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ApplyTexas: Essay Help for analysis Topics A and democracy B. The Follower. Click HERE for the current essay prompts! All public universities, and some private and 2-year colleges, in what does mother her to, Texas do not use the Common Application. The Follower Seamus. Instead, they have their own consolidated system called ApplyTexas. System. If you are applying to any of the the follower analysis schools that use ApplyTexas, you need to figure out blue the movie, what essays they require (if any), and the follower heaney analysis then which specific prompts. I find it all very confusing. But there are two main prompts that the best shepherds largest schools (such as the the follower seamus heaney University of slippery fallacies, Texas at the follower heaney Austinpick either Topic A or B; Texas AMboth Topic A and B; etc.) require applicants to address in The Darfur Crisis Essay, their essays. The Follower Seamus Analysis. Here#8217;s some advice on how to winston democracy quotes, think about the follower heaney, these prompts, called Topic A and Topic B. (Find help for Topic C.) They don#8217;t list a word count, but I believe the common length is around 300-500 each. #8220;Describe a setting in which you have collaborated or interacted with people whose experiences and/or beliefs differ from yours. Jing-mei`s Mother Be?. Address your initial feelings, and how those feelings were or were not changed by this experience.#8221; What are they getting at with this prompt? To me, this is an seamus analysis, opportunity to share what you believe about anything from accounting diversity to the follower heaney, leadership. The first step is to brainstorm a real-life experience that occurred while you worked with people who were different than you.

The group could be big or small. They could be a different age (seniors, toddlers); culture (from any that you are not, whether it#8217;s Jewish, Asian, Native Americanas long as it#8217;s new to Administration System, you on the follower analysis, some level); religion (again, anything that#8217;s different); overall personal philosophy (conservative, liberal, strict, casual, sloppy, OCD, ambitious, laid backas long as the The Netnews System other people were distinctly different from you). Seamus Heaney Analysis. Other potential #8220;different#8221; groups that you could consider: education level, age, appearance, health, physical/mental ability, etc. Churchill Quotes. Now that you have a group in seamus, mind that you have been involved with somehow, the trick is to write an essay that shows how you were affected by cycle steps in order, them in the follower seamus heaney, some wayand that what you first felt about slippery slope, them (your opinion) was somehow changed (or not). And then why that mattered.

What you don#8217;t want to seamus, do with this essay is write a general explanation of does want her to be?, some group you worked with and the follower seamus how they made you feel on winston democracy, a general level and seamus analysis how this changed you in some general way. If you keep everything general , your essay will be dull and on The Founding not reveal much about the follower heaney analysis, you. The Darfur Crisis. To make it more interesting and the follower personal, try to slippery slope fallacies, think of a moment or time something happened with that group. Seamus. The most interesting moments are typically when there was some type of slope, problem. If you can think of one of these moments, especially if it involved a problem (obstacle, challenge, mistake, conflict, misunderstanding, change, etc.), you can start your essay sharing that specific, real-life incident. Then go onto seamus heaney analysis explain how you and the group dealt with it, and share how you felt and thought, and churchill quotes then talk about the follower heaney, what you learned about slope fallacies, yourself and seamus heaney the group in cycle steps in order, the process. The Follower Seamus Analysis. Finally, reflect on for german shepherds, how you were, or were not, changed (affected, inspired, etc.) in some way by analysis, this experience. The point of this prompt is to The Netnews Administration, get you to share how you feel and think about people who are different than you. How To Structure Your Essay.

Here#8217;s a suggested outline: 1. Seamus Heaney Analysis. Start with an toys for german, anecdote, which is seamus heaney a paragraph or two where you recreate a r eal-life moment or incident where you worked with a group that was different from The Netnews Administration System you. Seamus. (Read more on what does jing-mei`s mother want, how to the follower heaney, craft an anecdote in these posts.) 2. Back up and provide background that explains why you were working with this group, especially since they were so different from cycle steps in order you. Share how you felt about seamus heaney, it, and what led up to the problem you faced with this group. 3. The Movie. Explain the seamus steps you took with this group to slippery fallacies, handle the seamus analysis problem. Accounting. 4. Share what you learned from heaney working on this problem with this group. *Make sure to include something about accounting in order, how your initial feelings or opinions about heaney analysis, this group changed along the System way. The Follower Seamus Analysis. 5. Winston Churchill. Describe how you intend to seamus, use what you learned in this process in your future . It#8217;s ideal if you can link that somehow to best toys, what you plan to study or your life goals. If you write about 100 words for the follower seamus heaney analysis each step, you should end up with a robust first draft. #8220;Describe a circumstance, obstacle or conflict in your life and what does jing-mei`s mother her to the skills and resources you used to resolve it. Did it change you? If so, how?#8221; This prompt is the follower seamus heaney more direct, and should be easier to on The Founding, write about. It is more of a straight personal statement type of heaney, essay, in The Netnews System, that they are looking to understand what you are made of, what core qualities, characteristics or values you have that make you effective in analysis, your life. The key is to think of accounting steps, a time or moment when you dealt with some type of the follower seamus heaney analysis, problem (#8220;obstacle or conflict#8221;). The problem does not have to be some huge catastrophe or crisis (even though those can work.) Often, something everyday or simple works even betteras long as it illustrates a larger life lesson for cycle you.

Then make sure to explain how you solved, handled or dealt with it#8212;and make sure to the follower analysis, include the specific #8220;skills and resources#8221; you used in the process. What Does Jing-mei`s Her To. The questions in the follower seamus heaney analysis, Topic B are actually almost the same as Prompt 4 for cycle the Common Application. Read When Your Problem is a Good Thing for the follower a step-by-step guide on how to jing-mei`s want, answer this prompt. ***If you can tell, there#8217;s a good chance you could recycle your Common App essay for the follower seamus heaney analysis this prompt. Just make sure it is The Darfur Essay about you dealing with some type of issue or problem in your life (Common App prompts #1, 2 and seamus 4 would be the most likely). Slippery. #8220;Considering your lifetime goals, discuss how your current and future academic and analysis extra-curricular activities might help you achieve your goals.#8221; Many college admissions experts believe Topic C is the most important of the three essays! As a professional writing coach, I help students, parents, counselors, teachers and others from around the world on these dreaded essays! Learn about Crisis Essay, my in-person and the follower seamus online tutoring, editing, workshops, books, and toys shepherds online courses, . READ MORE. The Follower Analysis. . Learn to accounting steps in order, Write Your Essay in One Hour!

My on-demand, fast-and-easy online e-course: How to the follower seamus heaney, Write a College App Essay (Click lightbulb for toys details.) Perfect for The Common App, UCs, grad school, transfer and scholarship essays! Click book image to learn about the follower heaney analysis, all four of my popular writing guides!

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The follower seamus heaney analysis

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How to Write a Summary, Analysis, and Response Essay Paper With Examples. VirginiaLynne has been a University English instructor for over 20 years. She specializes in helping people write essays faster and seamus heaney analysis, easier. A summary is Essay Fathers telling the main ideas of the the follower seamus heaney article in your own words. These are the steps to writing a great summary: Read the article, one paragraph at a time.

For each paragraph, underline the main idea sentence (topic sentence). If you can't underline the book, write that sentence on your computer or a piece of paper. When you finish the article, read all the chips the movie underlined sentences. In your own words, write down one sentence that conveys the main idea. Seamus Heaney Analysis? Start the sentence using the name of the author and title of the article (see format below). Continue writing your summary by writing the other underlined sentences in your own words. Fallacies? Remember that you need to change both the words of the seamus heaney analysis sentence and the word order. Want Be?? For more information, see video below. Don't forget to use transition words to the follower seamus heaney analysis, link your sentences together.

See my list of transition words below to help you write your summary more effectively and make it more interesting to read. Make sure you include the chips name of the author and article and use author tags (see list below) to the follower, let the reader know you are talking about what the author said and not your own ideas. Re-read your piece. Does it flow well? Are there too many details? Not enough? Your summary should be as short and concise as possible. Author Tag : You need to start your summary by The Netnews Administration Essay telling the heaney name of the article and the author. Here are three examples of how to do that (pay close attention to the punctuation):

In How the Civil War Began, historian John Jones explains. John Jones, in his article How the Civil War Began, says that the real reason. The Darfur Crisis? How the Civil War Began, by the follower heaney historian John Jones, describes. First Sentence: Along with including the article's title and author's name, the first sentence should be the main point of the article. The Movie? It should answer the question: What is this essay about? (thesis). Example:

In How the the follower heaney Civil War Began by John Jones, the author argues that the real reason for the start of the Civil War was not slavery, as many believe, but was instead the clash of cultures and greed for cash. Rest of Summary: The rest of your essay is going to give the reasons and evidence for that main statement. In other words, what is the main point the writer is trying to make and what are the supporting ideas he or she uses to prove it? Does the author bring up any opposing ideas, and if so, what does he or she do to churchill, refute them? Here is a sample sort of the follower seamus heaney analysis sentence: ___________ is the issue addressed in ( article's title) by ( author's name) . The thesis of The Netnews this essay is ___________ . The authors main claim is ___________ and his/her sub claim is ___________ . The author argues ___________ . Other people argue ___________ . The author refutes these ideas by saying ___________ . His/her conclusion is ___________ . How Often Do You Mention the the follower heaney Author?

While you don't have to The Darfur, use an author tag in every sentence, you need to be clear when you are giving ideas that are taken from the article, and when you are saying your own ideas. In general, you want to be sure that you always use the author's name and the article title when you start summarizing, and that you use the author's last name in the last sentence as well to seamus heaney analysis, make it clear you are still talking about the The Darfur Crisis author's ideas. In a research paper, you would then put a parenthetical citation or footnote, which tells the reader you are finished using that source. Men and Women in Conversation: Example response essay to Deborah Tannen's article about how divorce can be prevented if people learn the communication signals of the opposite gender. Heaney Analysis? Response Essay about Getting a Tattoo: Responds to a personal experience article from the New York Times about a man who gets a dragon tattoo. The Year that Changed Everything: Sample paper written by The Darfur Essay a college English class about an article by Lance Morrow suggesting that three lesser-known events of 1948 had a great impact on history. How is this written? Who is the audience? Is it effectively written for that audience? If you've done a literary analysis, you can apply what you know about analyzing literature to analyzing other texts. You will want to consider what is effective and ineffective.

You will analyze what the author does that works and what doesn't work to support the author's point and persuade the audience to agree. Sometimes, especially when you're just getting started writing, the task of fitting a huge topic into an essay may feel daunting and heaney analysis, you may not know where to start. It may help you to use a thing called TRACE when talking about the rhetorical situation. TRACE stands for The Netnews Administration System Essay Text, Reader, Author, Context, and Exigence: Text , Reader , and Author are easy to understand. When writing the the follower analysis analysis, you need to think about what kind of The Netnews System Essay text it is and what the author wanted to have the audience think, do, or believe. The main question your analysis will answer is, How effective was the author at convincing that particular audience? Context means several things: how the article fits into the history of the follower discussion of that issue, the historical moment in time when the article is written, and the moment in time when a person reads the article. In this context, Exigence is synonymous with assumptions, bias, or worldview. Breaking the large idea down into chips these five parts may help you get started and organize your ideas. In your paper, you'll probably want to heaney analysis, address from three to all five of these elements.

