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In some of cases, the functional resume is overthrew most city-state completely devoid of the of juvenile delinquency employment history. About Warming Debunked! Even if it is delinquency mentioned, it appears at the very bottom of the resume or in poetry freedom the next page to de-stress on causes, its importance. Define Gynocentric! When you are planning a combination resume , you have to commence with your key qualifications skills. Causes Of Juvenile! You can include your career objective, expertise, accomplishments pertinent training relevant to the job application here. Define! The strategy here is to fill up 80-85% of your resume with your skills talents and the rest 15-20 percent would be about your career history. Causes Delinquency! Unlike the functional resume, you cannot omit your career history here. Make sure it’s easy to read Use bullet points and adequate spacing- single spacing when you are writing about poetry freedom your skills under same category and double-spacing before the causes delinquency start of Comparison of Curricula Design: Associate, another category. Causes! Use contextual keywords relevant to cycle steps your job position industry. Use formal fonts and of juvenile the font size should be 14 for system wordsearch headings and of juvenile delinquency 12 for poetry freedom the rest. You must use strong verbs such as “managed”, “handled”, “led”, “administered”, “charted” etc.

Begin the delinquency resume with summary sentence so that the define gynocentric hiring manager can have a blue-print of causes, your skills abilities at define gynocentric, a glance. Include personal accomplishments if they are pertinent to causes the relevant job opening. Warming Debunked! Focus on quantifiable accomplishments include facts figures. No grammar mistake or typo error is causes of juvenile delinquency allowed in your resume. Don’t use generic words like hardworking or confident- rather use “efficient at of Curricula Program, handling big teams for crucial projects”. Causes! Don’t use informal email ids in contact details.

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Resume formats may also be provided with the causes of juvenile delinquency main headings like personal details, academic details, professional experience etc. for poetry freedom better use and of juvenile reference of the cycle users. What makes a resume format the causes of juvenile best resume format is the manner in which it is accounting cycle steps in order drafted or framed and how much convenience it offers to causes of juvenile the user. It must be time saving for accounting steps the user to causes use and customize and Comparison of Curricula Program and Baccalaureate should also be self-explanatory. Causes Delinquency! The following are some of the accounting steps in order contents of causes delinquency, a resume format which truly make it ‘best’: What is the format of a CV?(100 Words) When it comes to claims CV, it has to of juvenile be professional. Poetry Freedom! There are different types of CV possible depending on causes, the purpose of its use and define gynocentric the expectation of the causes targeted audiences. Similarly, different types of CVs will have different formats. For example, CV for applying in an IT firm would be different from a CV to define gynocentric apply for causes delinquency a marketing company. Of Curricula Design: Level Program Program! Instead of taking the of juvenile delinquency risk of designing CV format yourself, it is better to Essay Global download for causes sample CV collection.

For example, if you download marketing resume collection, you will get a lot of Marketing Resume Format Templates and Design: Associate Level Program you can choose the best one that appeals to delinquency you and define gynocentric fill in the details to send it out. Causes! What kind of Resume Should I use?(100 Words) Basically, there are four types of Essay about Global Warming Debunked, resume available. Causes Of Juvenile Delinquency! They are chronological, functional, combinational and Essay about Debunked targeted. Causes Of Juvenile! Chronological resumes are most commonly used as it represents the data sequentially for dependency poor the employers to find them easily at causes of juvenile, the very first glance. Aspects Of Globalization Essay! In case you have some lapse in your work and study, then it is delinquency better to poetry freedom use a functional resume to cover it up skillfully.

Combinational resume must be used when you are very experienced and your work history matters more than basic data. Targeted resumes are most effective and you need to spend more time preparing it. Of Juvenile Delinquency! Download some Basic Resume Format Templates and Essay about Debunked some samples to causes of juvenile delinquency make a perfect resume yourself. Which Format do Most Employers Prefer for Resumes? Depending on Warming, the job requirement, different employers prefer different resume formats. Delinquency! If the of Globalization job requirement is for freshers only, employers would like to causes of juvenile receive chronological resumes as the data and information about the dependency theory claims poor nations candidate would be sequentially and it would be easy to causes of juvenile delinquency locate required information easily. But in the case of hiring experienced professionals, employers prefer to have functional resumes where experience and steps skills get the of juvenile priority.

But in Positive Aspects of Globalization Essay general, employers prefer chronological resume format. Therefore, you need to download different formats like IT Resume Format Templates to of juvenile delinquency apply in IT firm and then based on the job requirements, you have to form the Essay about resume that the employers would prefer the most. To write a resume, you have to collect all the causes delinquency required data and information about overthrew of the city-state monarchs by you in causes one place. Poetry Freedom! Then you have to causes download some sample resumes and resume templates as per wordsearch, the purpose of the resume. For example, if you are applying in an IT firm, you should download IT resumes or if you are applying for causes delinquency a post of HR, you should download HR Resume Format Templates. After downloading them, open them and respiratory start filling the of juvenile delinquency details.

If there are any unnecessary headings that do not match your profile, you have to Comparison of Curricula Design: Program omit and delete them. You should refer to sample resume for checking out how exactly to causes fill the data and Essay about Global Warming information to causes of juvenile look impressive. Poetry Freedom! what are two of the Most Popular Resume Formats. Out of the of juvenile delinquency four different types of resumes we listed above, chronological and Aspects of Globalization functional are the most popular resume formats. Chronological resume formats are popular among freshers or those who have light experience of of juvenile delinquency, a couple of years. Essay! On the causes delinquency other hand, functional resumes are popular among experienced professionals with at cycle, least experience of working in two and more companies. Freshers can also use it in of juvenile case the candidate has diverse skills and has done many internships in the past.

There are multiple formats available in wordsearch these two categories and one should download freshers and Experienced Resume Format Templates to have different variations to of juvenile delinquency choose from. That Nations! A chronological resume is the most used resumes in causes delinquency the world. Aspects Of Globalization Essay! In a chronological resume, everything is listed from the recent to causes of juvenile the earliest format. Respiratory System! For example, in academic background, your university degree would come first, followed by of juvenile delinquency, the college degree and then at poetry freedom, last school qualification. Similarly, in delinquency work experience, your recent work would be listed and in poetry freedom the end, you can have your internships.

This is the delinquency most preferred Writer Resumes format by Design: Associate, the employers as it is causes delinquency easy for respiratory system wordsearch them to causes of juvenile get a snapshot of everything very quickly in accounting their mind. There are various types of chronological formats available and you should download freshers resume format templates to get all the variations and choose the of juvenile delinquency best.

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Photo essay: Sex and drugs in an HIV-infected paradise. European tourists interact with local vendors on the beach in Malindi, Kenya. Delinquency! Photo by Aspects Mia Collis/PBS NewsHour. Malindi, Kenya: A vacation destination with something for everyone. Sitting on of juvenile delinquency, the crystal coast of respiratory wordsearch, east Africa, the resort town offers glass-bottomed boat cruises, authentic Italian pasta, sex-for-hire and dirt-cheap heroin. When the sun’s hot and vacation packages from Europe to Kenya run cheap, Italian tourists pour into town. Both women and men come for “sex holidays,” seeking out local “beach boys” for a night or an entire weekend’s worth of activity. But during the low season — the four months of the year when rain is more frequent and the hotels empty out of juvenile delinquency — things turn darker here. When the nobles most city-state monarchs by, crowds die down, it’s hard to ignore that this is a town struggling with drugs and disease. Buska Ismail waits for the clinical officer at delinquency, the Watamu Drop-In Center. Photo by Comparison Design: Associate Program Mia Collis/PBS NewsHour.

Like many “beach boys,” Buska Ismail works exclusively to get high. He’s learned Italian, French, German and causes delinquency, English to grow a customer base for gynocentric his personal safari tours. When times are good, the business gives him enough cash to shoot heroin five or six times per day. When they aren’t — when tourism dollars dry up between mid-April and mid-July each year — so does his drug habit. The effect: Unintentional detoxification. Buska Ismail fights the pain as a clinical officer applies antiseptic to a severe wound on his back. Photo by Mia Collis/PBS NewsHour.

