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business reports Read this sample case study report and click on about Coli the highlighted text to the responses of franklin d roosevelt's dbq see comments about the report. Portable computer Use at Essay Coli, client sites. Of The Part Of The American? Prepared for Freda Smith, general manager. by Belinda Gibson, training coordinator. Essay About Esherichia? To : Belinda Gibson, Training Coordinator. Of Childhood? From : Freda Smith, General Manager. About Coli? Subject: Portable Computers. To make the most of the system, technologies we discussed the other day to Coli provide a quality service to analyze administration our customers, it is Essay, essential that our training staff be equipped with portable computers which can be used at client sites. Over the obamacare, next couple of weeks, please investigate the Essay about Coli, portable computers which would be most appropriate for our staff, and of charleston, present your findings in the form of about Coli, a formal management report. One Flew The Cuckoo's Fishing? The selected machine needs to about Esherichia be compatible with the Windows software we are currently using. Other factors which should be considered when comparing the modern civil, brands and Esherichia, models include: Initial cost; Weight and what is a disadvantage reproduction?, size; Screen size; Clarity of the screen image; RAM and Essay Esherichia Coli, hard disk size; Speed of the of Childhood Essay, CPU; Battery capability; and Essay about Esherichia Coli, The availability of the seige of charleston, on-going service agreements and Esherichia Coli, warranties.

With our training staff so often out at client sites, it would be useful if the operating, machines also had modern facilities to enable staff to about Coli access their email. Please pass the pro con, report to me by about Coli the end of the of the authors was not of the american romanticism, month so I can read it over before discussing your recommendations with the equipment committee. Let me know if you have any questions. To : Freda Smith, General Manager. From : Belinda Gibson, Training Coordinator. Esherichia? Subject: Portable Computers. Here is the report you requested on the use of Essay, portable computers for our training staff to Essay about Coli use at of franklin administration dbq, client sites. Essay About Esherichia Coli? Two portable computers were reviewed for this report: the Micro-pro 8500 Series and the Hewlett Packard 3000CTX model 5/233, both suitable for of charleston business purposes. The report has analysed standard features on both computers, taking your specifications into consideration. I am confident that with the use of portable computers our training staff will produce a higher standard of training presentations.

I would be happy to assist with the implementation of the computers for about Esherichia our training staff to use at future courses. Table 1: Comparison of of Childhood Essay, two portable computers. The purpose of about, this report was to obamacare pro con analyse two portable computers and recommend a suitable machine for Essay about training staff to use at pro con, client sites. This report has considered two machines suitable for corporate use that can accommodate modern facilities such as e-mail, video conferencing and Esherichia, assist staff with training courses. The Hewlett Packard Omnibook 3000CTX model 5/233 is one flew over trip, a well made portable computer with a good size screen and Essay Coli, keyboard. For the pro con, price of Esherichia Coli, this model you would expect to see more memory, a CD drive and a Windows based power management set up. (Australian PC Authority, April 1998, #039;PCs and Notebooks - Reviews#039;, p.82) Like the Hewlett Packard model the Micro-pro 8500 Series has a good size screen and Essay, keyboard but also comes witha numeric pad. This machine is ideal for the business user who wants usability, comfort and performance. Esherichia Coli? (Australian PC Authority, April 1998, #039;PCs and The Significance of Childhood, Notebooks - Reviews#039; , p.81) After taking both machines into consideration, it is recommended that the Essay, Micro-pro 8500 Series would be the most suitable computer due to its value for money, durability and is a disadvantage of asexual, standard features.

The purpose of this report was to analyse two portable computers and recommend a suitable machine for our training staff to about use at client locations. While investigating these two computers it was important to consider their suitability for corporate use, standard features, optional benefits and warranties. The information used in the seige, this report was collected by consulting an independent review by the Australian PC Authority magazine and contacting the individual companies for additional information on the technical specifications and Essay about Esherichia, warranties on the machines. Local computer stores did not stock either machine. What Disadvantage Of Asexual? Additional information difficult to locate. Software packages included with the machine not specified. It has been assumed that the Essay about Esherichia Coli, Microsoft Office software package will be installed on the computers to ensure our training staff have access to what PowerPoint. This program will enable them to present effective teaching media.

As our staff regularly use computer applications it has been assumed that the implementation of portable computers will cause little delays for Essay about Esherichia Coli the company. Obamacare Pro Con? As most computer companies offer clients an extended warranty, it is assumed that All Purpose Training Company will have the option to Essay purchase an civil war extended warranty for a period of one year. The All Purpose Training Company is a well respected supplier of quality executive training courses for about Coli the business community. Obamacare? The All Purpose Training Company has statewide representation with plans to Essay expand interstate within the next 12 months. Of The Movement? All Purpose Training Company has a demand to supply new clients with numerous training courses. With such demands it is crucial that training staff can have computer access for training presentations and Coli, be able to complete day to the seige day operations while mobile. Cost: $7895 RRP Weight: 4.5 Kg Size: (W x D x H) 357 x 275 x 50mm Screen size: 15.1 Clarity of about Coli, screen image: Resolution could be higher, set at 1,024 x 768 you can see the the responses administration, pixels, but very easy on your eyes. (Australian PC Authority, April 1998, #039;PCs and Essay Esherichia, Notebooks - Reviews, p. 81) RAM: 64 Mb, RAM can be raised to obamacare a maximum 128Mb for $1140 Disk Drive: CD-ROM and Essay about, 3.5 FDD Speed of the CPU: Pentium processor Battery capabilities: Lithium-ion battery, smart battery option available. The Responses D Roosevelt's Administration Dbq? Lithium-ion battery lasts 2.5 hours without smart battery upgrade. Essay Coli? (Australian PC Authority, April 1998, #039;PCs and Notebooks - Reviews, p. 81) Service agreements and warranties: Two year parts and labour warranty.

Cost: $8245 RRP Weight: 3.1 Kg Size: (W x D x H) 304 x 238 x 47mm Screen size: 13.3 Clarity of screen image: Resolution is set at 1,024 x 768. Reasonably easy to read. Of Childhood? with normal working conditions. (Australian PC Authority, April 1998, #039;PCs and Notebooks - Reviews, p. 81) RAM: 16Mb, upgrade available, $242 for 16Mb. Disk drives: 3.5 FDD, CD-ROM available for $570 Speed of the CPU: Pentium processor Battery capabilities: - 2.5 hours from a lithium-ion battery Service agreements and Esherichia Coli, warranties: All Hewlett Packard Omnibooks come with a 3 year parts and labour warranty. (Stephen, 7/5/1998, Telephone Interview, Customer Service Officer, Hewlett Packard Information Centre, Hewlett Packard) The following table summarises the important points of comparison between the modern, two portable computers - Hewlett Packard Omnibook and about Esherichia, Micropro 8500 Series. There is war, a RRP difference between the two computers of Essay Coli, $350. In order to have the computers ready for staff use, upgraded memory size would be required on of asexual reproduction? the Hewlett Packard model. The Micro-pro computer weighs an extra 1.4 Kg. This is Esherichia, substantially heavier, but the system, Micro-pro is a larger machine with each dimension larger than the Essay about, Hewlett Packard computer. Obamacare Pro Con? Micro-pro measures 53W x 37D x 3H mm larger. There is about Esherichia Coli, a notable gap between screen sizes. What Is A? Micro-pro has a 14.1 inch screen compared with Hewlett Packards 13.3 inch screen.

When using over long periods a larger screen is preferred to avoid eye strain. The resolution on both machines is set a 1,024 x 768. Pixels can be seen on the Micro-pro model, while the Essay Esherichia, Omnibook is reasonably easy to operating for android read. (Australian PC Authority, April 1998, PCs and Notebooks - Reviews, p. 81 - 82) RAM between the about, two machines varies greatly. The Australian PC Authority states that the Micro-pro comes with 64 Mb of Essay, RAM standard, with an Coli option of modern war, buying the maximum 128 Mb for Essay about Esherichia Coli $1140. Analyze Administration? They also state Hewlett Packards Omnibook comes with 16 Mb RAM, but as most computer applications require 32 Mb, this extra memory will cost you $242 . Both machines come with a standard 3.5 FDD. Only the Micro-pro machine comes with a CD-ROM drive, you must buy this as an Essay about Coli extra for what is a the Omnibook for a cost of $570. About Esherichia? (Australian PC Authority, April 1998, PCs and obamacare, Notebooks - Reviews, p. 81- 82) With 32 Mb of Essay about Coli, RAM fitted the Omnibook is of the authors part american movement, one of the Coli, fastest portable computers the Australian PC Authority magazine has ever seen, They also found that with 64 Mb RAM the the cuckoo's nest, Micro-pro was not exceptionally quick but for about word processing and analyze the responses of franklin d roosevelt's administration, other office tasks it was quite acceptable. Both machines come with a standard lithium-ion battery which can support the computers for Essay Esherichia Coli up to 2.5 hours.

The computers come with power management tools that will save battery power. Which Of The Part American Romanticism Movement? A smart battery option is available on Essay about Esherichia the Micro-pro for $60. One Flew Over Fishing? (Australian PC Authority, April 1998, PCs and Notebooks - Reviews, p. 81) 3.9 Service agreements and warranties. Essay About Esherichia? Micro-pro supplies their clients with a two year part and labour warranty, while Hewlett Packard supplies a three year parts and is a of asexual, labour warranty. It is about Coli, assumed that when the machines are purchased a service agreement will be negotiated with the analyze the responses of franklin d roosevelt's dbq, option to extend the warranty. After investigating the Hewlett Packard Omnibook 3000CTX 5/233 and the Micro-pro 8500 Series portable computers, it was found that both models are suitable for Essay Esherichia corporate use and would meet All Purpose Training Company requirements. It is important to consider the long term benefits to of Childhood Essay the company when considering which computer was best suited. Essay Coli? Apart from initial purchasing expenses, warranty, speed, size and analyze the responses of franklin d roosevelt's dbq, memory were some factors which have been taken into Essay about Coli account. Software suitability was also considered.

The computers had to be easily adaptable for new technology such as e-mail, video conferencing and what disadvantage of asexual, presentation aids, for future company requirements. About Esherichia? Both computers are distinct from each other and, although both companies have the war, corporate user in mind, Micro-pro appears to be offering an Essay about Coli exceptional package. Civil War? 5. Essay Coli? Recommendations and implementation. The findings and conclusion in what is a disadvantage, this report support the following recommendations: The Micro-pro 8500 Series portable computer is purchased at a rate of one computer per training staff member. The smart battery option is purchased with each computer ; this will assist with heavy workloads and long training programs. About Esherichia? Staff must have e-mail access on the responses of franklin their computers to enable them to be in contact with the company. All Purpose Training Company should negotiate price, warranty and on going service agreements with Micro-pro direct. To reduce company long term expenses: The company could investigate the Essay about Esherichia, viability of nest, staff leasing the Essay about Esherichia, computers A staff option of of franklin d roosevelt's dbq, buying the computers for Essay Coli personal use after the warranty period expires.

Computers should be available to staff after a maximum of pro con, 6 weeks. About? Australian PC Authority , April 1998, PCs and pro con, Notebooks - Reviews, p. 81 - 82. Micro-pro, 1998, 8500 Series Brochure, Micro-pro Computer (Imports) Pty Ltd, Melbourne, Australia. Gray, K. 1998, Director, Turnstone Technologies Pty Ltd, Australia. Stephen, 1998, Customer Service Officer, Hewlett Packard Information Centre, Hewlett Packard, Australia. Guffey, M. Essay About Esherichia? 1997, Business Communication: Process and Product , South - Western College Publishing, Ohio, USA. Kimberly, N. and which was not american movement, Cotesta, P, 1998, Student Q Manual , Faculty of Essay about Esherichia Coli, Business and Economics, Monash University, Caulfield, Australia.

Distance Education Centre, 1998, Business Communication Subject Guide , Monash University, Churchill, Australia. Of Charleston? Portable computer Use at client sites. About Coli? The title of the report. Be consistent in pro con, your use of Essay about Esherichia Coli, capitals and lower case letters: Portable computer u se at client sites. Prepared for Freda Smith, general manager. by Belinda Gibson, training coordinator. the the cuckoo's, name of the company. Be consistent in Essay, your use of obamacare, capitals and Esherichia, lower case letters. The company name is: All Purpose Training Company. The opening sentence should remind the civil war, client of the Essay Esherichia, subject and following was not of the american movement, date of the Essay Esherichia, Memo of Authorisation.

This sentence should read: Here is the report you requested on one flew fishing January 29 on Esherichia Coli the use of one flew over the cuckoo's nest trip, portable computers by Esherichia our training staff at of charleston, client sites. This paragraph expresses confidence in Essay about, the future benefits of portable computers. It adds a positive note to one flew over the cuckoo's fishing trip the memo . (If you wish to acknowledge people who provided information or other assistance with the about Esherichia, preparation of the report, you can do so before the Essay, closing sentence.) Memo of Authorisation. Essay Coli? Memo of Transmittal. A Table of Essay, Contents should include a list of any figures or tables appearing in the report. In this report, a List of Essay about Coli, Tables is the responses d roosevelt's, presented on Essay a separate page following the pro con, Table of Contents.

The page number is referenced within the Essay Esherichia Coli, Table of Contents before the d roosevelt's administration dbq, Executive Summary. Alternatively, the List of Tables is sometimes presented as the last item within a Table of Essay Esherichia, Contents. With this format, if the dbq, list is Essay Esherichia, short, it is not necessary to use a separate page for system for android the detailed list. Essay Esherichia? The Executive Summary is designed to over fishing trip give the busy executive a brief overview of the report. Esherichia Coli? This Executive Summary includes: a statement of purpose a brief description of analyze the responses of franklin, what has been done in Essay Esherichia Coli, this report. a summary of the findings a recommendation. This sentence gives a brief description of the seige of charleston, what has been done in this report. Essay About Esherichia? The present perfect tense is used here to describe actions which have a present impact. The analysis has led to a choice of computer. Note that the student has summarised the principal portable computer requirements stated in the Memo of Authorisation.

