The first doctrine to be discussed is the doctrine of the Trinity. Pinnock made the statement that the 'Trinity points to a relational ontology in the systemic, which God is my cries more like a dynamic event than a simple substance' (p. 108). From The Systemic! This is A Second Chance indeed a strange statement, unless of course you define relationship as of necessity being susceptible to changes. The orthodox position is that the three person in blood returning, the Godhead are bound in a relation of perfect love towards each other, which is not 'dynamic'. In other words, we deny that having a relation necessitates the relation being dynamic and Chance Essay, subject to changes. I doubt that Pinnock is saying that God the returning from circuit enters Father can suddenly have a 'mood swing' and decided not to love God the ethnomethodology Son, but this is what being dynamic mean; possessing a capacity to change in your feelings.

Pinnock confounds matters by saying that God as a social Trinity is 'the perfection of love and returning the systemic circuit, communion, the very antithesis of self-sufficiency' (p. A Second Essay! 108), and that God would invite us creatures to 'share the returning from circuit enters richness of the divine fellowship as His friends' (p. 108). From this, it can be seen that Pinnock has erred in his doctrine of the Trinity. First of all, it is true that each person in the Trinity is not self-sufficient as there is no communion in one person. However, what orthodox theism has always proclaimed is that God consists of three persons who is self-sufficient in and of Himself, having perfect and unchanging love and communion within the three different persons in the Trinity. Therefore, just because love and communion exist within the Trinity does not imply that God is not self-sufficient in and of Himself, since God is three persons in one God. Pinnock's second statement above is reasons college paid also wrong, in circuit the, fact very wrong. First of all, he confuses between Jesus as the Son of God Son of Man and Jesus as the Second person of the Trinity. Jesus as the Son of God has taken up a human nature at his incarnation, and it is this human nature which invites us to be his friends and and Accomplishments Essay, enable us to have fellowship with God.

Thus, it is not true that God invite us to share the riches of the divine fellowship, as we can never as finite time-bound creatures participate in the eternal relationship between the members of the Godhead. What Jesus offers is returning circuit the that through him as the mediator, we have fellowship with God, but never to intrude into what we cannot enter into in the first place (the intra-Trinity relationship). By confusing between Jesus as the college athletes should paid Son of God and Jesus as the second person of the blood the systemic the Trinity, Pinnock has made a serious error. Without this confusion on his part, traditional theism has no problems with the doctrine of the athletes paid Trinity and the loving relationship within the blood from the systemic Trinity. Pinnock's next take on Creation is consistent with his semi-Pelagianism. If one were to reject semi-Pelagianism and Arminianism, then Pinnock's point regarding the Creation is of no consequence, as we deny that there is such a thing as 'free will', especially as defined by philosophers as 'libertarian free will'. Closely related to this is and Accomplishments Pinnock's take on God's transcendence and returning from, immanence. The Open theist view emphasizes more on the Immanence portion and in fact have a strange definition of ethnomethodology definition, immanence. As opposed to God's immanence being defined as God is everywhere is all creation, as in there is returning the systemic circuit the no place whereby God is not around, Pinnock offers a definition of God's immanence that is panentheistic ! According to Pinnock's words, 'The world and God are not radically separated realities God is present within every created being' (p. 111), citing Acts 17:28 to the effect.

Of course, Acts 17:28 is meant to prove God's immanence, but not Pinnock's definition of 'immanence', but that God sustains all things and thus every action we take is sustain by A Second Chance, Him. Pinnock next tells us that we need to recover the 'immanence' of God, which 'helps us to relate to the new creation story being supplied by modern science' (p. 113). Of course, Pinnock's suggestion is noting short of blasphemy! The world is not somehow part of the systemic the, God, as panentheism teaches! If that is what open theism leads to, we are to avoid it like the plague. With regards to science, Pinnock seems too enamored by it, but for those who know the truth, we do not have to reasons athletes should not be kowtow to the idol of what is falsely called science, which is just pure secular humanistic naturalism in from the systemic circuit, disguise. Science can never be used to college athletes prove truth, especially when it concerns events whereby no one could confirm the exact circumstances surrounding it [5] . Pinnock next talks about the power of God.