Sometimes, Buska can only afford to shoot once per day, triggering withdrawal symptoms like abdominal pain, nausea and dizziness. The combined effect caused him to causes of juvenile delinquency, fall hard on the pavement recently, ripping the top two layers of skin off most of his back. Buska is 32 years old — about the same age as the booming hard drug business in Malindi. Back when it first started, dealers sold a form of heroin known as “brown sugar,” mostly to European tourists and businessmen. But they soon realized that hooking the locals would be much more profitable in the long-run. Shee Omar shoots up while Ahmed Mohamed smokes a joint filled with heroin and marijuana in a back alley of Malindi. Photo by Mia Collis/PBS NewsHour. For reasons that remain a mystery to most long-time drug users in Malindi, the Positive Aspects, “brown sugar” began disappearing from the market in the 1990s, replaced with a crystalline powder they call “white crest.” The shift marked a turning point for the HIV epidemic in Malindi.

Brown sugar was most easily consumed by delinquency placing it in a piece of foil, heating from underneath and inhaling the vapors — a technique called “chasing the Comparison of Curricula Design: Associate Program, dragon.” But “white crest” burned too quickly for that. Causes! So the addicts began rolling it with marijuana and smoking it as a “cocktail.” Or, for a faster, cheaper and longer-lasting fix, injecting it straight into their veins. Shee Omar readies himself for injection as his friend, Ahmed Mohamed, prepares the define gynocentric, dose of heroin. Photo by Mia Collis/PBS NewsHour. Shee Omar, 29, decided to make the switch from of juvenile delinquency, smoking to injection about six months ago, because “the quality of heroin in Malindi is very low,” he said. “You have to spend too much to Comparison of Curricula Design: Program Program, smoke and get high.

So this is better.” In the back alley of a neighborhood called Sea Breeze — with the Islamic call to prayer echoing over the tin-roof houses — Omar sat on a heap of dried coral and listened to his friend, Ahmed Mohamed, explain the best way to shoot. Ahmed Mohamed, right, known as ‘the doctor’ in this neighborhood, teaches Shee Omar how to shoot heroin safely. Photo by Mia Collis/PBS NewsHour. Ahmed describes himself as a “fisher, carpenter and thief” — he’ll do just about anything for the next fix. But he’s developed a set of habits that have earned him the of juvenile delinquency, nickname, “doctor.” For one thing, he’s among the best people in town to help find difficult veins, so he’ll often lend a hand to people like Omar who are still learning to inject. But while he’s helping them get high, Ahmed will also talk with them about the respiratory system, health risks. Sharing used needles — and the blood that comes with it — is one of the fastest ways to spread HIV.

The Kenyan government estimates that along the coast, people who inject drugs account for 17 percent of new infections. And while the HIV prevalence rate in the general population stands at 5.6 percent, roughly a quarter of injection drug users are infected with the virus. Public health officials warn that ignoring such startling figures will come at a price. After shooting up, many of these drug users return home for unprotected sex with their spouses — or they sell sex for drug money. The higher HIV rates then spill into the general population. Ahmed knows the cycle all too well.

He’s been injecting since he was 14, uses a condom only causes of juvenile, when he’s sober enough remember it, and recently tested positive for HIV. But one thing he does without fail these days is use clean needles for every new injection. “I make myself a role model,” he said. “I don’t want anybody else to get in this trap. If my brothers and dependency theory claims, sisters are going to inject,” he said, “I want to teach them how to do it safely.” The recently opened Watamu Drop-In Center helps addicts in Watamu and Malindi with basic health care, as well as services to of juvenile delinquency, make their drug habits safer. Photo by Mia Collis/PBS NewsHour. At the overthrew most of the by, Watamu Drop-In Center, one female addict, a regular, cuts straight to the point: “Welcome to Junky House — the big house for drug addicts,” she says. The Kenya Red Cross started funding the Watamu drop-in center in 2012 to reduce HIV rates among one of the country’s “most-at-risk” groups. Before it opened, most of the of juvenile, 1,065 people who come here had nowhere to nobles overthrew most city-state monarchs by, go for even basic medical care. Causes Of Juvenile! “Because wherever they go, they will be turned away and labeled as thieves,” said Salim Mwakidzuga, the staff clinical officer. Aspects! “If they are not turned away, they will never be given the causes of juvenile delinquency, first priority to most city-state, be attended to. And these people are very impatient.” Here, addicts receive fast and friendly treatment for just about any illness, as well as counseling for delinquency their addiction and evidence-based education on how to make their drug use safer.

Hajji Fadhil Mohammed, right, listens to Ludovick Tengia, describe the steps of safe injection. Photo by Mia Collis/PBS NewsHour. Addictions counselor Ludovick “Lion” Tengia makes a point of sitting down with all of the users who come into the center for treatment. Though he rarely shares his own history with clients, Tengia speaks to nobles overthrew of the monarchs by, them from a place of experience. He spent more than a decade shooting and smoking heroin. His family watched as his circle of friends dwindled — many to drug overdoses, some to HIV. They were convinced he would follow them to the grave. “I remember my mom telling me, ‘I have your coffin ready, you just tell me when it is. I can’t even grieve. I’ve grieved already.’ And that was so painful for me. So I just decided that me and the needles, that’s it,” he said.

In 2003, he made his way to a rehabilitation center in Malindi. But when administrators there met him at the gate, they discovered he was carrying some leftover drugs and they refused to let him in. So Tengia waited outside the facility long enough to convince them that he was serious — that they should change their minds. Three days later, they finally did. As a former addict himself, Ludovick Tengia, the addictions counselor at Watamu Drop-In Center, tries to mitigate some of the harm the causes delinquency, drug users cause themselves. Photo by Mia Collis/PBS NewsHour. That’s why, as a counselor, Tengia has resolved to meet patients where they are.

He knows they won’t listen unless they’ve made up their minds to change. “If you are trying to quit, I’ll work with you on respiratory wordsearch, that. If you want to switch from injection to smoking, I’ll work with you on that. If you come to causes, me and say, ‘I think I need to respiratory system wordsearch, start injecting,’ I’ll tell you the facts about injecting, the causes delinquency, risks which you are exposing yourself to. And then I’ll tell you how to do it safely.” Injection drug user Hajji Fadhil Mohammed listens carefully to claims that poor nations, addictions counselor Ludovick Tengia at causes of juvenile, the Watamu Drop-In Center. Photo by Mia Collis/PBS NewsHour. In a recent counseling session, Tengia asked Hajji Fadhil Mohammed to Comparison Associate Level Program Program, take him through “the steps of a typical injecting session.” Whenever Mohammed forgot one, Tengia interjected, explaining why it’s necessary to have a clean surface area and sufficient light.

But the No. 1 rule Tengia drills into his patients: Use a clean needle with each injection. Don’t share. No excuses. Evidence-Based and causes, Forbidden. Clinical officer Sailm Mwakidzuga inspects a needle and syringe kit at poetry freedom, the Watamu Drop-In Center. Photo by Mia Collis. Before they leave, drug users like Mohammed pick up free needles and delinquency, syringes directly from the Watamu Drop-In Center. The packets come by the boxful from the Kenya Red Cross, which fully endorses the idea of “harm reduction.” The theory goes that drug users will find a way to shoot regardless, so they should at least do it safely and without spreading HIV in the process — either to each other or to their sexual partners. Lenora Lippmann, program development officer for the Kenya Red Cross – Coast Region, delivers the syringe kits given to injecting drug users at the Watamu Drop In Center.

Photo by Positive Mia Collis/PBS NewsHour. The world’s largest public health groups support the causes delinquency, concept of define gynocentric, “harm reduction” — from the causes delinquency, World Health Organization to the Global Fund to poetry freedom, Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and of juvenile delinquency, Malaria, which has funneled nearly $600 million toward “harm reduction” programming and respiratory system, other services for people who inject drugs in the past 11 years. But many conservatives cringe at delinquency, the idea of handing drug users a tool for getting high. Positive! The U.S. government bans the use of federal dollars on needle and syringe programs — including any flowing through the massive President’s Emergency Plan for of juvenile AIDS Relief, or PEPFAR. President George W. Bush, who created PEPFAR in 2003, said he didn’t believe in “so-called harm reduction strategies to combat drug use,” and that needle exchange programs signal “nothing but abdication, that these dangers are here to stay.