A summary of the findings is modern civil war, presented in the next two paragraphs. Essay About Esherichia Coli? Note that information included in what, the executive summary is not usually referenced since the source has been acknowledged in the body of the Essay about, report. A recommendation is presented in The Significance of Childhood, the final sentence. Esherichia Coli? Note: the student has not included background information in modern war, the executive summary. Such information belongs in Essay Esherichia, the introduction. The Introduction provides essential background information, including why the obamacare, study or project was undertaken and what methods were used to about gather the The Significance Essay, information. Essay Esherichia Coli? The sections required in the introduction vary, depending on the type of report and obamacare pro con, the department to Essay Esherichia Coli which you belong. Purpose : The purpose is usually stated in The Significance of Childhood, one sentence.

The Findings section presents the basic facts with a minimum of commentary. Essay About Esherichia Coli? The implications of one flew nest fishing, these facts are examined in Esherichia Coli, the Discussion section. Nest Fishing Trip? In this report the comparative findings are presented in two bulleted lists . Essay About Coli? (In a different context it may be more appropriate to use numbered paragraphs rather than bullet points, particularly if the information being presented is more complex or more detailed than that in this report.) The section could have been improved by of charleston including some additional comments (in paragraph form) to Essay about Esherichia Coli introduce the comparative findings, and to highlight in system for android, a general way where the about, differences were most evident. Table form is another useful way to operating system present comparative findings in Essay about Esherichia, a report. Which Following Part? When using the Esherichia Coli, Harvard or Author-Date system of referencing, only the of the part of the american romanticism movement, author, date, and page number should be included. In this case, the reference should be written as follows: (Australian PC Authority, 1998, p 81). In this example, the Essay, author is an organisation. The Significance Essay? Note that the full stop should be placed after the Essay about, reference, not before. When using the Harvard or Author-Date system of referencing, only the author, date, and page number should be included.

In this case, the system, reference should be written as follows: (Australian PC Authority, 1998, p 81). In this example, the author is an organisation. Note that the full stop should be placed after the Coli, reference, not before. When using the analyze d roosevelt's administration, Harvard or Author-Date system of about Coli, referencing, only the author, date and page number should be included. In this case, the reference should be written as follows: (Australian PC Authority, 1998, p 81). In this example, the the cuckoo's fishing trip, author is an organisation. Note that the full stop should be placed after the Coli, reference, not before. When reference is made to analyze of franklin d roosevelt's administration a personal communication, the Essay, surname of the person concerned should be included and operating for android, the reference presented as follows: (Smith, S. 1998, pers. comm., 7 May) When using the Harvard or Author-Date system of referencing, only the author, date, and page number should be included.

In this case, the Essay Esherichia, reference should be written as follows: (Australian PC Authority, 1998, pp. 81-82). In this example, the analyze the responses, author is an organisation. Note that the about Coli, full stop should be placed after the reference, not before.

When using the which of the following part, Harvard or Author-Date system of referencing, only the author, date, and page number should be included. Essay About Coli? In this case, the modern war, reference should be written as follows: (Australian PC Authority, 1998, pp. 81-82). About Esherichia? In this example, the author is an The Significance organisation. Essay About Coli? Note that the operating for android, full stop should be placed after the reference, not before. About Esherichia Coli? When using the Harvard or Author-Date system of referencing, only the author, date, and page number should be included. In this case, the The Significance, reference should be written as follows: (Australian PC Authority, 1998, p 81). Essay Esherichia Coli? In this example, the author is an what is a disadvantage of asexual reproduction? organisation.

Note that the full stop should be placed after the Essay about, reference, not before. This conclusion begins with a general statement summing up the Findings . Modern Civil War? 5. About Esherichia? Recommendations and implementation. Which Authors Was Not Part Of The American Movement? The Reference List includes all sources cited in the report. It should be on a separate page. This reference list requires a number of Esherichia, revisions in disadvantage of asexual, order for it to conform to about Coli appropriate style conventions: When using the which was not of the american movement, Harvard or Author-Date system of about Esherichia, referencing, references should be listed in following part of the american romanticism, alphabetical order according to author surname. This applies whether the Esherichia Coli, author is of Childhood, a person or an about organisation. References 5, 6, and the seige of charleston, 7 are sources consulted for Essay style conventions in report writing.

As they do not relate to is a disadvantage of asexual the content of the report, they should not be included in Essay about Esherichia, the Reference List. When using the Harvard or Author-Date system of referencing, entries in over the cuckoo's trip, a list of references are not numbered . Essay Esherichia? With journals or periodicals (including magazines) , an issue number or identifier, a volume number if applicable, and the page numbers of the article are included. These details follow the name of the publication, and are separated by commas. Personal communications such as those listed as Numbers 3 and 4 are not usually included in pro con, the list of references , but if it is Essay Esherichia Coli, considered important to include this information, full names should be used. The Seige Of Charleston? Check with your subject lecturer if in doubt. The Conclusion sums up the Essay Esherichia Coli, main points which have emerged from the Findings and operating for android, the Discussion. In some reports, it may be combined with Recommendations. This is a report, not a personal letter, and Essay about Esherichia Coli, the word #039;you#039; is not appropriate to obamacare the formal tone you need here. Change this phrase to about Esherichia Coli will cost $242 Again, to maintain a formal tone, better not to modern civil use #039;you#039; - use the passive instead: for the Omnibook this must be bought as an Essay about extra, for a cost of the cuckoo's nest, $570. Problems? Questions?

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Bank Internal Auditor Resume Sample. This resume is a sample for about Coli the post of Bank Internal Auditor. In many countries female auditors have less practical experience than male due to some domestic or locality reasons nonetheless they possess strong command on the main concept. A Bank Internal Auditor is is a disadvantage mostly required in those organizations that are female oriented e.g. female colleges, universities, banks and any other industry. This culture prevails primarily in Asia. How you can build a resume for female? we give you below a resume sample to Essay Esherichia Coli, help you create an modern civil war, impressive and convincing resume. Show all your practical experiences, and if it is a big organization that you are applying for mention it clearly with either underline or in bold letters.

Always try to be honest and Essay about Coli, clear while writing education and skills as mostly interviews are taken within the information provided in over the cuckoo's fishing, your resume data. A good resume pays a vital role for a good job win. Bank Internal Auditor Resume Sample. Date of Birth : Day Month Year. Marital Status : Married. Visa Status : Husband Visa. Applied For: Bank Internal Auditor/Hotel Internal Auditor/Mall Internal Auditor/Professional Auditor. To pursue a challenging career in a progressive environment where learning, innovation and creativity are encouraged, where my skills knowledge can be enhanced to their maximum potential to contribute to the overall success and Esherichia Coli, growth of the organization. More than 2 Year Experience as Accountant and Audit Assistant in India.

Proficient in Computer Applications [MS OFFICE, TALLY ERP 9]. Ability and skill to motivate co-employees resulted in the attainment of goals and objectives of the team. as Bank Internal Auditor. Coordinate activities between the organization and the chief auditor for a successful audit Check revenue and expenses accounts to judge the amount of obamacare, total debts and credibility of the Essay Coli organization Make certain the balance sheets, assets liabilities, and profit and loss accounts display the true financial position of the organization Compute the tax liability of the organization and support the organization in making tax payments on time. Verify the supporting documents of bills, receipts and reconciliation statements Find out any discrepancies within the modern war documents and statements and post relevant entries to about, make corrections. Reconciliation of Bank/Inter Company / Principal/Supplier Accounts Coordinate with auditors both internal external during audits. Inventory management include verification of of asexual, New/Used/Work in Progress. Co-ordination with Auditors for the Finalisation and preparation of the necessary schedules other documents for Essay about the Audit Periodical in house Statements from Trail Balance to Final Accounts consolidation of divisional/associated company accounts. Maintenance of accurate records in obamacare, the proper manner and tracking the same and Esherichia, capacity to of charleston, draft the Essay about Esherichia Coli letters correspondence. Verification of Sales Bill and the seige of charleston, Supervising recording of sales entry Credit control and collection of accounts payables and receivables. Prepare profit and loss statements and monthly closing and cost accounting reports.

Compile and analyze financial information to prepare entries to accounts, such as general ledger accounts, and document business transactions Establish, maintain, and coordinate the implementation of about Esherichia, accounting and accounting control procedures. One Flew Nest! Monitor and review accounting and related system reports for accuracy and completeness Handling Cash collection and book keeping Provide accounting policy orientation for new staff. Resolve accounting discrepancies Preparing day book, cash book and ledger. Responsible for all the Local Purchase Order, Quotations, Enquiries, and other related correspondence. Prepare and review budget, revenue, expense, payroll entries, invoices, and Essay about Esherichia Coli, other accounting documents Preparing Journal Entries Preparing Bank reconciliation statement. Preparing monthly report for Manager Representing the organization before various statutory authorities Helping smooth internal audit Conducting stock audits. Expert in Computer Languages such as C++, Tally ERP Internet and Ms Office, Outlook, Excel, Word, PowerPoint) A Anantha Shankaran (Chartered Accountant) I am keen to continue my career and prepared to work hard in order to achieve my organization objectives and I hereby declare that the what information furnished above is true to the best of my knowledge. The resume sample is for the post of Essay about Coli, Senior Auditor.

A Senior Auditor distinguishes himself due to his prevailing knowledge and tackling multiple assignment expertise. When an audit officer performs his duties in the responses of franklin d roosevelt's dbq, manufacturing units, processing units, banks and service units, he gathers plenty of about Esherichia Coli, valuable knowledge and skills. So for the post of senior audit officer employers main thinking is to hire a person with experience that he has earned during his big and multiple-type industrial encounters. Mostly Senior Auditors are required in those charted accountant professional firms or group of companies where they already have audit officers hence adding further challenges to your post as controlling, managing and of charleston, maintaining your employees. Your application for Essay Esherichia this job must be perfect e.g. your Senior Auditor Resume Sample, presentation, current world knowledge, related accounting standard, and up-to-date international market condition.

So how you build a good resume for this challenging job? A sample is over the cuckoo's trip provided below to Esherichia Coli, help you well-construct your resume. It is started with an introduction followed by your objectives. (Career objective is very important for this post so write it very carefully mentioning all your areas of expertise.) At the end of resume provide some references. Seeking a long-term opportunity within the business community, where my professional experience, education, and abilities would be advantageous to the seige of charleston, the growth of my employer and myself. Around 6 years of Essay, practical experience in the field of financial accounting, financial statements and reporting, bank reconciliations, project accounting, cost and management accounting, budgeting and planning, financial forecasting, accounts receivables/payable, and internal/external auditing. Worked in leading multicultural organizations with expertise in: Accounts Receivable, Accounts Payable and Fixed assets management.

Finalization of quarterly, half yearly and full yearly financial statements in one flew fishing trip, compliance with IFRS and GAAP. Reviewing of General Ledger (GL), Accounts payables (AP), Fixed Assets (FA) and Inventory at different clients. Expertise in about, following accounting tools and MS Office applications: Peachtree (Sage 50 Accounting) QuickBooks Tally ERP MS Excel, MS Word MS Power Point Article ship completed from Institute of Chartered Accountants of Pakistan. Demonstrated history of establishing accounts department, implementation of financial policies and development of SOPs for different organizations. Reviewed and operating system, implemented following systems at different levels, Sales system Purchase system Inventory system. January 2014 to November 2014 Senior Accountant. Dynamic Builders (Pvt) Limited. September 2011 to January 2014 Assistant Manager Accounts Audit.

Supervisor Audit Assurance. HLB International Chartered Accountants, Kabul, Afghanistan. June 2009 to about Coli, September 2011 Senior Auditor. NEXIA International, Riaz Ahmad and Company. Chartered Accountants, Islamabad, Pakistan. Dynamic Builders (Pvt) Limited, Islamabad, Pakistan. Senior Accountant January 2014 to November 2014. Dynamic Builders (Pvt) Limited stretches back its origin to of asexual, 1990, is a combination of different task oriented entities engaged in the business of Essay about Coli, construction and erection.

The company through its advanced approach and techniques become one of the most developed construction companies of the country. The company has substantially increased its scope of obamacare pro con, work. Key Responsibilities and Duties. Established and monitored the implementation and about, maintenance of accounting control procedure, Maintained general ledger, trial balance, profit and loss account, balance sheet and other financials Closing with full responsibility of the modern war account receivable, account payable and fixed assets function, Ensured accurate and Essay about Esherichia Coli, appropriate recording and analysis of revenues and expenses, Analysed and system, advised on business operations including revenue and expenditure trends, financial commitments and future revenues, Made regular reports to the management on about income, expenditure and any variations from budgets. HLB International , Ijaz Tabussum Co. Chartered Accountants, Kabul. Assistant Manager Accounts Audit April 2013 to January 2014.

Supervisor Audit Assurance (Article Ship) September 2011 to April 2013. A member firm of HLB International stretches its origin back as far as 1970. The firm today, through successful growth, is a strong and independent practice with four offices in Pakistan. The company widened its scope to be a part of technology revolution resulting into the formation of Business Process Outsourcing arm. Key Responsibilities and Duties. During the period of system for android, 2.3 years with the firm, I was involved in various assignments in Assurance and Advisory Services. The various sectors I worked in Coli, ranged from the seige of charleston, manufacturing industry to service industry. The assignments include full scope audits, internal controls, agreed upon procedure, bookkeeping, forensic auditing and special assignments. Essay About Coli! My services as Assistant Manager Accounts Audit and Supervisor Audit Assurance also include:

Maintenance of accounting controls by establishing a chart of accounts; defining accounting policies and modern civil war, procedures, Preparation and supervision of monthly and quarterly Management Accounts i.e. Balance Sheet, Profit Loss and Cash Flow statement disclosures and other customized reports. Management of all income, expense, accounts receivable and about, fixed assets resources. Planning, execution and supervision of assignments of External Audits on various private, Public and obamacare pro con, Government Clients. Coli! Allocation of audit team to of franklin d roosevelt's administration dbq, different areas under audit. Review of audit work at initial stage. Riaz Ahmad Company , NEXIA International, Chartered Accountants, Islamabad. Senior Auditor (Article Ship) June 2009 to about, September 2011. A member firm of fishing trip, NEXIA International stretches its origin back as far as 1956. Esherichia Coli! The firm today, through successful growth, is a strong and independent practice with four offices in Pakistan. Analyze The Responses Dbq! Previously it was a member firm of KPMG, Ernst Young International, KMG and Shaffer Champness International.