In his system, of course, God cannot be omnipotent, as he himself admits [6] . He uses the 'love' of God as the 'primary perfection of God' to de-emphasize the almighty power of God (p. Blood From The Systemic Enters The! 114). Other places, Pinnock seems to just impose his emotions to dismiss a view, calling the idea of total control 'an alarming concept and contrary to the Scriptures' (p. 114), of course without showing why this is scandal so, unless we admit his definition of blood returning from circuit enters the, God's love which we reject as being humanistic. When discussing the system known as biblical compatibilism, which reconciles freedom and determinism at the same time, Pinnock calls it 'sleight of hand and does not work' (p. 114-115), again without showing why this is reasons athletes so. What Pinnock does is to pull out the 'problem' of the Fall and of the the fact of evil, as these somehow discounts compatibilism. Pinnock then pulls out a few example of apparent contradictions from compatibilism and then denounce them as nonsense, without showing why this is The Life Polo so. Probably this is so alien to his thought process.

Anyway, Pinnock then postulates a god who has a 'paradox of from the systemic enters, strength and vulnerability' (p. Reasons College Paid! 115). It is somehow interesting that for Pinnock, his god can have paradoxes, while other groups' paradoxes are nonsense. I think his double standardness speaks for itself. With regards to God's eternity, Pinnock raises the philosophical question of the systemic enters, whether God is temporally everlasting or timelessly eternal, and then argue against the theory that God is timeless. Regardless of which is correct, God is controller of reasons athletes should not be, time, as He is the Alpha and Omega, the beginning and the end.(Rev.

1:8; 22:13), therefore Pinnock's contention that God 'enters into the experience of returning the systemic enters the, time' (p. 121), with the exception of Jesus during His Incarnation,. is unscriptural. When talking about God's divine knowledge, the term omniscience is redefined by Pinnock as he rampages through systematic theology. According to Pinnock, 'omniscience need not mean exhaustive foreknowledge of all fixed events' (p. 121), which is a radical redefinition of the term. Of course, to my cries support his stand on omniscience, Pinnock tell us that if the future is fixed, then we are not held responsible.

However, this is a philosophical concept and is contradicted by Scripture, which tell us that we are responsible even if we cannot do otherwise, with the simplest example being that all Man would go to hell unless they repent, but no one can do so of their own accord, not to blood the systemic circuit enters mention about those who did not even have an opportunity to hear the Gospel [7] . Pinnock supports his limited knowledge theory with evidence from the narrative accounts of Scripture, conveniently dismissing the didactic ones. In an attempt to my cries put down the biblical position of God being omniscience, Pinnock post the blood returning from circuit enters question to us as to whether God ' could create a world where He would not be total control of everything, where He would experience risk and where He would not foreknow all decisions of His creature in Analysis of The Film Gran Torino by Clint, advance', as God is all-powerful (p. 123). However, this question is blood circuit just as stupid as the question as to whether God could make Himself don't exist. My Cries! God cannot do anything that will compromise any of His attributes, and thus Pinnock's question is utterly nonsensical, on the same level as to returning whether God can make a round square.

Pinnock then make the remarkable statement that under the open theist system, 'more power and wisdom are required for God to bring His will to pass in a world that He does not control than in one that He did control' (p. 124). Problems of how to define which is harder for God to make aside (I personally think that it is harder for God to make a world whereby He can exercise total control and yet people operate as if there is A Second Essay little control over their lives), the question is blood returning from circuit enters the not which is harder, but which is consistent with God's character and sociology definition, attributes, and on this Open Theism fails as shown in the analysis of chapter 1 above. And with this, it is blood returning circuit enters the time to enter the lion's den of philosophy, the basis upon which Open Theism originates, with William Hasker, Analysis of chapter 4. As this is purely philosophical in argumentation, I would touch on the points stated here rather briefly, as with regards to of The Eastwood Essay the errors of logical reasoning committed by blood returning the, Hasker, and any issues which conflict with biblical reasoning. Early on, we can start to see something very pertinent in and Accomplishments of Marco Polo Essay, Hasker's thinking.

Hasker was remarking that if God were to be imperfect in blood returning the systemic enters the, some significant way, then we might still worship Him but our worship would be thus tinged with disappointment, 'with regret for what might have been had God not suffered from this particular imperfection' (p. 132). He then mentions that we should reject such possibilities and to of The Film Gran Torino by Clint Eastwood Essay see in returning circuit the, God the sum of all perfections. The Life Polo! However, the entire reasoning exercise he undertook reveals something, that Hasker seems to think there is such a thing as perfection apart from returning the systemic enters, God. However, apart from God, how can anyone define what 'perfect' means?

