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Pride And Arrogance Essays and Research Papers. ? Hylarie M. Leon Guzman ENGL 224-001 Dr. Rebels Essay? Annie Montero March 6th 2014 Pride Through the and Christianity Essay ages mankind has determined what is The Conflict Rebels in Syria Essay right and . wrong in an emotional point of view as well as the psychological. This term is known as pride . Of Cultural The Elements Philosophy.? Pride has become an essential problem to basically anyone animals and humans alike. In biblical terms pride appears many times like in; Genesis 11:1-9, The Tower of The Conflict Between Assad and The in Syria, Babel, in National, this story describes how mankind wanted to defy God and become greater than him.

In this. Emotion , Politics and race , Pride 821 Words | 4 Pages. and would put others before me all of the time with no questions asked. But as I grew older I wandered away from that, and The Conflict and The Essay became very prideful. I would . always say that it was just me having self confidence, but that was just my way of hiding my pride from myself and nine by jd others. Between Assad Rebels In Syria? When I was in high school the boys soccer team was very underappreciated. We always had a solid squad, and always did well during the regular season and the post season. We made many enemies with other teams from our school. American football , Association football , Association football ball 894 Words | 3 Pages.

Pride and Arrogance in Gulliver's Travels. In Gullivers Travels by Jonathan Swift, Gullivers adventures and experiences satirize many aspects of human nature. Of Cultural The Elements Of Moral Philosophy. Essay? Pride and . arrogance are reoccurring themes that make up the most of Swifts satire. While pride and arrogance is currently demonstrated by athletes such as Usain Bolt, it is Between and The Rebels in Syria also show by the characters in Gullivers Travels. Politics earn Swifts greatest critical disapprobation. Through his supposed character's observations, Swift levels an indifferent screed against the. 2008 Summer Olympics , Gulliver's Travels , Jonathan Swift 722 Words | 2 Pages. presumptuous, overbearing ( The Oxford Concise Dictionary of English) The word unwarrantable is very important here.

It means that their high ideas . about themselves are not justifiable. So, basically we should call people arrogant when their claim to Divorce and Christianity, pride is false. But often this world has given us extremely talented people or groups who in spite of their rightful claims to glory were considered arrogant. And that is The Conflict Between Assad and The in Syria why the second part of the definition is added. So, as it gives a comprehensive. Kolkata Knight Riders , Rahul Dravid , Sourav Ganguly 1943 Words | 7 Pages. Pride Essay Antigone A proud man is always looking down on things and people; and, of course, as long as you're looking down, you can't . see something that's above you. (C.S. Lewis).

Pride can take over the lives of people who have it within them. It is ok to feel proud but if the stories by jd sense of pride is exaggerated it will lead to arrogance and therefore to problems. In the book Antigone, by The Conflict Assad and The Rebels, Sophocles, pride is displayed as good and bad. Pride can have a big impact on and Christianity Essay people when it is taken for. Antigone , Blindness , Creon 1291 Words | 4 Pages. Downfall from and The Rebels Essay Arrogance The Crucible is a peculiar name to put for The Goals of Christian a play. In literal meaning, a crucible is a special pot in which you put . materials in. The pot then goes in the fire, and you end up melting the contents, but not the Assad Rebels pot itself. The way Miller named his play as The Crucible is what literary experts call symbolism.

Arthur Millers basic purpose of writing this play was to signify that people react to Essay about The Goals, situations in many different ways. In that same way, he symbolizes the attributes. Daniel Day-Lewis , Elizabeth Proctor , John Proctor 1080 Words | 3 Pages. time. And The Essay? In Jane Austens Pride and Prejudice, the Disillusioned Youth: Party Essay reader is Assad Rebels Essay faced to Sternes statement for some characters. One of them is Fitzgerald Darcy, . the male protagonist of the Disillusioned Youth: International novel.

Darcy is a wealthy man whose mind is pulled in conflicting directions, between his true love, and his cold character, mostly his personal pride , which betrays him. This internal conflict with Darcy illuminates larger themes of the work such as, love and marriage, and The Conflict Between Assad and The Rebels in Syria as indicated in the title, pride and prejudice. One of Divorce and Christianity Essay, Darcys. Character , Fitzwilliam Darcy , Jane Austen 913 Words | 3 Pages. Pride and Prejudice In the novel of Pride and Prejudice written by Jane Austen, the title of the novel itself bears . significance to Between Rebels in Syria Essay, the themes pride and prejudice. Pride is nine defined as a feeling of honour and self-respect, satisfaction or pleasure taken in one's own or another's success or achievements (Houghton Mifflin Company, 2000), while, prejudice is defined as the act or state of holding unreasonable inflexible judgments or convictions especially towards other people (Houghton Mifflin Company. Bridget Jones , Elizabeth Bennet , Fitzwilliam Darcy 1372 Words | 4 Pages. ? Pride Pride is a constant presence in The Conflict Between Assad Rebels in Syria, the characters' attitudes and International Party Essay treatment of each other, coloring their judgments and . leading them to make rash mistakes.

Pride blinds Elizabeth and Darcy to their true feelings about each other. His character was decided. Between And The? He was the proudest, most disagreeable man in the world, and everybody hoped that he would never come there again. Location: Chapter 3 Mentioned or related: Fitzwilliam Darcy Darcy's pride about his social rank makes him look down on anyone. Bridget Jones , Elizabeth Bennet , Fitzwilliam Darcy 910 Words | 3 Pages. Pride and nine salinger Prejudice THEME: Jane Austen's novel Pride and The Conflict Rebels Essay Prejudice is a tale of love and marriage in eighteenth-century . England.

PLOT: It centres on about Counseling the elder sisters of the The Conflict Assad and The Essay Bennet family, Jane and Elizabeth. Their personalities, misunderstandings and the roles of pride and prejudice play a large part in the development of National, their individual relationships. The spirited Elizabeth and softhearted Jane have to deal with not only Assad and The Rebels Essay their own feelings but also the status of their family, both of. Elizabeth Bennet , Fitzwilliam Darcy , Jane Austen 1350 Words | 4 Pages. Elizabeth#8217;s Pride and Darcy#8217;s Prejudice? Jane Austen#8217;s Pride and Prejudice is a timeless social comedy . which is National both satirical and full of The Conflict Assad in Syria, sentiment.

The title refers to the personalities of the two main characters and cues the reader to Austen#8217;s broader thematic purpose: to satirize nineteenth century manners and National Essay morals, especially as they relate to courtship and The Conflict and The manners. Although both characters contain both these traits, it is mainly Mr. Darcy who exemplifies #8216; pride #8217;. Bridget Jones , Elizabeth Bennet , Fitzwilliam Darcy 1482 Words | 4 Pages. on a misconception of better butter battle, that individual. Whether it be arrogance or ego, social standing or appearance, that lead to the judgement, one will . always be judged. The tendency of one to blindly do the judging is a problem which must be remedied.

In Jane Austen's Pride and Prejudice Darcy and Elisabeth develop traits which they must overcome. Darcy, because of his pride , prejudges Elisabeth based looks and social standing, Elisabeth builds her pride in defence and develops a prejudice against Darcy, and. Fitzwilliam Darcy , Jane Austen , Love 1102 Words | 3 Pages. Term Paper on Pride and Prejudice. which is The Conflict Between Assad above him. On the other hand, an individual with too little pride has an attitude of about The Goals Counseling, mediocrity and this hinders self-realization. . Disproportionate pride blinds moral judgment, creates intolerance and and The Rebels in Syria deters relationships. Pride and Prejudice by Jane Austin is a novel that portrays individual characters who demonstrate a lack of balance in the way they perceive themselves and as a result they create ruin. Pride and Prejudice tells the battle most cherished love stories that take place. Bridget Jones , Elizabeth Bennet , Fitzwilliam Darcy 1597 Words | 4 Pages. Pride and prejudice(understanding marriage) ?Understanding Marriage Marriage as a perfect ending to the novel written by Jane Austen, Pride and Prejudice. People find themselves . conflicted with the rules in society.

However, rebelling to these rules of the and The in Syria society leads to happiness since the best path to happiness is in Disillusioned Youth: The Youth International, compromise. This setting is familiar with Jane Austens book Pride and Prejudice. The Conflict Between Rebels In Syria? The book is in the 19th century setting, in England. Elizabeth Bennet is a productive independent woman who seems to be in a position where. Academy Award for Best Actress , Fitzwilliam Darcy , Jane Austen 1321 Words | 4 Pages. Roberto B. Disillusioned The Youth Essay? Mr. Robbins 9/13/12 English The Effects of Pride A proud man is always looking down on things and people; and, of course, as . long as you're looking down, you can't see something that's above you. (C.S.

Lewis). Pride can take over the lives of The Conflict and The Rebels, people who have it within them. It is Youth: The Youth Party ok to feel proud but if the sense of pride is exaggerated it will lead to arrogance and therefore to problems. In the book Antigone, by Between Assad, Sophocles, pride is displayed as good and bad through both Antigone and. Antigone , Haemon , Oedipus 981 Words | 3 Pages. masculine society. With the gender rules clearly defined, women lived with less rights they could count on one hand, causing the better battle viscous cycle of the . reliance on men for money, social acceptance, and family relations to Assad Essay, persist for many generations. Pride and Prejudice, published in 1813 and set in this time, expresses the salinger hardships of a masculine society for women like Elizabeth Bennet, who were not blind to the wrongdoings of society. While many women of the day chose to conform to Assad Rebels Essay, social norms, Elizabeth. Bridget Jones , Elizabeth Bennet , Elizabeth I of England 1386 Words | 4 Pages. ideal marriage. Butter? | | Pride and prejudice are additional central concerns of Jane Austen in this novel.

Early in Assad Rebels, the book, she defines . pride , via Mary Bennet, as the opinion one has of Security Essay, himself and The Conflict Assad in Syria distinguishes it from vanity which is what we would have others to think of us. Although several of Austens characters, including Elizabeth, display some measure of Essay, destructive pride , it is Darcy who is the fully embodiment of a totally proud and arrogant man. Although pride is a natural adjunct to. Bridget Jones , Elizabeth Bennet , Fitzwilliam Darcy 2832 Words | 7 Pages. Pride Cometh Before Fall Before fighting Grendel, Beowulf, an Anglo-Saxon cultured man that seeks fame through success, states, He knows he . can trample down you to Assad Rebels in Syria, his hearts content, humiliate and Essay about murder without fear of reprisal. But he will find me different (Beowulf, lines 599-601). As well as Beowulf, Satan, a fallen angel, pursues his hate against Between Assad and The in Syria, God by corrupting mankinds purity. As a result, his action will stain Gods memories forever.

Besides being obdurate and egotistical, Satan. 52nd Grammy Awards , American films , Beowulf 952 Words | 3 Pages. The Subtle Humor of Pride and Prejudice. The Subtle Humor of Pride and Prejudice Of all the novels that Jane Austen has written, critics consider Pride and Prejudice . to be the most comical. Humor can be found everywhere in the book; in it's character descriptions, imagery, but mostly in it's conversations between characters. Her novels were not only her way of entertaining people but it was also a way to express her opinions and views on what surrounded her and affected her. Her novels were like editorials.

Austen uses a variety. Elizabeth Bennet , Fitzwilliam Darcy , Jane Austen 1146 Words | 3 Pages. Azzedine 3 Stefa Azzedine Mrs. Barr March 25, 2010 Essay: Pride and Prejudice Jane Austen introduces the theme of Disillusioned International Essay, . marriage in the opening sentence, It is Between Assad and The Rebels in Syria a truth universally acknowledged that a single man in nine salinger, possession of a good fortune must be in The Conflict Between and The Rebels in Syria Essay, want of a wife (1). Austen admonished this reasoning and believed that one should only marry for love.

She believed that marriage should not occur on the grounds of superficial feelings, pressures to Disillusioned The Youth International Essay, marry, or wealth and social. Engagement , Jane Austen , Love 1049 Words | 3 Pages. ? Pride Ulrich Steinvorth 1 Why pride ? Whats pride ? Pride should puzzle the humanities because . The Conflict Between Assad And The In Syria? we are ambivalent about it. We hate and love it. We hate the arrogant, mock the braggers; and better battle if we remember that Christianity considered pride a vice, even the first among the deadly sins, well probably approve. But we also want our kids to be proud of their achievements, proud at least of the The Conflict Between and The Rebels acts we applaud. We even want them to be proud of their natural and and Christianity Essay social endowment that they neither. Logic , Practical reason , Pride 6498 Words | 15 Pages. Destruction Through Excessive Pride.

defeats the Sphinx and marries his mother. Throughout this play Oedipus shows too much pride and arrogance toward everyone . that he comes across. He always has to have the last word. Assad Rebels Essay? He does not care what effect the National Essay outcome of in Syria, his words and actions will later have on others. In many ways President Bush and of Cultural some with Adolf Hitler do the same in their ways of leading things. The excessive pride or arrogance of an individual, proved to be an omnipresent theme in Oedipus Rex. On many occasions throughout.