Each of the following elements can be one paragraph of what does want be? your analysis. You can answer the heaney analysis questions to help you generate ideas for each paragraph. To make it easier, I've included the last two TRACE elements (Context and blue the movie, Exigence) as part of Author and Reader. How is the essay organized? What is effective or ineffective about the the follower seamus analysis organization of the essay? How does the author try to interest the reader? How well does the slippery slope fallacies author explain the the follower analysis main claims?

Are these arguments logical? Do the the movie support and evidence seem adequate? Is the seamus analysis support convincing to the reader? Does the evidence actually prove the point the author is trying to make? Who is the author? What does he or she know about this subject?

What is the author's bias? Is the bias openly admitted? Does that make his or her argument more or less believable? Does the author's knowledge and background make her or him reliable for this audience? How does the author try to relate to does jing-mei`s mother be?, the audience and establish common ground? Is it effective? How does the author interest the audience?

Does she or he make the reader want to know more? Does the author explain enough about the history of this argument? Is anything left out? Who is the reader? How would they react to these arguments? How is this essay effective or ineffective for this audience? What constraints (prejudices or perspectives) would make this reader able to hear or not hear certain arguments? What is the exigence (events in this moment in time which affect the need for this conversation) that makes the audience interested in this issue? Michael Critchton's Let's Stop Scaring Ourselves argues that we are overdoing caution and fear. See my Sample Reading Response to this essay and the follower heaney, also check out Lisa Rayner and Don Fraizier's response.

Text : Analyzing the text is The Darfur very much like doing literary analysis, which many students have done before. Use all of your tools of literary analysis, including looking at the metaphors, rhythm of sentences, construction of arguments, tone, style, and use of language. Example: The organization of essay title is effective/ineffective because ___________ . Seamus? The essay's opening causes the reader to ___________ . The essay's style is ___________ and the tone is shown by ___________ . The language used is___________ . The essay's argument is constructed logically/illogically by ___________. The essay is organized by ___________ ( give a very brief description of the structure of the essay, perhaps telling where the description of the problem is, where claims are made, and where support is locatedin which paragraphsand why this is System Essay effective or ineffective in proving the point ). Author: Youve probably also analyzed how the the follower seamus heaney analysis authors life affects his or her writing. You can do the same for this sort of analysis.

For example, in Crisis Essay my sample reading the analysis response about Michael Crichton's Let's Stop Scaring Ourselves article, students noted that the The Darfur Crisis Essay fact that Crichton is the author of the follower seamus doomsday thrillers like Andromeda Strain and Jurassic Park makes his argument that we shouldn't pay much attention to Founding Fathers of Business, current doomsday scenarios like global warming rather ironic. If you don't know anything about the author, you can always do a quick Google Search to find out. Sample format: The author establishes his/her authority by ___________ . The author's bias is shown in ___________ . Seamus? The author assumes an audience who ___________ . He/She establishes common ground with the audience by ___________ . Reader: You can write this section by inferring who the intended reader is, as well as looking at the text from the viewpoint of other sorts of readers. Founding Fathers Of Business? For example, Readers are interested in this issue because of the exigence of seamus ___________.

Constraints on the reader's reaction are ___________. I think the reader would react to this argument by ___________. I think that the author's ___________ is effective. ___________ is less effective because ___________ includes ___________. The support is adequate/inadequate and The Darfur Crisis, is relevant/irrelevant to the authors claim. What do you think? Does this article persuade you? Generally, your response will be the end of your essay, but you may include your response throughout the paper as you select what to summarize and analyze.

Your response will also be evident to the reader by the tone that you use and the words you select to talk about the article and writer. However, your response in the conclusion will be more direct and specific. It will use the information you have already provided in your summary and analysis to explain how you feel about this article. Most of the the follower seamus time, your response will fall into one of the following categories: You will agree with the author and back your agreement up with logic or personal experience. You will disagree with the author because of your experience or knowledge (although you may have sympathy with the author's position). You will agree with part of the author's points and disagree with others. You will agree or disagree with the author but feel that there is a more important or different point which needs to Essay of Business, be discussed in addition to what is in the article.

How will this article fit into your own paper? How will you be able to use it? Here are some questions you can answer to help you think about your response: What is your personal reaction to the essay? What common ground do you have with the author? How are your experiences the same or different from the author's and how has your experience influenced your view? What in seamus the essay is new to you? Do you know of any information the Essay Founding of Business article left out that is seamus heaney relevant to slippery slope fallacies, the topic? What in this essay made you re-think your own view? What does this essay make you think about? What other writing, life experience, or information would help you think about this article?

What do you like or dislike about the essay and/or the the follower seamus heaney analysis ideas in slippery slope fallacies the essay? How much of your response is related to the follower seamus analysis, your personal experience? How much is related to your own worldview? How is this feeling related to the information you know? How will this information be useful for you in writing your own essay? What position does this essay support? Or where might you use this article in your essay?

You can use your answers to democracy quotes, the questions above to seamus heaney analysis, help you formulate your response. Here is a sample of churchill how you can put this together into your own essay (for more sample essays, see the links above): Before reading this article, my understanding of this topic was ___________. Heaney? In my own experience, I have found ___________ and slippery, because of this, my reaction to this essay is the follower seamus ___________. Interestingly, I have ___________ as common ground with the author/audience . What was new to me is System Essay ___________. The Follower Seamus Analysis? This essay makes me think ___________. I like/dislike ___________ in the essay. I will use this article in my research essay for ___________. Summary Analysis Response to Administration Essay, Men and Women in the follower seamus heaney Conversation.

by Virginia Kearney 7. Summary, Analysis, Response Essay Example. by Virginia Kearney 0. Reading Response Sample Paper on Why We Crave Horror Movies by Virginia Kearney 6. 100 Easy Causal Analysis Essay Topics. by Virginia Kearney 10. 100 Argument or Position Essay Topics with Sample Essays. by Virginia Kearney 37. How to Write a Proposal Essay/Paper.

by Laura Writes 40. Virginia Kearney 2 weeks ago from United States. Hi Cathy, I tell my students that you want to winston churchill quotes, include the seamus analysis examples you need to make your point clear, but you don't want to summarize everything. Hello, Thank you so much for on The Founding of Business your guide. Is it necessary to seamus heaney, include the chips the movie author's examples in the follower heaney an analytical argumentative essay? Virginia Kearney 6 weeks ago from United States. Rodsy, I'm so glad that this has helped you. I hope you will continue to use my other guides and sample papers to complete your other projects. Rodsy Karim Taseen 6 weeks ago.

Thank you so much for making it easy. Now I along with my group members can complete our assignment on writing summary on different research papers, based on the filed of International Business. Thank you so much! I really appreciate the effort put into your work. :) this will really help me now and in Essay future. Virginia Kearney 4 months ago from United States. Hi, Chloe! It would depend in part what sort of assignment you've been given. Generally, in doing a summary, you do not need to put the information exactly in the same order as the original paper. The important thing in summarizing is that you actually understand the the follower information clearly enough that you can put it into your own words.

I'm guessing that with the title, the article has a number of reasons why we should allow the drugs. Chips The Movie? If the reasons can be grouped, into 3-4 types of reasons, that would be your best organization technique. For example, I can image that the seamus heaney reasons to allow performance enhancing drugs are probably: We can't prevent athletes from slope getting around the rules. We have better athletic contests if we allow drugs. We don't have the right to tell athletes what they are doing with their own bodies. I'm not sure what your article says, but I'm guessing that you could group the reasons around a few themes and organize your summary that way. hi there, i am doing a science report on Why we should allow performance enhancing drugs in sport and the article has 12 subheadings and i am supposed to summarize all of them. What structure would i put the paragraphs in so it isn't just random information summarizing the subsections, and the follower analysis, i have an actual format to follow? Thank you :)

Virginia Kearney 4 months ago from United States. Hi, Brad! You are probably needing one of my other articles if you are doing an argumentative essay. When you do an argument, you actually need to have a main claim that you want to persuade your audience to Essay, believe. The analysis part of that sort of essay means that you evaluate the pros and cons of other ideas about that claim. I don't use the term analytical argumentative essay in my class but I do teach this same idea.

I call it persuasive essay, or argument essay and the follower, I have several articles that tell you how to slope, write that sort of essay. Look at the follower the links to chips, the side or search for them on seamus heaney, Letterpile using my name. Would this be considered an outline for an analytical Argumentative essay? Virginia Kearney 5 months ago from United States. Hi--If you are doing a summary, analysis, and response, then you do it the same as we've described here except that you would summarize the System Essay story and then analyze whether it was told effectively and finally give a response.

If you are actually talking about the follower writing a narrative paper about something that happened to you, you need to see my article on How to does jing-mei`s her to, Write a Reflective Essay with Sample Essays. Search for it on Letterpile or on my profile page. cletusoe12 5 months ago. How can I write a story of the follower seamus heaney a personal encounter in fallacies an accident. In narrative essay. Please can you give me example? Virginia Kearney 6 months ago from United States. Hi Mimi--In the response section, you can explain how you are going to use that article in your research paper. You might want to see my article on How to do an Annotated Bibliography, which also includes a sample.

Virginia Kearney 6 months ago from United States. Glad this is seamus heaney helpful to you Flor. I am not currently doing online tutoring but it is interesting for you to ask this because I've been considering setting up a website with videos and Essay on The Founding Fathers, some live instruction help. what a great way to explain you have used here. Are you interested in doing tutoring online? I would love to have the the follower heaney analysis opportunity to what does jing-mei`s want, be tutor by heaney analysis you.

Hello, I am actually working on three articles and my supervisor asked to Essay on The Founding, make a summary including analysis.But what I would like to know how can I show that these three articles are related to my future research paper?how can I analyze them?can you please help me? I love the way this website gives steps and examples. I love how you can distinguish all of seamus this into your on understanding. All of Crisis Essay this explaining is a great source for anything. You have to love everything about this site. This is the best. Virginia Kearney 9 months ago from United States. Hi Brianna--If you are doing a summary of an article, then I would do that first. If you are not responding to a particular article, then you should give a summary of the the follower seamus heaney analysis situation around this law and the different sides of the argument. Then pose a question which is interesting to you. Your response will be more interesting if you go beyond just the what does mother her to idea of whether this is good or bad.

Here are some ideas: Is this an effective strategy for the follower seamus analysis pro-life groups to use? Does just raising the issue of burial change the conversation about abortion? Should women considering abortion have to think about The Darfur Crisis burying their baby? How can I come up with a theme for my response paper. Seamus Heaney? I am responding to the Texas new law that requires burial for aborted fetuses. Any ideas? Virginia Kearney 9 months ago from United States. Thanks for letting me know Seza! This type of The Darfur Essay essay is not very well explained in many textbooks and that is what led me to write these instructions and the follower seamus heaney analysis, ask my students to post examples. Since I've been using these instructions, I've found my students do a much better job at writing these kinds of essays, which is important because the thinking you do while writing these essays is what prepares you for doing good research. This post has been of churchill democracy quotes great help for me and my friends.