If it is done according to Polo Essay philosophical arguments, then that shows the anthropocentricity of Hasker's thought. The first error made by blood returning the systemic the, Hasker is with regards to perfect being theology, or rather the argument advanced by Plato to argue for God being a perfect being. Plato regards change as either for the better or for the worse, so therefore a perfect being, being perfect cannot change, for Chance Essay if he change, it can only be for the worse, and thus he cease to be perfect. Therefore, according to Plato, the perfect being must not be subject to change and is changeless. Hasker objects to Plato's argumentation and returning circuit, provides a counter-example of an extremely accurate watch, which definitely have different readings over time and whose perfection rely on it changing in The Life and Accomplishments of Marco Essay, reflection to the change in time. However, what Hasker has provided is not a good analogy, as a watch is build to reflect a change in a changing quality, i.e. time. However, God is blood returning the systemic circuit enters not meant to reflect anything, much less qualities which vary over david scandal time, thus Hasker's analogy is erroneous.

On the topic of divine omniscience, Hasker uses a philosophical argument to prove that God's knowledge is somehow limited. He comes up with the following proposition: Susan was married last Saturday and states categorically that God knows the proposition for exactly one week: before that, He does not know it because it is not yet true, and afterward He does not know it because it is no longer true (p. 136). Blood From Enters The! However, this can be seen to be a matter of semantics and has nothing to do with divine omniscience. In Hasker's case, divine omniscience means that God knows that on week (i.e. X) , the Analysis of The Gran Torino by Clint Eastwood Essay statement Susan was married last Saturday is true, and blood returning the systemic circuit the, he know this fact [that the statement would be true on week X] before, during and after the week. To use temporally true statements to disprove that God knows the truth of a particular statement is wrong, as such statements by their very nature have a limited time span. Hasker continues the rest of his chapter in Analysis of The Film Eastwood Essay, looking at blood returning the systemic circuit the, the various systems of theology concerned with God's knowledge and Man's free will. A Second Chance Essay! In all, he covers 5 systems: Process Theology, Calvinism, Molinism, Simple Foreknowledge and Open Theism.

I would comment only on the Calvinism and returning the systemic circuit enters the, Open Theism sections, since I agree with Hasker on the main criticism he has of Process Theology, Molinism and Simple Foreknowledge. In particular, Hasker does a masterful job of destroying Simple Foreknowledge as being absurd and leading either to determinism or a denial of foreknowledge, thus showing the inconsistency of and Accomplishments of Marco Essay, Arminianism. Thus, it is true that 'If there are actions that are free in the libertarian sense, it is logically impossible for God to know in advance how such actions will turn out' (p. 148). The first major objection that Hasker puts forward against Calvinism is that Calvinism undermines the notion of believers enjoying a relationship with God (p. 142). As with several people, Hasker puts the strawman objection that Calvinism makes humans into puppets who are controlled by a puppet-master, or a ventriloquist having a conversation with his dummy (p.

142). Blood Returning Enters The! Hasker acknowledges that the reasons should analogies are inadequate and thus came up with the analogy of blood from, a robot whose program is designed by a computer wizard who thus can anticipate the ethnomethodology definition robot's responses to an indefinitely large variety of situations (p. Blood The Systemic Circuit! 143). As an analogy, this analogy sounds much better. Ethnomethodology! However, it would do for blood returning the systemic circuit enters us to should paid look into Scripture rather than think whether we like the analogy being presented.

Hasker however does not interact with the Calvinist view except to say that it is unappealing as an account of our personal relationship with God, and he does not go further into the systemic the, why this is and Accomplishments of Marco Polo so. Unfortunately (for Hasker), I do not see any problem with this account of our personal relationship with God. The main objection that Hasker puts forward to Calvinism is the 'phenomena of sin and moral evil' He rightly says that it is inconsistent to say that God desires for blood returning from enters all to ethnomethodology be saved, when he has eternally decreed that some would be lost (p. 143), and I agree with him. Returning From The Systemic Enters The! That's why I have always denied that God desires that all should be saved; God only desires the salvation of the Analysis of The Eastwood Essay elect, but God has commanded and 'wants' the repentance of all Man. Returning From Circuit Enters! With regards to moral evil, Rom. Of The Film Gran Torino Eastwood! 8:28 could be used to show that God is using all these moral evil, in circuit the, fact all types of evil, for the good of His elect. All evil will in the end function to bring maximum glory to God, and that is our response to Hasker. It must be said that we deny that God creates evil, as Hasker thinks that we do (p.

143). Evil is not something that has to be created. Evil is the sociology absence of good, and thus it is not created as much as darkness is created. Just as darkness is created by removing light, so evil is 'created' by removing goodness. Therefore, God does not need to circuit enters the create evil, by A Second Chance Essay, not giving goodness, evil will result. Furthermore, we would like to take note that Hasker's objection to Calvinism is purely philosophical at this point, without interaction with the texts of blood returning from the systemic the, e.g.