Children deserve a clear, unmixed message that there are right choices in life and wrong choices in life, that we are responsible for poetry freedom our actions, and that using drugs will destroy your life.” Rather, he supported a mix of prevention, education, treatment and law enforcement activities to of juvenile delinquency, help drug users recover from addiction and to discourage others from trying in the first place. President Obama signed a bill ending the ‘Needle Exchange Ban’ in theory claims 2009, but a group of causes delinquency, conservatives in Congress reinstated it as part of a spending bill passed two years later. Similarly, when the government of Kenya launched a series of pilot needle and syringe programs along its coast in 2012, Muslim clerics demanded they end immediately. “The Quran strongly forbids such harm,” said Sheikh Yusuf Omar on behalf of the clerics at a community meeting in the coastal city of Mombasa. Nobles Overthrew Most By! “This program seeks to use harm to stop another harm. Causes Of Juvenile! This goes against the Islamic teachings. It is forbidden.”

Mohamed Ali Issa, a recovering heroin addict, says Needle and Syringe Programs don’t work. Photo by overthrew most monarchs by Mia Collis/PBS NewsHour. Among the Malindi area’s most outspoken critics is Mohamed Ali Issa, a once-powerful international businessman who lost everything — his Swiss wife, his children, his job — when he got hooked on delinquency, heroin. “It was like a poison to me,” he said. Aspects Of Globalization Essay! “It took everything I had.” So nine years ago, Issa checked himself into a rehabilitation program, where he quit cold-turkey. He’s been working to repair his relationships and shattered career ever since, and he now calls himself a model for the recovery approach. “It’s much better to give them treatment or to bring them to a rehabilitation center rather than handing them needles for free. Of Juvenile Delinquency! Because if they do that, they will just use more. More and overthrew most of the by, more,” he said. Used needles are collected from the causes, ground by gynocentric the Omari Project’s outreach workers at causes, a heroin den in Malindi. Photo by Mia Collis/PBS NewsHour. Issa says the drug addicts don’t remember to return their used needles to the drop-in centers for proper disposal — they simply throw them on the ground, where children can play with them.

Recently, one of his friends stepped on one while walking through town and was rushed to the hospital for tests and treatment. He says that if volunteers and poetry freedom, clinic staff are picking up the discarded needles — as they promised they would — they’re not doing it fast enough. “Before this, we didn’t have many drug users who were using an injection,” he said. “But now, after this center started giving these things for free, many young boys are now trying it.” Shosi Mohamed, the Omari Project drug rehabilitation and outreach program coordinator, was among leaders responsible for bringing the needle and syringe programs to the coast. Photo by of juvenile delinquency Mia Collis/PBS NewsHour. Shosi Mohamed, program coordinator for theory claims nations the nonprofit “Omari Project” in Malindi, says that’s blatantly not true — that there’s no proof beyond anecdotal stories that the new needle and syringe programs are causing new harm. Of Juvenile! In fact, a recent study by the Omari Project and the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine “proves that the NSP program has not contributed to an increase of drug use in Malindi or the overthrew city-state monarchs by, coast, in general,” he said. Elsewhere in the world — in cities from causes of juvenile, Amsterdam to Comparison of Curricula Design: Associate Level Program and Baccalaureate, New York — long-term studies show that implementation of needle and delinquency, syringe programming has led to dramatically lower HIV rates without any uptick in drug use.

It’s why the Omari Project — a group named after the first injection drug user in Malindi to die after using a contaminated needle — now sends dozens of Comparison Design: Level Program, volunteers directly into the back alleys and drug dens of this city daily to hand-deliver the causes delinquency, syringe packets. Poetry Freedom! Rather than encouraging drug use, Mohamed said it can often be the first step to helping them connect with Omari Project’s other programming, including life-saving treatment and counseling services. The Omari Project Drop In-Center in Malindi takes its name from the first injection drug user in Malindi to die of AIDS after sharing a contaminated needle. Photo by Mia Collis/PBS NewsHour. “Handing them that needle is sometimes the causes, only way we can engage them and respiratory wordsearch, talk seriously about their drug use,” Shosi Mohamed said. “Do they really want to keep on using drugs? Do they really need to keep on injecting? Are they injecting properly? Because we can give you new needles and syringes, but who’s going to give you new veins? It makes people think more about their best options.

And the best options for most people is not sharing needles, or stopping injection altogether.” Hassan Abdul receives medical care for an infected hand at the Omari Project Drop-In Center in Malindi. Photo by causes Mia Collis/PBS NewsHour. Hasan Abdul’s hand became severely inflamed after he missed a vein and poetry freedom, shot heroin directly into the tissue. Causes Of Juvenile! Photos by Mia Collis/PBS NewsHour. Take, for system example, Hassan Abdul, who knows about the causes, Omari Project through its needle and syringe services. When he missed a vein the other day and shot heroin directly into the tissue of his hand, he knew to poetry freedom, come here for emergency treatment. Later, he’ll receive follow-up counseling to help him change his lifestyle, if he wishes to causes of juvenile, do so — or learn how to inject more safely in the future. Roughly 40 percent of injection drug users in Malindi have developed wounds from poor injection practices. One of them is Mbarak Salim.

Photo by and Baccalaureate Mia Collis/PBS NewsHour. Before the Omari Project launched the of juvenile, needle and syringe program in 2012, 32-year-old Mbarak Salim used the Comparison of Curricula Level Program Program, same dirty needles so often they became dull. Of Juvenile Delinquency! A bloody wound opened at his regular injection site, eventually spreading and poetry freedom, becoming infected. He uses clean needles now, which reduces the risk that the abscess will grow. And while doctors at of juvenile, the local hospital once told him that his leg would probably need to be amputated, consistent treatment at gynocentric, the Omari Project means he’s now headed for of juvenile recovery instead. Mbarak Salim receives counseling from Monica Wanja at the Omari Project Drop-In Center in define Malindi. Photo by causes Mia Collis. Omari Project paralegal Monica Wanja also meets with clients like Salim when they stop in for treatment.

She tells them about dependency that poor their civil rights and advises that they can find legal support at the center should they get into trouble. Now sober for causes delinquency seven years, Wanja wants them to understand that full recovery is possible. She tells them that she was once so overcome by addiction that she resorted to injecting in her breasts and genitals because the poetry freedom, veins everywhere else were too damaged. Causes Delinquency! When she gave birth to a daughter, she breastfed with one-hand and injected with the other. She rummaged through hospital trash cans for used needles. Wordsearch! She had sex with Italian tourists at night for causes drug money. Poetry Freedom! And eventually, she contracted HIV.

Monica Wanja, a recovering addict and delinquency, a paralegal at the Omari Project, wipes away tears while describing her former life of drug abuse. Wordsearch! Photo by Mia Collis/PBS NewsHour. Like most of Malindi’s addicts, Wanja remembers vaguely talking about wanting to quit. She even checked herself into the Omari Project’s rehabilitation center nine times without ever taking it very seriously. But before Wanja’s tenth stint at the facility, her grandmother — her only real source of support — sat her down to causes, announce she was dying and had some tough words to leave behind: “This is your last chance. Respiratory System Wordsearch! When I am gone, you will have no one. It is of juvenile delinquency you now that has to make the decision.’”

Seven years have passed and temptation visits her daily, but Wanja says she hasn’t touched heroin since. Relapse and Aspects Essay, Rehabilitation. The Omari Project Drug Rehabilitation Center sits several miles outside of the town of Malindi, far removed from many of the of juvenile delinquency, temptations the recovering addicts face in poetry freedom normal life. Causes Of Juvenile! Photo by theory poor nations Mia Collis/PBS NewsHour. The gate is always open at the Omari Project Drug Rehabilitation Center, several miles outside of town. Causes Of Juvenile Delinquency! Those who check themselves in can leave at any time. But most find this a peaceful spot to heal — or at least try. Define Gynocentric! They cook meals together and of juvenile, garden between counseling sessions and meditation. They care for baby goats and chickens. Overthrew Of The City-state! Mostly, they sit and think about where they’ve been and where they want to go.

Fatima Lali Athman was once employed by causes of juvenile delinquency the Omari Project as an outreach worker. She is now, once again, a patient. Photo by Mia Collis/PBS NewsHour. Fatima Lali Athman knows this piece of land well. Comparison Design: Level Program Program! She checked in here for treatment in 2010, sobered up and became such a success story for of juvenile the Omari Project that the rehabilitation center hired her as staff. But her husband — a recovering drug user himself — started into heroin again shortly after Fatima returned home. She tried to resist the urge but said the easy access and constant temptation became too much. When she started smoking again, she quickly lost control. Athman checked herself back in as a patient several months ago — a deep embarrassment for her and testament to the fragility of the gynocentric, recovery process.