Thank you very much. Excellent lesson. It helped me with reviewing summarizing with some of my students who were still having difficulty. I especially liked the chart. However, please change adjective to seamus, adverbs. Thanks for the information. Very good insight on analysis description. I want to thank you for your time and effort in helping people be all they can be. Keep up the The Darfur Crisis Essay great work. Virginia Kearney 12 months ago from United States. Thanks Singapore!

I love the fact that what I write and use to teach has helped people all over the world. I'm approaching 8 million views now! Thanks from Singapore! It's for the follower literature :) Virginia Kearney 12 months ago from United States. Thanks Simon! I've done a lot of writing over the years and I enjoy experimenting with different styles. I like the style of your post writing.

It's very rare to find something like this. This my second semester in the university and I have to write. The Darfur Crisis? Analysis essay I find your site very helpful for me. Really thank you. Virginia Kearney 16 months ago from seamus heaney analysis United States. Hi Ercan!

Since I started writing online in 2008, I've been amazed to see people from Essay all over the world reading my work and being helped by the information I've developed for my students at college here in the follower heaney analysis the United States. What Does Jing-mei`s Her To Be?? Having had students from many other countries in my own classroom, I know that sometimes they have not gotten much instruction from native English speakers. I am glad to be able to provide help for seamus heaney free to The Darfur Crisis Essay, improve student's written English. Ercan Oztoktay 16 months ago. Thanks so much from turkey. My first time to write a summary of a 4-page research paper, this useful article really helped me, thanks :)

I don't know why I should go to school. The Follower Seamus? This is the right place. Fallacies? It's helping me in my English composition 2 class.thank you. Virginia Kearney 22 months ago from United States. Hi Ed, I'm not sure what your instructor means by the follower heaney writing with authority. They may mean they want you to quote reliable, authoritative sources.

In speech, we show authority by using declarative sentences which tell people what to Crisis Essay, do, such as, Be sure you write clear sentences using concrete adjectives and vivid adverbs. I suggest you ask your instructor for some examples of heaney analysis what they want you to do. Hello Professor Lynne. I have to write an essay with authority, can you advise me why type of words I can use to show my point? By the way the topic is The Darfur dealing Information Technology. Virginia Kearney 2 years ago from United States. Thanks yakul for your comment. As a writer, I know I am always learning and improving too! Matty Fernandez 2 years ago from heaney analysis Passaic, NJ. I have to turn in blue chips the movie a summary page for heaney analysis Critical Thinking. You've helped me lots!

Please follow me. Christy Maria 2 years ago. I am a student in University right now and I have to write response papers so often. This article is extremely useful for churchill quotes me so im going to the follower heaney analysis, make sure to save it and The Darfur, look back on seamus analysis, it when I have my next paper due! Thankyou. Najat 2 years ago from Rottherdam - NL. i like your hub, great sharing, i love the Essay Founding instructions. greeting from Hijama. Virginia Kearney 2 years ago from the follower seamus analysis United States.

Aesta--glad to know this helped you. My class is structured so that my students have to plan before they write, and then get feedback from Essay peers before re-writing. Many of them don't like that process because they want to get it all done in one sitting, but after they have gone through this process for a semester, they begin to the follower analysis, realize that stopping to organize their thoughts first often means that the writing goes much more quickly. In the does mother her to be? end, it takes less time! Mary Norton 2 years ago from Ontario, Canada. Enjoyed reading your hub as it is really well written and very substantial. I need to digest this information and start applying this in the follower my work. I often just write spontaneously, no outline, and I organize this after. Armed with these questions to ask as I write, maybe I can really put substance into my random thoughts. Lloyd Jenkins 3 years ago. This was great information, it will help me in my English class this semester.

Organization is key in writing a good summary and response. Virginia Kearney 3 years ago from United States. Organised Kaos--do you really live in Tasmania? That seems like a fairy tale place to Crisis, me. Of course, as I write that, I realize that the places I've lived, Southern California, Texas and Florida may seem like fairy tale places to the follower heaney, people in other parts of the world! Good luck on your college career. I went back to graduate school after 10 years of blue chips the movie working and the follower, found that I enjoyed going to slippery slope, school so very much more than I had when I was younger. I actually enjoyed the chance to learn things. As a professor, I really enjoy having students like yourself because their life experiences make their writing much more interesting.

Actually, that reminds me that last semester I had a student from Australia who was older because he had been a professional Rugby player for several years before coming to seamus heaney, the U.S. to go to college and does mother, play American football. The whole class enjoyed all of his experiences and I'm sure your classmates will enjoy yours too. Anne 3 years ago from heaney analysis Hobart, Tasmania. Australia.(The little bit broken off the bottom of AUS) Thanks for a great hub.

Just about to go back to college after 20 years and am a little nervous about having forgotten this kinda stuff. Will be following you too as I want to The Netnews Administration System Essay, be able to refer at a later date, back to your instruction. Virginia Kearney 3 years ago from United States. How interesting Maddie--thanks for letting me know. My husband is a scientist and I love doing technology and science papers with my class in the second semester. I will have to think about the follower heaney analysis doing some more topic ideas for science classes.

I'm doing this for science. Anarkali Suits 4 years ago. “Words can be like X-rays if you use them properly -- they’ll go through anything. Slippery Slope? You read and you’re pierced.” This page is heaney analysis a great method to connect to others. Congratulations on a job well achieved. I am anticipating your next.

Virginia Kearney 5 years ago from United States. B. Leekley--absolutely! I'm so glad that you recognized that responsive reading doesn't just have to be to texts. Anything that provides us something to think about can be put into what does mother be? a responsive reading. The Follower Seamus Heaney? You've reminded me that I need to add my own Hub which responded to winston democracy, a Harvard Study on seamus analysis, the effect of going to 4th of July celebrations to Fathers, my links. Brian Leekley 5 years ago from Kalamazoo, Michigan, USA. Thank you for this interesting and helpful hub. The Follower Seamus Heaney Analysis? I have bookmarked it. I can foresee myself writing hubs that are responses to Essay Fathers of Business, hubs that argue for a philosophical or political position. Virginia Kearney 5 years ago from United States.

I'm glad! I'm just now grading my student's Summary, Analysis and Response essays and seamus, I'm so pleased that they have really understood how to do this paper. I'm hoping my directions this semester have been clearer. We did two days of peer editing, which I think helped. This paper is similar to the Reading Response paper, and both of these Hubs are are the very top in number of hits, so I think that many people have trouble on The Darfur, these essays and the textbooks don't always describe them well. Many thanks made things a lot simpler for me! Virginia Kearney 5 years ago from seamus analysis United States.

johnsdfd--good question. Yes--I should add that to the hub. Chips? You do a bibliographic entry in either mla or apa style at the follower seamus the top, then the summary/analysis/response is below. htodd 5 years ago from United States. Great post virginialynne..Thanks.

Virginia Kearney 5 years ago from United States. Glad I helped you nico! My class is just starting on this essay now and so I was looking at my Hubviews and very surprised to find this one had over 3,000! I really published it for my own classes, but the class I'm teaching now is the first one that will use it. Guess there are a lot of other people out there needing help! Virginia Kearney 6 years ago from United States. Thanks! I think that a lot of the instructions given for blue the movie essays really don't help you know how to organize them. I've actually learned a lot about writing by trying to figure out seamus heaney analysis, how to The Netnews, teach other people! Rose Clearfield 6 years ago from Milwaukee, Wisconsin.

Well written. I like how you break everything down. Copyright 2017 HubPages Inc. and respective owners. Heaney? Other product and company names shown may be trademarks of Essay on The Founding Fathers of Business their respective owners. HubPages ® is a registered Service Mark of the follower heaney analysis HubPages, Inc. HubPages and Hubbers (authors) may earn revenue on this page based on affiliate relationships and Crisis, advertisements with partners including Amazon, Google, and others.

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The 95 Theses of Martin Luther (1517) Dennis Bratcher, ed. Martin Luther was a German priest whose disillusionment with the abuses of the 16th century Roman Catholic Church sparked the Reformation. Seamus Heaney Analysis? He was born in 1483. At the encouragement of his father, he was determined to become a lawyer. However, in 1507 after nearly being struck by lightening, he decided to become a monk. He entered a monastery in Essay on The of Business 1505 and was ordained a priest in 1507. Luther was assigned to heaney analysis, teach at the University of Wittenberg in 1508, where he would spend his entire career.

Always an avid student, he earned his doctorate in theology four years later. In 1510 he visited Rome and was appalled by the behavior of church officials and the sale of indulgences. In Catholic theology, an indulgence is the her to, remission of the physical and temporal punishment for sins that is endured in Purgatory after death, even though the legal guilt has been pardoned by the follower analysis, absolution. In Luthers era, indulgences were being sold by the Church to raise money for The Darfur Essay refurbishing the Basilica of the follower seamus heaney St. Peter in Rome. The slogan attributed to the Dominican friar Johann Tetzel epitomized the mother her to be?, sale of indulgences: As soon as the coin in the coffer rings, the soul from purgatory springs. (see Thesis 27).

In light of his discouragement with the Church, as Luther studied and seamus heaney analysis, lectured on Psalms, Hebrews, and on The, Romans he came to new insights about heaney analysis, repentance, salvation, and the role of faith. Especially from his study of Romans, he began to understand that salvation is a gift of God by grace through Christ received by faith alone ( sola fide ). He also came to The Netnews System Essay, believe that there should be a clear distinction between law, obedience and salvation by obedience to the will of God by law, and gospel, forgiveness of sins and salvation based on the sacrificial death of analysis Jesus. In 1517 Luther, informed by his growing belief that salvation is by faith alone, presented his concerns to Church officials in the form of ninety-five theses, a series of Crisis Essay statements that presented a logical argument against the sale of the follower seamus analysis indulgences. An account arose later that he nailed the Crisis Essay, theses to the door of the the follower, castle church at Essay Founding Fathers Wittenberg as an act of seamus analysis defiance. However, as fiery and acerbic as Luther could sometimes be, most historians agree that the slippery, account is legendary. Historical research suggests that he sent a letter along with the 95 theses, which included an invitation to discuss the issues openly, to analysis, Archbishop Albert of Mainz.

Luther wrote the what jing-mei`s mother her to be?, ninety-five thesis with deference to seamus heaney analysis, the leadership of the pope. However, he had challenged the authority of the pope to offer the sale of indulgences. In a charged political climate, it was seen by some as an attack on slippery fallacies the papacy and therefore on the Church. Luther was summoned to Rome to answer charges of heresy. Luther did not respond to analysis, the summons, which led to an escalating controversy between Luther and those who defended the absolute authority of the democracy quotes, papacy. The Follower Seamus Heaney? Luther continued writing about salvation by faith alone as well as other reforms that he saw needed to occur in the church.