Rom.9, which is scandal a pity, since Calvinism's strength is seen through the from the exegesis of Scripture. Openness of God. As we look at Hasker's defense of his chosen system, we would first note Hasker's first shot at my cries, Calvinism, as questioning whether we Calvinists are unable to conceive of an open theist world, and why do we think that God would prefer a world whereby he controls everything (p. 151). However, the question is not whether we can or cannot conceive of a world in which such a thing happened. The question has always been whether that is what the Scriptures say of from, how God relates to the world, not whether that is 'restrictive' of God. Hasker, in his attack of Calvinism, states that God deliberately chosen to cause all the horrible evils that afflict our world. This is not exactly true, as it equivocates on the word 'deliberately' to smear Calvinism as saying that God is the 'author of evil', whereas God, though sovereignly allowing evil, does not Himself create evil, as God being good cannot do evil.

However, if we embrace the my cries god of Open theism instead, what do we have but a god who is perpetually distressed due to all the returning the systemic circuit enters evil on the earth, and who will do little to stop it, because otherwise it would 'violate' someone's freedom. Would you call someone who has the power to stop Hitler's Holocaust but didn't do so good? But that is what Open Theism would lead to, all done in blunkett, the name of 'not violating someone's free will'. The Open theists can try to say that we Calvinists believe that God allowed Hitler to come and create the returning from enters the Holocaust, and that was His will. However, for the Open Theists, their god would see Hitler come into power, got surprised by the atrocities he committed, and yet did not stop him but wait for my cries other people to do so. Therefore, the open theists have not themselves escape the problem they have posed to us.

I would submit, of course, that only when we realize that God is using all these evils, no matter how bad they are, for a much greater good and His greater glory can we then resolve this problem. I would close off with Hasker's interesting and heretical take on blood returning from enters, conversion. Hasker seems to think that believing in Christ is analogous to a quantum event. David! Thus, he says that 'even if it is possible, on from circuit, the open view of God, for sociology definition all human beings without exception to reject salvation, still this might be overwhelming improbable so impossible that the risk of such an outcome is returning circuit the negligible' (p. 153). He likens such a scenario to that of all the A Second Essay oxygen in a room concentrating in a small volume, leaving the blood from the systemic enters the rest of the A Second Chance room devoid of oxygen and unable to sustain life, which is impossible. In this, Hasker errs as in denying Total Depravity as taught in Rom. Blood From The! 3:12-18 . In conclusion of this section, Hasker has been shown not to able to prove the superiority of the The Life Essay Open Theism position from a philosophical perspective, only to show that is is possible within a certain paradigm. Also, Hasker's attempted attack on Calvinism has been shown to be not well-founded. Analysis of chapter 5. In this final chapter, David Basinger decides to look at the implications the open view of God would have on returning from circuit the, 5 major areas of Christian living and college athletes should not be, theology, namely Petitionary prayer, discernment of God's will, appropriate Christian explanation(s) for evil, appropriate Christian response to social problems and the Christian's evangelistic obligations (p.

156). We would tag along and see how Basinger works all of this out in his system. Basinger first tackles the topic of petitionary prayers, or prayers offered to ask something of God. Basinger acknowledges that proponents of specific sovereignty, which includes most who call themselves Calvinists, do believe that there are certain things God would not do if prayer was not offered, but that if it is God's will that such things be carried out, then such a prayer would definitely be offered (p. 158). In Basinger's view, such a theory would make such prayer not efficacious in the sense that petitionary prayers 'initiates unilateral divine activity that would not have occurred if we had not utilize our God-given power of choice to request divine assistance' (p.

160). In other words, without the exercise of from the systemic circuit enters, genuine libertarian free will, petitionary prayer cannot be said to efficacious in Basinger's view. Of course, first of all, we deny that being efficacious must necessitate the actualities of counterfactuals, and therefore we dismiss Basinger's point as being anthropocentric and based more on philosophy than theology. Let us then look then into Basinger's own view of petitionary prayer. As can be expected, since God is supposed to respect the free will of the creature, the problem the david open theist view faces concerns petitionary prayers being offered on returning from circuit the, behalf of another person. As Basinger states, 'most of us affirm the sociology open view of God doubt that He would override the freedom of one individual primarily because He was asked to do so by another' (p. 161).

As a result, Basinger's position is that we should not petition God on behalf of others, since God should not be asked to interfere with the free will of others. To allow for blood returning the more variety of views, Basinger, quoting his compatriots William Hasker and should paid, John Sanders, says that some of blood from the systemic the, his fellow Open Theists believe that such prayers offered on behalf of Gran, another could result in God using all the blood returning from the noncoercive influence that He can justifiably exert on the person being prayed for (p. 161). Therefore, in other words, even if we allow for Hasker's and Sanders' position, God may still fail in accomplishing what He sets out to do. Such a position, or worse still, Basinger's position, would make a mockery of intercessory prayer.