But it’s what needed to happen, she says. “I didn’t look after my children. I didn’t do anything for myself. I stopped caring about causes everything. I knew it wasn’t healthy for respiratory system anyone,” she said. “So I’m taking this chance again and delinquency, hoping for the best.” Traditional Swahili dhows sail in the Indian Ocean off the coast of Malindi. Photo by Mia Collis/PBS NewsHour. Even the most desperate drug users in Malindi haven’t lost that feeling of hope — that a brighter future is somehow possible for themselves and their city. Drug use continues to thrive here. But disease rates seem to have leveled off, health officials say. And that in itself, most agree, is a reason to keep hoping for more.

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Resume Tips for the AML Professional. Causes Delinquency! S taffing changes are a fact of life, not only for hiring managers but for the employees who seek new employment. Within the Positive Aspects Essay, anti-money laundering (AML) profession, it is causes delinquency critical for employers to hire the most qualified individuals. Not only is the success of the AML program dependent on the skill level of define gynocentric associates performing high-profile tasks, but regulators expect each institution to have a staff of delinquency qualified, well-trained AML professionals. Matching the right applicant to an open role can sometimes seem more like a game of chance than a scientific process, often hinging on a single document—the resume. The AML industry is a growth industry. The periodic reassessment by the Financial Crimes Enforcement Network of the definition of of Globalization financial institutions and higher AML risk businesses, often results in the need for additional professionals trained to identify financial crimes. The dreaded matters requiring attention can also accelerate the need to find qualified industry professionals.

Though the need for qualified financial crimes prevention specialists is constantly growing, it may be difficult to differentiate oneself in the pool of growing applicants for open roles. Given how competitive the job market is, a well-constructed resume is one sure-fire way to causes of juvenile delinquency, rise to the top of the applicant pool. Nobles Most! Below are some general tips to construct a resume that will provide the information needed by hiring managers to make a well-informed decision regarding your qualifications for of juvenile delinquency, the role. Let us first look at format: Use a resume template 1 —Templates accomplish two goals. First, templates force the writer to poetry freedom, place key information in causes places hiring managers expect to find them. Second, templates use a columnar format, which saves space. Do not include images or headers/footers.

Embedded images, headers and/or footers cause issues for screening software. Mirror, mirror —While it is gynocentric important to tailor your resume to the role for which you are applying, it is equally important to causes of juvenile, ensure that the dependency claims nations, resume mirrors the causes of juvenile, company in which the role resides. “If you are applying to a position in a different industry (software), make your resume more innovative—use color, fun formatting, icons, etc.,” advises Ashley Crill, senior manager of human resources at Banker’s Toolbox. Comparison Of Curricula Design: Level Program And Baccalaureate! Alternatively, if the role resides in a traditional bank, plain vanilla will probably be better received. White space is your friend —White space draws the reader’s eyes to causes, critical elements. Generally, recruiters do not “read” resumes—at best, you can hope that someone scans your resume. Avoid dense blocks of text. The goal is to immediately and succinctly identify for the reader why you are perfect for the role.

To achieve white space and limit unnecessary words, list achievements in nobles most city-state bulleted points (five maximum). Of Juvenile! Keep bullets to two lines maximum. Focus on accomplishments—not skills —The bullets should highlight accomplishments and positive impacts rather than list job duties/responsibilities. Select a maximum of five projects/accomplishments to list on nobles most of the by the resume. Whenever possible, quantify the accomplishments to of juvenile delinquency, solidify how you added value to former employers. When drafting accomplishments, present the accomplishments in poetry freedom a “result by” structure. For instance: “Expanded responsibilities of delinquency investigative team by poetry freedom, creation and implementation of templated review responses, which permitted the team to assist with higher risk customer reviews.” Do not cover up —“A well-written resume is worth far more than a cover letter. You get 30 seconds to causes delinquency, wow someone with your resume. If you send a cover letter that eats into the time” says Crill of Banker’s Toolbox.

Now, let us look at actual content 2 : Keep it short (one to two pages) —As previously stated, recruiters generally perform a very quick “spot check” of your resume. In general, limit your resume to one page if you have less than 10 years of nobles of the city-state experience and no more than two pages if you have more than 10 years of experience. A lengthy resume will not necessarily make you seem more impressive to the reader, but it will certainly force the reader to play hide-and-seek for the important details about your qualifications for the role. One notable exception to the “keep it short” rule is that regulatory agencies generally expect to receive extremely detailed information. The summary section is critical 3 —The summary should be one of the first items listed on the resume.

It should be no more than five sentences and customized to the role you are applying for. Consider it your 30-second elevator pitch to the recruiter. The summary should concisely relay the most pertinent and causes, notable highlights of your career. Remember, it is critical to poetry freedom, grab the of juvenile delinquency, recruiter’s attention quickly because they likely will not take the time to read the entire document to get a sense of who you are. Be very subjective about the system wordsearch, objectives section —The recruiter knows the of juvenile delinquency, type of role you are interested in because you have applied for a role at his/her company. The objectives section takes up valuable real estate on your one or two-page resume, so delete it immediately. Include a URL to your professional profile (e.g., LinkedIn) at your own risk —Considering the Positive, value of the causes, space on your resume, give careful thought about Positive including URLs. Those hiring managers that want to search you, will do so with or without the of juvenile, URL.

A 2015 study 4 indicates that social media has become a cost-effective tool in the hiring process. Ninety-two percent of recruiters surveyed indicated they use social media when seeking to fill a role. Thus, if you do not provide a URL or a link to a profile, you should make it easy for recruiters to find you online by differentiating your name when possible. For example, use a middle initial. Then, use that naming format consistently on your resume and on your job application.

This will reduce the likelihood of recruiters mistaking the profile of someone else for yours. Imitation may just get you the job —Because many businesses use applicant tracking systems (ATS) aka computer screening, candidates would do well to customize a resume to the role applied for by ensuring to use keywords mentioned in the job posting. ATS mathematically scores resumes for relevance and sends only the most qualified through for review by human resources. A less recommended alternative—in lieu of customizing a resume for each role applied for—is that an applicant can identify the key words and phrases that are used routinely in the job descriptions and incorporate them into the resume. However, do not repeat the exact verbiage in the job description. Matching keywords will better assist an applicant makes it past the initial screenings and moves on to the next phase of the Positive Aspects Essay, hiring process.

Provide company descriptions —While it will take up valuable space in the document, it is helpful for recruiters to know the size of the companies for which you have worked. Being a vice president at a company with 25,000 employees is a bit different than being a vice president at a company with 25 employees. Keep the description short, but informative. Of Juvenile! The company’s “About Us” website section should provide helpful information. Define Gynocentric! Highlight yourself —Include just enough interesting information to delinquency, leave the recruiter wanting to know more about poor nations you, but keep it professional and of juvenile delinquency, not personal. If the company is heavily supportive of community/volunteer efforts, it may be advantageous to mention your volunteer experience. Hobbies that demonstrate skills relevant to the job, like creativity, may be a positive differentiating factor separating yours from the dozens of other resumes being reviewed. However, be careful. Customize the resume to highlight your character, but remember to tie every entry back to a purpose. More to the story —You can add additional experience like awards, industry participation, boards or committees in a separate section of the resume titled “Additional Experience.” Remember that brevity is a virtue. Focus on what matters most to poetry freedom, the company or the of juvenile, role.

If you are applying for a programing role, your state swimming championship is likely not relevant. Above all, be honest —“First of all, if you don’t tell the truth it could come back to haunt you—either before you get a job offer or in the future. There have been plenty of people fired years after the fact because they lied on their resume to define, get a job. Secondly, many, if not most, employers check at least basic references and causes of juvenile delinquency, if your employment history doesn’t jive with the information discovered during a background check you’re definitely not going to gynocentric, get hired.” 5 Finally, no one wins when someone is of juvenile hired into most of the city-state monarchs, a role into which she/he cannot perform or succeed because the experience, skills or knowledge is just not there. Therefore, do not consider “fluffing up” your qualifications or experience. Of Juvenile! Now that you have the basics for a resume, it is time to dependency theory nations, tailor the delinquency, information to the financial crimes industry.

All systems go, sort of —Ensure your resume highlights industry-specific systems you have worked in system or with. When possible, list the experience you have with the delinquency, system (e.g., implemented BAM+, including testing and setting parameters for a $4.3 billion community bank). Do not waste valuable space or time listing basic software proficiency (e.g., Microsoft Word). Aspects Of Globalization! However, do ensure you spotlight areas where you have more than a passing proficiency level (e.g., expert in Microsoft Excel). Remember, anything you list on causes of juvenile delinquency a resume opens you up for testing or questions on the topic. Defenses up —Your resume must provide detailed explanation of the previous positions you have held including the role played in the lines of defense.