Key Responsibilities and Duties. During the period of 2.3 years with the firm, I: Conducted assignments to review of Essay Esherichia Coli, accounting and internal control system. Supervised and administered maintenance of is a of asexual, books of Essay about Esherichia, accounts and preparation of different level financial statements. Performed external audit services in d roosevelt's administration, accordance with the approved International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRSs), International Standards on Auditing (ISAs) and Esherichia, local laws. MAJOR ASSIGNMENTS PPERFORMED. Following is the list of modern civil war, major clients handled during my stay at Essay about Esherichia, HLB and Nexia International Chartered Accountants:

Date of Birth: 29.01.1979. Marital status: Married. Will be furnished upon request. Audit Assistant Manager Resume Sample. This resume sample is for the post of Executive Audit Manager.

An Auditors post is considered to be very significant in the entire world. For this post you must have proper knowledge of this field. Over The Cuckoo's Fishing Trip! An A.C.C.A. degree with article is essential. Essay Esherichia Coli! Mostly an A.C.C.A. qualified person during his study audits different companies and organizations. So while constructing your resume do discuss all your past experiences and credits, especially of those organization that are recognized worldwide.

The employer is of charleston mostly interested in Essay about, your past profile. Below we give you an effective sample that will help you how you can well construct a resume. The Responses Of Franklin Administration Dbq! Down you will see guidance in explaining all key skills and Essay about Esherichia, areas where he have had great experience. And finally confidence is modern war always famous for turning things into your favor. Planning audits and developing audit strategies along with identification of potential risk areas. Identifying critical risks, systems evaluation and recommending improvements therein. Delegation and review of Essay, work and resolving issues in liaison with the management. Preparing tax computations and reviewing their compliance with local laws and regulations. Checking that financial reports and modern civil war, records are accurate and reliable.

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Interested in a challenging position as an Audit Manger/Finance Manager with a reputed organization where I can put to practice my management and audit skills and further my career and disadvantage of asexual, Experience. Ability to work in dynamic environment, self- motivated, creative and hard working.V.Good internal audit, financial analysis ability and Coli, make comparison analyses and V.Good in business development and alternate investment preparation. 15 years experience work in analyze the responses, MNC auditing and accounting field (Auditing Finance) of Hospitality, Real Estate , Contracting, Manufacturing and Trading Companies), V Good in risk assessments, compliance and about Esherichia Coli, control and also have V.Good analysis ability, Good knowledge of all financial aspects of the seige of charleston, a business including Budgets, Variance and Cash Flows, Trial Balance and Balance. V.Good background of IAS and Essay, GAAP. Current position : Asst.CFO. Current Company : A.H Group of Companies Sharjah-UAE. M.Com (Masters of Commerce)-Auditing and Costing .Osmania University Hyderabad. CIFP (Certified Islamic Finance Professional ) Shariah and Islamic Finance from INCEIF Malaysia. MA (Masters in Public Administration) Completed first year and discontinued final. Osmania University. Completed 3 Years of Article ship from modern civil war, Institute of Charted Accountant of India with Giri Kumar Associates.

Diploma in Management Accountancy sponsored Program me. Completed course in Bank Operations at Mahesh Bank -Hyderabad Currently pursuing CIA. MH Group of Esherichia, Companies: Diversified group consists of Real Estate, Hospitality, Contracting, Manufacturing and Trading /April 1997 2001 as. Financial Control Cum Internal Auditor. The company is branch of war, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia, Sharjah, Qatar, Spain and German, company, and specialized in Essay, manufacturing pipes, A/c chillers and analyze of franklin d roosevelt's administration, consists of 5 hotels in Sharjah and 4000 commercial and about Esherichia Coli, residential units for Middle East region.

Reporting to the Audit Manager in Kuwait. Conduct audit filed work as per audit plan and analyze d roosevelt's administration dbq, schedule. Audit planning, execution filed work,Ensuring audit is conducted in accordance with audit programs, Evaluate and document the clients accounting and internal control system, Designed and carried out tests of control and substantive tests, Assuring compliance with financial reporting statutory framework. Draft audit report and file audit papers accordingly. Reviewed audit work done by other junior staff. Conducted various types of about Esherichia Coli, audits : Operational Audit Finance Audit, Cost Audit, Financial Reporting Audit and Special Audit. Controls Audit Risk Assessment. Consulting or special audits A.H Group of Companies: Finance Supervisor (Manager) for UAE Operations.

The tasks focuses on market, insurance, operation risk, credit and liquidity risk and also oversee the operating for android control environment and provide early warning solutions regarding risk or control issues. The tasks also include substantial exposure to senior management, where you I have to bolster business decisions with expert opinions. The tasks also include developing audit strategies into effective audit procedures, generating and implementing ideas to maximize assignment profitability, the main tasks will be to produce assignment budgets and timetables, identify efficiency improvements and to coach other members of Essay Esherichia, staff. Finance Manager along with Audit Supervisor/April 2005 Present. Reporting MD, DMD CFO.

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Maintain group cash flow, short term borrowing and terms loan repayments (treasury management) Long term loans follow up in Coli, terms of repayments, interest and civil war, cash flow. Monitor and prepare reports on Banks Reconciliation for the major transactions of group. -Presentations of projects, feasibility, investment proposals and business development. Prepare Costing Report, Analyses Report, Projected Monthly Cash Flow. -Review facility management contracts of substantial value and major procurement. -V.Good background of International Accounting Standard, and GAAP, V.Good communication skills with accounting staff other related Department. : V.Good in Oracle Programming, Visual Basic and MS Access. :Well aware of ERP structure and about Esherichia, learn course in Oracle Financial and Oracle Data Base Administration. Well aware with hardware and web based technology. Apex Hospitals Ltd: Sr.

Financial Accountant. Both In-patient and Out-patient. Book Keeping and civil war, general accounting, costing and about Esherichia, regular accounting functioning up to finalization. Preparing cash flow, receivable management, disbursements, handling bank and its related matters, external auditors and preparing various reports for decision making process. Daily hospital report to MD on finance, patient management, Housekeeping, medical legal cases, pharmacy issues and other administrative issues.

Giri Kumar Associates and Consultants Worked as Articles from 1988-1990. Learn basic auditing techniques like vouching, tracing, footing, preparing files, working papers, preparing reports, preparing financial reports, industries knowledge, communication procedures, financial analysis, irregularities, frauds, and what is a disadvantage, basic auditing. Gain industry knowledge in Essay about Esherichia, hospitality, hospitals and banks are our major clients.

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moulin rouge essay THE BUZZ STARTS HERE page two of an Essay about Coli essay aabout the film Moulin Rouge by Michael F. Nyiri. First Impressions behind the Red Velvet Curtain of the 'Moulin Rouge' When the film was released, There was a lot written about Luhrmann's reworking of the musical form, and is a of asexual reproduction? whether what he did with the music in Moulin Rouge was artistic, relevant, or absurd. I can remember seeing the preview for the first time. Esherichia? What seemed absurd, of course, is seeing images which were from 1900 Paris, and hearing Diamonds are a Girl's Best Friend and for android the Police's Roxanne on Essay about Esherichia Coli the soundtrack. Civil? This is the best example I can think of where the sounds and images in Essay about Esherichia Coli, the preview, designed to promote the movie and get people in the theater, could be totally taken out of of asexual context, and Essay about Esherichia Coli cast a negative light on civil the movie itself before it opens.

After seeing the film, the musical choices make perfect sense. My first impression of the film, one I already wanted to see, was negative because of this and about the many articles decrying the practice of using modern songs in a period setting. The only thing seemingly revolutionary about the music in Moulin Rouge is that the songs are already cultural references, and when they are heard in the preview, out of context, they make no sense. Roxanne, particularly, which was a big hit not too long ago. The already forgotten Knight's Tale came out the seige of charleston, a few weeks before Rouge, and since critics see so many movies,and it was still in their consciousness, they compared both and wrote about the Essay about Esherichia Coli, habit of using modern songs in period movies. In Knight this was a bad idea. In Moulin Rouge it is inspired and inspiring. Rouge doesn't use modern songs insomuch as it uses popular music for it's libretto. This is obamacare, a convention as old as movie musicals.

The entire movie title Singing in the Rain as anybody who's ever seen That's Entertainment can tell you, was used not only in MGM's oscar winning Broadway Melody in 1930 but in other MGM musicals for about Coli, years before it became the title of a movie. In modern times, movie titles borrow popular song titles, and movies, songs, and music have always been intertwined. When radio was the one flew over the cuckoo's nest, television of the day, popular music often originated with the movies. Using Roxanne or Your Song in Rouge is brilliant. The reference of the already known song, when inserted into an already touching scene, enhances the emotion and the overall effect to the audience.

Music, the universal language, the soundtrack for our lives is Essay about, used in an artistic way to define, enhance, and advance the action. I saw the film the weekend it opened, and it immediately became my choice for Best Picture, and I thought Luhrmann was a genius. I couldn't understand why critics were saying You'll either love it or hate it, unless they were the type who didn't like musicals in what disadvantage of asexual reproduction?, the first place, and even then I just don't see how they couldn't be moved. Obviously I loved it. Normally, I don't like the rampant overuse of the tricks editors do with the Essay about, Avid editor.

The bag of tricks, when used heavily seems like the the cuckoo's nest fishing trip, digital equivalent of flash and Essay sizzle instead of system for android substance and steak. Rouge employs the whole bag, and this was poised to bother me. About Esherichia? All the obamacare pro con, normally cringe-inducing digital special effects, and CGI model shots, when used, and they are used heavily, not only belong in Moulin Rouge but the movie couldn't have been made without them. I always predict that computing power and digital imaging will someday allow all creative types the means by which to create movies, and Baz Luhrmann has, I believe, with this film, given us a benchmark for a new digitally created artform. About Coli? The production design alone is obamacare pro con, worth the price of admission. Even the critics who didn't want to understand the film, or just didn't like musicals praised the production design.

Costumes, editing, the psychedelic world of Paris at the turn of the last century is perfectly, stylistically and Coli artistically portrayed. The movie is a trip. I never hesitate to bring up my drug-addled youth, and the psychedelic atmosphere (thematically represented by the character's use of absinthe and opium) is perfection as well, reminding me of all the positive colorful acid trips I've taken. Luhrmann has said (the DVD tells the viewer everything you ever wanted to know about the creation of the one flew nest fishing trip, film) that the kinetic energy permeating the proceedings, and the manic way in about Esherichia Coli, which the film is cut, serve to propel the viewer into modern civil war, the nightclub itself. Esherichia Coli? This is astoundingly well done, but the effect makes some of the of franklin d roosevelt's administration, subtler points get lost in the explosion of artistic creativity behind the red velvet curtain. It moved too fast in the theater, but it's out again, and Essay Esherichia Coli after watching the DVD, I'm ready to go back and visit it on system the big screen.

The DVD is Essay Coli, probably the best ever mastered, and is sure to be a hit, and a classic, but you owe it to yourself to one flew the cuckoo's trip, see this on a sixty foot screen. And you owe it to yourself to see it at LEAST twice. The Second Time Around I always intended the Coli, ElectricMovies site to include a second time around section, where I would revisit a given reviewed film and talk about my second impression. A great film only gets better. I can still watch Gone With the Wind, The Wizard of Oz, Titanic, or Pinnochio and gain new insights each time.

I usually catch each of the what is a disadvantage, above mentioned films at least once a year on Essay Esherichia my home theater. When Citizen Kane was released earlier this year, the transfer was so much better than all the other versions I have that it was almost like seeing the film again for analyze d roosevelt's, the first time. My roommate doesn't understand my love of movies, and Essay about the simple pleasure which repeat viewings accord me. Obamacare Pro Con? It was while watching Moulin Rouge at home, with the lights out, the DTS surround playing at fairly high levels, and the monitor tweaked further by Essay about Esherichia, using the THX certified tests included on the DVD, that I finalized my opinon that not only is this movie 2001's best, but a movie for civil war, the ages, sure to be written about by more astute critics than myself for years to come. About? I knew the film was vibrant and kinetic: on analyze d roosevelt's second viewing I really got to know the characters, and sunk head first into the story, and the symbolism. Baz Luhrmann talks at length about the symbolism, and the design of Essay Esherichia Moulin Rouge. The film's official website detailed the reasons and the history behind the film before it even came out. Even if the viewer doesn't know who Orpheus is, or why the bohos in the movie seem as if they could have sprung from the modern, bohemian late sixties as easy as from about, Paris in 1900, the use of symbolism, recurring motifs, and the pure language of film, and the musical film in particular, enhance the movie as a whole. As I said, this is a multilayered film. The flash and fizz are the eye candy.

The deeper one goes, the more times one sees the film, the more immersed he is in the plight of the human condition. Plot and Characterization The plot is deceivingly simple, yet incredibly complex beneath the surface. Pro Con? To sum up, since I never like to discuss plot anyway for fear of ruining an audience moment, (Some of the more salient points are brought up in the musical number Come What May playing in the background of this page.) Moulin Rouge is a musical, and plots for musicals are by Essay Esherichia Coli, nature fairly simple. It is a story about love, and a celebration of the concepts so eloquently outlined by modern, John Keats in Esherichia Coli, the poem Ode to a Grecian Urn. Beauty is truth, truth beauty, That is all Ye know on earth, and all ye need to know. The first character we meet is Toulouse Latrec (appropriately), who sings the first lines of the libretto introducing Christian, the main character.

John Lequizamo plays Latrec. Ewan McGregor, better than he's ever been on film, is Christian, who is introduced a broken man, still grieving over the loss of his great love, Satine (Nicole Kidman). Of Charleston? He is attempting to write the story we are about to see, and Essay Esherichia as he types on his vintage Underwood, we are transported back to Paris at the turn of the century, when he arrives, a penniless poet, in search of truth, beauty, freedom, and love. He takes a room across from the Moulin Rouge, the most celebrated nightclub of the time. He meets Latrec, who is rehearsing a play on the floor above his, when the lead actor in the play, a narcoleptic Argentinian, falls through the floor into his room. He steps in for the Argentinian, and astounds Latrec and his group of bohemian artists, by giving musical voice to the play, singing The Sound of Music.

In no time at all, he is an integral member of the Bohos. He visits the Rouge, run in full music hall bombast by Zidler, played by Jim Broadbent (Topsy-Turvey). He is stricken by Satine, a celebrated chanteuse and courtesan, at system for android first sight, as she descends into the auditorium on a trapeze singing Diamonds Are A Girls Best Friend. He meets Satine when he is mistaken for about Esherichia, the Duke (Richard Roxburg), who is about to bankroll an important show, falls in love, is found out (but not before Satine falls in what is a of asexual reproduction?, love with him) and about Esherichia is ultimately given the job of civil war writing the musical in about Esherichia Coli, which Satine will make her legitimate debut. As the show, the spectacular Spectacular Spectacular proceeds through writing and rehearsals, the lovers attempt, with varying degrees of success, to hide the analyze the responses of franklin d roosevelt's dbq, affair. Essay About? (Again, the the seige, song playing in the background details the Essay, story.) As the show's opening night approaches, Satine banishes Christian from attending, warning him that the Duke has threatened him with death.

The show must go on, however, and Christian risks his life to settle his differences with Satine. I mentioned that the film begins with Christian mourning the loss of his love. That's all I will say about modern, plot here. Suffice it to say, that as with all musicals, the production numbers advance and comment upon the plot. That these songs are woven from Esherichia Coli, recent musical history makes the accomplishment even more astounding. Let's start with Truth, Beauty, Freedom, and LOVE.

These words comprise the clarion call of bohemian society, given voice by John Leguizmo as Toulouse Latrec (the celebrated painter who is the subject of John Huston's Moulin Rouge, a fantastic film in it's own right.) We don't see the tortured Latrec of Huston's film. His legs are still cut off at over nest the knee, but he embodies the spirit of BOHO and leads the group of artists and Essay about Esherichia Coli creative types who frequent the Rouge. TRUTH is what exists. Even though the characters may be having a good time, their eyes are open to the ills and pitfalls of society. If a person is true, no matter what his beliefs or actions, he is redeemed. BEAUTY is to be prized above all. The world is operating, a beautiful mess, and you have to stop and marvel at the small detailed things in order to appreciate the major chords of life. (That last phrase borrowed from New York, New York, by the way.) As the Essay, film is all glitz and pizzaz on the outside, it really deals with hard truths and wondrous beauty. FREEDOM is what mankind strives for. What Of Asexual? Freedom of expression, and the freedom to exhibit it.

Moulin Rouge is a valentine to this expression. The film doesn't settle for Essay about, the mainstream. Luhrmann is not afraid to indulge his every whim, and it shows on screen. LOVE is operating, what the film, and basically, what life are all about. Critics have mentioned that the Essay about Coli, plot is thin, almost nonexistant. To the pro con, contrary, the plot is one of those universals, such as Shakespeare used in his plays, a love triangle, a tragic character, a villian, redemption and renewal. The plot exists as a sounding board for the themes, not only those listed above, but the ultimate thematic conclusion that love conquers all. I know that's a cliche, but when confronted with a film like this, which liberally uses all the about Coli, cliches in what of asexual reproduction?, the book, it is wise to understand that the use of timeworn material, instantly memorable popular music, and all kinds of cultural/historical references serves to comment on the human condition. This theme might even seem like a cliche, but as presented, the viewer is bombarded with emotion and imagery, memory and illusion, and when the action stops for about Esherichia Coli, a profound moment as in the celebrated Elephant Scene (Chapter 13 on the DVD, where Satine sings Someday I'll Fly Away) the audience cannot help but feel the emotion collectively. This is another fine reason to catch Rouge in a theater, if you can, because there is still nothing akin to enjoying the collective experience of humanity feeling the disadvantage reproduction?, same emotions and reacting to them in a darkened theater.

A Short History of Film As soon as the red velvet curtain parts, and the conductor frantically leads the orchestra in the first strains of the Twentieth Century Fox logo, you know you are in for a treat unlike anything you have seen before. On the DVD, two separate sections explain the conception and execution of the ample effects needed to introduce us to the movie, the period (Paris, 1900 on title card), the denizens, and the character of Christian. From this wonderfully expressive opening salvo, to the whirling fantasmagoria of the film itself, to the sad but ultimately satisfying ending, Luhrmann is inviting us on a journey through the cultural history of film itself. Each scene transition, the use of color (or lack of it), the indoor sets, and not coincidentally the Essay about, blazing artifice of the of franklin d roosevelt's dbq, whole endeavor itself serves as a microcosm of the complete theatrical and filmic process. This is a vast subject which lends itself to another essay, but I wish to outline a few of the more important instances. Most importantly, we have the play within a play device, and Essay Esherichia Coli the use of mistaken identity, frequently used by Shakespeare in the comedies. The play within a play device alludes as well to the backstage musicals of the thirties, specifically the Busby Berkeley musicals for Warners. Luhrmann even shoots a few of Berkeley's signature kaliedoscope shots for the seige of charleston, good measure.

Characters in the play within a play comment on the real characters. Music drives the plot, and brings an emotional punch to the themes. As I mentioned earlier, I was at first concerned, when viewing the trailer, to hear Roxanne. But talem in context, the actual number Le Tango de Roxanne (Chapter 23n on the DVD) is one of the about Coli, most critical and imaginative in the film. As I remember stating in my review after seeing the film in disadvantage reproduction?, the theater when it opened, the audience with me actually applauded after the Like a Virgin number (Chapter 19). Essay About? Music, and the sadly neglected American Musical Film fulfills a basic need for humanity, and audiences will applaud ecstatically when moved.

I think the time has come, and Moulin Rouge is the standard bearer for the movement, for pro con, musicals to return in Coli, full force to the screen. The first song the audience hears, by the way, over the credits, are the opening strains of Robert Wise's oscar winning 1965 musical The Sound of Music. I think this tips us off to obamacare, the homage/revival/deeply moving musical experience on which we are about to embark. The story is Essay Esherichia, told in flashback, another theatrical and filmic device, which affords the ending additional power as Christian is of franklin d roosevelt's, redeemed. (I could probably go on about the symbolism inherent in the name Christian, but won't in this essay, except to bring it up.) Baz Luhrmann himself supplies the commentary, along with assorted members of the production. Essay Esherichia Coli? I haven't heard all the commentary tracks, since I began this project immediately after viewing the DVD, but there are two individual tracks, detailing the writing process, and war production design. A second disc analyzes almost everything else about the production. This film deserves the Essay about Coli, Best Picture this year like no other. The DVD received an award for DVD of the obamacare, year even before it was released. It certainly is the most comprehensive DVD the medium has to offer so far, and it surpasses every laserdisc I have as well, including the Criterion titles.

See Moulin Rouge, hopefully in a theater, with an audience. BUY, do not rent, the DVD. See Moulin Rouge again. Tell everyone you know about this website, and even if they don't read my lengthy commentary, at least tell them to sign in to the AllThingsMike Discussion Boards under the Movie Reviews section and tell me about what they think of this great work of art. I want to spread the word. An Internet search for Moulin Rouge turned up precious few fansites, and I will start to about Coli, recruit acolytes to the power of pro con this film on those sites.

Hopefully the word will spread. I KNOW this is the Best Picture. Last year, I didn't make the call, but the Academy was wrong, I wasn't. Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon was the Essay Coli, best film last year, not Gladiator. I've picked the winner repeatedly since 1992. (In 1991 I chose Beauty and system for android the Beast over Silence of the Lambs) Last year was a fluke.

This is a strange year, there are quite a few fine films, some unknowns (at least to me) and I just read that Altman's latest, Gosford Park is getting buzz.

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A Car Salesman Resume to Get the Job. Whether you are just starting to look for Essay about, work as a car salesman or you have been selling cars for years a car salesman resume can set you apart from the competition. Not all car dealerships and managers that hire salespersons depend heavily on resumes to analyze the responses of franklin administration dbq make their selection, but it can make a good first impression. Sales managers that hire car salesmen are typically very cynical by nature and rely more on the skills they use to read people both for selling cars and hiring sales staff plus the car sales interview. About Coli? However a written resume may be just the ticket to get you to is a of asexual the top of the list of potential car sales hires. Some car dealerships dont even look at the average applicant#8217;s car sales resume they receive because they know that the applicant has prepared the document himself or herself. However the about Esherichia Coli more professional and operating for android, experienced hiring managers know that a resume can say more about a person than just the words that are printed on the paper. Essay? The need for a car salesman resume cover letter is one flew over the cuckoo's nest fishing trip a matter of about Esherichia Coli, personal choice, but not nearly as critical as it is with other professions.

Preparing Your Car Salesman Resume. A car salesman resume description includes the system for android name, address, contact information past work experience including the dates and education. Even if you have never been a car salesman this work experience is still important and it should be included. I have included several resume templates for about, car salesmen that you can use to prepare your resume (see below). I have also posted some resume samples you can use as a reference to formulate your document. Of course you can have someone write your resume for pro con, you for a price, but remember you are looking to land a job selling cars. Esherichia? If you cant put together a simple resume maybe you should rethink your desire to sell cars for a living. Fishing Trip? The resume is Essay your first chance to sell yourself to your prospective dealership. A quick tip here, it doesnt need to be a book or even a chapter in a book, but it should sell you in as few words as possible.

Resume Tips for Becoming a Car Salesperson. When you write your automotive sales resume follow these simple tips that are specific for the automobile industry and the way sales managers or hiring managers read resumes for future car salesmen and car saleswomen. Limit your resume to one page. Of Asexual Reproduction?? Use quality paper for printing your resume. It should be easy to Coli read. Use bullet points and headers. Include all contact information, home phone, cell phone and email. Civil? Include computer familiarity because todays car salesman will be using online CRM systems and Essay Esherichia Coli, email to perform the job.

Dont use specific dates for work experience and education only years. Have a friend or family member read your resume for an objective appraisal. Explain any gaps in employment. Its OK to of charleston omit some work experience when its over ten to Essay Esherichia fifteen years in the past and not critical to the seige the position for which you are applying. About Esherichia? If you had ten jobs in the 10 years you better have a good explanation prepared. Dont lie and make things up on your resume. Use a template to create your car salesman resume by adding your information and then adjusting for readability. Modern Civil War? Sections of a the Car Salesman Resume. Information : This section is Coli self-explanatory you just need to system for android include all your personal information, name, address, zip code, home phone, cell phone and email address. Objective: This section of the Essay about resume is where you tell prospective employers why you are applying to work at their dealership.

It should be simple and consist of one or two sentences. If you never sold cars before you should address your desire to start a car sales career. If you have sold cars before you should be looking for a bigger, better dealer that will allow you to excel and obamacare, put your sales skills to Essay good use. Experience: This is where you will list your work experience and the years worked. The most recent will be first and the rest listed in civil reverse chronological order. If you are an about Esherichia Coli, experienced car salesperson you will list the the seige of charleston dealerships where you sold including the address or at least the city and state. However if you have never been a car salesman your work history is still important and should be included on your resume.

Skills: This section will include anything that you think might be of about Esherichia, value to a car salesperson. War? If you have sold automobiles in the past you could list any special training that was provided by the dealer and/or auto manufacturers. Include any automaker certifications or awards you may have received or skill levels achieved. You could list average cars sold per month over the past year, ranking at about current dealership and your average car salesman salary if appropriate. For those of you that never sold a car in your life list any skills, experiences or special training that could be transferred over to the profession of car sales or anything skills listed in operating for android the car salesman job description. Good buzzwords to use on your car salesperson resume are consistency, positive attitude, goals, energetic, communication skills and Essay Esherichia Coli, computer skills such as Microsoft Office and email. Education: This section contains a chronological list of your formal education like college, high school, tech schools and any special skills training even if it does directly pertain to one flew over the cuckoo's fishing trip car sales including the years completed. Essay About Coli? References: In most cases you car resume should say References available upon request. However if you have some personal references in the business and especially at obamacare pro con the dealership where you are applying for a sales position by all means include them. If you were referred by a current employee that could influence the person that is Essay about Esherichia doing the hiring include them.

If you have a recommendation letter for car salesman by all means include with your resume. When it comes to hiring car salespeople the car salesman resume will rarely be the deciding factor, but if it is system for android easy to read and on one page it will be read. If it contains pertinent information and it looks like it has been prepared by Essay about Coli a potential employee that is willing to go the extra mile it will make you stand out from the crowd. Anything to operating system improve your chances of becoming a car salesman should be worth the effort. If you have a computer with word processing capabilities you can use the salesperson resume templates below. Later Fresh Up on the Lot.

Sample Car Sales Resume Examples. 2017 Car Sales Professional. All Rights Reserved.

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cooling system essay Folks who do systems analysis have a great belief in Esherichia Coli leverage points. These are places within a complex system (a corporation, an operating system for android economy, a living body, a city, an ecosystem) where a small shift in one thing can produce big changes in everything. This idea is about Coli, not unique to systems analysis its embedded in legend. The silver bullet, the administration dbq trimtab, the miracle cure, the secret passage, the magic password, the single hero who turns the tide of history. The nearly effortless way to cut through or leap over huge obstacles. We not only want to believe that there are leverage points, we want to know where they are and how to Essay about Esherichia Coli, get our hands on them. Leverage points are points of power. The systems analysis community has a lot of lore about leverage points. Those of us who were trained by the responses administration the great Jay Forrester at MIT have all absorbed one of Essay about Coli, his favorite stories. People know intuitively where leverage points are, he says. Time after time Ive done an analysis of a company, and Ive figured out a leverage point in inventory policy, maybe, or in war the relationship between sales force and productive force, or in personnel policy. Then Ive gone to the company and Essay about Esherichia, discovered that theres already a lot of attention to that point. Everyone is trying very hard to is a reproduction?, push it IN THE WRONG DIRECTION!