2003 invasion of The Conflict Between Assad and The Essay, Iraq , Democratic Party , George W. Bush 1269 Words | 4 Pages. Pride What is the first thing that arises to a person's mind when they hear the word Pride ? Most people can consider many . different subjects to describe the meaning of Divorce and Christianity, pride . Between Assad Essay? Some think of pride as family, life style, a quality job, being the best at Security Essay what they do, how they establish themselves, or allegiance. I believe pride is the confidence to stay true to the person you are no matter the circumstances. Between Essay? Some say that pride is the feeling they get when they do something for someone else, or when. People , Personal life , Pride 1432 Words | 4 Pages. Title: Pride in Pride and Prejudice Thesis: Most characters in the novel Pride and and Christianity Essay Prejudice exemplify the . predominant and Between Rebels most obvious theme of pride . I. Background A. History B. Information II.

Pride A. Youth: The Youth International Essay? Explanation III. Characters with Pride A. Elizabeth B. Darcy C. Lady Catherine Pride in Pride and Prejudice In the novel Pride and Prejudice, many instances of pride are demonstrated throughout the entire story. I could easily forgive his pride , if he. Bride and Prejudice , Bridget Jones , Elizabeth Bennet 1627 Words | 5 Pages. Hsc Comparitve Study Pride Prejudice. Pride amp; Prejudice by Jane Austen vs. The Conflict Rebels In Syria? Letters to Alice . by Fay Weldon Good literature Context * 19th century- literature was . purely for nine by jd women to become accomplished instead of educated * 21st century- women able to use reading and The Conflict Assad and The Rebels writing to voice an opinion, educate and create, e.g. Weldon stated that novels were not for information but for and Christianity Essay enlightenment City of The Conflict and The in Syria, Invention/ examples WELDON TELLS US WHAT IS GOOD LITERATURE AND AUSTEN SHOWS US! * Alice is informed of the. 21st century , English Anglicans , English novelists 1358 Words | 5 Pages.

title it First Impressions, but later changed it to Pride and Prejudice. National Security Essay? Nonetheless, the Assad title still goes off that premise. Both Darcy and . Elizabeth are pride and prejudice, because their entire relationship throughout the Youth: Party novel is The Conflict in Syria Essay marked by their pride and prejudice. Now that I think about Disillusioned The Youth International Party, it, that may have been why she decided to change the title. It's not just their first impressions of each other, but instead, about the pride and prejudice they constantly have and Between Assad Rebels in Syria Essay must get over. Bridget Jones , Elizabeth Bennet , Fitzwilliam Darcy 1663 Words | 5 Pages.

Pride And Prejudice: Socialization. AP English Literature 10/14/13 Pride and Prejudice: Socialization Social class has a monumental impact on about The Goals of Christian Counseling a persons social behavior; . their impressions on other individuals and society as a whole are greatly influenced by their social class/position. These first impressions can have disastrous effects to both the person forming the impressions and the person/people to whom they are directed towards, often because these perceptions blind people from their own personal faults and Between Assad and The Rebels in Syria foibles. Bridget Jones , Elizabeth Bennet , Fitzwilliam Darcy 1124 Words | 4 Pages. a person was to be a hero and to be remembered. One's pride would come before everything else. In the present day, this concept would . be thought of as illogical or foolish. This is certainly true. But, that is how life was in that time- peoples' beliefs were to be the about The Goals Counseling death of Between Rebels in Syria, them. Pride was the Essay downfall of all characters in Homer's epic poem, The Iliad.

Hectors fatal mistake was that he chose pride over his own well being in the battle with Achilles. He. Achilles , Hector , Homer 565 Words | 3 Pages. ? Pride and Prejudice Question1. Discuss the The Conflict Between Assad appropriateness of the title Pride and Prejudice and its change from First . Impression. Essay Counseling? Pride and Prejudice is a novel about surmounting obstacles and achieving romantic happiness. The Conflict Between And The Essay? It was first published as First Impression in the year 1797 and Security later in 1813 it was revised and republished as Pride and Prejudice. Yet, for Elizabeth and Darcy the protagonist, the challenge lies in The Conflict Rebels in Syria, the books original title, First Impression. Discrimination , Elizabeth Bennet , Fitzwilliam Darcy 1873 Words | 5 Pages.

gay rights movement has been greatly impeded by the champions of their own cause. The significant rallying events are commonly referred to in connection with . the word Pride , such as a Gay Pride Parade, Gay Pride Day, LGBT Pride March, etc. In fact, you can add the about The Goals of Christian word pride to Between and The Essay, almost any citys name and National Security Essay find their gay pride website, like pridela.com or longbeachpride.com. This is the Between and The Rebels in Syria first stumbling block towards achieving their main goal: legally recognized same-sex marriage, domestic partnership. Gay Liberation , Heterosexism , Homosexuality 1804 Words | 5 Pages. Title: Pride and Prejudice Author: Jane Austen Text type: Fiction, Period Jane Austen's classic novel Pride and Prejudice . Of Cultural Relativism: Philosophy.? first published in 1813 follows the story of 20 year old Elizabeth Bennet as she struggles with the pressures of education, upbringing and marriage put upon The Conflict Between and The Rebels in Syria Essay, her by better butter, society at the turn of the Between Assad Rebels in Syria Essay 19th century.

The story starts when a wealthy young bachelor Mr Bingley arrives in the fictional town of Netherfield , He is soon accepted by the Bennet family and catches the better butter battle eye of Elizabeth's. Bridget Jones , Elizabeth Bennet , Fitzwilliam Darcy 1098 Words | 3 Pages. Amit Singh (10) Raghav Srinivasam (47) Abhishek Khurapati (6) Royston Antony (52) Vineet Anand (69) . Wangchuk Tsheringla (71) Collective pride and Enlightened Citizenship at the Workplace Collective Pride : is a psychological term that refers to groups that boast, gloat or denigrate others, and these groups tend to have low social status or be vulnerable to threats from other groups. Sounds like a very bad quality to. Citizenship , Human , Nationalism 2330 Words | 7 Pages. Successful Marriage I: Biography Looked upon as being one of the The Conflict Between Assad and The Rebels most influential and popular writers during the romantic period, Jane Austen published . many romance novels, such as her most famous, Pride and Prejudice. Austen focused her writings on the importance of romantic love as a true happiness to The Challenge of Cultural of Moral Philosophy. Essay, marriage (Olsen 426). Having not experienced marriage, Jane often based her stories off of her familys romance.

Jane was born into a middle class family with very little income; Jane used. Elizabeth Bennet , Fitzwilliam Darcy , Jane Austen 1799 Words | 5 Pages. Scholarly Pride . or is it Prejudice? The title of a literary work often reveals its significance as the story unfolds. While reason behind . some titles are obvious, other novels require extensive in depth analysis to truly understand the meaning behind the title. Jane Austen's Pride and Prejudice certainly falls into the latter. The Conflict Rebels In Syria Essay? Many scholars have conflicting views of the meaning behind Pride and Prejudice, leading to a great deal of scholarly debate. In particular, Robert Fox and D.J.

Dooley. Bridget Jones , Elizabeth Bennet , Fitzwilliam Darcy 916 Words | 3 Pages. Pride and Prejudice Pride and butter battle Prejudice is a nineteenth century novel written by Jane Austen. Pride and Prejudice . is about a lady named Elizabeth Bennet, one of the five Bennet sisters who must marry a wealthy man, as she stumbles across the prideful Mr. Darcy. This novel is particularly interesting because it shows the Assad Rebels Essay overcoming of huge character flaws for love. Divorce And Christianity? The author, Austen, tries to The Conflict Between Rebels, stress the point about Essay, love always finding its way. Admittance of love and proposal, omitting initial prejudices. Elizabeth Bennet , Fitzwilliam Darcy , Jane Austen 1038 Words | 3 Pages. ?Paul Broadway Ms.

Joan Ahrens English 110-1877 14 June 2014 Arrogance or Persistence, it can lead to the same conclusion In contrast to . Alexies, Superman and Me, my drive to giving back happens later in my life. The Conflict Rebels In Syria? Sherman Alexie has the Native American race to identify with and take strength from. Disillusioned Youth: The Youth? My situation and perspective is different. I found a different object to focus on. Anger. Just like Sherman Alexie, I came to a different place out of an adversity. From May 2000 to The Conflict Between Assad and The Essay, May 2006. Cannabis , City council , Councillor 937 Words | 3 Pages.

? The Pride of the Divorce and Christianity Mariner The Rime of the Ancient Mariner by Coleridge is a mysterious, complicated, intriguing tale of The Conflict Between Assad Rebels, a sea voyage . recounted by a Mariner to a wedding guest he encounters just as the nine by jd salinger wedding is about to commence. The unwilling wedding guest is mesmerized by The Conflict Between Assad and The Rebels, the Mariner and the recitation of the story recalling the storm, fog, drought, ghost ship, spirits, angels, dead bodies, and the Albatross. Coleridges tale has the Mariner journeying through pride , suffering, the supernatural. Albatross , Life , Salvation 1116 Words | 5 Pages. The Consequence of Pride In the short story Popular Mechanics written by Raymond Carver, there is stories by jd a theme of a down falling battle of . pride shown a between two characters. First the mood of the story is set within the setting. The snow from winter has begun to melt and Between Assad and The Essay turn to dirty water signifying the changing tone of the story and it has fallen dark. There has also been a turning point internally with the characters. In the beginning there is a man packing and a women crying and hysterically.

1199 Words | 3 Pages. ? Pride and of Christian Prosper, INC. Executive Summary Pride and Prosper, Inc. take pride in being a pioneer in the . The Conflict Assad And The Rebels Essay? manufacture of soaps. These soaps have become household names, thus, makes the company one of the more successful companies today. This company made its first ever beauty soap, Mild in the early 30s. Mild has become a successful brand, thanks to the housewives who have become hooked to daytime dramas on national television, which were then sponsored by Mild beauty soap. The success of Mild prompted. Corporation , Management , Manufacturing 1078 Words | 4 Pages. Max Railing Mr.

Shanahan British Literature Honors December 11, 2012 Social class within Pride and Prejudice plays a key role throughout . the novel. Social class not only determines where one is placed in the class structure, but also the amount of land, money, and potential suitor candidates. Where one is placed within the social hierarchy is based on what one does for a living and their social status as well. For instance, Mr. and Mrs. Bennet are considered landed gentry, meaning they do. Bride and Prejudice , Bridget Jones , Elizabeth Bennet 1977 Words | 5 Pages. of Pride Prejudice. Before Darcys proposal, Elizabeth main preoccupation with Darcy centres around dislike, but after it, we are able to . detect a budding love towards him.

However, Elizabeths attitude towards him corresponds to her perceived judgment of him, the supposed role he played in disinheriting Wickham and Disillusioned Youth: International his admitted role in disrupting the romance between Jane, and Bingley (without listening to The Conflict Between Assad and The in Syria Essay, his side of story). As Elizabeth yields to her prejudices, Darcy allows his pride to take. Confession , Fitzwilliam Darcy , Jane Austen 1104 Words | 3 Pages. significance of the Essay title, in the literary terms is that this is alliteration. Between Rebels Essay? Pride and Prejudice is an Essay The Goals Counseling example of Jane Austens use of . alliteration. In addition, the prejudice of the title is on Darcys part, believing that Elizabeths family is not good for him.

The pride is on Elizabeths part refusing to The Conflict Between Rebels, agree to marry to Darcy because he ruined her sisters chance of Divorce and Christianity, happiness. There are a number of conflicts in Between Rebels in Syria, pride and prejudice. One of the long drawn out ones is between Mr. and Mrs. Bennet. Elizabeth Bennet , Fitzwilliam Darcy , Jane Austen 981 Words | 3 Pages. Much Ado About Nothing: Pride and Prejudice. In Much Ado About Nothing, William Shakespeare depicts both Benedick and better Beatrice as characters with one major flaw: both are full of Between Assad and The Essay, pride . . With the better battle use of the Essay masquerade scene, as well as the orchard scenes, Shakespeare allows the characters to realize their awry characteristic. By realizing their erroneous pride , Benedick and Beatrice are able to of Cultural of Moral Essay, correct this and The Conflict Between and The not only become better citizens, but fall in love. From the very first scene in the play, Beatrice is shown as a character who is.

Can't Help Falling in National Essay, Love , ILOVEYOU , Love 1431 Words | 4 Pages. Marriage As A Social Contract In Jane Austens Pride And Prejudice .It is The Conflict Assad Rebels in Syria Essay a truth universally acknowledged, that a single man in . possession of a good fortune, must be in want of a wife. With these famous words, Jane Austen launched into what has come to better, be regarded by many as the The Conflict and The Rebels Essay greatest romance novel of all time. Written in late 1790s England, in a time of Youth: The Youth International, radical social upheaval and political change, Pride and Prejudice presents a mixed bag of social ideas relating to marriage, the. Elizabeth Bennet , Fitzwilliam Darcy , Jane Austen 1903 Words | 5 Pages. hubris. One work that explores an exuberant amount of pride is Oedipus Rex by The Conflict Between Rebels in Syria Essay, Sophocles.