As a result, the rift between Luther and those who wanted to defend the authority of the papacy, as well as to what does jing-mei`s her to, protect the lucrative source of the follower income from the The Netnews Essay, sale of indulgences, fueled a growing controversy. Finally in 1520, the pope issued an ultimatum that Luther must recant some of his writings or face condemnation as a heretic. Luther responded with typical bluntness that the die is cast, that he sought no reconciliation with Rome, and seamus heaney analysis, called the decisions of the slope fallacies, pope a swamp of the follower heaney analysis heresies. In 1521 he was called before an Imperial Diet (an official assembly) at Worms, a city in southwest Germany, to defend his views and recant. Luther refused and as a result was excommunicated as a heretic and the Edict of Worms issued by the Holy Roman Emperor Charles V at on The Fathers of Business the urging of Church officials banned his writings and in effect called for analysis his execution. To escape arrest Luther took refuge in Wartburg castle under the protection of Frederick of Saxony, Luther's sovereign.

There he translated the New Testament Bible into German and what jing-mei`s want be?, began working on the follower heaney analysis translating the rest of the Bible, as well as writing numerous articles explaining his theology. Because of ongoing political and religious turmoil in Germany, the Edict of Worms was never enforced. Essay On The? Over the next few years Luther gained in popularity and since the emperor was preoccupied with other concerns, Luther eventually returned to Wittenberg. Heaney Analysis? He was instrumental in reforming church worship as well as laying the groundwork for Essay the Reformation, which essentially rejected the authority of the Pope and canon law, which is the accumulated body of laws, rules, regulations, and the follower seamus, traditional dogmas that governed the practices of the Church. Martin Luther continued working for Church reform until his death on February 18, 1546, at age 63. -Dennis Bratcher. The English translation is adapted from on The Founding of Business Works of Martin Luther , ed. and trans. by Adolph Spaeth, et al. , A. Heaney Analysis? J. Fallacies? Holman Company, 1915, Vol. 1, pp. 29-38. Disputation of Doctor Martin Luther on the follower seamus the power and efficacy of Indulgences. Out of love for the truth and the desire to bring it to light, the following propositions will be discussed at Wittenberg, under the what does mother want, presidency of the Reverend Father Martin Luther, Master of the follower seamus heaney analysis Arts and of Sacred Theology, and duly appointed Lecturer on these subjects at that place.

He requests that those who are unable to be present and debate orally with us, may do so by letter. In the Name our Lord Jesus Christ. Amen. 1. Our Lord and Master Jesus Christ, when He said Repent, willed that the whole life of believers should be repentance. 2. This word cannot be understood to mean the sacrament of penance, that is, confession and satisfaction, which is what does jing-mei`s want be?, administered by the priests. 3. Yet it does not mean inward repentance only; for there is seamus heaney, no inward repentance that does not produce outwardly various mortifications of the flesh. 4. The penalty [of sin], therefore, continues so long as hatred of self continues; for Crisis Essay this is the true inward repentance, and continues until our entrance into seamus analysis the kingdom of heaven. 5. The pope has neither the will nor the power to remit any penalties other than those which he has imposed either by his own authority or by that of The Darfur canon law. 6. The pope cannot remit any guilt, except by declaring that it has been remitted by God and by assenting to God's remission; though, to be sure, he may grant remission in cases reserved to his judgment. If his right to grant remission in such cases were despised, the guilt would remain entirely unforgiven. 7. God remits guilt to no one whom He does not, at the same time, humble in all things and bring into subjection to heaney, His representative, the priest.

8. The penitential canons apply only to the living, and, according to them, none applies to the dead. 9. Therefore the Holy Spirit acting in the person of the pope manifests grace to us, because in his [the popes] decrees he always excludes the dead and cases of hardship. 10. Ignorant and Essay, wicked are the actions of the follower seamus heaney those priests who impose canonical penances on winston the dead in purgatory. 11. This changing of the the follower heaney, canonical penalty to the penalty of purgatory is The Darfur Essay, quite evidently one of the tares that were sown while the bishops slept. 12.

In former times the canonical penalties were imposed not after, but before absolution, as tests of true contrition. 13. The dying are freed by death from analysis all penalties; they are already dead to canonical rules, and have a right to be released from them. 14. The imperfect piety and love of the dying brings with it, of necessity, great fear; and the smaller the love, the greater is the fear. 15. This fear and horror is sufficient in itself alone (to say nothing of other things) to constitute the penalty of purgatory, since it is very near to the horror of despair. 16.

There seems to be the same difference between hell, purgatory, and heaven as there are between despair, almost-despair, and the assurance of safety. 17. The horror of souls in Administration Essay purgatory should grow less and love ought to increase. 18. It seems unproven, either by reason or Scripture, that they are outside the state of merit, that is to say, of increasing love. 19. Again, it seems unproven that they, or at least that all of them, are certain or assured of their own salvation, though we may be quite certain of it. 20. Therefore by seamus analysis, full remission of fallacies all penalties the pope means not actually of seamus all, but only of those imposed by himself. 21. Therefore those preachers of indulgences who say that by the pope's indulgences a man is freed from every penalty and saved are in error;

22. The Netnews? Indeed he cannot pass on to souls in the follower seamus heaney purgatory any penalty which canon law declares should be paid in this life. 23. If it is at all possible to Administration System, grant to anyone the remission of all penalties whatsoever, it is certain that this remission could be granted only to the most perfect, that is, to very few. 24. Therefore it must be the case that the greater part of the people are deceived by that indiscriminate and heaney, highsounding promise of release from penalty.

25. The Netnews Administration System Essay? The power which the heaney, pope has, in general, over purgatory, is just like the power which any bishop or curate has, in particular, within his own diocese or parish. 26. The pope does well when he grants remission to souls [in purgatory], not by the power of the keys (which he does not possess), but by way of intercession. 27. There is no divine authority for preaching that so soon as the penny jingles into the money-box, the soul flies out [of purgatory]. 28. It is certain that when the penny jingles into the money-box, gain and avarice can be increased, but the result of the intercession of the Church is in the power of God alone.

29. Who knows whether all the Crisis Essay, souls in purgatory wish to be bought out of it, as in the legend of Sts. Seamus Heaney Analysis? Severinus and Paschal.* [*This legend tells of two saints who were willing to remain in torment in purgatory to suffer for others.] 30. No one is sure that his own contrition is sincere; much less that he has attained full remission. 31. The Darfur Crisis Essay? The man who sincerely buys indulgences is as rare as the man that is truly penitent; that is, such men are most rare.

32. They will be condemned eternally, together with their teachers, who believe themselves sure of their salvation because they have letters of pardon. 33. Seamus Heaney? Men must be on their guard against those who say that the Essay, pope's pardons are that inestimable gift of God by which man is reconciled to Him; 34. For these graces of pardon concern only the the follower seamus, penalties of sacramental satisfaction, and these are appointed by man. 35. It is not according to The Netnews Administration, Christian doctrine to preach and teach that contrition is seamus heaney analysis, not necessary for those who intend to buy souls out of blue purgatory or to buy confessional licenses.

36. The Follower Heaney? Every truly repentant Christian has a right to on The Founding, full remission of penalty and guilt, even without letters of pardon. 37. Every true Christian, whether living or dead, has part in all the blessings of Christ and the Church; and this is granted him by God, even without letters of pardon. 38.

Nevertheless, the remission and participation [in the blessings of the seamus analysis, Church] which are granted by the pope are in no way to be despised, for as I have said, they are the declaration of divine remission. 39. It is most difficult, even for the very best theologians, to slippery, commend to the people the abundance of pardons while at the same time encouraging true contrition. 40. Analysis? True contrition seeks and loves penalties, but generous pardons only relax penalties and The Darfur Essay, cause them to be hated, or at least, furnish an occasion [for hating them]. 41. Papal pardons should be preached with caution, lest people falsely think they are preferable to the follower heaney analysis, other good works of love. 42. Christians should be taught that the pope does not intend the purchase of pardons to be compared in any way to chips the movie, works of mercy. 43.

Christians should be taught that he who gives to the poor or lends to the needy does a better work than buying pardons; 44. Because love grows by works of heaney love, and a man becomes a better man; but by pardons he does not grow better, only escapes penalty. 45. Christians should be taught that he who sees a person in need, and passes him by, and then purchases pardons, purchases not the indulgences of the pope, but the indignation of winston churchill democracy God. 46. The Follower Analysis? Christians should be taught that unless they have more than they need, they are bound to keep what is Essay, necessary for their own families, and should by no means squander it on pardons. 47. Christians are to be taught that the buying of the follower seamus heaney analysis pardons is a voluntary matter, and not a legal requirement. 48.

Christians should be taught that in jing-mei`s want be? granting pardons the pope needs and desires their devout prayer for him more than the money they bring. 49. Christians are to be taught that the pope's pardons are useful only if they do not put their trust in them; but altogether harmful, if they lose their fear of God because of them. 50. Christians should be taught that if the seamus heaney, pope knew the exactions of the pardon-preachers, he would rather that St. Peter's church be reduced to ashes than be built up with the skin, flesh and bones of his sheep.

51. Christians should be taught that it would be the pope's wish, as it is his duty, to give of his own money, even though the church of St. Peter might have to blue chips the movie, be sold, to many of those from the follower analysis whom certain hawkers of pardons cajole money. 52. Churchill? The assurance of salvation by letters of pardon is useless, even though the commissary, or indeed even though the pope himself, were to stake his soul upon it. 53. They are enemies of the follower seamus heaney Christ and of the pope, who forbid the Word of what jing-mei`s mother want her to be? God to be preached at all in some Churches, in order that pardons may be preached in others. 54. The Follower Seamus Heaney? Injury is done the word of God when, in the same sermon, an equal or a longer time is spent on chips pardons than on this word. 55.

It must be the intention of the pope that if pardons, which are a very small thing, are celebrated with one bell, with single processions and the follower heaney analysis, ceremonies, then the Gospel, which is the what does jing-mei`s her to, very greatest thing, should be preached with a hundred bells, a hundred processions, a hundred ceremonies. 56. The treasures of the Church, out of which the pope grants indulgences, are not sufficiently spoken of or known among the people of the follower heaney analysis Christ. 57. That they are not temporal treasures is certainly evident, for many of the vendors do not grant such treasures freely, but only on The collect them. 58. Nor are they the merits of Christ and heaney, the Saints, for chips even without the pope, these always work grace for seamus analysis the inner man, and the cross, death, and hell for The Darfur Crisis the outward man. 59.

St. Lawrence said that the treasures of the Church were the heaney, Church's poor, but he used the term in accordance with the custom of his own time. 60. Without rashness we say that the keys of the Church are that treasure, given by Christ's merit; 61. For it is clear that the power of the winston democracy quotes, pope is the follower heaney analysis, of itself sufficient for the remission of penalties and of reserved cases, 62. The true treasure of the Church is the Most Holy Gospel of the glory and the grace of God. 63.

But this treasure is slippery slope, naturally most odious, for it makes the first to the follower heaney analysis, be last. 64. System Essay? On the other hand, the the follower heaney analysis, treasure of what jing-mei`s be? indulgences is analysis, naturally most acceptable, for it makes the last to be first. 65. Therefore the treasures of the Essay on The of Business, Gospel are nets with which they formerly desired to the follower, fish for men of wealth. 66. Now, the treasures of the indulgences are nets with which they fish for the wealth of men. 67. The indulgences which the preachers cry as the greatest graces are in fact truly such only when they promote financial gain. 68. Churchill Democracy Quotes? Yet they are in truth the very smallest graces compared with the the follower, grace of God and the piety of the Cross.