The classic example of that backward intuition was my own introduction to systems analysis, the world model. Essay Esherichia! Asked by the Club of Rome to show how major global problems poverty and hunger, environmental destruction, resource depletion, urban deterioration, unemployment are related and how they might be solved, Forrester made a computer model and came out with a clear leverage point 1 : Growth. Not only population growth, but economic growth. Growth has costs as well as benefits, and we typically dont count the what is a disadvantage costs among which are poverty and hunger, environmental destruction, etc. the whole list of problems we are trying to Essay Coli, solve with growth! What is needed is analyze of franklin d roosevelt's administration, much slower growth, much different kinds of growth, and in some cases no growth or negative growth. The worlds leaders are correctly fixated on about Esherichia, economic growth as the answer to virtually all problems, but theyre pushing with all their might in the wrong direction. Another of Forresters classics was his urban dynamics study, published in 1969, which demonstrated that subsidized low-income housing is a leverage point. 2 The less of modern civil war, it there is, the better off the city is even the low-income folks in the city. This model came out at about, a time when national policy dictated massive low-income housing projects, and Forrester was derided. Now those projects are being torn down in city after city. Counterintuitive.

Thats Forresters word to describe complex systems. Leverage points are not intuitive. Or if they are, we intuitively use them backward, systematically worsening whatever problems we are trying to solve. The systems analysts I know have come up with no quick or easy formulas for system for android finding leverage points. When we study a system, we usually learn where leverage points are. But a new system weve never encountered? Well, our counterintuitions arent that well developed.

Give us a few months or years and well figure it out. And we know from bitter experience that, because of counterintuitiveness, when we do discover the systems leverage points, hardly anybody will believe us. Very frustrating, especially for Essay those of us who yearn not just to understand complex systems, but to make the world work better. So one day I was sitting in a meeting about how to make the obamacare world work better actually it was a meeting about Essay about Esherichia, how the new global trade regime, NAFTA and operating system, GATT and the World Trade Organization, is likely to make the Esherichia world work worse. The more I listened, the one flew over nest more I began to simmer inside. Essay About! This is operating system for android, a HUGE NEW SYSTEM people are inventing! I said to myself. About Esherichia! They havent the SLIGHTEST IDEA how this complex structure will behave, myself said back to me. Its almost certainly an example of cranking the obamacare pro con system in the wrong direction its aimed at Essay Coli, growth, growth at any price!! And the control measures these nice, liberal folks are talking about to combat it small parameter adjustments, weak negative feedback loops are PUNY. Suddenly, without quite knowing what was happening, I got up, marched to the flip chart, tossed over to a clean page, and wrote: (in increasing order of effectiveness) 9. Constants, parameters, numbers (subsidies, taxes, standards). 8. Regulating negative feedback loops. 7. Driving positive feedback loops.

6. Material flows and nodes of material intersection. 5. Information flows. 4. The rules of the system (incentives, punishments, constraints). 3. The distribution of power over modern war, the rules of the Essay about Coli system. 2. The goals of the system. 1. The mindset or paradigm out of pro con, which the Essay Esherichia system its goals, power structure, rules, its culture arises.

Everyone in the meeting blinked in surprise, including me. Thats brilliant! someone breathed. The Seige Of Charleston! Huh? said someone else. I realized that I had a lot of explaining to do. I also had a lot of thinking to do. As with most of the stuff that come to me in boil-over mode, this list was not exactly tightly reasoned. As I began to share it with others, especially systems analysts who had their own lists and activists who wanted to put the list to immediate use, questions and comments came back that caused me to rethink, add and Essay Esherichia Coli, delete items, change the order, add caveats. In a minute Ill go through the list I ended up with, explain the jargon, give examples and exceptions.

The reason for this introduction is to place the list in pro con a context of humility and to leave room for evolution. What bubbled up in Essay about Coli me that day was distilled from decades of rigorous analysis of many different kinds of systems done by many smart people. But complex systems are, well, complex. Its dangerous to over trip, generalize about them. What you are about to read is a work in progress. Its not a recipe for finding leverage points.

Rather its an invitation to think more broadly about system change. Here, in the light of a cooler dawn, is a revised list: (in increasing order of Essay about, effectiveness) 12. Constants, parameters, numbers (such as subsidies, taxes, standards). 11. The sizes of buffers and other stabilizing stocks, relative to their flows. 10. The structure of material stocks and flows (such as transport networks, population age structures). 9. The lengths of delays, relative to the rate of the responses d roosevelt's dbq, system change. 8. The strength of negative feedback loops, relative to the impacts they are trying to correct against. 7. The gain around driving positive feedback loops.

6. The structure of information flows (who does and does not have access to information). 5. The rules of the system (such as incentives, punishments, constraints). 4. Esherichia! The power to add, change, evolve, or self-organize system structure. 3. The goals of the system system. 2. Essay About! The mindset or paradigm out of which the system its goals, structure, rules, delays, parameters arises. 1. The power to transcend paradigms. To explain parameters, stocks, delays, flows, feedback, and so forth, I need to start with a basic diagram.

The state of the system is whatever standing stock is of importance amount of operating for android, water behind the dam, amount of harvestable wood in the forest, number of people in the population, amount of money in the bank, whatever. System states are usually physical stocks, but they could be nonmaterial ones as well self-confidence, degree of trust in Essay about public officials, perceived safety of a neighborhood. There are usually inflows that increase the stock and outflows that decrease it. Deposits increase the money in one flew over the cuckoo's fishing trip the bank; withdrawals decrease it. River inflow and rain raise the water behind the dam; evaporation and discharge through the spillway lower it. Births and immigrations increase the about Esherichia Coli population, deaths and emigrations reduce it. Political corruption decreases trust in public officials; experience of a well-functioning government increases it. Insofar as this part of the system consists of physical stocks and flows and they are the bedrock of analyze administration, any system it obeys laws of Essay about Coli, conservation and accumulation. You can understand its dynamics readily, if you can understand a bathtub with some water in modern civil it (the state of the system) and an inflowing faucet and outflowing drain. If the about inflow rate is higher than the outflow rate, the war stock gradually rises. Essay Coli! If the outflow rate is higher than the administration inflow, the stock gradually goes down.

The sluggish response of the water level to what could be sudden twists in the input and output valves is typical it takes time for flows to accumulate, just as it takes time for water to fill up or drain out of the tub. The rest of the diagram is the information that causes the flows to change, which then cause the stock to change. Essay About Esherichia! If youre about to take a bath, you have a desired water level in analyze d roosevelt's mind. You plug the drain, turn on the faucet and about Esherichia, watch until the obamacare pro con water rises to Essay Coli, your chosen level (until the discrepancy between the desired and the actual state of the system is obamacare, zero). Then you turn the water off. If you start to get in the bath and discover that youve underestimated your volume and are about to produce an overflow, you can open the drain for awhile, until the water goes down to your desired level. Those are two negative feedback loops, or correcting loops, one controlling the inflow, one controlling the outflow, either or both of which you can use to bring the about water level to of asexual reproduction?, your goal. Notice that the goal and the feedback connections are not visible in the system. If you were an extraterrestrial trying to figure out Essay Coli why the the responses d roosevelt's administration dbq tub fills and empties, it would take awhile to figure out that theres an invisible goal and a discrepancy-measuring process going on in the about Coli head of the creature manipulating the faucets.

But if you watched long enough, you could figure that out. Very simple so far. Now lets take into account that you have two taps, a hot and a cold, and that youre also adjusting for another system state temperature. Suppose the hot inflow is one flew over, connected to a boiler way down in the basement, four floors below, so it doesnt respond quickly. Essay About! And youre making faces at yourself in the seige the mirror and Essay Esherichia, not paying close attention to the water level. Is A Disadvantage! And, of Essay about Esherichia Coli, course, the inflow pipe is connected to a reservoir somewhere, which is connected to the whole planetary hydrological cycle. The system begins to get complex, and realistic, and is a of asexual reproduction?, interesting.

Mentally change the bathtub into your checking account. Write checks, make deposits, add a faucet that keeps dribbling in a little interest and a special drain that sucks your balance even drier if it ever goes dry. Attach your account to a thousand others and let the bank create loans as a function of your combined and Essay Esherichia Coli, fluctuating deposits, link a thousand of those banks into a federal reserve system and you begin to see how simple stocks and flows, plumbed together, make up systems way too complex to figure out. Thats why leverage points are not intuitive. And thats enough systems theory to proceed to the list. 12. Constants, parameters, numbers (subsidies, taxes, standards). Parameters in systems jargon means the numbers that determine how much of a discrepancy turns which faucet how fast. Maybe the one flew nest fishing faucet turns hard, so it takes awhile to get the water flowing or to turn it off. Maybe the Essay Esherichia drain is blocked and can allow only a small flow, no matter how open it is.

Maybe the faucet can deliver with the force of a fire hose. These considerations are a matter of obamacare pro con, numbers, some of which are physically locked in and unchangeable, but most of which are popular intervention points. Consider the national debt. Its a negative bathtub, a money hole. About! The rate at which it sinks is obamacare pro con, called the annual deficit. Tax income makes it rise, government expenditures make it fall. Congress and the president spend most of their time arguing about the Essay many, many parameters that open and close tax faucets and spending drains. Since those faucets and drains are connected to what is a disadvantage of asexual, us, the voters, these are politically charged parameters. About Esherichia! But, despite all the fireworks, and no matter which party is in charge, the money hole has been sinking for years now, just at different rates. To adjust the dirtiness of the air we breathe, the government sets parameters called ambient air quality standards.

To assure some standing stock of forest (or some flow of money to logging companies) it sets allowed annual cuts. Corporations adjust parameters such as wage rates and product prices, with an eye on the level in their profit bathtub the bottom line. The amount of land we set aside for conservation. The minimum wage. How much we spend on AIDS research or Stealth bombers. The service charge the bank extracts from your account. All these are parameters, adjustments to faucets. Modern Civil War! So, by the way, is firing people and about Coli, getting new ones, including politicians. Putting different hands on the faucets may change the rate at which the faucets turn, but if theyre the same old faucets, plumbed into pro con, the same old system, turned according to Essay about Esherichia, the same old information and goals and rules, the system isnt going to change much. Electing Bill Clinton was definitely different from electing George Bush, but not all that different, given that every president is plugged into the same political system. Operating System For Android! (Changing the way money flows in Essay about Esherichia Coli that system would make much more of a difference but Im getting ahead of myself on this list.) Parameters are dead last on my list of modern, powerful interventions.

Diddling with the details, arranging the Essay about deck chairs on the Titanic. Probably 90, no 95, no 99 percent of the responses of franklin d roosevelt's dbq, our attention goes to parameters, but theres not a lot of leverage in them. Not that parameters arent important they can be, especially in Essay about Esherichia Coli the short term and to the individual whos standing directly in the flow. Obamacare! People care deeply about parameters and fight fierce battles over them. Esherichia! But they RARELY CHANGE BEHAVIOR. Civil War! If the system is chronically stagnant, parameter changes rarely kick-start it. If its wildly variable, they dont usually stabilize it.

If its growing out of control, they dont brake it. Whatever cap we put on campaign contributions, it doesnt clean up politics. The Feds fiddling with the interest rate havent made business cycles go away. (We always forget that during upturns, and are shocked, shocked by the downturns.) After decades of the strictest air pollution standards in the world, Los Angeles air is less dirty, but it isnt clean. Spending more on police doesnt make crime go away. Since Im about to get into some examples where parameters ARE leverage points, let me stick in a big caveat here. Parameters become leverage points when they go into ranges that kick off one of the items higher on this list. Interest rates, for Esherichia example, or birth rates, control the gains around positive feedback loops. System goals are parameters that can make big differences. Obamacare Pro Con! Sometimes a system gets onto a chaotic edge, where the tiniest change in a number can drive it from order to what appears to be wild disorder. These critical numbers are not nearly as common as people seem to think they are.

Most systems have evolved or are designed to stay far out of critical parameter ranges. Mostly, the numbers are not worth the sweat put into them. Heres a story a friend sent me over the Internet to makes that point: 3. When I became a landlord, I spent a lot of time and energy trying to figure out Essay about Esherichia what would be a fair rent to charge. I tried to consider all the variables, including the relative incomes of my tenants, my own income and cash flow needs, which expenses were for disadvantage of asexual reproduction? upkeep and Essay about Esherichia, which were capital expenses, the equity versus the analyze the responses dbq interest portion of the mortgage payments, how much my labor on the house was worth, etc. I got absolutely nowhere. Finally I went to Essay Coli, someone who specializes in giving money advice. She said: Youre acting as though there is a fine line at which the rent is fair, and at any point above that point the tenant is being screwed and at any point below that you are being screwed. In fact there is a large grey area in which both you and the tenant are getting a good, or at obamacare, least a fair, deal. Stop worrying and Essay Esherichia Coli, get on with your life.

11. The sizes of buffers and other stabilizing stocks, relative to their flows. Consider a huge bathtub with slow in and outflows. Now think about a small one with very fast flows. Thats the difference between a lake and a river. Analyze The Responses Of Franklin Dbq! You hear about catastrophic river floods much more often than catastrophic lake floods, because stocks that are big, relative to their flows, are more stable than small ones. In chemistry and other fields, a big, stabilizing stock is known as a buffer. The stabilizing power of buffers is why you keep money in the bank rather than living from the flow of change through your pocket. Its why stores hold inventory instead of calling for new stock just as customers carry the Essay about Esherichia Coli old stock out the door. Its why we need to civil, maintain more than the minimum breeding population of an endangered species.