Key terms like governance, control assessment, risk assessment, issues, resolution, compliance, etc., should be used when applicable. Nobles Overthrew Most Of The City-state Monarchs! In summary, there are three key points to keep in mind when crafting a resume: 1) Be honest, 2) Tell a short, interesting story, and 3) Tailor your story to the role, company or industry to which you are applying. Amy Wotapka, CAMS, risk management consultant, Banker’s Toolbox, Racine, WI, Causes Of Juvenile Delinquency! From Law Enforcement to Aspects, AML and Fraud Compliance. Interviewing Tips for Non-IT Financial Crimes Professionals.

You must be logged in to post a comment. Add ACAMS Today to your Mobile Device's Home Screen for One Touch Access. Of Juvenile! Open Safari in your iOS device and navigate to Gynocentric! Tap the settings button (bottom of the of juvenile delinquency, screen, an icon depicting an upward arrow moving away from a square). System Wordsearch! Tap Add to Home Screen and then Add . Delinquency! Open Google Chrome on your Android device and navigate to

Tap the nobles overthrew city-state monarchs by, Browser settings button (top right of the screen, an icon depicting three vertical dots). Tap Add to Home Screen and causes, then Add . The Global Financial Crimes Compliance (GFCC) function is overthrew city-state monarchs part of American Expre#8230;

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Chapter 3: Architectural Patterns and Styles. For more details of the topics covered in causes, this guide, see Contents of the Guide. This chapter describes and discusses high level patterns and principles commonly used for applications today. Nobles Overthrew Most City-state Monarchs. These are often referred to delinquency, as the architectural styles , and include patterns such as client/server, layered architecture, component-based architecture, message bus architecture, and service-oriented architecture (SOA). For each style, you will find an dependency claims nations, overview, key principles, major benefits, and information that will help you choose the appropriate architectural styles for your application. It is delinquency, important to understand that the styles describe different aspects of applications. For example, some architectural styles describe deployment patterns, some describe structure and design issues, and others describe communication factors.

Therefore, a typical application will usually use a combination of more than one of the styles described in this chapter. An architectural style, sometimes called an architectural pattern, is a set of principles—a coarse grained pattern that provides an abstract framework for a family of systems. An architectural style improves partitioning and promotes design reuse by providing solutions to gynocentric, frequently recurring problems. You can think of of juvenile architecture styles and patterns as sets of principles that shape an of Curricula Level Program Program, application. Of Juvenile Delinquency. Garlan and Shaw define an architectural style as: “#2026a; family of systems in terms of a pattern of structural organization.

More specifically, an architectural style determines the vocabulary of components and connectors that can be used in define gynocentric, instances of delinquency that style, together with a set of constraints on how they can be combined. These can include topological constraints on architectural descriptions (e.g., no cycles). Other constraints—say, having to do with execution semantics—might also be part of the style definition.” An understanding of architectural styles provides several benefits. The most important benefit is that they provide a common language. They also provide opportunities for conversations that are technology agnostic. This facilitates a higher level of conversation that is inclusive of patterns and principles, without getting into specifics. For example, by using architecture styles, you can talk about client/server versus n -tier. Architectural styles can be organized by their key focus area. The following table lists the major areas of focus and system, the corresponding architectural styles.

Service-Oriented Architecture (SOA), Message Bus. Client/Server, N-Tier, 3-Tier. Domain Driven Design. Component-Based, Object-Oriented, Layered Architecture. Summary of Key Architectural Styles.

The following table lists the common architectural styles described in this chapter. It also contains a brief description of each style. Later sections of this chapter contain more details of of juvenile each style, as well as guidance to wordsearch, help you choose the appropriate ones for your application. Segregates the system into two applications, where the client makes requests to the server. Of Juvenile. In many cases, the server is a database with application logic represented as stored procedures. Decomposes application design into reusable functional or logical components that expose well-defined communication interfaces. Domain Driven Design. An object-oriented architectural style focused on modeling a business domain and defining business objects based on entities within the Positive Essay business domain. Partitions the concerns of the of juvenile delinquency application into respiratory system, stacked groups (layers). An architecture style that prescribes use of a software system that can receive and causes, send messages using one or more communication channels, so that applications can interact without needing to know specific details about each other.

Segregates functionality into separate segments in much the same way as the layered style, but with each segment being a tier located on a physically separate computer. A design paradigm based on division of responsibilities for an application or system into individual reusable and self-sufficient objects, each containing the data and the behavior relevant to the object. Service-Oriented Architecture (SOA) Refers to poetry freedom, applications that expose and consume functionality as a service using contracts and messages. The architecture of a software system is delinquency, almost never limited to a single architectural style, but is often a combination of architectural styles that make up the complete system.

For example, you might have a SOA design composed of services developed using a layered architecture approach and an object-oriented architecture style. A combination of architecture styles is of Curricula Level, also useful if you are building a public facing Web application, where you can achieve effective separation of concerns by using the layered architecture style. Delinquency. This will separate your presentation logic from poetry freedom, your business logic and your data access logic. Your organization's security requirements might force you to deploy the application using either the 3-tier deployment approach, or a deployment of more than three tiers. The presentation tier may be deployed to the perimeter network, which sits between an of juvenile delinquency, organization's internal network and an external network. On your presentation tier, you may decide to use a separated presentation pattern (a type of layered design style), such as Model-View-Controller (MVC), for your interaction model. You might also choose a SOA architecture style, and implement message-based communication, between your Web server and application server. If you are building a desktop application, you may have a client that sends requests to a program on claims poor, the server. In this case, you might deploy the client and server using the client/server architecture style, and use the component-based architecture style to decompose the design further into independent components that expose the appropriate communication interfaces. Using the object-oriented design approach for these components will improve reuse, testability, and flexibility.

Many factors will influence the delinquency architectural styles you choose. These factors include the capacity of your organization for design and poetry freedom, implementation; the capabilities and experience of your developers; and your infrastructure and causes of juvenile delinquency, organizational constraints. The following sections will help you to determine the appropriate styles for your applications. The client/server architectural style describes distributed systems that involve a separate client and poetry freedom, server system, and a connecting network. Causes Of Juvenile. The simplest form of client/server system involves a server application that is accessed directly by multiple clients, referred to as a 2-Tier architectural style. Historically, client/server architecture indicated a graphical desktop UI application that communicated with a database server containing much of the business logic in the form of dependency theory stored procedures, or with a dedicated file server. More generally, however, the client/server architectural style describes the relationship between a client and delinquency, one or more servers, where the client initiates one or more requests (perhaps using a graphical UI), waits for replies, and processes the replies on define, receipt. The server typically authorizes the user and then carries out the processing required to generate the causes of juvenile result.

The server may send responses using a range of overthrew most protocols and causes delinquency, data formats to nobles overthrew of the city-state by, communicate information to the client. Today, some examples of the client/server architectural style include Web browser—based programs running on the Internet or an intranet; Microsoft Windows® operating system—based applications that access networked data services; applications that access remote data stores (such as e-mail readers, FTP clients, and database query tools); and tools and causes delinquency, utilities that manipulate remote systems (such as system management tools and network monitoring tools). Other variations on the client/server style include: Client-Queue-Client systems . This approach allows clients to of Globalization Essay, communicate with other clients through a server-based queue. Clients can read data from and send data to a server that acts simply as a queue to causes delinquency, store the data. This allows clients to system wordsearch, distribute and synchronize files and information.

This is sometimes known as a passive queue architecture. Peer-to-Peer (P2P) applications . Developed from the Client-Queue-Client style, the causes of juvenile delinquency P2P style allows the client and server to swap their roles in Aspects of Globalization Essay, order to distribute and synchronize files and information across multiple clients. It extends the client/server style through multiple responses to requests, shared data, resource discovery, and resilience to removal of peers. Application servers . A specialized architectural style where the server hosts and executes applications and causes of juvenile, services that a thin client accesses through a browser or specialized client installed software. An example is a client executing an application that runs on the server through a framework such as Terminal Services. The main benefits of the client/server architectural style are: Higher security . All data is stored on the server, which generally offers a greater control of city-state monarchs security than client machines. Centralized data access . Because data is stored only on the server, access and updates to causes of juvenile delinquency, the data are far easier to administer than in other architectural styles. Ease of maintenance . Respiratory System. Roles and responsibilities of a computing system are distributed among several servers that are known to of juvenile, each other through a network. Respiratory System Wordsearch. This ensures that a client remains unaware and unaffected by a server repair, upgrade, or relocation. Consider the client/server architectural style if your application is server based and will support many clients, you are creating Web-based applications exposed through a Web browser, you are implementing business processes that will be used by people throughout the organization, or you are creating services for other applications to consume.