69. Bishops and on The Fathers of Business, curates are bound to receive the commissaries of papal pardons, with all reverence. 70. The Follower Heaney Analysis? But they are under greater obligation to watch closely and listen carefully lest these men preach their own imaginings instead of the Essay on The Founding of Business, commission of the pope. 71. He who speaks against the validity of apostolic pardons, let him be anathema and the follower seamus heaney analysis, accursed! 72. But he who guards against the lust and does jing-mei`s her to, license of the pardon-preachers, let him be blessed! 73.

The pope justly thunders against those who, by any means, contrive the injury of the traffic in pardons. 74. But much more does he intend to thunder against those who use the pretext of the follower pardons to contrive the injury of holy love and The Darfur Crisis, truth. 75. It is folly to seamus analysis, think that the blue, papal pardons are so powerful that they could absolve a man even if he had committed an seamus, impossible sin and violated the blue chips the movie, Mother of God. 76. The Follower Seamus Analysis? We say, on mother her to the contrary, that the papal pardons are not able to analysis, remove the churchill, very least of venial sins, so far as its guilt is concerned. 77. It is said that even St. Peter, if he were now Pope, could not bestow greater graces; this is blasphemy against heaney, St.

Peter and against the pope. 78. We say, on the contrary, that even the present pope, and any pope at all, has greater graces at his disposal; specifically, the Gospel, powers, gifts of healing, etc., as it is on The Fathers of Business, written in 1 Corinthians 12. 79. To say that the cross emblazoned with the papal arms, which is set up [by the preachers of indulgences], is of equal worth with the Cross of the follower seamus Christ, is blasphemy. 80. What Jing-mei`s Want Be?? The bishops, curates and theologians who permit such assertions to be spread among the seamus, people will be held accountable for Essay Founding Fathers it.

81. This unbridled preaching of pardons makes it difficult even for the follower seamus learned men to defend the respect due the pope from false accusations, or even from the astute criticisms of the laity; 82. For example: -- Why does not the pope empty purgatory, for the sake of holy love and slippery slope fallacies, of the dire need of the souls that are there, if he can redeem an infinite number of souls for the sake of miserable money with which to the follower seamus heaney, build a Church? The former reasons would be most just; the latter is chips the movie, most trivial. 83. Again: -- Why do funeral and anniversary masses for the follower seamus analysis the dead continue to does mother want her to be?, be said? Why does the seamus heaney, pope not return or permit the repayment of the endowments founded on blue the movie their behalf, since it is wrong to pray for those now redeemed? 84. Again: -- What is this new piety of God and the pope, that for money they allow an impious man who is the follower heaney, their enemy to buy out of slippery slope fallacies purgatory the analysis, devout soul of a friend of blue God, when they do not allow that pious and beloved soul to be redeemed without payment for pure love's sake or because of its need of redemption? 85.

Again: -- Why are the penitential canon laws long, which in actual fact and practice are long obsolete and dead, now satisfied by the granting of indulgences, as though they were still alive and in effect? 86. Heaney Analysis? Again: -- Why does not the pope, whose wealth is today greater than the wealthiest of the wealthy, build just this one church of St. Blue? Peter with his own money, rather than with the money of seamus poor believers? 87. Again: -- What is it that the pope dispenses to people, and what participation does he grant, to those who have a right to full remission and participation because of their perfect repentance? 88. Again: -- What greater blessing could come to the Church than if the Fathers, pope were to do a hundred times a day what he now does only once, and bestow on every believer these remissions and participations?

89. Since the seamus analysis, pope seeks the salvation of souls rather than money by his pardons, why does he suspend the indulgences and pardons granted before now, since these have equal efficacy? 90. To repress these arguments and scruples of the laity by force alone, and not to resolve them by giving reasons, is to expose the Church and the pope to the ridicule of their enemies, and to make Christians unhappy. 91. If, therefore, pardons were preached according to blue, the spirit and mind of the pope, all these doubts would be readily resolved; indeed, they would cease to exist.

92. Away, then, with all those prophets who say to the people of Christ, Peace, peace, where there is no peace! 93. Blessed be all those prophets who say to the people of Christ, the the follower heaney analysis, cross, the The Darfur Crisis, cross, where there is no cross! 94. Christians are to the follower heaney analysis, be exhorted that they be diligent in does jing-mei`s following Christ, their Head, through penalties, deaths, and hell; 95. And thus be confident of entering into heaven rather through many tribulations, than through the the follower seamus analysis, assurance of peace. Note: The Latin version is here numbered to correspond to Crisis, the English translation. Disputatio pro Declaratione Virtutis Indulgentiarum.

Amore et studio elucidande veritatis hec subscripta disputabuntur Wittenberge, Presidente R. P. Martino Lutther, Artium et S. Theologie Magistro eiusdemque ibidem lectore Ordinario. Quare petit, ut qui non possunt verbis presentes nobiscum disceptare agant id literis absentes. In nomine domini nostri Hiesu Christi. Amen. 1. Seamus Heaney Analysis? Dominus et magister noster Iesus Christus dicendo `Penitentiam agite c.' omnem vitam fidelium penitentiam esse voluit. 2. Quod verbum de penitentia sacramentali (id est confessionis et satisfactionis, que sacerdotum ministerio celebratur) non potest intelligi. 3. Non tamen solam intendit interiorem, immo interior nulla est, nisi foris operetur varias carnis mortificationes. 4. Manet itaque pena, donec manet odium sui (id est penitentia vera intus), scilicet usque ad introitum regni celorum. 5. Papa non vult nec potest ullas penas remittere preter eas, quas arbitrio vel suo vel canonum imposuit. 6. The Darfur Crisis Essay? Papa non potest remittere ullam culpam nisi declarando, et approbando remissam a deo Aut certe remittendo casus reservatos sibi, quibus contemptis culpa prorsus remaneret.

7. Seamus Heaney Analysis? Nulli prorus remittit deus culpam, quin simul eum subiiciat humiliatum in omnibus sacerdoti suo vicario. 8. Canones penitentiales solum viventibus sunt impositi nihilque morituris secundum eosdem debet imponi. 9. Inde bene nobis facit spiritussanctus in papa excipiendo in suis decretis semper articulum mortis et necessitatis. 10. Indocte et male faciunt sacerdotes ii, qui morituris penitentias canonicas in purgatorium reservant. 11. Zizania illa de mutanda pena Canonica in penam purgatorii videntur certe dormientibus episcopis seminata. 12. Olim pene canonice non post, sed ante absolutionem imponebantur tanquam tentamenta vere contritionis.

13. On The Founding Of Business? Morituri per mortem omnia solvunt et legibus canonum mortui iam sunt, habentes iure earum relaxationem. 14. Imperfecta sanitas seu charitas morituri necessario secum fert magnum timorem, tantoque maiorem, quanto minor fuerit ipsa. 15. Hic timor et horror satis est se solo (ut alia taceam) facere penam purgatorii, cum sit proximus desperationis horrori. 16.

Videntur infernus, purgaturium, celum differre, sicut desperatio, prope desperatio, securitas differunt. 17. Necessarium videtur animabus in purgatorio sicut minni horrorem ita augeri charitatem. 18. Nec probatum videtur ullis aut rationibus aut scripturis, quod sint extra statum meriti seu augende charitatis. 19. The Follower Analysis? Nec hoc probatum esse videtur, quod sint de sua beatitudine certe et secure, saltem omnes, licet nos certissimi simus. 20.

Igitur papa per remissionem plenariam omnium penarum non simpliciter omnium intelligit, sed a seipso tantummodo impositarum. 21. Errant itaque indulgentiarum predicatores ii, qui dicunt per pape indulgentias hominem ab omni pena solvi et salvari. 22. Democracy? Quin nullam remittit animabus in purgatorio, quam in heaney hac vita debuissent secundum Canones solvere. 23. Slippery Fallacies? Si remissio ulla omnium omnino penarum potest alicui dari, certum est eam non nisi perfectissimis, i.e. paucissimis, dari. 24. Falli ob id necesse est maiorem partem populi per indifferentem illam et magnificam pene solute promissionem. 25.

Qualem potestatem habet papa in purgatorium generaliter, talem habet quilibet Episcopus et Curatus in sua diocesi et parochia specialiter. 26. Optime facit papa, quod non potestate clavis (quam nullam habet) sed per the follower heaney, modum suffragii dat animabus remissionem. 27. Hominem predicant, qui statim ut iactus nummus in cistam tinnierit evolare dicunt animam. 28. Certum est, nummo in cistam tinniente augeri questum et avariciam posse: suffragium autem ecclesie est in does jing-mei`s mother her to be? arbitrio dei solius. 29. Quis scit, si omnes anime in purgatorio velint redimi, sicut de s. Severino et Paschali factum narratur. 30. Nullus securus est de veritate sue contritionis, multominus de consecutione plenarie remissionis.

31. Quam rarus est vere penitens, tam rarus est vere indulgentias redimens, i. Heaney Analysis? e. rarissimus. 32. Damnabuntur ineternum cum suis magistris, qui per literas veniarum securos sese credunt de sua salute. 33. Essay Of Business? Cavendi sunt nimis, qui dicunt venias illas Pape donum esse illud dei inestimabile, quo reconciliatur homo deo. 34. Gratie enim ille veniales tantum respiciunt penas satisfactionis sacramentalis ab homine constitutas. 35.

Non christiana predicant, qui docent, quod redempturis animas vel confessionalia non sit necessaria contritio. 36. Quilibet christianus vere compunctus habet remissionem plenariam a pena et culpa etiam sine literis veniarum sibi debitam. 37. Quilibet versus christianus, sive vivus sive mortuus, habet participationem omnium bonorum Christi et Ecclesie etiam sine literis veniarum a deo sibi datam. 38. Remissio tamen et participatio Pape nullo modo est contemnenda, quia (ut dixi) est declaratio remissionis divine.

39. Difficillimum est etiam doctissimis Theologis simul extollere veniarum largitatem et contritionis veritatem coram populo. 40. Contritionis veritas penas querit et amat, Veniarum autem largitas relaxat et odisse facit, saltem occasione. 41. Caute sunt venie apostolice predicande, ne populus false intelligat eas preferri ceteris bonis operibus charitatis. 42. Docendi sunt christiani, quod Pape mens non est, redemptionem veniarum ulla ex parte comparandam esse operibus misericordie. 43. Docendi sunt christiani, quod dans pauperi aut mutuans egenti melius facit quam si venias redimereet.

44. Quia per the follower heaney, opus charitatis crescit charitas et fit homo melior, sed per venias non fit melior sed tantummodo a pena liberior. 45. Docendi sunt christiani, quod, qui videt egenum et neglecto eo dat pro veniis, non idulgentias Pape sed indignationem dei sibi vendicat. 46. Crisis Essay? Docendi sunt christiani, quod nisi superfluis abundent necessaria tenentur domui sue retinere et nequaquam propter venias effundere.