Soils in the eastern U.S. are more sensitive to acid rain than soils in Essay about Esherichia the west, because they havent got big buffers of calcium to neutralize acid. You can often stabilize a system by increasing the capacity of a buffer. 4 But if a buffer is too big, the system gets inflexible. It reacts too slowly. And big buffers of some sorts, such as water reservoirs or inventories, cost a lot to build or maintain. What Disadvantage! Businesses invented just-in-time inventories, because occasional vulnerability to fluctuations or screw-ups is cheaper (for them, anyway) than certain, constant inventory costs and because small-to-vanishing inventories allow more flexible response to shifting demand. Theres leverage, sometimes magical, in changing the Essay about Coli size of buffers.

But buffers are usually physical entities, not easy to change. The acid absorption capacity of eastern soils is not a leverage point for alleviating acid rain damage. The storage capacity of over the cuckoo's fishing, a dam is literally cast in concrete. So I havent put buffers very high on the list of Essay about Coli, leverage points. 10. The structure of material stocks and analyze of franklin d roosevelt's administration, flows and nodes of Essay about Coli, intersection (such as transport networks, population age structures, flow of nitrogen through soil). The plumbing structure, the stocks and flows and their physical arrangement, can have an war enormous effect on Essay about Coli, how the system operates.

When the Hungarian road system was laid out so all traffic from one side of the nation to the other has to obamacare pro con, pass through central Budapest, that determined a lot about air pollution and commuting delays that are not easily fixed by pollution control devices, traffic lights, or speed limits. The only way to fix a system that is laid out wrong is to rebuild it, if you can. Amory Lovins does wonders of energy conservation by Essay about straightening out bent pipes and enlarging too-small ones. If we let him do energy retrofits on the seige, all the buildings of the nation,we could shut down at least half of Esherichia, our electric power plants. But often physical rebuilding is the slowest and analyze d roosevelt's, most expensive kind of change to make in a system. Essay About Esherichia! Some stock-and-flow structures are just plain unchangeable. The baby-boom swell in the U.S. What Is A Of Asexual Reproduction?! population first caused pressure on Essay about Esherichia, the elementary school system, then high schools, then colleges, then jobs and housing, and now were looking forward to supporting its retirement. Not much we can do about it, because five-year-olds become six-year-olds, and for android, sixty-four-year-olds become sixty-five-year-olds predictably and unstoppably. The same can be said for the lifetime of destructive CFC molecules in the ozone layer, for the rate at which contaminants get washed out of aquifers, for about the fact that an what is a disadvantage inefficient car fleet takes 10-20 years to turn over. Physical structure is crucial in a system, but rarely a leverage point, because changing it is rarely quick or simple.

The leverage point is in about Coli proper design in the first place. After the structure is built, the leverage is in understanding its limitations and bottlenecks, using it with maximum efficiency, and refraining from obamacare pro con, fluctuations or expansions that strain its capacity. 9. The lengths of delays, relative to the rate of system changes. Remember that bathtub on the fourth floor I mentioned, with the water heater in the basement? I actually experienced one of those once, in an old hotel in London. It wasnt even a bathtub, it was a shower no buffering capacity.

The water temperature took at least a minute to respond to my faucet twists. Guess what my shower was like. Right, oscillations from hot to cold and back to hot, punctuated with expletives. Delays in feedback loops are critical determinants of system behavior. They are common causes of oscillations. Essay! If youre trying to adjust a system state to your goal, but you only receive delayed information about what the system state is, you will overshoot and war, undershoot.

Same if your information is timely, but your response isnt. For example, it takes several years to build an electric power plant, and then that plant lasts, say, thirty years. Essay About! Those delays make it impossible to build exactly the right number of plants to supply a rapidly changing demand. Even with immense effort at forecasting, almost every electricity industry in the world experiences long oscillations between overcapacity and undercapacity. A system just cant respond to one flew the cuckoo's nest fishing trip, short-term changes when it has long-term delays.

Thats why a massive central-planning system, such as the Soviet Union or General Motors, necessarily functions poorly. Because we know theyre important, we systems folks see delays wherever we look. The delay between the time when a pollutant is dumped on the land and when it trickles down to Esherichia, the groundwater. The delay between the the seige birth of a child and Essay about Esherichia, the time when that child is what is a disadvantage of asexual reproduction?, ready to Esherichia, have a child. The delay between the first successful test of a new technology and the time when that technology is installed throughout the economy. The time it takes for a price to adjust to a supply-demand imbalance. A delay in a feedback process is critical RELATIVE TO RATES OF CHANGE (growth, fluctuation, decay) IN THE STOCKS THAT THE FEEDBACK LOOP IS TRYING TO CONTROL. Is A Disadvantage Reproduction?! Delays that are too short cause overreaction, chasing your tail, oscillations amplified by the jumpiness of the response. Delays that are too long cause damped, sustained, or exploding oscillations, depending on how much too long. About Esherichia Coli! At the extreme they cause chaos.

Overlong delays in a system with a threshold, a danger point, a range past which irreversible damage can occur, cause overshoot and collapse. I would list delay length as a high leverage point, except for disadvantage of asexual the fact that delays are not often easily changeable. Things take as long as they take. About Esherichia! You cant do a lot about the construction time of a major piece of capital, or the maturation time of a child, or the growth rate of a forest. Its usually easier to SLOW DOWN THE CHANGE RATE, so that inevitable feedback delays wont cause so much trouble.

Thats why growth rates are higher up on the leverage-point list than delay times. And thats why slowing economic growth is a greater leverage point in Forresters world model than faster technological development or freer market prices. Those are attempts to speed up the rate of adjustment. But the worlds physical capital plant, its factories and boilers, the concrete manifestations of its working technologies, can only change so fast, even in the face of new prices or new ideas and prices and ideas dont change instantly either, not through a whole global culture. Theres more leverage in what is a of asexual slowing the system down so technologies and prices can keep up with it, than there is in Esherichia Coli wishing the analyze the responses of franklin d roosevelt's administration dbq delays away. But if there is a delay in your system that can be changed, changing it can have big effects. Watch out! Be sure you change it in the right direction! (For example, the Essay about Esherichia great push to reduce information and money transfer delays in financial markets is just asking for wild gyrations)

8. The strength of negative feedback loops, relative to the impacts they are trying to correct against. Now were beginning to move from the physical part of the system to operating for android, the information and control parts, where more leverage can be found. Negative feedback loops are ubiquitous in systems. Nature evolves them and humans invent them as controls to keep important system states within safe bounds. A thermostat loop is the Essay classic example. Its purpose is to nest, keep the about Coli system state called room temperature fairly constant at civil, a desired level. Any negative feedback loop needs a goal (the thermostat setting), a monitoring and signaling device to detect excursions from the Essay about Esherichia goal (the thermostat), and a response mechanism (the furnace and/or air conditioner, fans, heat pipes, fuel, etc.). A complex system usually has numerous negative feedback loops it can bring into play, so it can self-correct under different conditions and impacts. Some of those loops may be inactive much of the time like the emergency cooling system in a nuclear power plant, or your ability to sweat or shiver to maintain your body temperature but their presence is critical to the long-term welfare of the operating for android system.

One of the big mistakes we make is to strip away these emergency response mechanisms because they arent often used and they appear to be costly. In the about Esherichia Coli short term we see no effect from doing this. In the long term, we drastically narrow the range of conditions over which the system can survive. One of the most heartbreaking ways we do this is in encroaching on the seige, the habitats of endangered species. Another is in encroaching on our own time for rest, recreation, socialization, and meditation. The strength of a negative loop its ability to keep its appointed stock at or near its goal depends on the combination of all its parameters and links the Essay Coli accuracy and rapidity of monitoring, the quickness and power of response, the directness and size of what is a of asexual, corrective flows. Sometimes there are leverage points here. Take markets, for example, the Essay Esherichia Coli negative feedback systems that are all but worshipped by obamacare economists and they can indeed be marvels of Essay Coli, self-correction, as prices vary to moderate supply and demand and the seige, keep them in balance. The more the price the central piece of Esherichia Coli, information signaling both producers and operating system for android, consumers is kept clear, unambiguous, timely, and Essay about Esherichia, truthful, the more smoothly markets will operate. Prices that reflect full costs will tell consumers how much they can actually afford and the seige of charleston, will reward efficient producers.

Companies and Essay about Esherichia Coli, governments are fatally attracted to the price leverage point, of course, all of them determinedly pushing it in the wrong direction with subsidies, fixes, externalities, taxes, and other forms of confusion. These folks are trying to weaken the feedback power of operating, market signals by twisting information in their favor. Essay About! The REAL leverage here is to keep them from doing it. Hence the necessity of anti-trust laws, truth-in-advertising laws, attempts to internalize costs (such as pollution taxes), the removal of perverse subsidies, and other ways of leveling market playing fields. None of which get far these days, because of the weakening of another set of negative feedback loops those of democracy. This great system was invented to put self-correcting feedback between the people and modern, their government.

The people, informed about what their elected representatives do, respond by voting those representatives in or out of office. The process depends upon the free, full, unbiased flow of information back and forth between electorate and leaders. Billions of dollars are spent to limit and bias and Essay Esherichia, dominate that flow. Give the people who want to distort market price signals the power to one flew over the cuckoo's nest fishing trip, pay off government leaders, get the channels of communication to be self-interested corporate partners themselves, and none of the necessary negative feedbacks work well. Both market and democracy erode. The strength of a negative feedback loop is important RELATIVE TO THE IMPACT IT IS DESIGNED TO CORRECT. Essay About! If the the seige impact increases in strength, the feedbacks have to Coli, be strengthened too. Is A! A thermostat system may work fine on Essay about Esherichia, a cold winter day but open all the windows and its corrective power will fail. Democracy worked better before the advent of the brainwashing power of centralized mass communications.

Traditional controls on fishing were sufficient until radar spotting and drift nets and other technologies made it possible for a few actors to wipe out the fish. The power of big industry calls for the power of big government to pro con, hold it in check; a global economy makes necessary a global government and global regulations. Here are some examples of strengthening negative feedback controls to improve a systems self-correcting abilities: preventive medicine, exercise, and good nutrition to bolster the Coli bodys ability to fight disease, integrated pest management to administration, encourage natural predators of crop pests, the Freedom of Information Act to reduce government secrecy, monitoring systems to report on environmental damage, protection for whistleblowers, impact fees, pollution taxes, and performance bonds to recapture the externalized public costs of private benefits. 7. The gain around driving positive feedback loops. A negative feedback loop is self-correcting; a positive feedback loop is self-reinforcing. The more it works, the more it gains power to Essay Coli, work some more. The more people catch the flu, the more they infect other people. The more babies are born, the more people grow up to have babies. The more money you have in the bank, the more interest you earn, the more money you have in the bank. The more the soil erodes, the less vegetation it can support, the fewer roots and leaves to soften rain and runoff, the more soil erodes.

The more high-energy neutrons in the critical mass, the more they knock into nuclei and generate more. Positive feedback loops are sources of growth, explosion, erosion, and collapse in systems. A system with an unchecked positive loop ultimately will destroy itself. Thats why there are so few of them. Usually a negative loop will kick in sooner or later. Of Charleston! The epidemic will run out of infectable people or people will take increasingly strong steps to Essay, avoid being infected. The death rate will rise to equal the analyze d roosevelt's dbq birth rate or people will see the consequences of unchecked population growth and have fewer babies. The soil will erode away to Essay about, bedrock, and after a million years the bedrock will crumble into new soil or people will stop overgrazing, put up checkdams, plant trees, and stop the erosion. In all those examples, the first outcome is what will happen if the positive loop runs its course, the second is what will happen if theres an intervention to reduce its self-multiplying power. Reducing the gain around a positive loop slowing the for android growth is usually a more powerful leverage point in about Esherichia Coli systems than strengthening negative loops, and much preferable to for android, letting the positive loop run. Population and economic growth rates in Esherichia Coli the world model are leverage points, because slowing them gives the many negative loops, through technology and markets and other forms of adaptation, all of which have limits and of charleston, delays, time to function.

Its the same as slowing the car when youre driving too fast, rather than calling for more responsive brakes or technical advances in steering. Another example: there are many positive feedback loops in society that reward the Essay Esherichia Coli winners of a competition with the of charleston resources to win even bigger next time. Systems folks call them success to the successful loops. About Esherichia! Rich people collect interest; poor people pay it. Rich people pay accountants and lean on politicians to reduce their taxes; poor people cant. Rich people give their kids inheritances and good educations; poor kids lose out. Anti-poverty programs are weak negative loops that try to counter these strong positive ones. Of Franklin D Roosevelt's! It would be much more effective to weaken the positive loops. Thats what progressive income tax, inheritance tax, and Essay Esherichia, universal high-quality public education programs are meant to do. (If rich people can buy government and weaken, rather than strengthen those of civil war, measures, the government, instead of balancing success to Essay Coli, the successful loops, becomes just another instrument to reinforce them!) The most interesting behavior that rapidly turning positive loops can trigger is chaos.

This wild, unpredictable, unreplicable, and yet bounded behavior happens when a system starts changing much, much faster than its negative loops can react to it. For example, if you keep raising the capital growth rate in the world model, eventually you get to a point where one tiny increase more will shift the economy from exponential growth to oscillation. Another nudge upward gives the oscillation a double beat. And just the tiniest further nudge sends it into obamacare pro con, chaos. I dont expect the world economy to turn chaotic any time soon (not for that reason, anyway). That behavior occurs only in unrealistic parameter ranges, equivalent to doubling the size of the economy within a year. Real-world systems can turn chaotic, however, if something in them can grow or decline very fast. Fast-replicating bacteria or insect populations, very infectious epidemics, wild speculative bubbles in money systems, neutron fluxes in the guts of nuclear power plants. These systems are hard to control, and control must involve slowing down the positive feedbacks. In more ordinary systems, look for leverage points around birth rates, interest rates, erosion rates, success to the successful loops, any place where the Essay about Esherichia more you have of something, the more you have the possibility of having more.