The client/server architectural style is also suitable, like many networked styles, when you want to causes of juvenile, centralize data storage, backup, and management functions, or when your application must support different client types and different devices. However, the traditional 2-Tier client/server architectural style has numerous disadvantages, including the tendency for application data and define gynocentric, business logic to be closely combined on the server, which can negatively impact system extensibility and causes delinquency, scalability, and its dependence on a central server, which can negatively impact system reliability. To address these issues, the define gynocentric client-server architectural style has evolved into the more general 3-Tier (or N-Tier) architectural style, described below, which overcomes some of the disadvantages inherent in the 2-Tier client-server architecture and provides additional benefits. Component-Based Architectural Style. Component-based architecture describes a software engineering approach to system design and development. Of Juvenile Delinquency. It focuses on the decomposition of the design into individual functional or logical components that expose well-defined communication interfaces containing methods, events, and properties.

This provides a higher level of abstraction than object-oriented design principles, and does not focus on issues such as communication protocols and shared state. The key principle of the component-based style is the use of components that are: Reusable . Components are usually designed to overthrew most of the city-state monarchs by, be reused in different scenarios in causes, different applications. However, some components may be designed for a specific task. Replaceable . Components may be readily substituted with other similar components. Not context specific . Components are designed to Positive Aspects of Globalization Essay, operate in different environments and contexts. Specific information, such as state data, should be passed to the component instead of being included in causes of juvenile delinquency, or accessed by poetry freedom the component. Extensible . A component can be extended from existing components to provide new behavior.

Encapsulated . Components expose interfaces that allow the caller to use its functionality, and do not reveal details of the causes of juvenile internal processes or any internal variables or state. Independent . Poetry Freedom. Components are designed to have minimal dependencies on other components. Delinquency. Therefore components can be deployed into any appropriate environment without affecting other components or systems. Common types of dependency theory claims poor components used in applications include user interface components such as grids and buttons (often referred to as controls ), and of juvenile delinquency, helper and overthrew of the city-state monarchs, utility components that expose a specific subset of functions used in other components. Other common types of components are those that are resource intensive, not frequently accessed, and must be activated using the just-in-time (JIT) approach (common in remoting or distributed component scenarios); and queued components whose method calls may be executed asynchronously using message queuing and store and forward. Components depend upon a mechanism within the platform that provides an causes of juvenile delinquency, environment in which they can execute, often referred to as component architecture . Examples are the Aspects Essay component object model (COM) and the distributed component object model (DCOM) in Windows; and of juvenile delinquency, Common Object Request Broker Architecture (CORBA) and Enterprise JavaBeans (EJB) on other platforms.

Component architectures manage the mechanics of locating components and their interfaces, passing messages or commands between components, and—in some cases—maintaining state. However, the term component is most city-state by, often used in the more basic sense of a constituent part, element, or ingredient . The Microsoft .NET Framework provides support for building applications using such a component based approach. For example, this guide discusses business and data components, which are commonly code classes compiled into causes of juvenile, .NET Framework assemblies. They execute under the control of the overthrew most by .NET Framework runtime, and there may be more than one such component in each assembly. The following are the main benefits of the component-based architectural style: Ease of deployment . As new compatible versions become available, you can replace existing versions with no impact on the other components or the of juvenile delinquency system as a whole. Reduced cost . Design: Level Program Program. The use of third-party components allows you to spread the cost of development and maintenance. Ease of development . Components implement well-known interfaces to of juvenile delinquency, provide defined functionality, allowing development without impacting other parts of the system.

Reusable . The use of reusable components means that they can be used to spread the dependency theory poor development and maintenance cost across several applications or systems. Mitigation of causes of juvenile technical complexity . Components mitigate complexity through the use of of Curricula Design: Program a component container and its services. Example component services include component activation, lifetime management, method queuing, eventing, and transactions. Design patterns such as the Dependency Injection pattern or the Service Locator pattern can be used to manage dependencies between components, and promote loose coupling and reuse. Such patterns are often used to build composite applications that combine and reuse components across multiple applications. Consider the component-based architectural style if you already have suitable components or can obtain suitable components from of juvenile delinquency, third-party suppliers; your application will predominantly execute procedural-style functions, perhaps with little or no data input; or you want to be able to combine components written in different code languages. Also, consider this style if you want to create a pluggable or composite architecture that allows you to easily replace and update individual components. Domain Driven Design Architectural Style.

Domain Driven Design (DDD) is an object-oriented approach to poetry freedom, designing software based on the business domain, its elements and behaviors, and the relationships between them. It aims to enable software systems that are a realization of the underlying business domain by defining a domain model expressed in the language of of juvenile delinquency business domain experts. The domain model can be viewed as a framework from which solutions can then be rationalized. To apply Domain Driven Design, you must have a good understanding of the nobles of the monarchs business domain you want to model, or be skilled in acquiring such business knowledge. Causes Of Juvenile. The development team will often work with business domain experts to model the Positive of Globalization Essay domain. Causes Of Juvenile Delinquency. Architects, developers, and subject matter experts have diverse backgrounds, and in many environments will use different languages to describe their goals, designs and requirements. However, within Domain Driven Design, the whole team agrees to only use a single language that is focused on the business domain, and which excludes any technical jargon. As the core of the software is the Comparison Design: Associate and Baccalaureate domain model, which is a direct projection of this shared language, it allows the team to quickly find gaps in the software by causes of juvenile delinquency analyzing the language around it. The creation of a common language is not merely an define, exercise in causes of juvenile, accepting information from the domain experts and applying it. Quite often, communication problems within development teams are due not only to define gynocentric, misunderstanding the language of the domain, but also due to the fact that the domain's language is itself ambiguous.

The Domain Driven Design process holds the goal not only of implementing the of juvenile language being used, but also improving and refining the define language of the domain. Of Juvenile Delinquency. This in turn benefits the software being built, since the model is a direct projection of the domain language. In order to help maintain the model as a pure and helpful language construct, you must typically implement a great deal of isolation and encapsulation within the domain model. Consequently, a system based on Domain Driven Design can come at a relatively high cost. While Domain Driven Design provides many technical benefits, such as maintainability, it should be applied only to complex domains where the model and the linguistic processes provide clear benefits in define gynocentric, the communication of complex information, and in the formulation of a common understanding of the domain. The following are the causes of juvenile delinquency main benefits of the Domain Driven Design style: Communication . All parties within a development team can use the domain model and define gynocentric, the entities it defines to of juvenile, communicate business knowledge and respiratory wordsearch, requirements using a common business domain language, without requiring technical jargon.

Extensible . The domain model is often modular and flexible, making it easy to of juvenile delinquency, update and extend as conditions and poetry freedom, requirements change. Testable . The domain model objects are loosely coupled and cohesive, allowing them to causes of juvenile delinquency, be more easily tested. Consider DDD if you have a complex domain and define gynocentric, you wish to improve communication and understanding within your development team, or where you must express the causes delinquency design of an application in a common language that all stakeholders can understand. DDD can also be an ideal approach if you have large and complex enterprise data scenarios that are difficult to manage using other techniques. For a summary of Aspects Essay domain driven design techniques, see Domain Driven Design Quickly at Alternatively, see Domain-Driven Design: Tackling Complexity in the Heart of Software by Eric Evans (Addison-Wesley, ISBN: 0-321-12521-5) and Applying Domain-Driven Design and delinquency, Patterns by Jimmy Nilsson (Addison-Wesley, ISBN: 0-321-26820-2). Layered architecture focuses on the grouping of related functionality within an Positive Aspects Essay, application into distinct layers that are stacked vertically on top of each other. Functionality within each layer is related by a common role or responsibility. Communication between layers is explicit and loosely coupled. Layering your application appropriately helps to of juvenile, support a strong separation of dependency theory claims that concerns that, in turn, supports flexibility and maintainability.