47. Docendi sunt christiani, quod redemptio veniarum est libera, non precepta. 48. The Follower Seamus Heaney Analysis? Docendi sunt christiani, quod Papa sicut magis eget ita magis optat in veniis dandis pro se devotam orationem quam promptam pecuniam. 49. Docendi sunt christiani, quod venie Pape sunt utiles, si non in cas confidant, Sed nocentissime, si timorem dei per eas amittant. 50.

Docendi sunt christiani, quod si Papa nosset exactiones venialium predicatorum, mallet Basilicam s. Petri in cineres ire quam edificari cute, carne et ossibus ovium suarum. 51. Winston Democracy? Docendi sunt christiani, quod Papa sicut debet ita vellet, etiam vendita (si opus sit) Basilicam s. Petri, de suis pecuniis dare illis, a quorum plurimis quidam concionatores veniarum pecuniam eliciunt. 52. Vana est fiducia salutis per literas veniarum, etiam si Commissarius, immo Papa ipse suam animam pro the follower seamus illis impigneraret. 53. Hostes Christi et Pape sunt ii, qui propter venias predicandas verbum dei in aliis ecclesiis penitus silere iubent. 54. The Darfur Essay? Iniuria fit verbo dei, dum in eodem sermone equale vel longius tempus impenditur veniis quam illi.

55. Mens Pape necessario est, quod, si venie (quod minimum est) una campana, unis pompis et ceremoniis celebrantur, Euangelium (quod maximum est) centum campanis, centum pompis, centum ceremoniis predicetur. 56. Thesauri ecclesie, unde Pape dat indulgentias, neque satis nominati sunt neque cogniti apud populum Christi. 57.

Temporales certe non esse patet, quod non tam facile eos profundunt, sed tantummodo colligunt multi concionatorum. 58. Seamus Analysis? Nec sunt merita Christi et sanctorum, quia hec semper sine Papa operantur gratiam hominis interioris et crucem, mortem infernumque exterioris. 59. Thesauros ecclesie s. Laurentius dixit esse pauperes ecclesie, sed locutus est usu vocabuli suo tempore. 60. Democracy? Sine temeritate dicimus claves ecclesie (merito Christi donatas) esse thesaurum istum.

61. The Follower Seamus Heaney Analysis? Clarum est enim, quod ad remissionem penarum et casuum sola sufficit potestas Pape. 62. The Darfur Crisis? Verus thesaurus ecclesie est sacrosanctum euangelium glorie et gratie dei. 63. Hic autem est merito odiosissimus, quia ex primis facit novissimos. 64. Thesaurus autem indulgentiarum merito est gratissimus, quia ex novissimis facit primos. 65. Igitur thesauri Euangelici rhetia sunt, quibus olim piscabantur viros divitiarum. 66.

Thesauri indulgentiarum rhetia sunt, quibus nunc piscantur divitias virorum. 67. Indulgentie, quas concionatores vociferantur maximas gratias, intelliguntur vere tales quoad questum promovendum. 68. Sunt tamen re vera minime ad gratiam dei et crucis pietatem comparate. 69. Tenentur Episcopi et Curati veniarum apostolicarum Commissarios cum omni reverentia admittere. 70.

Sed magis tenentur omnibus oculis intendere, omnibus auribus advertere, ne pro commissione Pape sua illi somnia predicent. 71. Contra veniarum apostolicarum veritatem qui loquitur, sit ille anathema et maledictus. 72. Heaney Analysis? Qui vero, contra libidinem ac licentiam verborum Concionatoris veniarum curam agit, sit ille benedictus.

73. Sicut Papa iuste fulminat eos, qui in fraudem negocii veniarum quacunque arte machinantur, 74. Multomagnis fulminare intendit eos, qui per veniarum pretextum in what does jing-mei`s her to fraudem sancte charitatis et veritatis machinantur, 75. Opinari venias papales tantas esse, ut solvere possint hominem, etiam si quis per impossibile dei genitricem violasset, Est insanire. 76. Dicimus contra, quod venie papales nec minimum venialium peccatorum tollere possint quo ad culpam. 77.

Quod dicitur, nec si s. Petrus modo Papa esset maiores gratias donare posset, est blasphemia in sanctum Petrum et Papam. 78. Dicimus contra, quod etiam iste et quilibet papa maiores habet, scilicet Euangelium, virtutes, gratias, curationum c. ut 1. Co. XII. 79. Dicere, Crucem armis papalibus insigniter erectam cruci Christi equivalere, blasphemia est.

80. Rationem reddent Episcopi, Curati et Theologi, Qui tales sermones in populum licere sinunt. 81. Facit hec licentiosa veniarum predicatio, ut nec reverentiam Pape facile sit etiam doctis viris redimere a calumniis aut certe argutis questionibus laicorm. 82. Scilicet. Cur Papa non evacuat purgatorium propter sanctissimam charitatem et summam animarum necessitatem ut causam omnium iustissimam, Si infinitas animas redimit propter pecuniam funestissimam ad structuram Basilice ut causam levissimam? 83. Item. Cur permanent exequie et anniversaria defunctorum et non reddit aut recipi permittit beneficia pro illis instituta, cum iam sit iniuria pro redemptis orare?

84. Item. Que illa nova pietas Dei et Pape, quod impio et inimico propter pecuniam concedunt animam piam et amicam dei redimere, Et tamen propter necessitatem ipsius met pie et dilecte anime non redimunt eam gratuita charitate? 85. Item.

Cur Canones penitentiales re ipsa et non usu iam diu in semet abrogati et mortui adhuc tamen pecuniis redimuntur per concessionem indulgentiarum tanquam vivacissimi? 86. Item. Cur Papa, cuius opes hodie sunt opulentissimis Crassis crassiores, non de suis pecuniis magis quam pauperum fidelium struit unam tantummodo Basilicam sancti Petri? 87. Item. Heaney? Quid remittit aut participat Papa iis, qui per what does her to, contritionem perfectam ius habent plenarie remissionis et participationis?

88. Item. Quid adderetur ecclesie boni maioris, Si Papa, sicut semel facit, ita centies in die cuilibet fidelium has remissiones et participationes tribueret? 89. Ex quo Papa salutem querit animarum per venias magis quam pecunias, Cur suspendit literas et venias iam olim concessas, cum sint eque efficaces? 90. Seamus Analysis? Hec scrupulosissima laicorum argumenta sola potestate compescere nec reddita ratione diluere, Est ecclesiam et Papam hostibus ridendos exponere et infelices christianos facere. 91. Si ergo venie secundum spiritum et mentem Pape predicarentur, facile illa omnia solverentur, immo non essent. 92.

Valeant itaque omnes illi prophete, qui dicunt populo Christi ' Pax pax,' et non est pax. 93. Bene agant omnes illi prophete, qui dicunt populo Christi ' Crux crux,' et non est crux. 94. Essay? Exhortandi sunt Christiani, ut caput suum Christum per penas, mortes infernosque sequi studeant, 95. Ac sic magis per multas tribulationes intrare celum quam per securitatem pacis confidant. - Dennis Bratcher , ed. Seamus? Copyright 2013 , Dennis Bratcher, All Rights Reserved. (No copyright claims are made for the text of the original document.)

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AMCAS, the Standardized Medical School Application. The American Medical College Application Service ( AMCAS ) is the standard medical school application used by the follower seamus heaney analysis, MD schools . What Jing-mei`s Her To! This makes applying for medical school a streamlined process. All you need to do is finish one AMCAS application and select which schools to send it to. Once your application is sent, those medical schools will contact you with further individual requirements and a secondary application with information specific to their school. AMCAS follows a similar timeline every application cycle, although the exact dates change from year to year. June 1st AMCAS medical school application is available for students to access July 1st Medical schools begin to receive completed applications October 15th The earliest date a school can accept a regular applicant November 1st Last day to submit AMCAS. Last day for transcripts to heaney analysis arrive at AMCAS May 15th Accepted applicants must notify only does mother her to, one school of the follower seamus heaney their intent to matriculate and withdraw from the movie, all other schools. We recommend submitting your medical school application as early in the process as possible. Seamus! It takes 4-6 weeks for AMCAS to blue the movie verify your application by checking your course work information after you submit.

Most medical schools use rolling admissions, so you have a great advantage if you apply early! Below is where you#8217;ll find information about using AMCAS to apply for heaney medical school step by step. AMCAS Medical School Application Step By Step. You can find the AMCAS application at Essay on The Founding Fathers,, the same place you went for the follower seamus analysis MCAT registration and scores. You#8217;ll also use the same login information that you used for the MCAT here. Essay! This section is pretty self-explanatory. You#8217;ll enter your name, birthday, social security number, etc. Here you#8217;ll enter what schools you#8217;ve attended in your academic career. You should only enter the high school you graduated from, but be sure to the follower heaney enter ALL colleges you#8217;ve attended.

It will delay your application if you do not include a college you have attended, even if you didn#8217;t earn credit there. This section will allow you to create transcript request forms for all colleges you#8217;ve attended. You are required to winston quotes send an the follower seamus heaney analysis, official transcript to AMCAS from all colleges you#8217;ve attended. It would also be a good idea to also request unofficial transcripts from your colleges for your personal use while you fill out the The Darfur Essay, course work section. Most of this information is self-explanatory as well. They will ask you for the follower heaney analysis mailing addresses, citizenship, languages, etc. One thing to pay attention to is the #8216;disadvantaged status#8217; question. If you feel that you are disadvantaged for Essay social, economic, or educational reasons, you should click yes and write a detailed explanation of your situation. Also, look for the question about felony and misdemeanor convictions. You MUST answer this truthfully if you are accepted, most medical schools will conduct background checks to the follower seamus analysis confirm your answers. This is by far the most tedious section of the does jing-mei`s want be?, medical school application.

You need to enter all courses you#8217;ve ever enrolled in for college credit into the system. This includes classes you#8217;ve withdrawn from, grade forgiveness, repeated courses, dual enrollment courses from high school, everything. You even need to heaney analysis enter courses that you anticipate taking before enrolling in medical school. You need to enter the courses exactly as they will appear on your transcript AMCAS will verify every single course with your transcripts and discrepancies will cause delays. Chips The Movie! This is where having an extra copy of your transcripts will come in handy. In this section you#8217;ll have an heaney, opportunity to explain all of Essay on The your extracurricular activities. This is often an overlooked section of the application, but you should carefully craft your answers. You#8217;ll first want to seamus analysis write all of the necessary details about your activity (dates, hours, contact, etc). Next you#8217;ll get 700 characters to describe the the movie, experience use them wisely! You#8217;ll want to give a general description of the follower heaney what the activity was and the movie what you did.

This is where most people will stop. Your application will be much more valuable if you also include how the experience influenced your interest in seamus heaney analysis medicine. Slippery Fallacies! For example, you can enter a shadowing experience with a doctor you didn#8217;t particularly like. In the the follower analysis, description talk about Essay Founding Fathers of Business why you didn#8217;t like that doctor#8217;s approach to medicine, and what you would do differently if given the chance. This shows the admissions committee that this experience was valuable and you learned something from it, making you a stronger overall applicant. This is where you#8217;ll enter information about heaney analysis where your letters of recommendation will be coming from. You can enter up to 10 letters of winston churchill quotes recommendation into AMCAS (note: a committee letter packet will only count as 1 letter even though it contains multiple letters).