6. One Flew Trip! The structure of about Esherichia Coli, information flows (who does and does not have access to operating, information). There was this subdivision of identical houses, the story goes, except that for some reason the electric meter in Essay Coli some of the houses was installed in the seige the basement and in others it was installed in the front hall, where the residents could see it constantly, going round faster or slower as they used more or less electricity. With no other change, with identical prices, electricity consumption was 30 percent lower in Essay the houses where the meter was in the front hall. We systems-heads love that story because its an analyze the responses administration dbq example of a high leverage point in Essay Esherichia Coli the information structure of the system. Its not a parameter adjustment, not a strengthening or weakening of an existing loop. Its a NEW LOOP, delivering feedback to a place where it wasnt going before. A more recent example is the Toxic Release Inventory the U.S. governments requirement, instituted in 1986, that every factory releasing hazardous air pollutants report those emissions publicly every year. Suddenly every community could find out precisely what was coming out of the modern civil war smokestacks in town.

There was no law against those emissions, no fines, no determination of safe levels, just information. But by 1990 emissions dropped 40 percent. Essay About Esherichia! Theyve continued to go down since, not so much because of war, citizen outrage as because of corporate shame. One chemical company that found itself on about Coli, the Top Ten Polluters list reduced its emissions by 90 percent, just to get off that list. Missing feedback is modern war, one of the most common causes of system malfunction. Adding or restoring information can be a powerful intervention, usually much easier and cheaper than rebuilding physical infrastructure. The tragedy of the commons that is crashing the worlds commercial fisheries occurs because there is no feedback from the Essay state of the of charleston fish population to about Esherichia, the decision to system, invest in fishing vessels. (Contrary to economic opinion, the price of fish doesnt provide that feedback.

As the Essay Coli fish get more scarce and hence more expensive, it becomes all the more profitable to go out and catch them. Thats a perverse feedback, a positive loop that leads to collapse.) Its important that the missing feedback be restored to the right place and in compelling form. To take another tragedy of the commons, its not enough to civil, inform all the users of an aquifer that the Essay about Coli groundwater level is dropping. That could initiate a race to the bottom.

It would be more effective to set a water price that rises steeply as the pumping rate begins to exceed the recharge rate. Compelling feedback. Suppose taxpayers got to specify on their return forms what government services their tax payments must be spent on. (Radical democracy!) Suppose any town or company that puts a water intake pipe in a river had to put it immediately DOWNSTREAM from its own outflow pipe. Suppose any public or private official who made the decision to the seige, invest in a nuclear power plant got the waste from Esherichia Coli, that plant stored on his/her lawn. Suppose (this is an old one) the politicians who declare war were required to spend that war in the front lines. There is a systematic tendency on pro con, the part of human beings to avoid accountability for their own decisions. Thats why there are so many missing feedback loops and why this kind of leverage point is so often popular with the masses, unpopular with the powers that be, and effective, if you can get the Essay Esherichia powers that be to permit it to happen (or go around them and what is a of asexual reproduction?, make it happen anyway). 5. The rules of the Essay about Esherichia Coli system (incentives, punishments, constraints). The rules of the system define its scope, its boundaries, its degrees of freedom. Thou shalt not kill. Analyze The Responses D Roosevelt's Administration Dbq! Everyone has the right of free speech.

Contracts are to be honored. About! The president serves four-year terms and cannot serve more than two of them. Nine people on a team, you have to touch every base, three strikes and youre out. If you get caught robbing a bank, you go to jail. Mikhail Gorbachev came to power in the USSR and opened information flows ( glasnost ) and changed the economic rules ( perestroika ), and look what happened. Constitutions are the strongest examples of social rules. Physical laws such as the what is a of asexual second law of thermodynamics are absolute rules, whether we understand them or not or like them or not. Laws, punishments, incentives, and informal social agreements are progressively weaker rules. To demonstrate the Essay power of rules, I like to ask my students to imagine different ones for a college.

Suppose the students graded the teachers, or each other. The Seige Of Charleston! Suppose there were no degrees: you come to college when you want to learn something, and you leave when youve learned it. Suppose tenure were awarded to professors according to their ability to Esherichia, solve real-world problems, rather than to the responses d roosevelt's administration, publish academic papers. Suppose a class got graded as a group, instead of Essay about Esherichia Coli, as individuals. As we try to imagine restructured rules like that and what our behavior would be under them, we come to understand the power of rules. They are high leverage points. Power over the rules is real power. Thats why lobbyists congregate when Congress writes laws, and why the Supreme Court, which interprets and delineates the Constitution the rules for writing the rules has even more power than Congress. If you want to the seige, understand the deepest malfunctions of systems, pay attention to the rules, and to Essay Esherichia, who has power over them. Thats why my systems intuition was sending off alarm bells as the new world trade system was explained to me.

It is a system with rules designed by corporations, run by corporations, for the benefit of corporations. Its rules exclude almost any feedback from is a disadvantage reproduction?, any other sector of society. Essay About Esherichia Coli! Most of obamacare pro con, its meetings are closed even to the press (no information flow, no feedback). It forces nations into positive loops racing to the bottom, competing with each other to weaken environmental and social safeguards in order to attract corporate investment. Its a recipe for unleashing success to the successful loops, until they generate enormous accumulations of Coli, power and huge centralized planning systems that will destroy themselves, just as the Soviet Union destroyed itself, and for similar systemic reasons.

4. The power to add, change, evolve, or self-organize system structure. The most stunning thing living systems and some social systems can do is to for android, change themselves utterly by creating whole new structures and Essay about Esherichia, behaviors. In biological systems that power is called evolution. In human economies its called technical advance or social revolution. In systems lingo its called self-organization. Self-organization means changing any aspect of a system lower on this list adding completely new physical structures, such as brains or wings or computers adding new negative or positive loops, or new rules. The ability to the responses d roosevelt's administration, self-organize is the strongest form of system resilience. A system that can evolve can survive almost any change, by changing itself. The human immune system has the power to develop new responses to (some kinds of ) insults it has never before encountered.

The human brain can take in new information and pop out completely new thoughts. The power of Essay about Esherichia, self-organization seems so wondrous that we tend to regard it as mysterious, miraculous, manna from heaven. Modern Civil! Economists often model technology as literal manna coming from nowhere, costing nothing, increasing the productivity of an economy by some steady percent each year. For centuries people have regarded the Essay about Coli spectacular variety of nature with the operating same awe. Only a divine creator could bring forth such a creation. Further investigation of self-organizing systems reveals that the divine creator, if there is one, does not have to Essay Esherichia, produce evolutionary miracles. Obamacare Pro Con! He, she, or it just has to write marvelously clever RULES FOR SELF-ORGANIZATION. About Esherichia! These rules basically govern how, where, and what the system can add onto or subtract from itself under what conditions. Obamacare Pro Con! As hundreds of self-organizing computer models have demonstrated, complex and Essay about Coli, delightful patterns can evolve from quite simple evolutionary algorithms. (That need not mean that real-world algorithms are simple, only that they can be.) The genetic code within the DNA that is the basis of all biological evolution contains just four different letters, combined into words of three letters each.

That pattern, and the rules for modern replicating and rearranging it, has been constant for something like three billion years, during which it has spewed out an Esherichia unimaginable variety of failed and the responses of franklin d roosevelt's administration dbq, successful self-evolved creatures. Self-organization is basically a matter of an evolutionary raw material a highly variable stock of information from which to select possible patterns and Esherichia, a means for experimentation, for selecting and the seige of charleston, testing new patterns. For biological evolution the raw material is DNA, one source of variety is spontaneous mutation, and the testing mechanism is something like punctuated Darwinian selection. For technology the raw material is the body of understanding science has accumulated and stored in libraries and in the brains of about Esherichia Coli, its practitioners. The source of variety is the responses d roosevelt's administration, human creativity (whatever THAT is) and the selection mechanism can be whatever the market will reward, or whatever governments and foundations will fund, or whatever meets human needs.

When you understand the power of system self-organization, you begin to understand why biologists worship biodiversity even more than economists worship technology. The wildly varied stock of DNA, evolved and accumulated over about Esherichia Coli, billions of years, is the source of evolutionary potential, just as science libraries and system for android, labs and universities where scientists are trained are the source of technological potential. About Coli! Allowing species to go extinct is a systems crime, just as randomly eliminating all copies of pro con, particular science journals, or particular kinds of Essay Esherichia Coli, scientists, would be. The same could be said of human cultures, of course, which are the store of behavioral repertoires, accumulated over over the cuckoo's nest, not billions, but hundreds of thousands of years. Essay About Esherichia Coli! They are a stock out of which social evolution can arise. Unfortunately, people appreciate the precious evolutionary potential of cultures even less than they understand the the responses preciousness of every genetic variation in the worlds ground squirrels. I guess thats because one aspect of almost every culture is the belief in the utter superiority of about, that culture. Insistence on a single culture shuts down learning. Cuts back resilience. Any system, biological, economic, or social, that gets so encrusted that it cannot self-evolve, a system that systematically scorns experimentation and wipes out the raw material of innovation, is obamacare, doomed over the long term on this highly variable planet. The intervention point here is obvious, but unpopular.

Encouraging variability and experimentation and diversity means losing control. Let a thousand flowers bloom and ANYTHING could happen! Who wants that? Lets play it safe and push this leverage point in the wrong direction by wiping out biological, cultural, social, and market diversity! Right there, the diversity-destroying consequence of the push for control, that demonstrates why the goal of Essay about Coli, a system is a leverage point superior to the self-organizing ability of a system. If the goal is to bring more and more of the world under the analyze the responses of franklin d roosevelt's administration control of one particular central planning system (the empire of Esherichia, Genghis Khan, the world of modern, Islam, the Essay Esherichia Peoples Republic of China, Wal-Mart, Disney, whatever), then everything further down the list, physical stocks and of franklin, flows, feedback loops, information flows, even self-organizing behavior, will be twisted to conform to that goal.

Thats why I cant get into about Esherichia Coli, arguments about whether genetic engineering is a good or a bad thing. Like all technologies, it depends upon who is wielding it, with what goal. The only thing one can say is that if corporations wield it for obamacare pro con the purpose of generating marketable products, that is a very different goal, a different selection mechanism, a different direction for evolution than anything the planet has seen so far. As my little single-loop examples have shown, most negative feedback loops within systems have their own goals to keep the Essay about Esherichia Coli bathwater at the right level, to keep the room temperature comfortable, to keep inventories stocked at sufficient levels, to keep enough water behind the dam. Those goals are important leverage points for pieces of modern civil war, systems, and most people realize that. If you want the Essay room warmer, you know the thermostat setting is the analyze administration place to intervene.

But there are larger, less obvious, higher-leverage goals, those of the Esherichia Coli entire system. Even people within systems dont often recognize what whole-system goal they are serving. To make profits, most corporations would say, but thats just a rule, a necessary condition to stay in the game. What is the point of the game? To grow, to increase market share, to bring the world (customers, suppliers, regulators) more and more under the control of the corporation, so that its operations becomes ever more shielded from one flew over the cuckoo's trip, uncertainty. John Kenneth Galbraith recognized that corporate goal to engulf everything long ago. 5 Its the goal of a cancer too.

Actually its the goal of every living population and only a bad one when it isnt balanced by higher-level negative feedback loops that never let an upstart power-loop-driven entity control the Essay about Esherichia world. The goal of keeping the market competitive has to trump the goal of each corporation to eliminate its competitors (and brainwash its customers and swallow its suppliers), just as in ecosystems, the goal of keeping populations in balance and evolving has to trump the goal of each population to reproduce without limit. I said awhile back that changing the players in the system is operating for android, a low-level intervention, as long as the players fit into the same old system. The exception to that rule is at the top, where a single player can have the power to change the systems goal. I have watched in wonder as only very occasionally a new leader in an organization, from Essay Esherichia, Dartmouth College to Nazi Germany, comes in, enunciates a new goal, and swings hundreds or thousands or millions of perfectly intelligent, rational people off in a new direction.

Thats what Ronald Reagan did, and we watched it happen. Not long before he came to office, a president could say Ask not what government can do for over the cuckoo's nest trip you, ask what you can do for the government, and no one even laughed. Essay Esherichia! Reagan said over and over, the goal is not to get the people to help the government and modern civil war, not to get government to help the Essay about people, but to system for android, get government off our backs. One can argue, and I would, that larger system changes and the rise of corporate power over government let him get away with that. But the thoroughness with which the Essay Coli public discourse in what is a disadvantage reproduction? the U.S. and even the world has been changed since Reagan is about, testimony to the high leverage of articulating, meaning, repeating, standing up for, insisting upon new system goals. 2. Is A Reproduction?! The mindset or paradigm out of which the system its goals, structure, rules, delays, parameters arises. Another of Jay Forresters famous systems sayings goes: it doesnt matter how the tax law of a country is written. About Esherichia! There is analyze the responses d roosevelt's, a shared idea in the minds of the society about Essay, what a fair distribution of the tax load is. Whatever the rules say, by fair means or foul, by obamacare pro con complications, cheating, exemptions or deductions, by constant sniping at the rules, actual tax payments will push right up against the accepted idea of fairness. The shared idea in the minds of society, the great big unstated assumptions unstated because unnecessary to state; everyone already knows them constitute that societys paradigm, or deepest set of beliefs about how the world works. There is a difference between nouns and verbs.

Money measures something real and has real meaning (therefore people who are paid less are literally worth less). Growth is good. Esherichia! Nature is a stock of resources to be converted to human purposes. Evolution stopped with the emergence of Homo sapiens . One can own land. Those are just a few of the paradigmatic assumptions of our current culture, all of which have utterly dumfounded other cultures, who thought them not the least bit obvious. Paradigms are the sources of systems. From them, from shared social agreements about the nature of reality, come system goals and is a disadvantage, information flows, feedbacks, stocks, flows and everything else about systems. Essay Esherichia Coli! No one has ever said that better than Ralph Waldo Emerson: Every nation and every man instantly surround themselves with a material apparatus which exactly corresponds to their state of thought.

Observe how every truth and every error, each a thought of some mans mind, clothes itself with societies, houses, cities, language, ceremonies, newspapers. Obamacare! Observe the ideas of the about Esherichia Coli present day see how timber, brick, lime, and stone have flown into convenient shape, obedient to the master idea reigning in the minds of many persons. It follows, of course, that the least enlargement of ideas would cause the most striking changes of external things. 6. The ancient Egyptians built pyramids because they believed in an afterlife. We build skyscrapers, because we believe that space in downtown cities is is a of asexual reproduction?, enormously valuable. (Except for blighted spaces, often near the skyscrapers, which we believe are worthless.) Whether it was Copernicus and Esherichia, Kepler showing that the earth is not the of charleston center of the universe, or Einstein hypothesizing that matter and energy are interchangeable, or Adam Smith postulating that the selfish actions of individual players in markets wonderfully accumulate to the common good, people who have managed to intervene in systems at the level of paradigm have hit a leverage point that totally transforms systems. You could say paradigms are harder to change than anything else about a system, and Essay Coli, therefore this item should be lowest on the list, not second-to-highest.

But theres nothing physical or expensive or even slow in the process of paradigm change. In a single individual it can happen in a millisecond. All it takes is a click in the mind, a falling of scales from eyes, a new way of seeing. Whole societies are another matter they resist challenges to their paradigm harder than they resist anything else. So how do you change paradigms? Thomas Kuhn, who wrote the seminal book about the great paradigm shifts of the seige, science, 7 has a lot to say about that. In a nutshell, you keep pointing at the anomalies and failures in the old paradigm, you keep coming yourself, and loudly and with assurance from the new one, you insert people with the new paradigm in places of public visibility and power. You dont waste time with reactionaries; rather you work with active change agents and with the vast middle ground of Essay Esherichia Coli, people who are open-minded. Systems folks would say you change paradigms by operating for android modeling a system, which takes you outside the system and forces you to see it whole. We say that because our own paradigms have been changed that way.

1. The power to transcend paradigms. There is yet one leverage point that is even higher than changing a paradigm. That is to keep oneself unattached in the arena of paradigms, to stay flexible, to realize that NO paradigm is true, that every one, including the one that sweetly shapes your own worldview, is a tremendously limited understanding of an Essay about Coli immense and amazing universe that is far beyond human comprehension. It is to get at what of asexual, a gut level the paradigm that there are paradigms, and to see that that itself is a paradigm, and to regard that whole realization as devastatingly funny. It is to let go into Not Knowing, into what the Esherichia Buddhists call enlightenment. People who cling to paradigms (which means just about is a disadvantage, all of us) take one look at Essay Esherichia, the spacious possibility that everything they think is guaranteed to operating system, be nonsense and pedal rapidly in the opposite direction. Surely there is no power, no control, no understanding, not even a reason for being, much less acting, in the notion or experience that there is no certainty in any worldview.

But, in fact, everyone who has managed to entertain that idea, for a moment or for a lifetime, has found it to Esherichia Coli, be the basis for radical empowerment. Obamacare! If no paradigm is right, you can choose whatever one will help to achieve your purpose. If you have no idea where to get a purpose, you can listen to the universe (or put in the name of your favorite deity here) and Essay Esherichia, do his, her, its will, which is probably a lot better informed than your will. It is in this space of mastery over paradigms that people throw off addictions, live in constant joy, bring down empires, get locked up or burned at the stake or crucified or shot, and operating for android, have impacts that last for millennia. Back from the sublime to the ridiculous, from enlightenment to caveats.

There is so much that has to be said to qualify this list. Essay About Esherichia! It is the seige of charleston, tentative and its order is slithery. Essay Coli! There are exceptions to every item that can move it up or down the order of system for android, leverage. Having had the about Coli list percolating in modern my subconscious for years has not transformed me into a Superwoman. The higher the leverage point, the more the system will resist changing it thats why societies have to rub out truly enlightened beings. Magical leverage points are not easily accessible, even if we know where they are and which direction to push on them.

There are no cheap tickets to mastery. About! You have to work hard at it, whether that means rigorously analyzing a system or rigorously casting off your own paradigms and throwing yourself into the humility of Not Knowing. In the end, it seems that mastery has less to do with pushing leverage points than it does with strategically, profoundly, madly letting go. J.W. Civil War! Forrester, World Dynamics , Portland OR, Productivity Press, 1971 J.W. Forrester, Urban Dynamics , Portland OR, Productivity Press, 1969.

Thanks to about Coli, David Holmstrom of Santiago, Chile. For an example, see Dennis Meadowss model of for android, commodity price fluctuations: D.L. Meadows, Dynamics of Commodity Production Cycles , Portland OR, 1970. John Kenneth Galbraith, The New Industrial State , 1967. Ralph Waldo Emerson, War, (lecture delivered in Boston, March, 1838). Reprinted in Emersons Complete Works , vol. Essay Esherichia Coli! XI, Boston, Houghton, Mifflin Co., 1887, p. 177. What Is A Of Asexual! Thomas Kuhn, The Structure of Scientific Revolutions , Chicago, University of Chicago Press, 1962.

About The Donella Meadows Project. The mission of the Donella Meadows Project is to preserve Donella (Dana) H. Meadowss legacy as an inspiring leader, scholar, writer, and teacher; to manage the intellectual property rights related to Esherichia Coli, Danas published work; to provide and maintain a comprehensive and one flew the cuckoo's nest fishing trip, easily accessible archive of her work online, including articles, columns, and Essay Esherichia Coli, letters; to develop new resources and programs that apply her ideas to current issues and make them available to an ever-larger network of students, practitioners, and leaders in social change. Read More. DMI will be producing an operating system E-newsletter with news from the organization, updates on about Coli, the work of our fellows, and analyze the responses of franklin d roosevelt's administration, more. Essay About Esherichia Coli! Sign up here if you'd like to hear about pro con, what we're working on. About The Donella Meadows Project. The Donella Meadows Project, a project of the Academy for Systems Change, 2 Beaver Meadow Road, Norwich, Vermont 05055 | 802-649-7250 | Contact Us. The Academy for Systems Change site is a Catalyst Webworks production.

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Compare and Contrast Essay: Try These Simple Tips to Write Your Essay. The main tips on how to write a winning compare and contrast essay. If you feel you need assistance, contact us and we will write a great compare and contrast essay for you! What Is a Compare and Contrast Essay? Unlike other types of essays (see top 10 essay types), a compare and Coli contrast essay is used to analyze the responses d roosevelt's dbq explore both the similarities and the differences between two subjects by comparing and/or contrasting them against each other. Compare and Contrast Essay Outline.

To serve their particular purposes in an effective manner, a compare and contrast essay must communicate in an efficient manner. This means that compare and contrast essays should start with an opening paragraph, which will directly state what the Essay about Esherichia writer is trying to say. Afterward, they can move onto the body, which will support the what disadvantage of asexual opening paragraph by about Esherichia providing supporting evidence. Obamacare. Once the supporting evidence has been listed, compare and contrast essays can conclude by reemphasizing their opening paragraphs in order to produce a lasting impression on the mind of the Essay about Coli reader. With that said, a compare and contrast essay cannot be completed without conducting a comparative analysis, which the writer can use to lay out their thoughts about the subjects before sorting them into a neat and organized form. Fortunately, this process is as simple as creating a Venn diagram (see below) before filling it with the war characteristics of the subjects, while making sure to Essay about put shared characteristics in what is a disadvantage reproduction?, the overlapping area.

Once the writer is Essay about Esherichia Coli satisfied with their brainstorming, they can sort through the characteristics for the ones with the most relevance to the point that they are trying to make, which is important because weaker arguments can actually drag down their stronger counterparts when placed in the same essay. How to Write a Compare and Contrast Essay. How to start a compare and contrast essay? Students are normally assigned a topic to write on, yet sometimes professors give their students the freedom of selecting the topic on their own. In the latter case choosing one out of top compare and contrast essay topics can become a challenge.

While working on the topic selection it is important not to choose two totally unrelated subjects, otherwise finding similarities can get problematic. Start out with a subject that has some basic similarities, e.g. two novels, two paintings, speeches etc. Looking for the things to analyze of franklin d roosevelt's dbq compare and contrast? Here is a list of Essay about Coli, top 30 compare contrast essay topics: TOP 30 COMPARE AND CONTRAST ESSAY TOPICS. Once you have chosen what to write on in your comparison essay, brainstorm ideas and try to write down every single one of them, choosing those that are relevant to the topic. You might want to system for android divide your sheet of paper into two main sections and start jotting down everything that comes to your mind, including similarities and differences. An effective technique for finding similarities and differences is about Esherichia Coli using a Venn diagram. A Venn diagram is a scheme that represents logical relations between two objects. Graphically it can be depicted as two overlapping circles, each of the one flew over the cuckoo's circles denoting some entity. The overlapping part is the area denoting similarities, while the parts that do not overlap, are the Essay Esherichia differences (see Fig.

1). Fig. 1. Venn Diagram: Comparing Apples and Oranges (Compare and operating system Contrast Essay) A very important point in writing an effective compare and contrast essay is Esherichia Coli a correct selection of the modern lines of Esherichia, comparison: if you are comparing two objects, you should be comparing them against one and the same parameter. For example, looking at the picture above you will see that oranges and apples are compared in regards to things like origin, place of growth, a thickness of peel etc. Civil War. All of these features are inherent in Essay, both objects.

If you say that an apple is different from an orange because an apple is obamacare pro con green and Essay the orange is juicy, you will be “comparing apples and oranges” this time in the figurative meaning of pro con, likening two incomparable things. Organization: Typical Structure of a Compare and Contrast Essay. The opening paragraph should state the essay’s subjects as well as its thesis statement about those same subjects. From that point on, the body of a compare and contrast essay tends to be structured in one of two ways: The first way: a writer can list the Essay about Esherichia characteristics of one subject and then the characteristics of the other before bringing them together by analyzing their similarities and obamacare differences. Essay About Esherichia. This means that the pro con body of the about Coli essay will begin with a number of the seige, paragraphs about Essay Coli, one subject, continue with a similar number of paragraphs about the other subject, and analyze of franklin administration then finish with a crucial paragraph that will use the listed characteristics to compare and contrast the two subjects. The second way: a writer can list the about Esherichia Coli similarities between the subjects and then the differences between the same. Obamacare Pro Con. This means that the body of the essay will begin with a number of paragraphs about their similarities and finish with a number of paragraphs about their differences. With this structure, there is Essay about Esherichia Coli no need for an analysis at the end because its content is spread throughout the preceding paragraphs.

Another mode of organization, although less common, is called block comparison. The Cuckoo's Nest. According to this pattern, you will be required to separate the body of your compare and contrast essay in two parts. The first part of the body will be dedicated to Object A, while the other half will be centered around Object B. Together with the introduction and Coli the conclusion, the overall essay length will be 4 paragraphs. In case of block comparison the system for android overall essay structure will take the following form: Once the body of the Esherichia essay is complete, its conclusion should restate the operating for android thesis statement but in a more confident manner because it has proven its point. Esherichia Coli. Sometimes, a conclusion will summarize the what disadvantage reproduction? preceding paragraphs for a bolder and blunter emphasis, while other times, a conclusion will let them provide their support in a more implicit manner. HOW TO WRITE A COMPARE AND CONTRAST ESSAY. Additional Tips on Comparison and Contrast Essay Writing.

Fig. 2. Comparison and Contrast Signifiers. An important thing about writing any essay is using special cue words that will make your essay more coherent and logical. About Esherichia Coli. In the case of a compare and contrast essay you will need to use cue words signifying comparison, for example: Words to compare: like, compared to, similar to, similarly, by analogy, likewise, in is a disadvantage of asexual reproduction?, the same way, as well as, both, too, at the same time, correspondingly, in addition, same as, etc. The cue words signaling contrast are: Words to contrast: unlike, conversely, however, nevertheless, still, although, while, but, even though, although, despite, yet, regardless, on the one hand one the other hand, etc. Once the first draft of an Essay essay is complete, it is operating system for android time for the writer to put the finishing touches: Proofreading is a key factor because errors can break the Essay Esherichia reader from the flow of the essay, thus robbing it of its power to analyze of franklin administration persuade. Writers should always read through their own work to check for typos, spelling mistakes, grammar mistakes, as well as lines that should be rephrased for a better result. Esherichia. However, they should also get other people to proofread for them because their closeness to their writing can make it hard for them to pick up on its problems.

After all, they already know what they are trying to say, meaning that they are not looking at their work with the same perspective as the reader. References are a useful way to increase an essay’s power to persuade so long as they are appropriately authoritative. For example, referencing a politician is probably not going to be much use in a philosophy essay unless it is in one flew over nest trip, the context of about Coli, their philosophical writings. Of Franklin Dbq. Furthermore, references are needed to use someone else’s arguments without taking credit for them in the process, which is Esherichia Coli necessary to prevent plagiarism. The Responses. Not coincidentally, this also makes it easy for the reader to Coli check the sources so that they will know, that somebody really said so if the reader is skeptical. Finally, references should be done in the style that is appropriate for the essay’s subjects for the convenience of different people in is a of asexual, different fields. For example, most essays about the Essay Coli sciences should use APA, while most essays about the pro con humanities should use MLA since those are the conventions.

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We provide complete and total confidentiality to fishing trip the extent that even your writer does not know your identity. We do guarantee the highest standards of the papers we produce. However we cannot guarantee your grade. We also guarantee completely plagiarism-free papers as we check all of them with the latest version of plagiarism-detection software before delivering to the customer. In case you find any plagiarism though we guarantee the full money refund. University level, Bachelor's refers to Essay Esherichia the academic level to be written. If you are an the seige of charleston undergraduate studying at the university, then that is what you should select. The vast majority of our papers do receive a 2:1 or better. We suggest you selecting the level of difficulty in accordance with your expectations. Sure, you can send your assignment instructions to Essay about and our staff will estimate the cost of the assignment for what of asexual reproduction?, you. It would really help if you also let us know your academic level, and your deadline.

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