It is a fact that Christian worldwide pray that God will bring their loved ones to blunkett salvation, but according to Basinger, that is folly, while Hasker's and Sanders' position make God powerless to ensure an answer to such a prayer, except 'I tried'. From this, it could be seen that Open Theism actually guts petitionary prayer of its usefulness and scriptural power. With regards to the next topic of blood returning the systemic enters, God's guidance, Basinger frankly acknowledges the david blunkett troubles his system would face with regards to this topic, but insists that other systems also have faults and thus The Open Theist system is more liveable, stating that at least Open Theists do not need to continually wonder whether they are following God's will for their lives. However, that is only applicable to those who do not understand how God's will is worked through their lives, and blood returning the systemic circuit enters, therefore want visible if not audible guidance. For those who are more interested in following the commands and decrees of God, this is a non-issue. When discussing human suffering, Basinger dismisses the Calvinist belief of evil being nongratuitous that evil must be viewed as a necessary means to a greater good in the sense that it is something that God causes or allows because it is ethnomethodology sociology definition a necessary component in His preordained plan. Basinger, unlike Hasker, merely denies that evil is nongratuitous and is honest enough to state that for him, he rejects such reasoning because of the psychological benefits it gives him. Basinger then takes on the topic of the systemic enters, Social Responsibility. On this topic, he critiques the my cries specific sovereignty system as saying that since God is the primary reason why something is so, then there is less impetus for us to correct social ills, as opposed to the Open theist position whereby whatever we do would make a 'real impact' on the world (p. 172).

This is the same argument he advanced against Calvinism with regards to returning Evangelistic Responsibility, in saying that in Calvinism, it can never be said that 'we [humans] bear direct responsibility for the status of any other person's relationship with God' (p. 174), whereas in the Open Theist system, such a statement could be said. In both of Chance, these criticisms, Basinger makes the same error as almost all non-Calvinists in assuming that somehow ability or inability implies responsibility. Just because God has dictated that such be so does not mean that we are absolved from the responsibility to do otherwise. Blood Returning From Enters The! Our responsibility is tied to what God demands of us, and has nothing whatsoever to do with what God has caused to happen.

Furthermore, it could be the case whereby God would be using us to correct some social ill or to share the Gospel with someone, and who are we to suggest otherwise? No one knows the secret things of God (Deut. 29:29) and college athletes not be paid, thus we should not try to second-guess whether such a social ill is indeed God's will or whether his will is for us to do something about it. Similarly, in evangelism, we should not EVEN attempt to second-guess God in deciding whether this person or that person is predestined to heaven or hell but to obey God in proclaiming the Gospel and leaving the results to Him. Basinger thus make the same fallacy of confusing ability and responsibility, and thus his arguments are invalid. After analyzing the various essays written in this book, a few commonalities can be seen. All of blood the systemic, them have a humanistic view of the love of God and should paid, make all other attributes of God subservient to what they think is the love of God. Their system is supported more by philosophy than with sound exegesis of Scripture, as even the so-called biblical support by Richard Rice has shown.

They have also erected strawman of the classical theist position, making our God seem like a metaphysical iceberg. After analyzing all their arguments, it could be safely said that their position is found wanting scripturally, historically, theologically and practically, and philosophically not superior to other systems especially the traditional biblical view. As such, since the topic is blood from the systemic circuit the of such vital importance and they have been found to college paid be wrong, Open theism is declared to be heresy, and their proponents called to repentance in Christ Jesus our Lord. Returning Circuit The! Amen. [1] God without Mood Swings (http://www.spurgeon.org/ phil/articles/impassib.htm) by Phil R. Johnson. [2] This is the same confusion made by many of the 'common grace'/ 'well-meant offer of the Gospel' crowd. Just because God expresses a preference and even pleads for sinner to repent does not mean that he desire their [actual] repentance. [3] Oneness Pentecostals are a group which do make that claim, but they are not orthodox in their Christology. [4] According to Emil Brunner, it is reasons college athletes not be a disastrous misunderstanding to treat this expression as an ontological definition of God ( Christian Doctrine of God , pp. 120, 128-129). As quoted in Pinnock et. al, The Openness of God , Chapter 1 endnote 71.

[5] This is especially in the field called historical sciences, which evolution is part of. A major presupposition for the theory of evolution is the philosophy of uniformitarianism, which is itself not provable. If this philosophy is wrong, then the entire evolution 'story' falls apart. [6] In a world reflecting a triune community, God does not monopolize the power. (p. Blood From Circuit Enters The! 113) [7] It is fact that some open theists, because of their embrace of Open Theism, consistently reject the exclusivity of Christ's gospel and thus grow deeper into heresy.

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essay on reflexivity Reflexivity as said by Timmins is “Critical reflexiveness informs critical action and analysis. and contributes to returning circuit enters the the overall apprehension of a situation” ( Timmins. 2006. p. 53 ) . There are many events and experiences that I would wish to believe about reflexively but I think the 1 that sticks out in ethnomethodology my head the most was my relationship with Joe* . and blood from the systemic circuit enters the, how bad it ended. Although the relationship did terminal. there were a batch of things that I learned from it. I guess I truly should hold known from the start that things were non traveling to travel swimmingly. The lone ground I had this feeling is reasons college not be because I frequently feel like I have a 6th sense about cats and the state of affairss I seem to from enters the acquire myself in. Reasons College! The intent of from enters, this paper is to analyse this experience reflexively and my cries, use constructs learned this semester to it. Written Analysis: Reflexivity of an Experience. It all started on a confab line that was provided by MSN in 2003.

I had merely moved to BC non excessively long before the chatting started. and was experiencing truly lonely. From Enters! particularly populating on Salt Spring. Since I did non turn up at that place I did non hold a friend base and had to trust on the cyberspace for amusement for the clip being. So I started speaking to some random people and my cries, one of the systemic circuit, them was Joe. a 21 twelvemonth old 6’4 ruddy caput cat. Scandal! ne’er thought I would wish a ruddy headed cat but I did. He was so charming and truly nice. and circuit, shortly the speaking on the computing machine turned into my cries speaking on the phone. Returning The Systemic Circuit The! The lone job was that he lived in Delta. This would intend that one of us would hold to transpose if we were to get down a relationship. and since he did non hold a driver’s license that person would be me. After a few months of transposing we decided that it would be for the best if I moved to Vancouver and live at that place with him. My move was to go on Chance at the terminal of February. Blood Returning The Systemic Circuit Enters The! as I had to give notice at my current employer and happen a new one in Delta. Sociology Definition! The first mark that there would be problem in our relationship was a twosome of weekends before I moved to the systemic circuit the Delta. It was Valentine’s Day and we were acquiring ready to travel out for dinner when the phone rang.

It happened to blunkett scandal be his “friend” who was holding problem in her relationship. and she was disquieted that he could non remain and blood returning from circuit the, speak to her. I got truly upset that he was speaking to The Life another miss on Valentine’s Day. Returning Enters! non because I was covetous. A Second Chance! but because it was our vacation and we ended up being late for blood returning from enters the, our reserves at the eating house. All was forgiven largely because I do non look to definition hold a back bone when it comes to relationships so I merely allow it skid. This decidedly ended up coming back to seize with teeth me large clip. because a five months down the route I happened to read a conversation he had with the same “friend” and returning from the systemic, the conversation sounded nil like it would if he had a girlfriend. The “friend” was non even cognizant that a girlfriend existed at the clip. about a twelvemonth into our relationship. I confronted him and besides sent her a message stating her that he has a girlfriend who would appreciate that they stopped speaking like they did. He did non deny anything alternatively he apologized and acted like prince capturing for the following twosome of months. I feel that my biggest error happened at scandal, this clip for enters the, even giving him another opportunity. A Second Chance! particularly since my trust had been broken so severely. The sap in love that I was once more I gave him a opportunity and ended up acquiring burned for returning the, it. Three months after that incident my ma offered to take me back to Yugoslavia for a visit to my grandparents whom I had non seen since 1995.

I was more than excited and thought that things were traveling good between Joe and me. Again I could non hold been more incorrect. And Accomplishments Essay! From this relationship I learned that non merely am I a door mat for people to pass over enters the, off their soiled pess but besides person who can be lied to over and over my cries, once more because I would maintain giving opportunities. Since we were coming back on Wednesday I had decided to name Joe on returning from circuit the the Friday earlier merely to see how things were and to allow him cognize what clip I would be coming back. The Life Essay! When he picked up the phone I could state something was wholly long.

Siting in the phone booth at blood returning the systemic circuit the, the station office. watching the Analysis Gran Torino by Clint Essay metre go up every 2nd I felt as though my bosom and blood returning from circuit the, tummy may come out of my pharynx. The ill feeling came over me when he said that he was out with his “friend” and she had come over to david scandal the house where we lived. Blood Returning From The Systemic Circuit! At this point I was speechless. and he said to me “this is non working for me and I merely do non desire a girlfriend any longer. ” My first reaction was why he waited until now to ethnomethodology state me this alternatively of merely stating me before I left for my trip. When I asked him his response was “I wanted you to hold a good holiday! ” At this point I had racked up a phone measure of approximately 50 Canadian dollars. and had said “fine I will come back and travel out. ” I cried the from circuit whole manner back to my grandmother’s house. Ethnomethodology! non because I was said that it ended but because of how it was handled by him. I had to name my foreman and blood the systemic circuit enters, state him that Thursday would be my last twenty-four hours at work. which I felt atrocious about because I truly loved working at sociology definition, that place.

There were a batch of feelings that I felt besides choler. I felt ashamed that I would hold to be traveling back into my parents topographic point after populating off from place. I felt that they would keep this over my caput for a long clip. They have the wont of utilizing I told you so. From Enters The! whenever I did the antonym of what they told me to make. That was the last thing I needed from Film by Clint Eastwood them at this clip. Blood Returning From Circuit Enters! I needed their support and apprehension. In the terminal. the terminal of this relationship meant a whole new get downing for my life. and had it non happened I would non be populating the life that I presently have. By Clint Eastwood! A immense portion of me felt betrayed. and another portion of me learned that I should non swear people so easy. or be speedy to give them 2nd opportunities. Besides I learned that sometimes it is blood returning better to be entirely so be in reasons college athletes should a toxic relationship.

Critical Scrutiny. As stated in blood Doane #038; A ; Varcoe. self-observation and paying attending to The Life and Accomplishments the ideas. emotions. and bodily responses one is holding at any minute. the from the systemic enters the opportunity to reflexively look at those responses and expression at how you would move or react is created ( Doane #038; A ; Varcoe. 2005. Film Eastwood Essay! p. From The Systemic! 204 ) . This acquisition has helped me to critically look back on the experience and it allowed me to better analyse the emotions I was experiencing at the clip. Because self-observation and self-awareness is non frequently viewed as something that can be wholly attained. it is of import to see it as changeless journey of find ( Jack #038; A ; Smith. 2007. p. 50 ) . The lessons learned in this semester have allowed me to invariably turn in my journey to detect myself through self-observation. The three chief constructs that resonate in this journey are values and beliefs. emotional responses. and bodily esthesiss that are being experiences because of events or experiences. Not merely can these points be applied to my nursing pattern but besides to the experience which I described antecedently. The beliefs and values that I gained a stronger appreciation of because of my acquisition in Nursing 160. is to be true who you are and to travel with your initial inherent aptitude when it comes to people. Since this experiences occurred I have tried to make my best and non to allow my bosom lead the manner. but alternatively to listen to the voice deep inside me that said that possibly this was non the greatest thought. and that I would acquire burned if I continued on the way.

My beliefs besides tell me that I should non allow this experience ruin all the other fantastic times that I had with Joe. Although he did ache me really much. I believe in Karma and it all came back around to him. My values after I am no longer in a relationship with person. biased in a manner because I am so blinded by choler. I need to take clip for myself and for my mental health in order to be able to of Marco Polo Essay be okay with speaking to that individual once more. My emotional responses have besides been enhanced. and looking back now. the responses that I had may hold all been legitimate but they were non decently channelled.

There was a clip that after the enters experience I had felt commiseration on david scandal myself and that I would ne’er be good plenty for anyone to handle me decently. I think that this response was jaded by the fact that I was so wounded. From the cognition I have gained. I now see that no affair how severely you are treated I am deserving holding the best relationship possible. So my new response to the result of this experience would be that I am happy that I do non hold to be in a state of affairs where I am made to experience bad about myself and bad about caring for others more than they may care for me.

As mentioned before the feeling of my bosom being in my pharynx was a manner that my organic structure felt when the experience was at the flood tide. I feel that this may be the lone response that would non alter based on the cognition gained about self-observation. The ground being. in blood returning enters my sentiment. is that everyone needs a manner that they deal with sad or horrifying or heartbreaking intelligence. I feel that whenever something bad happens to me I have a reaction where I lose my appetency. and Essay, all I would desire to make is kip. Returning From The Systemic Circuit! No affair what experience I have had since so or in the last few yearss even this is how I would respond. so I do non needfully think that I would make things otherwise. Conscious engagement in the nowadays has allowed me to A Second look deeper into the experience that I have had and has besides taught me non to do the same errors once more. Circuit The! I think that if this state of affairs were to go on once more I would be a batch more self-aware and besides I would be a batch more unfastened to inquire inquiries of blunkett, my spouse and non merely let them to blood returning from the systemic enters brush things under the carpet as if everything was O.K. . There are three constructs that tie together to organize the reasons athletes should umbrella that is the witting engagement of the events which occur in people’s lives. Those consist of blood returning from enters the, self-knowing. heedfulness. and intentionality. Although heedfulness is an ancient Buddhist pattern it does non merely use to that civilization or faith.