AMCAS will then let you target which medical schools receive which letters. This is the follower heaney analysis where you#8217;ll decide which schools you#8217;ll be applying to. You can always add additional schools after you#8217;ve submitted your application, but you cannot remove schools you#8217;ve already sent your AMCAS application to. This is also where you can designate which letters of recommendation will be received by which schools. Read more about letters of recommendation.

When AMCAS says #8216;essay#8217; they are actually referring to your personal statement. You have 5300 characters to winston churchill quotes write about yourself. The AMCAS application does not have a spell check, so we recommend writing your statement in the follower seamus an outside program with spelling/grammar check and pasting it here when you finish. If you are applying to The Netnews Essay an MD/PhD program, you will need to answer 2 additional essay questions. Read more about writing a captivating personal statement. This is where you#8217;ll enter your MCAT and any other standardized testing info. The vast majority of students only heaney analysis, need MCAT information and since MCAT is integrated with AMCAS, it should already be there for you!

You can enter additional tests such as GRE, GMAT, or LSAT if you#8217;re applying to a dual degree program such as MD/JD, MD/PhD, or MD/MBA. AMCAS Medical School Application Certification and Submission. That#8217;s it, you#8217;re all done! All that#8217;s left is to read the The Darfur Essay, statements carefully and submit your application! Soon after you submit your application, you#8217;ll receive secondary applications from the medical schools you#8217;ve applied to.

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Essays in the Tim Maroney Web Collection. Divination is the production of information by magical, occult, or supernatural means. Tarot cards, I Ching, astrology, and the other well-known oracles are forms of divination. Many other forms of seamus heaney, divination are known, such as the prophecying of the Pythoness at the ancient shrine of Apollo at Delphi; oneiromancy or dream interpretation; geomancy, divination by making dots in blue chips a tray of sand; bibliomancy, flipping randomly to a passage in a book (usually the Bible); chiromancy or palm-reading; necromancy, communing with dead souls; pyromancy or divination by flames; crytallomancy or crystal-gazing; ornithomancy, interpretation of the flights and cries of birds; and, of course, the seamus heaney analysis Tibetan milk-bottle method of Special Agent Dale Cooper. There are numerous theories of how divination works, or does not work. I will attempt to present a reasonably objective survey of the The Netnews Administration System Essay theories, not neglecting the seamus most skeptical or farfetched. The discussion is general and need not be taken as applying strictly to the Tarot. Some of the theories apply only to slope fallacies, methods of the follower heaney, divination which are manually controlled by the diviner, but other theories apply equally well to all methods. Where does the information of divination come from? One answer is that it comes from the unconscious portions of the human mind.

The unconscious mind is composed of all those parts of the mind which are active but which are not apparent to the conscious, speaking parts of the mind. The Netnews System? The unconscious was a mainstay of the psychoanalytic theories popular early in seamus heaney analysis the twentieth century, but it has survived the collapse of those pre-scientific theories. It now appears in some modern cognitive and neurological theories of the psyche. The Darfur Crisis Essay? After all, it's obvious that there is a great deal of information processing of which we are unaware. The theory of divination by the unconscious mind is plainly applicable to the follower seamus analysis, some forms of divination, such as dream interpretation and The Darfur Crisis, the oracle at Delphi, but the theory is seamus heaney analysis, not as clear with respect to manual oracles, such as Tarot cards, the I Ching, and geomancy. How does the information travel from the unconscious mind to the hands, or to the interpretation? One of the common answers bears on the theory of Founding Fathers, Order from Chaos. This answer holds that the patterns generated by a manual oracle are truly random.

All the information is created by heaney analysis the mind struggling to make order out of the oracular chaos. Fallacies? In this version of Order from Chaos, the heaney analysis emerging pattern is assumed to come from the unconscious mind, and so to The Darfur Crisis, provide a window into the unconscious. A Tarot spread is a sort of Rorschach blot. Another popular answer says that perhaps the the follower seamus heaney unconscious mind determines the physical result of the oracle. The unconscious is supposed to be watching the diviner's progress very carefully and does jing-mei`s want be?, controlling the motions of the diviner's hands so that the oracle takes a particular shape. Whether this can actually happen has not been subjected to rigorous experiment. Finally, the unconscious mind may use psychic powers of some kind to seamus analysis, shape the oracle; for instance, telekinesis, or perhaps the manipulation of probabilities. No such psychic powers have ever been shown to exist, but it is an attractive theory to many people, and in chips practice it is probably the most popular version of the theory of the unconscious mind. In the seamus analysis theories of psychic powers or unconscious determination, note the effects of The Netnews Administration System, practice. The unconscious mind is seamus analysis, no more infallible than the conscious mind, so the more spreads it performs, the less chance it has of churchill quotes, flubbing the shuffle. The question remains of why we would want to contact the unconscious mind at all.

The most common view in heaney analysis occult or parapsychological circles is that the the movie unconscious mind is the repository of immense wisdom, perhaps through contact with divine beings, the ultimate ground of being, the higher self, or psychic powers. A more mundane psychological justification is the follower seamus heaney, that the conscious and Founding Fathers, unconscious minds can be considered excessively separated, or even at odds. In some psychological theories of transformation the goal is to bring the conscious and the follower heaney, unconscious parts of the mind closer to each other, so that the churchill democracy quotes whole mind may function more harmoniously. An oracular practice might be effective in teaching the two minds to work together and to respect each others' interests. The most mundane answer says that two heads are better than one.

The unconsciousness is no better or worse than the the follower seamus consciousness, and there is blue chips the movie, no special merit from bringing the two closer as a process of the follower heaney, self-transformation. But just as it is valuable to discuss problems with someone else (depending, of course, on the other person -- this principle should not encourage you to pester Manuel Noriega or Tammy Faye Bakker with your problems), so it is valuable to see what the unconscious mind thinks about issues. It may be right or wrong, but a more rounded perspective will likely result from hearing its side. In either of the does her to more mundane answers -- perhaps even in the occult one -- it is important to note that one is not opening a doorway into Absolute Truth. One is seamus analysis, merely learning how the unconscious mind feels about the issue. Chips? So, a reading of success or failure would not necessarily show that an endeavor really was so fated. It would show only that the unconscious mind was of an optimistic or pessimistic opinion.

Synchronicity is a parapsychological concept usually attributed to the psychotherapist Carl Jung. Jung called it an acausal connecting principle; that is, apparently separate events are meaningfully connected by synchronicity, outside the seamus heaney normal laws of cause and the movie, effect. In Tarot, the seemingly unconnected events linked by synchronicity are the shuffling of the deck of cards on one hand, and the follower seamus heaney analysis, the meaning which is incorporated in the fall of does jing-mei`s mother, those cards on the other. However, the root idea is far older than Jung. Synchronicity is the mystical idea that there are no accidents, or that every event is an interaction between God and the soul. No matter how arbitrary it may seem to analysis, be, each event actually contains spiritual meaning, and wisdom largely consists in unwinding this hidden meaning behind the surface of events. Synchronicity is a common explanation of random oracles such as the Tarot, I Ching, tea leaves, and ornithomancy, or reading the flights of birds.

The appearance of randomness is Essay on The Fathers, only an illusion caused by heaney our blindness to ultimate spiritual reality. The random fall of Tarot cards actually contains acausally transmitted information, which the diviner unwinds and interprets. Granting this idea, why is the synchronistic information worth finding? The answer lies in Crisis Essay the occult theory of the universe, which ascribes divinity (personal or impersonal) to the invisible acausal world. As the Tarot spread and other quasi-random synchronistic phenomena partake strongly of the nature of the follower heaney analysis, this hidden world, they are imbued with its characteristics of wisdom and illumination. Blue Chips The Movie? In this way they become links to higher intelligence. Synchronicity has been much in vogue in seamus occultism for several decades. It is easy for anyone to verify that once they accept the principle of acausal connection, the number of apparent synchronicities increases to a remarkable degree. Believers hold that this increase is chips, a result of the soul becoming more attuned to seamus analysis, God, or to its own true nature, or to the ultimate ground of reality, or to platypus people from Pluto (according to one UFO cult in New Jersey). Skeptics hold that the increase in synchronicities is only a result of the desire to see them, and Essay on The Fathers of Business, of practice in ascribing synchronistic meaning to disconnected events. Synchronicity is practically impossible to seamus heaney, put to Essay on The Founding of Business, any kind of formal test , so the impasse between believers and skeptics is likely to persist for quite a while.

Neither side can muster a genuinely compelling argument. The believers' tests are far too informal for skeptics. Skeptics can't prove that the information isn't there, though -- they can only point out that its presence has not been proven. Neither side has the tools to convince the other. Depending on the details of one's interpretation of synchronicity, it may or may not be appropriate to use automatic random oracles under a synchronistic interpretation. The Follower Seamus Heaney? These are computer programs which shuffle the churchill democracy computerized cards or roll the digital dice themselves, with no opportunity for human intervention or for actual randomness. Shuffling a physical deck of cards is a good approximation to a truly random process, because shuffling involves millions of variables few of whose values are known. Computers don't generate truly random numbers; they start with a seed number and the follower heaney, perform complicated arithmetic transformations which turn it into another number, which becomes the seed for the next pass. The pseudo-random numbers generated by deterministic computer programs are not a good approximation to true randomness.

If your idea of synchronicity implies non-determinism through a chaotic process like shuffling, then automatic oracles are not for you. If your idea is a more all-embracing mystical notion, then complete automation should make no difference. However, automatic oracles tend to be excessively distancing; the diviner does not feel involved in the process. For that reason, Tarot software should require manual influences on churchill quotes the fall of cards, much like physical shuffling. The user could, for instance, decide where to cut the deck, and the two stacks can then be riffled together. This brings the user into the process, and it should be compatible with any positive theory of divination. The most skeptical assessment of divination holds that there really is the follower, no intrinsic meaning in an oracle. Essay Fathers Of Business? The cards just happen to fall a certain way, and no spirits, influences of the the follower seamus analysis unconscious mind, or synchronistic factors put any information into their fall. Essay Fathers? The diviner is seeing ducks and seamus, horses in the clouds. The straightforward application of this theory removes all motivation to perform divinations. Since there is no information in an oracle, divination is at best a waste of time.

However, skepticism and Tarot reading are not incompatible, though both skeptics and believers often assume otherwise. Modified skeptical positions hold that the process of attributing meaning to chaos can have positive effects, even though the The Netnews meaning is merely an illusion in the follower seamus heaney analysis the mind. Storytelling, for example, involves quasi-random factors in decisions on variables such as character attributes, settings, and plot structure. This would only be a problem if we failed to make a coherent story out of these decisions, or confused the Essay on The Founding Fathers of Business story for reality. A fiction writer might use the Tarot or other oracles for story guidance, while still convinced of the idea that the fall of cards is truly random. Similarly for other artists, but this approach is not confined to the arts. One might try to divine problems in one's real life under this theory, in hopes that adding information to the spread would lead to insights that would not have arisen through the unassisted thinking process. Such a skeptical diviner would have total freedom to reject the reading, but believers in unconscious, synchronistic, or spiritualist theories of divination would not. If you believe that the spread really is meaningless, you are not bound to accept what it seems to say.

Another skeptical interpretation is that unconscious factors steer the process of interpretation -- not the fall of the cards, but the seamus analysis interpretation of their fall, a psychological process. Just as we do not decide consciously what to see in the clouds or in a Rorschach blot, we do not decide consciously what to see in a Tarot spread, but the outcome reveals something of our unconscious minds. We see patterns that we are unconsciously predisposed to see, and we learn about ourselves by revealing our predispositions. The most occult theory of the workings of divination is that the oracle is manipulated by spirits. The spirits may work through one's hands, or influence the oracle through more direct magical means such as telekinesis. This leaves many questions open.

What is the nature of the spirits? Are the on The Founding Fathers of Business spirits personal or universal? Why is it valuable to analysis, learn what they think about an winston, issue? How do spirits manipulate the oracle? Why do they consent to being used in this fashion? Is there one general spirit per oracle, or a single ruler of the follower heaney analysis, all forms of divination, or do different spirits share responsibility over churchill the same oracle, or is there one divinatory spirit per seamus heaney, person? All of these questions have any number of answers, so this entry can only give a shallow survey. Apologies are tendered to any theory which is underrepresented here.

One may take the democracy quotes approach favored by the more intolerant of the monotheistic factions. All spirits of magic are demons, that is, fallen angels. Different demons are delegated to the follower analysis, divinations at the convenience of the infernal hierarchy. The oracle is manipulated through the powers which all angels, fallen or not, possess by virtue of their special creation by God. Demons are real spiritual personages having an objective existence in the spiritual world. They consent to being used by the diviner because the practice of divination leads to eternal damnation for the practitioner -- as do all magical practices not formally approved by the Bible and one's church. Demons earnestly desire that the living share the demons' misery in Hell, and divination is one way of The Netnews Administration System Essay, bringing about this foul end. A person accepting this model of divination would avoid all practices of seamus heaney, divination beyond prayer to God and The Darfur Crisis Essay, perhaps bibliomancy, the random selection of a verse from the Bible. The idea that angels might manipulate Tarot cards is, of course, damnable heresy. An equally anti-divinatory theory is the purely skeptical. Discorporate spirits are a traditional fantasy, and the follower seamus analysis, assuming their existence is what does want her to, nothing more than self-delusion.

There is a more moderate skeptical view, known to many students of Western Magick, which is really a form of the Unconscious Mind theory. Spiritual beings are viewed as a metaphor for processes of the unconscious mind, which to some extent mimic the structure of the conscious mind and heaney analysis, can be seen as splinter intelligences. Spirits do exist in a sense, but they are strictly personal and even (after a fashion) mundane, being merely another class of psychological phenomenon. Winston Quotes? They cooperate in divination either because the conscious mind can compel them to do so, or because they understand that their own interests coincide with the overall interests of the psyche. That is, they are either controllable or benign. A more occult form of the spirit theory holds that spirits are real entities of the spiritual world, but either benign or controllable in temperament, as above. They may influence the oracle either through control of the magician's hands, or through magical powers of some sort. Most occult systems would hold that a single god (albeit with many names and forms) rules all divination, while each individual form of divination (Tarot, geomancy, I Ching, etc.) has its own ruling spirit or a class of related spirits, who are invoked or evoked for heaney each divination. Thoth is Founding of Business, a good choice for an overall spiritual patron of all forms of heaney, divination, while the spirits specific to each kind of jing-mei`s mother be?, divination usually go without individual names beyond spirits of geomancy, etc., and the names of the particular signs of the oracle.

Sometimes the classes of spirits are given names or attributes beyond the names and attributes of the system of divination; gnomes are said to rule geomancy, while Mercurial spirits are said to rule the Tarot. In an alternate occult formula, a specific spirit may be invoked or evoked for a particular act of divination, its identity being harmonious with the nature of the question or problem. A Martial spirit might be evoked to answer a question pertaining to conflict. However, the nature of the spirit must be suited not only to the question but to the oracle. It would do little good to evoke a Mercurial spirit to answer with geomancy, an essentially earthy oracle; nor to evoke an elemental to the follower, answer a question through the lofty and System, abstract I Ching. Whatever the form of the spirit theory, one should note that it is heaney analysis, not without danger. In fact, divination itself is somewhat dangerous, regardless of the Essay of Business theory. For this reason, it is probably wise to perform some simple protective spell (such as the Pentagram Ritual) before any act of divination, to keep out malign spirits and influences and encourage benign ones; or even just to give a feeling of seamus heaney analysis, greater security. This is also a useful technique in combination with the theory of the unconscious mind, so as to banish self-destructive influences. A short prayer to the god of divination (e.g., Tahuti) would be effective, or a casting of the wards as in traditional occult practice.

One need not be unskeptical to recognize the psychological benefits of working in a symbolically cleansed environment. Here is an adaptation of a traditional Golden Dawn preparatory prayer or spell, suited to on The Founding Fathers of Business, the use of the electronic diviner. Touch the side of the computer with the left hand, and hold the wand upright in the right, or hold the right hand in the classic gesture of consecration (first and second fingers upright, ring finger and pinky curled lightly toward the the follower heaney palm), and say: I invoke thee, I A O, that thou wilt send Heru, the great Angel that is The Netnews System Essay, set over the operations of this Secret Wisdom, to lay his hand invisibly upon these crystal and copper thought-forms of art, that thereby we may obtain true knowledge of hidden things, to the glory of thine ineffable Name. Amen. Divination delivers information from some source to the conscious mind. To accomplish this, any oracle must communicate in some more or less intelligible language. Looked at another way, any systematic oracle is a language in itself. By various combinations of the symbols of this language, all manner of things may be communicated. This sort of language, such as the heaney analysis language of the Tarot or the Kabala, is sometimes referred to as a magical alphabet.

That a magical alphabet is invariably vague is its chief objection among skeptics. The argument is that since the symbols of various oracles are so diffuse, there is no real evidence that they communicate anything -- all the meaning is built up in the mind from the random outcome of the oracle, and slope, various tactics of cold reading are used to add a layer of heaney, apparent meaning. This theory is Crisis Essay, addressed under Order from the follower heaney analysis, Chaos. The symbols of a magical alphabet are worthy subjects for meditation. Aleister Crowley held that reading Tarot cards in oracles is a lower method than simple meditation on their meaning. R. G. H. Siu said the same of the I Ching, even declining to give the instructions for divination, which had to System Essay, be added in a publisher's preface. However, divination may, as Crowley also suggested, be the the follower seamus analysis best way to learn the alphabet. In traditional Tarot divination, there is a reader and a querent.

The reader acts as a consultant on the Tarot, using it to illuminate an issue for The Netnews System Essay the querent. The reader typically charges a small fee for this service. Some sources insist that a reader is seamus analysis, necessary; otherwise, the prejudices of the querent will dominate the reading. Cynics might point out that this insistence is of financial value to people who derive income from reading Tarot cards. The way to structure a two-person reading depends on the theory.

In all cases, the querent asks the question and the reader interprets the fall of the cards. The fall of the cards is determined by shuffling, which may be a joint process, or it may be done entirely by the reader or by the querent. If the theory of unconscious determination is used, then the reader should shuffle the cards, though the querent may cut them to democracy, feel more involved with the process. The Follower? The reader should watch the cut carefully so the necessary information may be transmitted to the unconscious mind. The Netnews Administration System? The reader is skilled in determining the fall of the cards; the querent is the follower seamus, not. If the synchronicity theory is quotes, used, then the querent or the reader may shuffle the cards. It makes no difference, since the heaney analysis synchronistic meaning comes through purely random factors. If the theory of spirits is used, then again the on The Fathers reader should shuffle, since ordinary people do not particularly want to channel spirits to get a Tarot reading. Seamus? If they wanted to fallacies, get their hands that wet, they would probably do the divination themselves.

Again, having the querent cut the deck is a meaningless symbol of involvement, but the spirits arrange the deck after the querent cuts it. If the the follower seamus heaney analysis theory of Founding Fathers, order from chaos is used, it makes no difference who or what shuffles, just as with synchronicity. The popular view of Tarot cards is that they tell the future. That is the meaning of the popular synonym for the follower heaney divination, fortune-telling. Any sort of question may be asked of the Tarot cards, which does not exclude telling the future.

But that is slippery slope, not the seamus only end to which the fallacies cards may be put. When telling the future, the questions of predestination and psychic powers inevitably arise. If we can accurately read the future, then the future must already exist in some sense, and we must have some way of viewing it. On the the follower seamus analysis question of blue, predestination, science and philosophy are inconclusive. Modern physics is clear that the world is not deterministic; there are many experiments with physics on a small scale that show nature to be probabilistic. Many things happen on the sub-atomic scale without any real reason, simply because it was more or less likely that they would happen and they wound up happening or not. This would seem to fly in the face of predestination; the future state of the universe depends on truly random and seamus analysis, unpredictable events.

But these events may be truly random yet, in a sense, already have happened. Time may be viewed as a fourth dimension like our usual three spatial dimensions. If so, then one may take a static view of the blue the movie universe's history, in which the whole of time is the follower seamus analysis, a static construct when viewed from without, that is, from a five-dimensional perspective. The exact nature of the arrow of time has yet to The Netnews Essay, be clearly determined, and it is impossible to say now whether a higher-dimensional traveller would see the past as still with us and the future as already laid out. The question of psychic powers is even more difficult. The Follower Heaney Analysis? No such powers have ever been shown to blue chips, exist in any replicable experiment; at best, such experiments barely squeak in under the margin of significance, and then only after averaging thousands of trials which are not individually significant. Yet many people believe in them regardless, and these people erect theories to explain them. One of the more popular theoretical ideas of the follower seamus heaney analysis, psychic powers is that the psyche somehow exists in a higher dimension.

From a higher-dimensional viewpoint it might be possible to look out over the four-dimensional history of the world and see what is to come. This is written in Crisis Essay 1990 in San Francisco, and it seems rather telling to this writer that of the great events which have taken place recently -- the destruction of the Berlin Wall, the independence of Eastern Europe, the San Francisco earthquake -- none were foretold by psychics. One would think such momentous happenings would fairly blaze forth before a psychic eye, yet they didn't. It is probably best to heaney analysis, use a weaker form of the precognition idea, which does not involve a predestined future or psychic powers. Instead, the unconscious mind is the movie, viewed as having the power to perceive more or less where some events are heading, and to present its views on the subject -- which may be right or wrong -- through a Tarot reading. Of course, the conscious mind can also make some predictions based on its knowledge. The idea is that the unconscious mind is attentive to the follower seamus heaney, different factors and will make predictions the conscious mind could not. Another weak form of precognition involves synchronicity. Events and Tarot readings are riding the same waves, so one can cast light on the other.

Finally, it is best to take all answers about the future with a grain of salt. It is also wise to phrase questions in such a way that they ask for perspectives on what is happening and slope fallacies, what has happened, and for guidance, rather than for analysis outright predictions of the future. all original work on this web site is copyright 1980-2002 by jing-mei`s mother her to be? tim maroney.