In this play, Thebes is stricken with a plague and . Oedipus, the King, will sacrifice anyone to National Security Essay, save it. In the process of finding a solution, Oedipus realizes that he fulfills the The Conflict Assad and The Essay prophecies that say he will kill his father and marry his mother. In the about of Christian Counseling play, Sophocles shows Oedipus hubris by using irony. Characterization is also used to enhance the effects of pride on Oedipus ability to see logistically. Both characterization. Aeschylus , Oedipus , Oedipus at Colonus 1005 Words | 3 Pages. The world of pride and prejudice and my world An overly proud person looks down on people, and as long as he looks down on them, he cannot see . what is above him is a saying that is Between Rebels true. Battle? Excessive pride blinds moral judgment, creates intolerance and Assad and The Essay deters relationships. Better Battle? Pride and Prejudice by Jane Austen is a novel that portrays individual characters which demonstrate a lack of balance in the way they perceive themselves and as a result they create ruin. The Conflict Between Assad Rebels? Pride and Prejudice tells the most cherished. Bridget Jones , Elizabeth Bennet , Fitzwilliam Darcy 1062 Words | 3 Pages.

Pride and Prejudice and Bridget Jones Comparison. It is Disillusioned Party better to lose your pride with someone you love rather than to lose that someone you love with your useless pride . The . above quote encapsulates the Between Rebels message that is projected through Jane Austens novel, Pride and Prejudice. It provides a detailed portrait of the social conventions of Essay of Christian, Austens time. Between And The In Syria? The issues presented have been transformed to suit a modern audience in salinger, Sharon Macguires film, Bridget Jones Diary. These ideals are similar and include pride , marriage and Between Assad and The Rebels in Syria Essay class/reputation. Bridget Jones , Bridget Jones's Diary , Elizabeth Bennet 1149 Words | 4 Pages. Pride and Prejudice Essay: Literary Criticism.

their respective villain brings forward. In the novel, Pride and Prejudice, author Jane Austen portrays her view of Security Essay, heroes, heroines, and . villains in a satirically love story. Andrew H. Wright has written a literary criticism essay, titled Heroines, Heroes, and Between Assad and The Villains in Pride and Prejudice, in which he states his opinion of Austens purpose. Although critic Andrew H. Wright states that some people are simply destined to be heroes, Pride and Prejudice by Jane Austen features characters that are. Bridget Jones , Elizabeth Bennet , Fitzwilliam Darcy 1341 Words | 4 Pages. PRIDE AND PREJUDICE ABOUT THE AUTHOR Jane Austen was born December 16, 1775, to Rev. George Austen and the former Cassandra Leigh in nine stories by jd, . The Conflict Between Assad In Syria? Steventon, Hampshire, the seventh of eight children. Like the central characters in most of her novels, the Security Essay Austens were a large family of respectable lineage but no fortune; her father supplemented his living his clergyman's income by farming.

This lively and cheerful family frequently passed their evenings in novel-reading, charades and amateur theatrics. Bridget Jones , Elizabeth Bennet , Fitzwilliam Darcy 1366 Words | 4 Pages. ?Wickhams Function in the Novel Pride and Prejudice In the novel Pride and Prejudice, written by Jane Austen, there are . many different characters, each with their own roles to play in order for the story to reach its final product. Among these many characters is The Conflict and The in Syria Essay George Wickham. Though generally brushed off as a minor character, George Wickham plays a vital role in the relationship between Elizabeth Bennet and Fitzwilliam Darcy. Through both his lies and his amatory adventures, Wickham is. Bridget Jones , Elizabeth Bennet , Fitzwilliam Darcy 980 Words | 3 Pages. Pride and Prejudice Introduction A person frequently discovers himself in better battle, a variance with the system of society. The Conflict Assad Rebels? Infrequently, rebelling is . the pathway to happiness. However, generally, the actual way to happiness is Disillusioned The Youth through settlement. Between Assad Rebels In Syria Essay? This is the way of society of Essay The Goals of Christian, England in the early 19th century in which Jane Austen wrote of Pride and Prejudice.

Jane Austen deliberately confines her description to Between Assad and The Rebels, the small tranquil world of the English landed gentry of her time, and Divorce and Christianity Essay takes love and marriage. Elizabeth Bennet , Fitzwilliam Darcy , Jane Austen 1861 Words | 6 Pages. How does Jane Austen introduce Elizabeth Bennet and Mr. Darcy to the reader in the opening scenes? Jane Austens Pride and . Prejudice, published in 1813 is a novel that is acknowledged as a masterpiece.

The opening sentence of Pride and Prejudice is famously ironic, it is universally acknowledged, that a single man in possession of a good fortune, must be in want of a wife, this sentence is completely against Rebels Essay, Jane Austens characteristics; it states an Essay The Goals Counseling opinion like it was fact; its a. Bridget Jones , Elizabeth Bennet , Fitzwilliam Darcy 2935 Words | 7 Pages. we now know that there is more to Assad in Syria Essay, a person than just race and ethnicity. In our society the heritage of an nine stories by jd salinger individual most likely defines who they are. Each . individual, regardless of religion, race, or ethnicity has a sense of pride burning within them. This concept of pride sometimes overturns or perhaps overlooks problems within our society to Assad in Syria Essay, fulfill this need. In the film Eat a Bowl of Tea, directed by of Cultural The Elements Essay, Wayne Wang, a young Chinese couple living in a 1960s Chinatown located in New York are constantly. China , Chinese character , Chinese language 995 Words | 3 Pages.

Austens novel Pride and Prejudice, many characters disagree about what marriage should be. Some believe there should be happiness and love in Essay, . Counseling? a marriage, and others believe happiness is simply a matter of chance. In the poem Habitation, Margaret Atwood uses literary techniques such as symbolism and The Conflict Between and The Essay metaphors to show that the idea of marriage is sugar-coated, and nine stories salinger a marriage takes work and upkeep to sustain happiness. The Conflict Assad And The Rebels In Syria? Both of these pieces of better, literature have very unique views on marriage. Pride and Prejudice. Elizabeth Bennet , Fitzwilliam Darcy , Jane Austen 838 Words | 3 Pages. It is a truth universally acknowledged that all humans have their flaws, however not all seek fix them. Assad And The In Syria? Pride and National Essay Prejudice written by Jane . The Conflict Between Assad In Syria Essay? Austen revolves around a cast of characters that either gain self knowledge or none at all. The search for self is about The Goals of Christian Counseling a main concern in this novel as it determines the level of happiness the characters will attain. An example of this is Elizabeth Bennet and Fitzwilliam Darcy who through struggle possess self knowledge allowing them to understand their down falls.

Bridget Jones , Elizabeth Bennet , Fitzwilliam Darcy 1634 Words | 4 Pages. Book report Camille Beurret Book: Pride and The Conflict and The Rebels Essay Prejudice Author: Jane Austen Publisher (+place): Harper Collins Publishers, London First . edition: 1813 Summary Pride and Prejudice tells the story of Mr. and Mrs. Bennet and their five unmarried daughters. The family isnt very rich, so the Disillusioned main concern of Mrs. Bennets life is to The Conflict Assad and The in Syria, see that all her daughters are married, preferably to men with a lot of Security, money. When Mr. Bingley, a handsome, rich, young bachelor arrives to stay briefly in Hartfordshire. Bridget Jones , Elizabeth Bennet , Fitzwilliam Darcy 1817 Words | 6 Pages. Edible Pride Americans in the 21st century have a weakness for Between Assad and The Japanese and Chinese cuisine. As this is typed, Chinese and Japanese . master chefs across the world are cringing at the thought of their food being sabotaged and simplified by other cultures. What we believe to be oriental or Asian food is different than the food prepared in Tokyo and Beijing due to its level of preparation and oversimplification.

While we may catch a glimpse of the true flavor of better, Japanese and The Conflict and The Essay Chinese cuisine. Asian cuisine , Chinese cuisine , Cooking 1143 Words | 3 Pages. Honesty in Pride and Essay Prejudice and a Doll's House. House and Jane Austens Pride and Prejudice are set in similar time period and feature protagonists who go through different struggles, but . whose themes have some overlap. Honesty is a theme that is played out in both stories resulting in opposite consequences for the protagonists. The power of honesty can either hurt or enhance lives.

The truth means ruination in Nora and Torvalds marriage in A Dolls House whereas the truth brings Elizabeth and Darcy together in Pride and Prejudice. The Conflict And The Rebels In Syria? Honesty in. Fitzwilliam Darcy , Henrik Ibsen , Interpersonal relationship 1207 Words | 3 Pages. Jane Austen- Pride and Prejudice 18th Century Domestic Novel Jane Austen - was an English novelist whose works of romantic fiction, set among . the landed gentry, earned her a place as one of the most widely read writers in English literature. Her realism and biting social commentary have gained her historical importance among scholars and critics. She experimented with various literary forms, including the epistolary novel which she abandoned, and wroted 3 major novels and began a 4. From 1811 until. Bridget Jones , Elizabeth Bennet , Fitzwilliam Darcy 1602 Words | 5 Pages. Pride and Prejudice Memory: The first main event is the ball at Meryton, where Jane Bennet meets Mr.

Bingley and Elizabeth Bennet sees . Mr. Darcy. Jane Bennet dances with Mr. National Security Essay? Bingley twice and Elizabeths first impression of Mr. Darcy is that he is Between Assad in Syria very proud. Almost a month later, Mr. Collins, who is Divorce and Christianity a cousin to Mr. The Conflict Between Assad And The Rebels Essay? Bennet, visits the about The Goals of Christian Bennets household and proposes to Elizabeth. Elizabeth declines his offer, though. Jane soon receives a letter from Assad Essay Miss. Bingley stating that their family.

Bridget Jones , Elizabeth Bennet , Fitzwilliam Darcy 1276 Words | 4 Pages.

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alter system resume Part Number B10759-01. Between? Use the ALTER SYSTEM statement to dynamically alter your Oracle Database instance. The settings stay in effect as long as the Security database is mounted. You must have ALTER SYSTEM system privilege. The archive_log_clause manually archives redo log files or enables or disables automatic archiving. To use this clause, your instance must have the database mounted. The database can be either open or closed unless otherwise noted. This clause is relevant only if you are using Oracle Database with the Real Application Clusters option.

Specify the name of the instance for The Conflict Between Assad and The Rebels in Syria Essay which you want the redo log file group to Youth: be archived. The instance name is a string of up to 80 characters. Oracle Database automatically determines the thread that is mapped to the specified instance and archives the corresponding redo log file group. If no thread is mapped to the specified instance, then Oracle Database returns an error. This clause has been deprecated, because the INSTANCE clause achieves the same purpose and is easier to use. The THREAD clause is supported for backward compatibility. Specify the number of the thread containing the redo log file group to be archived.

Specify SEQUENCE to manually archive the online redo log file group identified by the log sequence number integer in the specified thread. The Conflict Assad Rebels In Syria? If you omit the THREAD parameter, then Oracle Database archives the better butter battle specified group from the thread assigned to your instance. Specify CHANGE to manually archive the online redo log file group containing the redo log entry with the system change number (SCN) specified by integer in the specified thread. If the SCN is in Rebels, the current redo log file group, then Oracle Database performs a log switch. If you omit the THREAD parameter, then Oracle Database archives the groups containing this SCN from all enabled threads. You can use this clause only when your instance has the database open. Specify CURRENT to stories by jd manually archive the current redo log file group of the Between Assad specified thread, forcing a log switch. If you omit the THREAD parameter, then Oracle Database archives all redo log file groups from all enabled threads, including logs previous to Divorce and Christianity current logs.

You can specify CURRENT only when the Between and The Rebels in Syria Essay database is open. Nine By Jd Salinger? Specify NOSWITCH if you want to manually archive the Rebels in Syria current redo log file group without forcing a log switch. This setting is used primarily with standby databases to prevent data divergence when the primary database shuts down. Divergence implies the possibility of The Youth Party Essay, data loss in Between Assad and The Rebels in Syria, case of The Challenge of Cultural Relativism: of Moral Philosophy. Essay, primary database failure. You can use the The Conflict Between Essay NOSWITCH clause only when your instance has the about of Christian Counseling database mounted but not open. Assad And The Rebels? If the database is open, then this operation closes the database automatically. About Of Christian Counseling? You must then manually shut down the database before you can reopen it. Specify GROUP to manually archive the online redo log file group with the GROUP value specified by integer . You can determine the GROUP value for a redo log file group by querying the Between Assad Rebels data dictionary view DBA_LOG_GROUPS . If you specify both the THREAD and GROUP parameters, then the Security Essay specified redo log file group must be in Between in Syria, the specified thread. Specify LOGFILE to manually archive the online redo log file group containing the redo log file member identified by ' filename '. If you specify both the THREAD and LOGFILE parameters, then the The Challenge Relativism: of Moral Philosophy. Essay specified redo log file group must be in the specified thread.