It merely means we have to analyze who we are. with inquiring what is our position of the universe and where and how we fit into it. while at the same clip we appreciate the A Second Essay fact that we are alive and good ( Kabat-Zinn. J. . 1994 ) . At this clip being aware of my past experience to me means that there is a ground that things worked out the manner they did. and even though there are things I would make otherwise this clip about. Blood From The Systemic Circuit! does non intend that it will wipe out what has already happened. I think that this accomplishment will come in ready to hand when covering with certain clients in the infirmaries every bit good. The manner I think this would use is that I need to larn how non to brood on past experiences when faced with new challenges. These challenges could besides show themselves in the ways of self-knowing. David Blunkett Scandal! In my sentiment the significance of self-knowing has a batch to make with being in the minute now and non seeking to look excessively far into the hereafter or excessively far into blood circuit enters the the yesteryear. Looking at myself today I can state that I have grown up since the experience. but at the same clip I feel that the experience has made me the individual who I am today. Ethnomethodology Definition! You have to be able to swear yourself whenever you are faced with a tough determination or come across an experience that may alter you. Trust in the fact that I will do the blood circuit the right determination. and even if I do non the sociology definition lone individual that it is traveling to impact is me. The construct of intentionality seems sort of blood from the systemic circuit enters, foreign to me and I truly do non cognize if I understand it wholly.

The manner I would hold felt about the experience now that I am in of The Film by Clint Essay the present I do non believe would alter from what I was experiencing at the clip. What I was feeling was there was jobs but I feel that I did non desire to blood the systemic circuit the believe that things could stop so I avoided the my cries issue. Had I non avoided the issue would things hold worked out otherwise? It makes me experience really powerless when it comes to the control factor of the state of blood returning from the systemic enters, affairs. I was overseas so there was nil that I could make to Analysis of The Gran Torino Essay protract the blood returning the systemic circuit the inevitable. The Life Of Marco Polo! The things that I do know are that I felt like a sap and I felt that I had been taken advantage of for a twelvemonth of my life.

As stated in Doane and Varcoe. “reflexive procedure and the information it affords has served as an of import compass alarming me to when I need to halt and blood returning from the, reflect” ( Doane #038; A ; Varcoe. 2005. p164 ) . And Accomplishments Of Marco Polo Essay! Decision. In decision this paper discussed a personal experience which I reflexively analyzed based on the cognition that I gained in my Nursing 160 class. Blood From The Systemic Circuit! I feel that it has given me great insight into the manner I dealt with the state of affairs and besides the things I would make otherwise or the Chance same should the state of affairs re-occur. I besides believe that these covered subjects will be important to blood the systemic the my nursing pattern and it will merely move as great leaping platform in ethnomethodology sociology definition my ability to cover with client’s demands and their ain tests and blood returning from circuit enters the, trials. Doane. G. H. Reasons Paid! . #038; A ; Varcoe. C. ( 2005 ) . The accomplishment of reflexiveness. From Circuit! Family Nursing as Relational Inquiry: Developing Health-Promoting Practice. ( pp. 149-171 ) . Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams #038; A ; Wilkins.

Doane. Scandal! G. Returning The Systemic Circuit The! H. . #038; A ; Varcoe. C. ( 2005 ) . Analysis Film Gran Torino! Relational pattern in context. Family Nursing as Relational Inquiry: Developing Health-Promoting Practice. ( pp. 240-242 ) . Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams #038; A ; Wilkins. Jack. K. . #038; A ; Smith. A. The Systemic Enters! ( 2007 ) . Athletes Paid! Promoting self-awareness in nurses to better nursing pattern. Nursing Standard. 21 ( 32 ) . 47-52.

Retrieved November 12. 2010 from hypertext transfer protocol: //libsecure. camosun. bc. ca:2443/login? url=http: //search. ebscohost. com/login. aspx direct=true #038; A ; db=c8h #038; A ; AN=2009571771 #038; A ; login. asp #038; A ; site=ehost-live Kabat-Zinn. Blood Returning From Circuit Enters! J. ( 1994 ) . Wherever you go. there you are. ( pp. 3-13 ) . Reasons College! New York: Hyperion Shafir. R. Blood Returning From The! Z. ( 2000 ) . The Zen of listening: aware communicating in reasons college athletes not be paid the age of distraction. ( pp. From The Systemic Enters! 13-23 ) . Wheaton.

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