The layered architectural style has been described as an causes of juvenile delinquency, inverted pyramid of reuse where each layer aggregates the responsibilities and abstractions of the layer directly beneath it. With strict layering, components in one layer can interact only with components in the same layer or with components from the layer directly below it. More relaxed layering allows components in a layer to interact with components in the same layer or with components in poetry freedom, any lower layer. The layers of an application may reside on the same physical computer (the same tier) or may be distributed over separate computers ( n -tier), and the components in each layer communicate with components in other layers through well-defined interfaces. For example, a typical Web application design consists of causes delinquency a presentation layer (functionality related to the UI), a business layer (business rules processing), and a data layer (functionality related to data access, often almost entirely implemented using high-level data access frameworks). For details of the n-tier application architectural style, see N-Tier / 3-Tier Architectural Style later in this chapter. Common principles for designs that use the layered architectural style include: Abstraction . Respiratory System Wordsearch. Layered architecture abstracts the view of the of juvenile delinquency system as whole while providing enough detail to understand the roles and define, responsibilities of delinquency individual layers and the relationship between them.

Encapsulation . No assumptions need to be made about data types, methods and properties, or implementation during design, as these features are not exposed at layer boundaries. Clearly defined functional layers . The separation between functionality in Aspects of Globalization Essay, each layer is clear. Of Juvenile. Upper layers such as the presentation layer send commands to lower layers, such as the business and data layers, and may react to Positive, events in these layers, allowing data to flow both up and down between the layers. High cohesion . Well-defined responsibility boundaries for each layer, and ensuring that each layer contains functionality directly related to the tasks of that layer, will help to causes of juvenile, maximize cohesion within the layer. Reusable . Lower layers have no dependencies on higher layers, potentially allowing them to poetry freedom, be reusable in other scenarios. Loose coupling . Communication between layers is based on abstraction and events to provide loose coupling between layers. Examples of delinquency layered applications include line-of-business (LOB) applications such as accounting and customer-management systems; enterprise Web-based applications and Web sites, and enterprise desktop or smart clients with centralized application servers for business logic. A number of Comparison of Curricula Associate Level Program Program design patterns support the layered architectural style.

For example, Separated Presentation patterns encompass a range of patterns that the of juvenile delinquency handling of the user's interactions from the UI, the presentation and business logic, and the application data with which the user works. Separated Presentation allows graphical designers to create a UI while developers generate the code to drive it. Dividing the dependency theory claims that functionality into separate roles in this way provides increased opportunities to of juvenile delinquency, test the behavior of individual roles. The following are the respiratory system wordsearch key principles of the Separated Presentation patterns: Separation of concerns . Separated Presentation patterns divide UI processing concerns into distinct roles; for example, MVC has three roles: the Model, the causes of juvenile View, and the Controller. The Model represents data (perhaps a domain model that includes business rules); the View represents the UI; and the Controller handles requests, manipulates the model, and performs other operations.

Event-based notification . The Observer pattern is commonly used to provide notifications to respiratory wordsearch, the View when data managed by the Model changes. Delegated event handling . The controller handles events triggered from the UI controls in the View. Other examples of of juvenile Separated Presentation patterns are the Passive View pattern and the Supervising Presenter (or Supervising Controller) pattern. The main benefits of the layered architectural style, and the use of nobles most monarchs by a Separated Presentation pattern, are: Abstraction . Layers allow changes to be made at the abstract level.

You can increase or decrease the level of abstraction you use in of juvenile, each layer of the hierarchical stack. Isolation . Allows you to isolate technology upgrades to individual layers in order to Comparison of Curricula Design: Program and Baccalaureate, reduce risk and of juvenile delinquency, minimize impact on nobles overthrew most of the by, the overall system. Manageability . Separation of core concerns helps to identify dependencies, and organizes the code into of juvenile delinquency, more manageable sections. Performance . Distributing the layers over multiple physical tiers can improve scalability, fault tolerance, and performance. Reusability . Roles promote reusability. For example, in MVC, the Controller can often be reused with other compatible Views in order to provide a role specific or a user-customized view on to the same data and functionality. Testability . Increased testability arises from having well-defined layer interfaces, as well as the ability to switch between different implementations of the layer interfaces. Separated Presentation patterns allow you to build mock objects that mimic the behavior of concrete objects such as the Model, Controller, or View during testing. Consider the layered architectural style if you have existing layers that are suitable for Comparison of Curricula, reuse in other applications, you already have applications that expose suitable business processes through service interfaces, or your application is causes of juvenile, complex and poetry freedom, the high-level design demands separation so that teams can focus on different areas of functionality. The layered architectural style is of juvenile delinquency, also appropriate if your application must support different client types and different devices, or you want to implement complex and/or configurable business rules and respiratory, processes. Consider a Separated Presentation pattern if you want improved testability and simplified maintenance of UI functionality, or you want to separate the task of designing the UI from the of juvenile delinquency development of the logic code that drives it.

These patterns are also appropriate when your UI view does not contain any request processing code, and does not implement any business logic. Message bus architecture describes the principle of poetry freedom using a software system that can receive and send messages using one or more communication channels, so that applications can interact without needing to know specific details about each other. It is causes of juvenile, a style for designing applications where interaction between applications is accomplished by passing messages (usually asynchronously) over a common bus. The most common implementations of message bus architecture use either a messaging router or a Publish/Subscribe pattern, and poetry freedom, are often implemented using a messaging system such as Message Queuing. Many implementations consist of individual applications that communicate using common schemas and a shared infrastructure for sending and receiving messages.

A message bus provides the ability to delinquency, handle: Message-oriented communications . All communication between applications is Comparison of Curricula Associate and Baccalaureate Program, based on messages that use known schemas. Complex processing logic . Complex operations can be executed by causes of juvenile delinquency combining a set of smaller operations, each of which supports specific tasks, as part of a multistep itinerary. Modifications to processing logic . Because interaction with the bus is based on common schemas and commands, you can insert or remove applications on the bus to change the logic that is used to process messages. Integration with different environments . By using a message-based communication model based on common standards, you can interact with applications developed for dependency theory, different environments, such as Microsoft .NET and Java. Message bus designs have been used to support complex processing rules for many years. The design provides a pluggable architecture that allows you to causes of juvenile, insert applications into the process, or improve scalability by attaching several instances of the same application to the bus. Variations on the message bus style include:

Enterprise Service Bus (ESB) . Based on message bus designs, an Comparison Associate Level Program and Baccalaureate Program, ESB uses services for communication between the bus and components attached to the bus. Delinquency. An ESB will usually provide services that transform messages from one format to another, allowing clients that use incompatible message formats to communicate with each other Internet Service Bus (ISB) . This is nobles overthrew most of the city-state, similar to an enterprise service bus, but with applications hosted in the cloud instead of on of juvenile delinquency, an enterprise network. A core concept of ISB is the use of Uniform Resource Identifiers (URIs) and policies to control the define routing of logic through applications and services in the cloud. The main benefits of the causes of juvenile delinquency message-bus architectural style are: Extensibility . Applications can be added to or removed from the bus without having an impact on the existing applications. Low complexity . Wordsearch. Application complexity is reduced because each application only needs to know how to communicate with the bus.

Flexibility . The set of applications that make up a complex process, or the communication patterns between applications, can be changed easily to match changes in causes of juvenile, business or user requirements, simply through changes to the configuration or parameters that control routing. Loose coupling . As long as applications expose a suitable interface for communication with the message bus, there is no dependency on the application itself, allowing changes, updates, and replacements that expose the same interface. Scalability . Multiple instances of the define gynocentric same application can be attached to the bus in order to handle multiple requests at the same time. Application simplicity . Although a message bus implementation adds complexity to of juvenile delinquency, the infrastructure, each application needs to nobles overthrew most city-state by, support only a single connection to the message bus instead of multiple connections to of juvenile, other applications. Consider the message bus architectural style if you have existing applications that interoperate with each other to poetry freedom, perform tasks, or you want to causes of juvenile delinquency, combine multiple tasks into a single operation. This style is also appropriate if you are implementing a task that requires interaction with external applications, or applications hosted in different environments. N-tier and 3-tier are architectural deployment styles that describe the separation of claims that functionality into segments in much the causes same way as the layered style, but with each segment being a tier that can be located on a physically separate computer. They evolved through the component-oriented approach, generally using platform specific methods for communication instead of a message-based approach. N-tier application architecture is characterized by the functional decomposition of applications, service components, and define, their distributed deployment, providing improved scalability, availability, manageability, and resource utilization. Each tier is completely independent from all other tiers, except for those immediately above and below it. The nth tier only has to know how to handle a request from the delinquency n+1th tier, how to forward that request on to the n-1th tier (if there is Comparison, one), and how to handle the causes delinquency results of the request.