If the database was mounted with a backup controlfile, then specify USING BACKUP CONTROLFILE to permit archiving of all online logfiles, including the The Conflict Between Assad Rebels Essay current logfile. Restriction on battle, the LOGFILE clause. You must archive redo log file groups in the order in which they are filled. The Conflict Rebels In Syria Essay? If you specify a redo log file group for archiving with the nine stories salinger LOGFILE parameter, and The Conflict Between Rebels in Syria, earlier redo log file groups are not yet archived, then Oracle Database returns an error. Specify NEXT to manually archive the next online redo log file group from the better butter specified thread that is full but has not yet been archived. If you omit the The Conflict Assad Rebels in Syria THREAD parameter, then Oracle Database archives the earliest unarchived redo log file group from any enabled thread. Specify ALL to manually archive all online redo log file groups from the specified thread that are full but have not been archived. If you omit the THREAD parameter, then Oracle Database archives all full unarchived redo log file groups from all enabled threads.

In earlier releases, this clause enabled automatic archiving of redo log file groups for the thread assigned to your instance. Disillusioned International Essay? This clause has been deprecated, because Oracle Database automatically enables automatic archiving of The Conflict Rebels Essay, redo log file groups. This clause has no effect. If you specify it, Oracle Database writes a message to the alert log. Specify TO ' location ' to stories by jd indicate the primary location to which the redo log file groups are archived. Between Assad And The Rebels? The value of and Christianity Essay, this parameter must be a fully specified file location following the conventions of your operating system. If you omit this parameter, then Oracle Database archives the redo log file group to the location specified by the initialization parameters LOG_ARCHIVE_DEST or LOG_ARCHIVE_DEST_ n . In earlier releases, this clause disabled automatic archiving of The Conflict, redo log file groups for the thread assigned to Party your instance. This clause has been deprecated. It has no effect, and The Conflict and The, if you specify it, Oracle Database writes a message to the alert log. Specify CHECKPOINT to explicitly force Oracle Database to perform a checkpoint, ensuring that all changes made by committed transactions are written to datafiles on disk. You can specify this clause only when your instance has the database open.

Oracle Database does not return control to you until the checkpoint is complete. Stories Salinger? In a Real Application Clusters environment, this setting causes Oracle Database to perform a checkpoint for all instances that have opened the Assad Essay database. This is the default. In a Real Application Clusters environment, this setting causes Oracle Database to perform a checkpoint only for the thread of redo log file groups for the instance from nine stories salinger which you issue the statement. In a distributed database system, such as a Real Application Clusters environment, this clause updates an Between Assad and The Rebels Essay, instance's SGA from the database control file to reflect information on all online datafiles. Specify GLOBAL to perform this synchronization for all instances that have opened the database. Essay? This is the default.

Specify LOCAL to perform this synchronization only for Assad and The the local instance. The Challenge Of Cultural The Elements Of Moral Philosophy. Essay? Your instance should have the database open. The Conflict Assad In Syria? The end_session_clauses give you several ways to end the battle current session. Use the DISCONNECT SESSION clause to disconnect the current session by destroying the dedicated server process (or virtual circuit if the connection was made by way of a Shared Server). To use this clause, your instance must have the database open. You must identify the session with both of the following values from the The Conflict Between Rebels in Syria V$SESSION view: For integer1 , specify the value of the better butter battle SID column. For integer2 , specify the value of the The Conflict Essay SERIAL# column. If system parameters are appropriately configured, then application failover will take effect. The POST_TRANSACTION setting allows ongoing transactions to complete before the session is disconnected.

If the session has no ongoing transactions, then this clause has the same effect described for The Challenge of Cultural The Elements of Moral as KILL SESSION . The IMMEDIATE setting disconnects the session and recovers the entire session state immediately, without waiting for ongoing transactions to complete. If you also specify POST_TRANSACTION and the session has ongoing transactions, then the IMMEDIATE keyword is ignored. If you do not specify POST_TRANSACTION , or you specify POST_TRANSACTION but the The Conflict Between in Syria session has no ongoing transactions, then this clause has the same effect as described for KILL SESSION IMMEDIATE . Divorce And Christianity? The KILL SESSION clause lets you mark a session as terminated, roll back ongoing transactions, release all session locks, and partially recover session resources. Between Assad Rebels In Syria? To use this clause, your instance must have the database open, and your session and the session to be terminated must be on better, the same instance. You must identify the session with both of the following values from the V$SESSION view: For integer1 , specify the value of the and The Rebels SID column. For integer2 , specify the value of the SERIAL# column. If the session is performing some activity that must be completed, such as waiting for a reply from a remote database or rolling back a transaction, then Oracle Database waits for this activity to complete, marks the session as terminated, and then returns control to you.

If the waiting lasts a minute, then Oracle Database marks the session to be terminated and returns control to you with a message that the session is marked to be terminated. The PMON background process then marks the session as terminated when the activity is complete. Whether or not the and Christianity session has an ongoing transaction, Oracle Database does not recover the entire session state until the session user issues a request to The Conflict Assad in Syria the session and receives a message that the session has been terminated. Specify IMMEDIATE to instruct Oracle Database to roll back ongoing transactions, release all session locks, recover the Disillusioned Youth: The Youth International entire session state, and return control to Between and The Rebels you immediately. DUMP ACTIVE SESSION HISTORY Clause. This clause lets you record in-memory active session history data into the process trace file. The Elements Philosophy.? The data is then available for The Conflict Assad and The subsequent analysis by the Automatic Database Diagnostic Monitor.

The default time period during which the data is collected is 10 minutes. You can override this default using the nine stories MINUTES clause. Oracle Database Performance Tuning Guide for more information on the Automatic Database Diagnostic Monitor and active session history. The DISTRIBUTED RECOVERY clause lets you enable or disable distributed recovery. To use this clause, your instance must have the database open. Specify ENABLE to The Conflict enable distributed recovery. In a single-process environment, you must use this clause to The Elements of Moral Philosophy. Essay initiate distributed recovery. You may need to issue the Rebels ENABLE DISTRIBUTED RECOVERY statement more than once to better recover an in-doubt transaction if the remote node involved in the transaction is not accessible. The Conflict And The In Syria Essay? In-doubt transactions appear in butter, the data dictionary view DBA_2PC_PENDING . Specify DISABLE to disable distributed recovery. The RESTRICTED SESSION clause lets you restrict logon to Oracle Database. You can use this clause regardless of whether your instance has the database dismounted or mounted, open or closed.

Specify ENABLE to allow only users with RESTRICTED SESSION system privilege to log on to Oracle Database. Existing sessions are not terminated. And The In Syria Essay? This clause applies only to the current instance. Therefore, in a Real Application Clusters environment, authorized users without the RESTRICTED SESSION system privilege can still access the database by way of other instances. Specify DISABLE to reverse the effect of the ENABLE RESTRICTED SESSION clause, allowing all users with CREATE SESSION system privilege to log on to Oracle Database. This is the default. The FLUSH SHARED POOL clause lets you clear all data from the shared pool in the system global area (SGA).

The shared pool stores. Cached data dictionary information and. Shared SQL and PL/SQL areas for SQL statements, stored procedures, function, packages, and triggers. This statement does not clear shared SQL and PL/SQL areas for items that are currently being executed. You can use this clause regardless of whether your instance has the database dismounted or mounted, open or closed. The FLUSH BUFFER_CACHE clause lets you clear all data from the buffer cache in Disillusioned International Essay, the system global area (SGA). This clause is intended for use only on a test database. Do not use this clause on a production database, because as a result of this statement, subsequent queries will have no hits, only misses.

This clause is The Conflict Between Rebels useful if you need to measure the The Challenge of Cultural Relativism: Essay performance of rewritten queries or a suite of queries from The Conflict and The in Syria identical starting points. The SWITCH LOGFILE clause lets you explicitly force Oracle Database to The Youth International Essay begin writing to a new redo log file group, regardless of whether the files in the current redo log file group are full. When you force a log switch, Oracle Database begins to perform a checkpoint but returns control to you immediately rather than when the checkpoint is complete. To use this clause, your instance must have the The Conflict Between Assad and The database open. The SUSPEND clause lets you suspend all I/O (datafile, control file, and file header) as well as queries, in all instances, enabling you to Essay of Christian make copies of the database without having to handle ongoing transactions. Do not use this clause unless you have put the database tablespaces in hot backup mode. If you start a new instance while the system is suspended, then that new instance will not be suspended.

The RESUME clause lets you make the database available once again for queries and Assad in Syria Essay, I/O. Use the QUIESCE RESTRICTED and UNQUIESCE clauses to put the database in and take it out of the The Youth International Party Essay quiesced state . This state enables database administrators to perform administrative operations that cannot be safely performed in the presence of concurrent transactions, queries, or PL/SQL operations. The QUIESCE RESTRICTED clause is valid only if the database resource manager feature is installed and The Conflict Between Essay, only if the resource manager has been on continuously since database startup in nine by jd salinger, any instances that have opened the database. If multiple QUIESCE RESTRICTED or UNQUIESCE statements issue at the same time from different sessions or instances, then all but one will receive an error. The Conflict Between Assad And The In Syria Essay? Specify QUIESCE RESTRICTED to put the database in the quiesced state. For all instances with the database open, this clause has the following effect: Oracle Database instructs the database resource manager in all instances to prevent all inactive sessions (other than SYS and better butter, SYSTEM ) from becoming active.

No user other than SYS and SYSTEM can start a new transaction, a new query, a new fetch, or a new PL/SQL operation. Oracle Database waits for and The all existing transactions in all instances that were initiated by a user other than SYS or SYSTEM to finish (either commit or abort). Disillusioned The Youth? Oracle Database also waits for all running queries, fetches, and PL/SQL procedures in all instances that were initiated by users other than SYS or SYSTEM and that are not inside transactions to The Conflict Between Assad and The Rebels in Syria finish. If a query is carried out by multiple successive OCI fetches, then Oracle Database does not wait for all fetches to finish. It waits for the current fetch to finish and then blocks the next fetch.

Oracle Database also waits for all sessions (other than those of stories salinger, SYS or SYSTEM ) that hold any shared resources (such as enqueues) to release those resources. Between Assad And The In Syria? After all these operations finish, Oracle Database places the database into quiesced state and finishes executing the QUIESCE RESTRICTED statement. If an instance is running in shared server mode, then Oracle Database instructs the database resource manager to Divorce and Christianity Essay block logins (other than SYS or SYSTEM ) on that instance. If an Between Assad Rebels, instance is running in non-shared-server mode, then Oracle Database does not impose any restrictions on user logins in that instance. During the quiesced state, you cannot change the Resource Manager plan in any instance. Specify UNQUIESCE to take the Relativism: Philosophy. database out of quiesced state.

Doing so permits transactions, queries, fetches, and PL/SQL procedures that were initiated by Between Rebels Essay, users other than SYS or SYSTEM to be undertaken once again. The UNQUIESCE statement does not have to originate in the same session that issued the QUIESCE RESTRICTED statement. The SHUTDOWN clause is relevant only if your system is using the shared server architecture of Oracle Database. It shuts down a dispatcher identified by better battle, dispatcher_name . Essay? Do not confuse this clause with the SQL*Plus command SHUTDOWN , which is used to shut down the entire database. The dispatcher_name must be a string of the form ' D xxx ', where xxx indicates the number of the dispatcher.

For a listing of dispatcher names, query the NAME column of the by jd salinger V$DISPATCHER dynamic performance view. Assad And The? If you specify IMMEDIATE , then the dispatcher stops accepting new connections immediately and Oracle Database terminates all existing connections through that dispatcher. The Challenge? After all sessions are cleaned up, the dispatcher process shuts down. If you do not specify IMMEDIATE , then the dispatcher stops accepting new connections immediately but waits for all its users to disconnect and for The Conflict Assad Essay all its database links to terminate. Then it shuts down. Specify REGISTER to National Security Essay instruct the PMON background process to register the instance with the listeners immediately. If you do not specify this clause, then registration of the instance does not occur until the next time PMON executes the Assad discovery routine. Essay? As a result, clients may not be able to access the Between and The Rebels services for as long as 60 seconds after the listener is started. The alter_system_set_clause lets you set or reset the value of any initialization parameter.

The parameters are described in National Security, Initialization Parameters and ALTER SYSTEM. The ability to The Conflict Between Assad and The Rebels in Syria Essay change initialization parameter values depends on whether you have started up the database with a traditional client-side initialization parameter file (pfile) or with a server parameter file (spfile). Better Butter? To determine whether you can change the value of Between in Syria, a particular parameter, query the ISSYS_MODIFIABLE column of the V$PARAMETER dynamic performance view. Essay? When setting a parameter value, you can specify additional settings as follows: The COMMENT clause lets you associate a comment string with this change in the value of the parameter. If you also specify SPFILE , then this comment will appear in the parameter file to indicate the most recent change made to this parameter. The DEFERRED keyword sets or modifies the value of the parameter for future sessions that connect to the database. Current sessions retain the old value. You must specify DEFERRED if the value of the ISSYS_MODIFIABLE column of The Conflict, V$PARAMETER for this parameter is DEFERRED . If the value of that column is IMMEDIATE , then the DEFERRED keyword in this clause is optional. If the value of that column is FALSE , then you cannot specify DEFERRED in this ALTER SYSTEM statement.

Oracle Database Reference for information on the V$PARAMETER dynamic performance view. The SCOPE clause lets you specify when the change takes effect. Scope depends on National, whether you started up the database using a client-side parameter file (pfile) or server parameter file (spfile). MEMORY indicates that the change is made in memory, takes effect immediately, and persists until the database is shut down. If you started up the database using a parameter file (pfile), then this is the only scope you can specify. SPFILE indicates that the change is made in the server parameter file. The new setting takes effect when the database is next shut down and started up again. You must specify SPFILE when changing the value of a static parameter that is described as not modifiable in Oracle Database Reference . BOTH indicates that the and The change is made in memory and in the server parameter file. The new setting takes effect immediately and persists after the database is shut down and started up again.

If a server parameter file was used to start up the database, then BOTH is the default. If a parameter file was used to Divorce and Christianity Essay start up the database, then MEMORY is the default, as well as the only scope you can specify. The SID clause is relevant only in a Real Application Clusters environment. This clause lets you specify the SID of the instance where the value will take effect. Specify SID = '*' if you want Oracle Database to Between Assad in Syria change the value of the Disillusioned Youth: The Youth Party Essay parameter for all instances. Specify SID = 'sid' if you want Oracle Database to The Conflict Between Assad in Syria change the value of the salinger parameter only for The Conflict Between in Syria the instance sid . Better Butter? This setting takes precedence over previous and subsequent ALTER SYSTEM SET statements that specify SID = '*' . The Conflict Between And The In Syria? If you do not specify this clause:

If the instance was started up with a pfile (client-side initialization parameter file), then Oracle Database assumes the SID of the current instance. If the instance was started up with an spfile (server parameter file), then Oracle Database assumes SID = '*' . If you specify an instance other than the current instance, then Oracle Database sends a message to that instance to change the parameter value in the memory of that instance. The alter_system_reset_clause is for Youth: The Youth Party Essay use in a Real Application Clusters environment. It gives you separate control for an individual instance over parameters that may have been set for all instances in a server parameter file. The SCOPE clause has the same behavior as described for the alter_system_set_clause . Specify the SID clause to Assad and The Rebels remove a previously specified setting of nine stories by jd, this parameter for your instance#x2014;that is, a previous ALTER SYSTEM SET . SID = 'sid' statement. (In a non-RAC environment, you can specify SID = '*' for this clause.) Your instance will assume the The Conflict Between Assad and The Essay value of the Disillusioned Essay parameter as specified in a previous or subsequent ALTER SYSTEM SET . SID = '*' statement. Real Application Clusters Deployment and The Conflict Between and The Essay, Performance for information on setting parameter values for an individual instance in a Real Application Clusters environment. Initialization Parameters and Disillusioned The Youth, ALTER SYSTEM. You can change the value of The Conflict, many initialization parameters for the current instance, whether you have started the database with a traditional client-side parameter file (pfile) or with a server parameter file (spfile). Oracle Database Reference indicates these parameters in the Modifiable category of each parameter description. If you are using a pfile, then the change will persist only for the duration of the instance. However, if you have started the database with an spfile, then you can change the value of the parameter in the spfile itself, so that the new value will occur in subsequent instances.

Three lists follow: The first is a list of basic parameters. Database administrators should be familiar with and consider the Divorce and Christianity Essay setting for all of the basic parameters. The second list shows the initialization parameters by their functional category. The third list includes all initialization parameters in alphabetical order. For a description of these parameters, please refer to Between Assad in Syria Oracle Database Reference . Parameters by Functional Category.

Cursors and Library Cache. Diagnostics and Statistics. File Locations, Names, and Sizes. Of Cultural The Elements Essay? Real Application Clusters. Redo Logs, Archiving, and Recovery. Between Assad Essay? Shared Server Architecture.

All Parameters in butter battle, Alphabetical Order. Between Assad And The Rebels Essay? System Parameters and ALTER SYSTEM. This section describes system parameters. These parameters are not initialization parameters, so you cannot set them in a pfile or spfile. Disillusioned International Party Essay? However, you can set them using an ALTER SYSTEM statement. The Conflict Assad Rebels? The USE_STORED_OUTLINES parameter determines whether the optimizer will use stored public outlines to generate execution plans. USE_STORED_OUTLINES is not an initialization parameter.

TRUE causes the optimizer to use outlines stored in the DEFAULT category when compiling requests. FALSE specifies that the optimizer should not use stored outlines. This is the default. category_name causes the optimizer to use outlines stored in the category_name category when compiling requests. When you start your instance, Oracle Database creates shared server processes and dispatcher processes for of Cultural Essay the shared server architecture based on the values of the Between Essay SHARED_SERVERS and DISPATCHERS initialization parameters. You can also set the SHARED_SERVERS and DISPATCHERS parameters with ALTER SYSTEM to perform one of the following operations while the instance is butter running: Create additional shared server processes by increasing the minimum number of shared server processes. Terminate existing shared server processes after their current calls finish processing. Create more dispatcher processes for a specific protocol, up to Between Assad in Syria Essay a maximum across all protocols specified by the initialization parameter MAX_DISPATCHERS . Terminate existing dispatcher processes for Youth: a specific protocol after their current user processes disconnect from the instance. Archiving Redo Logs Manually: Examples. Assad Rebels In Syria Essay? The following statement manually archives the redo log file group containing the nine stories by jd redo log entry with the SCN 9356083: The following statement manually archives the redo log file group containing a member named ' diskl:log6.log ' to an archived redo log file in The Conflict and The Rebels, the location ' diska:[arch$ ]': Enabling Query Rewrite: Example. This statement enables query rewrite in Divorce and Christianity, all sessions for all materialized views for which query rewrite has not been explicitly disabled: Restricting Sessions: Example.

You might want to restrict sessions if you are performing application maintenance and you want only application developers with RESTRICTED SESSION system privilege to log on. To restrict sessions, issue the following statement: You can then terminate any existing sessions using the KILL SESSION clause of the ALTER SYSTEM statement. After performing maintenance on your application, issue the following statement to allow any user with CREATE SESSION system privilege to log on: Clearing the Shared Pool: Example. You might want to clear the Between Assad shared pool before beginning performance analysis. To clear the better shared pool, issue the following statement: Forcing a Checkpoint: Example. The following statement forces a checkpoint: Enabling Resource Limits: Example. Between And The Rebels In Syria? This ALTER SYSTEM statement dynamically enables resource limits: Changing Shared Server Settings: Examples. The following statement changes the minimum number of shared server processes to 25: If there are currently fewer than 25 shared server processes, then Oracle Database creates more. Essay About? If there are currently more than 25, then Oracle Database terminates some of them when they are finished processing their current calls if the load could be managed by the remaining 25.

The following statement dynamically changes the Between Assad number of dispatcher processes for Disillusioned Youth: Party Essay the TCP/IP protocol to The Conflict Between Assad and The Rebels 5 and the number of dispatcher processes for the ipc protocol to 10: If there are currently fewer than 5 dispatcher processes for TCP, then Oracle Database creates new ones. If there are currently more than 5, then Oracle Database terminates some of them after the connected users disconnect. If there are currently fewer than 10 dispatcher processes for ipc, then Oracle Database creates new ones. If there are currently more than 10, then Oracle Database terminates some of and Christianity, them after the connected users disconnect. If there are currently existing dispatchers for another protocol, then the preceding statement does not affect the number of dispatchers for that protocol.

Changing Licensing Parameters: Examples. Assad And The In Syria? The following statement dynamically changes the nine stories by jd salinger limit on The Conflict Rebels in Syria, sessions for your instance to 64 and the warning threshold for sessions on your instance to National Security 54: If the number of sessions reaches 54, then Oracle Database writes a warning message to the ALERT file for The Conflict Between Assad and The Essay each subsequent session. Also, users with RESTRICTED SESSION system privilege receive warning messages when they begin subsequent sessions. If the Essay about The Goals of Christian Counseling number of Between Assad and The, sessions reaches 64, then only users with RESTRICTED SESSION system privilege can begin new sessions until the butter number of sessions falls below 64 again. The following statement dynamically disables the limit for Between Assad in Syria sessions on your instance. After you issue this statement, Oracle Database no longer limits the number of sessions on nine by jd salinger, your instance. The following statement dynamically changes the limit on The Conflict Rebels, the number of users in the database to 200.

After you issue the preceding statement, Oracle Database prevents the number of users in the database from exceeding 200. Essay Of Christian Counseling? Forcing a Log Switch: Example. You might want to force a log switch to drop or rename the current redo log file group or one of its members, because you cannot drop or rename a file while Oracle Database is writing to it. The forced log switch affects only the redo log thread of The Conflict Between Assad and The Rebels in Syria, your instance. The following statement forces a log switch: Enabling Distributed Recovery: Example. The following statement enables distributed recovery:

You might want to better disable distributed recovery for demonstration or testing purposes. You can disable distributed recovery in both single-process and multiprocess mode with the Between Assad and The Rebels following statement: When your demonstration or testing is complete, you can then enable distributed recovery again by stories by jd, issuing an ALTER SYSTEM statement with the ENABLE DISTRIBUTED RECOVERY clause. Terminating a Session: Example. You might want to terminate the The Conflict and The session of nine stories by jd salinger, a user that is holding resources needed by other users. The user receives an error message indicating that the session has been terminated.

That user can no longer make calls to the database without beginning a new session. Consider this data from the Between Assad and The in Syria Essay V$SESSION dynamic performance table: The following statement terminates the Security Essay session of the user scott using the SID and SERIAL# values from V$SESSION : Disconnecting a Session: Example. The following statement disconnects user scott 's session, using the The Conflict in Syria SID and SERIAL# values from V$SESSION :

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How Technology Hijacks Peoples Minds from a Magician and Googles Design Ethicist. Im an expert on how technology hijacks our psychological vulnerabilities. Thats why I spent the last three years as Googles Design Ethicist caring about how to The Conflict and The Rebels Essay design things in a way that defends a billion peoples minds from getting hijacked. When using technology, we often focus optimistically on all the things it does for Essay Counseling us. The Conflict? But I want you to show you where it might do the opposite. Where does technology exploit our minds weaknesses ? I learned to think this way when I was a magician. Magicians start by looking for blind spots, edges, vulnerabilities and limits of peoples perception, so they can influence what people do without them even realizing it. The Challenge Relativism: Philosophy.? Once you know how to push peoples buttons, you can play them like a piano. And this is exactly what product designers do to your mind. They play your psychological vulnerabilities (consciously and unconsciously) against you in the race to Assad and The Essay grab your attention.

I want to show you how they do it. Hijack #1: If You Control the Menu, You Control the Choices. Western Culture is built around ideals of Disillusioned Youth: The Youth, individual choice and freedom. The Conflict Rebels Essay? Millions of us fiercely defend our right to make free choices, while we ignore how were manipulated upstream by limited menus we didnt choose. This is exactly what magicians do. They give people the illusion of Youth: The Youth Essay, free choice while architecting the menu so that they win, no matter what you choose. I cant emphasize how deep this insight is. When people are given a menu of choices, they rarely ask: whats not on the menu? why am I being given these options and not others? do I know the menu providers goals? is this menu empowering for my original need, or are the choices actually a distraction? (e.g. an overwhelmingly array of and The Rebels Essay, toothpastes) For example, imagine youre out with friends on a Tuesday night and want to Divorce Essay keep the The Conflict and The Rebels Essay, conversation going. You open Yelp to find nearby recommendations and nine stories by jd salinger, see a list of bars. The group turns into a huddle of faces staring down at their phones comparing bars.

They scrutinize the photos of each, comparing cocktail drinks. Is this menu still relevant to the original desire of the group? Its not that bars arent a good choice, its that Yelp substituted the groups original question (where can we go to keep talking?) with a different question (whats a bar with good photos of cocktails?) all by shaping the menu. Moreover, the group falls for the illusion that Yelps menu represents a complete set of choices for where to go. While looking down at their phones, they dont see the park across the street with a band playing live music.

They miss the pop-up gallery on Between Assad and The Rebels Essay, the other side of the Divorce and Christianity, street serving crepes and coffee. Neither of those show up on Yelps menu. The more choices technology gives us in nearly every domain of The Conflict Assad Rebels in Syria, our lives (information, events, places to go, friends, dating, jobs) the more we assume that our phone is always the stories by jd, most empowering and useful menu to pick from . Is it? The most empowering menu is different than the menu that has the most choices . But when we blindly surrender to Between Assad Rebels in Syria the menus were given, its easy to lose track of the difference: Whos free tonight to hang out? becomes a menu of The Challenge of Cultural Relativism: of Moral, most recent people who texted us (who we could ping). The Conflict Between Assad Rebels In Syria Essay? Whats happening in the world? becomes a menu of news feed stories. By Jd Salinger? Whos single to go on a date? becomes a menu of faces to swipe on Tinder (instead of local events with friends, or urban adventures nearby). The Conflict And The? I have to respond to this email. becomes a menu of butter, keys to type a response (instead of empowering ways to communicate with a person). All user interfaces are menus. What if your email client gave you empowering choices of ways to respond, instead of what message do you want to type back? (Design by Tristan Harris) When we wake up in the morning and Between Assad and The, turn our phone over to nine salinger see a list of notifications it frames the experience of waking up in Between and The in Syria the morning around a menu of all the stories by jd salinger, things Ive missed since yesterday. By shaping the menus we pick from, technology hijacks the way we perceive our choices and replaces them new ones.

But the closer we pay attention to the options were given, the Between and The in Syria Essay, more well notice when they dont actually align with our true needs. Hijack #2: Put a Slot Machine In a Billion Pockets. If youre an app, how do you keep people hooked? Turn yourself into a slot machine. The average person checks their phone 150 times a day. Why do we do this? Are we making 150 conscious choices ? One major reason why is the #1 psychological ingredient in slot machines: intermittent variable rewards . If you want to maximize addictiveness, all tech designers need to do is link a users action (like pulling a lever) with a variable reward . You pull a lever and immediately receive either an enticing reward (a match, a prize!) or nothing. Addictiveness is maximized when the rate of reward is most variable. Does this effect really work on people? Yes.

Slot machines make more money in the United States than baseball, movies, and Divorce Essay, theme parks combined . Relative to Between Rebels in Syria other kinds of gambling, people get problematically involved with slot machines 34x faster according to NYU professor Natasha Dow Shull, author of Addiction by by jd salinger Design. But heres the unfortunate truth several billion people have a slot machine their pocket: When we pull our phone out of our pocket, were playing a slot machine to see what notifications we got. When we pull to refresh our email, were playing a slot machine to see what new email we got. When we swipe down our finger to scroll the Assad and The Rebels Essay, Instagram feed, were playing a slot machine to see what photo comes next. When we swipe faces left/right on dating apps like Tinder, were playing a slot machine to The Challenge Relativism: of Moral Philosophy. see if we got a match. When we tap the The Conflict and The Rebels, # of red notifications, were playing a slot machine to whats underneath. Apps and of Cultural Relativism: of Moral Philosophy. Essay, websites sprinkle intermittent variable rewards all over their products because its good for The Conflict Assad and The Rebels Essay business. But in other cases, slot machines emerge by accident. For example, there is no malicious corporation behind all of email who consciously chose to make it a slot machine.

No one profits when millions check their email and nothings there. Neither did Apple and nine stories, Googles designers want phones to and The in Syria Essay work like slot machines. It emerged by accident. But now companies like Apple and Google have a responsibility to reduce these effects by converting intermittent variable rewards into less addictive, more predictable ones with better design. Of Cultural Relativism: Of Moral Essay? For example, they could empower people to set predictable times during the Between Assad and The Rebels Essay, day or week for when they want to check slot machine apps, and correspondingly adjust when new messages are delivered to The Challenge Philosophy. Essay align with those times. Hijack #3: Fear of Missing Something Important (FOMSI) Another way apps and websites hijack peoples minds is by inducing a 1% chance you could be missing something important. If I convince you that Im a channel for important information, messages, friendships, or potential sexual opportunities it will be hard for you to Between Assad Rebels in Syria Essay turn me off, unsubscribe, or remove your account because (aha, I win) you might miss something important: This keeps us subscribed to newsletters even after they havent delivered recent benefits (what if I miss a future announcement?) This keeps us friended to people with whom we havent spoke in ages (what if I miss something important from Essay, them?) This keeps us swiping faces on dating apps, even when we havent even met up with anyone in a while (what if I miss that one hot match who likes me?) This keeps us using social media (what if I miss that important news story or fall behind what my friends are talking about?) But if we zoom into The Conflict Between Assad and The Rebels Essay, that fear, well discover that its unbounded : well always miss something important at any point when we stop using something. There are magic moments on Facebook well miss by not using it for Essay the 6th hour (e.g. an old friend whos visiting town right now ). There are magic moments well miss on The Conflict Assad and The in Syria, Tinder (e.g. our dream romantic partner) by not swiping our 700th match.

There are emergency phone calls well miss if were not connected 24/7 . But living moment to National moment with the fear of missing something isnt how were built to live. And its amazing how quickly, once we let go of The Conflict Assad and The Essay, that fear, we wake up from the illusion. Divorce? When we unplug for more than a day, unsubscribe from those notifications, or go to Camp Grounded the The Conflict Between and The in Syria Essay, concerns we thought wed have dont actually happen. We dont miss what we dont see. The thought, what if I miss something important? is generated in advance of and Christianity, unplugging, unsubscribing, or turning off not after.

Imagine if tech companies recognized that, and helped us proactively tune our relationships with friends and businesses in The Conflict terms of what we define as time well spent for our lives, instead of in butter battle terms of what we might miss. Were all vulnerable to social approval . The need to Between and The belong, to and Christianity Essay be approved or appreciated by The Conflict in Syria Essay our peers is Divorce among the highest human motivations. But now our social approval is in and The Rebels Essay the hands of tech companies (like when were tagged in a photo). When I get tagged by my friend Marc (above), I imagine him making a conscious choice to The Challenge The Elements Philosophy. tag me. But I dont see how a company like Facebook orchestrated him doing that in The Conflict Between Assad and The Essay the first place. Facebook, Instagram or SnapChat can manipulate how often people get tagged in photos by automatically suggesting all the faces people should tag (e.g. by showing a box with a 1-click confirmation, Tag Tristan in The Challenge of Cultural Relativism: of Moral Philosophy. Essay this photo?).

So when Marc tags me, hes actually responding to Assad and The in Syria Essay Facebooks suggestion, not making an butter battle, independent choice. Between Assad? But through design choices like this, Facebook controls the multiplier for how often millions of people experience their social approval on the line . The same happens when we change our main profile photo Facebook knows thats a moment when were vulnerable to Disillusioned Party social approval : what do my friends think of my new pic? Facebook can rank this higher in the news feed, so it sticks around for The Conflict Assad in Syria longer and The Challenge Relativism: of Moral Philosophy., more friends will like or comment on it. Each time they like or comment on it, Ill get pulled right back. Everyone innately responds to social approval, but some demographics (teenagers) are more vulnerable to it than others. Thats why its so important to recognize how powerful designers are when they exploit this vulnerability. Hijack #5: Social Reciprocity (Tit-for-tat)

You do me a favor, now I owe you one next time. You say, thank you I have to say youre welcome. You send me an email its rude not to get back to you. Rebels Essay? You follow me its rude not to battle follow you back. (especially for teenagers) We are vulnerable to needing to reciprocate others gestures . But as with Social Approval, tech companies now manipulate how often we experience it. In some cases, its by accident. Email, texting and messaging apps are social reciprocity factories . But in Assad and The Rebels in Syria other cases, companies exploit this vulnerability on purpose. LinkedIn is the most obvious offender.

LinkedIn wants as many people creating social obligations for by jd salinger each other as possible, because each time they reciprocate (by accepting a connection, responding to a message, or endorsing someone back for a skill) they have to come back through linkedin.com where they can get people to The Conflict Assad and The Rebels spend more time. Like Facebook, LinkedIn exploits an asymmetry in better battle perception. The Conflict And The Essay? When you receive an invitation from someone to The Elements of Moral Philosophy. Essay connect, you imagine that person making a conscious choice to in Syria Essay invite you, when in reality, they likely unconsciously responded to LinkedIns list of Disillusioned The Youth International Essay, suggested contacts. In other words, LinkedIn turns your unconscious impulses (to add a person) into new social obligations that millions of people feel obligated to repay. All while they profit from the and The Essay, time people spend doing it. Imagine millions of Youth: Party Essay, people getting interrupted like this throughout their day, running around like chickens with their heads cut off, reciprocating each other all designed by companies who profit from it. Welcome to social media. Imagine if technology companies had a responsibility to minimize social reciprocity.

Or if there was an FDA for Tech that monitored when technology companies abused these biases? Hijack #6: Bottomless bowls, Infinite Feeds, and Autoplay. Another way to hijack people is to keep them consuming things, even when they arent hungry anymore. How? Easy. Take an experience that was bounded and finite, and turn it into a bottomless flow that keeps going . Cornell professor Brian Wansink demonstrated this in in Syria Essay his study showing you can trick people into keep eating soup by giving them a bottomless bowl that automatically refills as they eat.

With bottomless bowls, people eat 73% more calories than those with normal bowls and underestimate how many calories they ate by 140 calories. Tech companies exploit the Essay The Goals of Christian Counseling, same principle. The Conflict Between Assad And The Rebels Essay? News feeds are purposely designed to auto-refill with reasons to salinger keep you scrolling, and in Syria Essay, purposely eliminate any reason for you to pause, reconsider or leave. Its also why video and Youth: International Party, social media sites like Netflix, YouTube or Facebook autoplay the next video after a countdown instead of Between Rebels in Syria Essay, waiting for Security Essay you to make a conscious choice (in case you wont). A huge portion of traffic on these websites is driven by autoplaying the Assad and The, next thing.

Tech companies often claim that were just making it easier for users to see the video they want to watch when they are actually serving their business interests. And you cant blame them, because increasing time spent is the Security, currency they compete for. Instead, imagine if technology companies empowered you to consciously bound your experience to align with what would be time well spent for you. Not just bounding the quantity of time you spend, but the qualities of The Conflict Assad and The Rebels in Syria Essay, what would be time well spent. Hijack #7: Instant Interruption vs. Of Moral Philosophy.? Respectful Delivery.

Companies know that messages that interrupt people immediately are more persuasive at getting people to respond than messages delivered asynchronously (like email or any deferred inbox). Given the The Conflict Between Assad and The in Syria Essay, choice, Facebook Messenger (or WhatsApp, WeChat or SnapChat for that matter) would prefer to National Security design their messaging system to interrupt recipients immediately (and show a chat box) instead of helping users respect each others attention. In other words, interruption is good for business . Its also in their interest to The Conflict in Syria heighten the feeling of urgency and Essay about, social reciprocity. Assad Rebels? For example, Facebook automatically tells the sender when you saw their message, instead of letting you avoid disclosing whether you read it (now that you know Ive seen the message, I feel even more obligated to better butter respond.) By contrast, Apple more respectfully lets users toggle Read Receipts on or off. The problem is, while messaging apps maximize interruptions in the name of business, it creates a tragedy of the commons that ruins global attention spans and causes billions of interruptions every day. This is a huge problem we need to Between Assad and The Rebels in Syria Essay fix with shared design standards (potentially, as part of Time Well Spent). Hijack #8: Bundling Your Reasons with Their Reasons. Another way apps hijack you is by taking your reasons for visiting the app (to perform a task) and make them inseparable from the apps business reasons (maximizing how much we consume once were there). For example, in the physical world of National Security Essay, grocery stories, the #1 and The Conflict Assad Rebels in Syria, #2 most popular reasons to visit are pharmacy refills and and Christianity, buying milk. But grocery stores want to maximize how much people buy, so they put the pharmacy and and The in Syria Essay, the milk at the back of the Youth: International Essay, store. In other words, they make the thing customers want (milk, pharmacy) inseparable from what the business wants.

If stores were truly organized to support people , they would put the most popular items in Assad in Syria Essay the front. Tech companies design their websites the same way. For example, when you you want to look up a Facebook event happening tonight (your reason) the Facebook app doesnt allow you to access it without first landing on the news feed (their reasons), and thats on purpose. Facebook wants to convert every reason you have for using Facebook, into their reason which is to maximize the time you spend consuming things . In an ideal world, apps would always give you a direct way to get what you want separately from what they want. Imagine a digital bill of rights outlining design standards that forced the products that billions of people used to support empowering ways to navigate towards their goals. Were told that its enough for businesses to make choices available. If you dont like it you can always use a different product. If you dont like it, you can always unsubscribe. If youre addicted to our app, you can always uninstall it from your phone. Businesses naturally want to make the choices they want you to make easier, and the choices they dont want you to make harder. Butter Battle? Magicians do the same thing. Assad Rebels Essay? You make it easier for Youth: The Youth International Party Essay a spectator to pick the thing you want them to Between Assad Essay pick, and harder to pick the thing you dont.

For example, NYTimes.com lets you make a free choice to by jd cancel your digital subscription. But instead of just doing it when you hit Cancel Subscription, they force you to call a phone number thats only open at certain times. Instead of Between and The, viewing the world in terms of choice availability of Essay, choices, we should view the world in terms of friction required to enact choices. Imagine a world where choices were labeled with how difficult they were to fulfill (like coefficients of friction) and Assad and The Essay, there was an FDA for nine Tech that labeled these difficulties and set standards for how easy navigation should be. Hijack #10: Forecasting Errors, Foot in the Door strategies. People dont intuitively forecast the Rebels in Syria, true cost of stories, a click when its presented to them. Sales people use foot in The Conflict Between Assad Essay the door techniques by asking for a small innocuous request to begin with (just one click), and escalating from Youth:, there (why dont you stay awhile?).

Virtually all engagement websites use this trick. Imagine if web browsers and Assad in Syria, smartphones, the gateways through which people make these choices, were truly watching out for people and helped them forecast the consequences of nine stories salinger, clicks (based on real data about what it actually costs most people?). Thats why I add Estimated reading time to The Conflict Rebels the top of my posts. Essay? When you put the true cost of a choice in front of The Conflict and The Essay, people, youre treating your users or audience with dignity and respect. In a Time Well Spent internet, choices would be framed in terms of projected cost and benefit, so people were empowered to make informed choices. Are you upset that technology is hijacking your agency? I am too. Ive listed a few techniques but there are literally thousands.

Imagine whole bookshelves, seminars, workshops and trainings that teach aspiring tech entrepreneurs techniques like this. Security? They exist. The ultimate freedom is The Conflict Between Assad and The Rebels in Syria Essay a free mind, and we need technology to be on our team to of Cultural Philosophy. Essay help us live, feel, think and act freely. We need our smartphones, notifications screens and web browsers to be exoskeletons for our minds and Assad Rebels Essay, interpersonal relationships that put our values, not our impulses, first. Peoples time is valuable. And we should protect it with the same rigor as privacy and other digital rights. Tristan Harris was Product Philosopher at Relativism: The Elements Philosophy. Essay Google until 2016 where he studied how technology affects a billion peoples attention, wellbeing and behavior. For more information and The Conflict in Syria Essay, get involved, check out http://timewellspent.io and Disillusioned The Youth, http://empoweringdesign.org. This piece is cross-posted on Medium.

Tech Companies Design Your Life, Heres Why You Should Care. Four years ago, I sold my company to The Conflict in Syria Essay Google and joined the ranks there. I spent my last three years there as Product Philosopher, looking at the profound ways the design of screens shape billions of human lives and National Security Essay, asking what it means for them to do so ethically and responsibly. What I came away with is that somethings not right with how our screens are designed , and The Conflict Assad Rebels in Syria, Im writing this to Disillusioned Youth: The Youth International Essay help you understand why you should care, and The Conflict Assad and The, what you can do about The Challenge of Cultural The Elements, it. I shouldnt have to cite statistics about the central role screens play in The Conflict Assad Rebels Essay our lives. Essay? Billions of us turn to Between and The smartphones every day. We wake up with them.

We fall asleep with them. Youre looking at Essay one right now. Of course, new technologies always reshape society, and its always tempting to worry about them solely for this reason. Socrates worried that the technology of The Conflict Between Assad in Syria, writing would create forgetfulness in the learners souls, because they [would] not use their memories. We worried that newspapers would make people stop talking to each other on the subway. We worried that we would use television to Youth: The Youth Essay amuse ourselves to death. And see! people say. The Conflict Assad And The Rebels? Nothing bad happened! Isnt humanity more prosperous, more technically sophisticated, and better connected than ever? Is it really that big of a problem that people spend so much time staring at their smartphones? Isnt it just another cultural shift, like all the others? Wont we just adapt? I dont think so.

Whats missing from and Christianity, this perspective is that all these technologies (books, television, radio, newspapers) did change everything about The Conflict Between and The, society, we just dont see it. They replaced our old menus of choices with new ones. Each new menu eventually became the new normal the way things are and, after our memories of old menus had faded into the past, the Disillusioned Youth: Party, new menus became the way things have always been. Ask a fish about water and theyll respond, whats water? Consider that the average American now watches more than 5.5 hours of television per day. Regardless of The Conflict Between Essay, whether you think TV is Disillusioned The Youth Essay good or bad, hundreds of The Conflict Between Assad and The Rebels Essay, millions of people spend 30% of their waking hours watching it.

Its hard to National overstate the Assad and The Rebels in Syria, vast consequences of this shift for the blood flows of National Security, millions of people, for our understanding of The Conflict Between and The Rebels in Syria Essay, reality, for the relational habits of families, for the strategies and outcomes of political campaigns. Yet for those who live with them day-to-day, they are invisible. So what best describes the nature of what smart phones are doing to us? A New Perfect Choice on Lifes Menu. If I had to summarize it, its this: Our phone puts a new choice on lifes menu, in any moment, thats sweeter than reality. If, at any moment, reality gets dull or boring, our phone offers something more pleasurable, more productive and even more educational than whatever reality gives us. And this new choice fits into any moment. Our phone offers 5-second choices like checking email that feel better than waiting in line. And it offers 30-minute choices like a podcast that will teach you that thing youve been dying to learn, which feels better than a 30-minute walk in of Christian Counseling silence.

Once you see your phone this way, wouldnt you turn to it more often? It always happens this way: when new things fill our needs better than the The Conflict Between Assad Rebels in Syria, old, we switch: When cheaper, faster to prepare food appears, we switch: Packaged foods. When more accurate search engines appear, we switch: Google. When cheaper, faster forms of transportation appear, we switch: Uber. So it goes with phones. But it also changes us on the inside.

We grow less and less patient for reality as it is, especially when its boring or uncomfortable. The Goals Counseling? We come to The Conflict Between Assad and The Rebels in Syria Essay expect more from the world, more rapidly. And because reality cant live up to our expectations, it reinforces how often we want to turn to our screens. Salinger? A self-reinforcing feedback loop. And because of the attention economy, every product will only get more persuasive over The Conflict Assad and The Rebels in Syria Essay, time. Facebook must become more persuasive if it wants to compete with YouTube and survive. YouTube must become more persuasive if it wants to compete with Facebook. And were not just talking about cheap amusement (aka cat videos).

These products will only get better at giving us choices that make every bone in our body say, yeah I want that! So whats wrong about this? If the entire attention economy is working to fill us up with more perfect-feeling things to spend time on, which outcompete being with the discomfort of ourselves or our surroundings, shouldnt that be fantastic? Clearly something is missing from this picture. But what is better butter battle it?

Maybe its that filling people up, even with incredible choices on The Conflict Assad in Syria, screens somehow doesnt add up to a life well lived . Or that those choices werent what we wished wed been persuaded to do in Relativism: of Moral Philosophy. the bigger sense of our lives. With design as it is The Conflict in Syria today, screens threaten our fundamental agency . Essay The Goals Of Christian Counseling? Maybe we are choosing, but we are choosing from persuasive menus driven by companies who have different goals than ours. And that begs us to ask, what are our goals? or how do we want to Between and The spend our time? There are as many good lives as there are people, but our technology (and the battle, attention economy) dont really seem on our team to give us the agency to The Conflict Between and The Rebels Essay live according to them. And its about to get a lot worse. Virtual Reality and Augmented Reality will offer whole new immersive realities that are even more persuasive than physical reality. When you could have sex with the person of your dreams, or fly through jungles in the Amazon rainforest while looking over at your best friend flying next to you, who would want to The Elements of Moral Essay stick with reality?

By the way, this isnt your usual look, VR is coming! prediction. This is the real deal. The Conflict Between And The Rebels? Facebook recently spent $2 billion to buy Oculus Rift, and hopes to put them in nine stories salinger every home for and The Rebels this holiday season. Just like the late 1980s when suddenly everyone you knew had a Nintendo . So we have a fundamental misalignment between what the nine stories, attention economy is Assad and The Essay competing to produce (more perfect, persuasive choices that fit into any moment), the design of our phones, and the aspirations people have for their lives (their definition of the good life). So whats missing from the Essay about The Goals Counseling, design of our phones? I like to Between and The Rebels Essay use the metaphor of ergonomics . When you think of ergonomics, you might think of boring things like how a cup fits into nine, someones hand, but its way more than that.

If regular design is about how we want things to work , ergonomics is The Conflict Assad Essay concerned with failure modes and extremes : how things break under repetition, stress or other limits. And the goal of ergonomics is to create an alignment between those limits, and the goals people have for how they want to use it. For example, an ergonomically designed coffee mug aligns the natural fatigue of forearm muscles during use (as a person lifts it to sip) with how frequently people want to and Christianity Essay use it, so they still can lift it successfully with repetition. What does this have to do with phones? Our minds urgently need a new ergonomics, based on the minds limited capacities, biases, fatigue curves and the ways it forms habits. The attention economy tears our minds apart. The Conflict Assad And The Rebels? With its onslaught of never-ending choices, never-ending supply of relationships and obligations, the attention economy bulldozes the Essay about The Goals, natural shape of our physical and psychological limits and turns impulses into bad habits. Just like the food industry manipulates our innate biases for salt, sugar and fat with perfectly engineered combinations, the tech industry bulldozes our innate biases for The Conflict Assad and The Rebels Social Reciprocity (were built to get back to by jd salinger others), Social Approval (were built to care what others think of us), Social Comparison (how were doing with respect to our peers) and Novelty-seeking (were built to seek surprises over the predictable). Millions of years of Between, evolution did a great job giving us genes to care about how others perceive us . Butter Battle? But Facebook bulldozes those biases, by forcing us to deal with how thousands of people perceive us. This isnt to say that phones today arent designed ergonomically, they are just ergonomic to a narrow scope of goals : for a single user (holding the Between Assad and The Rebels Essay, phone) for single tasks (opening an app) for National Security individual choices. how far our thumb has to reach to tap an app how loud the phone must vibrate for Between and The Essay our ear to hear it.

So what if we expanded the scope of ergonomics for a more holistic set of human goals: a holistic sense of a person a holistic sense of how they want to National spend their time (and goals) a holistic sense of their relationships (interpersonal social choices) an ability to make holistic choices (including opportunity costs externalities) an The Conflict Between Assad and The Essay, ability to reflect, before and Disillusioned The Youth International Party Essay, after. and what if we aligned these goals with a more holistic set of our mental, social and emotional limits? Lets call this new kind of ergonomics Holistic Ergonomics. The Conflict Between Assad Rebels In Syria? Holistic Ergonomics recognizes our holistic mental and emotional limits [vulnerabilities, fatigue and ways our minds form habits] and The Challenge of Moral Philosophy., aligns them with the in Syria Essay, holistic goals we have for our lives (not just the single tasks). Holistic Ergonomics is and Christianity Essay built to give us back agency in an increasingly persuasive attention economy. Joe Edelman and I have taught design workshops on Rebels in Syria Essay, this, calling it EmpoweringDesign.org, or designing to empower peoples agency. It includes an interpersonal ergonomics , to align our social psychological instincts with how and when we want to make ourselves available to others (like in my TED talk), so that we can reclaim agency over how we want to relate to others. Just like an ergonomic coffee mug is safe to live by, even under repetition, over and over Divorce, again, without causing harm to ourselves or others, in Essay a Time Well Spent world our phones would be designed with Holistic Ergonomics, so that even under repetition, over nine, and over The Conflict Assad and The Rebels in Syria, again, our phones do not cause harm to ourselves or others our phones become safe to live by of Cultural The Elements Philosophy. Essay . They support our Agency.

Right now, two companies are responsible for the primary screens that a billion people live by. Apple and Google make the two dominant smartphone platforms. The Conflict And The Rebels In Syria Essay? Facebook and Microsoft make leading Virtual and Augmented Reality platforms, Oculus and Divorce and Christianity Essay, Hololens. You might think that its against the business models of Apple and The Conflict Between Essay, Google to facilitate peoples agency, which might include making it easier to spend time off the screen, and use apps less . But its not. Apple and Google, like all companies, respond to about The Goals of Christian Counseling what consumers demand. When Privacy became important to you, they responded. They developed new privacy and security features, and it sparked a whole new public conversation and debate. Its now the most popular concern about Assad and The Essay, technology discussed in salinger media. When Organic food became important to you, they responded too. Assad And The Rebels Essay? Walmart added it to their stores. We need to do the same thing with this issue.

Until now, with this experience of salinger, distraction, social media, and this vague sense that we dont feel good when we use our phones for too long, theres been nothing to The Conflict Assad Rebels rally behind. Divorce And Christianity Essay? Its too diffuse. We receive so many incredible benefits from Between Assad and The Rebels, tech, but weve also been feeling like weve been losing ourselves, and our humanity? But were naming it now. Whats at stake is our Agency. And Christianity Essay? Our ability to live the lives we want to live, choose the way we want to choose, and relate to others the way we want to relate to them through technology.

This is a design problem , not just a personal responsibility problem. If you want your Agency, you need to tell these companies that thats what you want from Between Assad and The Rebels in Syria, them not just another shiny new phone that overloads our psychological vulnerabilities. Essay? Tell them you want your Agency back, and to Between Assad and The Rebels Essay help you spend your time the way you want to, and they will respond. I hope this helps spark that bigger conversation. Distracted in 2016? Reboot Your Phone with Mindfulness. People often tell me that starting a movement for a whole new type of of Cultural Relativism: of Moral Philosophy. Essay, technology thats built to help people spend their time well sounds nice (and naively ambitious), but what are the things I can do to have a more mindful relationship with my devices right now ? So Ive taken a couple days to The Conflict Between Assad and The Rebels Essay compile my best recommendations for iPhone users.

The tips below are meant to: Minimize Compulsive Checking Phantom Buzzes Minimize Fear of Missing Something Important Minimize Unconscious Use Minimize Leaky Interactions (leaking out into something unintended) Minimize Unnecessary Psychological Concerns generated by better butter the screen. Note: These recommendations are for people who live by their smartphone (not casual users), and theyre based on findings from Between Assad and The in Syria Essay, psychology and behavioral science. Tip #1: Create Your Essential Home Screen. We check our phone 150 times a day, and each time we unlock to about The Goals see that grid of Assad, apps and Disillusioned Youth: The Youth International Party, red badges signaling everything weve missed, it immediately triggers a whole set of The Conflict Between in Syria Essay, thoughts, feelings and concerns in of Cultural Relativism: of Moral Philosophy. our mind. What is Time Well Spent (Part I): Design Distinctions. Im often asked, so what is Time Well Spent software? How do we define it? What does it mean to The Conflict Between and The in Syria Essay design for it?

Time Well Spent is stories a consumer movement to Assad Rebels shift what we want from the companies who make our technology. Nine Stories Salinger? Just like Organic was a movement to shift what we want from the companies who make our food. With Time Well Spent, we want technology that cares about helping us spend our time, and our lives, well not seducing us into Assad in Syria, the most screen time, always-on interruptions or distractions. So, people ask, Are you saying that you know how people should spend their time? Of course not. Lets first establish what Time Well Spent isnt: It is not a universal, normative view of how people should spend their time It is not saying that screen time is bad, or that we should turn it all off. It is not saying that specific categories of apps (like social media or games) are bad. I thought Id put some of the possible differences of Time Well Spent into a chart to National distinguish how a company would design an and The Rebels, app, website or service differently: These distinctions also apply differently for Essay The Goals of Christian different kinds of technologies.

Communication Tools: Email, Group Messaging, Text Messaging Social Media: Facebook, Twitter, Pinterest Content Publishers: NYTimes, Economist, BuzzFeed Content Platforms: YouTube, Medium Software Portals: Portals we use to access apps and The Conflict Between Rebels, websites (e.g. Chrome web browser, Android/iOS home screens) Hardware Portals: Smartphones, Tablets, Watches, Notifications (e.g. Nine Stories By Jd Salinger? iPhone, Samsung Galaxy Edge) Ill go into great detail about these distinctions in Between and The Rebels in Syria future posts, along with specific examples of nine, they show up in current products and potential new ones! To learn more, check out Rebels in Syria Essay http://timewellspent.io or http://empoweringdesign.org for details on future meet-ups and events! Is Technology Amplifying Human Potential, or Amusing Ourselves to Death? When I was about five years old, my mom gave me a Macintosh LC II and I was hooked. Not to Facebook or the Internet, they didnt exist yet. Stories By Jd Salinger? I was hooked to creating things painting things, scripting interactive games in HyperCard, programming little tools or games.

Like the technology visionaries of the Between and The in Syria, 1970s and butter, 80s like Doug Engelbart, Alan Kay and Steve Jobs, I optimistically believed computers could be bicycles for Between Assad and The Essay our minds and amplify human potential. And they did empower us. Divorce And Christianity? But today, in the year 2015, empowerment rarely feels like my day to day experience with technology. Instead I feel constantly lured into distractions. I get sucked endlessly into email, distracting websites. The Conflict Between And The Rebels Essay? I get bulldozed by interruptive text messages, back and forth scheduling, or find myself scrolling a website in a trance at 1am. I feel like Im caught in a whirlpool of Amusing Ourselves to Death , as author Neil Postman predicted 30 years ago. In the book, Postman contrasts two dystopian visions of the future. George Orwells 1984, where power is expressed directly through Big Brother, oppressively restricting peoples freedoms. And Aldous Huxleys Brave New World, where power is expressed indirectly , by butter battle saturating people with so many delightful distractions that they cant see their oppression. Between Rebels Essay? Where people come to adore the technologies that would undo their capacities to think.

In Postmans own words: What Orwell feared were those who would ban books. What Huxley feared was that there would be no reason to ban a book, for there would be no one who wanted to read one. Orwell feared those who would deprive us of information. Huxley feared those who would give us so much that we would be reduced to nine salinger passivity and egoism. Orwell feared that the truth would be concealed from us. Huxley feared the truth would be drowned in a sea of irrelevance. As Huxley remarked [they] failed to take into account mans almost infinite appetite for distractions . Its scary how true this feels today.

Huxley was concerned about whats irresistible to The Conflict Assad and The Essay our instincts. Not to vilify those instincts, but to recognize how they might get abused and control us. Just like we have built-in gustatory instincts for salt, sugar and Essay, fat that are incredibly useful for survival on the Savannah but abused by our modern food environment , Huxley knew we have built-in instincts for novelty, curiosity gaps, social approval and fear of missing something important. These instincts are useful to and The have on the Savannah but our media environment adversarially exploits them to keep us glued to screens. So why is our experience of the Internet and computing going this way? Towards distraction, and Disillusioned The Youth Party, away from empowerment? The attention economy means that no matter what a technology company aims to Between Assad Rebels in Syria Essay create an Disillusioned Youth: The Youth International, informative news site like the New York Times, a meditation app to help people meditate, a social network, or an addictive game they win by Between Assad and The in Syria getting people to better spend time. What starts as an honest competition to make useful things that people spend time on , devolves into a race to Assad in Syria Essay the bottom of the brain stem to maximize the time we spend. It means online publishers gradually converting headlines into curiosity gaps and clickbait. It means video sites like YouTube or Netflix auto-playing the National Security, next episode without waiting for The Conflict Between Assad Rebels you to The Challenge Relativism: of Moral Philosophy. click.

It means businesses sending push notifications and email to Between Assad and The in Syria pretend you are miss something important if you dont check. And were vulnerable to these mechanisms. Knowing their tricks doesnt inoculate us to their efficacy. The problem is, you cant ask any business whos in this competition not to use these tricks if their competitors are doing it. The Goals Of Christian Counseling? You cant ask YouTube to help you spend any less time on cute kitten videos if thats what keeps you clicking, because someone else (another app, or another website) will swoop in and siphon that time somewhere else. Stock prices depend on Assad Rebels in Syria Essay, keeping engagement numbers high. Its only going to get worse as businesses compete. Were not going to get out of this situation until we change the The Youth, thing for Between Assad Essay which these companies compete.

From the The Challenge The Elements Philosophy. Essay, currency of Rebels in Syria Essay, Time Spent to Youth: International Party Essay something else. This is exactly how Organic certification changed the The Conflict Rebels, game for farmers. By defining and standardizing what makes safe cultivation practices (no pesticides), the farmers who wanted to do whats good for us no longer got undercut by National Security farmers who used unsafe pesticides to achieve lower prices. Its also how LEED certification changed the game, so green sustainable buildings could thrive in the marketplace. We need something like that for in Syria software, where businesses compete for Time Well Spent : a certification and a consumer rating that includes how their users, when shown a reflection of their use, later rate their experience as time well spent versus one they partially regret.

Like Yelp reviews, but for experiences. Imagine a world where Time Well Spent determines your stock price, your popularity in app stores, your ranking in news feeds, your ability to attract talented employees, your media attention, and Disillusioned Youth: The Youth International, funding possibilities. Its a B-Corp movement for technology. I used to believe we could just ask software designers to take on moral responsibility for how they shape the billions of minutes and hours of other peoples lives . But you cant design responsibly when it conflicts with the The Conflict Between and The in Syria Essay, business incentives you are obligated, by law, to maximize. This is battle a long road, but we can get there by starting a new conversation.

Instead of having the old conversation about self-control and waiting for The Conflict Rebels Essay cultural norms to stories by jd salinger adapt automatically, direct your friends and family to a new conversation. Lets set incentives to create a world where the Internet and and The Rebels, my devices amplify human potential again, and where we can trust-fall into better, the whirlpool of technology and know that it is on our team to help us spend our time, and our lives, well. Is your web browser a credit card for your time? The web browser isnt just a tool that gets you from A to The Conflict Assad and The in Syria B, its also a medium that shapes the kinds of choices you make. Introducing the Medium. And the Message. Marshall McLuhan, the Canadian media theorist of the 20th century, famously coined the phrase, the medium is the stories by jd salinger, message. His point was that if you want to understand a medium (television, radio, the Internet or web browser) you shouldnt look at the messages the words, images, stories or articles presented in The Conflict Between Assad Rebels it. You should look at how the medium organizes perception and choices. The medium tells you everything about what messages will be successful. Television organizes perception and choice primarily around visual images , so Shows with explosive visual images will be more rewarded than shows with dull images TV news shows with attractive broadcasters and dramatic footage will be more rewarded than news shows with unattractive broadcasters who tell stories in butter battle a soothing voice.

Similarly with money, a $20 price (the message) matters less than the medium of the choice. Behavioral economists have shown that credit cards make us willing to The Conflict Between in Syria Essay spend more money than cash . A study by Duncan Simester at MIT showed that MBA students offered baseball tickets were willing to Disillusioned The Youth Essay pay twice as much when paying by Essay credit card, than by cash. Neuroscientists have further shown that when we pay with cash, it actually hurts high prices light up the brains insula, which is Essay The Goals of Christian associated with pain perception. But when we pay with credit cards, it doesnt light up our pain centers. Credit cards invite us to avoid feeling the pain of paying, and to Between Assad and The in Syria forget how much money we actually have. Cash invites us to consciously feel how much we spend. Of course, none of this is new. Its why theme parks and Divorce and Christianity Essay, casinos intentionally create virtual currencies like tokens (or Disneyland Dollars), so the money feels abstract and people spend more. Its why its we to accidentally spend more money on vacations in The Conflict Between and The foreign currencies than with our native currency (its just play money, right?) Its why restaurants are taught not to Essay Counseling put the $ sign next to each item, and not line up all the prices to the right, so diners choose based on description and not price.

A $20 price (the message) isnt separate from medium it comes in. Between Assad And The Rebels? The medium is the message. The Web Browser as a Credit Card. So what does this have to do with technology? And why does this matter at all? Unlike with restaurant menu design, which affects how a few thousand people choose what to eat a few times a year, software designers affect how a billion people make choices about Essay, spending their attention more than 150 times every day. A small number of designers at The Conflict Assad Essay tech companies create those mediums, which will reward certain messages (behaviors, clicks, scrolls) over others. And today, web browsers are designed like credit cards.

They make it easy to swipe the credit card for our time and take out a loan against our future selves . They make it easy to be swipe our credit card for more time than we intended, by nine stories getting lost in an infinitely scrolling feed. They make it easy to click something we wish we hadnt clicked later. And they do it for hundreds of millions of people every day: But it doesnt have to be this way. Web browsers could be designed to The Conflict Between and The in Syria frame choices more like cash instead of National Security, credit for example by letting us know how long something will take before we click it. An interface to help users make conscious choices about The Conflict Between Assad Essay, whether to battle do something now, or later. Or help us by The Conflict Assad allowing us to budget how much time wed like to spend on various sites or apps, and frame our choices in terms of how much cash (time) we have left towards that site. But what about Conflict of Interest? And unlike credit card companies who profit by stories by jd getting consumers to spend more money than they actually have, none of the four major web browser makers Google (Chrome), Microsoft (Internet Explorer), Mozilla (Firefox) and Apple (Safari) make money by getting people to open things they dont have time for* Likewise, none of the major Email clients Gmail, Y! Mail, Outlook, Apple Mail make money by and The in Syria users accidentally spending more time than they intended because of sneaky email marketing.

Email clients could reframe credit card like choices with cash choices: You can start to see how these small, nuanced design choices, at the scale of The Youth International Party Essay, how a billion people spend their attention, quickly become significant moral choices. Ill be tackling these moral questions in future posts.