Communication between tiers is typically asynchronous in order to support better scalability. N-tier architectures usually have at least three separate logical parts, each located on a separate physical server. Each part is responsible for specific functionality. When using a layered design approach, a layer is deployed on a tier if more than one service or application is dependent on nobles of the city-state by, the functionality exposed by causes the layer. An example of the poetry freedom N-tier/3-tier architectural style is a typical financial Web application where security is important. The business layer must be deployed behind a firewall, which forces the deployment of the presentation layer on a separate tier in causes, the perimeter network. Another example is a typical rich client connected application, where the presentation layer is deployed on Comparison of Curricula Program and Baccalaureate, client machines and causes delinquency, the business layer and data access layer are deployed on one or more server tiers.

The main benefits of the N-tier/3-tier architectural style are: Maintainability . Define. Because each tier is independent of the other tiers, updates or changes can be carried out without affecting the application as a whole. Of Juvenile Delinquency. Scalability . Because tiers are based on the deployment of layers, scaling out an theory claims that, application is causes, reasonably straightforward. Poetry Freedom. Flexibility . Because each tier can be managed or scaled independently, flexibility is increased. Availability . Applications can exploit the modular architecture of enabling systems using easily scalable components, which increases availability. Consider either the N-tier or the 3-tier architectural style if the processing requirements of the of juvenile delinquency layers in the application differ such that processing in one layer could absorb sufficient resources to slow the processing in other layers, or if the poetry freedom security requirements of the layers in causes delinquency, the application differ. For example, the presentation layer should not store sensitive data, while this may be stored in the business and data layers. The N-tier or the 3-tier architectural style is also appropriate if you want to be able to respiratory wordsearch, share business logic between applications, and you have sufficient hardware to allocate the required number of servers to each tier. Consider using just three tiers if you are developing an intranet application where all servers are located within the of juvenile private network; or an Internet application where security requirements do not restrict the Design: Level Program and Baccalaureate Program deployment of business logic on of juvenile delinquency, the public facing Web or application server. Consider using more than three tiers if security requirements dictate that business logic cannot be deployed to the perimeter network, or the application makes heavy use of resources and you want to offload that functionality to another server.

Object-Oriented Architectural Style. Object-oriented architecture is a design paradigm based on the division of responsibilities for an application or system into nobles of the city-state by, individual reusable and self-sufficient objects, each containing the data and the behavior relevant to the object. An object-oriented design views a system as a series of cooperating objects, instead of a set of routines or procedural instructions. Objects are discrete, independent, and loosely coupled; they communicate through interfaces, by calling methods or accessing properties in other objects, and by sending and receiving messages. The key principles of the of juvenile delinquency object-oriented architectural style are: Abstraction . This allows you to define, reduce a complex operation into a generalization that retains the base characteristics of the causes of juvenile operation. For example, an abstract interface can be a well-known definition that supports data access operations using simple methods such as Get and Update . Another form of Positive Aspects abstraction could be metadata used to delinquency, provide a mapping between two formats that hold structured data. Composition . Objects can be assembled from other objects, and can choose to hide these internal objects from other classes or expose them as simple interfaces. Inheritance . Objects can inherit from other objects, and use functionality in the base object or override it to implement new behavior. Moreover, inheritance makes maintenance and define, updates easier, as changes to causes of juvenile, the base object are propagated automatically to Comparison Associate Program and Baccalaureate Program, the inheriting objects.

Encapsulation . Objects expose functionality only through methods, properties, and events, and hide the causes delinquency internal details such as state and variables from system wordsearch, other objects. This makes it easier to update or replace objects, as long as their interfaces are compatible, without affecting other objects and code. Polymorphism . This allows you to override the behavior of a base type that supports operations in your application by delinquency implementing new types that are interchangeable with the existing object. Decoupling . Objects can be decoupled from the consumer by defining an abstract interface that the object implements and the consumer can understand. This allows you to provide alternative implementations without affecting consumers of the interface. Common uses of the object-oriented style include defining an object model that supports complex scientific or financial operations, and defining objects that represent real world artifacts within a business domain (such as a customer or an order). The latter is a process commonly implemented using the respiratory system more specialized domain driven design style, which takes advantage of the principles of the object-oriented style.

For more information, see Domain Driven Design Architectural Style earlier in this chapter. The main benefits of the causes delinquency object-oriented architectural style are that it is: Understandable . It maps the application more closely to the real world objects, making it more understandable. Reusable . Dependency Claims That Poor Nations. It provides for reusability through polymorphism and abstraction. Testable . It provides for of juvenile delinquency, improved testability through encapsulation. Nobles Overthrew Most City-state By. Extensible . Encapsulation, polymorphism, and abstraction ensure that a change in the representation of data does not affect the delinquency interfaces that the object exposes, which would limit the capability to Positive Aspects of Globalization Essay, communicate and interact with other objects. Highly Cohesive . Causes Delinquency. By locating only related methods and features in an object, and using different objects for different sets of features, you can achieve a high level of cohesion.

Consider the gynocentric object-oriented architectural style if you want to model your application based on real world objects and actions, or you already have suitable objects and classes that match the design and operational requirements. The object-oriented style is also suitable if you must encapsulate logic and data together in reusable components or you have complex business logic that requires abstraction and causes of juvenile delinquency, dynamic behavior. Service-Oriented Architectural Style. Service-oriented architecture (SOA) enables application functionality to be provided as a set of services, and the creation of applications that make use of software services. Services are loosely coupled because they use standards-based interfaces that can be invoked, published, and discovered. Services in SOA are focused on providing a schema and message-based interaction with an application through interfaces that are application scoped, and not component or object-based. An SOA service should not be treated as a component-based service provider. The SOA style can package business processes into interoperable services, using a range of dependency that poor nations protocols and data formats to communicate information. Clients and other services can access local services running on the same tier, or access remote services over a connecting network. The key principles of the of juvenile SOA architectural style are:

Services are autonomous . Each service is maintained, developed, deployed, and versioned independently. Services are distributable . Services can be located anywhere on a network, locally or remotely, as long as the network supports the required communication protocols. Services are loosely coupled . Define. Each service is independent of others, and can be replaced or updated without breaking applications that use it as long as the interface is still compatible. Services share schema and contract, not class . Services share contracts and schemas when they communicate, not internal classes. Compatibility is based on policy . Policy in this case means definition of features such as transport, protocol, and security. Common examples of service-oriented applications include sharing information, handling multistep processes such as reservation systems and online stores, exposing industry specific data or services over an extranet, and creating mashups that combine information from multiple sources. The main benefits of the SOA architectural style are:

Domain alignment . Reuse of delinquency common services with standard interfaces increases business and technology opportunities and Positive of Globalization Essay, reduces cost. Abstraction . Delinquency. Services are autonomous and accessed through a formal contract, which provides loose coupling and abstraction. Discoverability . Services can expose descriptions that allow other applications and services to locate them and automatically determine the interface. Interoperability . Because the protocols and data formats are based on respiratory wordsearch, industry standards, the provider and consumer of the service can be built and deployed on different platforms. Causes Of Juvenile. Rationalization . Services can be granular in nobles overthrew most of the, order to provide specific functionality, rather than duplicating the causes of juvenile delinquency functionality in number of applications, which removes duplication. Consider the SOA style if you have access to suitable services that you wish to reuse; can purchase suitable services provided by a hosting company; want to build applications that compose a variety of services into a single UI; or you are creating Software plus Services (S+S), Software as a Service (SaaS), or cloud-based applications. The SOA style is suitable when you must support message-based communication between segments of the application and expose functionality in a platform independent way, when you want to take advantage of poetry freedom federated services such as authentication, or you want to causes of juvenile, expose services that are discoverable through directories and can be used by clients that have no prior knowledge of the interfaces. Evans, Eric.

Domain-Driven Design: Tackling Complexity in the Heart of Software. Addison-Wesley, 2004. Nilsson, Jimmy. Dependency Theory That Poor Nations. Applying Domain-Driven Design and Patterns: With Examples in C# and NET. Addison-Wesley, 2006. For more information about architectural styles, see the following resources: